FARMERS' COLUMN. Mr. Peel an official of the Privy Council, giving evidence on Friday July G, before the select committee on the cattle pligue, stated that the restrictions put in force throughout the country in consequence of the recent outbreak of cattle plague had been "revoked, with the exception of the cordon round the metro- polis -Professor Brown, who was also examined, stated that the cattle plague had disappeared from the country, and that the regulations adopted for the purpose of stampin it out had also had the effect of considerably reducing the foot-and-mouth '^Ano^el form of disease amongst cattle has just broken out at Brighton, near Sheffield. In a case which came before the magistrates of the Elkington Police Division, on Monday, July 9th? the cattle on the farm of Mr. John Burrows were stated to have suffered severely from the malady nine* beasts; and three pigs having died from a recent attack. Mr.. loore, of the Council Office, Liverpool, inspected toe cases, and reported that the disease was splenic apoplexy. This it was subsequently as- certained did not come within the Contagious Diseases (Ani- mals) Act; but precautions are to be taken to prevent its spread. At ameeting of the Council of the Royal Agricultural Society, •held on Wednesday, July 4, it was reported that at the present time all the regulations which were made by various local authorities unde? the Cattle Plague Order of 1877 have ceased to operate, and the movement of stock in this country is free, With the single exception of the metropolis. The Metropolitan Cattle Pla-me Order of 1877, under the provisions of which cattle sheep and goats are confined within the metropolitan boundaries still remains in force. The necessity for this will be apparent when it is stated that in all the premises where cattle boundaries still remains in force. The necessity for this will be apparent when it is stated that in all the premises where cattle plague has existed, fresh stock have been or are now being introduced, and it will consequently be necessary to keep these animals under supervision for some time, in order to avoid the ■danger which would be incurred should an outbreak occur on previously infected premises, and any infected animals are sent to the Metropolitan Market, and thence removed to various I parts of the country, It is hoped that in a short time this only remaining restriction on the free movement of cattle m tne country may be removed.
AGRICULTURAL PROGRESS. (From the Agricultural Gazette.) The enormous extension of the manure manufacture, the com- plete change which purchased cattle foods have created in the meat manufacture, and the almost innversal substitution of horse and steam-driven agricraturalmaclnneryforthehunfl- worked tool, are the three leading alterations of English agri- culture which have been witnessed dunng the nterval between the two Liverpool meetings of the Royal Agricultural Society of England. You can harSly enter any English harbour whose shipping has not cattle foods and artificial manures aboard— hardly any county town where some tall chimney does not mark out the site of a superphosphate factory not one where the Work of a hundred departed village ploughwnghts is not done more perfectly in an agricultural implement manufactory. And, taking the farms one by one all over the country, whether in Scotland, Wales, or England, what a change is seen! The heaviest and most tangled grass crops are now falling easily and perfectly before the horse-drawn mower. The reaping machine already bunches and will soon tie the ripened grain crop in 1 the already bunches and will soon tie the ripened grain crop inthe fields. Corn and cake crurhers are everywhere engaged in re- ducing cake and grinding grain for cattle and sheep on pastures tluring summer, and on turnips during winter. The threshing machine, with its locomotive engine, the great novelty" exhi" bited by Messrs. Ransome at the last Liverpool meeting, now everywhere comes to prepare the grain for market. The steam plough is almost universally at work. The impulse given by the advent of the guano ship in 1840--by the writings of Baron Liebig about the same time, and by the commercial activity con- f sequent on free trade, has been fruitful ever since. The true relationship of landlord and tenant is better understood, and more frankly acted on-the scope for tenfold activity and energy Which agriculture, thus assisted, offers is being realised— heavier crops are won; and notwithstanding that we more and more fail of satisfying our consumers, an immensely greater produce is achieved. Whether farm profits are greater than they were is doubtful. The expenses are much heavier, the risks incurred are much more numerous, the difficulties, especially as regards the labour question, are much heavier. The foot-and-mouth disease, pleuro- pneumonia, the cattle plague, the sheep pox, have all appeared among us since the commencement of the career of the Koyal Agricultural Society. Some of them have come of that free trade which has so roughly, if in the long run wholesomely, Wakened us all up. The potato disease is a disaster of the in- terval since 1841. The Colorado beetle threatens us. Nor must We suppose that these difficulties have been overcome. English agriculture indeed survives, as it always will, and the fields yield more than ever they have done, hut many a farm has changed hands, and many a tenant farmer has been ruined in the | course of the rough education to which the agricultural expe- rience of the last thirty years has subjected us. Every agricultural class has had its share in the labour, the expense, and the reward of whatever kind. Landlords have' expensively effected permanent improvements in their property, by drains and roads and buildings. Farmers have immensely Extended their outlay. Labourers -well labourers have struck for higher wages. We do not see that they have had any Oiixed experience whatever. It has been good throughout for them. Attention has been devoted, not before it was wanted, to their cottages, to village "sanitation," and to education. Wages have been rising, notwithstanding that all the heaviest Work is now taken out of the labourer's hands. His circum- stances-except when he wastes his means at the ale-house- have been improving everywhere. His good fortune appears to Us to be altogether without drawback or exception. That of his employer is more varied. Only the energetic and the wide- awake have prospered, but for some of these there has been a rare reward. Let us hope that the progress of the future may be seen in the more general extension of what is now exceptional. The highest merit now is, perhaps, no higher than it used to be —the best wheats and roots and beasts and sheep were as «'ood generation back as they are at present. It is the rule of afcricultural progress, when it is based on sounder and more general professional education of landlords as well as tenants, to make that universal which is now exceptional. When those Experiences in the field and fold and feeding stall, which have been agricultural maxitna, shall become the ordinary rule, then though wages, rents, and risks, should run even Jhigher than they are at present, population increasing meanwhile as rapidly as ever, English agriculturists will reap a larger profit, and at length achieve a more complete success in the effort to produce sufficient home-grown food for the maintenance of the English People.
MARKET REPORTS. CORN AVERAGES, For the week ending July 7. The following are the quantities sold and the prices this year and last year:— QUANTITIES SOLD. PRICES. This year. Last year. This year. Last year. Wheat 17,974 21,780 61s. 5d. 48s. 6d. Barley 441 105 35s. 6d. 34s. 9d. Oats 899 294 27s. lOd. 30s. 9d. Corn, &c. LIVERPOOL, TUESDAY.—The wheat trade this morning was active, at an advance of about 2d. since Friday, or of 4d. to 5d. cental on the week for white descriptions. Reds were from 2d. to 3d. dearer. Flour Is. sack in sellers' favour. Beans and peas unaltered. Indian corn 24s. 9d. :ij! quarter. PRICES (this day). a. d. s. d. American Wheat, IR cental of 100 lbs 10 9 to 12 3 English Flour, 280 lbs .43 0 49 0 Foreigs Barley, li 60 Ibs. 3 0 3 6 English Oats, 45 lbs 3 9 4 6 Egyptian Beans,$480 lbs. 30 0 31 0 Indian corn, American new white 26 0 26 6 mixed American.24 9 25 9 LONDON, WEDNESDAY.—Wheat met a quiet trade at late values. Flour without change. Grinding barley firm at previous rates. Oats steady, at Monday's prices. Maize held for a slight advance. Beans and peas very quiet.—Arrivals: British wheat, 220 quarters Foreign wheat, 32,440 quarters; barley, nil; oats, 40,190 quarters; maize, 6,610 quarters; flour, 500 Backs. CURRENT PRICES OF GRAIN AT MARK LANE. Shillings P qr. Wheat, new Essex and Kent (white) 61 to 66 Ditto ditto (red). 58 64 Wheat, Norfolk, Lincoln, and Yorkshire (red) 56 60 Barley (Chevalier) 47 55 Oats, English feed 25 30 Beans (Mazagan) 30 34 teas, white boilers (English) 36 40 „ (foreign). 39 40 Maize 26 29 Flour, best Town Households, ?* sack of 280 lbs., 49s. to 56s. WAKEFIELD, FRIDAY.—There was a limited business doing at our market this morning, and prices must be quoted the same as last week. Beans fully as dear. Other articles unchanged. LIVERPOOL, FRIDAY.—There was a good demand for wheat, at an advance of 3d. 39 cental since Tuesday. Flour was quiet, and closed without material alteration in value. Indian corn Was in fair request, at 24s. 6d. quarter for new mixed SHREWSBURY, SATUltDAY.- There was a small show of grain of all kinds in this market, and the attendance both of buyers and sellers was very small. Prices were =• u. s. a. White Wheat,$75 lbs. @10 0 Red ditto, » 8 Barley (malting), # 33 quarts J ° Oats, V 225 lbs 22 0 23 6 Beans,$225 lbs 21 6 2J> 6 Malt,$imperial bushel 8 9 9 2 CHESTER, ISATURDAY. At this market prices of wheat Were somewhat firmer than a weik ago, red being worth 9s.. 3d. to 9s. 6d. bushel. WELSHPOOL, MONDAY.—Wheat, 9s. 6d. to 10s. od. IR 80 Ibs.; barley, Os. Od. to Os. Od 40 quarts; oats, 22s. 6d to 24s. Od <¡¡I bag; eggs, 00 to 14 for a shilling; butter, Is. 2d. to Is. 4d.$lb.; fowls, 4s. 6d. to 5s Od.$couple; ducks, 5s. 6d. to 6s. Od.$ couple; geese, 0s.Od to00s. od. each.; turkeys, 00s. 0d. to 06s. Od. each. v NEWTOWN, TUESDAY (July 10).—Wheat, 0s. Od. to 0s. Od.$ bushel; barley, 0s. Od. to 0s. 0d.; oats, 00s. to 00s$bag; eggs, 00 to 14 for a shilling; butter, Is. Id. to la. 2d. lb.; fowls, 4s. 6d to 5s. 6d. couple; ducks, 5s. Od. to 5s. 6d. ¥ couple; geese, Qs. Od. to Os. Od. each; turkeys, Os. od. to Os. Od. each; potatoes, 6 lbs. for sixpence; beef, 7d. to 9u.$lb.; mutton, 9d. to 10jd.; veal, 7d. to 8d.; pork, 7*d. to 8id. OSWESTRY, WEDNESDAY (July ll).-The following were the quotations: Wheat 9s. 6d. to 9s. 9d. V busliel barley (malt- Ing), Os. Od. to Os. Od.; oats, 4s. 3d. to 4s 9d.; butter, Is. 2d. to Is. 3d.$tt> eggs, 0 to 13 for a shilling; fowls, 3s. 6d. to 4s. Od. couple: duclcs, 0s. Od. to (>9.0d-couple geese, Os. Od. to 0d. each; turkeys, 00s. 0d. to 00s. Od. each; potatoes, o ft>s. to 3 lbs for sixpence. Cattle. LIVERPOOL, MONDAY.—The stock on offer consisted of 1,906 leasts and 10,223 sheep and lambs, included in which were 440 prime foreign cattle. There was a large attendance of buyers, a Brisk trade, and a good clearance effected. ,,weZeJn favour of sellers.—Quotations: Best beasts, 9a. to 94a. lb.: Second ditto, 8d. to 8id.; sheep, lOd. to 10id.; lambs, lojd. to !ld. tb. METROPOLITAN, MONDAY.-There was an excellent supply ■of beasts as regards quality. The arrivals from summer grazing districts come to hand in prime condition. Trade very brisk at a rise of quite 4d.$stone; prime grass-fed oxen were quoted 6s. 4d.$stone, and the market was nearly cleared; foreign ex- hibited a similar advance. Choice Downs quite as dear larger breeds of sheep a heavy trade at barely late rates. A good demand for lamb. Calves and pigs maintained their value.— "rices; — Beef, 4s. 6d. to 6s. 4(1.; mutton, 5s. 6d. to 6s. 8cL 5s. od. to 6s. 4d.; pork, 4s. Od. to 5s. 0d.; lamb, 7s. Od. to as. Od. The stock on offer consisted of 2,680 beasts, 11,800 *heep, 60 calves, and 20 pigs; included in which were 830 foreign beasts ami 500 sheep. BIRMINGHAM, TUESDAY.—The supbly of beasts was less J""an on Tuesday last. Sales progressed steadily. Sheep and •anabs were a moderate number, which met a fair enquiry. Fat tlgS were a limited supply trade slow.-To-day's prices were eef, 71d to 9d$lb.; mutton, Bd. to 9id.; lamb, Sid. to 10id.; ^aeon pigs, 8s. Od. to 10s. 3d qO score; porket ditto, 10s. 6d. to l'ls. Od. SALFORD, TUESDAY. The supply of all descriptions of -8tock on offer was larger than on last Tuesday. A slow trade ^as done in beasts, arid prices had a weakening tendency. There *ere about 500 foreign beasts penned, including 300 Spanish, *Jhich fetched Bid. te 9d. lb. A fair demand prevailed for and lambs, the former making Jd. to id. more money, Tn<vi latter could be bought on slightly easier terms. Only business was done in calves.—The quotations were: aiii 7Jd. to 9Jd.$tb^ mutton, 8<L to lOJd; lamb. lOd. to ia-i veal, 6id. to 8id. I
PENNAL. PETTY SESSIONS, FRIDAY, JULY 6TH.-Before C. F. Thruston, Esq., Capt. Ford, and C. N. Thruston, Esq. Drunkenness.—David Jones, mason, Wesleyan Court, Dolgelley, charged by P.C. W. Jones, with having been drunk and riotous, was fined 18s. 6d., and costs William Williams, mason, Penuchardref, same offence, fined 18s. Gd., and costs; William Edwards, Talyllyn-terrace, Aber- gynolwyn, same offence, defendant not appearing, was fined 40s., and costs; John Williams, Llanerchgoedio^, 11 91 lowyn, charged by P.C. W. Jones, with having been drunk whilst in charge of a horse, was fined 20s., and costs; John Lloyd, quarry man, Rhognant, Talyllyn charged by P.C. C. Ashton, with having been drunk, was tinea 10s., and costs; James Evans, quarryman, Gwern- uchat, Corns, same offence, fined 9s., and costs; Joseph oims, charged by P.S. Roberts, with having been drunk and riotous, fined 18s. 6d., and costs Angell Jones, Aber- dovey, was fined 10s. on a charge of drunkenness; Row- land Jones, charged by P.S. Roberts with drunkenness, fined 10s. and costs; Richard Hughes, National-street, owyn, charged with having been drunk, by P.C. W. Jones, case dismissed on payment of costs. Breaches of Peace.-Hugh Jones, Pennal, having charged Selma Williams Factory Uchaf, Pennal with an [assault, defendants husband was bound over to see that his wife kept the peace for twelve months; Joseph Sims, charged by P.S Roberts, with having assaulted him in the execution of his duty, was also bound over to keep the peace for twelve months. Game Trespasses.—Owen Arthur, Machynlleth charged John Arthur, Graigfach, Machynlleth, with having tres- passed in pursuit of game. Defendant appeared, admitted the charge, and was fined 20s., and costs; Owen Arthur also charged John Jones, labourer, Machynlleth, with a similar offence. Defendant admitted, and was fined 20s. and costs. Keeping Dogs without Licences.-Thomas Lavender, officer of excise, charged Edward Hughes, Talyllyn, with having kept a dog without a licence. The defendant, who was represented in court by his father, was fined £1 5s.—Thomas Roberts, Talyllyn, and William Jones, Towyn, was also each fined £1 5s., for similar offences.
LLANGOLLEN. LOCAL BOARD, THURSDAY, JULY 5.-Present, Mr. S. G. Fell, chairman, Captain Best, Major Tottenham, Messrs. S. Hughes, T. Hughes, William Jones, Edward Roberts, E. H. Roberts, C. S. Richards, deputy clerk, and T. Edmunds, surveyor. Rates on Cottages.-A letter was read from Messrs. M. Coward and Co., referring to the rule adopted by the Board in collecting the last rate from the owners of cot- tages under 4:10, and not from the occupiers, as heretofore. Mr. Edward Roberts remarked that he had always been subject to that rule.—The Collector said that it had not been hitherto universally applied.—Finally it was agreed that the Clerk should reply to the letter, stating that it was no new law, and that it was the intention of the Board to put it in general force for the future. Ruined Houses.-A letter was read from one of the owners of the houses in Penllyn, which were ordered to be taken down, praying for more time, in order to arrange with the other joint-owners.—A month was granted by the Board. Medical Officer's Roport.-The following report of Dr. Drinkwater, the Public Medical Officer, was read:— Population, 3,000; acreage, 3,200. Llangollen, July 5th, 1877. To the Chairman and Members of the Llangollen Local Board of Health. Gentlemen,—During the last few months there have been a few lingering cases of zymotic diseases, which are now, how- ever, nearly eradicated, having used disinfectants and isolation after infection, also preventing all the children from homes suffering from zymotic diseases going to school, it has proved most effectual in preventing the spread of the disease. In many of the small squares large quantities of refuse have been removed, and many of the owners of property have been re- quested to make water closets instead of open privies, which is a great jmprovement to their property and also to the health of the locality. I have had great assistance from your Chairman and Inspector of Nuisances in reporting to me any cases of infectious contagious diseases, which I have attended to as quickly as possible. I have not received the rates of mortality from the Registrar for the last three months, which prevents me from including it in this report, but I shall do so as soon as I receive it.—I remain, gentlemen, your obedient servant, J. P. DRINEWATER, Medical Officer of Health." The report was c6nsidered satisfactory, and it was ordered that in future the Clerk should procure from the Registrar quarterly returns of the rates of mortality, as it involved no extra expense, the entries being charged for at the rate of twopence each. The Gwernant Road.-The Chairman read the order of the Magistrates in respect to the above road, and a cheque for B20 9s., the amount of costs in this case, was ordered to be drawn out.—Mr. W. Jones wished to know whether any particulars of costs were stated in the order if not, whether they could not be obtained.—Captain Best re- plied that Mr. Richa.rds's instructions to the magistrates were that the details of costs need not be stated, and Mr. Yale was also of th same opinion.—Major Tottenham, referring to the order for putting the road in repair in order to be reported upon to the next Magistrates' meeting to be held on the 31st July, could not see how that could possibly be done at this time of the year.—The Chairman said that the road had been repaired, but that it was continually being cut up by lugging timber over it. Erection of Signboards.—Mr. Fell brought forward a motion to the effect that it be an instruction to the Committee of Works to place direction boards in places where they thought desirable.—The Chairman, in moving this resolution, remarked that there was at present noth- ing to show strangers the roads and paths leading out of the town, and that it would also be to the interest of the public that many public paths should be protected by placing suitable signboards at various points. The resolution was carried unanimously. Mr. Lloyd (Pengwern's) Bill.-Mr. Fell stated that Mr. Lloyd had expressed himself aggrieved that a bill of about k3 sent by him to the Board for stones placed on the road had not been paid in full. The balance was, therefore, ordered to be paid. The Rea-cation G)-ouiid.-The Chairman remarked that it had been suggested that the Board should erect a gymnasium in the Recreation Ground, and he was of opinion that the suggestion was a wise one, and one that might to some extent be carried out.—On the motion of Captain Best the subject was referred to the Works Com- mittee. Surveyor's Report.-This report was as follows :— I beg to inform yon that there exists a great nuisance on premises at the Gerant belonging to Mr. John Roberts, Eirianallt, caused by the privy not being properly cleaned, and also by its being too near the bakehouse. I have given Mr. Roberts notice to abate the nuisance on or before next Saturdav. Reservoir.—I beg to recommend to you, in compliance with the order of the Works Committee, that the woodwork of the reservoir should be repaired and painted, and that the highest part of the inner side of the wall around the same should be pro- vided with cement. Urinals.—I am not in a position to supply you with estimates of urinals, except for iron ones, the cost of which vary, for one person, from £ 3 10s. to £ 18 18s 6d. each. Number 5 in the catalogue, at 410 lis. 3d., for three persons, would I believe suit us. Mr. Fell, Mr. S. Hughes, and I inspected a privy in Willow-street belonging to Mr. John Kendrick which was a cause of great nuisance, the cesspit being too small, and the drainage insufficient. It has since then been cleaned out, but no permanent improvement has been effected. I have collected and paid to the bank .£728 15s. leaving about ie3SO still uncollected.—Your obedient servant, THOS. EDMUNDS. The several matters dealt with in the report were con- sidered, and resolutions adopted thereon. The Repairs of the County Bridges.—A reply from the County Surveyor in reference to the terms agreed upon by the Board as to the amount charged for keeping the bridges within the district in repair was read, in which it was stated that the Board must surely be labouring under a mistake. After a short discussion, the resorntion of the last Board to discontinue the care of these bridge*, unless 212 were paid, was confirmed. Notice of Motion.—Mr. Fell gave notice that at the next meeting he would move the following resolution- "That inasmuch as Mr. Richards is professionally employed by so many conflicting interests, and thereby rendered unable impartially to advise the Board, it is in- expedient he should continue to act as its clerk." Plans of New Houses.-Plans of new cottages to be erected at the top of the Hand Drive were submitted for the approval of the Board. The site was considered very confined, and the proposal to erect closets in front strongly condemned. It was suggested that the buildings be raised 6in. above the road, and brought forward a yard nearer the street in order to secure proper ventilation. Finance.-Cheques for various amounts were ordered to be drawn.
TRE'RDDOL. PETTY SESSIONS, THURSDAY, JULY 5.—Before H. C. Fryer, Esq., George Paddock, Esq.. and G. G. Wil- liams, Esq. Explosives Act.—Thomas Thompson, manager of the Ystrad Einion Lead Mine, applied on behalf of Mr. Adam Mason for a licence for the storage of mixed explosives for the use of the mine.—The application was granted. Alleged Damage.—David Roderick charged Evan Jenkins with having committed damage by going over pastures.—The case was dismissed. Licenre.—A licence was granted to Mr. Samuel Bluck for the Prince of Wales public-house at Borth.
LLANYCHAIARN. SCHOOL BOARD.—The monthly meeting of the Llanv- chaiarn School Board was held on Thursday. July 5, there being present Mr. Vaughan Davies, Major Phelp, Mr. John James, Mr. Edward Lloyd, Mr. John Jenicins, and Mr. David Jones. This being the first meeting after the election, the Clerk stated that the Board would have to proceed with the election of chairman and vice-chairman for the current three years.—Mr. John James said he thought before proposing a. chairman it was the duty of the Board to pass a vote of thanks to Mr. Vaughan Davies for the able and satisfactory manner in which he had discharged the duties of chairman for the past three years. He had been most attentive and regular in his attendance, and had evidently a great interest in the work. He (Mr. James) had, therefore, great pleasure in proposing that a vote of thanks be given to Mr. Vaughan Davies.—Major Phelp seconded the proposition with great pleasure, entirely endorsing the words used by Mr. James, for undoubtedly Mr. Davies had given his undivided attention to the duties he had undertaken, and had per- formed them with credit to himself and the Board. Major Phelp then put the resolution to the meeting, and it was carried unanimously.—Major Phelp re- marked that as Mr. Yaughan Davies had given such satisfaction, he would propose his re-election as chair- man.—The proposition was seconded by Mr. John James, and carried.—Mr. Vaughan Davies, on tak- ing the chair, cordially thanked the Board for their continued confidence in him by re-electing him as their chairman. The members of the late Board had worked harmoniously, for it was a fact to be seen that not a single amendment was recorded on the minutes of the Board during its term of office. Although there had been slight differences of opinion occasionally at the commencement of debates, the decisions were generally unanimously arrived at. He did not believe another Board in the county could say so much as that of its proceedings. The Board should bear in mind that a great deal of work had been accomplished; a site for the school purchased, the buildings erected, a staff of teachers engaged, and the compulsory powers of the Education Act put in force. Besides that, the school had been in working order for twelve months. The Board now, instead of having to carry out, as in the past, permanent work which re- quired much time and attention, would be able to see the results of what they had accomplished. He was very much obliged to the Board for the compliment paid him, and also for the assistance rendered to him during the past three years by the members and officers of the Board. He sincerely trusted the Board would work as unanimously in the future as it had in the past.— Major Phelp rose to propose Mr. John James as vice- chairman, doing so for two reasons. Mr. James was a well-known, shrewd, and thorough man of business, and who could therefore take the chairman's place in his absence. The second reason was that the contributory district of Llanbadarn Lower should be officially represented on the Board, in order to give satisfaction to the ratepayers of that division.—Mr. Edward Lloyd, the late vice-chairman, seconded the proposition, which, being put to the meeting, was carried unanimously.—Mr. John James expressed his surprise at being elected vice-chair- man. He would, however, endeavour to discharge the duties of the office to the best of his ability.
LLANILAR. PETTY SESSIONS, FRIDAY, JULY 6.—Before Morris Davies, Esq., and G. W. Parry, Esq. Trespassing in the Day Time.—Lewis Ma.son, Ty'n- bwlch, Llanfihangel Croyddin, was charged by John Humphreys, Talgarth Cottage, Llanafan, gamekeeper, with trespassing in the day time in search of game on land in the possession of the Right Hon. the Earl of Lisburne, on the 28th of June. Defendant had a double barrelled gun with him. He also had a rabbit in his pos- session.—Fined £1, and costs. Wilful Damage.—David Jones, Hafodglas Ucha, Llan- gwryfon, farm servant, was charged by David Evans, Hafodglas Issa, with committing wilful damage to certain corn growing in the complainant's field, to an extent not exceeding £5. Complainant said he had seen defendant on several occasions treading down his corn.—Fined 5s., and costs, and 6d. damage. Drunkenness.—John Evans, Blaenddol Fach, Llanafan, was charged with drunkenness, and fined 5s., and costs. Using Threatening Language and Edwards, Blaendyffryn, Cwmystwyrl, was charged by Mary Williams with these offences, on the 9th of May. Mr. Griffith Jones appeared for complainant, and Mr. J. W. Thomas for defendant. Complainant said that de- fendant's dog jumped at her. Defendant behaved inde- cently towards her. Owing to the fright she received on that day from defendant, she was in bed for a fortnight. —Cross-examined Bought some wool from defendants' daughter some years ago, and there was an old feud between complainant and defendant, but the ill-feeling was on the part of defendant. She had a dog with her and defendant had two dogs. The dogs did not fight. Defendant struck her,—Re-examined: Did nothing to provoke defendant.—By the Bench Her fortnight's ill- ness arose entirely from the behaviour of the defendant.— Mr. R. Rowland, surgeon, said he was consulted by the complainant in May last. Attended her about a week from the 11th of May. Found her very excited.—Sarah Jones gave evidence in favour of defendant, her father, and said when the conversation between complainant and defendant took place they were about twenty yards apart. Mary Edwards, another daughter of defendant, gave evi- dence in favour of defendant.—Fined JE1, and costs, and bound over in £20 to keep the peace for six months. I Allowing Horses to Stray.— Edward Edwards, Pendre- felin, Yspytty, Ystwyth, was charged with allowing two horses to stray in the parssh of Yspytty Ystwyth, on the 26th of June. P.C. Davies proved the case, and defend- ant was fined Is., and costs. Drunkenness.—David Jones. Pwllypridd, Lledrod, was charged by Supt. Lloyd, with being drunk whilst in charge of a horse and cart, on the 14th of June, in the parish of Llanbadarn-fawr.—Supt. Lloyd gave evidence in support of the case, but in justice to the prisoner, said he had been told defendant suffered from paralysis.—The defendant's father was called, and admitted he had had a little drop of drink.—Fined 5s., and costs.
ABERYSTWYTH. GUARDIANS.—Mr. Abraham James and not Mr. Jones, Tre'rddol, seconded the appointment of the general servant at the meeting last week. FOR WANT OF KNOWING BETTER.—Last Sunday after- noon a swarm of young bees pitched upon the corner of the wall near the Skating Rink. A crowd of boys as- sembled and before many hours had passed the busy little insects had been pelted to death by stones. VILU. REIDEXCE. The want of "desirable villa residences" long felt by those who have the good of the town at heart, is at last about to be supplied bv Mr. R. E. Williams, builder, the son of Mr. Roderick Williams, on the Llanbadarn-road. The villas are to be detached, with conservatories, stables, and flower and kitchen gardens adjoining. EXCURSION.—On Tuesday morning the Teify Side steamer brought into the town about 300 excursionists from Cardigan, from which place they started near six o'clock, arriving at Aberystwyth about eleven. On being taken to shore in boats one young lady slipped between the steamer and the boat. As she was quickly picked up she only suffered a wetting and a little inconvenient attentiou on the part of the spectators. ODDKELLOWSHIP.—The fifty-eighth half-yearly com- mittee of the Aberystwyth district of the Independent Order of Oddfellows, M.U., was held at the Town Hall, Aberystwyth, on Friday, July 6th. Present: District Officers Thos. Garland, G.M., presiding, H. Humphreys, D.G.M., J. J. Griffiths, Prov. C.S., John Richards, P.G. Treasurer, and Thomas Griffiths, P.G. Examiner. De- puties present:—St. David's Lodge Edw. Jones, P.G., Edmund Joseph, P.G., Thomas Thomas, P.G., John Lloyd, N.G. Rheidol Lodge: Evan Jenkins, P.P.G.M., Isaac Hopkins, P.G., Thomas Jones, P.G. Temple of Love Lodge John Davies, P.G., Thomas Humphreys, V.G. St. John's Lodge Robert Uren, P.P.G.M., John Lewis, P.P.G.M., David Edwards, P.G., George Evans, N.G. Cambrian Lodge David Williams, P.G., John Evans, sec. Llynlleoedd Lodge J. B. Davies, P.G. St. Padam's Lodge Edward Williams, P.P.G.M., David Jones, Ec. Sec. Gogerddan Lodge: David Jenkins, P.G. Iolo Goch Lodge John Jones, P.G, In accord- ance with established custom, the Grand Master delivered an appropriate address, and congratulated the deputies upon the continued prosperity of the district, and was received with loud cheers. The Prov. C.S. J. J. Griffiths read the minutes of the last district meeting, and stated that seventy-five new members were initiated during last year, and that the funds of the district had also increased £369 2s. 4d. during the same period. Present capital of the district is £3,548 2s. 7d., and the unusually large sum of jE315 has been voted by the meeting towards the funeral expenses of deceased members during the last twelve months. Henry Humphreys (post master), D.G.M., was proposed to be the Grand Master of the District. Morris Jones (surgeon), P.G., Thomas Jones, P.G., John Evans, P.G., and John Hughes, P.P.G.M., were pro- posed to be Deputy Grand Master of the District. A vote of thanks to the district officers terminated the proceed- ings of most enjoyable meeting. RURAL SANITARY AUTHORITY, MONDAY, JULY 9.-Present Major Lloyd-Philipps. chairman, Messrs. H. C,. Fr -%Iorris -yer, John Paull. John Jones, Ire rddol, John Morgan. Gwarallt, Griffith Morgan, JAugh Hughes, clerk, Messrs. Thomas Jones and J. E, Hughes, medical officers, and Air. David Jones, in« spector. Llanilar Water Supplg.Tlie Chairman said he had had a very satisfactory interview with Mr. Loxdale, of Castle Hill, respecting the water supply of Llanilar. That gentleman had informed him (the chairman) that he hact employed an engineer or surveyor, who had inspected several sources. Mr. LoxJale said he had promised nothing, but if the people only left him alone, it was very probable he should bring water to the village. He had been to a great deal of expense lately, but if let alone there was no doubt he would provide a good supply of water for Llanilar.—Mr. G. G. Williams, who was in the room, remarked that it was better to leave well alone, but not leave the well of water alone. (A laugh.)—The Chairman added that Mr. Loxdale had been to a great deal of expense lately, and had done a great deal of good to the illage.—The Board were generally of opinion that it would be well to leave the matter in the hands of Mr. Loxdale. Improvements.—The Chairman read a letter from Major Phelp, stating that he had been told by Mr. Jones that the drain complained of at the last meeting at Nanteos ii •? rnf a*jtended to as soon as attention had been called to it. lhe Inspector reported that the work had been done properly and promptly.—In accordance with a wish expressed by Major Phelp, the medical officer, Mr. Hughes, was directed to report upon the state of the drain at the next meeting.-The Chairman also read a letter from Mr. J. Parry, Rhvdyferian, stating that he could not attend to the drain running into the road until the hay had been got in, as the drain would have to be taken through the field. The Inspector's Report.-)Ir. David Jones, the Inspector, reported that according to the Board's orders he had visited the Llawr Cwm Bach Mines, and found that actual steps had been taken to purify the water polluted by mining operations before it entered the river Lerry. There are fresh complaints, loud and indignant," the Inspector continued, from Dolypandy (Melindwr) Village, on account that the water supply, just before en- tering the pipe which conveys the same into the cistern from which the villagers draw the water, is completely polluted at times in the field belonging to Maesybangor farm, by cattle, geese, and even pigs entering it. This is the third time the complaint has been made to the Board. Every summer for the past four or five years the same thing occurs, but this time worse than ever."—Mr. Fryer explained that the water had been provided bv the Goginan Mining Company, in consequence of the pollution of the Melindwr stream. All that was now required was some temporary arrangement, as the water came from the same spring as it was intended to get the Aberystwyth water supply from, and the Council intended supplying all the villages en route.—The Clerk remarked that the work would not be done for a year or two.—Mr. G. G. Williams observed that it would take another ten years to talk about the matter.—The Clerk stated that the scheme would not be carried out for some time to come.—Mr. Fryer thought it would.-The Clerk said notice., had been given, but nothing would be done next winter. They would "try what the Flats did first.The Chairman suggested that a meeting of the parishioners should be held in order that some amicable arrangement might be brought about. -The Inspector said the people would not arrange among themselves, as they would fall out in a most violent way.—It was agreed, after further conversation, to ask Mr. Paull to wait upon Capt. Trevethan, requesting him to do something to remedy the complaint, and also to at- tend a meeting of the Sanitary Committee. Borth Parochial Committee.—The Chairman read the minutes of the Borth Parochial Committee by which it appeared nothing had been done towards supplying the village with water, except asking Mr. George Lewis, Os- westry, what terms he would name for supplying water.
DENBIGHSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS. These Sessions commenced on Thursday, July 5th, at the County Hall, Ruthin, under the presidency of Mr. Thos. Hughes, Ystrad, Chairman. A police rate of d. in the pound, and a county rate of id. in the pound, were sanctioned. The Chief Constable reported that there had been thirteen indictable offences committed during the quarter, 389 persons had been proceeded against summarily, and twenty-three petty larcenies had been committed. Property to the amount of £ 34 7s. 3d. had been stolen. There was a decrease of thirteen in indictable offences. There were eight cases for trial at the sessions. Discussion took place on an application from Mr. Bancroft, county analyst, for compensation on account of having been sus- pended from his office since June, 1875. It was agreed that he be paid je25 in compensation for his loss during the suspension. It was agreed that a schoolmaster for the military prisoners in the gaol be appointed, at a salary of £ 52 per annum, and an increase of A:25 was made to the salary of the chaplain on the same ground. Messrs. Henry Davis Pochin, Bodwod Hall, Conway, and A. Walker, Nant y-Glyn Hall, Conway, were sworn in as new magisl trates. The country was reported free from foot-and-mouth disease. The Court met for the trial of prisoners on Friday. Francis Jones, labourer, was indicted for maliciously wounding Thomas Jones, at Denbigh, on the 16th June.—Mr. Hilton pro- secuted prisoner was undefended.—There was no defence, and the prisoner having admitted several previous convictions, was sentenced to five years' penal servitude. Richard Jones, labourer, pleaded guilty to having stolen, at Ruthin, on the 7th April, 47 2s. 6d., the money of Thomas Wm. Jones. Sentenced to four months' imprisonment with hard labour. An appeal by William Bradbury, Castle Hotel, Ruthin, against a conviction for permitting drunkenness, was unsuc- cessful—In an appeal case as to a pauper's removal between Bangor and Wrexham unions, the proceedings were stayed. Carnarvon Union agreed to be the one liable. Mary Anne Pinnock, alias Lee, servant, pleaded guiltv to stealing one silk umbrella and two pairs of sleeve links, at Llan- ddulas, on May 16, the property of Elizabeth Williams. Pri- soner also pleaded guilty to obtaining a purse containing ]0s„ from Sarah Williams, at Denbigh, on May She also pleadeq guilty to two previous convictions at Manchester, Committed for eighteen months. Sarah Elizabeth Jones, a domestic servant, was charged with having at Llangollen, on March 20, feloniously broken and en- tered the dwelling-hcuse of loan Roberts, and therein stolen a quantity of wearing apparel and other articles, the goods and chattels of the said loan Roberts.—Prisoner pleaded guilty, and Mr. Clement Higgins, who defended, called several witnesses to character.—Having been already imprisoned for three months, she was seutenced to four months' imprisonment, and her em- ployer reprimanded. The bill was thrown out against Edward Roberts for having, at Wrexham. on the 24th day of April, 1877, stolen one purse, containing tl 3s. 6d., the property of Thomas Tobin.—The .iury also threw out the bill against Owen Jones, a lad, for testiality at Eglwysfach.
THE CASE OF CRUELTY TO PAUPER CHILDREN AT NANTWICH AXD THE BOARDING-OUT SYSTEM. On Tuesday, July 3, at the Cheshire Quarter Sessions, the case of cruelty to pauper children at Nantwicb bv a man named Sudlow and his wifej wZa hea1. ';e Gnair man, in summing up, said that it was time Poor-law Boards Inquired into the whole subject of boarding out pauper children. The jury returned a verdict of quiltv, and said the evidence reflected upon Gouldbourne, the guardian who had the supervision of the children. The Chairman, in passing thesentence—which certainly did not err on the side of severity-of nine months' imprisonment on Richard Sudlow, and fifteen months on Anne Sudlow, strongly commented on the defects of a system which al- lowed the perpetration of such fiendish cruelty. In the House of Lords, on Thursday, July Lord Enfield asked the noble duke the Lord President of the Council whether the attention of the Local Government Board has been called to the cruelties inflicted upon two pauper children boarded out by the Nantwich Guardians to a farm labourer and his wife named Sudlow and whether the Poor Law Inspectors have made any reports as to the working of the boarding-out system in the case of pauper children.—The Duke of Richmond and Gordon said that two years ago the Guardians of the Nantwich Union determined to board out orphan and deserted children under certain rules, and if those rules had been attended to the melancholy occurrence referred to by his noble friend could not have happened. In that case, however, the rules had been entirely neglected. The sub- ject of boarding-out had been carefully considered by his right hon. friend the President of the Local Government Board. It divided itself into two aspects-boarding out within the Union and boarding out without the Union. The number of children boarded without the Union was 306, the number within was 2,095. In the former case the children were looked after by a Visiting Committee, but in the latter the Guardians were paramount, and the Local Government Board could not interfere with the arrangements they made. His right hon. friend had caused enquiries to be made by the various inspectors throughout tke country as to the state of the children. In some cases the reports were satisfactory, in others they were not satisfactory, and the Guardians had been de- sired to take the children back to the Workhouse with a view to their being well cared for. His right hon. friend had recently drawn up an order in respect of boarding-out within the Union which he hoped would meet the diffi- culty of the case. A copy of it had been sent to each in- spector for his comments, and when he received their re- ports the order would be issued, and it was hoped that it would prevent the recurrence of such a lamentable case as that to which the noble lord had called attention. A Member of a Boarding-out Committee" writes to the Times :—" May I ask space to note that the boarding- out at Nantwich was not under Mr. Goschen's order—i.e., not under the superintendence of Local Committee ap- proved by the Poor-Law Board, and bound to send to the Guardians constant reports of every child boarded out ?" At the Nantwich Board of Guardians,on Saturday. July 7th, Mr. Tollemache moved that the two children—Sarah and Martha Dunn—be at once received in the house, as he understood that one child was still at Dodcot-cum- Wilkesley, which was more than two miles from the nearest school, and therefore it was illegal to board them out there. The clerk then read a letter signed "Stephen Munden, 16, King-street, Woolwich," addressed to the Guardians, in which he said—" Having read in the public press of the revolting cruelty on the person of Sarah Dunn, whose care should have been to have treated her kindly, I read the account with deep pity for the poor child; and not having any children of my own, both my- self and my wife feel that we should like to take the poor disfigured child and train her up as our own—that is if she is an orphan, and not, after we have had her for two or three years or more, for some relation to come and take her away, our single object being to bring her up as our own." The writer is an engine driver in a launch belong- ing to the Ordance Department, Royal Arsenal, Wool- wich. Tlw resolved to make all necessary inquiries before replying to such an unusual application.
THE WELSHPOOL AND LLANFAIR RAILWAY BILL.-The Welshpool and Llanfair Railway Bill came before the Chairman of Ways and Means, and Mr. Cripps having stated that Mr. Grubbe represented the owner of land as to deviation, and they had promised to settle with him at a future lltage, this was "agreed to, and the Bill passed.
Miscellaneous. IRISH AND AMERICAN PROVISIONS, LIVERPOOL, FRI- DAY.—Butter: With continued large arrivals, prices have further receded, and really choice States can be had much below the value of Irish; medium qualities, however, are greatly neg- lected. Bacon sells to a fair extent. Lard Sales are not very extensive, and prices are 6d. to Is. t9 cwt. easier. Cheese has declined about 4s.$cwt., with a steady demand. Beef shows more firmness. Pork without any change. LONDON PROVISION, MONDAY.—The arrivals last week from Ireland were 668 firkins of butter and 5,114 bales bacon, and from foreign ports 26,034 packages of butter and 3,166 bales bacon. Foreign butter has come to market in larger supplies the sale has ruled steady, with littler o no change in prices except for the finest Dutch, which advanced about Ss.$cwt. In Irish transactions are upOn a very moderate scale. Bacon has sold well the finest Irish and Hamburg sizeable at the close of the week advanced 2s. V cwt. LONDON POTATO, -.NION D kY.-The supplies of potatoes are on a moderate scale, and trade remains steady. I New Jersey (kidneys) 220s. to 26 Os. ton. Cherbourg (ditto) 200s. to 230s. y New Jersey (round). 190s. to 220s. „ I Cherbourg (ditto) 200s. to 220s. „ Old potatoes realize from 5s. to 6s. 6d. 11 ewt. WORCESTER HOP, SATURDAY.—Messrs. Piercy, Longbottom, and Faram, in their weekly report, say-Pianters report to-day that, owing to the cold nights this week, the strong bine has not made so much progress, and the weak bine is turning rather yeltow. Fine forcing weather will be now wanted after the recent storms of rain, or the prospect will be materially altered for tha, worse. There are few hops on offer, and prices are almost nominal. LONDON HOP, MONDAY.—We have no alteration to notice in the tone of our market, which remains very quiet the little business passing is strictly confined to immediate requirements, and values may be quoted easier for some descriptions. The reports from the plantations are various. The rain has had a beneficial effect upon some of the weak and backward bine, but the plant generally has not made the progress which might have been expected from the favourable weather. Continental and American advices continue favourable. East and Mid Kent £ 5 12 £ 6 0 £ 7 10 Weald of Kent 5 0 5 15 7 0 Sussex 4 15 5 0 5 12 Farnham and Country 6 0 0 0 8 0 LIVERPOOL WOOL, FitIDAT.-The business done this week has been to a moderately fair extent, principally in Morocco, Persian, Spanish, Oporto, River Plate, &c., at fully late prices. —The following are the current quotations East India, white 6d. to 14d. V tb.; yellow, 4d. to 12d.; gray, &c., 2Jd. to 9d.; washed Peruvian, lOd. to 17d.; washed River Plate, lOd. to 14d.; unwashed River Plate, 5d. to 9d.; washed Morocco, 8d to 13d.; unwashed Morocco, 5d to 7id.; Egyptian white, 8d to 141d.; Oporto fleece, 12Jd. to 13 £ d.; mohair, 2s. 9d. to 2s. lid.; alpaca, Is. lid. LONDON WOOL, MONDAY.—The value of English wool has not been altered. 'J here was a fair supply offering, the demand for which ruled quiet. As regards Colonial wool, since the close of the public sales business has not been extensive, but at the same time firmness has prevailed, and full prices coutinue to be readily obtained. WOLVERHAMPTON HIDE, SKIN, AND FAT, SATUR- DAY.—Hides, 95 lb. and upwards, 5$d.$lb.; 85 to 94, std.; 75 to 84, 41d.; 65 to 74, 3.; 56 to 64, Sld.; 55 and under, 3d.; Cows, 3d. to 31,d.; bulls, 21d.; flawed and irregular, 2§d.; kips, Od. to 31d. Horse hides, Os. Od. to 12s. Gd. each. Calf, 17 lb. and upwards, 5d.; 12 to 16, 6d.; 9 to 11, 6d.; light, 5d.; flawed and irregular, 4d. Wools, A-l, OOs. Od.; A, Os. Od.; B, Os. od. each. Pelts, A, 2s. Od.; B, Is. 4d. each. Lambs, A, 3s. 5d.; B, 2s. 5d. each. Fat, 21d. to 2Jd q¡¡ Ib.-JNO. S. D'ARCV, Broker, Cleveland-street. LEATHER.-LEADENIIALL, TUESDAY. W lb. s. d. s. d. Hides, crop, 28 lbs. to 40 lbs 1 1 @ 1 5 Ditto, 40 lbs. to 60 lbs 1 4 1 9 English butts, 14 tbs. to 24 tbs. 1 3 2 5 Ditto, 25 lbs. to 36 lbs 1 6 2 10 Foreign butts, 16 lbs. to 50 lbs 1 1 2 3 Crop bellies 0 8 1 1 Shoulders 1 0 1 4 Dressing hides, common 1 0J 1 6 Ditto, shaved 1 2 8 Calfskins 1 2 7 LIVERPOOL PRODUCE, WEDNFSDAY.-Sugar dull, without change in value. Rum inactive. Rice continues neglected. Ni- trate of soda 14s. 3d. to 14s. 6d. cwt. Lard very quiet, with but little passing. Olive oil steady in value. Linseed oil 27s. 9d. to 28s. 6d. cwt. Rape oil Refined Stettin dearer; 41s. now asked. Cottonseed oil, Liverpool refined, 32s. cwt. Tallow, 40s. 6d. to 41s. for North American. Palm oil quiet. Rosin, common, 5s. 3d. cwt. Ashes, pots 22s., pearls 35s. Spirits of turpentine 24s. 6d. ? cwt. Petroleum lid. to lild. P gallon. AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE.-LIVERPOOL, WEDNESDAY. Hay,$20 tbs. s. d. s d. p ton. Old 0 11 @1 2 s. 4. s.d New 0 0 0 0 Carrots 0 0@0 0 Straw- Turnips 0 0 J 0 Wheat 0 0 1 0 Mangel Wurzel.. 0 0 0 0 Oat 0 0 0 11 Manure 4 6 7 0 Barley 0 0 0 0 Grass, 10 20 lbs 0 21 0 4i
Trade Intelligence. WOLVERHAMPTON IRON TRADE.—WEDNESDAY. QUARTERLY MEETING. The quarterly meeting of the iron trade this afternoon has been the quietest on record. Prices were declared unchanged at 85s. for hot-blast all-mine pigs, and £ 9 for Staffordshire marked bars yet all-mine pigs were plentiful at 82s. 6d., and cinder pigs were to be had at from 45s. 40 ton. Cleveland pigs' also were to be had at Middlesborough for use here at consider- ably under the 39s. minimum quotation of the open market. Staffordshire common bars were quoted at £6 5s. upwards. Very few transactions reported. THE CROPS AND THE CORN TRADE. The Afark-Lane Express says:—Lower temperature has pre- vailed during last week, the nights having been especially cold. Occasional heavy showers of rain have fallen, but they have been favourable rather than the reverse, and have tended to promote the growth of straw and to fill out wlieateara. Hops, too, have beueflted, though root crops have progressed slowly. Haymaking has been hindered by the weather; nevertheless a large proportion in good condition has been gathered, and the yield, where top-dressed, will exceed an average in bulk. Re- ports vary as to the aspect of wheat, and, while in some locali- ties it promises an average crop, in others it appears thin and dwarfed. The season being so far advanced, chances of damage by storm are lessened, but even with favourable climatic influ- ences between this and next harvest an average wheat crop is all that can be expected. From the insignificant supplies of home-grown wheat, both at Mark-Lane and at country markets, it may be confidently stated that little or nothing will remain over of last year's crop. Imports of foreign wheat continue large. Russian arrivals are less, but the action of Germany and India has prevented any decrease in weekly returns:
CORWEN. LITERARY MEETING.-The first of the Penllyn and Edeyrnion Church of England Literary and Competitive Meetings was held at the National School in this town on Wednesday, July 4. The first meeting commenced at 2 p.m., and the second at 5.30. Both were presided over by the Hon. C. H. Wynn. The programme was as fol- lows :—First Meeting Address by President. Song by Children. Recitation of Psalm xxiv. (in English). Adju- dication of handwriting. Recitation of Psalm xxiv. (in Welsh)—Best, D. W. Davies, Harp Inn. Adjudication of the Essay, "Life of St. John"—1st, Miss Sarah A. Hughes; 2nd, Miss Margaret Humphreys. Singing, The Church's one foundation"—1st, Mr. Ellis Edwards and Miss Jane W. Jones (equal); 2nd, Miss Maggie Wil- liams. Solo, Mr. Jones, chemist. Adjudication, transla- tion from English to Welsh—1st, Mr. Richard Edwards, Bala. Examinatian on II. Samuel, chap. i. to xxii.-lst Miss Alice A. Jones, Master T. F. Appleton and Miss Anne Jones (equal); 2nd, Master T. C. Jones. Song, Miss L. Williams, "The Captive Greek Girl." Adjudi- cation, poetry. Singing hymn, Nearer home"—One choir only competed, under the leadership of Mr. Jones, chemist, to which the prize was awarded. Anthem, Molwch yr Arglwydd," Corwen Choir. Second Meeting Address by the President. Song by school children, Work for the night is coming." Recitation by children, O Paradise,'—1st, Miss S. A. Woodall; 2nd, Miss Lizzy Jones. Same in Welsh—1st, Master D. W. Davies, Harp Inn; 2nd, Miss Jane Jones, Cynwyd. Adjudication, Form of prayer,lst, Mr. Davies, National School, Llansantffraid. Reading Eng- lish—1st, Mr. Robt. Williams. Solo, Mr. Jones, chemist. Examination, "Acts of the Apostles,"—1st, Miss Ellen Jones; 2nd, T. F. Appleton; 3rd, Miss Annie Jones. Short Welsh addreas by Eryr Alwen. Recitation, Yr adgyfodiad" (undersixteen),—1st, Mr. J. Morris, Cynwyd; 2nd, Miss A. W. Davies. Oyer sixteen,—1st, Miss Mary Owen 2nd, Mr. Robert Ellis, Bala. Anthem, Wele mor ddaionns 'lst, Llanuwchllyn Choir; 2nd, Bala and Corwen Choirs (equal). Adjudication on the translation from Welsh to English—1st, Mr. Robert Roberts, Llan- tysilio School; 2nd, Miss Sarah A. Hughes. Song, The white squall," Mr. R. Williams. Recitation, Cato's Soliloquy,"—-1st, Mr. Richard Williams; 2nd, Mr. R. Ellis, Bala. Anthem by the United Choirs. SPECIAL PETTY SESSIONS FRIDAY, JULY 6th.— Before the Hon. C. H. Wynn and R. M. Taylor, Esq. Begging.-Henry Hilmas, was ordered to be imprisoned for four weeks', with hard labour.—Thomas Murrey and John Foster for seven days, with hard labour. Assaulting a Mother.-—Daniel Lloyd was charged with having on the 30th June assaulted his mother, Elizabeth Lloyd, with the intention of causing her serious bodily injuries. Afer hearing the evidence of the mother, who attended the court with patches on her face, and a wit- ness named Miriam Lloyd, who was in the house at the time, both of whom testified that he had beat his mother with the fender, and afterwards threw some burning wood after her, whilst drunk, the prisoner was sentenced to four months' imprisonment, with hard labour.
TOWYN. THE SCHOOL BOARD SCHOOLS.—It is highly gratifying to find that the schools in this locality have been very successful during the year that is just closing. The results of the recent examinations of the Board Schools are very satisfactory, as will be seen by the subjoined extracts from her Majesty's Inspector's reports :—Bryncrug Board School.—" The discipline, attainments, and intelligence of this school reflect great credit on the industry and ability of the master. The infants seem very well taught. H. Lewis hasTpassed well." Amount of grant, £7G 8s. Before the formation of School Board, Bryncrug had been with- out a school for years, and the children were obliged to go all the way to Towyn or Llanegryn to school, or left run wild about home, which the majority of them did. Tore- claim children from such a state, and obtain such a report from her Majesty's inspector in less than two years from the opening of the school, needs no comment on the conduct of those having the charge of education in the district.— Towyn Board School (extract from the report):—" This school is in good order, and the scholars, on the whole, have passed a good examination. G. C. Davies has passed fairly." Amount of grant, £45 3s. The smallness of this school is probably attributable to the keen scholastic com- petition which Towyn may be proud of.—Pennal Board School (extract from the report):—"This school has im- proved very much since last year, and may now be ranked among the good schools in the district." W. Hughes has passed fairly. Amount of grant, £70 13s. The improve- ment of this school may be judged by the increase of grant this year over last year. Last year it only amounted to £39 2s.; increase, £3111s. Pennal and Bryncrug are merely agricultural hamlets, a fact which adds so much more to the success of those having charge of the education of the youth here. We understand that the Towyn National School has passed a good examination, but we have had no particulars supplied to us. The classes held at the Academy in connection with the Science and Art Depart- ment have passed very good examinations in some sub- jects. It will be seen from the foregoing statements that the cause of education is not neglected at Towyn. THE ACADEMY.—A correspondent writes as follows :— c. It is now many years ago since the Towyn Academy was first established, and since its commencement proofs have not been wanting that much real work is being done at the school. Some of Mr. Jones's pupils have passed creditably the London Matriculation and the medical preliminary examinations at the various Universities. Three pupils of this school have entered the University College of Wales. Two of these have gained scholarships, the other an exhibition. Candidates from this school are sent up from time to time to pass the Oxford and Cam- bridge Local Examinations and many young men have been prepared here for such Colleges as the Calvinistic Methodist College, Bala. The discipline of the school is strict and regular, and the teaching staff exceptionally good, inasmuch as Mr. Jones is assisted by competent resident masters, who teach classics, mathematics, French, and German. Moreover;after the midsummer holidays the school is to be removed to new and commodious buildings now in course of completion. They may be seen by rail- way passengers on the left hand side as they leave 1 owyn in the direction of Aberdovey. The fees are exceedingly moderate, and the domestic arrrangements very good."
DOLGELLEY. HOTEL BOOKS.—The season for witty scribbling in hotel visitors' books, has set in "with unusual severity, as a gentleman remarked when he was charged eighteen pence for a, glass of soda and brandy at a Welsh watering-place in the beginning of July. In one of the hotels at Dol- gelley two Shrewsbury gentlemen found much comfort and attention, after climbing the far-famed Fox's Path to the top of Cader Idris Mountain, through snow four feet in depth, this snow being somewhat alarming, but not so alarming as was the visit of a Black Gentleman (Jackdaw) down our bedroom chimney into the room at twelve o'clock at night, the said Black Gentleman being taken to Salop to learn the English language." Another scribbler, who signs his name in such a way as to make it doubtful whether he means it to be Charles, king of Manchester, or Charles King, of Manchester, informs his chance readers that— At Dolgelley stayed Robert Lowe, Where he's gone to I don't know If to the realms of peace and love, Farewell to happiness aoove; If, haply, to some lower level I can't congratulate the We can't congratulate the" gentleman from Manchester, who palmed this off as original.
PWLLHELI. CRUELTY TO Cow$.—The following case was unavoid- ably omitted from our report last week of the Pwllheli Petty Sessions Edward Jones v. Thomas Parry, Maesllan, farmer.—Complainant said that on Monday evening, June 18, he received information that certain cattle had been impounded by defendant, and he pro- ceeded to the place of their detention about 10 30 a.m., on Tuesday morning. At Maesllan, Sarn, he found two cows locked in a cowhouse. He asked defendant to allow him to see them, and he went in. He asked defendant whether he had milked them, and he replied he had not; and complainant reminded him they had been impounded. They were suffering very much. — For the defence Hugh Williams, examined by the defendant, said he was with him on Monday night. Defendant sent him to Ellis Jones, Pennant, to ask him to come and milk the cows; that was about eight d,.m. He met Ellis Jones, and told him that he might go to Maesllan to milk the cows if he wished. He replied he would never milk them on the Maesllan land. —Griffith Roberts said he saw the cows when released on Tuesday morning. They were very lean, and their udders very small, and he could not say they wanted anything but food. He could not say the cows were illtreated through not having been milked. It was evident they had not been fed for some days. Defendant was fined £2, with 19s. 6d. costs, and ordered to pay complainant £2 damages.
PORTMADOC- SERIOUS ACCIDENT.—On Wednes lay, July 4, a very serious accident occurred at the wharf of the Messrs. Greaves. A young man, of the name of Edward Lloyd, about twenty-five years of age, son of Mr. Robert Lloyd, keeper at Aberdunant, near Prenteg, had just joined the ship Jennet that morning. He went aloft to do some- thing, and was sitting on some board, which gave way under him, and he fell down on deck. He received very serious injuries. He had gone as far as Swansea with another ship, where a few days ago a letter was awaiting him stating that his mother had just died, after four days' illness. LOCAL BOARD, TUESDAY, JTTT.Y3RD.—Present: Capt. G. Griffiths, chairman, Messrs. David Roberts, W. E. Morris, and John Jones. The, Sanitary Institute of Great Britain.—A letter from the Registrar of this Institute was read, wishing to know whether the Chairman or any members of the Board would have their names enrolled as members of the institute. It was decided to let the matter stand over for the pre- sent. Cesspools.—It was ordered that the workmen of the Board should be allowed to clean a cesspool on Mr. D. Homfray's premises, and also on Mr. Tuxford's at Tu- hwnti'rbwlch. Various sanitary improvements were pointed out to the Surveyor to be effected, and it was ordered that the money due from private parties be collected at once. Bills, amounting to £ 56 17s. 6d., were examined, passed, and ordered to be paid. PORTMADOC AND DISTRICT ASSOCIATION OF ELEMENTARY TEACHERS. A meeting of the above Association took place at the Portmadoc National Schoolroom on Saturday, the 30th June. We are sorry to have to record that there was a paucity of members present on this occasion, and sincerely trust that all future meetings will be better attended. Among the subjects discussed were the following :— (1.) rhe signing of a petition on pensions. TheSecretary was requested to write to the County Member, asking him to present the petition and give his support to the Bill when brought forward in Parliament. (2.) The best means of increasing the number of members of this Association, and of the duty of each member to do his utmost in order to secure its success. (3.) The formation of a "District Union," and the Secretary was requested to communicate with the Secretaries of the neighbouring Associations, also to ask Mr. Heller for circulars setting forth the advantages of the N.U.E. Teachers, and for information as to the forma- tion of a District Union. The Treasurer read his report, which showed the Association to be in a flourishing condition financially. lhe next meeting to take place on the examination day of the pupil teachers of Festiniog, and a luncheon to be provided for the members. A vote of thanks to the President terminated the pro- ceedings.
MACHYNLLETH. BOARD OF GUARDIANS, WEDNESDAY, JULY 11.— Present: Messrs. R. Gillart (chairman), Owen Daniel Thos. Owen (vice-chairmen), R. Jones (ex-officio), R. Owen, J. J. Humphreys, Vaughan Hughes, Griffith Jones, John Morgan, Morgan Edwards, Griffith Grif- fiths, and David Evans, acting clerk. Statistics.—The master, Mr. Thomas Thomas, reported the number in the house to be 32; corresponding week last year, 38; vagrants relieved during the past fortnight, 53. Out-relief administered during the past fortnight— Machynlleth district, per Mr. Thomas Thomas, £370 16s. 10d., to 151 paupers Pennal district, per Mr. John Jones, £49 10s. 5d., to 247 paupers Darowen district, per Mr. D. Howell, £0217s., to 280 paupers. Enquiry Officers.—On the proposition of Mr. Richard Jones, it was agreed to appoint Mr. Thomas Thomas and Mr. D. Howell, the relieving officers for the Machynlleth and Darowen districts, as enquiry officers under the amended Education Act. In the after part of the meet- ing the matter was further considered, and it was decided to postpone the appointments to the next meeting. Complimentary.—As this was the first time that Mr. David Evans, the acting clerk, appeared at the Board meeting since passing his final examination, the Chairman said it was with great pleasure he congratulated Mr. Evans upon successfully passing his examination. His opinion and advice, weighty and valuable as it had been in the past, would be even more so in the |future.—The members of the Board concurred in the Chairman's remarks.
DOLYDDELEN AND VICINITY. A WARNING.—An eccentric character who was well known in the town of Llanrwst, especially to those who were in the habit of spending much time in the public houses, carousing and junketting, at ordinary times and especially on market days, came to his death in a lamentable manner, and one which ought to serve as a warning to those who are in the habit of giving way to the drinking habit. For some time the old man, William Roberts, Nant-y.Pryf, Eglwys Bach, better known as Will Nant-y-Pryf, has been an inmate of Llanrwst poor- house. On Tuesday of last week, he was permitted to go or stole his way into the town, where he visited this and that public house until he became at last quite intoxicated. About eight or nine o'clock p.m. he found his way into a public house in Bridge-street, where he had some beer as some say, but was turned out. In a short time he was picked up insensible in the entry, and carried inta a stable in the back yard by a man of the name of Jackson, who without delay communicated the fact to the police con- stables. The constables on their arrival found him still quite drowsy, sleeping heavily, and no one could wake him up. He was removed at once into the lock up, and a doctor was summoned. About nine o'clock on Wednesday morning he died. An inquest was held on the body on Friday, before the Coroner, Dr. Pierce, Denbigh, and the verdict was similar to verdicts returned in cases like the present one. DARING THEFT.—The quiet village of Dolyddelen was roused last Monday morning by the rumour that some- body had succeeded at Elen Castle Hotel in wresting the lock off a drawer, and stealing the entire amount of money deposited there in a small box for safe keeping. It seems that two men slept there on Sunday night whose names were George Kay and Jeffrey Williams, and who passed for fitters. The latter was following that business at shaft No. 2 in the tunnel. After rising on Monday morning and enjoying their breakfast, one of them (George Kay) went upstairs pretending that a nap would do him good, and at that time it seems he took his pocket knife, used it for the purpose of getting the lock loose, and succeeded in his attempt. The amount of money said to be in the small box was 210 in gold, and another sum in silver. Soon after this the Baltic Coach came by, and in this both took their seat for Festiniog. At shaft No. 2. Jeffrey Williams left and went into the barracks recently built there as he was to work there, on Monday evening, and then proceeded on in the coach. Soon after they left Elen Castle Hotel the hotel keeper, Mr. Griffith Roberts, noticed that everything was not all right with the drawer. Opened it, found that it had been tampered with, and that the money had been carried away. The fact was com- municated at once to P.C. Davies and Williams. A buggy was hired at Benar Veiw to give the deliquents a warm chase. Ere long they arrived at Festiniog, and caught George Kay at the Diphwys Station, preparing for the journey, and expecting to find the booking office open for him to get his ticket, and the train to leave to take him off. But, alas, the police-constables laid on him their heavy hands and charged him with stealing money at Elen Castle. Searched him, and found £ 9 in gold in his possession. Some of it, of course, he spent, as he had not a half-penny of his own. The other was also caught at Barracks No. 2, and both were forwarded to Bettws in custody, on the charge, the one of being the thief, and the other the accomplice. FESTINIOG TUN.FL.-On Saturday night last the work- men succeeded in driving a hole through from Shaft 3 to Shaft 2. During the week they drove 100ft. 9in., taking the two faces together and what is odd in the matter is that they drove the drill from one face to meet exactly the drill on the other face, or, in other words, from one shaft to meet the drill in the other shaft. It seems that the rock-drilling machines are doing very well. The time will come when they will be a great boon in the boring and mining market. ELLIS O'R NANT.
LLANDYSSUL. PETTY SESSIONS, WEDNESDAY, JULY 4.-Before Colonel Lewes, J. P. V. Pryse, Esq., Captain Thomas, and A. H. Jones, Esq. Assault.—James Richards, Castle Martin, Llandvssul, farm servant, charged Evan Evans, Plasnewydd, Llan- llwni, Carmarthenshire, mason, with having committed an assault upon him at Castle Martin, on Sunday, May 6. —Defendant did not appear, and was fined £ 2, and 18s. costs, and in default of payment one month's imprison- ment. Cows Straying.-P.C. Davies (17), charged Evan Jones, Tymain, Llandyssul, butcher, with allowing two cows, his property, to stray on the highway near Llandyssul on May 22.-Fined Is., and costs. Cruelty to a Horse.-Inspector Everitt, Carmarthen, charged J. J. Evans, King's Head Hotel, Llandyssul, with cruelty to a horse by working the same when in an unfit state.—Fined £ 1, and costs.—The same complainant charged Timothy Evans, servant to the last defendant, with driving the horse from Llandyssul to Newcastle Emlyn and back on the 10th June, when in an unfit state. —Fjned £ 1, and costs. A Nuisance.—Thomas Jones, Newcastle Emlyn, Inspector of Nuisance, charged Evan Jones, Farmers' Arms, and David Jones, Lincoln-street, Llandyssul, butchers, with allowing a nuisance to exist on their pre- mises on the 27th April.—The magistrates made an order to abate the nuisance, defendants to pay costs. Charge of Stealing a Watch. as Jenkins, Troedyrhiw, Penboyr, Carmarthenshire, farmer, charged I Henry Jones, Spring-street, Llandyssul. clockmaker, with stealing a watch. It appeared that the defendant had the watch to be cleaned, and refused to return it. The case was settled out of court by consent of the Bench" defend- ant paying the costs. Drunkenness.— P.C. Davies, 17, charged David Davies, Tyrdre, Llandyssul, carrier, with being drunk at Llan- dyssul on the 2nd July.—Fined 5s., and costs. Stealing Soap.—P.C. Davies, 23, charged Ellen Jones, Anglesey, tramp, with stealing two bars of soap, of the value of Is. 8d., the property of Mr. T. D. Francis, Bryn Shop, Llanllwni, on the 5th of June.—Prisoner pleaded not guilty, and was committed to take her trial at the next quarter sessions for Carmarthenshire. Drunkcnness.-P.C. Davies(23)chargeù David Davies, of Pencarreg village, and Daniel Davies, Plasbach, Llan- llwni, with being drunk and disorderly at Llanybyther.— Fined 5s. each, and costs. Keeping a Dog without a Licence.—John Morgans, excise officer, Lampeter, charged James Evans. Blaeny- wainhenfodfach, Llanybyther, farmer, with keeping a dog without a licence.—Fined 25s. Drunk and Riotous.—Wm. Thomas, Pencnwch, Llan- llwni, butcher, was charged with being drunk and riotous at Llanybyther.—The defendant is an old offender, and was sent to gaol for one month, without the option of a fine.