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If you suffer, try a box of Kernick's Pills, costing you 7d. 134d., or 2s. 9d. each at any Chemist or Sto ea 2 with full directions. 4994 William T reseder The Nurseries, Cardiff. Ornamental Shrubs and Trees in great variety ROSES A SPECIALITY. Herbaceous and Rock Plants Apples, Pears. Plums, Peaches, Currants, Gooseberries, &c. Larch, Scotch, Spruce, &c., &c. Thorn, Quick. Telegrams- Treseder, Florist. Nat. Telephone—597 5030 Saddlery, Saddlery 116, Bute St., TREHERBERT. Established 1860. YORWERTH THOMAS AND COMPANY, Of BRIDGEND, Has now taken the above, which is the Oldest Saddlery Business in the Rhondda Valleys, and trust by strict attention to business to merit the continuance of public support. The satisfaction that the Old Established and well-known firm of YORWERTH THOMAS & Co. has given to Colliery Proprietors, Gentry Farmers and Tradesmen, throughout the Country is sufficient Guarantee of MARYELLOUS VALUE, HIGHEST QUALITY, IMMENSE SELECTION, LOWEST PRICES, PROMPT ATTENTION. 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On the Carpet. Councillor Edward Jones and his Critics. Meeting of Pentre Trades and Labour- Council. The chief business at the monthly meeting of the Pentre Trades and Labour Council on Monday evening was the notice of motion standing in the name of Mr. T. C. Morris, calling attention to the action of Councillor Edward Jones in addressing a meeting in company with two opponents of Labour, viz., Councillors Walter Williams and Thomas Davies, fellow-representatives on the District Council for Ward 3. Having obtained the ruling of the Chairman (Mr. Thos. Thomas) that it was not right for a member of the Trades Council to express an opinion on a matter which was down for consideration by the Council before that Council had had time to consider it, Mr. Morris nroceeded with his notice of motion, and said that since he had tabled his notice of motijp. a great deal of discussion had ensued in the public Press to his -own disadvantage, and also to the disadvantage of the Council. In raising this question, he (Mr. Morris) was not actuated by any spirit of ill-will to any of the persons concerned, but by a desire to jealously respect the consti- tution of that Council as originally formed. There was also another motive which impelled him to the course he had adopted, namely, that while they as a body were considering the advisability or otherwise of contesting the two seats in Wards 3 and 4, Councillor Jones took upon himself to appear upon a platform with one of the Councillors whom perhaps they would decide to oppose. He, there- fore, condemned his action, because it affected the decision of the Council. Further, they mig recollect that two years ago, when the Council decided to run two Labour candidates for Wards 3 and 4, Councillor Jones, who was not then under the control of the Council, abstained from supporting either of the candidates, whereas Mr. Tom Evans, Penygraig, readily assented to further the candi- dature of the two men selected by that Council. The reason given by Mr. Jones for his abstention was that there was an unwritten law amongst members of the District Council not to oppose the return of a retiring Councillor. He (Mr. Morris) maintained that upon this ground also Mr. Jones' action should be strongly con- demned. Further, Mr. Jones, in appear- ing upon the platform of Councillors Davies and Williams, had gone against the declared opinion of the Council as recorded in their minute-book, and had attacked the vital part of the avowed intention of the Council. The Council was formed to consolidate the forces of Labour in the district, because their ex- perience was that Labour was not pro- perly recognised in the district. The objects of the Council as laid down were The establishment of a more intimate connection between all branches as operative classes, giving increased effi- ciency to operations of Trades and Labour organisations; it shall also watch over the interests of Labour both in and out of Parliament, and endeavour to secure direct representation on all public govern- ing bodies, and use its influence in sup- porting any measures likely to benefit Labour. He (Mr. Morris) admitted there was no Labour candidate in the field, but the Council were considering the advisability of running a candidate, and by virtue of that fact, he maintained that Councillor Jones. notwithstanding what he said .in the Press, had violated their constitution in that particular. If it was possible for them as working classes to redeem them- selves by continuing on the old method, what was the purpose of the institution of the Council? In times past the recom- mendation of candidates for these two Wards had been left to certain circles, and the purpose of the Council when formed was to give to the working classes the right to recommend and support their own men in the field against all-comers. He believed that to some extent Coun- cillor Jones had interfered with that right by his action. Mr. Jones might say that he was elected by the ratepayers, but he (Mr. Morris) would say that, inasmuch as he was financed by the Coun- cil, his actions should be relevant to the constitution of the Council. As a Coun- cil they held varied political opinions, but they were united in their right to secure adequate and genuine Labour represen- tation, and he (Mr. Morris) was not pre- pared to support any man who was willing to tack a label of Labour upon himself unless he was prepared to main- tain its principles and fight for them for all he was worth. Labour to him (the speaker) was a creed and part of his life, and if the movement in this district was to become a strong and genuine move- ment, and a true expression of the work- ing classes, it was essential that their Council and its Councillor should main- tain its dignity. Their position now was that if they decided to contest the seat against Councillor Walter Williams, the very fact of Mr. Jones appearing upon his platform might influence some who would otherwise be with them. His (Mr. Morris') position had been prejudiced because Mr. Jones had unwisely con- sented to give an interview to a Press representative before his notice of motion had been considered by the Council. Mr. Cousins seconded the motion. Before Mr. Jones proceeded to reply, the Chairman expressed a hope that the question would be considered upon prin- ciple, and not from a party point of view. Councillor Jones, in reply, said that the meeting he had addressed with Mr. Walter Williams had been arranged in accordance with a desire on Mr. Wil- liams' part to give an account of his stewardship to the ratepayers. He (Mr. Jones) readily consented to the idea, and had no intention to prejudice the cause of Labour, and he was sure Mr. Williams would be the last man to take advantage of his support to that end. Mr. Morris had accused him in his letter in the Rhondda Leader of a desire to give copy to the Press. He (Mr. Jones) had no desire to do so. and a perusal of his interview would disclose the fact that it was with extreme reluctance lie consented to give his views. He desired to let the matter drop until it had been considered by the Council. It was a curious fact that the week before he gave copy to the Press, some otHer person had been so eager in this direction as to supply a report of Mr. Morris' notice of motion to two other weekly papers. The charge of
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giving copy to the Press could, therefore, not be confined to him alone. He had been accused of being indiscreet and dis- loyal to the Council because he had opened a discussion in the Press, whilst the very next issue of the paper contained a very strong letter from Mr. Morris. He had no intention to prejudice the cause of Labour or prejudicing any member of the Council. The meeting, as stated in the interview which appeared in the "Leader," was called for the express purpose of enabling the local members to give an account of their stewardship. Mr. Morris, in his letter, declared that Councillor Jones' action had been resented by a large number of workmen." That might be so, but on the other hand, he (Mr. Jones) had been complimented by an equally large number for his action. He did not know which of the two classes that ought to be listened to. Mr. Morris had stated that he was Labour exclu- sively, and denied him (Mr. Jones) the right to attend other people's meetingis. It was only eighteen months ago that Mr. Morris himself stood on the platform of a tradesman at Treherbert who was contesting a seat on the Board of Guar- dians. and the same argument might be used by the Trades Council at Treherbert as was now being used against him. What was the difference between them? If in the eighteen months that had elapsed Mr. Morris had repented of the folly of his action, why not give him (Mr. Jones) the same period to consider his position. He, at present at any rate, felt he had committed no sin whatever. Mr. Jones, proceeding, said he had been much hurt by Mr. Morris' state- ment that in justifying his action, he (Mr. Jones) was either trying to hoodwink and mislead his supporters, or a candid ad- mission of his ignorance of the significance and aims of the Labour movement. He was either treated as a traitor or an ignoramus. (Here Mr. Jones broke down). He was willing to abide by the ruling of the chair, and if it was ruled that he had done wrong, he was willing to forfeit his position as their representative but he would have a word to say to the ratepayers. He was not prepared to follow any. extreme man amongst them. How far was he to be guided by his own judgment? Were not his experience and knowledge of any bene- fit to him, or was he to be treated simply as a delegate? He would like them to tell him. and then he would know what course to adopt. If he were allowed to use his, own discretion he would continue in their service, but if he was to be treated as a delegate and said to be a traitor, he could not bear it, and it would be honourable on Mr. Morris' part to withdraw his statement or prove it. He had the same principles at heart as Mr. Morris had, and he objected to being the object of ridicule, or held up to the ignominy of a notice of motion. In the discussion that followed, Mr. David Thomas (checkweigher) declared that he was the chairman of the meeting in question. He was there because he understood it to be merely a meeting to hear the reports of the three members. If he knew there would be any opposition on the part of the Council to his taking part at that meeting, he would have refrained from doing so and would have advised Councillor Ed. Joses to do the same. Under the circumstances, he did not think that Mr. Jones' action deserved reprobation, as the meeting was as much his as the other two members. Other members having spoken, the fol- lowing resolution was proposed by Mr. Morris to be taken back to the lodges for their decision: That this Pentre Trades and Labour Council condemns the action of Coun- cillor Ed. Jones that he. a paid Labour Councillor under this .Council, -should have appeared upon the platform of two Councillors not identified with the local Labour body, believing such action to be prejudicial to direct Labour representa- tion. a violation of the declared opinion of the Trades Council, also an act of dis- loyalty in that this Council, at the moment when he appeared on the plat- form concerned, had under consideration the advisability or otherwise of contest- ing one of the seats held by one of the Councillors mentioned; further pointing out that such action to be a violation of Rules 2 and 25 of the constitution." The motion to submit the resolution to the affiliated lodges was agreed to.
1 he Socialist Evangel. Idols and Idlers. Mr. G. H. Roberts. M P., at Tonypandy. On Monday night last, at Old Bethania Chapel, Pandy Square, Mr. G. H. Roberts, M.P., delivered a lecture on "Socialism and Current Events." Mr. Roberts is the Chief Whip of the Labour Party, and visited Mid-Rhondda under the auspices of the Clydach Vale, Tony- pandy, and Penygraig branches of the I.L.P. The meeting as presided over by Mr. Wm. Moore, Tonypandy. In his opening remarks, the Chairman stated that there had been a great outcry of late against the Socialists holding their public meetings on Sundays, and now that one was being held on a week-night, he had fully expected the place would have been packed, and was very disappointed to see so small an audience. Mr. Roberts, rising to address the meeting, said that he had learned to ,respect differences of opinion, but a part of his policy was to speak what lie believed to be true. without regarding whether his audience was with him or no. Just now, he said, people were alarmed by a portion of the Press saying that all Socialists were bad men, and that they would bring the country tumbling down upon the heads of the people. He was in the fortunate position of repre- senting the two sections of the movement, namely, Trades Unionist and Socialist, and he was a well-known Socialist because of his Trades Unionism. So long as the people allowed a small section of the com- munity to hold and control the means by which thev had to live, they could not exnect to be the happy people they ought to be. He had spent no time in abusing the older parties, but rather recognised that they had played their part. He could not conceive a Labour movement in the Middle Ages, because education was not ripe enough for it. The political party that might have served a couple of hundred years ago was not quite so good to-day for the present conditions and needs of the rieople. In the gool old Book they were exhorted to judge a tree by its fruits. He asked his listeners to judge by the fruits they had plucked from the various political powers, and ask them- selves whether they were satisfied with the results. Why was it that members of the various parties were invariably associated with those who kept the work- ing classes in subjection? Continuing, the lecturer said that he had listened in his younger days to some of the speeches of politicians who now adorned the front benches of the House of Commons, and he was inclined to the opinion that people must not altogether listen to the fair butterfly wings of pro- mises. The working classes had been gulled. The interest of the master class and the working class were not and could not be identical, but they should not blame the landlord and abuse the capitalist, because they had been placed in that position by the people and should be got rid of by the people. They should understand that the conditions if life were constantly changing from time to time, and they should use weapons that would assist in removing the evils com- plained of. He knew it was a hard job for some men to come out from the older parties they had peen associated with, and there was an inclination on the part of some people to follow in the paths their fathers had followed before them, but now the time had come when such men should let go the apron strings and steer for themselves. Proceeding, the speaker said that Trades Unionism did not suffer from its association with the Socialistic move- ment. but rather benefited from it. It was his privilege, he said, to be the Chief Whip of the Independent Labour Party, and he could not call to mind any occa- sion when the Trade Unionists could stand aside and say that the Socialist party were leading them astray, but it had been the other way about, and the Socialistic move- ment had been a great support to Trades Unionism. The people had had older men tacked on to other Parliamentary parties, said the speaker, but their individuality had ceased to count; but, on the other hand, the independent forces were now admitted to be the most important forces in modern pilitics. When he joined the Socialist movement first of all, the people said that something was gone wrong with the boy's head," and that he was fit to be sent to an asylum; but if Socialists were gone wrong, then all the asylums in the United Kingdom would be unable to contain one-tenth of the Socialists in Norwich. He realised there was quite so much genius attached to the ranks of Socialism as could be found in any other part of society. The capitalists "had to buy the brains of the working classes to .work their machines, and the Socialists, given a fair chance, would compare with' any other portion of the community. The fact of anyone having graduated at any college or university was not sufficient. What was wanted was to be graduated in the college of experience. Some people, continued the speaker, seemed to think that the working class sprang from quite a different origin to what those of the' upper classes did, but he" was of the opinion that there was as much of the Divine spark stored in the breast of the Socialist as there was in anv member of the House of Lords. Socialism was not irreligious, but it sought to make itself known. He was a Socialist, he said, because he thought it was up-to-date, and it was just and righteous. Religion would remain the sham which it was at the pre- sent time, unless Socialism reigned. The- ultimate aim of the Socialists was that religion should be lived and not only taught. Socialism could be lived, and its real aim was to make human relationship) a, possibility. If the parsons who called the Socialist movement a dangerous one, had the power of independent thought, they would understand that the motive of the Socialist cause was as pure as theirs. The true Socialist refused to fall down and worship. All the standard that was required for Socialism was true char- acter and capacity. Continuing, the speaker said that as he was on his journey to Mid-Rhondda he had occasion to come through Cardiff and he noticed that the people were flocking to see a certain lord. Why was it they flocked to see this im- portant personage? It was because of his title and his wealth, and not because of his manhood. Missionaries were sent out to those that worshipped idols, but in Cardiff and elsewhere they could get scores of people who would worship an idler. Socialism made life possible because it ensured the right to work. A great majority of the people had not yet known what life really was. On some tomb- stones it was stated that the person placed underneath the soil had fallen asleep, whereas if the truth was only known, they had never been properly awake. The speaker said that he was concerned in promoting discontent and discontent founded upon knowledge. The working classes of to-day had raised themselves to a higher standard than they were half a century ago, although at the present time the poor were too poor to buy what was necessary to enjoy life. and nothing short of a more equitable distribution of wealth would solve the question. Some of the dukes understood that as Socialism moved forward, they would have to recede back- ward. He made no secret of the fact that he supported the Budget, not so much for what it contained, because it was not Socialistic, but it had a Socialistic ten- dency. He fullv agreed that unearned increment should be taxed. He believed that Mr. Lloyd George would be more at home with the Labour Party than with some of his own party, and if the Budget proceeded in the present direction, it would greatly assist the progress of the Socialistic movement. He (the speaker) had seen during the discussion on the Budget. Liberals unite with Unionists when the proposals contained in the Budget touched their interests. Coal- owners, shipowners, and landowners were united, and neither party could be judged by their political labels. The Millennium was not come even if the Budget was passed. It had to meet the House of Lords, and he entertained no fear that it would go through the Upper House. In conclusion, Mr. Roberts said that he had no gospel of hatred to preach, but one of brotherhood. He firmly believed that far from Socialism being antagonistic to the home life, or to the Empire, it was essential for both (anplause). Mr. Morgan Jones sang solos during the evening.
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