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COLWYN BAY. POLICE COURT. THE JUSTICES AND APPLICATIONS FOR LICENSES. THE RHOS ABBEY HOTEL CASE. On Saturday, the petty sessions for the dis- trict of Colwyn Bay were held, the Rev. W. Venables Williams presiding, supported by Mr. T. G. Osborne, Mr. Joseph Jones, Mr. W. Jones, Mr. James Wood, Mr. W. D. Houghton, Mr. C. F. Woodall, and Mr. George Bevan. The Chairman said that, at the request of his brother justices, he begged to propose that the following resolution be recorded on the minutes: —' In all applications for new licenses or trans- fers, careful inquiries shall be made by the police, and the result of their inquiries accom- panied by the testimonials shall be handed over to a committee of three, consisting of the chair: man and two senior justices of this bench, for consideration and further investigation if deemed necessary, six days' notice to be given to the committee.' Mr. T. G. Osborn I have pleasure in second- ing that. It was understood that the proposition was approved by the justices, and the Chairman requested the Clerk to make a record of it. Mr. Amphlett (Messrs. Porter and Amphlett) applied for a full transfer of the license of the Rhos Abbey Hotel from William Dudley Dance to Philip Joynson Kent. At the last transfer sessions, the license was temporarily tranferred to Mr. Kent, whose testimonials had in the meantime been in the hands of the police superintendent, and he (Mr. Amphlett) had taken every care that it was possible for a solicitor to take, as, in law, it was not a solici- tor's business to verify testimonials. It was always his practice to send the testimonials to the superintendent of police for the district, to give him every opportunity of inquiring into them. The Chairman We are responsible, not you. We are responsible to the public. The usual rule has been this. The police make inquiries, and the bench generally ask the superinten- dent of police, if he is present, or Inspector Roberts, 'Are you satisfied with the testimo- nials of so-and-so, which you have received.' The officer generally says, Yes, we are per- fectly satisfied-, Then the court wishes to protect itself by going a step further, and ask- ing the police to submit these applications and testimonials to a committee of three of the bench, for them to consider as to whether they are satisfactory or not, and if they are not satisfied, they make further inquiries. We want to protect ourselves, and also we want to pro- tect the public. t herefore, in a sense, we wish to make it more difficult for either new licenses to be granted or existing ones to be transferred without the most strict and careful inquiry as to the antecedents of the applicant. Mr. Amphlett said he quite appreciated the purpose of the bench. In this case, the superintendent had known bhe applicant for ten years. Superintendent H. Jones (Denbigh) That is so. The Chairman observed that in the case of this applicant, six days' notice must be given to the committee. Mr. Amphlett: That resolution cannot pos- sibly affect me to-day. The Justices' Clerk (Mr. Oliver George) ex- plained that the law in this matter was set forth in section 40 subsection 2 of the Licensing Act, stipulating that the applicant should give fourteen days' notice to the overseer of the parish and to the superintendent of police set- ting forth the name of the person to whom it was proposed that the license should be trans- ferred, together with his place of abode and his J trade or calling during the six months preced- I ing. He took it that it was the duty of the I police, during those fourteen days, to make every inquiry, and if result of such inquiry was unsatisfactory, it would be quite sufficient for the justices to accept the report of the superintendent If not satisfied with the report, the court could adjourn the application to another transfer sessions. The whole object of that section was to enable the police to do their duty, and if they did not do it, they were the persons to be censured. The Chairman said it was for the bench to do their du,y. The Clerk—Certainly, in this court. If this matter is to be referred to a committee, I do not see how the applicant can be represented unless he appears before the committee, and that will mean two attendances, one before the committee and the other before the full court. The Chairman—He will have to refer to the full court. Mr. George-I refer to the committee. I do not say it is legally wrong to pass this resolu- tion, but it is most desirable that all the licenses shall be dealt with openly by the whole of the justices, as far as possible. The Chairinan-W.tli the clerk at their back ? Mr. George—You may have no clerk if you think proper, but as long as I have the honour of acting as your clerk, I have a duty to do, and I shall do it most conscientiously, and, as far as I can, justly and perfectly. The Clerk went on to refer to the hour of meeting of the court, saying that it would be more convenient to some of the magistrates, to the police officers and constables, to advocates living in Rhyl, Chester, and other places, and to himself, if the business began at eleven o'clock, instead of a quarter to that hour. He had spoken to some of the justices, who kindly and generously fell in with his view, and he asked the magistrates present to assent to the change. Mr. Joseph Jones proposed a resolution to that effect, but the Chairman moved that the matter be referred to the next meeting, due notice not having been given of it. Mr. Osborn seconded this, considering it un- wise to act hastily. He had no personal opinion in the matter, and only desired to consulb the convenience of the public generally. The amendment was carried. Mr. Dance, licensee of the Rhos Abbey Hotel, then entered the witness box, and stated that he applied for the transfer to Mr. Kent. He stated, in reply to Mr. Wood and Mr. Osborn, that he was not aware it was necessary for him to be present when the transfer was applied for before. He had then signed the notice of application. Mr. Kent stated that he had resided at the hotel since the temporary transfer, and would continue to do so. The application was then granted. On the application,of Mr. Amphlett, the courfe granted a license to Mrs. Margaret Porter, widow of the late Mr. John Porter, in respect of the Pwllycrochan Hotel, Colwyn Bay. Mr. Amphlett said he had an application to make to the bench in regard to the new rule adopted as to the licensing business. The Chairman-You have nothing to do with it. Mr. Amphlc-tt-I should like to have notice when I am to send testimonials. The Chairman-The police will make their proper inquiries and will report to the commit- tee. Mr. Amphlett-So it does nob concern the advocate. Very good, sir. A NEGLIGENT CONTRACTOR. Thomas Brown, contractor, of Chester, was summoned by Sergeant Tippitt for having, on December 5th, left a trench in the roadway, which had been opened for sewering operations in connection with the new Roman Catholic Church, Colwyn Bay, without proper fencing and lights during the night. Mr. Edward Bell, foreman for Mr. Brown, appeared to answer the charge and pleaded guilty. Orders were given, he said, to barricade the trench, but they were neglected by the workmen. The person who fell in had beea arranged with. A fine of 20s. and costs was imposed. MUDDY STREETS. The Chairman referred to the muddy condi- tion of the street leading from Station Road to the Police Office, and said it was high time the Urban District Council saw that it was properly paved. Mr. Bevan denied that the Council had any- thing to do with the road in question, it not being repairable by the public. The Chairman said the Surveyor told him it was to be brought before the Council. Mr. Wood said the road was almost impas- sable. He endeavoured to walk along it with a lady, and had to abandon the attempt. CRUELTY TO ANIMALS. Elias Jones Hughes, farmer, of Tygwyn, Llandrillo, was summoned by Inspector Fred Toyne, of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, on a charge of cruelty to a sheep on December 27th. The Inspector said that he found a Welsh ram with a leather strap fastened to its left foreleg and its neck, so that it had to limp along on three legs. A sup- purating wound had formed on the leg beneath the strap. When the defendant, at the witness's suggestion, removed the strap, the animal could not put the limb to theground. The defendant told witness that the strap was put on to pre- vent the ram from straying. A fine of 50s. and costs was inflicted, the severity of the penalty being partially in con- sequence of the defendant's non-appearance to answer the charge. The Chairman referred to the non-appear- ance, and said the court would not submit to be treated disrespectfully in this way. THE QUARRIES ACT. Daniel Vaughan and Peter Poole, quarrymen, of Llysfaen, were summoned by Mr. John Philip Faichney, manager of the Llysfaen and Pentre- gwyddel Quarries, for a breach of the quarry I regulations by blasting at an unauthorised hour. The defendants pleaded guilty. Mr. Faichney said the regulation was inten- ded for the protection of the quarrymen, and also of the public passing along the neighbour- ing highway. All blasting should be done at half past nine o'clock in the forenoon, and the defendants fired charges at 8.47 a.m. It was, however, explained that the blasting was inten- ded to dislodge a boulder left after a previous discharge, and was therefore of a less violent character than that of the ordinary explosions. The defendants were ordered to pay a penalty of 5s. each and costs.

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