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lJarieties. A LAW among the Arabs permits a man to divorce any of his wives who do not make him good bread. WHAT IS PATRIOTISM ?-In the Northern Star the close of the conflict in Paris is headed, "Last glorious struggle of the pfdriots J" MEDICAL STATISTICS.—The medical men in London are more numerous than the butchers, and nearly as many as the bakers. GIN-DRINKING was first brought into fashion by William III. at St. James's Palace, where his Orange Majesty sat drinking Schiedam till all was blue. HARVESTERS' IMMIGRATION.—Judging from the arrivals at Liverpool, the immigration of harvest labourers into England promises this year to be unusually great. LEGISLATIVE COSTLINESS.It appears from an official report that the expense of taking up the matting every morning a the House of Commons comes to E800 per annum. t THE porters of Constantinople are said to surpass all other carriers in Europe in their power of bearing burdens, often moving with ease under a weight of more than two thousand pounds. liirsii POLIcr.-The Irish constabulary will for the future consist of 10,678 effective men, and will be officered by 35 .county inspectors of three classes, and 375 head const tbles of two classes. COAL.- The Newcastle coal formation contains about 5,575,6-80,000 cubic yards, extending in length twenty-three z, miles; 28,000,000 tons of coal are annually raised, being Si,000,000 of cubic yards.—The Trades'1 Weekly Messenger. MOLDAVIA AND WALLACHIA.—It has been found necessary to decree a general closing of the courts of law throughout Mol- davia and Wallaehia, in consequence of the fearful ravages which the cholera is making in these principalities. THE ALIEN BILL OF 1848.—The provisions of the late Alien Bill have been brought into silent, but effective operation. It is said that about 400 foreigners obnoxious to the Government have been compelled to quit our shores. NEW ZEALAND WAGES.—The following advertisement, which appears in the Southern Cross newspaper, published at Auck- land, in New Zealand, will show the rate of wages being paid in that colony:—"Wanted, six stonemasons: Wage3 from 6s. Gd. toSs. ,per day. Apply," &c. CLASS AGAINST CLASS.—Mr. Osborne, in his admirable speech, said, "If you setclass against elass, the most frightful collisions must inevitably ensue." Upon hearing this, Mr. Hudson exclaimed, On my word, it's precisely the same on a railway ["-—Punch. FALL OF A MOUNTAIN.—The rock known by the name of the nent de.Naye, which was 7,000 feet high, fell on the 3rd inst. into the valley of Montreux (Vaud), and destroyed seven housesandallÙle persons in them. It is said that upwards of 2,000 head of cattle have been killed in the fields. PWLLHELI.—EARLY REAPiNQ.-Oii Fi-idAy, the 14th instant, about half an acre of full ripe new barley was cut on a small farm called Bys-co'ch, Llanbedrog, in this neighbourhood; and on the 15th instant., two other small patches of full ripe new barley were cut, about half a mile distant from the same place. PROSPECTS FOR YourHl MEN.—The American San says that six young" men, who left their native county of Fayette, in Kentucky;, some fifteen years since, in order to seek a livelihood elsewhere, have all met at Washington as members of the House of, Represcntativesduring the present session of Con- gress. HOLYHEAD.—On Tuesday last, while the railway labourers were employed dragging a reservoir in connexion with the ter- minus station at this place, they found the remains of an ele- phant, within a few feet of the surface. The bones were in a: stats of preservation, though probably they had lain there for many centuries. ANECDOTE or. CnABLES Fox.—I have heard,A good story of our friend Charles Fox. When his house in the country was on fire, he found all efforts to save it useless, and being a good draughtsman, he went up the next hill to make a drawing of the nre! the best instance of philosophy I ever heard of.—Cot- tie's Reminiscences. PROPHECIES.—Philip Olivarious, a monk of Orval, in the ,.Iear 1544, predicted, it is said,, all the remarkable events of the present century. The following lines have long been cur- rent in Germany: I would not be a king in 1848; I would not be a soldier in 1849; I would not be a grave-digger in 18.50. But I would be whatever you please in 1851." b PRESERVATION OF WOOTV—The Mining Journal reports a series of experiments with Payne's patent process for preserv- ing timber, the result of which is, that wood sopreserved be- comes imperishable,—iftipervious to wet or dry rot, and to the attacks of insects, and perfectly uninflammable. The softest t- S woods so prepared become susceptible of the finest polish. IN the majority agaihst-Mr. Hume's motion there were only 13'2 members who, by the utmost latitude of language, can be called Reformers, to 221 Tories. Among the 132 professing Reformers were 30 holders of office, 7 officials" unattached" (as they say in the army), and 13 relations or connexions of ministers. There was also a large sprinkling of relations and connexions of Whig Peers, and candidates for office at the bar, and in the army Rnd navy. -TEMPERANCE STATISTICS.—A correspondent has communi- cated to Tis some- rather startling facts regarding the relative consumption of intoxicating liquors and bread in Edinburgh, which he has culled from the Post-office Directory. We ob- serve from his statement that in this city there are 296 spirit- dealers, 3$0 grocers and spirit-dealers, -i!) hotels, 51 taverns and coffee-houses, 48 wine-merchants, and 98 wine and spirit mer- chants,—making 902 concerns in all. Assuming that at cacli of these places an average of £ 5 a-week is realised from sides, the amount realised would be £ 4,510 per week, and no kss a sum than C234,520 a-year! Turning to another page, we find that the number of bakers- in the city" is about 200, the amount of whose sales, at JE30 a-week, would amount to £312;( 00— or-only about £ 7-7,480 more than the amount annualIyexpènded on intoxicating liquors !Scottisl. Presy. (;è. THE ROAD TO WEALTH,—If any one tells you that you can become rich otherwise than by labour and economy, do not listen to him-he is a liar and a poisoner.-Franklin. THE ANNUITY-TAX SALE AT EDINBURGH.—Mr. Sword, one of the two persons whose goods were seized and sold for non- payment of annuity-tax, in a letter to the editor of the Edin- burgh Advertiser, says, the exact value of the articles seized from him and sold, was JE99 15s. A valuable rosewood piano, price JE42, and valued by the annuity-tax appraisers at £10 j a lai-ge mirror, price £ 10, valued by ditto at £ 2 and a rose- wood cheffioneer, with marble top and plate glass back, price £ 8, valued at ;C I were withdrawn from the sale, as not being his property; at the same time he freely offered on the spot other articles of the same kind, which the sheriffs clerk refused, Had the articles sold been fairly exposed in any respectable sale-room, and free from the stigma that was attached to them, there is not a doubt that the produce would have been, at least, JE70 or E80. THE UNFORTUNATE CIPHER. A merchant at Marseilles, having a business correspondent on the African coast, be- thought him, that as some members of his family had shown a partiality for monkeys, he might gratify them by sending for one or two specimens of these animals from Africa. Accord- ingly he wrote to his correspondent to procure two or three of the finest and most admired species, and transmit them to Marseilles. Chance so ordered it that the merchant, in putting down the ou (in English or) between the figures 2 and 3, made the o very prominent, while the 1t remained scarcely visible. Some months afterwards a ship porter came in all haste to the old merchant, and announced to him that his menagerie had arrived. Menagerie!" cried the merchant. "Yes, a mena- gerie, a whole cargo of monkeys had arrived to his consign- ment I" The merchant could scarcely credit the announcement, until the letter of his correspondent was put into his hands. In that epistle the African negodant, a man of the most uncom- promising exactitude, excused himself very earnestly for not having been able, with all his exertions, to procure more than 160 monkeys, in place of the 203 ordered, but promised, as soon as possible, to fulfil the entire demand. The feelings of the honest merchant may be guessed when, on moving down to the quay to satisfy himself on the subject by ocular inspection, he beheld his 160 monkeys, all duly caged and littered, and grinning at him with the most laudable pertinacity. It was the moment when a man might reasonably doubt whether it would be the best to laugh or cry. So much for the value of ciphers. Le Follet. AFFECTION OF AN ADOPTED SON.-The death of Laroche, the editor of the Pere Duchesne, and president of the most re- volutionary club in Paris, is a sad blow to the ultra-democrats, as it is well known that he was at the head of that club, and the most active planner of the insurrection. The circumstances of his death are as romantic as those connected with any hero of ancient ballad. He was always accompanied by a young lad of about fifteen, to whom he seemed much attached, and who is reported to be a foundling adopted by him. The same boy, attired like Laroche, in a blouse and casquette, was seen during the fight combating without a moment's respite at his side, following him wherever he went, loading his gun, and frequently standing before him when he paused to give orders. Laroche fell at the very moment when the National Guards took the barricade, and the insurgents fled to entrench them- selves behind another one raised at a short distance. But La- roche's companion fled not. He remained with his hand locked in that of the dead man, and gazing in speechless agony upon the gaping wound in his side, from which the life-blood had oozed away. He spoke not, he moved not, when the surgeons came to transport the dead, and to relieve the wounded. It required almost superhuman force to tear his hand from that of the corpse. He was taken ill, apparently in a state of uncon- sciousness, to a neighbour's house, where he died next morn- ing, without having uttered a word or tasted food of any kind since the event which seems to have separated the soul from the body long before death.-Paris Corresjwndeni of the Atlas. THE SECRET OF SuccEss.-It may to some appear like vanity in me to write what I now do, but I should not give my life truly if I omitted it. When filling a cart of manure at the farm dunghill, I never stopped work because my side of the cart might be heaped up before the other side, at which was another man I pushed over what I had heaped up to help him, as doubtless he did to help me when I was last and he was first. When I have filled my column or columns of a newspaper, or sheet of a magazine, with the literature for which I was to be paid, I have never stopped if the subject required more eluci- dation, or the paper or magazine more matter, because there was no contract for more payment, or no likelihood of there being more. When I have lived in a barrack-room, I have stopped my own work, and have taken a baby from a soldier's wife, when she had to work, and nursed it, or have gone for water'for her, or have cleaned another man's accoutrements, though it was no part of my duty to do so. When I have been engaged, in political literature, and travelling for a newspaper, I have not hesitated to travel many miles out of my road to ascertain a local fact, or to pursue the subject into its minutest particulars, if it appeared that the public were unacquainted with the facts of the subject; and this at times when I had work to do which was much more pleasant and profitable. When I have needed employment I have accepted it at what- ever wages I could obtain, at plough, in farm-drain, in stone quarry, at breaking stones for roads, at wood-cutting, in a saw- pit, as a civilian or as a soldier. I have in London cleaned out a stable, and groomed a cabman's horse for a sixpence, and been thankful to the cabman for the sixpence. I have subse- quently tried literature, have done as much writing for ten shillings, as I have readily obtained—been sought after, and paid ten guineas for. But had I not been content to begin at the beginning, and accepted shillings, I would not have risen to guineas. I have, lost nothing by working. Whether at la- bouring or literary work, with a spade or with a pen, I have been my own helper.—Autobiography of a Working Man. APPEAL TO THE HOUSE OF LOlms, JULY 17TH.—Cecilia Ful- liai-n, Margaret Lynch, and Maria M'Carthy, appellants; Alex. ander M'Carthy, and nine others, respondents.—This is a very interesting case. The appeal was brought by the plaintiffs from a decision of the Lord High Chancellor of Ireland. The facts of the case are the folloUiiig:-iN] P. Alexander M'Carthy, late of Cork, was a wealthy merchant, who died in 18-13, intestate. His per- sonal estate was nearly worth £ 100,000, He left ten children, namely nine of the respondents, and Maria M'Carthy, the appel- lant. Alexander M'Carthy was his heir-at-law. In 1828, the appellant Maria had, with her father's consent, become a professed nun of the order of St. Ursula, in the Roman Catholic :(-oiyiniti riity of Blackrock, in the county of Cork. On her profession her father paid to the ■■community the sum of £ 1,000. In 1829, the respon- dent Catherine had also become a professed nun, and her father paid the like sum of £ 1,0,;0 on her profession. The father con- sidered that as Maria and Catherine had, upon entering the reli- gious society, taken a solemn vow, called the "Vow of Poverty, by which they bind themselves never to retain or possess any property whatever, that it would prevent them from claiming any share of his property but it seems that the ruling powers in the convent were of a contrary opinion, for when Catherine ap- plied to the Roman Catholic Bishop of Cork, who has sole control of the convent, for permission to assign her rights, whatever they might be, to her fdmily, it was refused by him, and he required her to make an assignment of the property to the superiors of the con- vent; to this she demurred, and said, "that it would be contrary to her conscience to assign property out of her family," to which the bishop replied, that she must remembei her vows, and do as she was directed." But she still refused to sign the deed of assignment until March, 1844, when, being coerced improperly, by the supe- riors in the convent, she assigned her interest to Cecilia Fulham and Margaret Lynch, two of the Sisters" of the convent. Maria had also, in December, 1843, assigned her interest to the same parties, but had afterwards expressly stated that "she had signed the same in conformity with her vow of obedience, and said, that it pained her much to do so bit she had no alternative, as she was strictly "bound by her vows, and that neither she nor her sister Catherine would derive any benefit from the money coming from their father. One of the witnesses who had an interview with Maria, wss informed that" she was compelled to execute the deed against her will, under the order of the superior, who re- quired her to do so in compliance with hervov of obedience, and that after having signed the paper she cried all night and could not sleep and that she wouldsooller throw the property illtothe river, than that the convent should take it from her family." The evidence of the celebrated Father Vladiew went to show that no compulsion or threats had been used towards the two sisters, ex* cept the punishment for broken vows, which was the denial of the communion, and the dread of having committed a mortal sin the punishment of which according to the Romish religion, is eternal punishment hereafter; but that ought to be considered a, very power- ful threat towards a person liketheappellant Maria, who, after sign- ing the deed on the 29th of December, 1843, became so seriously ill that she was partly deranged in her intellect, and continued sbme time in great danger. On a visit to the convent being made by Nelson -M'Carthy, he saw his sister Catherine, who appeared labouring under both mental and corporal suffering, and she told that he had no idea of the mental training that they went tirough; and that it had been publicly decided in the commun ty ihat any member in tlie, convent speaking or acting adversely to the,claims set up by the convent for the property wonld be guilty of.ro.ortal sin. The Lord Chancellor of: Ireland had decided that ihe plaintiffs, on half of the convent, lijid no right to the property, Hence the appeal. On the part of the respondents it was argued that the deeds of assignment had been executed by Maria and Ca- therine without their consent, and contrary to their intentions, and under improper coercion, and are consequently fraudulent and void. Itwa3 also urged that the suit was instituted without the knowledge or consent, although with the name, of the appellant Maria; and also, that as both Maria and Catherine were professed nuns, and having vowed poverty and obedience, they were conse- quently incapable of acquiring property by inheritance, if the old law of the professed being civiliter mortuus vel mortua, is still the law of aprotestant State, as it was of this country when a Roman Catholic State.—On Monday last, the Lord Chancellor, after going at some length into the case, stated his opinion to their lordships to be, that the suit in the court below was improperly framed, in- asmuch as two co-plaintiffs having inconsistent interests, could not join in a suit. He therefore recommended their lordships to dis- miss the bill with costs generally, but without prejudice to any party filing a new bill to reverse the decree of the Lord Chan- cellor of Ireland so far as it offered the direction of an issue, but to retain it so far as it dismissed the bill of the pI aintiff with costs. Lord Brougham and Lord Campbell concurred with the Lord Chancellor, and the House ordered the decree of the court below to be reversed so far as it related to the issue, but retained that part which dismissed the bill. The effect of this decision is to leave all parties in the position they were before the bill was filed, but enable them to commence their proceedings anew in an amended form.




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