SETTLEMENT ARRIVED AT. THE MINIMUM WAGE CONCEDED. CONCILIATION BOARD PROVISION. A seuiemont was arrived at on Friday evening in connection with the Scottish coal crisis. As a result of the conference of coaiowners' and miners' representatives with Mr. Churchill at the Board of Trade, the owners accepted the principle or the minimum wage or 6s. per day, and it was announced that notices were not to be tendered. Thus a national strike is averred. The following are the terms:- A minimum wage of tis. has been con- ceded to the miners. An agreement has been made for three years. The amount of the equivalent of the minimum to be referred to arbitration. The amount of advances by steps also to be arbitrated upon. The arbiter to be mutually appointed by the parties, or, failing agreement, by énÐ Speaker of the House of Commons. OFFICIAL STATEMENT. The following official statement was issued from the Board of Trade late on Friday night with regard t-o the settlement of the dispute in the Scottish coal trade:- The conference on the threatened Scot- tish. coal dispute was resumed this morn- ing at the Board of Trade to consider a proposal for settlement put forward by the President prior to the adjournment of the conference Oil the previous evening, based on suggestions made by Mr. Askwith, the chairman of the joint sub-committee. After prolonged consideration by both parties, an understanding was provisionally arrives! at ca the lines of the above pro- posal, with various amendments. At seven p.m. the miners' representatives retired to confer with their colleagues of tlw :JIine¡- Federation at the West- minster Palace Hotel. The conference met again at the Board of Trade at 9.30, Mr. Churchill in the chair, when the following agreement was con- cluded — Agreement arrived at at a conference held at the Board of Trade on July 30,1909, between representatives of the coaiowners of Scotland and the Scottish Miners' Federation. 'l1 The Conciliation Board shall be con- tinued. with the provision that there shall he obligatory a neutral chairman '.whose decision in case of difference shall be final and binding), to be selected by such methods shall be mutually agreed upon by the parties, and failing agreement by the Speaker of the House of Commons and the Board, and that tbi.03 agrooment shall remain in force until the 1st of August, 3912, and unless six months before that date notice of termination is given by either party it shall remain in force thereafter, subject to six months' notice of termination given by either party at any time. Z I The principle of the 50 per cost, on the 13S8 basis as a minimum wago is conceded, and wages shall no: be reduced below that point. In respect «;f tho concession of an imme- diate 50 per cent, minimum, it is agr.-cd. a) That the basis pric. for the 50 per cent, minimum a lld the subsequent step's eh r.U be referred to an arbiter. The reference t1 the arDiter shall be adjusted by parties, and shall te un the footing that the rela- tion between prices a.nd wages in the past is rec-j-saised as equitable for the purposes of this arbitration, and that the new bas-is price shall not be below tho recent basis price, namely, 7/5, 45. In filing the new ba.ns price and steps, consideration is to be given to the effect which the granting of an increased mini- mum wage would ha-e on tho relation between prices and wages, and also any other new circumstances bearing on in- creased o- decreased, costs since the agree- ment, of 15-04 was entered into which the arbiter considers relevant. bl That j: for any month or months du-ing the period from the date of this agreement to March 31. 1910. the ascertained prices do not warrant a 50 per cent, wage under this memorandum, then for a like number of months any increased percentage in wages accruing under the memorandum shall be diminished by 61. 5 The neutral chairman, in giving his decision as to the alterations in the rate of wages, shall take into account the state an.I prospects of trade. (4) Any difference regarding the interpreta- tion of this memorandum or any difference regarding the terms of reference under Clause 2 hereof shall bo referred to the decision of the neutral chairman, to be mutually appointed by the parties, or, fail- ing agreement, by the Speaker of the House of Commons. 5' The arbiter to act under Clause2 hereof shall be mutually appointed by the parties, and, failing agreement, by the Speaker of the House of Commons. The agreement wa-s signed by the repre- sentative*: of the coaiowners of Scotland, the Scottish Miners Federation, the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, and the Board of Trade. SATISFACTION OF SCOTTISH MINERS. à. (;.[;1E:0W correspondent, telegraphing 0:1 Saturday, stated that the coal trade settle- ment has resulted in a buoyancy in Scotch industrial circles. An immediate effect is expected toO be a reaction in prices, principally for export coal, whiie freights, which have been adversely affected, are also expected t.o improve. Mr. Robertson, vice-chairman of the Scot- tish Cool Merchants' Association, admitted on Saturday that the merchant:- had for the first j time in history made provisional arranre- ments for the importation of German coal. Throughout Midlothian and Haddington- shire the miner- are satisfied with the settle- I ment. The miners at several of the Eastern District coiiicries have luted their tools, thinking no settlement had been arrived at, and a number of collieries are on holiday. DIARY OF THE DISPUTE, The following is a dory of the Scottish nlners' dispute: July 3.—Scottish coal owners at meeting in Glasgow unanimously decided to post notices immediately, insisting on a reduc- tion from 6s. a day to 5s. 6d., notices to come into operation on July 26. July 9.—Scottish miners' executive met, and referred question to Scottish Federa- tion. July 12.—'Whole matter debated by Scot- tish Federation, which decided to ask the support of the British Miners' Federation. July 15.—C-a^e submitted in London to British Miners' Federation. Conference adjourned. Jiiiy 15.—British Federation decided to have a ballot C'D. Question ci general stop- page in support of Scottish miners. July 18.—Ballot papers issued on ail coal- fields. July M.—Through Board o.f T-rade inter- vention. a v. eek's armistice was agreed uikmi; a joint, sub-committee was appointed to consider points in dispute; no reduction of wages wa-s to take place on July 25. The question ;;1lb!Jl;ti.e\1 to tbB joint sub-com- mittee was:— What conditions ought to be finally attached to the recognition of a new mini- mum, both as regards the limit and rate of variatij-n of wages above the minimum, and the procedure by which changes of waujs should be regulated. .1 ".Lv 23.—He-suit of miners' ballot declaredFor stoppage, 513,361; against, 62.980, Decision of Federation that, failing an agreement next day at Board of Trade, Scottish mCners ceu-e work July 31, and all other miners on August 31. July i9. —Conference at Board of Trade- Mr. Churchill present. Both grides more conciliatory. Meeting adjourned. July 50.—Conference resumed, adjourned until 7.0 p.m., and again adjourned until 9.J3 p.m. Settlement announced shortly afterwards. OPINluNS ON CHANGE AT CARDIFF. There '6 such a strong holiday feeling- on the Cardiff Exchange on Saturday that it v. as practically impossible to test, as regards ihti effect on prices, the result of the settle- ment of the Scotch coal crisis. The com- promise was received with very mixed feet ing;, and many persons, while acknowledging tha.t it was a- good thing to avoid a strike, at the same time regretted that the whole trouble was not threshed out now instead :cf txnng postponed for a few months, when the owners may have a more difficult task to Webt.
SOUTH WALES NOTICES. SOME ALREADY TENDERED BY THE tfEN. Messages communicating the decision in the Scottish crisis were received in various districts in South Wales on Friday night, 11 and the men were accordingly instructed not to tender their on Saturday morn- ing, previously arranged. Most of the night men, however, had already handed in their notices on Friday night. These will ¡'3ve to be withdrawn, while strenuOlli3 efforts were made to reach the day men on Friday night, so a- to prevent them from handing in the notices which had been pore- pared for them, Mr. Tom Richards, secretary of the South Wales Federation, in announcing the settle- meat, stated that notices are not to be tendered, and checkweighers and lodge secre- tarics are to prevent the workmen tendering them.
WELSH MINERS' WAGES. NO ALTERATION TO BE DEMANDED. A !I1ætir.s of the executive council of the Monm-oat-hshire and South Wales Miners' Federation was held on Saturday, At present the wa-ges of the men stand at 47j per cent, a.bove the standard of 1879. The maximum is 60 per cent., which was reached fifteen months ago. At a meeting of the executive council of the Monmouths-hire and South Wales Miners' Federation held on Saturday the wages ques- tion was discuseed. No official intimation had been received of the resolve of the owners, but information ha.d been gleaned unofficially, and under the circumstances it was agreed that no counter-proposals for an advance of wages should be made. The wages will now remain for the next three months at the present rate. At this meeting Mr. John Williams, M.P., presided. The greater part of the business had reference to matters arising in connec- tion with the recent agreement entered into following upon the parsing of the Mines Eight Hours Act. There were also present Mr. T. Eichards, M.P. (secretary), and Mr. A. Onions, J.P. (treasurer). An official endorsement was given to the policy of the men's representatives on the eight hours sub-committee in joining issue with the employers' representatives as to the interpretation to be placed on Clause 3 of the recent agreement, the employers' main- taining that they were entitled to make j deductions in respect of extra turns where thEs0 were parely overtime, while the men's representatives contended that no change whatever could be made until after the matter had been investigated by the Ooncilia- tion Board. OFFICIAL REPORT. The following official report was supplied to the press — It was stated that Mr. Richards had written to Mr. Dalziel that, in consequence of the report of the settlement of the Scottish dispute not having been received in time to prevent some of the workmen handing in their notices on Saturday morning, the workmen's representatives desired to officially withdraw all notices that had been tendered by the workmen. Graig-Mert.hyr Birch Rock Colliery.—A dispute having arisen at this colliery in con- sequence of the owners forcing three men to work in a place without consultation with the workmen, as required by the reoent agreement entered into by the Conciliation Board, it was resolved that the matter be placed on the agenda of the next Conciliation Beard meeting. Wages.—The report of the general wage committee was receive;! and considered, and it v.-as resolved that no application be made for an advance in wages on thelstofAugTist. Lock-out Pay.—Several applications for lock-out pay consequent upon stoppages v,-hen the Eight Hoairs Aot came into opera- tion were deferred to a special meeting to be held for that purpose. The. Extra Hou^.—Mr. D. Watts Morgan reported that a number of workmen in the Rhondda district were being proceeded -against in the police-court-for not working the extra. hour demanded by the employers under Clause 5 of the Jog-lit Hours Act. It was resolved to leave the matter in the hands of the officials and the Federation solicitor (Mr. W. P. Nicholas). Overtime.—The report of the joint sub-com- mittee that met on Friday was received and adopted, and the action taken by the work- men's representatives with regard to the question of overtime was endorsed. ALLEGED VICTIMISATION AT MEBTHYR. A meeting of the Mcrthyr Dlsi rict of Miners was held on Saturday, Mr. John Evans presiding. The amount of money; received was £ 159—a big drop upon the pre- i vi'Hts month. Mr. John Williams, the agent,! was authorised to attend the annual con-1 ference of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain at Newcastle and the Trades Union] Congress at Ipswich. Several cases of alleged victimisation were dealt with, and the men concerned were granted victimisa- tion pa.y. TRAGIC DEATH OF DOW LAIS MINERS' SECRETARY. Mr. David Thomas, Wimborne-street, Dow- his, the secretary and deputy-agent of the local district of the South Wales and Mon- mouthshire Federation of Miners, died sud- denly on Saturday night. The daceased, who was widely known and respected, had not enjoyed the best of health for some time, and owing to constitutional weakness resigned his position as checkweigher at No. 1 Colliery. Bedlmcg, four years ago. Owing to the preparatory work in connection with the issue of the ballot papers to the local miners on the question of supporting the Scotch colliery workmen, he had not been out of the house since Thursday evening. He asked hi-s sister, Mrs. Ann Thomas, to apply a mustard leaf to his chest, and in I her presence and that of his brother (Jlr. Henry Thomas' he had a seizure, and expired in about ten minutes. The late Mr. David Thomas was 56 years of age.
WHOSE WHISKY WAS IT? ABERCYNON LAW SUIT IN CHANCERY DIVISION. In the Chancery Division on Friday (before Mr. Justice Warrington* :11r-. T. H. Carson, K.C., in the case of Aloorhcad, trading; as Henry Thompson and Co., of Newsy, Ireland, v, Allen,, said he had a motion on behalf of the plaintiffs to restrain the deieidant, who carried on the business of a!1 hotel- keeper at Abercynon, Glamorgan, from passing off whisky as Thompson's whisky. The plaintiffs had furnished copies of their affidavits to the defendant four days ago, and that morning they had received eight affidavit,- i il answer. 1:1 these circumstances there must be an adjournment. But ho sug- gested there should be s:>ao kind of under- taking. The defendant denied that there had been -vny passing off. Mr. Henry Terrell, K.C., for the defendant, said this was a very extraordinary case. The plaintiffs gave defendant" their evidence on Tuesday. His client was then at the Glamorgan Assizes, and he immediately pro- ceeded to get the necessary cvidonco to answer the affidavits of the plaintiffs. One of th0 defendant's witnesses wa.s :i former barmaid at the hotel, and she had left to get married. The moment the defendant. coi:id get her evidence he filed his affidavits, The defendant absolutely denied the evidence, of the plaintiffs. Mr Justice Warrington 'interposing1' said the facts being denied he could not grant an injunction. Mr. Terreli. continuing, said tho defen- dant's case was that a woman customer was j told that they had not Thompson's whisky, but had another bi-and, and it was then j alleged that the woman said. "Cannot you! put it n p iu one of Thompson's bcttlcs?" Mr. Carson said his clients were anxious to take an early trial. Subject to his lord- ship's permission, the case would he down for trial on November 9. The costs of this motion were to be costs in the action. Mr. Justice Warrington approved.
EXCHEQUER GRANTS. BRECON COUNTY COUNCIL DEMAND REVISION, A quarterly meeting of the Breoonshire C-c.nn.;y Conncii waR held, Con Friday, under j the presidency of Mr. G. Wheatly Cobb. A letter was received from the Local Government Board sanctioning the borrowing of £1,350 for tha purpose of the council's contribution towards the cost of the new bridge at Cefn. The standing joint commi, tee reported that they had appointed Mr. Henry F. W. Harries as clerk of the ppacp and of the county (,ouneil. The Chairman: Although we have had no voice jn the appointment, we heartily wel- come Mr. Harries. The committee could not 1 possibly have made a better selection. (Cheers.) At the previous meeting c-f the council an application was received from the Bi-ynmawr Urban Council that the number of wards be increased to five, and that the number of members of the urban council be increased to fifteen. A committee of the county council had held an inquiry, and they now reeom- llwndM that. the application fee granted. The council agreed to the recommendation. The council adopted a resolution of the finance committee, a6king fcr a revision of the allocation of the Exchequer contribution in aid of local taxation.
11nteF5 you use BORAX DRY SOAP for washing ck,th89 or house-cleaninsr, you hsve not found the best. Try it. and be convinced. In packets every whore. i viae
I FUNERAL OF THE LATE SIR ARTHUR STEPNEY SCENE IX THE STREETS AT LLAXELLY. I [Photo Anthony, Llanellj*.
LATE SIR ARTHUR STEPNEY FUNERAL AT LLANELLY: PUBLIC MOURNING. The mortal remains of the late Sir Arthur Co well-Stepney. Bart., who die-cl at Yuma, Arizona, on The 2nd of July, were laid to rest at Llanelly Church Cemetery on Satur- day afternoon amid manifestations of deep regret. The funeral was of a military charac- ter. During the morning the bell of the ancient church, where the body remained overnight, was tolled. Whilst the service at the church was proceeding the members of the 4th Welsh Regiment of Territorials—who had left camp specially for the occasion- lined outside the churchyard, and the route to the cemetery was densely crowded. A short service having been conducted at the church by the Revs. Wateyn Morgan, vicar of All Saints' Church, Llanelly; John Wil- liams, Llanddewi Velfrey, and Anthony Britten, vicar of GoTslas, the coffin was borne into the hearse, and the cortege was arranged in the following order:—Police, under the direction of Superintendent Rogers and Inspectors Jones and Nicholas; fire bri- gade, members of the urban district council, Llanelly Harbour Trust, board of guar- dians, chamber of commerce, and public library committee (to which institution the deceased baronet, was a great bene- factor; magistrates. Territorials, agricul- tural tenants of the deceased. Stepney Estate employes and office staff, church choir,, hearse, mourners, and general public. On the way the Territorial band played the "Dead March." At the graveside an impressive service was conducted. The choir sang "Bydd myrdd o rhyfeddodau," and the buglers sounded the Last Post. The coffin was of heavy oxydised copper, bearing the following- inscription:—"E. A. A. K. Cowell-Stepney. Born, 26th December, 1834. Died, 2nd July. 1909." The bearers were fourteen of the deceased baronet's eldest agricultural tenants, and the mourners were Lady Stepney. Miss Stepney, Mr. Allen Stepney Gulstone, and Mr. George Gulstone. There also attended Lieutenant-general Sir James Hills-Johnes, Sir James Drummond, Bart., Mr. Dudley W. Drummond, Mr. Thomas Jones, Brynrhodin (estate agent to the deceased baronet), and Mrs. Jones, Mr. J. W. C. Fraear 'of the firm of Fraear and Chomley. Lincoln's Inn Fields), solicitors to the deceased; Mr. John Roberts, mineral agent, Swansea; Mr. T. Redfern, London; Mr. C. R. M. Lewis, Stradey Ca-stle. Ac. Wreaths were sent by the following :Lady Stepney, Miss Stepney, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Jones, Brynrhcdin; Mr. and Mrs. John Roberts and Mr. Applet on, Swansea; Sir James Drummond, Stepney Estate office staff. Stepney Estate workmen, Mr. Thomas Redfern, Mr. and Mrs. Morton Evans, Llan- gennech Park; Mr. G-eorpre Reggie. Enberley B.C.); Mr. H. C. Akroyd. Vancouver; Car- marthenshire Agricultural Society, Sir James and Lady HiHs-Johnes. Mrs. Jeremiah Williams, Llanelly. &c- The magisterial bench were represented by Messrs. Ernest Trubshaw. D.L.. Joseph Wil- liams. Thomas Griffiths Burry Port'), Thomas Jones (Brynmairj, Frank Nevill, Robert Mar- grave. Henry Wilkins, R. W. Evans. Dan Williams, Joseph Joseph, and W. W. Brodi-e 'clerki; the Llanelly Urban District Council: Messrs. E. P. Jones (chairman), R, Guest. J.P., E. Willis Jones, Xathan G. Griffiths, Henry W. Spowart (clerk), George Watkeys (surveyor), Dr. S. J. Roderick Im2di- cal officer of hea-ltaj, and others; library com- mittee: Messrs. John Innes (chairman). Her- bert Newark (vice-chairman), John Simlett, Robert Stuart. J. G. uaw, Martin R. Richards, and Jonathan Boulton (librarian); harbour) trust: Captains John Williams and David Thomas, and Messrs. Jo^n Davies, George K Blake, John John, John Rees (harbour | superintendent), &c. Mr. W. Llewelyn Wil- liams. M.P., Colonel W. R, Roberts, Captain W. Bramwell Jones. Captain Phillips (Burry PovtV and burgeon-major Evan Evans were also present.
AFTER ELEVEN YEARS. DRAMATIC ARREST IN CARDIFF COURT. A curious case came befo-e the Cardiff .Stipendiary on Friday, when Archibald M'Gil- i vary, of Eldon-rc-ad, was summoned by hie wife, Elizabeth, for persistent cruelty. Mr. T Evan J ones defended. Complainan t said defendant was her second husband, a,nd she left him on the 17th inst., because he nearly strangled her. He wcuid come home drunk every Saturday, > keep his money, and she had to fly from the hour's and tario refuge at Boath Police-station and the workhouse. He was practical!y kept by her. and lie brought his s*ob, aged 25, to j her house for a fortnight. Mr. Jones: Do you ever go to pawnbrokers and pledge tiling.- i'—1 runo rad to jjo l'or him or get a hiding. Did you pawn his suit?—No, he did it him-1 self. He's only gut the suit he r ears. '.Laugh- ter.) Have you not pulled ycitr husband out of bei?—No, sir, vioe versa. 1 had to sleep on the floor with my child. its it not a fa-ct that your husband has been chastising you to bring yea up properly? The Stipendiary 'quickly): What was that? Mr. Jones: I didn't mean that. His Worship. But. you said "chastise." Mr. Jones: I ce £ T your pardon. His Worship: Xo, beg h-c-r pardon, not on re. Mr. Jones fbewing to Mrs. )f-Gih-ary): I bog your pardon. Continuing his cross-cxamination, Mr. Jone« turned to the witness and asked, "Did you ever take a jar of whisky to the workhouse?" The Magistrate: I should have thought the question on the face of it is too ridiculous to be put. The workhouse officials would not allow such a thing. Mr. J oncs: I won't press it then. An order of 6s. a woek and costs was made, the wife to have the custody of the children. R'T'SBAMD ARRESTED. A dramatic sequel was provided to the case when the wife returned to court and made an application t:, the magistra te for relief until the husband paid her some money. Inspector Bingham-. The husband has just! been arrested, sir, for not paying a fine when lie assaulted his first wife, eleven years ago. His Worship (to the wlfe); I am very sorry for you, but I can cr.ly advise you to go to the guardians if you are destitute. I have no fund to give you relief.
CA UM A II I H EN BOYS COURT DANG EH. The coroner (Mr. Thomas Walters) hold an inquest at Carmarthen on Saturday respect- ing the death of a five-year-old boy named George Billing Curnick, stepson of William Curnick, 12, Parade-rocd, who was killed by a Great Western Railway shunting- train. The deceased was riding on the side of a truck when he fell on to the line, and the wheels of wagons (one containing a cannon for the barracks) passed him. Edith Eleanor Curnick, mother of the deceased, said she had often warned him not to go near the place, and John James, shunter, stated that lie had great trouble with children, who were sometimes to bo found under the trucks while they were in motion. No sooner did he send boys away than they came back. The Coroner exonerated everyone from blame, and the jury returned a verdict of "Accidental death."
CHARGE AGAINST A NORTH WALES SOLICITOR. At Colwyn Bay on Saturday Edward Alfred Orahh. solicitor, and clerk to the Abergele justices, the Abergele Urban District Council, and the governors of the Abergele County School, was committed for trial on bail, charged by the Treasury with converting to his own use and benefit clients' r.oney.
SIR HUGH ROWLANDS DEAD i GALLANTRY IN THE CRDfEA: i VARIOUS COMMANDS. General Sir Hugh Rowlands, V.C., K.C.B., died on Sunday morning at Plastirion, his birthplace, netir Carnarvon. General Rowlands, who was 81 years of age, was a soldier of whom the Welsh nation felt proud. Entering the Army in 1849. he first saw service in the Crimea as a captain, being attached to the 41st Corps. He was present at Alma and Inkerman (heir;g severely wounded at the latter), and at the J siege and fall of Sebastopol*, including the f attacks on the Redan, where he wa.s wounded. For his service in those operations he gained a medal with three clasps and the brevet of major, was created Kniarht of the Legion of Honour, and was awarded the fifth class of the Order of the Medjidie n,nd the Turkish medal, while for gallantry displayed at Inkerman he was given the Victoria Croes. (Subsequently General Rowlands served in the Kaffir War, being specially mentioned! in dispatches, and again awa.rded a medal with clasp. lie also was in command of the Ban-gale re district of the Madras Army, and became Lieutenant of the Tower, whence he was transferred to the command of the troops of the North British district. When released from this appointment he returned to his Welsh home.
CEASED TO GROW. The accompanying picture is that of little Fanny Shcrman. of Bargoed, who is seven years of age, and who since ehe was one year and eight months old, has not grown an inch. She is only 32 inches high, and weighs 251b. She is such a ANNIE SHERM-AN (Aged Seven). dot that children of her own age take her in their arms arid nurse her. The taller child is the daughter of a neighbour, also seven years of age, and tne picture shows tho remarkable corn par iron. Fanny Sherman i? i nut deformed in i' ny way, and her iniellect is of the brightest
LLWYN ON RESERVOIR. | SPECIAL SALARIES FOR SPECIAL WORK. A discussion took place at the Cardiff [Waterworks Commit tea on Friday, Alderman Robert Hughes presiding, as to the relation- ship between Mr. C. II. Priestley, waterworks engineer, and the city council in reference to the construction of the proposed no reservoir in the Brecon Beacons. There had been a proposition that Mr. Priestley';1 salary should be increased by £ 253. The agreement drawn up at Mr. Priestley's appointment in 1895 stated that he was to act 2.5 en;1nCB" and Jl1:1.nab't'I" of the "existing waterworks and the area of distribution of supply." The Chairman said the town-clerk held that they could not call upon Mr. Priestley to Supervise the c"onfTt"-nr.ti.n of the new T'C'T\'f}1: undT that apm-ement. Mr. A. 0000 argued åg-nl!1' :t]1 inCTca8û of salary. The Chairman said if they engaged an ont- side engineer they would have to pay him four times the amount thr-y would pay Mr. Priestley. Mr. G A. t'v-c(X)ènhc; Yos. t,h3.t is eo. Ur, G. F. Fo-rsdike held that the agreement could be madD to const-rue anything. At the su me time, he strongly favoured an increase. Mr. A. Good said an official wss paid for his ability, and could .n.>! employ moro time than the day allowed. The committee rcmlverl to reaffirm the previous re-solution of the committee passed Ion July 16, whereby it was agreed to sive Mr. Priestley a eeparate salary of £ 230 per annum during: the construction of the Llwyn On Reservoir. They rlso derided to rrant the deputy-engineer, Mr. Neil Peters, an increase of JE75 on the same understanding, and to give an advance of 10s. per week under mmihr conditions to Mr. RimeH, engineering assistant.
CONFLICT WITH THE L.G.B LAMPETER AND LLANYBYTHER R.D. COUNCILS. At a joint meeting of the Lampeter and Llanybyther Rural District Councils tho question of the sanitary inspector's salary was again discussed, consequent upon a letter received from the Local Government Board. Tho salary given to the officer is -640 per annum, in consideration (11 which he devotes two days a week to the duties. The letter statæd that in the opinion of the board an inspector vi nuisances could not carry out efficiently all the duties devolving upon him, including house-to-house inspection. within an area of 114 square miles, contain- j ing a population of 7,500, in two days a week, In the circumstances of the two rural dis-! tricts, the board considered that at least three day- week should be given by the inspector, a;:u if the district councils wished to obtain re-payment from the county fund of half the salary paid to the officer, the board n> request them to increase that salary to such an amount as would enable them to require the inspector to devote three days a wwk to their service. The Rev. J. N. Evans (Llangybi) reminded the councils that the resolution recently passed by them was that, unless the Local Government Boand agreed to their proposal, Government Boand agreed to their proposal, they should Teturu to the original arrangre- ment ( £ 33 lCs. per annum), consequently he did not they should further consider the matter. At a meeting of the Lampeter Rural Dis- trict Council held subsequently, Mr. William Davies preeiding, it was agreed to adhere to the councils' resolution.
LANDSLIP AT SWANSEA DOCK WORKS. A slip of earth which took place at the King's Dock works at Swansea, near the lock, during shunt-ins: operations carried with it a locomotive and five wagons. Foriu- nateiy, no one was in.mrea, and the damage 1 to the rolling stook wae sliuht.
THE GAME OF "HOOPLA." LEGALITY CHALLENGED BY BRIDG- END POLICE. David Boswcll. a showman, was sum- moned at Bridgend on Saturday for gaming with rinigs at Bridgend Fair Ground. Mr. T. J. Hughes was for the defence. Superintendent Menhinick said that the defendant was carrying on a system of g-aming which was rather unique. A number of articles were placed on a board fairly near each other, and to get them it was necessary to ring them with wooden hoops, which were charged for at the rate of ,1. each. Owing to the large size of the more valuable articles, over which the hoops would only tightly fit, and to the fact that the hoops re-bounded very much, it was almost impossible to secure anything better than a packet cf sweets. The police had watched a large number of young men allured into spending their money by the gaudy things on the board. Inspector Evans said he told defendant tha-t he had received complaints of children spending money there, and suspest-ed that he should close. Boswell refused, and said, "This is a game which has been tried in the High Court and certified to be a genuine game. It is from the White City." George Dixon, boots at the Alexandra Hotel, Bridgend, said he spent 20s. in rings, and received articles value 3s. Mr. Hughes: You. are evidently not a good player. Mr. Hughes submitted that there was no case to answer. It was the dllty of the prosecution to satisfy the bench that it was a game of cha-nca. 'Ihe Bench dismissed the case, but warned the defendant that the rings he used must be large enough to cittarly encircle the articles on the board. There was no doubt whatever that defendant was drawing the line very close. Summonses against Alfred North and Richard Buss. showmen, were similarly dealt with.
ABERGAVENNY SMASH. EXCURSION TRAIN DELAYED THREE HOURS. An accident occurred on the railway at Abergavenny, causing- much delay to the heavy holiday traffic on both the Great Wet-tern and the London and North Western Railways, but, fortunately, there were no personal injuries. It ap-pears that a train of empty passenger coaches and goods trucks was due to leave Abergavenny shortly after nine o'clock, and during shunting operations two of the trucks moun-too the platform, and, overturning, bLocked both cf the linee. An excursion train from South Wales was delayed for three hours. The breakdown trang quickly arrived, and the soaine a retna,rka.ble one. The tracks and coachc« havint: left 'he rails ran alon-; the sleepers for pome considcra-blo distance, and were piled up together. Aft<T some time the first train wae enabled to rasa, and as it did so the passengers were requested to Mind your heads, please," •a* the space between the train and wreckage was very narrow. RHYMNET RAILWAY MISHAP. A serious mishap ocourrcd at the Pont- lottyn Colliery siding-, near Pontlott-yn Station. An eng-lne was clearing the large coal sidin.g, and had proceeded abo-at 30 yards, when ten wagons of small coal dashed broadside into th-o other wagons, upsetting two and throwing them ovei the bank. A breakdown gang was sent for, and arrived in about 0,]1 hour, and under +;1b direction of Mr. Sellers, assistant locomotive superintendent, set to work to clear the wreckage. Tha Y"Ttd was torn up for about twenty yards and the points and cross- ing's broken, whilst twelve wagons were damaged. The main line was blocked for about iseven houre.
A TAX ON SEAPORT TOWNS MAINTENANCE OF ALIEN PAUPER LUNATICS. 1.1r. Pritchard, warrant officer to the Car- diff Guardians, made an rplication to tho stipendiary (Mr. T. \V. Lewis) on Friday for an order of maintenance against the corpora- tion in respect of a number of persons detained at the Ment.il Hospital. There were (added Mr. Pritchard) about 50 aliens there who had no settlement in this country. In somo of the cases it was proved ihat t-hov were seamen, a.nd bad only just corao ashore when they were taken to the asylum. Many were young mc-n who might live fcr yea.rs. Fach inmate of the Mental Hospital cost the city 13s. lid. a week, but ho (Mr. Pritchard) was hoping- to he n.ble to deport some. The- Stipendiary; Cardiff alone contributes £ 25 weekly towards tho maintenance of alien pauper lunatics! Turning to Mr. Sydney .Tonkins, solicitor, his Worship continued: on are a member of the corporation, Mr. Jenkins, and you will, no doubt, raise the matter in another place. Mr. Jenkins: I am making a mental note of the matter, sir. His Worship: If Cardiff a10-ne is paying this amount. I wonder what the c-oet is for the whole country. Cardiff is a favourite refuse for alien paupers, with the result that it involves the city in £ 1.3X1 a year. Mr. Knsor: It's a tax on seaport towns, which inland towns are exempt from. Tho orders were- mode.
FLAT HOLM DROWNING. FUNERAL OF CARDIFF BANK CLEHK IN CARDIGANSHIRE. Probably one of the largest funerals wit- nessed in the Aeron Valley took place when the remains of the late Mr. Thomas .;ones, the young Cardiff bank clerk who was drowned off the Flat Holm at the beginning of last month, were laid to rest. The deceased was the son of Mr. John Jones, J.P., Cwmere, Li an flh angel Ystrad. The cortege was met at Lampeter Railway Station by a huge concourse of relatives and friends, among the latter being the young raan Jenkins, who went out with deceased in tho yacht on the eventful occasion. The coffin was covered with floral tributes. As the proeeesioa wended its way to the Vale oÎ Aeron it increased in large numbers, it being estimated to be over a. mile in length. A service was held at Tynygwndwu Inde- pendent Chapel. At the graveside the Revs. D. Edwards, Neath; J. T. Parry, Ciloennin; and J- C. Owen, vicar of Llanfihangel Ystrad, officiated.
POLLUTION OF THE OGMORE CONCERTED ACTION BY BRIDG- END AUTHORITIES. A committee representative of the Bridgend Urban and Penybont Rural Councils met at Bridgend on Saturday to consider what steps should be taken with a view to preventing the pollution of the River Ogmore by crude sewage, which is alleged to enter the Llynfl Stream near the outfall works of the Maesteg District Council. It was decided to recom- mend that statutory notices be served on the Maesteg authority to abate the nuisance com- plained of. At a meeting of the Peuybont Council on Saturday it was decided to serve a notice ou the Maesteg Council and to communicate with. the sanitary committee of the county council on tho subject. It. was stated that a Local Government Board inspector would shortly visit Maesteg to inspect the outfall works there, and it was decided to ask that a deputation from the Prnybont Council should be allowed to accom -any him.
YNYSDDU TRAGEDY. > CURIOUS POSITION OF THE ACCUSED. E-rnesit Brean, colliery labourer, of Ynyeddu, surrendered to his bail at Blackpool on Fri- day to answer a charge of causing the death of William Frederick Hanks, aiso a colliery labourer, by striking him on the- head wi.th a- spra-g at the Nine Mile Point Colliery, Ynysddu, on July 18. When the oase was called, Superintendent Porter stated that the evidence given at the coroner's court had been cornveyed to the Public Prosecutor, who had written in reply that he did not intend taking any proceed- ings at tha.t coiivt. The Cha-irman: Then what are you sroing to do? Superii^ndent Porter: I propose to go through the evidence given before the coroner. through the evidence given before the coroner. The Chairman: What does the polioe i solicitor say? I think it is not at all cour- I teous to the. Bench for the police not to have a solicitor to put a case of this kind before us. The Cleork (to Superintendent Porter): I have shown you the letter I received from the Public Prosecutor, and you know its con- tents, hut I am not going to make them public. Ihe Bench retired, and after a brief deli- beration the Chairman said that they had decided to remand Brean on bail for a fort- j night, in order to give the police time tooon- s-id-er what they were going- to. charge him with, and whether they were going to pcro- ceed with the case. If they did proceed, the Beuah requested that the case should be brought, before them by a solicitor. The Gierk: If the police authorities think, after due consideration, that- they are juetti- fled in sroing- to the expense of preferring this charge, then tro on with it. If not, then, that is the end of it. Bail in two sureties of £ 50 was renewed, and the case accordingly adjourned for a fortnight. Mr. Trevor Griffiths, Blackwood, repre- sented the defendant.
SWANSEA SCHOOLS CASE. AN IMPORTANT JUDGMENT. Judgment was delivered on Friday in the case of the King v. the Board of Education, which raised art important question in the interests of elomf.nta.i-y education in the country generally, as well as in Swansea. It appeared that, the local education authority in Swansea (the town council of the borough) discriminated between the salaries paid to tea-chCni in the Oxford-street (Church of England) School and their own provided schools, paying the latter la.rger salaries than the former, and denying any liability under th., Act of 19C2 to pay the same salaries to teachers in non-provided schools as in provided schools. The Board of Educa- tion, to whom the matter was referred by the managers of the Oxford-street School, decided not to interfere with the decision of the local authority. Rules nisi were obtained some time ago calling upon the Board of Education to show cause why a certiorari should not issue to quash the deci- sion, and also a rule calling upon them to show cause why a mandamus should not issue ordering the Board to. hear Xhd deter- mine the question according to law. The case was argued on Monday "and Tues- day last at considerable length, the Solicitor- General showing catue against the rules, and Sir Robert Finlay contending that the lccal authority were bound under the Act to treat both classes of schools equally. jThe court took time to consider their judg- ment. The Court made absolute the two rules nisi calling upon the Board of Education to show cause why their refusal to interfere with the local education authority of Swansea in their treatment of denominational schools should not be brought up in order that the decision might be quashed and why they should not hear and determine the requisition by- the managers of Oxford-street Church of England School at Swansea for equal treatment of their teaching staff in the matter cf salaries with the teaching staff of council's provided i school in Swansea. Lord Chief Justice held that the local .education authority had no power to differen- tiate in tho matter of teachers equally qualified and teaching' the same subjects between the salaries paid in the provided and non-provided schools. The Board, after sending down a comnviis-icner, decided not to interfere with the local authority, though the co-mmissioner reported adversely to the local authority on the treatment of the non- proDdod schools. j "TIMES" AND THE ABUSE OF A v TBwVTlVE JUSTICE, The Times in an editorial on the judg- ment say? that it will commend itself to the commonscttee and to the sense of justice | of the general community. Strange to say. the board, in their amazing decision of December, 1908, seem to have countenanced this amazing pretension of the Swansea Local Authority that they possess the right of discrimination witbout appeal to the! Board of Education. It continues: "The! judges cannot aecspt this exalted conception of the. rights, privileges, and immunities of borough councils. They are of opinion that, when Parliament gives powers to those bodies, they are bound to exercise those powers, not in accordance with their own political beliefs or wishes, but impartially and with a single view to the performance of their statutory duty. "The fact that such a claim should have' been advanced at all, that it should have been entertained and apparently adopted, more or less, by a great public department, and that it should have been solemnly defended in a court of law- is itself significant. It shows, as does the whole conduct of this case by the local authority and by the Board of Education, how grave are the rista of that system of 'administrative justice' which, as we la tely showed, is slowly and insidiout-ty creeping in amongst us. "The .judgment shows not less impressively where the protection of the subject against such jug-lice should be sought and found. Suppose that the jurisdiction of the ordinary courts had been effectively shut out in this instance, what chance would the managers of the Swansea. Church Schools have had of 'i; 4, obtaining common fairplay? The history of this action tells us, and, if we are wise, the lesson it teachers- will not be forgotten."
VALUE OF DEAN FOHEST ^^UAL^ TAKINGS. A meeting of Dean Forest miners was held 011 Saturday to arrange a distribution of the proceeds cf two recent sale. Of coal takings, when Mr. Elsom/the president, gave a short address. He reminded 111s -eilow free miners of the Forest of those who progno.;t.i- cated that their rights were not worth 2i(]., but within two years an'd a halff they had distributed nearly £ 4,0C0. The? had DId gales representing lOC.COO.MO tons of good workable coal. Calcu- latin-g the output at. million tons a year, that prolonged the life^of the coalfield by 1C0 years. That incan^ tnat the royalty to h-e. paid the free minors during the next 100 years would reach the substantial sum of £ •208.000, or £ 285 for c?ich of the applicants. Besides, let them consider tuat by the dis- posal of their property capitalists for development it meant that wages pay- T)r(" ment at 5s. per ton represented 2.5 million sterling. (Applause.)
PAINFUL SCENE IN COURT. Hannah Davies. a woman who at one time occupied a respectable position in the town, was charged at Brecon on Saturday with being drunk and disorderly. She had pre- viously been convicted oi sleeping out, and sentenced to two months imprisonment, but the commitment order was suspended pro- vided she behaved herself. The period of probation had not expired hen she was locked up on Friday night, rlie Bench now put the order in force, and sne was sent to Swansea Gaol. A pitiful .scene arose when_ the bench announced their decision. The prisoner shrieked and clung to the dock rails, and v.as with tho greatwt difficulty removed.
WOUNDED PETERSTONE FARMER. The county justices at Newport o-n Saturday further remanded for a week John Richards (19), a labourer from Peterstone. on a charge of wounding Mr. Alfred Bees, farmer, of New House, Peterstone, by stabbing him -h aj pocket-knife in the left shoulder on Sunday night July 25. The Justices thougnt it was desirable to see how the wound progressed.! Mr. Ilees was able to appear m court that! day. da.y.
GREAT FIRE IN JAPAN. 13,000 ROUSES DESTROYED AT OSAKA. TOKIO, Sunday. The fire at Osaka was got under control at six o'clock this morning. An area four miles square was swept by the names, and thirteen thousand houses were burned. Many people have perished. The world- famous Buddhist temple is demolished.— Ileuter. Osaka covers an area of about eight square miles, and is situated at the head of the gulf bearing the same name. It is one of the most important towns of Central Japan. One of its features is the fine castle, the stones, of which are of astonishing size. It was built. by Hideysohi's orders in 1583. The palace, which was built afterwards in the precincts and was destroyed in 1S68, was probably the most magnificent structure in Japan. The city is the great commercial centre of tho Empire, being the headquarters of the rice and tea trade. The port is not large enough to admit vessels of great size. It was visited by a terrible earthquake in 1891, when Learly 10,000 lives were lost. English financial circles are interested in the news of the fire in a very practical way, for only at tho end of April last the Municipality of Osaka came to Lordan as a borrower. On its behalf Parr's Bank, tha Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank, and ri o Yokohama Specie Bank—a trio intimately associated with Japanese financial operations -offered for subscription to the public I re £ 3,034,940 of five per cent, bonds at the pri<-« of 97 per cent., and so eager were the English public to participate in the loan that tlHt lists were only open one hour instead of tlie usual three days. The bonds were secured by a general charge on the revenues of the city, and the proceeds were to pay for the construction of electric tramways, waterworks extensions, and the re-payment of carlier loans.
DEBTOR'S ADMISSIONS. MIS-STATEMENTS IN SWANSEA BANKRUPTCY. At Swansea Bankruptcy-court on Friday (before the registrar, Mr. S. Home) Griffitlt Lewis, 90, High-street, Swansea, ironmonger, cama up for examination with gross liahi!i< ties £ 1,439 and a deficiency of £1,071. The ca-uses of his failure he put down air lll-neas and death of his first wife, loss of a Chancery action, Stc. In September, 19C3, he became possessed of his uncle's busineSd at 90, High-street, on condition of his giving his two brothers and his sister a. bill for £ 59 each. During the past twelve months he hud had numerous judgments against him. His liabilities included £ 555 borrowed from his wife, X145 bank overdraft, a.nd £bO to hia brothers and sister, the remainder, JM30, being tradr- debts contracted in 1908-9. Debtor now stated that in addition to of the business hIS uncle by his will left him £45. He had not mentioned that at his first examination. He had lost in costs and feei in about 80 actions £24<J, and had paid in interest to money-lenders, and he had made a loss of JS187 in carrying on busine.sa since June, 1908. He borrowed all that money from his wife to pay out executions. He had been co-trustee under his uncle's will. Th- will was proved at about £ 4,000. He had received rents, Ac., but his co-trustee paicj the costs of the Chancery action, in whicii they were personally mulcted- The debtor, examined as to the figures hflf had supplied for payments and receipts, stated that they were entirely wrong. Lie had not, received money from his wifo on the dates stated, nor made payments. The Registrar: You ardmit this account isf. wrong?—Yes. Wilfully so?—Yes, sir. The examination was adjourned, debtof being ordered to supply amended figures* the Registrar stating that his position wai serious. ILLNESS, DEBTS, AND LITIGATION. Ernest Edward Bowles, trading as Bowie# and Co., Neath-road, Hafod, Swansea, had a deficiency of £ 164 out of total liabilities £ 276, and his causes were illness, bad debts, bad trade, and county-court expenses. He;, started business at Neath-road in June, 1905, j having previously been a licensed victualler • at Greenwich. INSOLVENT EOS YEAES. j William Thomas, Neath-road, Llansamlefc, 1 frpelterman, had a deficiency of £ 89, and the i eausos of his failure he put down as bad 1 health and loss of employment. He said earned only 156. a week during the past two years. He had been insolvent far years.
ARCHÆOIAOGY IN WAIVES. ANNUAL REPORT OF THE LIVER- POOL COMMITTEE. The Liverpool Committee for Excavation and Bcsearoli in Wales and the Marches has issued its first annual report. It is hand- somely printed and well illustrated, and issued by the Liverpool UniYersity Press. The contents appeal mainly to scholars, though tho general reader glancing through it will come across much to interest him. There is, for instance, a report on certain excavations at Caerleon, in which wo get a. glimpse of the original Roman occupation. and its probable date, taking us back right into tlio first century of our era. In the introductory statement a very interesting! letter is quoted from the late George Mere- dith (and a faos-imile given), in which that eminent writer says, bearing on the work 01 the committee: — We cannot hope to know in what degree Roman civilisation affected the minds and put a polish on the bearing of the primi- tive (British* people; it may well have been to an extent sufficient to justify ai belief in the real foundation of the legends and poems that have come to us, showing a Spirit of courteousness and chivalry in striking contrast with the barbarism of the subsequent invaders. But any effort is worth the cost that we may know moro than we d ) at present. The Liverpool Committee far Research has undertaken a. work deserving the support of the nation. I fneed hardly say of Wales. The report, speaks in congratulatory terms of the appointment of the Welsh Royal Commission on Ancient Monuments and of the work done hy the Cardiff Naturalists' Society at Gelligaer,. specially mentioning the names of Mr. J. S. Cor- bett, Mr. J. W. Rodger, and Mr. John Ward. The Liverpool Gom-mittee proposes at present pushing on with its excava- tions at Caerleon and Caersws, the former work being done in conjunction with the Monmouthshire and Caerleon Antiquarian Association, and with the kind assistance of Sir Arthur Ik?ackworth, who owns the hulk of the property. There is no doxibt that a largo and fruitful field of underground exploration lies before the committee, which, hy the way, is admirably manned.
DKOWNED IN THE WYE. 1fr, B. H. Deakin held an inquiry at Mon- mouth on Saturday touching the death of Frederick Thomas Charles Jenkins, aged nine, who was drowned in the Wye on tho previous day. Herbert Thomas, aged ten, said he was bathing with deceased and other boys in the Wye off Probyn's Island. Deceased was floating on his back, and called to witness, See how I can float." He then disappeared under the water. Henry Morgan, a boatman, said he discovered the body in 9ft. of water close to the spot where the boy was stated, to have gone. down. The river was shallow at the side, and shelved down rapidly to deep water. It was dangerous for small boys to bathe there. A verdict of "Accidentally drowned" was recorded, and the jury recommended that a. notice-board should be placed at the SHot, and that life-saving apparatus should bo provided. .= -=--
PUBLICAN SUMMONED. Evan Thomas, licensee of the Maesteg Inn, Garth, Maesteg, was summoned at Bridgend on Saturday for allowing a child, named Idris Hrraas, aged four years and three months, to be in the bar of his licensed premises. Mr. H. J. Randall was for tha defence. Police-sergeant Rees Davies said he saw Idris Thomas, a son of the licensee, and another little boy sitting on a bench in the bar. Evidence was called to show that the children had been playing outside the house for an hour, and entered the bar just before the police-sergeant, and unknown to tTu, licensee's wife, who was in charge -of houoe. The casawas dismissed on payment of costs,.
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