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Jxrrign EnttlligfHff. _/"""'../'""'0""


-'iSenetTil Mi&t?Hauin


iSenetTil Mi&t?Hauin FACT FOR SMOKERS.—German physiologists affirm that of twenty deaths of men between 18 and 25, teu originate in the waste of the constitution by smoking. The value of Provisions imported into Liverpool, from Ireland alone, netted last year £ 7,003,000. A Boston paper states that three islets, near Pasco, be- longing to Peru, contain 40,990,000 tons of guano. ]SHW RAILWAY ENGINE.—Mr. Brunei, we understand, has devised a new engine, to run 50 miles an hour, and to work on eight driving wheels. From an estimate furnished to the House of Commons, it appears that there are in the valley of Erewash, Derby- shire, and its vicinity, 253,000,000 tons of coal in the space of sixty square miles, A Portuguese gold coin, about four hundred years old and the weight of a sovereign, was found on the farm of Branxton Buildings, in this county, a few days ago, by a young woman while working in the fields. — Newcastle Ji/'inril. SUN DKN LAND ELECTION.—It is reported that Mr. Hud- son's (Conservative) return for Sunderland is tolerably certain. GLOUCESTER AND P.CAN FOREsT RAILWAY. — We are happy to be able to state that the Great Western Company and the Gloucester and Dean Forest Company have per- fected their arrangements and that our Gloucester Company, in conjunction with the Great Western, will take immediate steps to complete, by means of the Dean Forest line, the chain of communication from Gloucester to Hereford and Monmouth, and from that place into South Wales. — Gloucester Chronicle. OLD HUNDREDTH*—^ie miJsie IN harmony of four parts of this venerable church tune was composed by Claude Gotidimel, about the year 15 -4. The composer, who was chapel-muster at Lyons, France, died in 157: a victim to religious opinion. The harmony of this hymn has since been altered, as may be seen by comparing- the same, as arranged III the present collections of church music, with the origin: It is a popular mtisico-histori- cal error, that Luther was the composer of ihis choral.— Musical World. THE Ro-AL CONTINENTAL ^KXCU:;RION.—T>y private letters from Cologne received Moauay, we learn that her Majesty and his Royal Highness Prince Albert are ex- pected to arrive at Stol/.tnifels on the 15th of the present month, and not on the bih, as at first anticipated. ller Majesty remains five days at the royal residence, and then proceeds by Wurzburg and Bamburg i0 Cobtirir, where, as we have before stated, the Palace Rosenau has been prepared for her d "Caption. It inav not be UlJ- interesting to state that in that f-yal abode Piitiee Albert was born. RELEASE FROM A L°-0 CONFINEMENT. -O"1 Tuesday last, an aged man. named Cnarlesworth, was released from York Castle, after an i-npttsonrnent of 2Ul years. In 18 IG he was committed for contempt of the award of a referee who had been appointed to. decide a dispute be- tween him and another party respecting the height of a dam attached to a mill betonging to him, in the neigh- bourhood of Ilolmfirth. He has been discharged hy a judge under the provisions of an act of parliament passed in the reign of William • SINGULAR AND FATAL ACCIDENT. —ON Saturday last a boy named Hartley, the son of a widow, and employed as a yard-boy by Mr. Clarke, gardener, at Northwich, met with his death in a. very singular manner. He was in the stable, teasing a horse with the butt-end of a pike, or hay-fork, having the other end towards his own body, when the animal struck out suddenly, and hit the handle of the pike with such force as to drive the prongs com- pletely into the boy's breast, killing him instantaneously. An inquest was held on Monday, nnd a verdict of "Accidental Death" returned.— Liverpool Mercury. BHISTOL SUGAH MARKET, July 30.—There continues to be a good demand for all kinds of Sugar, and v,"e must quote this week Is. per rwt. advance on every description. The supply is very short, and fut ther arri- vals are anxiously looked for. Refined goods have at length given way 4s. to as. per cwt. from the highest point, owing to the increased make.—There is but little enquiry for Rum, notwithstanding which prices are rising. Ross.—SHOCKING ACCIDENT.—A most distressing occurrence took place at Walford on Tuesday week, which we hope will prove a caution to persons using fire-arms. John Dew, living at the Lays, heard, as he thought, a jay in his cherry tree, at which lie fired, and unfortunately shc.t his own son, a youth about 18, in the face. The injuiies received are very painful, and there is much reason to fear the loss of the sight of one eye will be the consequence. The grief 0f the parent on discovering the catastrophe may be better conceived than described. SIn WALTER SCOTT ON UEAUTy.-ln one of the de- lightful descriptions of Female Loveliness which adorn the pages of this interesting writer, he alludes to a fragrant and balmy mouth and pearly set of teeth, as ranking among the first attributes of Feminize Beauty. The care and conservation therefore of ornaments, so precious and important cannot fail to become objects of high interest, and our own experience induces us unhesi- tatingly to recommend Rowland's Odonto, or Pearl e' Dentifrice," as an indispensable appendage to the Toilet of Beauty, and as calcuiatcj to heighten and preserve the advantages of Balmy Brc-ath," and "Pearly Teeth," in all their beauty and perfection,-See Advt. DREADFUL AVFAIR. i->oin a private letter, dated Trieste, July 9, we learn that a dreadful occurrence took place recently on board a steamer in the Mediterranean. It appears that 0.1 board the steamer pljing between Smyrna and Constantinople there happened to be two Turks as passengers, wd10 at the accustomed hour of prayer, spread out their carpets and commenced their de- votions. One of the crew passing by, wittingly or acci- dentally came in contact with the Mussulmc-n, which so incensed them that they immediately shot him dead. The passengers flocked around and attemnted to secure the two Turks; but they made a most desperate resistance, killing and wounding several persons when one of the stokers, having armed himself with the first weapon he could lay his hands upon, attacked and killed both the infidels. BAIT FOR A CROCODILE.—It is not long since, said the katsheff, that a man from Berber settled here, and was well known to all of us. Cue morning he led his horse to the Nile to water, and fastened the rope by w1¡ieh he held itroundhisatm, and whilc the animal wasquenclt- ing his thirst he knelt down to prayer. At the moment when he was lying with his face upon the ground a cro- codile attacked the unhappy man, swept him into the water with his tail, and swallowed him. The. ter.i'iad horse exerted all its strength to run away, and as the rope which was attached to the arm of his dead master, in the stomach of the crocodile, did not snap, and he could not disengage himself from it, the affrighted animal not only pulled the crocodile itself out of the river, but dragged it over the sat.d to the door of his own stable, where it was soon killed by the family, who hurried to thespot. and afierwards found the dead body of ihe victim entire in the belly of the monster. — Kr/t/pt un'hr Me/teuut AH A RIII.WAY THROUGH THE WII.DERNKSS.—A few years ago it was a fatiguing tour of many weeks to reach the Fails of Niagara from Albativ. V»'e are now carried along at the rate of 1(5 miles an houron a railway often supported on piles, through large swamps covered with aquatic trees and shrubs, or through dense forests, with occasional clearings, where orchards are planted hy antIcipation among the stumps before they have even had time to run up a log-house. Tilc traveller views with surprise, in the midst of so much unoccupied land, one nourishing town after another, such as Utica, Syracuse, and Auburn. At Itodlester he admires the streets of large houses, in- habited by 20,0d0 souls, where the first selller built his log-cabin in the wilderness ontytwetity-nve years ago. At one point our (rain stopped at a handsome newly built station-house, and, looking out at onc window, we 8aW a group of Indians of the Oneida tribe, lately the owners of thebroadlands around, but now humbly offering for sale a few trinkets, such as baskets ornamented with por- cupine quills, II10CCaSSillS of moose-deer skin, awl boxes of birch bark. At the other window stood a well-dressed waiter, handing ices and confectionery. When we reflect that some single towns, of whidl the founùations were hill hy persons still living, can already nnmberapopula- tion equal to all the aboriginal hunter tribes who posM-s- sed the forests for hundreds of miles around, we soon cease to repine at the extraordinary revolution, however much we may commiserate the unhappy fate of the dis- inherited race, Dyell's Travels in iwrth America. IN ARROW ESCAPE OF A FAMILY FROM ISEING POISONED. — The farm of Mounlharrick, in the parish of Crawford- John, being, iu common with other farms of that district, infested with rats, the worthy farmer and his wife resolved some time ago to destroy them with poison. A strong dos3 of arsenic was aeeordingly procured, and mixed Witil aquantity of butter, but without, it appears, sufficient warning having been g-iren to the various persons em- ployed about the house. The consequence was that last week one of the servants, while preparing food for the family, used the poisoned butter by mistake. The two children, as well as Mr. French, their father, had par- taken of the food, without suspecting anything wrong, till one of the former—little dreaming of the consequences, playfully remarKed, that" Hdcn (thl) servant) had taken the butter off the rats' pl'tie." On inquiry, Mrs. French found this to be too true; and the whole family were thrown into a state of the greatest alarm. A messenger was immediately despatched on horseback to Douglas- distant about six ll1iles--f:Jr Dr. Meiklo, who arrivell at Mounlharrick in the almost incredible short space of an hour and a half from the time the messenger left. The father, as well as the children were, by this time, suffer- ing severely from the effects of the poison but by the active treatment of Dr. Meikle, they were soon con- valescent, and in the course of a few days quite recovered. We can add nothingto the force of this case, as a warning to all persons employing poisonous substances, for pur- poses which, however innocent in themselves, arc attended with frightful risks.—Glasgow Citizen. H,ALLY, \VIIAT NEXT 1--011 Wednesday, Mr. M. White, of Horbury, joiner, purchased a milch cow in ourcattiefair. On the followiug morning, he went to view her, and found the animal minus her tail. He was, as may be imagined, greatly astonished and indignant at the discovery, believing that it had been severed during the ni^ht by some inhuman wretch but, upon a closer examination, he ascertained that the tail had been spliced on in so ingenious a manner as to escape detection. The tail coming off was to be attributed to the giving way of the materials with which it had been put on namely, divers yards of waxbatid, &c, We understand that, as soon as Mr. White can ascertain the name and residence of the late owner, it is his intention to apply to that genius to have the valuable appendage r'eplaced.— Wakefield Journal. U DKTARTURE OF THE GnEAT BRITAIN STEAM-SUIT FOR NEW YORK.—Liverpool, Saturday—This mammoth steam-ship, which has attracted so much attcntion not only at this port, but at London, Dublin, and Bristol, has at length taken her departure for the western world. At twenty minutes past three o'clock she leffher moor- ings in the Mersey amid the enthusiastic cheers of thou- sands of spectators who had assembled on the shores both of Cheshire and Lancashire, independently of the hundreds who had embarked in various ferry-boats for the purpose of obtaining a more close and accurate view of her movements. Ou board was a largeparty of the merchants of the town, who accompanied the ship as far as the north-west light-ship, a distance of about IG miles from the port, and for whom was prepared a very hand- some entertainment. The ship went majestically down the river at half speed, which was gradually increased as she approached the open sea, but up to the time of my leaving her at the nortit-westtight-shi;) she had not attained her full speed however, she accomplished the distaHce in little more than two hours. She carried out 4o passengers, and had on freight about 3(h) tons of light goo's, upon wInch £ .5 per ton was paid, The general opinion on board seemed to be that she would make the voyage to New York in about lG days. FASHIONS TOR AUGUST.—Shot silks have become so co:nn1011, that plain colours are now considered moie eletrint; stripes are still fashionabie. Hedingotcs and peignoirs aredecidedty the favourite style, the materia and form alone distinguishing the neglige from the toilette. For young ladies, instead of redingot 'robes of coutil, or plail] foulard, embroidered ill wide oraid gimp is more worn than ever, and equally applied to dresses of coutil as taffetas d'ltalie it harmonizes well with the buttons so much used narrow ceinlures witll small buckles and long ends are reappearing; for the* sea-side and country wear, foulards ccrus are much in request, with deep flounces, festonnes in the same colour, tin bodies very high, but open in front, and short sleeves, with under ones of muslin, and chemisette embroidered orplisse. As jackets continue to be used with some dresses, they have been introduced to put on and offat plea- sure, thus entirely changing the st.vle of a dress, and form- ing two different toilettes. Leghorn bonnets continue as ever the favourites of the Parisian ladies j they are oma- mented with three tips of featheis, termed panaches, or a single ostrich featheriaid fl it across. The Pamela bonnett" are not. very generally adopted, but the small bonnets are expected, ere long, to yield to them; the foim is spread, and rounded at the ears; they are made in paille de riz, crape lined with pink gauze or tulle bouil'onne. China crape shawls have been very fashionable in Paris, em- broidered a:l over, not only white ones, butpoonccan, deep bin1, and green Scarfs of grenadine are much worn, with transversal stripes, and trimmed round with fringe. Mantelets echarpes are often preferred to. the real mantelet, being smaller both in the pelerine and ends. Mantelats echarpes are pretiy of white poult de soie, trimmed round with a new kind of l.tce friuge, the long ends forming three folds, which are fixed, and straight down from the waist. Many scarfs for the sea side haye been made with hoods; they were simply of Caehmere, blue or red, with borders of velvet to match all round, fastening at the throat with cordciiere. Caps are all small in form, and very few have brides, though some have long lappets, but the majority arc rounded, The Pamela cap is with embroidered crown, tied witha single noeud, and long ends, on each sid", three rows of clear Mechlin lace, or a single wide one, which serpentines over the forehead, and turning round the head, is tied at intervals with choux gauze of two colours. —Front the London and Paris Ladies* Magazine of Fashion. REVIEW OF THE BRITISH CORN TRADE DURING THE PAST WEEK.—The weather during the last week has not been at ail favourable for maturing the growing crops of wheat and other grain, principally from the want of sun- shine, and the consequent low temperature of the atmos- phere. That the harvest will be late is certain, and that fact alone is sufficient to cause considerable uneasiness on the subject: but in addition, we hear frequent complaints of blight in the wheat plant, arising from the cold and rain experienced when it was in bloom. "e are, how- ever, still disposed to think that a few weeks of tine weather would go very far to remedy all the mischief done. The uncertainty which hangs over our prospects has induced holders of wheat to manifest a disposition to hold back supplies, and the quantity brought forward at most of the markets held since our last, has been small. Buyers have, on the other hand, deemed it necessary to act with caution j and, though prices Inyre on the whole tended upwards, the advance has not been of much im- portance. At Liverpool, oil Friday, considerable tran- sactions in Iiish wheat, both on the. spot and to arrive, occurred tit an amendment of full 2d. per 70tbs. upon the rates of Tuesday. Although no great amount of business was done in English and foreign free wheats, each, how- ever, realised a proportionate amendment. Several car- goes of Baltic red, in bond, changed hands on improved terms. English and Irish flour had a good demand, and obtained Is. per 280lbs. over late prices. From 6000 to 7000 barrels of Canadian were sold at from 27s. Gd. to 28s. also, 1000 barrels of sour at 17s., and 2000 of sweet States, in bond, at 20s, perbarrel. Barley, malt, and peas, continue stationary in value, but attracted little notice. lieans, owin" to the reduction in duty, were the turn cheaper. Oats were rather better in price, whilst oatmeal seems neglected and unimproved, but not offered below former quotations. In London, during the week, the arrivals of British corn were only small, but we re- ceived a few cargoes of foreign wdieat and oats. The weather has been for the most part cioudy, with occa- sional showers of rain, which, with some unfavourable reports from the country, have occasioned an increasing demand both for free and bonded wheat, and we must note an advance of Is. per quarter on English, and fully 2s. per quarter on foreign, either in bond or for shipment or arrival. The averages arc now moving up in earnest, the general return for the kingdom pub- lished on Thursday being 50s. per quarter. English barley has come sparingly tj hand having, however, as yet experienced very little demand, either on speculation or for consumption, sellers have been unable to realise enhanced terms. The very abundant arrival of oals from Ireland and abroad, about the close of the week before last, has kept our markets well supplied, though the receipts since then have not been very large. The trade has been very slow, and prices scarcely maintained. Warmer's Journal, RELIGION IN THE COLONIES.—From a bulky Parlia- mentary return published Monday, it appears that ac- cording to a schedule of the grants, endowments, and appropriations, made for the purpose of religious instruc- tion or of education in the colonies (the gross total popu- lation of our colonial 'dependencies amounting in the ag- gregate to 4,70.3,739 souls), there was paid in 1S12 a total sum of to the clergy of the churches of England, Scotland, Rome, and the Methodist and Dissenting ministers, of which £ 4o,9(5l was paid by the British Treasury, and £ 173,933 from colonial funds. The grants from the Siritish Treasury to s tliools dining the same period amounted to £ 2o, 117, and that for colonial funds to £ 146,*23!), making a grand total of £ 172,407. Of the sum ot £ 4y,9(!i granted by the Treasury to tne clergy, those of the Anglic.m establishment received £ 44,503 those of the Scotch, £ 347 and those of the Romish, £ 2,024. Of the sum of £ 17G.938 granted from colonial lunds, £ 118,4 13 was receive;! by the Anglican clergy, £ 20,<>I5 by the Scotch, £ 4,034 by the Wesievans and Dissenters, and £ 24,2 IG by the Romish priests. :i\IuI:DE't 0.' TUg CGEW OF THE ,VAsl'Thc trial of the Spanish Portuguese prisoners, charged with piracy, and with (he murder of 10 English men belonging to lierM aje sty's Ship Wasp, commenced on Thursday week at Exeter, be- Cs )C- fore Mr. Baron Piatt. The examination of witnesses oc- cupied the wdiole of Thursday and the greater part of Friday, but as the substance of their evidence has already appeared in our columns, it is not necessary to repeat thedetaits. Mr. Serjeant Manning, for the prisoners took an objection to the jurisdietion of the Court, which was overruled by the learned judge. On Saturday coun- sel was beard at great length for the after a careful and elaborate summing up from Baron Piatt, thejtny retired from court to consider their verdict, They were abse:it about half an hour, and then returned, when they pronounced a verdict of Guilty against, seven of the the other three, who were Sebastian de Santos, Manoel Antonio, and Jose Antonio. Mr. Baron Piatt, in an impressive manner, sentenced these seven miserable men to be hung, holding out no hops of to Majaval, through the interpreter, then requested that he might be permitted to inform the Queen of Spain of his situation, aud complained that justice had not been done, to him. The icarned Judge said he might ask for any indulgence of the government, about which he would not at all interfere. The prisoners were then handcuffed, alul ¡TIll()"I from the Court. It was stated that Serva was a man of consirlerable property, and that Majaval had belonged to a good family in Spain, from which couutry he had been obliged to fly. THE LATE EARL OF STAMFORD AND WARRINGTON.— Probate of the will and six codicils of the Eight IIon. George Harry Earl of Stamford nnd "Warrington, late of Enville Hall, Stafford, Dunham Masscy, Altringham, Rnd IIiH-strcet, Berkeley-square, was granted on the 5;\1 ult. to his brother, the Hon. William Booth Grey, John Cotes, Esq., and the Rev. Chailes Grey Cotes, clerk, the nephews, and the Rev. George Heron, clerk, the execu- tors. His wife, the Countes3, enjoys ati annuity of £ 2503 -i,t 1* -ii'llil:xll ), under marriage settlement appoints Col. "W iidinan sole guardian of his grandson, George Harry Lord Grey, and directs that he shall b entered as a member and graduate of the University of Cambridge, and not of Oxford, aud leaves his said grandson the residue of his estates, real and personal. The persona! estate within the province of Canterbury swotn under £ 140,000. Leaves the jewels, plate, pictures, books, &c., at Dunham Massey and Enville Hall, as heirlooms; bequeaths to his son, the Hon Henry Booth Grey, a legacy of £ 30,000, and to his brother the Hon. William Booth Grey, all annuity of £ 1000; to each of his daughters, Lady Henrietta Gnar- 1 lotte Law and Lady Jane Walsh, a legacy of £ 20,000, and an annuity to each of £ 500. Leaves to each of his ex- ecutors £100:), and legacies and annuities to his servants and bequeaths to the Chester, Stafford, Manchester, and Leicester Infirmaries, £ 500 to each. The will is dated March 6, IS34, and the last codicil Jan. 13, IHH. The will and codicils together are of great length, each sheet bearing the signature "Slamford and "Warrington." His lordship died on the 2Gth ofAnril tast. at his seat, Emille Hall, aged 80. HINTS TO NEWSPAPER CORRESPONDENTS.—The editor of the New York Tribunediscourseth to its correspondents, in the following language:—"To Correspondents. — I)o oblige us by omitting all such tiourishes as 'your in- teresting and valuable paper,' your able and patriotic course,' &c. Our subscribers know all about that sort of thing, and we have also a tolerable opinion of our own merits. If you thillk by this to improve your chances of insertion, yon mistake ruinously. When you have writ- ten what yon have to say, run it over and see if there are not some sentences that could be spared without serious injury. If there are, out with them! We are often com- pelled to decline good articles, because we cannot make room for them. A half column has ten chances where two columns have one, and three columns none. Try to discourage as little as possible, aud, where you must con- demn, let your facts be stronger than your words. When you assail any cause or person, always give us your real name, which we shall give up to whoever has a right to demand it. lie is a sneak and a coward who could ask us to bear the responsibility of his attacks on others. If vou send us word that you 'have no time to correct, and have written in irreat haste,' we shall put your manuscript into the fire. Why should you throw upon us the task of correcting your scrawl, when we are obliged to slight our own work for want of time] Give us facts, incidents, occurrences, at the earliest moment, and we shall be grateful though you wrote with a pudding-stick; hut if you attempt logic or sentiment, do it upright, instead of leaning upon us."—[We say, Ditto to Mr. Burke."] LANDLORD AND TENANT. NORWICH, July 24th.- Before Mr. Baron ALDEHSON and a Special Jury.— MARRYAT v. BARBER.—This was a "landlord and tenant" action, the plaintiff complaining that the defendant had omitted to perform cettain covenants, binding him to drain two acres and to clean out ail the ditches yearly, on a farm demised to him by the plaintiff. In answer to this the defendant pleaded i,Uer aha, that the land in question did not require draining, and also that by a certain agreement between th rn, the plaintiff had ac- cepted the execution of certain works by the defendant elsewhere in lie-u and in satisfaction of the breaches so complained of. From the evidence of the only witaess called on the part of the plaintiff, who is the celebrated novelist, it appeared that the farm in question consisted of about 400 acres, and was situate atLangham, in Nor- folk. In 1837 it was let to the defendant at 25s. per acre, and various string-nit. covenants were introduced into the lease, and among them those on which the present action was founded, it asserted by the plaintiff that the defendant had neither drained a single acte nor cleansed a ditch on the farm. Th;,s miscondiJ' t on the part of the defendant having being shown to have worked great in- jury to the propertv, it was contended by the delendant. that the action was wholly uncalled for, and proceeded entirely from the desire of'the plaintiff to possess iiimself of the farm in question and as to the argument advan- ced by the plea, evidence was given in support thereof. The witness, however, who was called for that pu.pose, did not substantiate the defence, and his lordship, in summing up the case, withdrew that part of it altogether from their notice. The parties had agreed by their co- venant that £ l,i per acre should be the penalty for the first breach and the only cmestion was, how much the jury would ghe for the ditches. At the same time, if they would say what was tha amount of actual damage sustained by reason of the first breach, in the even; of the plaint ill's demand being hereafter limited by the court above to that extent only, they would advance the ends of justice. The jury, after much deliberation and discussion, found for tiie nlaintiff, with £1,J,) damages on the first breach, and 410 oq the second, while they said that the actual damage sustained on the first breach was only £ 2; INCAUTIOUS USE OF FIRE ARM?.-— At Stafford recently before Mr. Justice Patteson, William Henry Parker, a mild-looking boy, only 13 years of age, was charged with the manslaughter or' Sarah Withers. This was one of those unfortunate cases in which the very reprehensible, indeed criminal, practice of leaving loaded fire-arms about a house, was the cause of one life being lost, an i of ano- ther being possibly during its continuance embittered. The uncle of the prisoner had, it appeared, been out pigeon-shooting, and had loaded his gun with shot; but when he returned home he had not fired it, nor did he then take the proper precaution of drawing the charge, but he placed it, loaded as it was, without a case, however, in tiie corner of his parlour. Titi., room was not commonly used by the family, but it was always accessible in fact there was not any lock on the door. The prisoner the following morning, the 2Sih of June, on returning from his work, happened, to go into the parlour, and, taking the gun, went out into the court or yard facing his uncle's house, wheie the deceased, who was a play-fellow of his, was. The prisoner, it appeared, had repeatedly amused himself by firing percussion caps at candies to blow them out, and also was in the habit of causing th°m to explode by placing them on the stones and striking them. Going into the yard with the gun, he cried out, "Sallv, Fit shoot -oil "Do it if you lbre," repliell the girl. He immediately put on a cap, levelled the gun, "fired, and inflicted mortal wounds on the unhappy child. The injuries were numerous, and more than one would have produced alone a fatal result. The prisoner, seeing the dreadful issue of what he doubtless intended as a piece of play only said, I did not. think of doing it," and was much affected. The prisoner's counsel declined making any observations to the jury, and left the case entirely in his lordship's hands. The learned judge while summing up tiie evidence to the jury, said that there colli(i not be a doubt the most goiuy party was the prisoner's uncle, who had so incautiously left a loaded gun in his parlour. The prisoner often fired off caps, and from seeing that there was not any cap on the gun had doubtless con- cluded that it was not loaded. His Lordship observed that he considered it very wrong and foolish to allow hoys to get the habit of blowing out candles by firing percussion caps at them. The jury acquitted the prisoner, who was instantly discharged. TIIF. PADDLE WHEEL AND SCREW.—The Mechanics' Magazine, in an article under the above head, after describing a trial of speed which took -place recently down t.he°rivcr, between the royal yacht tender Fairy, pro- pelled bv the screw and the Meteor paddle-wheel steam- er, when the latter had c^psiderably the advantage, observes —" We are not aware that any material exception can he taken to the fairness of this trial, on account of any difference in point of tonnage or steam power be- tween the two vessels. The Meteor was 170 feet in length, and 18 in breadth The Fairy, 145 feet and 21.2 feet. The former draws 4 feet 5 inches, the latter 4 feet inches The cylinders of the Meteor are 37 inches in diameter—stroke, tthe cylinders of the Fairy, 42 inches—stroke the same. Tiie Meteor, therefore, though it is'the larger and (perhaps) better proportioned vessel of the two and presents a less midship area of resistance than her rival, is decidedly her inferior in point of steain power." The writer then contrasts the peiformances of the Fairy with those of another well-known screw- vessei—the Wateriily. The Fai.y made the distance between Greenhithe and Portsmouth in 18 bonis, in- cluding four minutes' stoppage at Dover. Tiie Water- lity," le.t Blackwall at 37 minutes past one o'clock on 'he afternoon of Thursday, the 3rd iiist., and performed tne passage to Portsmouth-harbour in 17 hours II min- utes, having had to encounter a strong head-wind all the way from the JS'ortii Foreland, her average speed during tois trip^being sometning over fourteen miles all 1 lie W aterlily," it is added, "i" a smaller vessel, and of less engine-power, than either tiie Fairy or Meteor. Her length is 132 feet breadth, lt'i feet 0 inches; cylin- we.s, 2:)3 inches s'roke, 14 inches. Seeing that siie went the distance from Blackwall to Portsmouth in 17 hours 11 minutes, this is a greater performance than that of the i* airy, which took 17 hours 5'J miniUes to perform the distance from Greenhithe (only) to the same port of den- tinal ion." Itti; "SONG or THE SIIIRT" ILLUSTRATED.—Mr. hakiey, M.P. held an inquest 011 Monday, at London, on the body of Louisa Potter, aged four months. FaIlny Porter, a respectable looking woman, hut. whose appearance indicated that she "earned her bread by the sweat ofherbrow," stated she was themotherof deceased whom she brought up "by the hand," as she could not give it the breast, inconsequence of being compelled to eain a lhclihood for her other four chittroi, her husband ha\ing deserted her. On last Friday deceased suddenly became ill, and soon afterwards expired. The Coroner, after commenting i»p m the hard fate of the over-worked and ili-paid females engaged inshirt-making, said that if the woman Portercould have suckled her infant the probability was that the latter would have lived, whereas the mother had to work, and it was her infant's lot, to die a premature death. The jury agreed with the Coroner, and returned a yerdict of "Natural death." 1 iie body of the infant, which was brought into the inquest-room, was a complete skeleton, presenting the appearance of bones in a skin. _x-