In this department as a full and free expression of opinion Is accorded to correspondents, the Editor wishes it to be dis- tinctly understood, that he holds himself responsible for none. All letters should be accompanied by the name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee -of good faith. I
DIOCESAN INSPECTION. I To the Editor of the North Wales Chronicle. Sir, Magister" appears on the field only when he finLh that" A Late Inspector" has retired. This ac- counts for his having the idea of bolstering up so ready at hand. He feels he is doing a little in that line him- self, and, like a guilty schoolboy, seeks to divert atten- tion from himself by accusing another. The question of having the programme earlier is not one affecting the pockets or the rights of Magister" and A Late Inspec- tor." Why, then, are they so sore about it ? There must be some cause for their wriggling. What is it! I won- der whether it is because, by attending the meetings of the Board of Education, they get to know early what the subjects of the ensuing examination are to be—com- municate them to the teachers in their schools—and thus gain on advantage over others, which they are loath to part with. There is one point in "Magistds" letter worthy of special notice, as it lets out the cause of the programme being so long delayed, and leads us to suppose that summer and autumn have exchanged places He says —" From enquiries I made, I learn that it is not un- usual to request the Inspector to defer his examination to such a time and day that the school can muster the strongest. And if the Inspector is kept until the middle of autumn before lie can examiue the schools in his dis- trict, how can he tender in his report much earlier than September ?" The Tabulated Report shows that the latest inspection last year took place on the 29th oj July. His idea as to what time of the year is autumn shows that while I and my friend, "Somebody-or-other," are im- proving our dictiou, he may be advantageously increasing his stock of general information. It seems that the rea- son of the delay is the lateness of the sendin f in of the reports by the Inspectors. The subjoined table exhibits the number of schools examined by each Inspector, and the time of the exami- uatiou; and is interesting, as it shows that the reports might be sent in early in August, and that many schools have the advantage of having six weeks or two months more time to prepare for the examination than others. Name of Inspect- Inspect- Inspect- Inspector. ed. in cd in ed in To- May. June. July. tal. Cauon Jas. Williams 5 5 Rev. D. Thomas 11 1 12 lhrris Jones 10 10 J. C. Vincent 6 12 18 W. Hughes 4 4 Thomas Jones 10 4 2 16 W. Juhnson 6 6 R. Parry Jones 1 7 8 U. 1). Owen 2 4 6 William Mason 9 9 Lewis Jones 3 3 6 Thomas Davie* 1 9 10 J. \V. Kirkham 5 5 32 35 48 115 Now, take the case of the Rev. J. C. Vincent. lie inspected eighteen schools the last oil July 14th. He made his notes on each school at the time of the exami- nation, so that all he had to do after July 14th was to make a copy of them, and send it to the Secretary of the Board. This might be done comfortably in the course of one evening. His report, therefore, might have been easily sent in by August 1st. allowiug him ample time to get breath after the arduous task of in- specting eighteen schools in two months If he could do it by that time, the others could, as they had not so I many schools to inspect. Twenty-one out of the twenty- two schools in the deanery of Arlleeliwedd were exa- mined in May; considering the time the programme was issued, had not the 48 schools examined in July an unfair advantage over them ? It may be some satisfaction to A Late Inspector" aud Magister" to bo told plainly that I did get a good report, aud that I fully expect getting a good one this year; and yet I could do my work better if I had re- ceived the programme last October. I have seen many persons just arriving in time for a train after a bursting run, but I never heard one of them prefer such a run to a steady walk. We shall have a run to catcb the Diocesan Inspection train this year, and many of us may be successful; but are we to blame in asking time enough to walk the dis- tance ? Is it a proof, because we object to such hard running, that we can neither walk nor run ? I am, Sir, yours trulv, A STUBBORN FACT. March 15tb, 1865. (The above letter must close the correspondence on this subject for the present, as no new facts are likely to be elicited, and consequently no practical good can possibly result from its continuance -ED. N. W. C.]
I BRIEF HISTORICAL NOTICES IN REFERENCE TO ANGLESEY. TENTH NOTICE. A.D. 1170.- -Prince Owen Gwynedd was no sooner laid in the grave than a great commotion took place as to who should succeed him. His eldest son, lorwerth Drwyndwn, was incapacitated from ascending the throne by a personal blemish his younger bi others every one began to aspire to the dignity, and while disagreeing among themselves, Howel, who was of all the eldest, but base born, stepped in himself and took upon him the government. David ap Owen could not brook the idea that a bastard, whose mother was an Irishwoman, should ascend his father's throne. He therefore marched against him. Howel was resolved to maintain his ground, but was slain, and David was proclaimed Prince of North Wales. A.D. 1173.—Maelgwyn, David's brother, had posses- sion of Anglesey; but David, Prince of North Wa'.as, bringing an army over the Menai into Anglesey, routed him, and he was forced to make his escape to Ireland. A.D. 1174.—Maelgwyn returned from Ireland, and landing in Anglesey, was discovered, and by his brother's orders committed to close prison. David having brought the Isle of Anglesey to its pristine state of subjection, and to prevent future annoyance, he banished all his brethren and cousins out of his territories. A. D. 1175.—Roderic, who had been bound with fetters and cast into prison by his brother David, be- cause he had demanded the share of his father's lands, made his escape, and tleeing to Anglesey, was acknow- ledged by all the people for their prince. This they did, for they conceived an utter abhorence of Prince David, who contrary to all rules of equity, had disin- herited all his brethren. A.D. 1188.—Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, ac- companied by Giraldus Cambrensis, Archdeacon of Bre- con, visited the Isle of Anglesey for the purpose of ob- taining contributions to carry on the crusade against the infidels. The Archbishop took his stand in an open place in the parish of Llandisilio, called Cerrig y- Borth. Alexander, Archdeacon of Bangor, interpreted to the people. Roderic, Prince of North Wales, was present. The inhabitants, in grateful remembrance, and to perpetuate the hotiotir of that memorable day, called the stone where the Archdeacon stood, Carreg-yr-Arch- ddiacon (the Archdeacon's stone), and where Prince Roderic stood Maen Roderic (Roderic's stone). and where his grace stood, which should have been called Cadair-yr-Archesgob (Chair of the Archbishop), but his business being to beg their alms, they upon that ac- count called the place Kil-beg-le (the place of beg- giilg.) A.D. 1193.- Roderie, availing himself of the aid of the King of Man, made an effort to get the Principality of North Wales, and to entirely eject his brother David. He entered Anglesey and reduced the whole island to his subjection but before the year terminated the sons of his brother Conan came with an army against him, and forced him together with the King of Man to leave the island, they taking possession of it themselves. A.D. 1195-A new revolution happened in Ncrth Wales. Prince Davfd had held the sceptre of North Wales for twenty-four years; but it must now change hands. Llewelyn, the son of Iorwerth Drwyndwu, who was the eldest son of Owen Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales, marched against David with a powerful army, overcame him, and was declared the true heir to the Principality.
BAD AIR AND GUX COTTON. At the request of the Royal Commission which has recently reported on the condition of the Cornish and other metalliferous mines, Dr. Angus Smith examined the quality of the air which the miners have to breathe, to the impurity of which is chiefly attributable the early break down in their strength. A healthy atmos- phere may be taken to be one with 20 9 per cent of oxygen, and 0-1)4 per cent. of carbonic acid gas. Late in the evening in the pit of London minor theatres as much as 0-252 and 0-320 percent, of carbonic acid has been found; but the average of above 300 samples of air taken from these milles had 0 785. Two thirds of the samples presented an atmosphere exceedingly bad, and the worst parts of the mines had only about 18-69 per cent. of oxygen, and as much as 1-8 or more of car- bonic acid, in one instance 2-26 per cent. In order to test the effects of such bad air Dr. Angus Smith caused to be constructed a small close chamber of lead, with windows sufficiently large that they might in any emergency be broken through for a way of escape. The explosion of gunpowder produce sulphide of potassium, the effect of which is probably like that of sulphide of hydrogeu, but from its acting more slowly there is dis- tributed over a long period that death which might ensne instantly, and so, in chymical phrase, the effect is dissolved in health, and becomes disease. Gun cotton seems to promise to perform the work of blasting with less injurious influence upon the air. Mr. Hadow, F.C.S., in his chemical Report slates I have care- fully examined the sample of Gun-cotton rope, and am able to report favourably upon it. Gun-cotton proves on analysis to be the highest and most powerful explosive of the series of substitution compounds formed by ihe ndon of nitric acid on cotton. The fact of its containing the maximum amount of peroxide of nitrogen was proved by submitting a portion, carefully dried in vacuo, to the reducing action of an alcoholic solution of the double sulphide of potassium and hydrogen, when it ga.'e an amount of cotton almost exactly corresponding to that which calculation requires (100 parts gave 54'80, cal- culation requires 64.51 of cotton); and secondly, by treating another portion, likewiie weighed after drying in vacuo, with a mixture of the strongest nitric and Bulphuric acids for three hours, when the presence of any of the lower substitution compounds would have been detected by an increase of weight after washing and drying (the next lower substitution compound gaining ,)'3, and the next lower 11'3 per cent, by such treatment.) The sample, however, gained nothing in weight by the immersion; on the contrary, as experience has proved to be the case with Gun-cotton that has reached the highest stage of substitution, a loss was sustained of O',) per cent., which corresponds very closely with what experiment shews to be the loss sus- tained always through solution, by immersion of the strongest Gun-cotton for three hours in the mixed acids, "Your Gun-cotton possesses a high degree of stability, and of all the samples I have examined it is the least likely to change during prolonged storing. "The sample was found perfectly free from all un- combined: acids,—it had in fact a vcry feeblo alkaline reaction (due to silicate of Ðodl), only discoverable by testiug with care. In the preceding statement as to the amount of cotton obtainable from the Oun-cotton, and as to the weight after immersion in acids, the amount of ash and soluble matter was ascertained both before and after treatmeutj aud waa deducted iu the calculations."
ltb1í£ Uotifcs. BEAUMARIS AND MENAI BRIDGE TURNPIKE TRUST. VTOTICE is hereby Given, that the last -L? Meeting of the Trustees of this Road stands ad- journed to be held at the Bull's Head Inn, Llangefai, on TUESDAY, the 28th day of MARCH instant, at 12 o'clock at noon, or as near thereto as the Annual Meeting of the Magistrates of the County will allow. RICHARD WILLIAMS, Clerk to the Trustees. Beaumaris, 15th March, 1865. Festiniog, Maentwrog. and Harlech Turnpike Trusts- NOTICE is Hereby Given, that the Trustees of the Festiniog, Maentwrog, and Harlech Turn- pike Trust, acting under The Merionethshire Turnpike Road Act, 1850," will meet at the GRAPES HOTEL, at Maentwrog, on the 29th day of MARCH instant, at the hour of One o'clock in the afternoon, in order to consult about erecting a Side Bar, or Chain and Posts, on the side of the said Turnpike Road leading from Tanybwlch to Maentwrog, at or near to a certain place called Peny- sarn, across a certain Highway there leading to Festiniog. And also, to consult about erecting a Bar, or Chain and Posts, across the said Turnpike Road leading from Maen- twrog to Trawsfynydd, at or near the village of Maentwr- og, or so near thereto as may be there and then decided. Dated the 8th day of March, 1865. J. P. ROBERTS, Clerk to the said Trustees. SAINT ASAPH AND CONWAY TURNPIKE ROAD. jVTOTICE IS HERBY GIVEN, that the 1.? Trustees of the turnpike roads, under an Act pass- ed in the 26th and 27th years of the reign of her present Majesty, intituled "the St. Asaph and Conway Turnpike Road Act," at a meeting duly convened at the County Court Hall, in St. Asaph, on Tuesday, the 7th day of February instant, resolved as follows That on or before the 1st day of May next the present Tollhouse and Tollgate standing near St. George shall be pulled down and disposed of, in accordance with the Acts passed in that behalf. That, on the said 1st day of May next, a Tollhouse and Tollgates (in lieu of the said Toll- house and Tollgate near St. George as aforesaid) shall be erected and opened upon the new road leading from St. Asaph to Abergele, by way of Tyfry and Bodelwyddan, at the junction of the Rhuddlan and Abergele highway, with the said turnpike road near Penyffordd. That, on the said 1st day of May next, the old road leading from St. Asaph (by way of St. George) to Abergele shall be abandoned, according to the provisions of the St. Asaph and Conway Turnpike Act. 1863, and the new road lead- ing from St. Asaph (by way of Tyfry and Bodelwyddan) to Abergele, will be opened to the public in pursuance of the provisions of the last mentioned Act. LLEWELYN F, LLOYD, ) Trust es. H, S THOMAS, e St. Asaph, 7th February, 1865. TOLLS TO BE LET. FESTINIOG, MAENTWROG, AND HARLECH TURNPIKE TRUST. NOTICE is hereby given, that the Tolls 1? arising from the several Toll Gates, within the above Trust will be LET BY AUCTION, for One Jyear, to commence from the 12th day of May next, at the times and places undermentioned:— At the GRAPES HOTEL, Maentwrog, on Wednesday, the 29th day of March instant, at 2 o'clock in the after- noon, the Tolls of the following Gates, which produced last year the sums set opposite each Gate, over and above the expense of collection le60 0 0 Festiniog Gate — £ 5? 9 Maentwrog Gate 301 0 ?00 Garreg Gate 42 0 0 Ty Newydd Gate 40 0 0 BODT Newydd Gate 9 0 0 At the VICTORIA INN, Llanbedr, on Thursday, the 30th day of March instant, at 12 o'clock at noon, the Tolls of the following Gates, which produced last year the sums set opposite each Gate, over and above the expense of collection Barmouth Gate R85 0 0 Clogwyn Gate 70 0 0 Llechwedd Du Gate. 43 10 0 N.B.—Whoever happens to be the highest bidder must give security, with sufficient sureties to the satisfaction of the Trustees, on the day of Letting the Tolls, for the punctual payment of the rent at which such Tolls may be Let. March 9th, 1865. TOLLS TO BE LET. SHREWSBURY & HOLYHEAD TURNPIKE ROAD. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That the Tolls arising at the under-mentioned Turnpike Gates, and Wcighiug Machines, erected on the said Road, will be LET BY AUCTION, to the highest Bidder or Bidders, at the respective Times and Places undermentioned, viz.: on Tuesday, the 4th day of April next, at 12 o'clock at noon, AT THE BULL'S HEAD, IN THE TOWN OF LLAN- GEFNI, In the County of Anglesey, will be LET BY AUCTION, the Tolls of the following Gates, which Tolls produced the last year the different Sums annexed to each, over and above the expense of collecting the same, viz.: Stanley Gate and Cae CeiliogGate. £ 319 0 0 Gwnlchmai Gate 61 0 0 NantGate 280 0 0 Llanfair Also, on Thursday, the 6th day of April next, at 12 eclock at noon, AT CAPEL CURIG INN, In the County of Carnarvon, will be LET BY AUCTION, the Tolls of the following Gates, which Tolls produced the last year the different Sums annexed to each, over aud above the expense of collecting the same, viz.: Lonisa Gate and Weighing Machine E563 0 0 86 0 0 Ty'nylon Gate 13400 Bettws Gate and Hendre Isa Gate 290 0 0 Cernioge Gate 96 0 0 Druid Gate. 178 0 0 Corwen Gate, and Ty Isa Gate and I 618 0 0 Weighing Machine ) Also, on Friday, the 7tli day of April next, at 12 o'clock at noon, AT THE WYNNSTAY ARMS INN, IN THE TOWN OF OSWESTRY, In the County of Salop, will be LET BY AUCTION, the Tolls of the following Gates, which Tolls produced the last year the different Sums annexed to each, over and above the expense of collecting the same, viz Llangollen Gate .£110 0 0 Whitehurst Gate, with Black Park ( 162 0 Q and Belmont Gates ) Llwyn Gate, between 1st June, 1864, ) 226 19 3 and 1st February, 1865 ) Queen's Head Gate, and Gallows i 286 0 0 Tree Bank Gate. ) Wolfshead Gate 82 0 0 Shelton Gate & Montford Bridge Gate 64 0 0 And will be put up by Auction, to be Let for One Year, from the 1st day of June next, under such Covenants and Conditions as shall then be declared. Each person at his first Bidding, will be required to produce or name his Surety, which, if not satisfactory, his Bidding will not be taken; and whoever happens to be the best Bidder or Bidders, must at the same time give Secu- rity with sufficient Sureties for the due payment of the Rent by Monthly Instalments, and also for the perfor- mance of such Covenants and Conditions as shall be declared at the time of th^«^™-HAYWOOD, JOSEPH HAYWOOD, Upper Bangor. Clerk to the Commissioners. March 1st, 1865. MENAI AND CONWAY BRIDGES. THE TOLLS TO BE LET. THE Commissioners for carrying into _JL execution the Act. 3rd 4th William IV., Chap, 43, intituled An Act for transferring to the Commissioners of His Majesty's Woods and Forests the several powers "uow vested in the 1IOL YHEAD Road Commissioners, and for discharging the last-mentioned Commissioners from the future Repairs and maintenance of the Roads, "Harbours, aiul Bridges, now under their Care and "Management." And also the Act 14th and 15th Vict., Chap 42, intituled. "An Act to make better Provision for the Management of the Woods, Forests, and Land Revenues of the Crown, and for the Direction of Public Works and Buildings," DO HEREBY GIVE NOTICE, That on Weduesdey, the othday of April next. at 12o'clock at noon, AT THE BRITISH HOTEL, BANGOR, In the County of Carnarvon. will be LET BY AUCTION, the Tolls to be taken at the above-mentioned Bridges, which Tolls produced the last year the following Sums above the expense of collecting them, viz.: MENAI BRIDGE £ 17^0 0 0 CONWAY BRIDGE. 890 0 0 And will be Let to the highest Bidder or Bidders, for the term of One Year, from the 1st day of May next. Whoever happens to be the highest Bidder or Bidders, must immediately give, in writing, the names of two sufficient Sureties, and pay One Month s Rent in advance; and also, at the same time, Sign an Agreement for execu- ting a Lease with the said Sureties, for the clue Payment of the Rent by Monthly Instalments, and for the perfor- mance of such Covenants and Conditions as shall be declared at the time of the Auction, CS- Copies of the Conditions upon which she said Tolls will be Let, and further Particulars respecting the same, may be had on application at either of the Bridges; at the Office of the Commissioners' Engineer, Upper Bangor; or at the Office of Her Majesty's Works and Public Build- inga, No. l'i, Whitehall Place. By Order of the Commissioners, JOSEPH HAYWOOD, Engineer. Ujiper Bangor, March 1st, 1865. j public Notices. ANGLESEY QUARTER SESSIONS. NOTICE is Hereby Given, that the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the County of Anglesey, will be held at the COUNTY HALL, in BEAU- MARIS, on TUESDAY, the 4th day of APRIL next, at the hour of 10 o'clock in the forenoon, for the dispatch of the Civil and Criminal Business; and that at the hour of Eleven o'clock in the forenoon of the same day, all business matters, and things appertaining to the assess- ment, management, and application of the County rate, or stock of the said County of Anglesey (which by any statute or statutes now in force, the Justices of the Peace are authorised to do and transact at the General Quarter Sessions, or at any adjournment thereof), will be com- menced, done, and transacted publicly and in open Court. RICHARD OWEN, Clerk of the Peace. March 17th, 1865. CARNARVONSHIRE EASTER QUARTER SESSIONS, 1865. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT the General Quarter Sessions of the L Peace for the County of Carnarvon, will be held at the County Hall, in Carnarvon, in and for the said County, on Thursday, the 6th day of April, 18(55, at the hour of Ten o'clock in the Forenoon, for the des- patch of the Civil and Criminal Business, and that at the hour of Eleven o'clock in the Forenoon of the same day, all business matters and things appertaining to the assessment, management, and application of the County rate, or stock of the said County of Carnarvon and also the business relative to the County Police (which by any statute or statutes now in force, the Justices of the Peace are authorised to do and transact at the General Quarter Sessions, or at any adjournment thereof) will be com- menced, done, and transacted publicly, and in open Court. Dated this 13th day of March, 1865. WILLIAM THEARSBY POOLE, Clerk of the Peace. N.B.-Magistrates' Clerks are requested to forward their depositions nnd recognizances to the Clerk of the Peace, on or before the Saturday preceding the Sessions. Merionethshire Quarter Sessions. NOTICE is Hereby Given that the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the County of Merioneth, will beholden on TUESDAY, the 4th day of April next, in the COUNTY HALL, in DOLGELLEY, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon, when the Court will resolve into a com- mittee and proceed to audit all such bills and accounts against the County as shall then be desired and also to transact the business relating to the Assessment, Applica- tion and Management of the County Stock or Rate, and the General County business, and likewise all business relating to the County Constabulary, and the Application and Management of the Police Rate, after which the Court will be adjourned to the following day, to be held at the same place at 11 o'clock in the forenoon, when the Grand and Petty Jurors will be called over, and the Court will proceed to hear and determine all. mattos brought before them in the following order: 1. fa the trial of prisoners or persons indicted for assaults and misdemeanours at any former Sessions, and in cal- ling persons bound by recognizances in cases where ap- plication shall be made for that purpose. 2. In the trial of prisoners. 3. In the hearing of appeals. 4. In hearing motions, and in the transaction of suchotherbus- iness as may be brought before the Court. All persons bound by recognizances to prosecute, or who may have to prefer any indictment, presentment, or articles of the Peace, are required to furnish me with proper instructions on or before Tuesday, the first day of the Sessions and in case of special indictments or pro ceedings, instructions must be given or sent as long before the Sessions as practicable. The Clerks to the Justices of the several Divisicns are requested to tri.n»mit to me, seven days before the Ses- sions, all depositions, convictions, and recognizances, which shall have then been taken, with any instructions for indictments, which they may be able to give. All bills against the County which shall have been audited and allowed either previously to or at the above Sessions must be presented for payment to the County Treasurer between the hours of 11 and 3 o'clock on Wednesday, the second day of the Sessions, when the IVed,le8d,?? paid, otherwise they must stand over till the following Sessions. NOTICE IS HEREBY FURTHER GIVEN, That at the said Quarter Sessions, to be held on Tues- day, tho 4th day of April next, an application will be made to the Court in pursuance of a notice sent to me, of which the following is a copy. viz.:— To the Clerk of the Peace for the County of Mer- ioneth. We, the undersigned, ten inhabitants, being registered voters of and for the said county, do hereby give you no- tice that when the next General Quarter Sessions for the said county shall be held, the Court will be moved to make a Petition to Her Majesty in Council, from the said Court, or the Justices sssembled thereat, represent- ing that the number of Polling Places for the said county is insufficient, and praying that the following places, that is to say. Penrhyndeudraeth and Abercorris, situated within the said county, or one of them. or such other place or places within the said county as to the said Court shall be deemed desirable, may be a Polling Place for the said county, and that the same may be declared and ordered to be a Polling Place or Places, conformably with the provisions of the Act of Parliament in that be half made and passed. I Dated this third day of March, 1865. "C. F. Thruston, John Griffith, R. D. Pryce, R. Roberts, Samuel Holland, William Jones, Richard Jones, John Morris, John Roberts, William JoyleI." EDWARD BREESE, Clerk of the Peace. Dated this 17th day of March, 1865. DEBENTURES at 5, 51, and 6 PER CENT. JL7 CEYLON COMPANY LIMITED. Subscribed capital, £ 500,000. DIRECTORS. LAWFORD ACLAND, Esq. Chairman. Major-Ueneral Henry rei- ham Burn. Harry George Gordon, Esq. George Ireland, Esq. Duncan James Kay, Esq. Stephen P. Kennard, Esq Patrick F. Robertson Esq. Robert Smith. Esa. MANAGER—C. J. Braine, Esq. The Directors are prepared to issue DEBENTURES for one, three, and five years, at 5, 5J. and 6 per cent. repectively. They are also prepared to invest money or mortgage in Ceylon and Mauritius, either with or without the Guarantee of the Company, as may be arranged. Applications for particulars to be made at the Office of the Company, 12, Leadeuhail Street, London, E.C. By Order, JOHN ANDERSON, Secretary. S"? BY HER ? ?4 ROYAL LETTERS MAJESTY'S f ? PATENT. THE "BRITISH ECONOMICAL" MANURE. 11 to 14 Cwt. per Acre, Of which (and more must not be used) has been found equal to three cwt. of the best PERUVIAN GUANO, Though costing but 15s. to 18s. per acre. Its price remaiuing tho same notwithstanding the considerable increase in that of the latter, thus saving lialf the cost for Manure. Price E12 per ton (in quantities of 5 ewt. and upwards), casks included and the Carriage or Freight allowed to any Railway or Wharf in the United Kingdom. Agent, C. PETERS, "Grugall Arms," Groeslon, near Carnarvon. PLAIN reasons for preferring the "British _L Economical" before all other artificial Manures because- I.-One and a half cwt. of this has been found equal in productive power to three cwt. of the best Peruvian Guano, thus effecting a saving of half and sustaining its claim to the title of "Economical." 2.—Being patented and prepared under the sole orders of one person only, its uniform excellence is thereby guaranteed. 3.-It has been used several years in all parts of Eng- land, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, as well as in Conti- nental countries, with marvellous success 4.-This Manure is a chemical compound, made design- edly in a highly concentrated state, is a powerful deodor- izer, and was discovered by one of the cleverest practical agricultural chemists in Europe. 5.—It is strongly recommended after severe testing by the unprecedented number of 3.000 testimonials, among which are those of noblemen and landed proprietors, as well as farmers. 6.—It may be used for top dressing with great advantage, as it does not like other artificial and farm yard manures, lose its fertilizing properties by evapora- tion. 7.—It is adapted for all kinds of crops, soils and seasons (see reports), and besides greatly increasing the produce, it has saved the potatoe by warding off the disease," and the turnip by destroying the "fly." 8.-Its effects on the manure heap, when applied in a liquid state, are most advantageous. It decomposes lapidly all sorts of vegetable matter, peat included, great- ly increasing the value of the farm yard manure, and the quantity to be obtained on the farm, and in fermentation it destroys the noxious seed. 9.—Its effects on the poorest and lightest lands, impoverished by successive heavy crops, and the absence of manure prove that it provides the plants with all the fertilizing salts needful to their growth and vigour. But it is needless to enlarge upon its qualities, as the above is vouched, for in about ",Oou reports from disin- terested parties, which are printed and can be had free and the word of a buyer is always more worthy of belief than that of a dealer anxious to get rid of his goods. Plain directions for its use will be found in the book of testimonials, or will be supplied on application, aud atten- tion is particularly requested to them. B. COVENEY, Sole Manufacturer, 10, PaU Mall East' London, 6. W. t. Aiistellancou-. TO BUILDERS, &c- PERSONS desirous of contracting for _L Building of anew Life Boat House atCemljn, are requested to apply to the undersigned, with whom the Plans, &c., are deposited. J. INGLIS WILLIAMS, Hon. See. Llanfairynghornwy, Holyhead. ISAAC CLARKE, (Printer and Publisher) RESPECTFULLY informs the Public that JA< he has taken out a Licence as AUCTIONEER AND APPRAISER; and that he is prepared to undertake any commission with which lie may be favoured. Sales of Farming Stock, &c., conducted on moderate terms. A REGISTER Published of every description of Pro- perty on Sale or to be Let, which will oe circui<ueu m all the large towns. Market Place, Ruthin, Nov., 1864. BODORGAN ARMS INN, Family and Commercial Hotel, BY WILLIAM JONES, TS situated close M the Morgan Railway X Station, Anglesea. The famous Coron Lake is with- in five minutes' walk (the best fishing in North Wales) where a boat is always ready. A fine beach and good sea bathing is only two miles distant. Superior Wines, Ales, and Spirits of the best quality. Apartments, good Bedrooms, and well-aired Beds. Excellent Stabling, lock-up Coach Houses. Cars to Hire. Charges moderate. LLANFECHELL MOUNTAIN INCLOSURE ￼ !Uchard Wakeford Attree, of 8, Cannon I j Row, in the City of Westminster, in the County of Middlesex, the valuer acting in the matter of the In- closure of Llanfechell Mountain, situate in the Parish of Llanfechell, in the County of Anglesey, hereby give Notice, that I shall hold a Meeting on the 13th day of April next, at the Crown Inn, in the said Parish of Llan- fechell, at 10 o'clock in the Forenoon, for the examina- tion and determining of Claims in the matter of the said Inclosure, and for the attendance of all parties concerned therein. Given under my hand this 11th day of March, in the year of our Lord 186-i. R. W. ATTREE. MAGNESIUM LIGHT. THE MAGNIFICENT RIVAL OF THE SUN. APIECE of the wire or ribbon. held in a AGas or Candle flame, burns with ? flood of light, which illumines all surrounding objects with intense brilliancy. Six feet of Magnesium wire and three feet of ribbon, sent post free on receipt of twenty four stamps, by J. H. and S. Johnson, Chemists, 7, Church Street, Liverpool. HOTHOUSE BUILDING. JOHN WEBSTER, GENERAL HORTICULTURAL BUILDER, WA VERT REE, near LIVERPOOL. Conservatories, Vineries, Forcing, Orchard, and Plant Houses of every description, combining the most modern improvements at the lowest possible prices. References permitted to the nobility and gentry throughout Great Britain. COALS! COALS! COALS! BEST WIG AN and other COALS at BAN JD GOR RAILWAY STATION, by John Williams & Co. Best Coals 15s. per Ton. Second do 14s Also, DRAINING PIPES, of Superior Quality. Further particulars may be had of Mr. Littler, Rail- way Hotel, Bangor. PI.VDLA TER AND Oo's DUBLIN STOUT, In Imperial Measure Casks. AGENT: MR. J. W- EVANS, SODA WATER MANUFACTURER, MARKET HALL, BANGOR. W Private Families supplied with their XXX STOUT, in 9 Callon Casks. r A CERTAIN CUR^ Smoky Chimneys A may be obtained by usingthe DOUBLE ?RAUCft"T GRATE, Burn's Patent. For to view and particulars, apply to W. F. Williams, Ironmonger, Bangor, sole Agent for North Wales. IMPORTANT TO SINGERS &c., JONES' TREMADOC AROMATIC VOICE CLOBULES. For Restoring and Clearing the Voice, removing Hoarseness, dbc. THIS wonderful New Discovery was fit introduced amongst the Italian Vocalists, and is used with remarkable benefit in Germany, and other parts on the Continent. The secret was obtained, with some difficulty, by the proprietor, aud the demand for them since he has introduced them in this country is most astoundind. These Globules are a combination of the most simple and Balsamic Vegetables, acting as a soothing and Tonic Renovator to the Vocal and Respiratory Orgons. They will remove, in a few hours, the most troublesome Hoarse- ness that can take place afte Singing, Public Speaking, &c.; and by using them three or four times a day for a short time, they will not fail to restore and clear the voice, making it most refined and by using the same oc- casionally they will give a Tone and fineness to the most rough and broken voice, protecting the throat from re- laxed Hoarseness and Cold. They clear the accumlated Phlegm that coagulated in the bronchial Tubes, to the great inconvenience of Singers and Public Speakers; and are good to those who have lost their Voice; also have been found effectual in cases of Spitting Blood. Old Coughs, and Palpitation. Their titste is good, and impart an. agreeable odour to the breath. Prepared only (by Appointment) by R. I. Jones, Cambrian Pill Depot, Tremadoc, In Boxes, Is. ljd„ and 2s. 9d. each. Sold by all the Wholesale and Retail Druggists, and may be had direct, per return of Post, from Tiemadoc' on receipt of Is. 2(L, or 3s.. in Stamps. Testimonials of their wonderful effect come to hand daily. A Clergyman of 30 years standing in the Church has tried my Voice Globules after suffering more or less from an elfection of the throat, attended frequently with hoarseness, for 20 years, and has found them wonderfully efficacious in removing all hoarseness andin strengthening the Voice. And if any one doubts this, I am at liberty to give his name in private to any brother clergyman who wishes to have it. Read the following from L W. LEWIS, Esq., (Llcw Llwyfo Denbigh, August 7, 1&), Sir,-You have desired me to make a trial of your Voice Globules. I did so. The result ia this—I never had anything before to have an immediate, decided, and agreeable effect upon mv Voice as these, although I spent much in Lozenges, Wafers. Now I get an immediate relief from Hoarseness when I am attacked I find the Globules an eteclit(tt p"reventive from Hoarseness a most valuable discovery worthy of trial. Send me another Box immediately. Yours, &c., LLEW LLWYFO. LLANDUDNO TURKISH & GENERAL BATHS Tygwyn Road, off Church Walks. These Baths are open daily (Sundays excepted) from 9 to 8 pm, Holidays and I hursdays set apart for Ladies, the other days for gentlemen. Turkish Baths, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. (a course s. d. of twelve Baths £ 110s.) each. 3 6 Ditto after 4 p.m. 2 6 Douche Baths 1 0 Shower Baths 1 0 Kain Baths 1 0 heking nat 2 C The Packing Bath is followed by Rain, Shower, or Douche Bath, at the option of the Bather. Managers :-Ladios' Days, Mrs. John L ong; Gentle- men's Days, Mr. John Long. SI IMPORTANT TO ADVERTISERS. THE WHITEHAVEN NEWS, (PvMwhed every Tuesday and Thursday morning ) CIRCULATES, 1ST ONE ISSUE. MORE COPIES THAN* All. TO, OTHER WHITEHAVEN NEWSPAPERS PUT TOGETHER THE Circulation extends throughout th Twhole of the County of Cumberland, a portion e Westmoreland, Lancashire, Dublin, *e Isle of?M. B? kenhead, and Liverpool, in which places there are age lr. who receive regular parcels of the paper. The list of subscribers includes the names of the most infiuent mercantile and agricultural gentlemen, and iron-ore pr0, prietors, as well as the principal gentry of Cumberlajij and Westmoreland. PROPRIETOR WILLIAM ALSOP, To whom all orders for Advertisements or Papers ami. be addressed. Offices 148, Queen Street and 43, Kopy Street, Whitehaven. r RHYL- CARTES DE VISITE. VISITORS to Rhyl arc respectfully reques- V ed before having their Photographs taken to et. amine T. Brown's SPECIMENS on the" est Parade, and at the Establishment 73, Wellington Road. No Photoraphs issued infeiior to specimens exhibited. Cartes, 10s. the first dozen. 6s. the half dozen. "We have never seen Photographs so clear and life-like as Mr. Browns. Whitehaven Herald. THE GOVERNORS and DIRECTORS of the LONDON ASSURANCE CORPORATION" hereby give Notice that they have appointed Mr. Robert Roberts, Postmaster of Bangor, to be their Agent for Fire and Life Insurance, and they have also appointed Dr. Júh¡¡ Richards, to be their Medical Examiner for the District. IMPORTANT NOTICE. THE LONDON SPORTING AGENCY COMPANY J- have again commenced their Monster Draws for the year 1865. The second will be given on the GREAT XORTH. AMPTONSHIRE STAKE, to be conducted the same as last year, by 5000 shares, at 5s. each share, and two stamped directed envelopes for share ticket and prize list. Drawing will take place on April 3rd, and all prize lists will be forwarded immediately after the Draw. First Prize, 300?.- Second, 2001. Third, 1001. Fourth, 501.; and twenty prizes of 151. each; twenty of 101. each and twenty of 51; each. All prizes paid immediately after the Draw -less 5 per cent. for expenses. All applications for Shares to be made to the secretary, by letter only, John Howard, 15, York-street, Covent Garden, London, W.C. Post Office orders made payable to J. Howard, General Post Office, London. Stamps taken as cash. N.B.—Commissions executed on all Races throughout the year. Price List free on receipt of a stamped directed envelope. Cheques crossed Union Bank of London, best market prices obtained, and winnings guaranteed. Ad. dress as above. PRICE Twopence, free by Post for Three J_ Stamps, or Five Copies (free) for Twelve Stamps. THE PRIZE ESSAY on the REARING OF CALVES. By THOS. BO WICK. Copied from the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England," aud reprinted by special permission. Second Edition. A. cheap tract well written, on a matter of great practical importance, and is certain to receive a wide eircul.,ition.zl,-ricultural Gazatte, Nov., 18, If the man who makes known to society how to grow two blades of grass were one grew before, is entitled to public gratitude, so is the author of this Essay on tha Rearing of Calves. "—Derbyshire Advertiser. "The Essay will be very acceptable to farmers in general, and a better twopennyworth it would be impos- sible to recommend. It ought to be sown broadcast over England, and no farmer, bailitf, or servant in husbandry should be without it."—Worcester Herald. One Essay," and one "Woods on Sheep," free by Post for 7d. Day, Son, and Hewitt, 22, Dorset-street, Baker-street, London. MONEY TO LEND. TO FARMERS, TRADESMEN, AND OTHERS. LOANS from j?O to ?1,000 at 5 per cent L interest upon personal security, can quickly be ob- tained by respectable parties, and repayment may be made within five years.—Apply to Messrs. T. Walkley à: Co., Estate Agents, 13, Great James-street, Bedford.row, London, W C. N.B.—Money can also be had on Mortgage from E500 to 4120,000, and all transactious are strictly confidential. TO PROPRIETORS OF QUARRIES. JOHN 0WENT, Iron and Brass Jounder, MENAI FOUNDRY, BANGOR, begs to announce to Quarry Proprietors that lie continues to manufacture Quarry waggons, &c., and that he is now in a position to supply every description of Quarry Machinery. Incline Drums, Rollers and Waggon Wheels (case hardened) and castings of every description. Also Sawing and Planing Nlacliinesfor slate and marble slabs upon an improved principle Water Wheels. Steam Engines. &c.. on the most modern principle aud is also appointed manufacturer of Mr. E. J. J. Dixon's patent axles and waggons, by the use of which there is a saving of 75 per cent. in oil. N.B.—Most promt attention paid to all orders. PRlCE Fourpenee, Free by Post for Five _L Stamps, or Four Copies free for Eighteen Stamps, THE BREEDING and MANAGEMENT OF SHEEP, By HENRY WOODS, Agent to the Right Hon. Lord Walsingham, being a Lecture delivered before the Way- land (Norfolk) Agricultural Association, and published by request. A remarkably instructive lecture, one of the very best addres". oil the subject that has ever been deli.ered. -Agiiculttiial Gazette. 19th March, 1864. Mr. Woods has further signalized himself by a singularly able address upon the sheep, an essay that has already taken its place as a standard authority in the rural library." Mark-lane Express, 21st March. 186*4. We look upon this lecture as one of the most valuable ever written upon the subject, and as one which ought to be in the hands of every farmer in the country. "-BelFa Weekly Messeuger, llth April, 18fit. One Woods on Sheep," and one Essay on Calves," Free by Post for 7d. Day, Son, and Hewitt, 22, Dorset-street, Baker-street, London. EXTENSIVE SLATE QUARRIES IN PERTH SHIRE TO LET. THE Slate Quarries of Crai?ea and Rolmm- Tniaii, upon the Estate of Logiealmond, will be let for such number of years as may be agreed upon, with entry at Whitsunday, 1865. These Quarries are situated within eight mile, of the Luncarty Station Oil the Scottish North-Eastern KrJIway; within same distance of the Methven Station on the Methveu and Perth Railway and within twelve miles of the town and shipping port of Perth. The quality of the Slate is well known to be of the best description and from a recent survey by an experienced engineer, the extent of Slate R )ck is inexhaustible. Robert Buchanan, Chapelhill, or James Steward, Logiealmon Shooting Lodge-, Logiealmon, will show the Quarries; and further particulars will be learned from, and offers received by, Peter Geekie, Balboughty, Perth. Scone, llth January, 1865. 18 6 5. AT HAFODUNOS, YOUNG AUGUR, At 92 2s. a Mare, including groom's fee. Tenant-farmers, half-price \7"0UNG AUGUR is by Augur, out 01 Miss X EHuh. Augur is by Binlcutcher, out of Nickname by Ishmael, her dam Misnomer by Merlin. Miss Ellali is by Red Deer, out of Fair Louisa. Fair Louisa by Voltaire her dam Minna by Camiliu*. Red Deer by Venison, out of the Soldier's Daughter, by the Colonel. YOUNG ATJG-UR. is seven years old bright-hay with black legs 15 hands 1 inch high, compact short-legged, with g"od action and perfectly sound, He combnics the good forehand of Birdcatcher, with the wiry frame of Venison. See Royal Agriculture journal, Vol. xlvi, page 518. ESTABLISHED 1852. THE PROVINCIAL INSURANCE COMPANY, FIKK—LIFE—AN.NXITIES. Chief Office HIOH-STUEET, WKEXIUM 49, MOOROATE-ST., LONDON 77, BUCHANAN-ST., GLAS- GOW. Trustees. The Right Hon. Lord Boston. The Right Hon. Lord Traleg:ir. Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., M.P. Colonel Midilelton Biddulph, M.P. Townshend Mainwaring. Esq., M.P. Thomas Barnes, Esq., M.V. The Very Reverend the Dean of St. Asaph. Thomas firassley, Esq., Westminster. Hugh Owen, Esq., Barnsbury, London; Chairman of the Hoard. TDOJIAS BARNES, ESQ., M. P.. FAUN WORTH, AND THE QUINTA, SALOP. Copies of the Report of the Directors of this prosperous Company may be had on application. Applications for Agencies are invited. ANTHONY DILLON, Secretary to the Company. i.
THE MOUNTAIN SIIEEP. To the Editor of the North Wales Chronicle. Sir,I must ask you to allow me to say a tew more words on this subject. Although my former letter was translated by some friend, and inserted in the Herald Cymraeg," there have been no replies to it either in that paper, or yours, except the two letters signed Humani- ty," and "Path-fiuder." The inference to be drawn from the absence of any attempt to vindicate the piac- tice which prevails with regard to Mountain Sheep is, I conclude, that it is impossible to justify it. Universal silence in both languages in its defence must undoubted- ly be construed into the plea of "Guilty." From a little inoident which has happened since my former letter ap- peared, I think we have a very good inte.-pretation of the Welsh country people. Seeing six sheep on the Turnpike Road, and which I had noticed about the roads for many days, I enquired of the first person at hand who was likely to know, whose sheep they were and his reply was il they belong to ow Parish. This, from the manner in which it was said, was evidently considered by my informant as a very satisfactory answer. So I concluded that the whole Parish, Fields, Orchards, Fruit Gardens, Pleasure Guavdens, Young Plantations, &c., &c., are treated by the Wehh country people as one great common in the winter season. A very kind and neigh- bourly thought no doubt, but which the increasing cul- tivation of the country must shortly put an end to. But then, the misfortune is that it is a very one-sided chari- ty. One of my neighbours, (a Scotchman), I was told, said, that my letter was a very childish one, as it was a give and take business but the misfortune again is, that with myself it is all giving and uo taking. I, like your correspondent Humauitas," have had shrubs of considerable value, either quite destroyed, or grievously injured, and who is there that will and can compensate me! But I can assure you, Sir, that by private letter, and personal communication I have received the greatest encouragement to persevere in my endeavours to remedy this curse of North Wales, and I can assure you that in my own Parish and elsewhere, so far as I am able, if my life is spared, I will never relax in my exertions, un- til this great evil is remedied. I shall never let an acre of my land again without a special written agreement that the occupier, if he keeps sheep, shall shepherd them diligently, and feed them, and keep them from wander- ing, or immediately bring them back if they should wan- der; and I shall compel the performance of such agree- ment by every means in my powar. As to other peo- ple's sheep which are allowed to wander, I shall (after hav- ing had printed notices posted in and about the village) visit the owners with every punishment that the law will give them. Your's respectfully. RICHARD LUCK.
COLLEGIATE AND UNIVERSITY EDUCATION I Foit WALES. To the Editor of the Xorth Wales Chronicle.. oir,—As some of our friends have been partly led into supposing that the new charter recently obtained for St. David's College, Lampeter, will interfere with the movement which has long been on foot for establish- ing uusectarian Colleges and University privileges in ales, will you permit ine just to say that in so suppos- ing they labour under a great misapprehension. Lam- peter College is, aud will continue to be, a purely Church of England College We have from the begin- ning proposed and worked for a comprehensive unseeta- run Institution for the whole of the people of Wales aud on a cale far surpassing what Lampeter College in ts proposed extended state is likely to be, or, as a pro- per Church Seminary, possibly can be. We continue, aud hall continue, to labour for the same object until it is secured and the only elfect the obtaining of a charter for a College belonging to one ecclesiastical body to confer one degree in Arts will have upon our move- ment will be to add greatly to the reasons already exist- ing for obtaining for the while of the Principality, in- cluding all sections of the Church, an Institution worthy of the status of a University, whose charter will autho- rize the creation of the highest, degrees in the diffei-ent tieultie,, and degrees which shall command respect among educate,i men. Our Committee deeply regret that the friends of Lam- peter College should steiii so inadequately to estimate the true honour and influence of the Church 1:1 Wales, and of the Welsh people generally, as to be satisfied with, seeking academic distinctions which Oxford, Cam- bridge, aud Loudon are not likely to recognize, and to decline uuiting with us in obtaining a truly Catholio and powerful University which shall be a perpetual source of benefit aud honour to all ranks of the people. If they throw open the advantages of St David's ('ollege, such as they are, on perfectly equal terms to all denomina- tions, even though still retaining the government, as they are bound to do, in their own hands, they must be allowed to be deserving of the gratitude of the public and our Committee will rejoice at the result, as seeing in some small degree their own cherished object accom- plished but if it is supposed that such a concession, with its necessary restrictions, will satisfy the Dissenters and the liberal Church laity of Wales, and induce them to send their sons to Lampeter, I fear the consequence will only prove a sad disappointment. Lampeter has yet to earn its character as a high school of learning. Besides, public enlightenment has already too far ad- vanced to he longer satisfied with narrow exclusiveness in educational privileges. A country, three-fourths of whose population are Nonconformists, deserves a system of education which shall be uusectarian in government, and fair and impartial in the bestowment of distinc- tions. The friends of Lampeter College-we say it with re- gret-have put it beyond their own power, for the pre- sent at least, to contend for such a system. By prefel, ring a charter granting the inferior degree only, without even the shadow of the name of a University," with a government purely sectarian; instead of a complete charter, and a government in harmony with the spirit of modern times and the ecclesiastical condition of Wales, they have let slip one of the grandest opportunities the Established Church ever enjoyed of maintaining her dig- nity and her character for disinterestedness in promoting high-class education among the people. Our movement is firmly based as i Cithohc unsecta- rian movement, consulting the interests of no Church except as it consults the enlightenment of a whole peo- ple and If it should now, in the estimation of soma, assume the appearance of being more mnoonformist than heretofore, the responsibility must lie xx,it??t the too zealous sectarianism of the Lampeter Com- mittee. It is pleasing to IilHl that large-minded and educated laymen of the Church sympathize more than ever in the scheme which our Committee have from the outset ad- vocated, and which they now feel more bound and re solved than ever to see carried out to completion. A sectional College conferring interior degrees involves a greater indignity to the cause of education in our coun- try than no apology for a University at all, and consti- tutes what fairly admits of being considered an implied disrespect to the outstanding majority of the Welsh people, which they cannot be expected uncomplainingly to endure. I am, yours trnly, THOMAS NICHOLAS, Secretary. Office, 7, Delahay-street, London, S. W., Secretar y March 18th, 1865.