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31EMBERS OF PARLIAMENT AT…

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31EMBERS OF PARLIAMENT AT HOME. Mr. Alderman Salomons reviewed the events of the' late session in a speech addressed on Wednesdav night to a meeting of his constituents at Greenwich. He did not think it a barren session, and he enumerated some of the 134 public Acts that had been passed. It was barren of great measures, but then it was to be remem- bered that almost all the great questions, whether in Church or State, had been settled. It might be said, indeed, that only one great question remained for discussion in future years—the question of parliamentary reform. Ministers had been blamed in some quarters for not bringing forward a Reform bill in the late session, but they were not wholly without excuse. At the last general election many members of the House of Commons, himself among the number, were elected on the express under- standing that they would do their best to carry a Re- form bill. In the first session of the new Parliament an attempt was made to pass a satisfactory measure, but it soon became evident that there was no party in the House of Commons strong enough for the purpose. The truth was, he believed, that in the absence of a severe pressure from without all attempts to carry a Reform bill must necessarily fail, and he was not sur- prised that Ministers should have resolved to abstain from bringing forward any such measure until it was called for by the people in a voice not to be mistaken (hear, hear)." After justifying the large expenditure of the country as necessary to secure its safety, he turned to foreign politics. Alluding to the American question, he said :— Our own interests required that we should be entirely neutral and should refrain from taking a part on one side or the other (hear, hear). He believed that when Lord Lyons, very early in the dispute, inquired whether any interference would be acceptable, he was sent away, to use a popular phrase, with a flea in his ear. Our plain duty, then, was non-interference; but, at the same time, the blockade of the Southern ports ought not to be a mere paper blockade. The Americans had always strenuously protested against paper block- ades, and they could not complain of us if we now insisted that the Southern ports should not be closed except by an effective blockade (hear, hear). The hon. and learned gentleman then turned to the question of Italy, and expressed his belief that if the Italians were left to themselves Rome and Venice would in no long time form part of a great Italian kingdom." Lord John Manners spoke on Tuesday night at Leicester, returning thanks for the county members at a dinner of Conservatives in the Corn Exchange. He sang the praises of Conservatives and Conservatism, at- tacked the government for having offered a Reform Bill, &c. Your admirable representative has told you that he, for one, regards of little moment the old party Shib- boleths, and that he thinks that the time has come when moderate men of all parties may combine to support the time-honoured institutions of our native land. Well, gentlemen, so far as the Liberal party of England is concerned, I believe it to be unfounded, as well as the remark which is sometimes made, that there is in these days no difference between the principles of contending parties, and that those time-honoured insti- tutions are as safe in the keeping of one party as in that of another. I do not believe in the truth of that assertion, and I will give you the reason why. It can only be true so long as what is called the great Liberal party is unfaithful in office to the principles which it professes (cheers). Also, for a moment, we see the heterogeneous elements of the present Cabinet re- strained by the influence, it may be, of their chief; or it may be, as I believe, by the influence of the public opinion of England (cheers). What should we do if we trusted only to that abeyance of democratic- prin- ciples for the future, A foreign convention, domestic distress, or the unsatisfied ambition of a single in- dividual may change the whole current of Liberal government policy and then we should find those institutions which we prided and honoured handed over with easy indifference to the Radical revolutionists, or the Chartists, by those to whom we had unwisely and foolishly committed their sacred keeping." He looked back complacently on the last two years as highly honourable to conservatism :— Two years ago the friends of our institutions in Church and State were, some of them—I never was-in something like despair. It seemed impossible to resist the torrent of Radical reform, and it seemed impossible to resist the onslaught of the leaders. Our institutions were to be Americanised, and the Church was to cease to be the Church of the nation (hear, hear.) But in these two years what a change has occurred I do not wish to allude more particularly to the lamentable events which are now progressing in the United States. I may say this, that from one end of England to another there is a determination that our institutions shall not be hazarded to the risks and the dangers which have fallen upon the institutions of the United States (cheers). It is not necessary to confine our remarks or to superscribe our vision to the United States. There is another great Republic in America—I mean Mexico. Half a century ago every Liberal in Europe heard with delight the release of Mexico from what was called the worn out tyranny of Spain. What is now the condition of the so-called flourishing Republic ? Why, we are told-I am afraid, on good authority— that we, the public of England, are to be at the expense of fitting out a costly expedition in order to do some- thing to bring the Republicans of America to a sense of decency and justice (cheera). My firm persuasion is, though I never was in Mexico, that there is not a sensible Mexican alive at the present moment who would not willingly at this instant exchange for the Monarchy of Spain the Republicanism of Mexico (laughter and cheers). Well, gentlemen, I fear I have detained you too long. (Voices—" Go on.") I may say that I have come here regarding the festival not so much as a triumph of one political party over another in the borough of Leicester, but much more as a triumph of those moderate Conser- vative principle which I am satisfied are permeating more and more the electoral mind of this kingdom from one end to the other, and I regard this great festival as an incitement and inducement to the other neighbouring constituencies to go and do likewise (cheers). Certain I am that so long as in the great centres of manufac- turing industry such an assemblage as this can be pro- duced to support Conservative principles, and to rally around our institutions of Church and State, that, how- ever for a time unprincipled combinations may place in office heterogenous politicians, those time-honoured institutions of our land will not be handed over without' a struggle, and a successful struggle, to philosophical* pedants, or to the more avowed inroads of political dema- gogues (cheers). For my own part, I beg leave to re- turn you my most grateful thanks (cheers). FEARFUL ACCIDENT ON THE SHREWSBURY AND WELSH POOL RAILWAY.—On Wednesday morning, between five and six o'clock, a terrible accident occurred near Hanwood station, between three and four miles from Shrewsbury, on the Welshpool line, now nearly comple- ted, by which two men were killed and seven or eight others frightfully wounded. Mr. France, the contractor, runs a train, consisting of an engine, several ballast- waggons or trucks, and a guard's van, along the line from Shrewsbury to Middle-town, a distance of fourteen miles, for the convenience of the workmen. Nearly two hundred leave Shrewsbury every morning, and return at night. The train left the station as usual shortly after five o'clock yesterday morning, and all went right for the first few miles. Just before they reached Hanwood, it was observed that the trucks suddenly began to oscillate, and in an instant the last truck but one tumbled over with a terrific crash down a slight embankment, pitching the men out in all directions. The truck which followed was also dragged down the embankment, and those in that were also thrown out, but not with such violence, as the train was not proceeding at a rapid pace. The break van was not thrown off the line, but the men in it jumped out in the greatest consterna- tion. It is computed there were about twenty men in each truck and eight or ten in the van. The cries of the poor fellows were heartrending, and as soon as assistance could be procured it was found that two men were killed on the spot, their names being Georg Dax, of Shrewsbury, carpenter, and Joseph Bates, of the same place, labourer. They are both married men with families. One had been driven against a post outside the line, and over the other the wheels of the truck had run, completely crushing him. Two other men were fearfully mangled, and no hopes are entertained of their recovery. Six more were rather seriously injured. As soon as possible Mr. Blakeway, of Hanwood Mill, rendered assistance, and immediately forwarded the in- jured men to the infirmary at Shrewsbury. Upon examining the trucks it was found that one of the irons which ran underneath, to which the coupling chains are attached, had become loosened from constant work- ing, and while they were. proceeding along had worked out from beneath the third truck from the end of the train. The last truck but one came upon one end of it, the other being driven against a rail, which turned the truck completely over, thereby causing the accident. The former part of the train proceeded for some distance without the men being aware of the accident, as the morning had not then broken.

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