It It It It It j Merthyr Electric heatre j I M e rter cmme1 !y be!t ea t re I I CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE FROM 2.30 P.M. DAILY Monday Tuesday and Wednesday- t SESSUE HAYAKAWA in HIS BIRTHRIGHT: I This h a re illy Wonderfnl Production—Equal to The Temple of Dusk. B 1 THE BRASS BULLET. Episode 18 I The Amazing Confession-The Concluding Chapter. • THE ULLMN BRIDE—A Great Mack Sennett Comedy. 8 I Thut?d&y, Friday, and ??turd&y I Tit Fox Film Company present < I CAUGH;.OX IN THE ACT I A n Excellent Story. II THE CIRCUS KING. Episode 12 j I Eddie the Daring iR some further Exciting A d ventures I SHE LOVED HIM PLENTY — — A Mack Sennet Special. | I Coming Shortly I "The BHndnesa of Divorce. Ij } Prices of Admission 5d., 9d., 1/3 including Tax. m I' It I' It II 2 It ,It II 'PRELIMINARY ANNOUNCEMENT. NO-CONSCRIPTION FELLOWSHIP. National Convention Will be held in London on November 29th and 30th. Chairman CLIFFORD ALLEN. First List of Speakers at different Sessions: Rev. Dr. John Clifford G. D. H. Cole George Lansbury J. Ramsay Macdonald Rev. Dr. F. B. Meyer Lord Parmoor Hon. Bertrand Russell Robert Smillie Philip Snowden Mrs. H. M. Swanwick All Conscientious objectors are invited to attend, and are requested to communicate either with their local Branches or with Ernest E. Hunter, at Head Offioe, 5 York Buildings, Adelphi, London, W.0.2. II It II II LLOYDS BANK | i LIMITED, with which is amalgamated I THE CAPITAL & COUNTIES BANK, LD. HEAD OFFICE: 71, LOMBARD ST., E.C.3. CAPITAL SUBSCRIBED iCS6,150,350 CAPITAL PAID UP.. 8,984,056 RESERVE FUND 9,071,250 DEPOSITS, &c. 309,328,800 ADVANCES, &c. 92,784,877 Auxiliary: LLOYDS AND NATIONAL PROVINCIAL FOREIGN BANK LIMITED. j BLANCHARD'S Are unrivalled for an Irregulariti, etc., th" B LA N C H A R D'S -pe-d?ly agord rehef and never f-ii to ?evimte all suffering. They supersede Pennyroyal, Pill Dll I Cf 4? Cochia, Bitter, Apple, &c. Blanchard's are the best of all Pills for Women. Sold 10 boxes, t/t, by BOOTS' Branches and all Chemists, or post free, same price, fromi LESLIE MARTIN, Ltd., Chemists, 34 Dalston Lane, London. Samples and valuable booklet cant free, td, atanp. PENTREBACH HALL. EISTEDDFOD, JANUARY let, 1820 (NEW YEAR'S DAY). Under the auspices of the Mei-thyr and Troedyrhiw Co-operative Society. Male Voioe-11 Crusaders (Dan Protheroe, Mus. Bac.) Prize 915 and a tirophy. .Turenilie Choir—Champion Duet, Solos, Recitations, etc. Adjudicators: Music: Professor T. J. MORGAN, F.T.S.C., L.R.A.M., Cwmbacih, and Mr. L. POWELL EVANS, Splott, Cardiff. Reeitatpoins: Mr. GWILYM D. PHILLIPS, Abraman. Prsgrammse Id., Post Free. Joint Secretaries: Miss Edith Davies.Pantglas, Troedyrhiw, and Mr, Dd. ThaI, Brains, eo. operative Society,, TrpWythiw. HOPE CHAPEL, MERTHYR, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 19th, 1919. Mr. D. J. Jones University College, Cardiff. I.L.P. MERTHYR TYDFIL I.L.P. WINTER COURSES OF LECTURES ON INDUSTRIAL AND ECONOMIC HISTORY. Lecturer Mr. A. P. YATES. LECTURE III.: "BARBARISM." The Classes are held every Sunday Evening at 7.90 p.m. in Bentley's HaU. Copies of the first two leoturee now available. Clorrespomdence.-AMaawe difficulties answered through post.
I The Debacle. I THERE is a note of exultation in the capitalists' press of the moment. A note of exultation, that creeps into their poisonous sheets when by some act of perfidy a hurt is done to the enemy that Capital fears—the enemy that is composed of the massed battalions of the common peoples of earth. Whenever that note is apparent, then the worker would do well to wear crept-, and metaphorically adopt the ashes of the older cus- tomary mourning. Moscow is on the eve of falling." Den-ikin, arch-fiend of hell and co- adjutor of our own. demons of diplomacy, re- joices, and the adventurous Yon der Goitz is backed by the- Czar's relations. Such is the news. The capitalist Press mafficks in joy. Our hearts are heavy within us. For we know, what the unheedlÎng crowd will, alas, also learn in pain and agony of oppression, that if Moscow falls; if the glorious structure, of the first people's government is trampled in the dirt of reaction's concentrated fury, then the result is bad for the common people the wide world over. Is it thought that for two years the rulers of Capital- ist England and France have poisoned the sources of information have choked the chan- nels lest truth should prevail, for a mere love of the Russian autocracy ? Is it believed that for two years they whose souls nevei- rise above a cold cash nexus should close to themselves the greatest profit-yielding market of the wfcrld to satisfy a purely abstract love of an unloveable Czar, and a hateful feudal nobility? Is it thought that our political hacks of the capital- ist system have wasted the life and substance of our natron in the gambles of Koltcftak and De'ni- kin for the love they bear for these blood- stained adventurers? If it is then the believers are the -simplest of simpletons that ever lived. The capital that fights every aspiration of its own workers to the death, cannot rhapsodise over the aspirations of reformers a thousand miles away, unless the fhasody As set to the music of their own selfish ends. The capitalist press rejoices over the rumoured-impending fall of Moscow—may rumour be a lying jade—be- cause in the fall of Moscow it sees the post- ponemoiirt of its own inevitable downfall. It re- joices in the fact that a Romanoff struts with kingly shuffle behind the mercenaries of Von der Goltz because it sees in the triumph of such reaction, its own triumph at homo over the same foe it has fought openly and secretly in Russia —the workers. The rejoicings arc the paen of praise for victory in the universal class warfare— the victory on the Russian sector—that cannot be separated from the British oct- the French sector. The loss of the Socialist Republic of Russia is a loss that will be acutely -apparent whenever Capital faces Labour in conflict the whole world over. The consciousness of this is the cause of the rejoicing. A consciousness that the demand of the miners for Nationalisation, of the weavers for better wages, of the workers in every branch for better conditions, will be the more difficult of attainment by reason of the ab- sence of the Russian Republic. And the pity of it is that we of the working class, no matter what our party, are con-scious of it too if we are honest with ourselves. We are aware that we are not without responsibility if this dastard deed is consummated. But if Moscow falls. Moscow will rise on the ashes of itself to a new and finer greatness. The spirit of Socialism that has .wailked abroad in Russia, beset by all the evils of the earth though it has been during the last two years, as a spirit that cannot be killed, cannot be suppressed, but for a moment—a spirit that must inevitably triumph. If we have failed in our (responsibility to Russia we have failed in our responsibility to ourselves; and by a greater and more conscious sense of responsibility to ourselves, courageously striving for our own emancipation we shall hasten the day when once again Moscow shall be the seat of a Socialist government of the vast teri-itcvies of the North. In that day we shall rejoice and be glad—and the capitalist press will be full of the weeping and waiting of those who mourn their own economic death; unconscious of the glorious re- surrection to a. now life that such death will mean even far themselves.
I Labour Intelligence Department. I The seventh annual meeting of the Labour Research Department was held on October 11th in the new premises of the Department at 34, Eccleston Square, Mr. Bernard Shaw presided; 68 members and delegates of affiliated societies were present. It was reported that the number of societies affiliated to the Depart- ment has increased from 246 to 423 during the year, and individual membership has now reached 540. Reports of the various sections and committees of enquiry were submitted. These included many new departures and acti- vities—an Enquiry 4ito the Prison System, which is shortly to issu-ea report; a seetion dealing with industrial and political Labour in foreign countries and the Colonies, to wliidh a special supplement is devoted in the Monthly Circular of the Department; and a section on Local Government. A long discussion took place on future work. Many delegates ex- pressed the need for a good information service to assist any such General Staff for Labour as has recently been proposed. It was also felt, :that a good deal of research work would Tx- ne- cessary for a successful national campaign on nationalisation. Many suggestions were made for further increasing affiliations and making the work of tlle Research Department more widely known throughout the Labour and Co- operative movements.
I The Coming Session. I The next session of Parliament, which com- mences on the 22nd October, will be important from the point of view of Labour. It is expected that the two Government Bills dealing with Wages and Hours of Employment will come up for their second reading at an early date. The Wages Bill is an agreed measure, but when the Limitation of Hours Bill is before the House efforts will be made by the Labour Party to widen its scope to cover the agricultural indus- try which has been excluded by a decision of the Cabinet. The inclusion of this iindustry would, it is calculated, only mean a reduction of roughly 12J minutes per day over the year on the present hours arrangement. It has not yet been decided by the Parlia- mentary Labour Party to take action regarding the question of Nationalisation of Mines, and it is probable they will await the decision of the special Trade Union Congress which is to be summoned if the Prime Minister's reply to the joint deputation last Thursday is regarded as unacceptable. The two committees which have been dL?3 na with the questions of Old Age Pen- sions and Workmen's Compensation are expected to make their reports shortly, but dt is unlikely that legislative Action to give effect to their re- commendations will be ta-ken during the present year.
I Death of Mr. T. T. Jenkins I ANOTHER LABOUR VETERAN WE SHALL MISS. The year has been unkind to us. At; a time when we needed .them most, or, rather, at a time when the, cloiDiiiiin-ity needed them most, stalwarts have had "tini" written, to their life's-work. Stalwarts that could ill be spared. Bill" Harris has scarcely been laid in the premature embrace of our great mothetl. Nature, than our old Comrade T. T. Jenkins, heroic figure of a hundred hard fights, has followed his friend and co-worker beyond the shadowy bor- derline. On Tuesday at his residence, (Manyr- afon," Pentrebach, the robust frame sank to caei-iial rest in the last repose. With the death of Mr. Jen kins the hands of the beginnings of democracy in Merthyr, that hut yesterday seem- ed as permanent as the hills, have been visibly weakened. We of the younger generations, are being separated from those who in love created the cause, and nourished it to a full and frag- rant life. That the heirs may be worthy of the heritage that has come to them from such men, will depend upon the earnestness with which we catch their spirit, the sincerity with which we reverence their memories. Fgt- to-day the Mer- thyr Labour Party, and the Socialist- nucleus of it in particular, is riett in memories of men who lived that they might bring to humanity a big- ger and He titer conception, who strove not for the selfish aggrandisement that their abilities might so easily have commanded but that the race might grow human in its acts and relation- ships as in its description. And of all who laboured none strove, with more single devotion than Mr. T. T. Jenkins. None brought to Labour more conspicuous ta- lents or unbounded enthusiasm than he. None saw more clearly the direction of travel none- sought with greater consistency to planfully map that direction of travel into a purposive line of commonsense campaign. The days of Mr. Jen- kins beginnings must go back into his youth, for some thirty years ago when he became head- master at Pe.ntrebaCh Elementary SchooJ-tlwl1 in his twenties—he was just beginning to engage in the propaganda that from that day to the time when two years ago he was smitten down witJ) disease. From that time on he never re- laxed his efforts. Trades Unionism he fathered amongst the t-eachers-.iii(I it was due to- tb(, enthusiasm that he brought t:; those tasks that t-he teachtng profession in Merthyr to-day is one of the best organised, and keenest interested organisations in the profession. To him trades unionism was not a dead organism for defence; but a living organisation. His acftivitie's on be- half of Socialism were unremitting. III those f,oriiia t v(, v formative years of the movement he must have had little personal leisure from the constant task of propaganda. Later came the period when, the early Work over, the work of coalescing the forces had to be undertaken, and so he threw himself into the task of helping in the organa-sing of the Trades Council. Feeling the need for a (medium of expressing the peoples expretssioin lie pioneered with a few other en- thusiasts in the task of founding the "Pioneer." A life friend of Hardie he worked strenuously behiud his chief throughout. Again, he was an a<rtave leader of the Labour gromp ion the Board of Guardians and at was a worthy conclusion to his skilful work there that placed him in the chair of the Board in 1915-16. 11h,is but outlines the main contributions of the late Mr. T. T. Jenkins to the life of his town and times—a contribution that in detail would fill a volume—a contribution that has filled the heart of an ever growing circle of friends all over South Wales, who to-day join with ns in our condolences to the widow and two sons who mourn their loss.
I An Ugly Document. I STOPPAGE OF RAILWAY SERVICES FORESEEN ON JULY 25. The document subjoined is one calling for an immediate explanation from the Rhondda Food Control Committee. It is one that has gained some publicity since the recent Railway Strike; the natural inference being that it is a secret document in connection with the war against the railwaymen which Mr. Lloyd George has let slip, has been contemplated as a possibility since last February. As a secret document it has been regjirded wlierever it has been produced and so it was regarded when it was -handed to Mr. W. W. Craik, acting Principal of tlie Cen- tral Labour College, at the close of his lecture in Bentley's Hall, Merthyr, on Monday night. The date is, of course, the important point. On July 25th. not even the N. U .R. men had a conception of an immeditat.e strike. But it does coincide somewhere-abouts with the date of the Locomotivemen's standardisation;; and, if it. is a document issued as a result of secret orders at all, it would seem to represent a determination to fight the A.S.L.E. and F. workers, that was subsequently dropped. It has occurred to me that the circular was issued as an intelligent anticipation of trouble from the. suspension by .the Taff Vale Company of Mr. T. C. Morris, the N.U.R. Executive member for South Wales, for work in connection with his work for the Labour Movement without the necessary leave of ab- sence that it was claimed lie should have pos- sessed. I have searched our files to tind when that suspension dated from, but unsuccessfully but the impression conveyed is that it arose from participation in the Hands Off Russia" cam- paign of the end of June and beginning of July. On the other hand no general movement for a strike was demanded in connection with Mr. T. C. Morris' case until later in September; through feeling in the Rhondda, where Mr. Mor- 'ris is so personal a factor, this movement may have manifested itself earlier. On the other hand that theory would be totally invalidated if it could be proved, as it has been represented to me, that tlie order is not restricted to the 'Rhondda, but was issued in other areas, if not throughout the whole nation. 1113it is a point that needs elucidation. Meanwhile the circular is so ugly in some of its aspects that an explana- tion is imperatively necessary. Will the Rhondda Food Control Committee help? THE DOCUMENT. I Rhondda Food Control Committee, I Hermon Chambers, Tonypandy, July 25th, 1919. I TO GROCERS. Dear Sir, or Madam, My Committee desire to call your attention to the fact that there is quite a possibility of a stoppage of the railway services, in which event the only means of supplying your customers will be by road transport. Having regard to this menace, my Committee desire you to secure sup- plies of flour, tea, sugar, margarine, lard, bacon and canned meat, etc., sufficient for a fortnight's sn'pply if your present stocks are be- Jow this level, and you are requested to fill up the enclosed form and forward it to this office not later than Wednesday of next week. Yours faithfully, I T. D. LAWRENCE, Clerk and Executive Officer.
Bernard Shaw Again. j CONFESSIONS OF THE CAPITALIST. f In Heart-break House" Mr. Shaw is in his bitterest mood. It is a satire on English middle- class life, its hypocrisies, its ineptitudes, its fol- lies, its mercenary marriages, its futile social routine, its anxieties over life's trifles, its neglect of the great things, its indifference to imminent social catastrophe. Of course, this is no new theme for him, he has been saying the same things for over a quarter of a century, it is just another example of his versatility that he can repeat his message in yet another play and n01 be accused of a platitude. The mad old sea captain and Mangan, the company promoter are well drawn, though one wishes that Captain Shot-over talked more and drank less, and one wonders, too, how lie reached 88 with his capacity of drinking ten glasses of rum in an hour. Mangan explains at length his profession to the young lady who believes lie is her father's benefactor. "Of course, you don't understand: what do you know about husiness ? You just listen and learn. Your father's business was a new busi- ness was a new business; and I don't start new businesses: I let other fellows start them. They put all their money and thefir friend's money into starting them. They wear out their souls and bodies trying to make a success of them. They're what you call enthusiasts. But the first dead lift of the thing is too much for them and they haven't-enough financial experience. In a year or so they have either to let the whole show go bust or sell out to a new lot of fellows for a, few deferred ordinary shares: that is, if they're lucky enough to get anything at all. As likely as not the very same thing happens to the new lot, they put in more money and a couple of years more work and then perhaps they have to sell out to a third lot. If its really a big thing the third lot will have to sell out too, and leave their work and their money behind them. And that's where the real business man comes in, where I come in. But I'm cleverer than some I don't mind dropping a little money to start the process. I took your father's measure. I saw that he had a sound idea. and that he would work himself silly for it if lie had the chance. I savi- that he was a child iu business and was dead certain to outrun his expenses and be in too great a hurry to wait for his market. I knew that the surest way to ruin a man who doesn't know how to handle money is to give hini some. I explained my idea to some friends in lx p ill c the city, and they found the money for I take no risks inideruo; even when they're my own. Your father and the friends that ventured their money with him were no more to me that a heap of squeezed lemons. You've been wasting your gratitude my kind heart is all rot. I'm sick of it. When I see your father beaming at me with his mo-t grateful eyes regularly wallowing in gratitude, I sometimes feel I must tell him the truth or burst." SHAW AND MARTYRDOM. In the Preface Mr. Shaw has some pungent comments to make on England during the war. His main arguments arc sound and convincing, but some of the asides are open to criticism. For example, he refers to some of the conscientious objectors who held back from the pumps because the ship had been neglected by its officers and scuttled by its wreckers. This is doing -but scanty justice to the much abused minority who, after making desperate efforts to get to the pumps were summarily clapped into irons for their pains. One wonders what Mr. Shaw would have done were lie of niiiitat-y age when Con- script-ion c*» me along. What on earth coukl he have done but have gone to prison and stayed there He w ould have had to choose between the martyrdom of aiding in what he knew to be raving lunacy or going to prison and commiser- ating with himself that all he could do was to shriek a protest whenever the opportunity eanie i along. As Mr. Shaw disagrees with martyi-don) he could never have gone anywhere else but pri- son, where he would have read the Old Testa- ment in German and gnashed his teeth when he beard that rumours were abroad that he had been supported by the Rev. F. B. Meyer and was suspected as a reactionary who had an lin- conscious bias towards theology rather than philosophy. O'FLAHERTY, V.C." O'Flaberty, V.C. is splendid. He is afraid to see his mother because he's had the V.C. Buckingham Palace, and she's been believing lie was fighting for the Germans. He declares that his mother won the V.C. for him by bringinp: him up to believe that it was more dangerous to run away than to fight. "1 was timid by nature," he says, and when the other boys hinted me, I'd want to run away and ery. But she whaled me for disgracing tlie blood of the O'FIahe.rty's until I'd have fought the divil himself sooner than face her after funking a fight. That was how I got to know that fighting was ea-sier than it looked, and that the otiters was as much a-feared of me as I was of. them and that if I omly held out long enough tliey'd lose heart and give up. That's-tjie in-ay I came to be so courageous. I tell you, Sil- Pearce, if the German Army had been brought up by my mother, the Kaiser would be dining in the banquetting hall at Buckingham Palace this day, and King George polishing his jack- > boots for him in the scullery. And O'Flaherty rather than stay with his termagant mother and shrewish sweetheart prefers to go to the peace of the trenches. "THE BOLSHEVIK EMPRESS." The three 'other topical pieces are also wed done. It is characteristic of Mr. Shaw that he carefully went over the farce written during the war which had the Kaiser as its principal char- acter and deleted from the proof sheets every- thing that could be mistaken for a foul blow now that he is down." There is a great deal of wisdom crammed into the short Annaganska, the Bolshevik Empress." She wants no counter- revolution. She is 1-ebtiked by one of t'he generals and accused of uttering blasphemy. Blasphemy," she replies, all great truths begin as blasphemies. All the, king's horses and all the king's men cannot set up my father's throne again. If they could you would have done it, would you not? God knows I would," replies the Genera) You m-i-Ey mean that? she replies. "You would keep the people in their hopeless, squalid misery? You would fill those infamous prisons again with the noblest spirits in the land? You would thrust the rising sun of liberty hack into the sea of blood from which it has risen ? And all because there was in the middle of the dirt and ugliness and horror a little patch of court splendour in which you could stand with a few orders on your uniform and yawn day after day and night after night in unspeaka.ble boredom until your grave yawned wider still, and you fell into it because you had nothing better to do." But, after all, these pieces are hut fragments. We want something more complete, what we were promised in the introduction to Man and Superman," the elaboration of Mr. Shaw's philosophy into a comprehensive positive state- mera of faith. I EMKYS HUGHES. I [" Heartbreak House And othar plays, by Ber- nard Kfcaw. Constable, 7/6 nett.]