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----------THE WAIIS.


THE WAIIS. THE clash of arms is on every side resounding. Amongst the mountains of North Italy, and in the beautiful South. In Hungary, the Caucasus, Sleswick and Holstein, India and La Plata. To the sword nations continue to appeal as the best arbiter of their differences. On the banks of the Ticino the monarch of the iron crown has been humiliated by the prowess of the arms, or the influence of the gold, of the Austrian General. Charles Z, Albert, King of Sardinia, has fallen. The sword which he wielded in past engagements with so much energy and suc- cess has broken in his grasp. Yesterday," in the pride of place," he was at the head of his cohorts, high with the hope of destroying the accursed yoke of Austrian domination in Italy. To-day, having met the enemy on the battle field-at Novarra, he retires, abdicates his throne, and leaves, the proud Austrian to dictate conditions of peace under the walls of his capital. Our sympathies are with the fallen monarch, not that his cause was altogether a just one, but because it was juster than that of the tyrant power he op- posed. He had no right to appeal to the sword, but he chose to do so, and has paid the penalty. The result of his rashness will be greatly felt in Italy. The projects of those who really seek the regeneration of that fair land will be impeded. The hated Bourbon who rules Naples with a rod of iron will now be sterner in his exactions and more deter- mined in his iniquitous contest with the brave Sicilians. The blasphemer, who, though he assumes to be the vicar of Christ, is now at Gaeta plotting against the righteous liber- ties of the people of Rome, will be quickened in his desires, by the aid of mercenary bayonets to trample them under foot. We trust, however, that these machinations will be thwarted, and that those who rely upon the sword will perish by the sword. Strong are our hopes for the freedom of Italy. A spirit has been awakened which no arms can subdue. The beautiful visions of the poets will yet be real- ised. As one nation, she will become as great as she is beautiful. The brave Hungarians have had a series of victories over their oppressors. They have fought with desperation,and men in such a mood must always conquer. Windischgratz and Jellachich, flushed with their victory at Vienna, dashed into the plains of Hungary, and were, according to the accounts we were daily receiving, likely to drive all before them. They have, however, been brought to a dead halt, and it is more than likely that they must eventually give way before those who fight for their wives, their children, and their country. In the Caucasus, the Russian soldier is still employed ill the almost hopeless task of subduing its warlike inha-" bitants. For years have they been so employed. Numerous are the barbarities that have been practised, but still there is no likelihood of the Circassian giving way to the Cossack. Between the Danes and the Prussians there is little hope of peace. The armistice would cease on the 2nd of April. Wehave notyetheard that hostilities has commenced, but still from the great preparations that have been making at Copen- hagen, and the Prussian ports in the Baltic, we have little doubt indeed but that the quarrel will again come to blows. The King of Prussia, who ere this wears what has been long the highest object of his ambi'.ion, the imperial diadem of Germany, will not deem it consistent with his new ac quired dignity in any way to succumb, and the Danes will be too proud to give way until forced to by the fortune of war. are the lives, it is probable, that will be sacri. ficed, and this too in a cause as little concerning the true Interests of the people over whom the hostile monarchs sway as it docs the inhabitants of the moon. "The glorious news" from the Punjab, which we give in another place, shows the invincibility of British arms. Shere Singh w:th his warlike bands have been utterly routed. But there is no sign of the conclusion of the war. The Prince of the Peshawua, it appears, has been secretly supporting the Sikhs in their resistance, and this will serve for a pretence for further fighting. India is considered as the brightest jewel in the British Crown. Our opinion is( that its history is one of crime, and that India is our greatest disgrace. What have we done in India, since its destinies were put into our hands, to elevate the people, and to culti- vate in them the arts of peace? Next to nothing. We have taught them war, and naught else. What business have we to enter the territories of others, upon the pretence that we require to do so in order to prevent any attack that may be made upon us? None whatever. And yet these are the excuses we make in India for marching our troops into states that do not belong to us, but which, after we get into them, somehow or other, very frequently become ours in name or ours by protection. There is not a difference now being decided by the sword at some of which we have glanced above, that might not have been altogether prevented or settled with greater satis- faction to the parties really injured, and more in unison with the right, by arbitration. We hail the efforts of the committee of ihe Peace Con- gress" to establish this principle a sa mode of settling na tional differences, and trust that their efforts may be abun- dantly successful.


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