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MR DISRAELI.

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MR DISRAELI. We learn from the People's Magazine that the Right Honourable Benjamin Disraeli, her Majesty's Chancellor of the Exchequer, and leader of the House of Commons, was born in 1805, at Bradcnham House, Buckingham- shire. His father was that Isaac Disraeli who. as author of the 'Curiosities of Literature,' is familiar to all lovers of quaint learning and graceful humour. The elder Disraeli was sprung from a Jewish family of the purest, or Sephardim race, that, namely, which has never left the shores of the, Mediterranean, and was—if ancient origin, noble blood, and unstained caste can make a man -a very aristocrat of aristocrats. His father, the states- man's grandfather, the son of a Venetian merchant, settled in England in 1748, where be lived for nearly seventy years, and died in 1817, at the ape of ninety. Isaac was b rn in 1766: he married in 1802 a Miss Bessevi, by whom he had four children, and died at Bradenham in 1848. The Chancellor of the Exchequer appears to combine in his own person the characteristics of both his father and grandfather—the literary and imaginative turn of the author of the Curiosities,' with the practical, business-like sagacity of the successful merchant. Mr Disraeli first, became known to the general public as the author of Vivian Grey,' in which it has been the fashion to believe that he meant to draw his own picture. This novel made a considerable sensation, and its author ■was of course a marked man. But he did not stay long in England to enjoy his reputation. Shortly after its publication he weRt abroad, and in the course of some four or five years' travel he visited most of the spots famous either fornatutal beauty or historical associations in Europe and Asia Minor. During his absence from England he wrote 'Confarini Fleming' and the 'Young Duke.' But the political changes which were at that time taking place at home perhaps told him that the opportunity had at length arrived for making the grand experiment of life, and securing a feat in the House of Commons In the summer of 1832 the Reform Bill became law. Parliament was immediately dissolved, and 3Jr Disraeii hurried to England, and issued an address to the electors of Hich Wvcombe. Mr Disraeli was supported, at first by a combination of Radicals acid Tories against the Whig candidate; but the former party, discovering that his Radicalism was something very different from their own, deserted him at the poll, and iie was defeated by a small msjority. In the following year he issued an addresss to the electors of Marylebone, on the same principles; but the expected yacancy not occurring, he was a second time disappointed of his object. In this year were published the Wondrous Tale of Alroy' and the 'Rise of Iskander,'and in 1834 the Revolutions y Epic.' In 1836 he published the best of all his novels, Henrietta Temple,' and I Verietia,l an interesting story, containing sketches, not perhaps entirely successful, of Byron and Shelley. The same year brought out his letters of Runnymede,' a series of nttacks on the administration of Lo'd Melbourne, But he was now about to pass on to another stage, and to take his final farewell of literature as a literaiy man, In the summer of 1837 the king died, and at the ensuing general election Mr Disraeli was returned for Maid- stone. His parliamentary reputation, which had been steadily rising since 1841, became something more than parlia- mentary with the publication of I Coningsby in 1844, and of'Sybil' in 1845. Before the publication of these "works Mr Disraeli bad ceased to be a regular supporter oi Sir Robert Pee), though he remained on the Conserva- tive benches. We have often thought that the relations between these two men were very like what are said to have existed between Pope and Addison the one in pos- session of the throne, cold, jealous, and respectable; the other fighting for recognition, angry, sarcastic, and audacious. It was impossible for the two to have been friends, and it boots not now to inquire which of them was most in fault. But the retirement of Sir Robert Peel from the leadership of the Conservative paity left a great opening to Mr Disraeli, which he was not slow to seize. In the autumn of 1848, Lord George Bentinck, who had led the opposition for two sessions, died suddenly of apoplexy, and Mr Disraeli stepped without question into the unrivalled position of leader of the country gentle- men of England. That is nineteen years ago, and Mr Disraeli is now- Leader of the House of Commons. I In J852, on Lord Derby's first accession to office, Mr Disraeli was placed for the first time in the position which he now fills, and acquitted himself to the com- plete satisfaction of his party but as many of cur readers may remember, he was outvoted on the budget. During the Crimean war, Mr Disraeli and his party sup- ported the Coalition Ministry, and in 1858 he was again summoned to power under Lord Derby as Chan- cellor of the Exchequer and leader of the House of Com- mons. In 1859 it devolved on him to introduce the first Conservative Reform Bill, and he has told us that Lord Derby's .cabinet then came to the conclusion, that be- tween the existing £ 10 franchise and household suf- frage there was no trustworthy halting-place. They ttetermined at that time to abide by the former and this having been rejected, they have, in 1867, been compelled to fall back upon the latter. The second reading of their frst bill was thrown out by a majority of thirty-five. A dissolution followed, and in the new parliament a. vote of want of confidence in the ministry was carried by a majority of thirteen. Mr Distaeli again resigned, and made way for the second ministry of Lord Palmerston, who retained office till his death. 4 The rest is soon told. After the death of Lord Pal- merston, in October, 1865, the House of re- assembled under the leadership of Mr Gladstone, who had a nominal majority of seventy. But the party which followed Mr Gladstone were like the troopers who pur- sued Rob Roy their hearty were not in their work. The majority melted like a snowdrift, and before Midsummer Lord Derby and Mr Disraeli were in office for the third time. Six months exactly have passed away since the meeting of parliament for the session of 1867, and in that brief space a great political change has taken place, which it is beyond our province to comment upon, and "which is too fresh in the recollection of our readers to require description. It is generally agreed that the new Be form Bill marks a great historical epoch in the parlia- mentary history of England; whether for good or evil remains to be seen.' o POISONED BY MUSHROOMS.—On Tuesday evening an inquest was held by the deputy-coroner for Westmin- ster respecting the death of Annie Warton, aged 17. It appeared that the family, of which deceased was a member, went to spend a short time at Chiselhurst. There were the father—who is an Italian warehouseman -the mother, four children, and a servant. On Friday last the deceased gathered some mushrooms in Slade's Wood. They were examined when she returned home, and some being pronounced bad were thrown away, but the others were cooked and partaken of by all the family. Next morning all the seven persons com- plained of being ill; the deceased was so seriously un- well that it was decided to return to town at once. This was done, and medical attendance promptly obtained, but she died on Sunday. The other six are slowly re- covering from the effects of the poison. A verdict of Accidental death by eating poisonous mushrooms was returned. CHINESE NEwsPAPERS-Among the populace the only publications circulated resembling newspapers are slips of paper occasionally issued on the occurrence of event- ful news, or sometimes to report mere trifles. These are sold for the smallest coin of the realm, called cash by Europeans, and are named Sin wan che, signifying newly-beard paper,' which is equivalent to our term 'newspaper.' These issues may be compared to the slips of paper hawked about the streets of the chief towns of Great Rritain during the past generation, recording some great political or warlike event, or the last dying speech and confession' of a culprit on the gallows-a description of newspaper which has been supplanted by the modern penny press. Although that is comparatively a small sum for the price of a newspaper in England, -which in some towns is reduced to one halfpenny, yet the Chinese publication is issued for the smallest coin of the realm, equivalent to one twentieth of a penny. Of course there is no comparison between the quantity, as well as quality, of the subject-matter contained in them. Still it has been observed that for an issue of Sin-wan che to succeed in China, it must be sold very cheap, so that the poorer classes can afford to buy it. A curious coincidence in the history of newspapers arises here, for it is stated that the word gazette,' given to our official newspapers,, is derived from gazetta, the name of a small Venetian coin, which was the price of the first newspaper published in Y enice,fço,Vtç' 8 Ha- gmm,

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