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BOARDS OF GUARDIANS AND RURAL DISTRICT COUNCILS CARMARTHEN OUTDOOR RELIEF AND THE INCREASED COST OF LIVING. The fortnightly meeting of the Carmarthen Board of Guardians was held at the Guildhall on Saturday, Mr. John Jones, Ferryside, presiding. AN EXCEPTION. The Clerk (Mr. J. Saer) reported that he had re- ceived the monthly statements Irom all the parishes with the exception of Abergwili. He had not re- ceived a statement from that parish since September ^Mr. Thomas Thomas—What is the matter with the man there? The Chairman-He is always at it. The Clerk said he would have to report it to the auditor. MASTER'S REPORT. The Master read his report as follows: Divine service was conducted in the house on Sunday, 28th March, by the Rev. A. Fuller DiNIs, Penll n T. Park, and on Sunday, 4th April, by the Rev. D. J. Thomas, English Congregational Church. The number of inmates in the house on the last day of the week was 61, against 70 for the same period last year. The number of casual paupers relieved during the fortnight was 48, against 126 for the corresponding period last year. Mrs. Williams, Napier House, gave hot cross buns to all the in- mates on Good Friday (as usual). Miss Peel, Dan- yrallt, Llandilo Detachment Red Cross Society, dis- tributed oranges to all. THE COTTAGE HOME. A letter was read from the Newcastle-Emlyn Guardians asking if the Board could take a few children from them and accommodate them at the Carmarthen cottage home. At present there were only two children in Newcastle-Emlyn Workhouse The Clerk explained that the aocommodation at the cottage home was for 15, and there were 13 there at present. They would not have any reserve if they accepted two children from Newcastle-Emlyn. There were children at the cottage home who could not be boarded out. It was decided to reply to the letter to express regret that the children could not be accommodated at Carmarthen. PAUPERS AND INCREASED COoT OF LIVING The meeting considered at length the question of increasing outdoor relief in consequence of the in- creased cost of living arising out of the war. A letter was read from the Gloucester Guardians asking the Board to agree to their decision to grant an increase of 6d. weekly to each ,iingle person re- lieved, Is. to each married couple, and 6d. to each child residing with its parents, such allowances not to be made in the case of those receiving 5sJor more. Rev. A. Fuller Mills moved that they adopt the decision of Gloucester, which, he said, meant giving an increase of 6d. per week all round. Mr M. J. Evans (Mydrim) seconded. Mr M. W. Jenkins (St. Clearsl moved an amend- ment that each case be considered on its merits. They were not there, he said, to be dictated to by the Gloucester guardians. Mr. J. Lewis (Llangendeirne) said there were many ratepayers in the parish of Llangendeirnfe who were worse off than the paupers. They as guardians had to consider the ratepayers as well as the poor. H Gloucester guardians committed suicide, were they to follow them? (laughter). The N-eatb guardians had decreased their rates by £ 5.000, and were they to follow them? „ Mr. J. J. Bowcn (Llangunnock) said no doubt there were oases in the union where a reduction ought to be made in the relief, and there were also cases where an increase ought to be granted. They could not do anything fairer than consider each case on its merits. Mr. Benjamin Salmon (St. Clears) said there wer a certain class of paupers wfio had not been pro- perly considered for the last few years. He meant the widowed mothers who were only granted 2s. a week in respect of each child. They were the persons who had been hit the hardest by the in- leased cost of food. He did not think any rate- payer, however poor he might be, would grudge giving 2s. 6d. per child to a widowed mother. It was through losing the bread-winner that the widowed mother applied for relief. Rev. J. Herbert (Llanllawddog) agreed that there were cases where a reduction in relief could be made and where an increase could be granted. The guardians had been increasing relief on account bf the war, for a few months past, and they had dealt very generously with those who received separation allowances by allowing them to retain the full relief. Then there were those paupers who billeted soldiers. They were also very generously dealt with. He thought the guardians should in- crease the relief gradually as they had done hitherto. The inoreased expenditure would have to be pro- vided. for in the estimates, and he did not think they should increase the rate by more than a penny in the B. Mr. Mills' motion would mean an expendi- ture of £800, and a penny rate came to about ±,bW. Mr. D. T. Gilbert (Carway) said they did not know how hard it was for poor widowed mothers to live on a paltrv 2s. a week per ohild. Special attention should be given to them. If the Board wanted pro- cress, they would have to pay for it. Did the "■uardians ever consider the cases on their merits, fcries of "Yes"). Then the Board had been very inconsistent for a long time. Rev A. F. Mills, Teplvmg, said he was not moved to make his proposition by the GWster tions and there was no question of dictation. Ile believed that by giving an increase of €>d. per ween all round, the Board would really be economising. If thev came to consider each case on its ts- +heT would find that in many cases, they would ha7e togr »» incrce of Is. or h.. than was granted at p-sent, and at that rate they would fmd thev were r,,vancing a great deal mor than fed. all round. His proposition did not Pre«^ the motion of Mr. Salmon that special cases should be ec,a.ider(,d on their merits. Mr. motion and that of Mr. Salmon s were defeated, and it was decided tp consider each case on its merits.



Carmarthen County.

St. Clears.