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Who was Rebecca? -.
Who was Rebecca? TO THE EDITOR OF THE Welth Gazette. Ac ar faes, lie curwyf ft, Coriaid fydd rhai cewri." DEWI WYN 0 EIFION. SIB — In yours of 20th December, Hywel impressed himself with the idea that he had frightened Gor- dofig out of his wits, and at the end of his letter patronizingly conseled him with the encouraging phrase that he can without fear pay his entire attention to the matter at issue." Instead of being Wider the least alarm or fear, I return to our sub- ject full of the same dashing spirit as animated our immortal Bard of Eifion, when the motto at the head of this, flowed from his pen. At the outset, however. I demand from Hywel an apolog^%hrough your columns, and a complete withdrawal of his criminal charge by implication, which be has made against ine, My grounds for that demand he shall, before the end, clearly see. This communica- tion is naore of a disertation on Mr Hywel's letter than a rejoinder. Therefore I proceed in a method- ical way. Introduction,—Mr Hywel, in opening his subject, has an introduction, although he does not call it by that name. He is very much in error, indeed, when he taunts Gordofig in his one column only of the Gazette with enbracing al- most every subject from the time of Isaao to the present." Those matters may be the very infinite- simal few that are found within the small circle of his own reading and knowledge, but are not nearly 1)()5 per cent within the horizon of general readers. He also introduces outside matters, and since it has beoofne an agonistical contest between us, ] hope it will not be uninteresting to your general leaders. John Jones is somehow or other as fond of a contest as John Bull. Their tastes as to the contestants are somewhat dissimilar. The best of the J. J.'s patronize the pen, the platform, and the press. The worst, even of the J. J.'s and very generally of the J.^B.'s patronize the prize ring, &c Mr Hywel starts by discharging what he calls his first duty is to thank Gordofig for his able letter." That was a repetition of the compliment he paid in his first. I do now also return thanks for his appreciation, and admit there is also in his own compositions-a certain or an uncertain amount of ability. My mentor, however, cautions me to be more ca: eful of his praises than even of his argu- ments and threats. There may be a pitfall or trap laid close by. For the second time, I have now to say that Hywel, in his next letter will have to dis- charge as his first duty and privilege—" The with- drawal of his criminal charge by implication against, Gordofig, and an ample and full apology for having mooted the same." Before I end 1 will repeat this demand for the third time in due form. But now for Mr Hywel's introduction.— Omani Glyndwr Coronated at Machynlleth.—Yes, Machynlleth is a real old town, and prides itseli on having same of its old Glyndwr Parliament House and also its Royal House. There are soi many old manuscripts in existence that probably Hywel has unearthed an unknown one, where he may have made the discovery that Glyndwr was "cOronated" at Machynlleth. Hitherto, his ad imrers and disciples were under the impression that he underwent the higher ceremony of being crowned ere. Standing at the clock tower in th celebrated, and now much beautified town, a trianje can be drawn. Its first side from Plas Machynlleth, to Pantlluclw, its second from Pant- lludw to the Standard Printing Office, and the third from thence to the first point, Plas, Machyn- lleth. In the Plas resides the illustrious, noble, wearer of a coronet, jwho is lineally decended from Llewellyn ab Iorwerth. In Pantllndw resides ai estimable, learned. and able lady, lineally des- cended" from Owain Glyndwr. Both the abov, ladies dwell amongst their own people in theii old ancestral homes, and arc the happy mothers 01 several grown upjable children all. At the Standarn Printing Office is the home of an exceedingly cievei young lady, descended—proved by a well digester authenticated record—from Llywarch Hen, wh, flourished more than fourteen centuries ago. Cat any other town, in North or South Wales, best tbi, Machvnlleth antiquarian record? Unfortunately I have to cast my pearls before—no, I won't finisl the quotation, but I trust there is no offence if I sa —before an incredulosity." There, sir, is a spon new English word the Gazette for the first tinn makes public. It is as good and grammatical a curiousity and monstrosity. Hywel" is such great doubter and disbeliever, that I for one don find my affirnity in him. Before I leave Glyndwr allow me to attempt to convince Hywel that hi certainly was a reality. A fortnight ago, I had th pleasure of accidentally meeting with Colonel Ruck of Pantlludw, or, as I gave the etymology of th house to his late lamented father—Pantlledwr. H accepted it, and dated his letters from the latte name. That stormy day of a fortnight ago. Colone •Ruck found the Dyfe-fri flood; therefore, could no t drive home, and bad to take the Corris Toy Rail way, which train had also to scud through th overflowing flood. I was glad to shake him by thi hand, and to find him in such excellent health an( spiTitstbe Carnarvonshire riots and call out o the military, notwithstanding. He (the Chie Constable of Cararvonshire) is through bis mothe: directly decended from Owain Glyndwr. I have it my possession, in her own handwriting, besides it print in Montgomeryshire Worthies," her ances tral line, culminating in Owain Glyndwr. She i, proud of and equally worthy of her descent. A; a matter of recent historical fact, a grandchih of Mrs Ruck's was united in marriage to a des cendant, lineally of Glyndwr's great chum, con federate and opponent, Harry Hotspur. When Hi: Royal Hjghn&ss the Prince of Wales visitec Machynlleth to open the University of Wales a Aberystwyth, he as.the guest of Lady London derry. Mrs Ruck came out in her true Welsl colours, donned her ancestry, and decked. he Royal House in the town of which at that tim< she was sole owner. Her loyalty to her Queen anr Crown induced her to unfurl on the highest poin £ >f honour the Union Jack and the Standard 0: England but a little 1 ,wer down, fully as con, spicuous, the banner of Wales and Glyndwr's flag o Y Ddraig Goch a Ddyry Gychwyn." It was sight to see the Red Dragon rampant, wit! clenched claw, defying the British Lion. I toot several important people to look at it with admira £ 4ton. And His Royal Highness, passing it at least Cijjbui- times, could not help smiling. Yes, sir Glyndwr was a reality and Cefncaer. as well a "Taliesin Penbeirdd." who, through my reading; and communings with, 1 happen to know am: admire .Jar better than I know Hywel. Accom- panied'by friends. I have visited his grave at (j fPen^r^klu, a spot sacred to every Welsh lover ol /i-vhis pedplfe. language, and country. Just as Robert Louis Stevenson selected in his lifetime a burying place near the top of a mountain in view of his Samoan home. so did Taliesin, select his gravt i'liar • aw/Lyi the hill by Pensarn, but in view 01 Gwynfryn. Mi a fum yn y Gwynfryn Yn Llys Cynfelyn, And near it now, if not over his re- mains, 'rests in eternal, solemn calmness jarrd is, his-gravestone slab, a facsimile of the stone, at. Uie Saviour's grave in Joseph's garden. This alasujf' slab is now overcovered with the engra-CecFrtames4 of visitors of many generations. pff\iia^/tp\»?arch hard for an inch to inscribe my o&ntriitralsr I dowfc say that Taliesin was an eye- witness? of Joseph's garden grave, but I maintain his friers and including Arch- ci-jbishop DaVid-t-wbom we I;" Welsh of the present day iMotM tomfoolery dub -)1 David," ann twrn his fete d^y* first ofillrch, into a national drinking cjirnival—were eye-witii'ves. The only two ap- .propria^ functions, #h*> = .iy two worthy of the h-tigions character and abilities of 'Arbhbish<>p*'JDavid, are the annual 'a<IWChuFch•ofrKtfgtau^'SMvWOjfii. St.. Paul's Cathedral, ftfittfloid Nonconform!^ Fret Church Assemblies an^jjy held at the City r- TempiJ The Free Churches of Christ of the presen"11 day have as great a share of, and as great an! 'Jit&ifesl in^ tjrhe .iiiestinp: i ^talue of the services! AnihbishV^k k f to the Welsh p^opUj as any of the. jjftate, Ch^yisp. This, sir, is only h portion of a seven hour V'Vjf- I have on Taliesin Bepld," but deliv d an hour at a time. UcTi1 I. happen to be tne owner Of'possibfy-rife*nl4- Maglonian Roman came to Mont- gomeryshire to iliscBarg'" #St? ftottiaft soldiers' pay. ~It-wat!,fh|)^v^«r,irIipb vpn^Jttt-Csfncaer, nor at at Maglond,' but at tMitf ct,:4c Stitroni,^ Caersws. It gMf.Otas 'presents to me ,;L>4vj't2»g discoverer, out of a dozen which I aaw fciget'r! «/"■ 'fie, fxJOlV good man, is dead asnd- buried,' art'? j.i'f-ttM 'lother coins havt| ,atl4frtcf ,a^tr^v: Jffye. fnaryt-rmfigfy,, Abe^r» >in cx:;cl-? lent, image of Claudius C rsar. "t'doH't 'know by| what right or usage Tour correspondent signs] ^^joifnseif'i<r Hy^el." I ftb.'Hik^ha-iiren-iihece is.smotherfe tfyWel1" ih'YHfe'Seld^fiite'Whtvnft I !verySwjel3 knmv! as one of the most 'fct&PPli- ing Welshmen. H<* Howell, late _.vtayor of .Welshpool, andj who, to commemorate i .!> Mayorality cTffT" ^uc'r.| princrfy'a^.s'1 for the A)iai(US(j £ jthe town. Ii J apprecia'i<in of that, ami .ihcnv my person;iM«-e-g spect for him and hi^la fu* ?.w-r, I am presefSnga jr.hini with ,my ,,Rotiiai\, y and he prowl',fs| 'Jt' t<> the^PiwysiatfdT ^1' ) s^]^L^ru;| Sgecisufu/c»i.a/HoweHvy-)v\1e^tm.dfid7ro!p|i| gfest lawgiver, Hywel trhi: '?.VklP«v6iks, bis^»Mj is Hvwei'*«;Y^ Af«lnd f Vtei«ji&»)ver). A Io:Mi)!i| coiffc'inuous useful life torhiin. I dwell on thi- Wo'l-'S .because he. kn.. A-:?u?»me bettfc.M!aiiS 'l//T*el," never \to ;t;- ISap^e addn o* .tft uieinihc s.-j;aager '• For the present I use rnyV?'vian coihas my &tlis-ja? man. corriefbifig to fdel!>• Idiiulfe/iiaqd t •Tj'ije.sfti*i5t#rd(t"|l*Tf: __V;AVD ybu'r v-4.1; 1$ I as. h ■v/-1css ease for con *n. It is hi 'If; f I shoi: i1 ^ic^riiaJ'C^ICI t4 n1J XKa'iv/i < .vAxnniA '.ffar..Tio,t,S T ..1', have been following Hywel long around his ring, one of his own creation. I shall not be long in giving my finishing strokes. He has analysed my communication, and doubts its accuracy." Be it so. I cannot now remember its being questioned before. Mr Hywel" cannot see that I have been able to substantiate a primafacie case of the claim of Mr Hugh Williams to the leadership of the Rebecca riot. There are a host of others who can, and have seen; and all that "Hywel" brings forward in what he supposes is opposing my statements, in reality confirm them. I did not bring fdWfrard the name of Mr W." as a witness. Hywel implies that it was he who supplied Gordofig" with sufficient evidence to convince him that Mr Hugh Williams was no other person than the noted Rebecca. Nothing of the kind. I require no witness nor document to back my statements. I stand or fall by my own assertions that it was from the veritable Hugh Williams him- self that I received the information, and that it waa from the attitude of the same Hugh Williams on two occasions that I accepted the statement as the very truth. The first was his behaviour in the pre- sence of the two celebrated Bow Street detective officers, to whom I quite accidentally introduced him, and when I introduced them in return be actually paled before them, and became quite nervous. They did not notice this as I did myself, as after mutual salutations they became engrossed in the game of whist they were playing. But I cook close note of all. The other incident was the return of Hugh Williams Irom Carmarthen to Machynlleth,, and hiding himself in his father's house and elsewhere for one space of at least three vveeks. The guilty flees. If not guilty, why should he flee 1 Those two facts are the convincers of my mind. And there they have indelibly been stamped for ovtr half a century. Hywel's blunders and limiterlknowledge of Law and facts.—Under five heads. Hywel" broaches his own theory and facts, and fiction, to disprove that Hugh Williams was the veritable Rebecca, and to prove that one Thomas Rees was the first Rebecca. I am in this happy frame of mindthat I can accept, and do accept this narrative of Thomas Rees' exploits. That and similar accounts at the time were given without giving names, &c. Land others, through the press, were made acquainted with the general history. But it is very evident that Hywel" did not, and does not know alt. He introduced himself to your readers as an old friend of the late Hugh Williams." If so, he must now be an old man. In the course of his letters, his assumed friendshi becomes small by degrees and beautifully less." There are friends and friends, and degrees of friendship. A level-headed man, keen observer, and well weigher of character and dispositions, decides who amongst his friends he can trust with his secrets, and who also he can- not trust and confide in. Hywel" being to me, a total stranger, I can only judge how far he could be trusted with a secret, by his writings, and declarations in such. Hugh Williams was a keen judge of human nature. Hugh Williams en- trusted Gordofig with his great secret. And as time went on and his plan of campaign becoming likely to succeed, it was very evident he was desir- ous that posterity should know of his share in the work. "Hywel "maintains "that this statement cannot be admitted as an absolute fact" unless, amongst other things. I produce, or, ffiore correctly, am prepared to produce a written document from Mr Hugh Williams in favour of my assertion." To satisfy Hywel" it should be something, I surmise, to the following purport :—"I, the undersigned, Hugh Williams, &c., hereby certify that I am the lonnder of the plan of The Rebecca Campaign, &e., Surely, "Mr Hywel," after all, must take Hugh Williams to be a veritable fool. No, sir, he .vas not equal to that. He was' a compatriot of Daniel O Connel, the great Irish Liberator, whose noast was that he could drive a coach and six through every Act of Parliament." And the latter iid, for though charged with high crimes and mis-I lemeanours, and found guilty in the Irish Criminal Courts, the findings, on appeal, were quashed."1 As paradoxcal as it may sound, it was Hugh Williams' high aim to found a constitutional plan oi campaign against an universal grievance. The lestruction of property outside the gates, and, in- deed, the destruction of even the gates themselves, went beyond bis advice and control. He was present and took part in unhinging and flooring the oil gates. If Thomas Rees was anything he wa lot the first Rebecca, but the eldest daughter." 1 endorse what Hywel" says regarding tht derivation of the appellation Rebecca." I nevei heard Hugh Williams connect it with Gen. xxi.v— 70 (not vix., if you please. li Mr Hywel "-verse are never quoted under your numbers,) Hywel' blames Gordofig for keeping this statement of Rebecca history without making it known during the lifetime of Hugh Williams. Hywel" it wrong in this fact there. Gordofig, under the im, pression that his own life was drawing to a close did disclose this secret to the learned author of Montgomeryshire Worthies," as he knew that a biography of Hugh Williams was in preparation tc appear after the death of the latter. Out of ad- miration of the force of character of Hugh Williams he did entrust the secret to R. W. Esq., F.R.H.S., and it is in that way the secret came out. In the next place, Hywel" coupling the name of 1\11 N. with Gordofig, asks why did they not give evidence before the Commission, or give, Mc." The latter Mr W. is a living, h'-ile Mr L. W.. 1Hand not the above Mr R. W. In introducing the HDyal Commission. Mr Hywel has put his foot into it. Through my worthy friend, Mr R. W., ,■ be secretary of the Royal Commission got to know that I held the secret of Hugh Williams, ctnd wrote to me asking for my information. Under Hi be protection given to witnesses in the Queen's Warrant, I testified what I knew and received thanks for it. Here, I am entitled to ask who and IV hat is Mr Hywel" that he should override and .jB ry to overrule the Queen's supremacy ? If be is ven the Lord Lieutenant, or High Sheriff or Under rHsheriff of the County he is not entitled to call HGordofig to account. On the contrary, he is strictly ^Hji'orbidden to do so. Or give information to the tH't'/<or>tic.i."—Ay, there is ;the rub. Traduce the itlau who trusted me as a true friend, entrusted his information to me, under the strictest confidence fjj-hat I would keep it as long as was necessary. A ^privileged communication—The safe keeping of ijHit was the result of my life's training from child- -Hjhood upwards by God and man. I gather from -HHywel's remarks that he could reconcile it with his conscience to deliver up bis old friend to the "authorities." Iconic not. I am tbe cbilrl of my grandfather by adoption and training, who, had be been now alive, would have been 150 years old, lIld preached to me when in my tenth year the gospel of succouring the patriot and the oppressed. repeatedly had he fed and in stormy days (not nights, for the night was their time of travel from ■ Ireland to London and Paris, before the construc- ion of the present Holyhead road) has fed and succoured Edward Fitzgerald, Wolf Tone, Arthur, O'Connor, and others. He has also been the con- lident of the Government of Russia, not in poli- tical matters, but social and commercial. All the; ■above was well known to bis neighbours. Instead ■of being lowered in their estimation by his sym- pathetic work. b was looked up to, and was on ■ very friend iy terms with his celebrated neighbour, i L'homas Pennant, the historian, and Moses Grittitb, his right hand man. Hywel has quotedl Scripture. I will also quote my Scriptural training For God hath not given us the spirit of fear, but ■: he spirit of power, aud of love.and of a sound mind." Whether my training was right or whether it was wrong, there it is. I have gone through the worldi without favour or fear—but with a love of man and! ■a stable mind—that is the way I have won the very! ■general confidence of all who have known me.j ■Even the late Emperor Louis Napoleon, when hej ■was plain Prince, was not afraid of confiding in mej that he had his eye on the Throne of France. We; bave met together al.out the time of my London chatS; with Hugh Williams; we met at a great financial house. He was financing for an empire, and I fori a mine. Some ten years later I had the privilege. Band pleasure, when on a business visit 4o Paris, to] ■see his throne room, and for a few minutes to sit! on his very throne, and'to study the circumvolution] Hof man. This%is only one other instance of men] ■putting their trust in me. I could repeat it from] ■many quarters of the globe—white man, black man,' jfflred man, and cross-ond man. Ha, it was a great^ JHtempration, but it looked like hanging Hugh' ■ Williams to give information to the authorities.]] ■Here, Mr Editor. I enclose the printed copy of the^ ■Queen's Proclamation iu connection with thei Reilccca Riots, which a very valued friend has sent me daring t.his controversy. "Give illforma- Üon to the authorities"; yes, says "Mr Hywel," and thereby gain the reward of nothing less than M £500, which was offered. Forfrwpately, Gordong, glthea, a very young profe.-tsional man, was occupingj Bthree different situation* at tb<# same time. He! was commencing a romantic four years' courts hip J Igwhich ia due time cu'iiiinatfed in a happy marriages |gof forty-six years duration. He was also doing! IJplatt'orni service for his three ''aunties." Could hel [lever, after giving "Hywel's" advice to thei ^authorities, hold up liy Lead in any part of the jjjworid ? Decidedly not. He thinks he could loseS mi hand and lose a hei+d, but never yet has he lost! ifhis self respect, or the U.ve qt others by bet raying* trustworthy friend. Briefly from this ir. t'lu endjj ^Gordofig joins issue with Hywel on all his fivel ij|points. Firstly, tbe freedom of turnpike roads \jM |jWales was not brought about by tbe Act 51-52p SVi'-t. C. 41. W.n! that act did was to legaliztjg fall Hugh William. w.-rk, and to condone anything* ?h(! did wjbng. It was an act passed by Queen,n gLori's. amd Commons. Tbe great Sin Robert fetl.H I'vhen lie finally passed Free Trade, fcr Corn Law! ijpiU. trumpeted it forth in the House bf CommolJs, T' The honour of repealing the Corn Laws, and sog &fctapening the food of the people, is due notj ?fo Eobfl^ Peel Cthen"Prime'JIinister), nor to John! Jr\i:ssel. bvHt to Richard Cobden.. So also it might! il; said the bringing about of the free tnrlJpike r-witW-tbe drawing attention to their unreasonable^ 1", -vv tMls, the fos erinu' and ripening of a strpngSj ed universal public opinion, that public opipionfl ••• t ( -r;r: which finally succeeded in its objects and aims, as not due to the act named, but to the long agitation led on by Hugh Williams. Secondly, That there were four gates demolished in Car-I marthenshire before Mr Hugh Williams bad removed from Machynlleth to St. Clears." Gordofigfl will not deny that. But the towns of Machynlleth, Newtown, and Llanidloes are not so very far fromlj Carmarthen. Hugh Williams was doing things in those towns before he actually removed to Carmarthen to reside at St. Clears. As Alt Hywel" was on friendly terms with H. W. did be make the acquaintance of old Uncle DiHe hud gome business transactions at Carmarthen. He was a play-fellow of Hugh William- and began io preach Hugh to the people of Carmarthen, and when he returned to his home at Machynlleth preached the fine opening at Carmarthen. In that way Hugh Williams visited Carmarthen and de- veloped his plan of campaign before he went there to be married and finally reside there. Thirdly, was always in command on horseback dressed as a female,.with blackened face." There may have been a Rebeccaite officer in command as above described, but the real head Rebecca—the real Count Von Moltke of the campaign—to my information, and not to my knowledge, never took such command in that way. He, whenever in the field, was civilly dressed, and would approve of nothing more than flooring" the gates. I never got to know that he advised the use of deadly weapons. Fourthly, That Mr Hugh Williams was never present at the demolition of any of the tol gates." Were Gordofig in a position to cross- examine Hywel," he would first ask, Never?" I might have one or two replies. The facetious reply given in a popular play—" Well, hardly ever "—or he might emphasise by replying." No, never." 1 hope it is true to the letter, always bearing in mind .1 Hywel" uses demolition," I use flooring." Fifthly, That the first Rebecca was Thomas Rees, f Mynachlog Ddu, &c." This assertion has been ealt with before." Further on, Hywel" informs us that he is prepared to admit that all the legal work for the rioters was done by Mr Hugh Wil- liams after his removal to St Clears, and that all the petitions were formally drawn by him. The Leaders waited vpon him at his office, &c., &c. Please print that admission as I have underlined it What leaders 1 The criminal demolishers of the gates ? Those transactions must have been known to someone. This important admission it- given by Hywel." Is it treason if I ask how and why was this information not given to the authori- ties, and the leaders arrested ? Yes, the leaders did meet there. That I have had from Mr Hugh Williams. These leaders were, some of them, re- spectable well-to-do people, and well educated. I whom was the most proper, most likely, and most reliable person to act as leader Rebecca. Thomas Rees of Pembrokeshire, a great muscular pugilist, a frequenter of fairs and festivities, lor rounds ol fights, &c? Surely such a character was an un- a frequenter of fairs and festivities, for rounds to educated man, whom no well-to-do respectable man would be guided by. Or a well-educated lawyer, whose glory was to champion and defend publicly with all the weight of bis purse, and all the weighi of hi legal position, all those misguided and patriots who found themselves caught within thi meshes of the law '1, Patriotism and action took very high flights in those days. Many had to pay the penalty. In the great, majority of cases Hugh Williams was the defender. In that capacity lit also had to pay what was to .him a heavy penalty. 1: was notorious in many circles of that day, even in the House of Commons chat, that Hugh Wil- liams, the brother-in-law of Cobden, was too much mixed up with certain movements. In the up- rising of Cobden's. tide of success, the Tory Pro- tectionists of that day attempted to fasten on Cobden some connection with his brother-in-law, Hugh Williams. Something, if they could, to damage his bright character. It entirely failed, but the scheme was so well known to Cobden that jit ended in such an estrangement that they never [afterwards spoke to each other. Let not Hywel [lay the flattering unction to his soul '•that'Gor- | do tig is propounding some perfectly and universally [unknown theory," as he calls it, when he claims the liiebecca leadership for Hugh Williams, in opposi- n to the claim of Thomas Rees of Mynaculog- .Wu, or any other Tom, Dick, or blackfaced Harry. It is within my own knowledge, that even in the most recent years, it has been whispered or! •• suspected that Cobden bad committed himseli in some way to the ways of Rebecca Hugh Wil- liams. It gave me the greatest pleasure to refute absolutely no connection whatever. No one blamed1 Hugh Williams more severely than Cobden. Henct their estrangement. Hywel's Law.—One conclud- ing paragraph on this subject. Where did Hywel" tind such bad law as to concoct or sooner indict Gordofig himself for being an accessory after the fact ? It was not the law of England, even 50 years ago, nor now. Gordofig' was not present in person at any Rebecca previous meeting, raid, nor succeeding meeting. 'Gordofig' never harboured I the person of Hugh Williams. There is. all the difference in the world, and in the law, between barbouring a name and harbouring a person. There- fore, never having seen the demolishing of a single gate, never abetted, never concealed the person of Hugh Williams, declares emphatically, but in full confidence, that he was not an instigator before the fact, nor an accomplice during the fact, nor surely an accomplice after the t." And for the third, and last time. I demand front'Hywel,' through your columns, anample apology aim a com- plete withdrawal of his criminal charge, by im- plication, which he has made against me. He may be a lawyer himself. In this case, he had better consult a brother professional. He who conducts his own case has a &c. I remind him there are courts open to me as an injured party. Finally,! have, at least, half a dozen friendly Members of Parliament who would be ready and glad to take up my case and I have at least another half dozen1 of friendly Peers of the Upper House who wouldl take up my case. 'Let him bear in mind the Bar of the House and the Clock Tower. It is time also '8Bhe should appear under his proper name. The ■personality of Gordofig" is well-known. As a general rule he signs his written articles with that name. He is entitled, through B.D.B.Y.P., to wear that novi de plume, as he received it on the pa" Gorsedd." In ending this matter with this com- munication, tie will, however, sign his name and address in full, wishing, but not hoping, that Hywel is such a true bred gentleman that he will jl|do the same. I will, however, to relieve bis ^susceptibility, accept the apology, if full and com- plete, signed by 'Iiyvvel' only "Teh darlleiiwyr 011, a'F-Golygydd yn ben, ■ "Blwycldyn Newydd Dcla i chwi, ■ A ehanrif ar ei chetn hi." ■ GORDOFIG," S3 EDWARD DAVIES. /a! Dolcaradog, Machynlleth. II 15th January, 1901.
Dovey and Mawddach Board ■of…
Dovey and Mawddach Board ■ of Conservators. ■ A meeting of the Board of Conservators of th Dovey, Mawddach ana Glaslyn Fishery District was held at the Police Station, Barmouth, on Thurs- day, Jan. 17th, there being present, Dr John Jones (chairman), presiding, Messrs W. R. M. Wynne, Edmund Buckley, Edward Rowland, W. P. Thomas. Lewis Lewis, John Evans, G. Parry Jones, Morris Thomas, D. S. Jones, and John Davies, with W. R. Davies (clerk). 9 CORRESPONDENCE. 19 A letter was read from Colonel Norton, in which he stated that while fishing he had been asked for tie association certificate, which he had not got, but he stated that he had a license. H In reply to Mr Buckley, the Clerk said that, Col. Norton did not say whether he had the license on his person or not. ■ The Chairman said it ought to be understood that persons who held licenses should have them with them when fishing, so as to be able to produce them when asked:to do so by authorised persons. A WATER BAILIFF'S REPORTS. 9 Evan Evans, water bailiff, reported that owing to continual rain the river Dovey was flooded during October ar.d November. Owing to this the fish awent up the river earlier than usual to the spawning ■beds. During the end of October and November be watched and examined the upper tributaries, and found sewin and trout plentiful, and in his opinion a good supply for the main river could be obtained frum these sources. He found traces of the otter in the Cerist and the Dovey, and found fish partly eaten by otters. During the last fortnight the river had become smaller owing to the dry weather. In the pools he saw a large number of large fish, but 50 p.er cent. of them were diseased, being veryfi badly marked. On December 29th he pulled out a fish, dead from disease, weighing twenty pounds, and burried it. On January 15th he saw a fish dead by the sipe of the riVer having been partly eaten at the breast. He thought it had been eaten by a dog, as otters killed fish at the neck. I Mr Morris Thomas asked, on behalf of the bailiff, if be could pull the tbll out of the river if they diseased. S The Clerk replied that it woidd be illegal. In another district when the wktchers were allowed retake out the diseased fish they were not Yery particular whether they were diseased or not. B THE SALE OF LICENSES. B The Clerk stated that as the fishing season would begin in February, it was thought advisable that the licenses should be sold at more places than they were obtainable at present. He thought that trout licenses should be sold where salmon licenses were not, as it was a pity that in some places good fishing was near, but, a license could not be within a convenient distance. The Post Office waspf a suitable place Where they could be sold. |5 The Chairman and 4he Clerk were appointed as a committee to consider what places would be moat suitable, with pewer to act in the matter. THE GLARSBOVEY RAILWAY BRIDGE. Mr Morris Thomas proposed that as the Cambrian Railways Company contemplated building a fixed bridge instead of the present draw-bridge over the river near Glandovey Junction, thereby stopping any necessary traffic up the river in future, the ,j->ard send in a petition-against the building of the bridge. Mr Buckley thought it unnecessary to send such petition, as it had nothing, ta do with them. It .uld not dc any harm to the fish. He proposed at no petition be sent. The propositions having, been seconded both resolutions were put to the: meeting, when three voted for the former, and sua for the latter.
The Dovey Bridge.
The Dovey Bridge. TO SWING, OR NOT TO SWING, THAT'S THE QUESTIQJF. At a meeting of the Montgomery County Council at Welshpool on Friday under the presidency ot Air A. C. Humphreys-Owen, M.i.P., communications were considered from Merioneth County Council, Machynlleth Urban and Rural Councils, and Isy. garreg Parish Council, objecting to the Cambrian Company's proposal to convert. the swing bridge at Glandovey into a fixed bridge. Mr Humphreys-Owen withdrew from the chair during thediscussion, because of his connection with the;Cambrian Company as chairman of the directors, and Captain Mytton presided. The County Surveyor, in a repeat on the subject, stated that the drawbridge in question crossed the deep-water channel of thH river Dovey belpw Glan- dovey junction station, and the county of Mont- gomery. extended half way across the channel. The interest of the county in the matter appeared 10 be local rather than general^ and it centred in the fact that the river Dovey had from ancient time been a tidal waterway between the seaport of Aberdovey and the inland port or quay of Derwen- as near Machynlleth, and also formed the-only line of communication which could complete for heavy traffic with the Cambrian. Railways. Twenty years ago, he was informed, slates, lead, and copper used to be carried down for shipment at Llyn-y- Cwtra (Pennal), and persons at the latter place considered that a siding or station should he made if the bridge was closed. From careful inquiry on the spot, he believed there had been no nscessity to open the drawbridge on account of traffic for the last ten or fifteen years. Mr Humphreys-Owen said Mr Denniss, the general manager of the Cambrian Railways, had an interview with the Macbynlleth Urban Council, and the better plan would be for Mr Rd. Rees, as a member of the Council, who was present,_to explain what took place there (hear,, hear). Mr Rees explained that the Council were prepared to consider the matter if the Company would meet chem by granting certain concessions. They asked cor two things; first an abatement of rates, and he mentioned in this connection that the Company at che present time charged more for goods consigned (rom the commercial centres to Machynlleth than obey did to Aberystwyth* twenty miles further, l'he Council further asked that the Company should advertise Machynlleth, in the same way as Dolgelley and other towns. Mr Denniss could not give a definite answer to the points raised at the. time, but he had promised again to discuss the matter with the Council on the following Monday. Mr Itees added that there was a strong feeling throughout the country that ihose waterways should be kept open, because although they were not used now they did not know what might turn up in future years. At present that waterwaj was the only opposition they tiad to the Cambrian Railways, and if it was closed the Company would, have a complete monopoly the traffic. At the of his remarks Mr Rees handed in a resolution passed by the Board of Conservators at a meeting this week protesting against a fixed bridge. The Conservators pointed out that the Cambrian Railway Company were erecting a swing bridge at Barmouth, and as the same engines had to pass over the Glandovey bridge there wereno reasons why a swing bridge should not be placed there also. They added that an important reason for making no distinction was that formerly there were considerably more sailing vessels going up the Dovey than up the Mawddach. Mr G. Kempster expressed the opinion that the Council should not acquiesce in the proposals oi che Company. He said a large amount of the rate- payer's money was being spent in the construction of light railways in the county, all of which would ultimately be under the control of the Cambrian Railways Company, and there would be no opposi- tion. throughout the county save the Shropshire Union Canal as far as Newtown. He thought they should preserve all possible competition. Mr Humphreys-Owen, speaking only on behalf of the Company, said the Barmouth swing bridge was forced upon them at the cost of £ 2Q,QQ0 or £30,000. Of course they could not dream of spending a similar amount on Glandovey bridge, and if the proposal was insisted upon it would put an end to the whole thing. He also pointed out that the Dovey would still be navigable for small steamers and barges if the bridge was fixed. As Mr Rees had fairly pointed out, the matter was not one ofl paramount importance, inasmuch as the Urbani Council of Machynlleth were prepared to accept! certain concessions. Therefore, he suggested that the matter should now be deferred, in order that the officers of the Railway Company might further confer with the representatives of the various public bodies concerned. The Vice Chairman thought the closing of the navigation of the river Dover would be a serious detriment to the future interests of the inhabitants of that district. At the same time they were very glad to hear that the Cambrian Railways CompanYI were making improvements (hear, hear). On the suggestion of Mr A. W. Pryce-Jones, the matter was referred to the following Committee toj report:—Messrs R. Jones, T. Watkin, G. KempsterJ R. Rees, W. F. Addie, A. W. Pryce-Jones, and Ej Ashton.
PENLLWYN. PULPIS.—Principal Prys, M.A., Trecca, occu- pied the pulpit of the C. M., Chapel on Sunday evening week* last and preached a powerful and edifying sermon. CLERICAL.—The Rev M. Morgans, Vicar, has IPENLLWYN. appointed the Rev D. Jones, formerly curate to Canon Williams, Llangefni, to the curacy of Goginan. Mr Jones commenced his duties Sunday last. PRAYER MEETINGS.—During the last fortnight prayer meetings were held every evening at this place in common with other localities. Much faithfulness was shown by adults and young people in attending the meetings. CALL.—The members of the Ponterwyd C.M. Chapel have unanimously decided to invite Mr John Edwards, Blaengeffordd, to the pastorate of the chapel which has been vacant since the departure of the Rev W. G. Jones for Neuadd, Llanidloes. PROMOTION.—Mr Thomas Jones. Felin, Rbiw- arthen, has been appointed DistrictSuperintenden of the Pearl Assurance Co. at Newtown. He has therefore to leave his native place where he was very popular with all classes. OBITUARY.—The death took place on Tuesday of Mrs Catherine Grilfiths, Penlanoleu, at the advanvced age of ninety years. Her husband died only last summer. She was one of the oldest inhabitants in the parish and had resided here for about half a century. The interment was made on Saturday at Llan Bangor Churchyard when the RevsdD. Morgan and M. Morgans, vicar, officiated. BlMONtHtT MEETING.—The Bimonthly meeting of the Penllwyn District was held on Sunday, Jan. 13th, at Dyffryn chapel, under the presidency of the Rev D. Morgan. THe children were catebiied in the morning meeting by Mr D. Evans, C. M., and Mr Wm. Evans, Ponterwyd. Two addresses were elivered in the afternoon by Mr Abram Hopkins, Dewi, and Mr E. D. Morgan, Penllwyn. It was decided to hold Sasstwn y Plant on the morning of the day of the Musical Festival. Several matters were transacted. SCHQQ* BOABTV—The ordinary meeting of the Melindwr Schael Board was held at the Penllwyn 8choolrop on Thursday evening, present: Mr T. James, J.F., Aelybryn, chairman, Mr J. Parry, vice- man, Rev M. Morgans, Mr J. Morris, Rev D. Morgan. Clerk, Schoolmasters of Penllwyn and Goginan schools and the Attendance Officers of both schools. Among oLher matters the list of absentees was gone through and direction were given to the Attendance Officers to have tbe children to attend more regularly. The Schoolmasters reported that the schools had been inspected by H. M. Inspector. READING ROOM.—A committee of the membersB of this Institute was held on Monday evening ofB last week. The Rev D. Moigan presided. TheB accounts of the concert recently held in aid of the funds of the room showed that the concert badfl been a financial success. Votes of thanks wereB passed to Principal Rhys, Oxford, Principal Prys.B Trefecca, and the Rev T Richard, Cardiff, foiB their valuable subscriptions. Mr Richards alsoH presents the room with a South Wales daily paper.S Votes of thanks were also accorded to Mr Hughe.-8 Bonsall, Glanrheidiol; Mrs Rees, Old Vicarage; Rev M. Morgans, and Miss Sylvanus, Aberystwyth. for providing the institution with magazines. Itli is to be hoped that the members will devote mosili of their time in reading and other edifying practices. In doing so the reading room wiilB provfc. a source of blessing to the neighbourhood. gs
Business Notices. f qammganshire (YüIAGK WORKS J. G. WILLIAMS, PRACTICAL CARRIAGE BUILDER, DJMTE STRUT, | £ Kaaar Railway Station,) !A B E R Y S T W Y T H. NEW GASLRI&GES of own Manufacture on hand, of litet Material and Finest work- manship throughout. Rubber Tjrea fitted to all Vehicles if required. J. G. WiujAjae, umibMt inspection of works, which is the largest and best equipped in the county. PRIVATE .ADD13, BAKER STREET DAVID HOWELL, GENERAL DRAPERY ESTABLISHMENT. 334 35, GREAT DARKGATE ST" AKD 2, MARKET STREET I ABERYSTWYTH I WLSH j^UNNELS AND SHAWLS CABPETS AND LINOLEUMS. W. R. JONES WATCHMAKER I JEWELLER, &C„ 3,2, Great Darkgate Street, ABERYSTWYTH A large AasortmMt of JBWELLBRY, in Gold Silver, and Peblelee, Suitable for Presents, kc., alao LADIES' AND QBNTT GOLD AND SILVEB WATCHES SPECTACLES AND EYE-GLASSES TO ISUIT ALL SIGHTS. A Cood Assortment of WBODING, Khbfbr, GJlK Rives. FURNITURE. TURNITURE. I FURNITURE. FURNITURE. TURNITURE. J, JL. EVANS, (TITMl'LEfiatluU^ll'iJit.NiSilEt; CABINET MAKER UPHOLSTEKER R E A T JQ ABKGATE j^TREET. ^BERYSTWYTH. FURNITURE: FURNITURE, FURNITURE DAYID WATKINS, WOHKMIOFJ: SEA VIEW PLACE. PBITATB ADDWWS r FURNITURE: FURNITURE, FURNITURE DAVID WATKINS, WOHKMIOFJ: SEA VIEW PLACE. PBITATB ADDWWS r CUSTOM-HOUSE STRHET PAINTER, PLUMBER, PAPERHANGER, GLAZIER AND HOUSE DECORATOR, CHOICE ASSORTMENT OF PAPER- HANGINGS ALWAYS IN STOCK. SHEET LEAD PIPES, CISTBBKS, b., BARGAINS ønB LATEST AND BEST JACKETS, CAPES, WATERPROOFS, AT D. NUN DAVIES' Drapery and Millinery Establishment, COMMERCE HOUSE. LAMPETER. HOLLIEITS I COMMERCE HOUSE, g JJRIDGE gTREET & QUEE:¡ jj|j FOR S FANCY GOODS AND CYCLEWJ ACCESSORIES I _n' Business Notice H UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF SOUTH WAL Bj AND MONMOUTHSHIRE, CARDIFF. B SCHOOL OF MEDICINE. I ^4 LL CLASSES are open to both Men- aneH Women Students who may spend three outjH of their five years of .Medical Study at this College. special Courses are- held in preparation for the examinations for a Diploma in Public Health and also for Sanitary Inspectors. Information regarding Fees and a Prospectus- oi the School of Medicine may be obtained on application to the- DBAN OF: THB FACULTY: OF MEDICINE. R. 0.- RICHARDS, TAILOR, Hatter,, Hosier,, and General Outfitter. LADIES' COSTUMES A SPECIALITY. ABERDOYEY. YOUR FAVORS RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED TEMPERANCE COMMERCIAL HOTEL STATION" TERRACE, LAMPETER. I Two Minutes walk from the Railway Station. 1 WELL-AIBED BEDS. BATH ROOM. CHARGES MODBRAWB PROPBIBTEKSS—MES S. A, WALTERS. I WORTH A GUINEA A BOX. I aVECHAb!JQ pJ.D PMJLS tIt" 9 FOR ALL BILIOUS NERVOUS DISORDERS SICK HEADACHE, CONSTIPATION, WEAK STOMACH, WIND, IMPAIRED DIGESTION, DISORDERED LIVER, and | FEMALE AILMENTS. [ANNUAL SALE, SIX MILLION BOXES. In Boxes, Is ld, and 2s 9d each, with full directions. The Is lid box contains 56 Pills. Prepared only by the Proprietor— THOMAS BEECHAM. ST HELENS, LANCASHIRE IGA L YANISED SHEEP NETTING AND STANDARDS. AT LOW PRICES, RICHARD MORGAN GENERAL GROCER, Q.REAT jQARKGATE gTREET ^JBEBYSTWYTH. RICHARD MORGAN GENERAL GROCER, CORN & FLOUR MERCHANT, GREAT jQARKGATE STREET ABERYSTWYTH. EARLY FORCING BULBS I EARLY FORCING BULBS. Extra Selected for Forcing, Planting, &c. OUR ROMAN HYACINTHS. Early Single Pure White. A Speciality. Always a big success. tiARLY BLUE ROMAN HYACINTHS ITALIAN HYACINTHS. rjarly White, Early Mountain White, Double Eaady Rose and Early Straw Coloured. NARCISSUS. Large-flowered Paper White Polyanthus Narcissus. Double Roman Polyanthus Narcissus. ILIUM CANDIDIJM. LILIUM IIARRISII. FREEZIA REFRACTA ALBA, &c. Specially Selected Bulba for tour High-class Retail Trade. Bulb Catalogue issued early in August. CLIBRANS', Manchester A Altrincham WHOLESALE AND RETAIL CONFECTIONER. Aoæ-r FOR BARRETT'S LONDON CONFACRRESBBGY FINEST SELECTION OF NOVELTIES FILLED WITH OHCCOLATK FROM THE LEADING IRMS. GOOD ACCOMMODATION CYCLISTS 1 Most Central uPlace in Town I NOTH THE ADDRESS:— B MORGANS' I sigiKlass Conrectiontrp SfOrS. OPPOSITE THE TOWN CLOCK. H Tea Rooms and Refreshments. I c. LUMLEY & SON, 1 COAL, COKE, AND LIME MERCHANTS, |1 MACHYNLLETH, | Sole Agents for the Celebrated Goulding's ram. Agents for Price Thomas' Phosphate, j§j Special Terms for truck loads. Deliverpd'to -ami Railway Statioc, < w ^=S™Bus^nes8"Notk^ TOOTHACFIE NEURALGIA FACEACHE!! CURED "v TAKINa LLOYD'S NEURALGIC DROPS. It gives SPEEDY relief. It STRENGTHENS the NERVES. It REMOVES the PAIN. It gives REST and SLEEP at Night. It CURES where Ormm. Medicines SAIL* It is THE CURE for NEURALGIA and TOOTHACHE, no matter how violent. IN BOTTLES, l/lg & 2/6 (three times the size) Sent Free by Post to all Parts. Prepared by the Proprietor: ISAAC T. LLOYD, Chemist, ABERDOVEY, N. WALES. A WORD IN SEASON. TRY MORGAN'S Pectoral Linseed Balsam Certain Cure for Coughs, Colds, Influenza,, and all affeetions of the Chest, Throat, and Lungs. ——- HAS CURED OTHERS. WILL CURE YOU. Prepared only by R. MORGAN, PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMIST* ABERYSTWYTH. Sold in h. Jc 2s. bottles WOXDERFUL HBS L'LTS. OWENS BROS., 31, NORTHGATE STREET ABERYSTWYTH; BUILDERS, JOINERS, UNDERTAKERS, & c '> Estimates given for every description Clf work WORKSHOP-PORTLAND LANE. JOHN JONES, jgiUILDING J^ £ ATERIAL MERCHANT, MONUMENTAL YARD, rjIREGARQN, (gOUTH ALES. i- MONUMENTS AND TOMBSTONES OP ALL SIZES IN STOCK. ACCOUNr BOOKS I OF EVERY KISD. I TO SUIT ALL REQUIREMENTS. I SPECIALLY L.ULED. 1 PLAIN OR PRINTED HEADLINES. | STRONGLY AXD NEATLY BOUND. I At Moderate Prices. B FROM THE H vVELSII GAZETTE" I OFFICE, I ABERYSTWYTH. I TO THE INHABITANTS OF I ABERYSTWYTH AND DISTRICT ISAAC SAMUEL w Begs to announce that he has I OPENED BUSINESS I IN Grocery and Provisions 8 AT NORTH END STORES RAILWAY TERRACE. ALADDIN'S MAGIC TEA" h: .P Jii f\lADDI N f 6. '4(.. j T) 'T' t THE BEST IN THE HARKET I lLLIAK WILLIAMi II COMP B UTION gTBEET, LIVERPOOL -4 D. JONES, 1GH. TAILOR. £ JHALYBEATE jgTREBT, ABERYSTWYTH. .# ^ENTLEMEN'S HUNTING & S HOOTIJr. SUITS. JgREECEES A SPECIALITY. y^IVERIES, I j* JJIGH-GLASS J^ADIES' rjlAILOR-MADB B fide by t xperieuc d Workman on the precpflssf