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To the Editor of THE JOURNAL.




INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION. To the Editor of THE JOURNAL. Sin,-The Committee of Commissioners and County Council met on Thursday, the 3rd of July, to receive deputations from different localities urging their claims for selection for one of the intended new schools. At the last meeting of the committee it was stated that those places would be selected where buildings fitted for the purpose could be offered or where the inhabitants could defray the expense of erecting suitable school buildings; because the halfpanny rate, producing Xl,200, would merely be sufficient for the purposes of education, and there- fore quite inadequate and inapplicable for building premises. In other words, we may take this to signify that the new schools would be given to the more wealthy districts, where there are the largest merchants, the greatest number of tradesmen, and the most men of property. Now, Sir, this is not what the Government intended in passing this Act. It is oue of a series of Acts the objects of which were to extend educa- tion to all classes. Formerly schools and colleges were founded for the wealthy; now schools and colleges are established for the masses, that every man°in England may have the power of raising hiwself in the social scale if he has the will and the intellect to do so. These Intermediate Schools, therefore, should be established not where they can be most easily erected, but where they are most wanted. They should not be placed in localities where there are already good schools nor should they be placed in localities the inhabitants of which could easily build schools for themselves; but the committee should take a map of the county and determine carefully—taking into consideration the population, the means of access, the wants of the people, and very other circumstance- where such schools would be most desirable. If this be so, we are beginning at the wrong end. Instead of giving the halfpenny rate to those localities which can offer buildings, or offer to build school premises, we should first determine where schools are most needed. Moreover, there is a serious objection to establish such schools in old premises. These premises would require great alterations and additions in order to make them appear suitable for the pur- pose but such alteration would appear mere patchwork, and an awkward adaptation to the purposes required. Fresh alterations would be constantly necessary, great and useless expenditure incurred, and eventually it would be determined to sell the building and erect new schools elsewhere. This is always the case in such circumstances. Would it not be unseemly to have such make. shift buildings for Intermediate School-, while many of the National Schools are handscme and com- modious buildings ? And is it seemly that while the National Schools are built by skilful architects with every modern requirement and with every elegance, and at public expense, the Intermediate Schools, which would aspire higher, should be built in a haphazard fashion, mixing new with old, and limited in every part by economy of means, from the difficulty of raising private subscriptions, where none but the very rich would offer to give anything. Let us look at it also in another point of view. The great schools of the metropolis are being gradually moved into the country. The Charter. house, St. Paul's School, and many others have been 80 removed-Christ's Hospital is to follow. It is found that boys can do their work better when their health is more considered, and that their moral treatment is safer in the country than in town. Why, then, should these Intermediate Schools be built in towns, or be located in towns? That they must be near towns, or near stations, is evident, from their being day schools, but let them be built outside of towns, in the open country, with spacious grounds for recreation, with pleasant surroundings, away from the idle gossip and con- tamination of a town, with all its temptations, and let it be a building of which the students may take pride in, and past students may look back to with pleasure. But it will be said, All this requires money, and W8 have no money." It is true. The Government have given us the schools, but they have not given us the school buildings. Let us show that we appreciate the benefit which they are conferring on us, and which we feel will be a great benefit, by contributing what is in our power towards erecting premises for the schools. We have been taxed by the Educational Commissioners for building National schools, let the County Council now ask the Government to allow us to tax ourselves for building these intermediate schools on a right and proper basis by having a building rate for the first year, without determin- ing where the schools are to be and then let the committee meet and determine the sites. We need not make this a national measure let us of Car- marthenshire set the example to other counties. Yours, &c., ==================== X.





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