IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS.—TUESDAY, MARCH 10. Lord Brougham presented a petition from the Marquis of Westmeath, depicting the miserable state of that part of Ireland in which his estatei were situate, and praying the house to enact laws by which the mis- chiefs complained of might be stayed. The report on the Irish Protection of Life Bill was next brought up, and the several clauses with various amendments were agreed to; after which it was re- solved that the report should be adjourned till Thursday, and that the bill should be read a third time on Friday. The House then adjourned until Thursday.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—TUESDAY, MARCH 11. The Speaker took the chair at four o'clock. Mr. B. Cochrane took the oaths and his seat for Bridport. Petitions were presented from different parts of the country, praying for the remission of the sentence on Frost, Williams, and Jones. EDUCATION IN WALES. Mr. Williams then rose, in pursuance of notice, to move that an address be presented to her Majesty for inquiry to be made into the state of education in the principality of Wales, with the means afforded to the labouring classes of acquiring a knowledge of the English language. He said that the state of education in Wales was much more neglected and deficient than in any other part of the United Kingdom. The con- sequence was, that there were no works produced amongst that people which had been an addition to literature for ages, neither had there been any transla- tions of English works into their language, either on literature, the arts and sciences, especially in those most important to the interests of mineralogy, agricul- ture, or the useful arts. That was the position in which they were placed, and he thought until the Go- vernment should have taken measures for such an introduction of the English language as would increase the intelligence and information of the community in general throughout the principality of Wales, no great improvement was likely to take place. Many of these schools had masters who were themselves the most ignorant men, and, of course, were incapable of giving instructions to those under their care. He could give many proofs of what he had stated to the House, but he would not take up the time of the Hon. Members, by reading more than one or two of the statements which he had received in confirmation of the state of educa- tion in that portion of her Majesty's dominions. His motion only asked for an inquiry in the same way as it had been granted to England and Scotland. A Com- mittee had been appointed to inquire into the system of education in England and Wales, and many valuable reports resulted from that inquiry so far as England was concerned. Now out of all this inquiry only one part of Wales was alluded to. Why that was the case he could not tell. The report from that district, how- ever, gave such a statement of the destitute state of education, that he considered it binding upon her Ma- jesty's Government to remedy the evil. There were 250,000 children in the principality of Wilts, from the age of fourteen years downwards, who ought to receive education, and who were at present, in a great measure, without the means of obtaining it. He had received various letters on the subject, in one of which it was stated, that of the 250,000 a very large proportion of them received no education, or of so inferior a descrip- tion, that it may be called only nominal. The writer states, that those 250,000 children had immortal souls, and they were left without the means of receiving a proper education. In Merthyr Tydvil, and four parishes in Monmouthshire, consisting of 8.5,000 inhabitants, he states, that the means for affording education in those parishes consisted of forty-seven schools, thirty-three of which were for children, and there remained 8,026 who received no education—(Hear)—whatsoever. Sixteen of the masters of those schools were unsuccessful in re- tail trades. Eleven masters were miners or labourers, and only ten had received any education with a view of becoming fitted for the instruction of youth. Four were dissenting preachers, and such was the mode by which at present the schools in Wales were governed. He states that the instruction afforded to the children of the labouring classes could not be expected to have much permanent effect, either in raising their habits or correcting their dispositions. He found the greatest disposition among the people to avail themselves of in- struction and the district to which he had alluded, contained eighty Sunday schools, at which a large number of adults attended for several hours of the day, in order to be enabled to read their bible.-(Hear, hear.) He would refer the House to the statement of Mr. Tre- menhere. In making his statement as to the mental destitution of the people, he said, the men engaged in the furnaces and in the mills got from 25s. to GOs. a week wages. The miners and colliers got 21s. to 5.5s. the artisans 18s. to 24s.; and the commonest labourer 12s. to 18s. Now, what was the mental condition of that population so physically well off? He then quoted at some length the report of the Commissioners of Education in Wales, and especially of Mr. Tremenhere, to show the lamentable deficiency of education in the principality of Wales, and inferred from the extracts which he read that the extent of the benefit which would be conferred on its inhabitants, by giving them a sound, moral, and religious education, would be in- calculable. He could multiply such extracts a hundred- fold, but he would confine himself only to a few. He then quoted an extract from the letters of The Times' Commissioner, Mr. Foster, a barrister of high education, the same gentleman who had written a series of well considered letters on the state of Ireland, and whose mind was particularly fitted for such investigations,- for the purpose of proving the deplorable want of education among the people of Wales, especially in Carmarthenshire and the adj acent counties, and of inculcating the propriety of instructing them in the English language, which was the road of knowledge, civilization, and of advancement to the poor Welshman." Referring to the Newport and Rebecca riots, and the severe punishment they brought upon so many people, Mr. Foster says But how is this to be remedied ? By education; an extensive, a sound, a feasible plan of education, where English is the oral means of communication teach the people a knowledge of the useful sciences through its medium. The principle which is at the bottom of the acquisition of knowledge, is a motive of self-interest to attain it. The Welsh have this; every fanner desires, if he can only obtain the means, to teach his son English, because he knows that in every branch of industry, it is the language of promotion; but increase this motive of self-interest by giving increased facilities to inter-communication, give an impetus to the spread of the English language, and to a diffusion of the knowledge of the arts and comforts of civilized life amongst the poor Welshmen, which, while it improves the face of their beautiful country, will make them a more happy, a less servile-a superior people." That evidence was most important and not less valu- able in reference to the same subject was an extract which he (Mr. Williams) would read to the house, from the charge to his clergy of one of the most distinguished prelates on the bench of bishops; he meant the Bishop of St. David s To no department of oar office are these remarks more applicable than to that which is connected with the education of the children of the poor. In no other way may so much be effected with slender means. It is not with this, as with some of our other institutions, that they are commonly least valued in proportion as they are least needed. It is, I believe, very rarely indeed that the poor are found to be insen- sible to the benefits of education, even when they have received none themselves. They are anxious sometimes the more so on that account that their children should be better instructed, and many, we have reason to hope, are the cases in which the parents have been indebted to their children for religious knowledge and principles, which they would never have acquired without their assistance and example. This is a consideration which opens a clear prospect of an almost unlimited extension of the most salutary influence to those who are able and willing to wield this powerful instrument." Was not this one of the most astounding testimonies to be found in any production in the English langnage in favour of the power of education—the power which knowledge gave ? And was not the house called upon to remove from that portion of the United Kingdom in which it existed the reproach to legislation furnished in the fact that the order of nature was reversed, and that the parents were taught by the children ? It was, he believed, the first time that the House of Commons had taken into consideration the state of education in Wales; and it would not therefore be any waste of time if he read one more document, shedding national light upon the subject. It was an extract from an article in one of the leading Welsh newspapers, (The Welshman,) and from the pen of the editor—a gentle- man of very extensive attainments, and who from his position, and from communication with all classes, had had the opportunity of acquiring a large amount of that particular knowledge necessary to the comprehension of the question before the House. In speaking of the I disturbed state of Wales, and of the manner in which it had been spoken of in the House of Commons, he made the following remarks :—" In a late debate it was said, in alluding to the wide-spread spirit of agrarian tur- bulence in this part of the country, that such a violation of the laws as South Wales is the scene of betokened a general uneasiness,- the cause of general disaffection. Now we will venture to affirm, without reference to any periodical written in the Welsh language, that if the people had been acquainted with the English language, had proper instruction provided, instead of being as they now are a prey of designing hypocritcs, with re- ligion on their lips and wickedness in their hearts—a prey, at the same time, to ignorance of their rights, and to the penal consequences of anarchical proceedings, they would be at this moment, from the geographical and other peculiar advantages of their jiosuion, the happiest as well as the most peaceful and prosperous population in the world." After pointing out the educational measures which had been adopted in Scotland fur the last two centuries, and which had created, in that country, one of the most intelligent people in Europe, and after recounting, in detail, the different acts of Parliament which had been passed from the time of Henry VIII. down to the pre- sent day, for the purpose of giving instruction to the people of Ireland, he desired the house to compare what the state had done for education in Scotland and Ireland, with the almost total neglect with which it had treated the same object in Wales. He should have expected that the clergy of the established church in, Wales would have done something to remedy this ] shameful neglect, had he not been aware of their ex- cessive poverty, owing to the extraordinary manner in which the church property of Wales had been despoiled by Henry VIII., Edward IV., and Queen Elizabeth. He gave several instances of verdicts recorded contrary nut only to evidence, but also to the intentions of the jurors, from their want of knowledge of the language in which the verdict was handed up to the Court, and the evidence delivered; and he mentioned one case in which a prisoner, who declared himself to be innocent, was sentenced to death without understanding a syllable of the evidence given against him, or of the sentence under which he was condemned to die, until they were subsequently explained to him by an individual in court, whom he had asked why the judge was looking so grave and speaking so solemnly. He concluded, after a brief recapitulation of the topics of his speech, by handing up his motion to the Speaker. Mr. D. Morris corroborated the statements of Mr, Williams, and seconded his motion, contrasting the sum of E300 given to St. David's College with the large quantity voted to Ireland. Sir J. Graham could not controvert any of the propo- sitions advanced by Mr. Williams on this subject, nor was he inclined to object to the institution of some inquiry into the matters which he had brought under the notice of the house. He admitted that the want of an adequate knowledge of the English langnage was a serious obstacle, and that the knowledge of it was of vast importance to the due administration of justice in the principality of Wales. He also admitted that the knowledge of English was an element of great value in the advancement of Welshmen in society. He thought, however, that Mr. Williams had scarcely done justice to what the Government had done of late years to promote education in the mining districts of South Wales. He almost despaired of being able to establish a general system of national education for England and Wales; but he did not consider the difficulty of establishing such a system to be any reason for not establishing a separate scheme of education for all sects of Christians among the labouring classes in Wales for a separate education was certainly better for them than no education at all. Having eulogized the exertions of Sir J. Guest, and of Sir T. Phillips in providing schools for the educatioo of the children in their districts, he observed that he was by no means indisposed to agree to a still further inquiry into the state of education in Wales. He could not, however, agree to the appointment of a special commission to inquire into it. He proposed that the Educational Committee of the Privy Council should send down to Wales two of the inspectors to inquire into the extent of the ignorance of English language among the population of Wales, and into the best means of removing it. He thought that the necessary information might be speedily obtained, and that the intervention of Parliament might be procured, perhaps, during the present session. Mr. Williams consented to withdraw his motion upon the condition stated, but he wished at the same time to observe that in the course of seven years £285,000 had been expended in England and Wales, while in the five counties of Wales where the disturbances took place the expenditure had only been £ 2,176. Mr. C. W. Wynn said, he should be happy to support any proposition for the improvement of the principality but he owed it to the landlords and clergy of North Wales to state that they made great efforts and incurred great expense for the education of the people, and besides the exertions of the landlords and established clergy, the Wesleyans and Baptists and other Dissenters had done much in promoting the great objects of im- proving the social, moral, and intellectual condition of the people. Mr. Saunders Davies admitted that much had been done, but yet he knew several parishes in which much remained to be done. Mr. Wyse expressed his sympathy and congratulations on the result of the motion. He was rejoiced to hear that Wales desired the means of education, and that on the part of the Government there was an anxious wish to secure it to them. Mr. T. Duncombe then after a lengthened speech moved that "an humble address be presented to her Majesty, that she will be graciously pleased to take into her consideration the petitions of the people pre- sented during the present session of Parliament, in favour of a restoration to their native land, of Frost, Williams, and Jones." Sir J. Graham admitted that the memorial presented last session, and the petitions presented this session, were numerously signed by the working classes, and he frankly avowed that the decision upon them, which he was now going to make known, was the decision of the responsible Ministers of the Crown, weighing all the circumstances of the crime of which Fiost, Williams and Jones had been found guilty, and the effect which their pardon would now produce upon the country. Alluding to Mr. Duncombe's assertion, that Frost, Wil- liams, and Jones were misguided and unfortunate men, he admitted, that misguided they undoubtedly were, but unfortnnate they certainly were not, on the contrary, they were most fortunate, as their lives had been spared, after the heinous crime of which they had been convicted. Moreover, the feeling in favour of these individuals though great, was not universal; and the contrary must not be inferred, because those who thought that the cause of justice and order demanded the continuecikinfliction of their sentence, had remained silent. He was surprised that Mr. Duncombe should have stated that this conviction was not legal. He had said that 9 judges out of 15 had been of opinion that the objection which Frost's counsel had taken was good, but that it was taken too late. Now, that did not alter the justice of their conviction for it was the unanimous opinion of all the judges, that if the objection had been taken at the right time, it would have had no other effect than to have postponed their trial to the next assizes. He recapitulated to the house the circum- stances under which these men had attacked Newport for the purpose of exciting a general rising throughout the country, and read the summing up of Lord Chief Justice Tindal at the trial, and his speech in pronouncing sentence upon them, to show the opinion which that humane judge had formed of the enormity of their conduct. The sentence of death passed upon them was subsequently commuted to transportation, and the house was now engaged in considering whether trans- portation should not be commuted into a free pardon. He repeated that he would not be responsible for the remission of the punishment of these men at the present time. That remission was a question of time and cir- cumstance and at the present time it certainly would not be advisable to extend mercy to men guilty of such heinous crimes as those of which Frost and his asso- ciates had been convicted. Mr. Macaulay would not have taken any share in this debate had it not been for the allusion which Mr. Dun- combe had made to some letters of his, published not with his knowledge and consent, but for the express purpose of injuring his interest among his constituents in Edinburgh. Having defended the circumstances under which those letters were written, he proceeded to object to any interference on the part of the house with this particular prerogative of the Crown. He considered that this was not a case for the extension of mercy, as it had led to an attack on the Queen's troops, and if that attack had been successful, it might have led to a civil war in this country between classes, of which our children's children might have had to reap the bitterness. Mr. Disraeli was delighted that Mr. Macaulay had vindicated his recent letters, and would be still more so, if some right hon. gentleman on the Ministerial benches would vindicate the letters to which they bad recently signed their names. Five or six years ago he had been one of a minority of four who had voted for the exten- sion of lenity towards Frost and his companions and, though he had not spoken then, he now came forward to vindicate the vote which he had then given. He advised Mr. Duncombe to withdraw his motion, in order to give the Crown an opportunity of pardoning these men of its own accord; but if Mr. Duncombe would not comply with that suggestion, he should vote for his motion. Mr. J. A. S. Wortley entered into a review of the cir- cumstances which had led to the trial and condemnation of these men, and showed that so heinous was the crime of which they had been found guilty, that it was only after great pressure that Lord J. Russell and Lord Melbourne commuted the sentence of death into that of transportation for life. And yet this was the case in which Mr. Duncombe called upon the house to address Her Majesty for pardon ? If ever there was a case in which the house was bound not to interfere, the present was such a case. Mr. Aglionby wished that Mr. Duncombe could have been persuaded to withdraw his motion after the speech of Sir J. Graham. Sir R. Inglis trusted that Mr. Duncombe would not be allowed to withdraw his motion, but that the house would reject it by a decided majority. Mr.Wakley wished that he could bring back the house to the feeling which animated it immediately after the speech of Sir James Graham. He was convinced that this discussion could not be prolonged any farther with advantage, and he should resume his seat by asking Sir J. Graham to listen to the expressed wishes of supplicating millions. Sir R. Peel observed, that his opinion of the impolicy of interfering in that house with the exercise of the pre- rogative of mercy by the Crown, had been more than ever confirmed by the turn which the discussion had taken that evening. The present was a question which ought to be left to the unfettered discretion of the Crown. He thought that this debate ought to close upon a distinct understanding that the Crown was not bound to take any other course save that which the interests of justice required. Mr. M. Phillips should vote against this motion, if it were pressed to a division. At the same time he wished it to be distinctly understood, that in so doing he was not treating with scorn the petitions of the people. After a short speech from Mr. Howard, Lord J. Russell rose for the purpose of pointing out the impolicy of entering into discussions on the exercise of the prerogative of mercy by the Crown in the House of Commons. He should vote against this motion, be- cause he was convinced that all the circumstances of this case would be more impartially considered by the Ministers of the Crown than by any other tribunal. The house then divided, when the numbers were For the motion 31 Against it. 196 Majority. 165 1 On the motion of Mr. Newdegate, a select committee was appointed to inquire into the facilities afforded to vexatious objections and fraudulent claims under the present system of registration of county voters fur the election of members of Parliament. The other orders of the day were then disposed of, and the house adjourned. In consequence of the extensive alterations in the Mails throughout South Wales, we are compelled TO 00 TO PuKSs AT A HJCJr EARLIEH HOLIt than usual it will therefore be requisite that all Communications in- tended for the Welshman should reach the Office on THURSDAY EVENING at the Latest. We cannot insert, or notice in any way, any commu- nication that is sent to us anonymously but those who choose to address us in confidence will find their con- fidence respected. Neither can we undertake to return any manuscripts whatever. Ar SIENCYN came too late to be attended to this week. Several communications arrived too late for insertion.
We have cause w congratulate our Cambrian popu- lation. Seldom, indeed, has it been our happy lot, during a rather long political career, to feel a larger amount of the liveliest satisfaction than that which we derived, and which we are sure the public of the princi- pality of Wales will derive, from the proceedings of Parliament on Tuesday night last:—seldom have we seen a measure brought before the House of Commons, of greater promise to Wales than that which MR. WIL- LIAMS originated and took the foremost place in earnestly and ably urging upon the attention of Government. This educational movement contains the germ of much that is good and great. The patriotic effort, moreover* on the part of the Hon. Member for Coventry, was sub- stantially crowned with success, and we may anticipate the happiest results. We may look forward hopefully to the day when the educational destitution of Wales will be succeeded by a great social, moral, and material improvement in the condition of its inhabitants. It will be in the highest degree gratifying to those who feel an interest in the advancement of the Welsh popu- lation, to perceive that Government has promised to co- operate with the hon. member for Coventry-substituting only for a Commission, which certainly would have been by far the better course, Inspectors appointed by the Educational Commission of the Privy Council. It will, we repeat, afford great gratification to the good and wise to see that Sir. JAMES GRAHAM, on the occasion referred to, acknowledged that the ignorance of the English language which pervades, at least, our labouring population, is "a serious obstacle," —that aknowledge of English is of vast importance to the due adminis- tration of justice in IVales," and moreover to see that SIR JAMES avowed his adhesion to that proposition which we ourselves, in this journal, on former occasions have hnmbly but earnestly insisted upon-namely that A KNOWLEDGE OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IS AN ELEMENT OF GREAT VALUE IN ADVANCING THE SOCIAL CONDITION OF WELSHMEN." This was always our expressed conviction. We retain that conviction, we entertain the same opinion now as we gave expression to in the article, an extract of which MR. WILLIAMS did us the honor to quote in the course of his speech; a speech which is characterised by great power-which is strong in facts, admirable by its effective marshalling of them, full of matter, cogent and conclusive in argu- mentative result. MR. WILLIAMS, it will be seen, brought forward some valuable authorities in support of his address for inquiry into the state of Education in Wales, especially into the means of acquiring a knowledge of the English languages." Amongst the number was one which we ourselves deem the highest-and our actual experience gives us some claim to be confident on such a subject. We allude to the charge of the Lord Bishop of St. David's. We intend in our next number to recur to the subject of MR. WILLIAMS'S address at present, we shall only say that the hon. member for Coventry has established claims on the gratitude of Welshmen which we are sure will be allowed as long as ennobling influence is appre- ciated, actual utility valued, and practical patriotism honored.
The actual waste of British blood in the righteous cause of self-defence on the banks of the Sutlej, and the contingent war with the United States which POLK and the democratic party are conspiring to precipitate with demented recklessness of consequences and almost demoniac fury of purpose-the War in India, of which the battles already fought are only the commencement of the Punjaub campaign and the significant abrogation of resolutions adopted by the American congress and senate for joint occupancy, almost equal, under the cir- cumstances, to a notice for us to quit at a day named by the insolent claimants of the Oregon, or to be prepared to vindicate our pretensions to a portion of the territory by force of arms—even these grave and important events give way in the public mind to the peculiar exigencies of a period when famine is to be averted in one part of the kingdom, and the commerce of the whole country to be so expanded an d strengthened as to convert contingent scarcity into positive abundance and prosperity. The topic of the day then is Import Emancipation. On freedom of industry, on liberty from the Imperial Legislature to purchase Food, together with all the other products of the great human family which are pecu liar to each country severally, by our woollens and the other commodities manufactured by us—on obtaining this undoubted right, the attention of the British public is almost exclusively bent. The grip of monopoly has now begun to relax in earnest. In committee, indeed, the House of Commons has given it the coup de grace, for on Friday night the various amendments, after a few speeches were withdrawn from the contest. On that evening all the Ministerial resolu- tions were adopted, without even a division. Have we not in this unlooked for acquiescence from the Protectionists matter for congratulation ? Nor are the parties them- selves without claim to our most respectful consideration. They had fought and were conquered; where was the use of prolonging the contest on Friday. They felt resistance was unavailing, and they virtually said so. MR. S. O'BRIEN, with a candor that we cannot but admire, gave expression to the sentiment of his party by implying that they knew when they were beaten He said, according to the parliamentary summary in Saturday's Times, that there had been no reprehensive delay in discussing the Corn Importation Act. It would have been possible for a powerful minority to have clogged the notice book with amend- ments on the Government plan, and yet not one notice had been given by any member of that minority. ( It was better that an important change of this nature should be doggedly and pertinaciously discussed than adopted recklessly and harshly. He should not vote either upon this or any other amendment proposed on the Government plan. Having made this declaration, Mr. S. O'Brien and a large number of Protectionists left the house. We sincerely agree with every word of MR. O'BRIEN on this occasion, as well as fully concur in the course the Protectionists pursued by laying down their arms and walking quietly out of the House. We agree in the propriety of both MR. O'BRIEN'S sentiments, and the practical step taken by the hon. gentleman who side with him against a large majority— we agree with all of it, but more especially do we assent to the doctrine that it was better that an important change in our commercial policy should be doggedly and pertinaciously discussed than adopted recklessly and harshly." Yes, it was far better and now that they have discharged their minds—now that they see that the best convictions and the most gallant assaults may be unavailing when opposed to the wants and wishes of a great nation resolved to be free, they will unquestionably acquiesce in passing the bills not only with a good grace, but endeavour to believe it all for the best. Ia so doing they will but anticipate a result which is as sure to be witnessed as the first of February, 1849. 4-
Commend us to the Cambrian Conservatism. We love a reality, come from where it may. We admire and respect earnestness, for it is archetypical of all the honesties And sincerities that lend lustre to life, or impart confidence between man and man. SAMUEL JOHNSON avowed a great respect for a "good hater," implying that such a person was more likely to be a good man than a mealy mouthed gentleman, with plastic placidity at his finger's end, always ready for the arrogant aggressor. And we believe the Doctor was quite right. A man who does not do any thing by halves may be rash, he may be his own enemy, but he gives a guarantee to others of his sincerity which must be sought in vain from those of more phlegmatic and cal- culating, not to say sordid instincts. But we are beginning seriously to inculcate a moral lesson when we only intended half jestingly half in earnest, to praise a AVelsh Conservative. The hon. and gallant member for Brecon has earned our best thanks for the bravery he displayed on Friday in Committee on the Corn Im- portation Act. Nobly and successfully did he vindicate his character from the crime of consistency in wrong-a consistency which those political moralists protect who hold that allegiance is due from a Conservative to his party, not to his country, to a small section, not to the great community of England numbering no less than 26,000,000 human beings with mouths to be filled and bodies to be fed. Flinging to the winds the fixed duty proposal of the hon. member for Anglesea, COL. WOOD confessed, with a frank manliness which all must admire, if not approve, that he had been wrong all his life in his opinions respecting restrictions on the import of corn. For the last 30 years, he declared, he had voted for every act for the regulation of the importa- tion of foreign corn but he was now convinced that every one of those acts had been, a complete failure. He should oppose every amendment to the Govern- ment measure, come from what quarter it might and for this reason, that Sir R. Peel knew best in what shape it was most likely to obtain the approbation of the House of Lords. At the same time he hoped that their lordships would send back this bill to the House of Commons so amended as to produce a total and immediate repeal of the corn laws. And from whom does this good and wise aspiration proceed ? From COL. WOOD the Conservative, from Brecon's Tory representative. Aye, but Toryism has been converted to Conservatism, and Corlservatism again purified in the crucible of Reason by the spirit of the times comes out now a sterling substance, fructifying the earth by its fertilizing properties.
In declaring our concurrence with MR. CURTEIS who contends for the simultaneous abolition of the Malt, Corn, and Hop taxes, we are perfectly aware that we are not at one with the advocates of those principles of taxation whom we generally agree with but neverthe- less we cannot help thinking that the repeal of the Malt tax and the Hop Duties, with a permission to plant and cure Tobacco ought to have formed a part of SIR ROBERT PEEL'S system of compensation. The Malt tax falls exclusively on the labouring classes ? It may be a very moral tax in the imagination of a Minister, but it is a very unfair one in the opinion of the people at large, and we are convinced that no party cry at the hustings would be more popular than down with the Malt-tax, down with the Hop Duties-ABOLISII THE BEER TAX."
CARMARTHENSHIRE. I EDUCATION IN WALES.—In will be seen on refer- ence to our Parliamentary intelligence that David Morris, Esq., the respected representative of this borough, seconded the motion of Wm. Williams, Esq., one of we the members of Coventry for an enquiry into the State of Education in Wales. The hon. Member deserves the highest praise from his constituents on this occa- sion. CARMARTHEN PETTY SESSIONS.—John Davies, ser- vant in husbandry to Mr. Thomas Williams, Cwrtmale, Llangunnock, was committed to the House of Correction for one month for leaving his service.—Hannah Morris, of Trefach, Llanarthney, was convicted in the penalty of £ 5, or in default of payment to be imprisoned for one month in the House of Correction, for retailing beer without a license.—An order was made on John Griffiths, Talybont, Llandilo-Abercowin, for the payment of 2s. per week for the maintenance of his mother.-John Hoicett, late of Mydrim, was committed to the House of Correction for three calendar months for refusing to maintain his wife and family.—Some trivial cases were then disposed of. CARMARTHEN FISHING COMPANY.—A meeting of the shareholders in the trawling vessels from this port, was held on Wednesday morning to receive the report of the honorary secretary, and to confer on the plans to be adopted for the ensuing fishing season. From the statement of the accounts a satisfactory result was shewn upon the past season; the company having been only formed in July last, at which time the best fishing months had passed over. The meeting finally resolved to increase the amount of their capital by the sale of additional shares, in order to purchase a superior vessel in the place of one of their present number which did not answer her purpose equally with the others. Every shareholder present took an increased number, and a few remain for disposal to the public. The advantages of the supply of fish to this town during the last short season were too well known and appreciated to require any comment from us. SiR THOMAS POWELL'S CHARITY.—The School-room in connection with this charity will, it is understood, be finishedby the 13th of July. It will be remembered that James Davies, of Troed- y-rhiw-fechan, was some time since fined JE25 for a tres- pass in pursuit of game, it being his first offence, and immediately afterwards was surcharged for not having a game certificate. In consequence of an application from David Morris, Esq., the Board of Stamps and Taxes have, under the circumstances, consented to commute the surcharge.
CARMARTHENSHIRE ADJOURNED SESSIONS. I An adjournment of the January Quarter Sessions was held yesterday at the Town Hall, Carmarthen, for the trial of prisoners, so as to lighten the business at the Assizes. The calendar contained only two prisoners for trial. The following magistrates were present: J. E. Saunders, Esq., Chairman, J. W. Philipps, J. G. Philipps, J. Davies, and Grismond Philipps, Esquires. The grand jury consisted of the following gentle- men :-Frederick Kynaston, Esq., Blaencorse, foreman, James Rogers, St. Clears, Lewis Roberts, ditto, Wm. Carver, Wenallt, William Waters, Rushmoor, Henry Lewis, Hendre, Griffith Barrett, David Jones, Green- castle, W. Lloyd, Penybank, David Davies, Danyrallt, Henry Malin, Abergwilly, Thomas Rees, Pentrevynis, Benjamin Richards, Glantowy, David Thomas, Bwlch- gwyn, W. Francis, Penygraig, Howell Davies, Conwil, and Llewellyn Lewis, of Conwil, Esquires. The learned Chairman in addressing the grand jury, apologised to them for having summoned them at this time of the year, and observed that as the expense of a prosecution at the Sessions averaged from jE8 to £ 10, while the same prosecution if tried at the Assizes, would cost from £2.) to £30, they would at once per- ceive that the magistrates, as guardians of the public purse, had had a due regard to economy, and were per- fectly justified in holding an adjournment of the Sessions. Margaret Ilotcells, was indicted for stealing two breakfast tins, some wooden trenchers, a child's che- mise, a bedgown, a sheet, a pair of child's shoes, two knives and a fork, the property of the guardians of the LlaneU* Union. It appeared from the evidence for the prosecution that Mr. Griffith Harries, master of the Union Workhouse, perceived the prisoner (who had been an inmate) from his bed-room window in the act of secreting some articles under a hedge. On proceeding to the spot, he found some of the articles laid in the indictment, and on searching her lodgings a great many more were found and identified. The prisoner, who was undefended, was found guilty, and sentenced to six months' imprisonment with hard labour. Attorney for prosecution, Mr. B. Jones, Llanelly. Sarah Mathias, was indicted for shoplifting at Llanelly. Mr. John Williams appeared for the prosecution, and stated that on the loth of January, it being market day at Llanelly, the prisoner went into the shop of Mr. Richard Palmer, Draper, of Park Street, and asked for some cotton. Mr. Palmer desired her to go to the further end of the shop, which she did, setting down her basket at her feet. He observed her stoop twice to her basket, which excited his suspicion, and as she went out he closely scrutinised the basket, which was then covered over with a cloth. On questioning the assistant, he discovered that a piece of check, and a piece of striped cotton were missing. Having procured a police- man, he followed the prisoner and found her in the shop of Mr. Robert White. She was then searched, and a piece of check found in her basket. The piece of cotton was found in a bag belonging to the prisoner which was in a stall in the market. On her entrance into Mr. White's shop, she appeared to be chewing something which afterwards fell upon the counter, and turned out to be the private mark which Mr. Palmer had placed on the check. Notwithstanding an ingenious and eloquent defence by Mr. Simons, the prisoner was found guilty and sentenced to be imprisoned with hard labour for nine calendar months. This terminated the business of the Sessions.
CARMARTHEN TOWN COUNCIL. I At the meeting held on Tuesday last there were pre- sent:—The Mayor, Aldermen J.Jenkins, J. G. Phi- lipps, Webb, W. Morris, and W.G.Thomas; Coun- cillors E. H. Stacey, S. Tardrew, C. Brigstocke, E. B. Warren, W. Simons, Job Jones, J. Adams, T. Jones, B. Jones, and H. Norton. The Mayor announced that in accordance with the wish of the council he had forwarded to Mr. Thomas Brigstocke the silver snuff-box subscribed for by the members of the municipal body, together with the vote of thanks unanimously accorded to him for his hand- some present of the portrait of the late General Sir W. Nott. In reply he had received a letter from Mr. Brigstocke expressive of his gratitude to the council for their kind present, and their demonstration of interest in his prosperity as an artist. He assured them that the approbation of his fellow townsmen would ever be esteemed a reward of no mean order. The council then proceeded to fill up the vacancy in Mr. Ribban's school, by the election of a scholar on Sir Thomas Powell's foundation. Two candidates were proposed, John Davies, son of a seaman, residing on the Quay, was elected by a majority of 13 to 4. Messrs. F. Moss and J. N. Roberts qualified as auditors for the current year. Messrs. E. W. Shackell and R. Evans qualified as assessors. Several bills were then passed. Upon the presenta- tion of a demand from Mr. E. Leader Williams for Jf.23, for surveying and reporting upon the capability of improvement of the river Towy, Mr. W. Morris objected to the payment of the bill. He should like to know what report Mr. Williams had made, as he had never seen it, and from what he had heard the council were just as wise after Mr. Williams came down as before. Mr. Simons observed that Mr. Williams had merely reported that if two straight cuts were made in the river it would be shorter, and that if the fords were removed the river would be deeper. (Laughter.) This he said could be effected for £ 12,000. Mr. John Lewis said that it would be much better if the JE23 was expended in clearing the fords than in paying for such a report. Several vessels had been detained during the past week in consequence of the bad state of the fords. The bill was then ordered to stand over till Mr. Geo. Davies could attend the council in order to afford in- formation as to the report. Mr. Simons wished to enquire of the Building Com- mittee, as a number of additions had been made to the works at the New Market which were not in the original drawings, whether the expense of those additions was to be borne by the contractor or by the ratepayers of the town. The Mayor thought it ought to be paid by Mr. Fowler, because the additions were required in conse- quence of a fault in his plans. Whether the council could compel him to pay was another question. Mr. W. Morris said that under any circumstances the contractor certainly could not be called upon to pay. Mr. Simons then said he understood Mr. Fowler had been requested and had promised on numerous oc- casions lately to attend the Building Committee, and had neglected to so. He wished to know if such was the case ? The Mayor observed that Mr. Fowler had been pro- mising ttf come daily for the last three weeks. Mr. W. Morris said that Mr. Fowler had repeatedly named days on which he proposed meeting the Com- mittee, but in every instance he had disappointed and deceived them. Mr. Simons said that under these circumstances he thought it his duty to address a few observations to the council. From the time he had withdrawn from the Building Committee, he had carefully abstained from visiting the market until that morning, and when he did so, he found that his prognostications with regard to the building were literally fulfilled. The affair was de- fective both in design and execution. The timber was too weak and the roof had begun to swag in every direction. There was not a straight piece of roofing in the whole market. In consequence, however, of the addition of iron pillars which had been fixed up by order of the Committee, some of the roofs had been made to assume a straight line. But he would ask whether that timber which already required propping even before the market was finished, was capable of supporting heavy weights for any length of time. Having once given way the timber had very much de- teriorated both in value and stability. The sheds against the wall had not been strengthened at all. In fact the market, although new, presented an appearance of instability and insecurity that was lamentable. It was built by Mr. Fowler upon plans which the council never saw or approved of, and when those sheds were first impugned by him, Mr. Fowler said it was not fair to judge of them until they were complete. They were now nearly complete, and he could show that they were not substantially built. The woodwork was condemned at first by competent persons as too weak, but Mr. Fowler had said it was all right as it was constructed upon the principle of railway sheds. At present, the entire market had an appearance of instability, and the larger sheds had been supplied with additional iron pillars to support the roof. All this had happened in consequence of the council not having been supplied with plans in the first instance. They had nothing to bind Mr. Fowler, and if they were to bring an action, they had no means of fixing Mr. Fowler for his faults, in consequence of their not having any more than the working plans. lie felt convinced that tradesmen would not allow their wives and daughters to enter the market unless a sufficient guarantee was afforded of its stability and strength. He proposed that a Committee of three or four should be appointed to enquire into the mode in which the market is constructed, and that they be empowered to call in the aid of any architect of skill they may select, and should the building prove in- sufficiently strong, that they be empowered to complete it according to the opinion of the architect they may employ. The Mayor said in explanation, that when Mr. Fowler was last down, he had offered that the council should at his expense select a competent architect to inspect the work upon its being finished. He for one should net allow a single person to go into the market unless he was perfectly convinced of its complete safety. He believed that on a former occasion Mr. Fowler had been attacked unfairly respecting Mr. Watson, and Mr. Simons's declaration that whatever Mr. Fowler said or did he should still entertain the same opinion," gained Mr. Fowler more friends than would otherwise have been the case. He certainly should not have gone so far in Mr. Fowler's favour and would not again do so. Mr. Simons said that perhaps he had been rash in what he said, but it would be conceded that Mr. Fowler was treating the council very ill. The Mayor:—I perfectly agree with you. Mr. Simons continued to observe, that after the warm and voluntary support Mr. Fowler had received, his conduct was very bad. In justice to those who had supported him and to his own character, he should attend the Committee. Mr. W. Morris said that as Mr. Simons's remarks would go forth to the public, and it might perhaps be thought that the Committee had been guilty of gross neglect, he wished to explain that the Committee had of their own accord rectified many of the mistakes com- mitted by Mr. Fowler in the plans. They had added a number of iron rods and pillars, and had improved the foundations of the pillars. Mr. Fowler had left the beams entirely unsupported, but the Committee had put an additional pillar between every two already erected. He quite agreed that Mr. Fowler had evinced great neglect in not superintending this work himself, instead of leaving it to the Committee and Mr. Galpine, whose services he considered the town was extremely fortunate in having obtained. In ad- dition' to what he had already done, the Committee had secured a guarantee from Mr. Fowler that a Member of the Society of Architects should at his expense survey the work and give his opinion respecting it. Mr. Simons thought that the main point to be secured was the investigation of the work while it was in pro- gress, so as to give a stable character to the building hereafter. He candidly expressed that he had no con- fidence in Mr. Fowler, and thought this the best time to make any alterations that might be deemed necessary. Mr. W. Morris thought that Mr. Fowler could not deceive the Committee much longer and it would be better to allow the matter to stand over until he had arrived and made his report. Mr. Job Jones also thought this plan advisable. Mr. H. Norton seconded Mr. Simons's motion, and in so doing said that it was somewhat singular that du- ring the whole time the Building Committee had been in existence no report had been laid before the Council. Mr. W. Morris explained that on each visit of Mr. Fowler, a report had been handed in. Mr. H. Norton then observed that he had not the honour of having a seat in that Council when the Build- ing Committee was appointed, otherwise he should have seen that the plans were in safe custody. The Mayor observed that he should have objected to act on the Committee unless the plans were in their power. Mr. T. Jones said that when the question came before the Council as to delegating their authority to a Com- mittee, he had suggested that that Committee should have copies of the plans and specifications. This, how- ever had not been attended to. Mr. H. Norton wished to know whether the Council or Committee had the plans now. Mr. W. Morris answered in the negative, and said that Mr. Fowler wanted them to draw the working plans from. Mr. C. Brigstocke believed that there was a defect in the principle of the construction of the Markets and that the timber was of a good quality. Mr. W. Morris said that if the Council were dissatisfied the Committee ought to be dismissed before a fresh one was appointed. Mr. Simons would be satisfied if the Committee would call in the aid of the professional gentleman now to inspect the work. After some further discussion the motion was almost unanimously iiegatije e only two Councillors voting for It, the Council considering it more advisable to wait for Mr. Fowler's report. 0 The Town Clerk was then instructed to write to Major Philipps' solicitors, desiring them to use expedition in forming the road from Lammas Street to the New Market. The Building Committee was requested to report to- the next meeting an eligible spot for the erection of the weighing machine. The entrance to Blue-street was suggested as the most appropriate part of the town. The meeting was then adjourned for a fortnight.
WELSH RAILWAYS. I FIFTH REPORT FROM THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON I RAILWAY BILLS CLASSIFICATION. The Select Committee appointed for the classification of railway Bills according to the resolutions adopted by the house, and who are empowered to report from time to time, have further considered the several matters referred to them, and agreed to report as follows;- Your committee have had it represented to them by the Solicitor for the London, Bristol, and South IVales Direct Bill, that the company promoting that bill have abandoned so much of their line as connected Chippen- ham with the Aust Passage over the River Severn, and that it no longer forms a line of communication with South Wales. Under these circumstances your com- mittee recommend that the bill be removed from Group No. 31, and placed in Group No. 18. Your committee recommend that the following bills be referred to a distinct committee :— GROUP, No. 47.—Welsh Midland; Swansea Vale; Shrewsbury and Hereford Shrewsbury and Hereford- shire Brecon and Merthyr Tydvil Junction Vale of Neath and Monmouthshire. Gnocp, No. 48.—Monmouth and Hereford New- port, Abergavenny, and Hereford; Great Eastern and Western Swansea and Loughor Tenby, Saundersfoot, and South Wales Llynvi Valley and South Wales Junction Taff Vale Worcester, Hereford, Ross, and Gloucester. GROUP, No. 50 —Manchester and Birmingham Con- tinuation and Welsh Junction. GROUP, No 51 —Great North and South Wales Worcester and Portdynllaen. Great North and South Wales and, Wor- cester Railway. The following account of the proceedings in reference to this Railway, in the House of Commons, on Thursday night, appears in the Metropolitan papers Mr. Morris having moved the second reading of this bill, Sir De Lacy Evans presented a petition against the bill from a large portion of the shareholders, charging the promoters of this bill with having (in opposition to a resolution of the directors, who agreed to take the opinion of the Solicitor-General upon the disputed ques- tion of whether the company should be dissolved in ac- cordance with the wishes of a portion of the shareholders, or the bill proceeded with) suddenly and in a surrep- titious manner carried the bill through the Standing Orders Committee. He would not enter into the details which were stated in the petition, but simply move that the second reading of the bill be postponed till Monday, and that this petition against it be printed, that the house might have an opportunity of making itself ac- quainted with the facts of the case. Mr. T. Duncombe seconded the motion for suspending the second reading of the bill until Monday. He had seen the statement contained in the petition, from which it would appear that the case was a very peculiar one, and deserving of the interference of the house. Mr. Morris (who spoke in a very low tone of voice) was understood to say that it was those shareholders who purchased their shares at a very low mark, and wanted to avoid the payment of the call which was made in January, who were opposing the further pro- gress of the bill. Mr. Davis was understood to support the bill, but not to object to the motion for postponement. Mr. Greene suggested that if the petition was pre- sented on private grounds, it ought to be printed at the expense of the parties. Mr. T. Duncombe said that a petition of a similar nature was ordered to be printed the other day. The grounds might be said to be public grounds. Mr. W. Williams positively objected to the petition being printed at the public expense, and after some fur- ther conversation on the subject, Mr. T. Duncombe said, he would end the discussion by agreeing, on the part of the petitioners, to print it at their own expense. The second reading of the bill was accordingly post- poned till Monday. We have since been given to understand that the second reading of the bill has been again postponed till Monday next, the 16th instant. THE SPEAKER'S LEVEE.—Among the M.P.'s who attended the Speaker's third Levee on Saturday last, were Viscount Emlyn, Sir S. Glynne, Sir J. B. Walsh, and David Morris, Esq. Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Gloucester had a dinner party last evening at Gloucester House, Park- lane, when the guests included the Earl and Countess of Cawdor and Lady Mary Campbell. CHURCH PREFERMENT.—The Rev. D. E. Jones, M.A., has been presented to the perpetual curacy of Llandinal, Cardiganshire The thanks of the Three Commotts District Roads Board for this County, John Edward Saunders, Esq., J. P. Chairman, voted at their last meeting at Llan- gendeirne, have been communicated to Hugh Williams, Esq., for the trouble and interest he took relative to the protection of the Kidwelly embankment from the inroads of the late high tides, and the loss and destruction that might otherwise have ensued. LLANELLY AND LLANGENNECII PLOUGHING MATCH. —A ploughing match took place on Wednesday, the 4th inst., in a field belonging to Wm. Rees, Soho Farm, Llanelly. The day proved very favourable Twenty five ploughs started in most excellent style, each plough- man completed his task of an acre, within the limited time (4 hours.) When the field was cleared, the judges, Messrs. John Jones, of Cwmburry, and David Evans, of Alltycadno, entered the field, but owing to the excellence of the work, it took them nearly two hours to examine it. They awarded the prizes as follows 1. James Phillip, ploughman to D. Lewis, Esq. E. s. d Stradey 1 5 0 2. John Henry, do. 1 0 0 3. John Bowen, son of J. Bowen, Gellyfychan 0 15 0 4. Thos. Evans, son of D. Evans, Cencoed 0 10 0 5. T. Jones, servant to R. Angoed, Mangwyn 0 5 0 The 2nd. prize was awarded to Evan Thomas, plough- man, to R. J. Nevill, Esq., of Llangennech, but owing to his having won the 2nd prize last year, he was pre- cluded by the rules from receiving that prize this year. Each of the unsuccessful ploughmen was provided with a supper and a quart of ale. The decision of the jud- ges gave very general satisfaction. In the evening about 30 friends to agriculture met at the Fountain Inn, where they partook of an excellent dinner provided by Mrs. Harry, in her usual good style. Mr. John Gibson of Box, presided, and Mr W. Moodie, of Penyfan, occupied the Vice Chair. The usual toasts were drank with much enthusiasm, and the evening passed off very pleasantly. LLANDILO PETTY SESSIONS were held on the 7th inst., before J. L. Thomas, Esq. and the Rev. H. T G. Williams.- Griffitlt Bowen Jones v. Margaret Davies.- Mr. Thomas Lewis, who appeared for the complainant in this case, under the provisions of the 5th and 6th Geo. 4th, cap. 59, for ill-treating a hound bitch, the property of complainant, who was called, and proved that on Monday, the 2d instant, he was possessed of a white hound bitch called Ransom; that the bitch was worth two guineas, but that he would not sell her for five, as she was a very good one. He had given one guinea for her to John Evans, of Kilwayn, about a year back. On Monday last he was sent for to the White Hart public house, where he found that his hound had been dreadfully wounded with some sharp instrument, by cutting the hamstrings of both her hind legs, so that she is now perfectly useless. John Evans, of Spite Inn, Llanfynydd, stated that as he was passing through Nantyribo village, about 1 o'clock on Monday, the 2a instant, on his road to Llandilo, when opposite to Mr. Peter Edwards's house, he saw a hound bitch coming out bleeding dreadfully, and the prisoner following her. Witness said to the girl that she had done a fine job le,, The prisoner laughed by cutting the poor dog's legs." The prisoner laughed and shut the door. The prisoner is Mr. Edwards's servant. Witness knew the dog well; it was a hound bitch called Ransom, belonging to Mr. Jones, of Gur- rey she was bleeding dreadfully and both her hamstrings were fresh cut. She ran up the road into the White Hart yard, about fifty yards from Mr. Edwards's house. Witness immediately mentioned the circumstance to Mary Edwards, of the White Hart, who sent for Mr. Jones. Cross-examined by Mr. Popkin, who appeared for the prisoner The prisoner had a sweeping brush in her hand, and was cleaning away the blood from the flags in the passage. I saw the blood inside the door on the passage. I did not see the prisoner do anything to the dog; the injury had been done before the dog came out of the house." Mr. Edwards, and his sister Mrs. Price, were called to prove that no other person but themselves and prisoner were in the house on the day in question, and that neither himself nor sister had committed the offence. Mr. Edwards urged that his maid could not have committed the offence at the time mentioned by the witness Evans, as she was making some pancakes for him. The magistrates dismissed the case, the Chairman observing—" We think it a very sus- picious case, and a very bad one, but we do not consider there is sufficient evidence to convict." DIABOLICAL OUTRAGE.—Last week two valuable cart horses belonging to Mr. Thomas, of Lovelodge, near Llandilo, were dreadfully cut with some sharp instru- ment by some scoundrel. One of the poor animals had its tail cut quite off, and the other was cut along the back. One of them was worth £40, and is since dead. The villain who perpetrated this diabolical offence has not yet been discovered.
PEMBROKESHIRE. I iNIAI-.NCI.OCIInC- FAIR was held on the 10th instant. There was a large number of inferior horses on sale, of which many were sold at fair prices. The few good ones shewn were eagerly bought at high rates. The shew of store pigs was moderate, and prices ruled about the same as late fairs. TF.NBY. We have again to record an act of liberality of the Misses Tudor towards the improvement of Tenby. For some years past great complaints have been made against the approach to the north sands; about two years ago, the Corporation made an exchange of a piece of ground for the express purpose of making a carriage road down to- the north shore. Difficulties came in their way, and the object was abandoned; the ground was afterwards let to the mayor and Major Tudor for the purpose of making a lfower garden. The Misses Tudor, at their own expense, have completed the approach so long desired, and which act of liberality doubtless will be felt and appreciated by the inhabitants and visitors of the town. PEMBROKESHIRE SPRING ASSIZES. I His lordship, Mr. Justice Wightman, arrived at a fordwest at 6 o'clock on Thursday evening, and Pro, cccded to open the commissions, after which the cour adjourned. FRIDAY. I His lordship attended Divine Service, this morn at St. Mary's church, which was performed in an 'I13' pressive manner by the vicar. The Rev. T. -?valts, -ho is the sheriS's chaplain, preached from the 13th c halV). of Romans, 1st verse, Let every soul be subje t unto the higher powers for there is no power "u Of God the powers that be are ordained of God." ￼ His lordship entered the court at 12 o'clock,^ following magistrates of the county answered to hlir names :-George Bowen, Moses Griffiths, J. I Harries, J. T. W. James, Thomas Lloyd, E. T.a.S y, J. H. Peel, J. H. Phillips, George Roch, -NTichols, Roch, Esquires, and Rev. S. W. Saunders. GHAD JURY FOR THE COUNTY.—John H. P?'?' foreman R. D. Ackland, William Butler, John C.ol y H. G. Fownes, Moses Griffiths, J. Hill Harries, GIlbe;' James Harries, Thomas Lloyd, W. H. Lewis. E- T. Massey, J. H. Peel, J. P. A. L. Philipps, W. C. ￼ Philipps, George Roch, Nicholas Roch, J. T. W. James, George Bowen, Esqrs. GRAND JnlY FOR HAVERFORDWES-I-T.hll vey, foreman; William Thomas, William Lleellivf Thomas Philpott, Joseph Marychurch, John Le,vlSi John Williams, John Green, William Perkins, EdIVaI'd Fisher, William Davies, Benjamin Harvey, Ricar Phillips, James Saies, John Richards, John JardIne, James Jenkins, John Davies, Esqrs. After the reading of the proclamation against VICt, profaneness, and immorality. His Lordship addressed the grand jury for the coi>n" ( to the following effect:— e He could not congratulate them on the state or tb, calendar he had had, personally, no opportunity,, judging as to the general state of the county vri regard to crime, but from the enquiries he had made » was sorry to find that the present calendar indicated increase both as to the number and nature of offences the county. In many counties, with which he "0 acquainted, it had often occurred to his lordship tb to the new system of rural police, which had bee: adopted therein, was to be attributed the appareol increase of crime, not so much to the increase of ogleo, ces, as to the detection of those which would otherwi6t have escaped justice; but to this county, in which tb»* system had not been established, such a mode °, accounting for the increase of prisoners for trial, could not be available. But whatever might be the cau,sc. and however desirable it was to remedy the evil, it was very difficult to point out the most effecttlsl method. There was however, one, to which lordship had no doubt the jury too had directed their attentiol" namely, the obtaining for the young, a sound, mar and religious education. His lordship did not intend nor was that the place to make any lengthened remarS on the advantages of such an education-it was on 1 necessary to refer to the calendar, to show how cloS was the connection between ignorance and crime, 0" of the 16 persons charged with-offenices in the cad lendar, very few were able to read or write. He woul not detain them long with respect to the cases in the calendar in most of them, as it frequently happened, there was no doubt whatever thrt the crime ha a been committed; the principal question was, whether the persons charged were really the guilty parties. 111 lordship then called the attention of the grand jury to two or three particular cases in the calendar, and wade some observations on each for the direction of the jury in the consideration of them, and concluded by intimati"? his readiness to afford any further direction or assistallce that might be required. His lordship then addressed the Grand Jury for the town and county of Haverfordwest in a short speech' They would have gathered from his observations to the grand jury for the county, the view he took in genera of the cases in the calendar. The question for their consideration was not, as he had before remarks"' merely whether the offence had been committed, bU whether the case was sufficiently brought home to the persons against whom the bill would be preferre Their duty with respect to finding a bill differed that of a common jury. The common jury were to gIve the prisoner the benefit of any reasonable doubt tt ey might entertain but in the case of the grand jury, Ie they found as much evidence as would warrant t I putting the prisoner on his trial, they would find a bill even though they might have some doubt of the evienc to procure conviction they were to return a true bill 1 there was only a prima facie case. TRIAL OP PRISONERS. J. Green, cabinet-maker, was indicted for having on or about the 9th day of Aug., feloniously stolen a rosevvOO 4 plank, the property of John Andrew, butcher, Ten by; Mr. V. Williams conducted the case for the prosecutiol" The prisoner was defended by Mr. Lloyd Hall. e His Lordship said he thought there was no pretellee for a charge of larceny, as the prisoner claimed the prac pcrty as his right. The jury were directed to find the prisoner—Not Guilty, which they did accordingly. Thomas Eddy and Richard Stephens, were indicted for having on the 6th of February last, stolen a cask of whl key, the property of William Tudor, Esq. r- The jury, after a short consultation returned a ver, diet of guilty against Thomas Eddy, and acqUltte Stephens. jJJJ' Sentence against Eddy—Twelve calendar months' prisonment with hard labour. Edward Rosswell, labourer, and Thomas Jackson, labourer, severally pleaded guilty to a charge of breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Charles Walter Griffiths, in the parish of Newport, on the 15th day of December last, and stealing therefrom two bilver watches, the property of the said C. W. Griffiths. Sentence deferred. Thomas Eddy and Richard Stephens were furtbfi indicted for having, on the 6th of February laS, stolen a canister of snuff, the property of W. \Valkington, Tenby. Mr. V. Williams stated the circumstances of the case' which had been already investigated in the former case against the same prisoners, and he should not now or? any evidence.. d His lordship thought the learned counsel had e%crcisca a sound discretion, and directed the jury to return a ?' diet of not guilty. Attorney for the prosecution—Mr. W. Lock, of TenbY, counsel-Mr. V. Williams. James Llewellin, cabinet-maker, was indicted for having on the 9th day of January, 1846, at the parish of St. Mary, Pembroke, stolen ten silver table-spoons, the property of Ann Eynon. The jury returned a verdict of Not Guilty. Attorney for the prosecution, Mr. Gibbon, Pembroke. Attorney for the defence, Mr. John Lloyd. Joseph Painter, draper's shopman, aged 21, VOS indicted for having, on or about the 6th day of January last, at the parish of St. Mary, in the town and county of Haverfordwest, while in the employ of William Willianil, stolen from the said William Williams about E50 In money, and a very large quantity of linen and woollen drapery, haberdashery, silk, satin, and other goods, amounting in value to about E370. The prisoner pleaded Guilty. Mr. Lloyd Hall addressed the court in mitigation of sentence. The prisoner had, up to the time of the pre- sent charge, borne a most excellent character; he was but 21 years of age. His parents were very respectably and well-conducted people. The prisoner's case, unfor- tunately, showed the great danger of giving way to the first temptation to crime. His first offence was abstracting from his master's till the small sum of lOd. From that he went to greater lengths, until he had brought himself to the deplorable position in which he was now placed but, he had made all the reparation in his power-the whole of the property had been given up, and he had to-day, by his plea, submitted himself to the justice of his country Under these circumstances, Mr. Hall asked his lordship to give the case his merciful consideration. Mr. Benjamin Thomas, draper, Milford, and Mr. Dawkins, of Pembroke-dock, gave the prisoner a good character. His lordship said- he would take time to consider the case. Attorney for the prosecution, Mr. Wr. Rees Counsel, Mr. V. Williams. Attorney for the prisoner, Mr. J. Lloyd; Counsel, Mr. Lloyd Hall. Daniel Duckfield, was indicted for having, on the 26th day of September last, at the parish of N arberth. stolen one cake of melted tallow, the property of Joseph Collins. Anne Duckfield was indicted for receiving the said tallow, well knowing the same to have been stolen. The jury found both prisoners guilty. Sentence, on Daniel Duckfield-Four calendar months hard labour, Anne Duckfield, six months hard labour. The court now adjourned till Saturday. William Barnett, labourer, was indicted for having stolen 14 cart-wheel spokes, the property ofJ. Mathias. John Mathias, said: I am a. farmer living In Begelly parish. The prisoner used to work with me. About two years ago I employed a carpenter to cut up some cart-wheel spokes. They were put away in the carthouse. I missed some of them from time to time. On the 12th of Feb. last they were all gone except 1.5. I went with a constable to search Margaret Brace's house. We found some spokes in a hole near the chimney. I knew the spokes as soon as I saw them. The prisoner used to go into the carthouse every day while he worked with me. Cross-examined by Mr. Richards: I have e mp I I)rd prisoner for 20 years occasionally. His character has not been verv ,ond. Jeremiah Mathias, the constable, proved the finding of the spokes at Brace's house, & they were nowproduced. John Brace: The prisoner agreed to sell me a set of spokes in January last, at 5d each the set consisted of 20 spokes. He afterwards brought me eight, and then six, but did not bring the remainder. Those were the same spokes the constable found at my mother's house. Cross-examined: I have known the prisoner for 20 years. I did not know where he was to obtain the spokes from. I never bought any spokes before in my life. Edward Thomas: I am a carpenter. About two years ago I was employed by the prosecutor to cut some spokes for him. The spokes now produced are some of those I cut for him. They correspond with the others now in the prosecutor's possession. Mr. Richards addressed the jury on behalf of the prisoner. The jury returned a verdict of Guilty. Sentence- three calendar months' hard labour. George Sharp, was indicted for having, on the 26th Nov. last, stolen a silver spoon, the property of Anna Jones, keeper of a public house at Pembroke Dock. Mr. Richards who appeared for the prisoner, decline addressing the jury After his lonlship had briefly summed up, the jury re- turned a verdict of Guilty. j A previous conviction for felony was then proved against the prisoner. Sentence—Transportation for seven years. Attorney for the prosecution—Mr. Gibbon; for the prisoner—Mr. John Lloyd.