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A TRAMP ACROSS WALES.
A TRAMP ACROSS WALES. | [BY THE REV. J. H. STOWELL, M.A.] [ 9- No. VI.—PENRHYN, CYNICHT, PONT ABER- GLASLYN, BEDDGELERT. Now began my sixth day's journey, which, ac- cording to calculations, was to bring me to the foot of Snowdon. Far ahead I could see this king of hills, surrounded by a group hardly in- ferior in height and majesty. And forethought began to vie with imagination as I contemplated the end and aim of my long journey, the clamber- ing to the summiti of the highest mountain in South Britain. What if there should be storm and mist, and what if I should lose the track and fall headlong from a precipice, or unwittingly settle myself to sleep as so many travellers do on mountains five inches from a stupendous abyss ? What adventures awaited me, I wondered? And my thoughts flew to my-appetite. At least I could provide for that. I ought to lay in a stock of -something or other eatable, so that my strength, even if I had to spend a whole day and whole night on Snowdon, should not run out for want of food. So before leaving Harlech I entered a grocer's shop, and looking round on all the varieties of edibles concentrated into little tins, what should I hit upon but a tin of condensed milk. This with biscuits would turely keep me alive for 24 hours, I thought. And my mind went back to the good old school-days when condensed milk ranked only second to Turkish Delight among the sweetmeats that made life worth living. We used to club together,.three or four of us. and purchase a fourpence-halfpenny tin of it. Then we made two little holes with a penknife, one to admit the air freely to a vacuum that we created inside the tin by applying our mouths in equitable rotation to the other. Much of this early charm had gone, and it was not with epicurean impulse that I purchased the tin now, but on the sober calculation that if ordinary milk is nourishing, condensed milk must be positively fattening when a man is in danger of starvation. I pl.1t the tin at the bottom of my knapsack with a small packet of biscuits, resolved not to touch,, taste, or handle them again until I began to die from hunger on the mountains. The walk northward from Harlech is not unin- j teresting, but no special features attracted my attention till leaving the main road. I had to cross the railway bridge over an iulet of the ftea just in the angle of the bay between Harlech and Port Madoc. On the further side I found myself in the little town of Penrhyn. and though I had at first intended to pass through Port Madoc and Tremadoc, I saw from the map it would save a few miles to make a cross-country cut without inflicting my presence at all upon these estimable towns. Pcnrhyn is full of temperance lodging-houses. Almost every third house has a signboard affixed with the simple legend li Temperance," to indicate that, at least, one lodger can be accommodated for a night, if he will confine his requirements to non-alcoholics. This informal, unlicensed, and economical form of hotel seems to be greatly is favour in North Wales. My quarters in Harlech had been of this descrip- tion, though rather superior, I suppose, as there was a shop attached and meals were served in a large coffee-rooom. and thers was a strange word Gorphwysdra," on the signboard, which I took to be a distinctive title. Some little distance from Penrhyn—by the way, is this the town that gave the name to Arthur Penrhyn Stanley. the illus- trious Dean of West minister J I came upon a very striking mountain view. Rising far into tha sky in solitary grandeur there was a perfectly un- impeachable peak. It fulfilled all my stipulations. As I have previously intimated, I had resolved mot to almire any mountain very much until I had beheld at least one that couldn't by any possibility be mis- taken for anything but a mountain. And here was the specimen—the type and standard of what I wanted. I thought it must surely be Snowdon, as I had been told Snowdon was easily to be dis- tinguished. But it turned out to be Cynicht-not the chief, but one of the most pointed heights in the Snowdon range. Again and again, as the road turned. I got fresh views of the huge cone-shaped summit, and I felt my tramp had not been in vain. I had beheld a mountain face to face. And then I had an adventure. Round the base of a hill just ahead of me, along a road that pre- sently joined the one I was travelling along, came a figure. At first I took it to be the figure of an old man. Then, as we came nearer to each other along the converging roads, I saw it was a woman without hat, and in the strangest imaginable medley of wearing apparel, and with boots that "were very nearly a match for my own. It was a lonely spot, and I t know what such a vcreature might do to an intruder. But, thought I, ;if one of us has to run away, if shall not be the man from Barry, near Cardiff. So, in the blandest "possible manner, I stepped forward, and enquired whether she could direct me to Pont Aberglaslyn, for Beddgelert. She turned and, instead of a wrinkled and wicked-looking old woman, I found 'I had addressed the most beautiful maiden that it had been my fortune to encounter, let me say at -any rate in North Wales. Her face was nearly as brown as the rocks in front of us, and her bright 'eyes and laughing mouth showed not the least -shyness or embarassment. Ii 'Ess," she said, point- ing and nodding with a smile, Ii this way, straight -there." "Iam going there, too," she added, otter- ing to show me the way. So side by side we walked for nearly a mile while she prattled in her broken English quite delighted and excited at having a visitor to talk to. A sheep dog followed her, and every few minutes she would whistle and shout some instructions that sent him scampering after the sheep and lambs that were grazing on the hill-sides. She explained that they wanted the sheep kept on the higher pastures, and she "had been round the mountain driving them up from the valleys. Surely, this nut brown-maid ',wa.<; the prototype of Wordsworth's highland girl .1 I thought: Remote from men, thou dost not need The embarrassed look of thy distress, And maidenly shamefacedness. Thou wear'gt upon thy forehead clear The freedom of a. mountaineer. A face with gladness overspread Soft smiles, by human kindness brel And seemliness complete, that swaya Thy courtesies about the plays; With no restraint but such as springs From quick and eager visitings Of thoughts, that lie beyond the reach Of thy few words of English speech. ê[n a few minutes we came to a farmhouse. x ou -live here!" I asked. "'ess." she said, and beckoned me to come." A man was loading manure in the yard, and with a few words of "greeting she tripped past him into the house and "brought her mother, with milk and some bread and 'butter for the stranger. The mother had similar wearing apparel, but few of the compensating graces of her daughter, whom she excelled only -in volubility. I sat on a low wall, and went for the bread and milk, while these two nymphs tried to talk my head off. It seemed as though a flood 'pent up and increasing through long months of "Silence had now its outlet. The mother began a tale of their troubles on the farm, told piteously 'of higli rents and uncertain tenure, and how a rich man who had made his money in a public- 'house was threatening to buy the farm over their heads. "Indeed we do want a new law, Sir; the old laws are very bad indeed, Sir, against us Spoor people. Will you not, Sir, perhaps, if you have a chance, up in London "there, Sir, do some- thing to get the old laws altered?" Yes, verily, I thought. And here at last was compensation for the jibes and suspicious that had been levelled at me in the earlier part of my pilgrimage, these good mountain folk couldn't conceive my being anything less than a member of Parliament. Had they heard that Lord Randolph Churchill was given to roam- ing deserts as a relief from Parliamentary toils, and did they think they had really got hold of him or some other live English lord ? A mischievous spirit tempted me to tell them that I was Lord Randolph, and give them half-a-sovereign to prove it; but I refrained. I gave them sixpence with a honest expression of sympathy and thanks, and a promise to use my iniuencc in getting the Land Laws altered. A few miles turtaer on i came to ine xaiuuus Pont Aberglaslyn, where a torrent rushes along an Alpine pass of great beauty, a worthy entrance for the traveller into the inner regions of Bnowdonia. Here the road from Penrhyn rejoins the main road from Beddgelert, a peaceful little town lying in the bosom of a triple valley. On all sides the vast mountains rise, in front there is the head of Snow- don, Y Wyddfa as it is called; to the left a road running along the valley of Carnarvon to the right another road running past two beautiful lakes to Capel Curig and Bettws-y-Coed. Now Gelert's Gmve is the one spot that since childhood I have had an unwavering desire to visit. Of course we have all been told that the story is one of the Aryan myths, but that doesn't matter; I don't care whether a story is a myth or not, as long as it is a good one, and I am not going to let my childhood's tears be wasted for the quibbling of a literary critic. I was told the grave was really to be seen, and I demanded of the first person I met, Where is the grave ?" I was pointed to the middle of a grassy field, where I found a mouldering gravestone fenced in and shaded by a couple of delicate trees. I don't doubt a bit that the dog is buried there, and that Prince Llewellyn there hung his horn and spear And there, as evening fell, In fancy's ear he oft would hear Poor Gelert's dying yell. I could hear it myself. After strolling through the town, inspecting the church and the stream, and the various shops and "Temperances" and other hotels. I entered a very tidy-looking house called the Colwyn Temperance Hotel," and called for tea and chops.
THE DEATH OF DR. JOHN THOMAS,…
THE DEATH OF DR. JOHN THOMAS, LIVERPOOL. rny MACSEN WLEDIG]. The death of Dr. John Thomas, Liverpool, has removed from the service of Wales one of her best and ablest sons. He came of a wonderfully gifted family. His brother. Dr. Owen Thomas, whose death the whole Welsh nation mourned a few months ago. was the most eloquent of modern Welsh preachers: while his twj o'hir brothers, the Rev. Josiah Thomas and Mr. William Thomas, the temperance advocate, were almost equally well-known. But Dr. John Thomas was something more than his brothers. Dr. Owen Thomas was. perhaps, a greater preacher. or, at all events, he attained occasionally to heights which were never reached by John Thomas. John Thomas never wrote a biography as graphic, as readable, as magnetic as his brother's Cofia-it John Jones, Talysarn." But John Thomas, also, was a great preacher and a great writer. If he never attained to the height of Owen's eloquence, he was more even, and every sermon was wonderful for its sustained argument and skill of composition-his" Hanes Eglwysi Annibynol Cymru," the last volume of which appeared last year, and his biographies, notably that of Dr. Rees, of Swansea, will be read as long as the history of Welsh Nonconformity will be of interest. But John Thomas was something more than a preacher or a writer. He was essentially one of those active men, whose personal influence is even greater than their intellectual, and whose influence on their own generation can only be dimly conjectured by those of a later time. Dr. Thomas, by the force of his character quite as much as by his intellectual and oratorical powers, became the director of the destinies of Welsh Indepen- dency. He found it full, indeed, of the fire and enthusiasm of an intense religious revival, but containing all the seeds of decay, which are found in every great and popular movement, and which are ready to bear fruit once the freshness and the enthusiasm of the movement have died away. In this trying period of waning enthusiasm it was fortunate ior the well-being of Independia that a decor-sighted masterful man took the helm. John Thomas became the leader of the denomina- tion not through any conscious effort on his own part or oa that of his friends, but simply because the occasion served and the right man was at hand. That Dr. Thomas aimed at an ideal may readily be granted. That he dreamed of doing more than he did or could accomplish must be admitted. But that he exercised a great and abiding influence for good on his own denomination and his country is equally true. Dr. Thomas was the first to recognise that a change had to be effected in the constitution of the Independents. So long as the strength and freshness of the religious revival lasted, there was no nned of careful organisation. But when the enthusiasm was disappearing, Dr. Thomas saw the urgent need of a better organisation and a closer association of the churches. With all the force of a masterful character, in spite of the bittar opposition of the ablest ot hIS oretnren, vr. TllOmas advocated the re-organisation of the denomination and, after a prolonged struggle, it is satisfactory to think that last year Dr. Thomas saw the signs of the healing of the breach, when the much- vexed question of Bala College was satisfactorily settled. Dr. John Thomas was also one of the pioneers of education in the Principality. The existence of ^Brecon and Bangor Independent Colleges is mainly due to his untiring energy. Dr. Thomas' two great claims to remembrance are that he organised and educated the Independent body. Like all earnest men who were born in the Wales of seventy years ago, Dr. Thomas aimed at an impossible ideal. The religious life of agri- cultural Wales at that period always seemed to him "0 to be the perfection of godliness. The simple habits, the child-like faith, the severe morality, and the constant endeavour to fashion their life according to the will of God appealed to him so irresistibly that he could form no new ideal of life which would suit the changed circumstances of modern Wales. He laboured hard at organisation and education but he did not look to these for the salvation of his coun- try. By doing this he was only rolling the stone away from the dead man's grave; it required a mightier and a diviner voic>3 to call to life the dead. Organisation and education were to him but the preparation for a diwygiad more powerful and more lasting than any that Wales had yet ex- perienced. Who shall say that he was wrong ? Wales is waiting expectantly for a new revelation. Possibly it will not take the form of the old re- vival that Dr. Thomas was expecting but it will be as inspiring to modern Wales as the old diwygiad was to our fathers seventy years ago. It will dispel, the indifference, the scepticism, the cynicism of to-day, us the old revivals destroyed the ignorance, the brutishness, the superstition, the lack of purpose of Cymru Fa. Though Dr. Thomas' services were greatest to his own denomination, yet the whole of Wales will be the poorer for the loss of an ardent Welshman who needed no proofs of the living force of Welsh Nationality, of a firm and, on the whole, int< lli- gent friend of education, and of an uncompromising I advocate of religious and political equality.
"ALIQUIS" JOTTINGS. TO MR. ARTHUR WILLIAMS. I congratulate Mr. Arthur Williams most, sincerely on his election. The ST. JAMES GAZETTE tells its readers that he is an out and out party man. If this were the case he would harldy, I think, have put Welsh Home Rule so much to the front in his programme, for the Radical wire-pullers like it not. At the same time I wish our Arthur would sometimes let the dead bury the dead. Really,l don't see how a genuine Home Ruler can shed his enthusiasm over the old Liberal party. In truth, my dear Arthur, in the old days 'twas six of one and half a dozen of the other. Both sides coerced Ireland without mercy. Both sides absolutely snubbed Wales. And I must say, also, that'as long as the Liberals stuck to their old economic notions of no State interference, that, on the whole, the Tories were the friends of the working class, for they, at least, passed the Factory Acts. Times are changed now, however, and Wales votes splendidly Liberal, because the Liberal party (I won't ask why) is willing to give both Wales and Ireland fairplay to live their natural life. It speaks grandly for Mr. Arthur Williams that he has shed his Liberalism and Whiggery so far as to stand up like a man for Tom Ellis' Bala. programme. Let us hope that at the next election he will be known to friend and foe as the National" candidate only. If this happens, Toryism will fare far worse at the next election. THE MORAL OF THE WELSH ELECTIONS. The return of Tom Ellis and of Lloyd George by an overwhelming majority has knocked the bottom out of Welsh Gladstonian Whiggery. The fears of Sir E. J. Reed and Mr. Bryn Roberts, M.P., that the adoption of Welsh Home Rule would wreck the Liberal cause in Wales are proved to be groundless. On the contrary, it has given an enthusiasm to the reforming party that it never possessed before. At no distant date the un- national Welsh members must go with the stream of patriotism, or else under it.
WELSH NATIONALITY. INTERESTING PROCEEDINGS AT MAESTEG. A little while ago a committee was formed in the parish of Llangynwyd to raise a fund and devise a plan for memorialising the Maid of Cefn Ydfa. and Will Hopkins, the rustic bard and lover of the maid. In connection with this movement a conversazione and lecture on Welsh Nationality were given at Maesteg on Wednesday, the 13th. The proceed- ings commenced with a tea at six o'clock. Mr. Thomas Davies. the American Supply Stores, supplied the provisions, and secured the following ladies to preside at the tables Mrs. Dr. Thomas, Mrs. Chi vers. Mrs. J. II. Thomas, Mrs. W. Y. Davies, Mrf». Cookslev, the Misses Grey (Sarn Fawr), Davies (White Lion), Rees (Castle Hotel). The object of the tea and conversazione was to give an opportunity to the bards of "Tirlarll" of welcoming Llawdden," the ven. Archdeacon Howells, who engaged to lecture on Welsh Nationality in the evening. Among those present were Councillor E. Thomas (Cochfarf), Cardiff Councillor LI. Howells, Aberavon Messrs. Tudor Evans, Cardiff; E. Knox aDd- Mr. Muir, Margam T. C. Evans, Llangynwyd T. L, Roberts, D. Davies, J. H. Thomas-, Maesteg; Revs. Stephen Jackson, Llangynwyd D: Pbgh, Bettws J. Jones, Tondu J. C. Williams-, A. Morgan, E. Eliis, S. Jones, W. Griffiths, Maesteg: After tea, Councillor E. Thomas (Cochfarf) was vote(¥ to the chair. He expressed pleasure at being present,.and especially to welcome the ven. Archdeacon Howells, wisose geniality and Welsh enthusiasm placed him in, the very front rank of Welsh Nationalists. Messrs. T. L. Roberts, Tudor Evans, LI. Howells-. and Rev, D. Pugh delivered short addresses in honour of the visit of the Archdeacon. Revs. A. Morgan and J. C. Williams read a gostegof englynions," a num- ber of Welsh alliterative verses prepared specially for the meeting. The vote of welcome to the Archdeacon was moved by Mr. J. H; Thomas, and seconded by Mr. J. Evans, Bridgend. and supported' by Hev. S. Jackson.-The Archdeacon acknowledged'the vote. At eight p.m. the party, with many others, pro- ceeded to the Town-hall to hear the Venk Arch- deacon deliver his address. E. Knox, Esq., Margam, was proposed to the chair.—He said that, immediately following the heat and excitement of a contested election, it was pleasant to meet in that fashion to foster Welsh nationality. He was pleased to find the Welsh people so true to their country. The legends and songs of the Welsh bound the hearts of the people together, and formed a link connecting the past with the present. At this point Miss Olive Grey sang in good form "Bugeiiio'r Gwenith Gwyn" (Watching the Bloom- ing Wheat), which was composed by Will Hopkins. The Ven. Archdeacon then rose to deliver his lecture. He said Welsh Nationality was deeply rooted in the people of Wales. It was not of recent growth, for it was cultivated by their ancient ancestors. (Cheers.) As evidence of that he would quote a few of the Triads. These were given in English and Welsh, and drew forth-hearty responses. Three things would keep a Welshman from reproach—liberality, bravery, and mercy. Three things a Welshman should love—his nation, its traditions, and its language. Three things should occupy the chief place in a Welshman's memory—God, humanity, and his debts. Numerous others were recited as illustrations of. the strong attachment of the Welsh to God, religion, and humanity. These ancient Triads showed: that patriotism was next to religion in the Welshi Welsh patriotism had grown immensely during the present century. At the beginning of the century it found expression for the most part at the annual Eisteddfods. But then it must be con- fessed it was not of a very elevating character. It was rideculed by the English, also by the estab- lished Church. Nonconformists gave it the cold; shoulder because of the unmitigated conceit of the bards, and their too frequent low and degrading revels. It was not then considered worthy the notice of respectable society. But Welsh Nation- ality received a great impetus by the establish- ment of the ancient eisteddfod at Abergavenny,, chiefly under the patronage of Lord and Lady Llanover. (Hear, hear.) Then the late Henry Richards—(cheers)—and the late Dean of Bangor —(cheers)—were men of high character, who lifted' Welsh patriotism .to a dignified position. Th addi- tion to these there were many other influences- which had of late ennobled Welsh Nationality. The political freedom extended to the people, par* ticularly since 1868 had largely contributed to, make Welsh patriotism what it is. Another potent factor was the immense influence of the Press. (Applause.) One-third of the people of Wales, it was calculated; spoke Welsh only, and one-third- spoke both Welsh and English. The mental food provided by the Press was continually increasing in stamina and vitality. There were now IT weeklies in,the vernacular, reaching a circulation of 120,000. No lean than & 18,000 had been expended on the production of one Welsh work, Y Gwyddon- iadwr "—(loud cheers)—and now a second' edition of that woi,'k in,10 volumes was required;. (Loud applause.) It was found that at least £200,00-0. were spent yearly by the people on Welsh. litera- ture of every kind. (Cheers.) These things showed forcibly the vitality of the language and the patriotism of the people. Welsh. Nationality had thrived vigorously notwithstanding the diffi- culties that had been put in, its way. After the revolution of Glyndwr, it had 00, struggle against great odds. The people were forbidden to. carry any arms, and, not allowed any houses of de- fence, and denied any place of power or position in. the realm. Places of mfloenee and power were invariably given to. Englishmen, and even an. Englishman, who married a Welshwoman was not allowed any position in the State, and deprived of it if he had. one. Bint that procedure only deepened and: intensified Welsh patriotism, and fired the Welsh, to love their language the more. (Applause.) Then for many years no Welshman was appointed to any one of the, Welsh Bishoprics, and all the rich endowments of the Church in Wales were bestowed on. others, but in the face of these great difficulties Welsh Nationalism daily developed, and strengthened into what it is to-day, (Hear, hear.) Here the Rev. S. Jackson sang" Mentra tiwen." Resuming his lecture the Archdeacon asked what was to be the character of Welsh patriotism in the future ? It was opposed to centralisation. He would strongly urge first the cultivation of the language. There was no necessity to abandon Eng- lish to do so. The Welsh language was ancient and rio&. It was closely allied with Sanscrit, Hebrew, Gireek and Latin. It was peculiarly rich in root words, having many more than the English tongue. Then he would ask them to carefully preserve all old manuscripts, and antiquarian literature which were now in danger of decay, and growing musty on the top shelf. The introduction of the press would render them negligent in this respect if they did not guard against it. Further, he would press upon the strengthening and improvement of the scope of their institutions, the eisteddfod, univer- sities, schools, and all Welsh places of learning. Tho eisteddfod, ennobled and elevated was a grand institution, and could be made a great power for good. (Loud applause.) He would also urge them to keep up communication with Welshmen wherever they might go, either to England, America, or the Colonies, let them not lose sight of them, but keep up their interest in their native land, and so weld the people together the globe around. (Hear, hear.) He should like to see the Welsh Press improved in one particular. That is to abandon its gross personalities, and the ready imputation of unworthy motives. In the press and on the platform they wanted patience and reasonableness, and men of high character, steady, and persevering, not adopting changes, simply because they were changes, but progressing gradually and so substantially, building up the nation's greatness with solid material that would stand the test of time. A great future was before them. Let them sink their differences, and make prominent their agreements. Y Gwir yn erbyn y Byd." Hir yw byth, a da yw Duw. Ym mhob pechod y mae ffoledd." These and many others were sentiments about which there was no dispute, and by unitedly clinging to them and going on in the spirit inspired by them they would establish a Nationality worthy of its name. (Loud applause.) They had a language, a history, institutions, and literature of which they might be proud. And, while urging them on to this, he had not a word to say in depreciation of Englishmen or of England. The Welsh had contributed their part to the greatness of England, and he rejoiced in that, and would not lose his nationality in the rejoicing, and let them see they did not lose theirs. He did not love England less, because he loved his dear old Cymru more. A recitation of Psalm 122 in fine and pathetic style formed the peroration, and the Archdeacon sat down amid prolonged and deafen- ing cheers.-A vote of thanks was proposed and carried to the lecturer, in acknowledging which he proposed a similar complement to the chairman, which was seconded by the Rev. J. C. Williams, who read the following englynion TO EDWARD KNOX, ESQ. Ysgotyn a'r bais gwta-a 11awen Yw y llywydd yma Ei gariad a'i deimlad da Ar ei wyneb wir wena. Chwyddwn swn diolch iddo,-ei enw Anwyl nid a'n angho'; A diwrnod yw arno Ddeil i gyd ar ddail ei go'. The Rev. J. C. Williams sang "Hen Wlad fy Nhadau," and the audience dispersed, having spent a profitable evening.
BRIDGEND NOTES. — The local Volunteer Artillerymen underwent their annual inspection recently, and it is a satis- faction to everyone interested in the corps (and they are many) to be able to record that the in- spector expressed his gratification with the manner in which the drill was performed, and with the military smartness of the men. The School Board election has surprised most of the electors in Bridgend, inasmuch as no less than three of the old members will no longer sit upon the Board. This result has been arrived at, not because two of the three retiring members were wishful to no longer serve the ratepayers, but because the two gentlemen referred to were not nominated. One consequence of this is that the Nonconformist representation on the Board is very much strengthened—much to the dissatisfaction of the Church people. The Bridgend School Board has done its work well in the past. There has been little or no friction between the members, and the meetings have been of a most harmonious character. The school is in a state of efficiency, and the servants of the Board do their utmost to further the interests of those with whom they are connected. There can be no doubt that the new members will largely assist the old members in pursuing the course hitherto followed with so much success. The smoke nuisance is not one which is so pre- valent in Bridgeud as it is in larger towns. But at the last meeting of the Local Board the subject came under notice in consequence of a letter from Police-sergeant Rowe asking the Board to institute proceedings against a woman who. it was alleged, had wilfully set her chimney on fire. The feeling of the members was strongly in favour of a stop being pat to such customs, and the result of the Board's action in the matter will be beneficial to all in the town. It is hoped that further progress will shortly be made by the I ocal Board in the direction of pro- viding an efficient sewage scheme. Doubtless something will be done in this direction before many weeks, and possibly the subject may come up for discussion at the next meeting of the Board. A large number of harvestmen make Bridgend their headquarters, and the result of the very inclement weather we have been experiencing lately has been that those of them who are not believers in temperanee principles have had plenty of time to imbibe intoxicants, with the usual sequel of quarrelling and fighting. This is, of course, known to the police, and it behoves all such offenders to behave themselves better in future, or they may find themselves in the un- happy position of defendants, or prisoners, in the local police-court. The anniversary services at the Wesleyan Chapel, North-street, were well attended, and the services were much enjoyed by the large congre- gations present. The singing was a special feature, and reflects great credit on all who took part. The sermons were of an appropriate character, and were attentively listened to. Churchmen in Bridgend and district were very pleased to, hear of the election of the Rector of Cbity (R'ev. -r". W. Edmrond«?0 to be one of the proctors of the LlandafF diocese by such a large majority as 105 to 50. Perhaps now that a Non- conformist has relievo# the rev. gentleman of his labours on the Bridgend School Board he will have plenty of time in which to attend to his new duties.
NOTES AND NEWS FROM THE GAUW…
NOTES AND NEWS FROM THE GAUW VALLEY. — The-battle is now over, and we can count the slain and womtded-I mean politically. Well done, South Wales Not a single Tory returned We can send all the Tories from Wales to St. Stephens in a perambulator. But we had no fight at aU in Mid-Glamorgan. Everything was as quiet in Garw as usaal. We seemed to have no one to fight against, so hundreds of voters did not trouble to vote. Brut I don't hold with that; it is every voter's duty to vote when a test is made. Next time come to the poll and claim your rights as men. Hurrah for S. T., and Hurrah for Wales and the G.O.M. I am sorry to have to record that on the elec- tion day a wedding took place at Pontvrhill, when some shooting was indulged in. Some boys got some dynamite, and put it in a wall and ignited the fuse. It exploded with terrific force, and a lad named Latcham had half his hand blown away together with dreadful injuries about the face, so that the poor boy lies in a very precarious state. A few Sundays ago I found myself in a conse- crated building. The Lessons were read, and then the rev. gentleman stood up to preach. His text was, How is Jacob become small ?" He said. I- How ? Why because heretics and Nonconform- ists seek to destroy him." Now, I make no claim to the rostrum, but if 1 was to be asked that question, I should divide it like this:— "How is Jacob become small?": 1. Because her priests were indolent in times gone by. II. Because her priests are an arrogant sect. III. Be- cause they don't like the voluntary system but prefer the County-court. Therefore Jacob is small. I don't know if this a textual, or a logical, or an anylitical division; but every man must divide how he cau. Now, ratepayers of Llangeinor, allow me to call your attention to a notice of a motion before our School Board. Our vicar has given notice that he will move that the Bible be reltd in school. Now, as ratepayers, we must resist these encroachments by the elergy. Wales, as everybody knows, has spoken with no uncertain sound with regard to Disestablishment, and shall we then allow a petty establishment to be set up at the expense of the public ? No, by no means There. is no compul- sion in religion. The State has no authority to look after the spiritual needs of the people. Let the State give the people just laws, but she has no claim on their conscience. Do we say these things because we hate the Bible ? By no means. We love the Bible perhaps more than those who put beer and Bible together. They vote against Sunday Closing, but they are awfully anxious to get the Bible into our schools. Who is to teach our Bible ? I hope not our schoolmaster, who is already a licensed lay reader in the Church. I maintain that it is inconsistent with thi principles of Nonconformity that religion should be taught in any form with public money. Suppose we had a Wesleyan for a teacher, would he be true to his belief or true to himself if he took the same view of baptism as a Baptist would ? Talk about being impartial; nonsense, a man must teach what he believes, and can teach nothing else except he be a hypocrite. Then the cry is raised, "no com- ment." That lands us in another difficulty. What would a child think of Noah, a drunkard, Abraham, a liar, Lot, licentious, Jacob, a deceiver, David, a murderer, Samson, Solomon, and the Prophet from Judah without some explanation respecting them. The clergy fought tooth. and nail against Board Schools. Now they seek seats on the Boards. They have National School-& in their own hands, they also try to control public schools. Rise, ratepaper, and protest against this interference with your rights, and back our members on the Board.
THE LAWS OF RTJGBY FOOTBALL.
THE LAWS OF RTJGBY FOOTBALL. The revised code of laws to govern the game of Rugby football has been issued in the form recom- mended by the International Board, and will be duly considered at the September meeting of the Rugby Football Union. No important change is suggested bar that the code appears to be drawn up in less complicated form than that which governed the game up to the present, and the wording of the various laws is clearer than in those which have been so frequently added to, and altered, during the last few years.
THROAT IRRITATION AND COUGH.—Soreness and dryness, tickling and irritation, inducing cough and affecting the voice. For these symptoms use Epps's Glycerine Jujubes. In contaot with the glands at the moment they are excited by the act of sucking, the Glycerine in these agreeable confections becomes actively healing. Sold only in boxes, 7 £ d.; tins, is. lid.; labelled "JAMES Epps & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London." Dr. Moore, in his work on "Nose and Throat Diseases," says: The Glycerine Jujubes, prepared by James Epps and Co are of un- doubted service as a curative or palliative agent," while Dr. Gordon Holmes, Senior Physician to the Municipal Throat and Ear Infirmary, writes: "After an extended trial, I have found your Glycerine Jujubes of considerable benefit in almost all forms of throat disease." [522-2 TRYING to do business without advertising is like winking in the dark YOU may kBQW What you ar4 doing, but nobody elBe does.
EAST ABERTHAW AND ,ST. ATM…
EAST ABERTHAW AND ST. ATM AN GOSSIP, A is fortunate for Ehst Aberthaw a#$the neigh- fcCttring" villages that tt-e hay harvest ix in full swingy for otherwise I Itar there woulf? be many me»s0iit of work. So mrifty men depend more or less ttjicfn' loading vessels o& the beach witfr pebbles asaaifeans whereby to gain living that tfcr lull in the dsetcand' for stone (owing'to the strikes/1 sup- pose) kag-betro felt here terribly. I sincerely Srast that tMiigs will bear a bright c? aspect before the winter sirupon- us, making anollier foe to grafpie with. I was iqiite surprised the other iky to notice tha# the lime-st close to the Aberthaw Pe-bbli- Lime Company's Works, and on1 past the old' "watch house." are here and there to be seen covered with a beautiful growth 0", maiden-hair fern. The plants grow in the joints between the stones, but are, E&fbrtunately, out of Vich. except a ladder bn used. The fern very mucS resembles some specimens I* received some timls ago from Bermuda. I shouI'd-'Se pleased to hear v/tiether this is uncommon nlong She coast. My readers may;- perhaps, recollect that I recently called attention to the fact tha £ it was only after much diffi-'j<y and danger ""h:at we were able to secure ou drinking water. I 'lorn glad to be able to now state tfht all danger is o^r, the pump having been repaired. I hope my readers will consider the following ,1 more of a joke than I did at the time :—was given to understand by & friend of mine-^who by the way, is a terrible practical ioker-that if I visited a certain place in t',rtte neighbourhood Ho- wards night, I should be rewarded by hearing the sweet song of a nightingale that had taken ap its abode there. "Accordingly, fully prepared to enjoy such a rare treat. I hisP me to the spot a7td patiently waited for the msosic to comment3; After quite a long wait, during which I did every* thing I could under the circucastances to beguile; the time, there burst forth the melodious voice of —Tom Jones' donkey. The frame of mind in which I left that spot I leave the- reader to imagine. Some young ladies, it seems, w?re bathing in the sea near here the other day, and upon leaving the water were unable to find their clothes. It is a pity that the woman who was fceen taking the clothes away, and who, only after-much difficulty, was prevailed upon to return them, has been per- mitted to go her way unpunished. We hear of so many cases of this kind along the soast,ithat, were one or two examples made—as they certainly ought to be—a beneficial result would probably follow. I was, unfortunately, unable to attend the concert at St. Athan given by the children on July 1st, but I hear that it was in every -,ray a success, and that I missed a rare trtat—generally my luck.
LL.VNTYVIT-MA.J01t NOTES. FBY PELAGICS.] The late election should teach the- Liberals of South Glamorgan very valuable lessoas, and one, amongst the many others, that elections are not won by enthusiastic meetings, but by good organi- sation, and, more especially. by seeing that every honest voter records his vote on the- day of the election. The number polled at the past election at some polling stations does not reflectcretiit on the Liberal party. The Tory party, it is well known, hoped to snatch a victory by Liberal abstentions, and to that end laboured might and main to keep Liberals from the polls. Amongetthe many devices used, the most mean, scurvy, and contemptible, which came under our ncxtide was one adopted by a landlord in the Llantwit-Major polling district. The landlord is an out voter, with the privilege of recording his vote ia the nearest polling station to his residence, and a short time previous to the day of election he wrote to one of his tenants asking him if he would p-Mr with him. as he was not very well, and if they paired it would make no difference to the result. Well; what could the tenant do in face of such a request, but comply. The man not being up to all the dirty tricks of the Tory party fell into the trap and promised not to vote, but now for the sequel. The landlord not satisfied with the prowiiso* sends a letter which was delivered to the Conservative personation agent in the booth on the day of poll- ing, requesting him to note if the tenant voted as he had promised to pair. Could anything be meaner or more wanting in honour? It used to be the boast of the British squire that his word was his bond, but this modern speciasen could not trust his tenants word. The tenaat on his side refusing to vote, and giving as his reason that he had paired with his master. And h all good faith never making any enquiries if his master kept faith. We hope that in the future no Liberal will be foolish enough to pair with landlord Qr anyone else. It must be a sorry spectacle thakgathering of the, Tories of South Glamorgan at Ci^liff on Saturday last, judging by the letter of a Conservative and Churchman in Monday's Mail. Fancy any one rising up in a Tory meeting to advocate that nothing could save Toryism in Wales but sacrific- ing the Church on the altar of '.Conservatism. We rubbed our eyes to sec if we read aright. Yes, it was quite true, and he was not alone. His opinion was shared by many of those yaresent. We do not wonder at the howl of despair of the Conservative- Churchman, who, perchance wauld suffer in pocket by that dread day when many useless clergymen would find that they would have to give way to that just law, the survival of the fittest. An exclammation that escaped from the lips ot, a clergyman, in a public place, on the morning that the news came that Mr. l)illwyn, of Swansea, was dead shows plainly how the clergy tiread Disestablishment and hiate the leaders of that movement. The rev. gentleman (to observe the term) was asked if he, had heard the news^ whpn he replied, No," and on being informoowhat it was he replied^ There is another of our anomies gone." It;" is a poor consolation to-day mean little spirit.tofind if Dillwyn is daad, that a Burnie has picked mp the mantle. A short time back we announced th;t Sir J. D. Llewellyn had" nominated Mr. Rhys VcjllLams to the living of Eglwysbrewis, and the nominations gave great- satisfaction. But we are sorry to say that some busybody, or disappointed cue, drew the attention of the SJishop to the fact tSat Mr. Wil- liams' residence. was just beyond the poipt allowed by law, for a clergyman to live from a parish where he held a dual living, and the Bisaop, having no remedy, was obliged to refuse so induct Mr, Williams. Here is another proof of the need;for the sever- ance- of Church and State. Mr. Williams was tive choice of the few parishioners of Eglwysbrewfa, the chosen of the patron of the-living, a man. with an. unblemished Christian record, but because of that unholy alliance with the State his Bishop is obliged to refuse to induct hjnto the living. One man's loss is anothes-s gain, and the. Rev. — Lewis, of Col winstone-, has gained whfti Mr. Williams lost. Mr. Lewis has been now npES&k&ted for the vacant living.
ARCHDEACON HOWELL AT PENCOED,
ARCHDEACON HOWELL AT PENCOED, During last week Archdeacon Howell, of Wrexham, after twelve years' absence, paid a visit to Pencoed, his- native plac&. On Thursday evening, at the Board Schools, he delivered his popular lecture on "-Welsh Patriotism," the chair on the occasion being taken, by the Rev. C. L. Llewellyn, rector of Coychureb, After a few preliminary rerajurks by the Chairman, the Arch- deacon delivered a stirring awt most eloquent address. Welsh nationality- traditions, institu- tions. and language of the past centuries, were treated in derail, and a blight and glowing com- parative picture was drawn of the future of the Welsh language. At tho close of 'the lecture the Rev. J. Morgan, vicar of- Llanilid, proposed a hearty vote of thanks to the Archdeacon for his edifying and admirable address, which, he said,. was so brimful of patriotism.—The vote of thankSt having been seconded by the Rev. William Jenkins, curate of Coychurch, was put to the meeting, a&d carried with acclammation.—The Archdeacon having suitably responded, proposed a vote of thanks to the Chairman, which concluded the meeting.—On Friday evening the Archdeacon occupied the pulpit of Coychurch parish church. Owing to the reputation he has attained of being one of the leading pulpit orators in Wales, the church was crowded. He based his remarks on Romans i., 16. The sermon was an exceedingly- able one, and was delivered with marked effect.
ti LEWIS'S PECTORAL did me a wonder- ful amount of good. It reeved my cough iustantly -=ls, Ud per bottle. THE "COTTAGE HOTEL," 25, ST. MARY STREET, CARDIFF. (Opposite Lloyds' Bank.) Wines and Spirits of the Choicest Quality. "gURTW ALES ON DRAUGHT A. E. WILLIAMS, PROPRIETOB. Li!-7 £ OF THE WJYAL HOTEL, CADOXTOX. BARRY. [338 Umbrella Manufactory. ■ I_I I.I ii nrr n IRRNWJMI — § R ESTABLISHED ]: I jp i -i I m&i ipiipri s 8* if i /vSjS&XAV I 2D § o "S V j ( r*s.vst&rnB,Sv_ fi 5s" if 1 ass S-st-W a f* 4-M CC ci j REPAIRS (J AND RE-TOWERING. Gent's Alpaca Umbrellas 2s. Gd. to 6s_ Sdi STent-'s Laventineaaid Glorias 4s. 6a. to 7s. idi Gent's Superior Silk Umbrella 6s. 6d. to æs. Ladies' Alpaca Umbrellas Is. 6d. to 5s. 3di Ladies Laventine ftlld Gloria" — 3s. 6d. to tis. Sii- Ladita Silk Umbrellas 8s. 6d. to ESTABLISHED 25 YIISSBS. W. PEDLER, 34' M0¥AL QARDIFIT THE BON MAECHE FOR: C H I-ITJV, GLASS,. & EARTHENWARE*. Ill, QUEEN-STREET (Nexts door to the Queen-street CAJIDIFF. Tiie Cheapest and Best TT-our-e for USEFUL-AND FAN<?Y CHI2E& Ai»D GLASS:. -[291- PRINTING of all kinds, LETTEUFTtESS and LLTHOGRAPHIO, done promptly- at the STAR OfFtCE, VEUE-STREET. CXDOXION.—The Parcels- Post affording great facilities foy cheap and. rapid transmission of pai-cols, the Managoment'-will. heiicefoKcfh; av;iil themselves of it to forward small, parcels of circulars, &c.to their many couxrta$*BU8toRi«- ers. Or'3oTSCxeeuted by return of past w&oa. se i-o- quired. NOTICE ACCURATE TIME FOR LFFTLE: MO-NET. mTERBU!(Y WATCHES. These WorM-fanaed Watches are- aow made in Nickel, Silver, and Gold filled Casesv are Jewelled, Dust-proof,, and are without doubt the best value ever offered.. REB4ERS MODERATELY A-ND PROMPTLY EXECUTED, Wate&ee sent Poet Free on receipt of Postal Order A. MONTGOMERY, THE WATERBURY WATCH DEPOT, 44, Royal Arcade, CARDIFF. [245 AjyvrCB TO MOTHEBS !—you broken in yousrest by a sick child suffering witlk the pain of cutting teeth! Go at once to a chemist and get a bottle of MBS. WIXSLOW'S SOOTHING S^SBSJP. It will relieve the poor sufferer immediately. It is perfectly harmless and pleasant to taste, it produces natural, qujet sleep by relieving the child frs«a pain, and the littlf cherub awakes as bright as a button." It soothes the child, it softens the gums, a&ays all pain, relieves wind, regulates the bowels, and is the best known remedy for dysentery and diarrheea, whether arisinalrom teeth- ing or other causes. JSrs. Winslow's Soc&ing Syrup, is sold by Medicine, dealers everywhere at la. lja^ per bottle. 6 QAS.TLE ARCADE. T. B. SUMMERS, TEA MERCHANT, 13, Castle Arcade, Cardiff. TEAS SOLD AT THIS ESTABLISHMENT ARE THE FINEST IN THE WORLD. By selling for CASH ONLY, I am able to supply the BEST.TEAS AT LOWEST PRICES. NOTE PRICES :— CHOICE INDIAN AND CHINA BLENDS. 15., 19. 2d., Is. 4d., Is. 8d., Is. 10d., 2s., 2s. 2d., 2s. 4d., 2s. 8d. CHOICE CEYLON BLENDS, 1?. 6d., 18. 8d., Is. 10d., 2s. 2d., 2s. 4d. Please give these Teas one Trial, and their Merit will ensure your further Older*. 1284 CARDIFF, June, 1892 T lIE ROYAL STORES, IN THE H A YES, CAIIDIFF. gTRIFFlTH, L LOYI), & 0OMPANY. THE ROYAL STORES is noted for its Choice Provisions, Teas. <3e. QUALITY OUR LEADING CONSIDERATION JJEAR SIR OR HAD AM, With the advent of grand summer weather ws- wieh to invite your careful attention to the un- praeedented Stock of LITTLE HAMS whish we have secured. All the Eftms are cut from Young Well-Fed Pigs, averaging- 7 score. The- Meat is the perfection of Mildnee»«nd Sweet Flavsar. WE OFFER Dry nsms, 15-lb average at qd. Per Ib. Dry Hams, 12-lb average at 7d. „ Dry Haias, 10-lllb average at 7d. „ Sides of our Celebrated Bacon .at E§d. » Eine&t Lean Sltoolders .at 4Jd..T 2 JpINEST ^yATERFORD JJACON" JE jpiNEST WILTSHIRE JgACON. QUALITY is the supreme test of Good Value. ^JHOICEST NEW AMERICAN CHEESE. Finest Quality .at 6d. Perlb. Finest Englisbt Cheddars .at 7 !d. and 8d. „ Finest Gorgonaola ,&t 9i.- „ CASH BUYERS OF ONE TO FIVE. BOXES FINEST CHEESE, We quote 5Jd. per lb. p I If E S T -GUTTERS. Best Danish Butters .at Is. 03. Per Ib. Finest Clonmel Creameries at lid; „ HOTELS, RESTAURANTS, EATING-HOUSES, AND ALL LARGE BUYERS, SPECIAL QUOTATIONS. gMOKED JgACON AND. TTJAMS. OUR JIOEMOZA rJ]^A • The aaly Tea in Wales from this beajxtiful island. EXTRAORDINARY INCREASE IN CON- SUMPTION OF CKRITEA. JpORMOZA TEA perfectly free from TANNING. JpORMOZA rpXJA, is. the most wholesome Tea imported. J^ORMOZA TEA. prefaces hilarity. J^ORMOZ& TEA is the best and cheapest i'4.! town. J^ORI^OZA rpEA is only sold at the ROYAL STORES. JpORMOZA TEA. is the only Tea people of weak digestion should drink. THREE CHEERS FOR "pOBMOZA T B A" The moat uniform in quality throughout the year in Wales. JIORMOZA fpEA, One Price, Is. 8d. per lb. — — Yoars faithfully, G IJIFIFITH, LLOYD a Co. [14