Old Aberdare. Some Recollections of 70 Years Ago b) Mr. John Morgan, Cwmbach. ARTICLE III. Last week we left off near Aberdare National Schools, having traced the most prominent buildings in the main thoroughfare. Taking the respective periods of 1840 and 1913, no portion of the district presents such a striking contrast as Aberaman, Godreaman, and Cwmaman. In the present day there are streets almost in one continuous line all the way from Aberdare to the ex- treme end of Cwmaman. Hundreds of these have only recently been built, var- nous societies and clubs being responsi- ble for them. But in 1830-1840, Mr. Morgan informs me that there were only a few farmhouses and cottages dotted here and there. A wayfarer on his way down the valley in those days would, after passing the National Schools, have an open country, and the first house he would come to was one standing on the site of Ty'r Heol, Car- diff Road, Aberaman. It was a stone- roofed building, and near by was the Aberaman turn-pike gate. Proceeding Mountain Ash-ward the next house he would encounter would be Abergwawr Farm, where now the Plough Inn stands. There was no kind of street, long or short, on the main road. Where Dr. Finney now resides there was a farm —Aberaman Uchaf, which has long since disappeared to make room for the more modern building that now adorns the ground. A little lower, near the level crossing, there was a house belonging to the Aberaman Mill. It was here that the Vicar of Llanwonno resided in those days. At present the Vicarage is situated in Hopkinstown, near Ponty- pridd. The Vicar of Llanwonno, in those far off days referred to by Mr. Morgan was a Mr. Jones, father of Mi Whitson Jones, auctioneer, Aberdare. Cwmaman again was composed of a few simple farms—Fforchneol, Cwm neol, Blaenaman Fawr, Blaenaman Fach, Fforchaman, Y Llaethdy, Bed- lwyn, Pwllbach, etc. Nor was there a Capcoch in those davs, to say nothing of Abercwmboi Tillage. Abercwmboi Farm, now in the occupation of the Cwmbach Co-op. Society, and Abercwm- boi Isaf Farm, however, had withstood a good many winters in those days. There was also a white house on the main road, and the lodge belonging to Mr. Bruce, afterwards :fi¡st Lord Aberdare. The Duffryn, of course, was there, but the next building after leaving the lodge on the main road was the Mountain Ash Inn. Turning back to Cwmbach, Mr. Mor- gan says that a few houses were in course of erection back 60 or 70 years ago. He remembers four houses being built in Pit Place, and four in Chapel Road. There was a school kept in Cwm- bach back in those days by one Morgan Lewis, a Baptist minister. It was the same school that Dafydd Llewelyn (Pio Mingo) referred to in a previous article; subsequently conducted. Mr. Morgan himself attended this school during two winter sessions, and informs me that it was held in the Long Room of the Lifeboat Inn, Cwmbach. "What is the meaning of Pio Min- go," I asked Mr. Morgan. And his reply led to an interesting story. "I can't say," responded the veteran; "what they stand for at all, and it's my own fault that I do not know. I re member very well that when I was a small boy at Scuborwen Dafydd Llewlyn used to visit my father very frequent- ly. In those days there were gates on the Gadlys with the usual woras, "Nc thoroughfare this way; anyone found trespassing will be prosecuted." And beneath this notice were the words in small letters "Pio Mingo." The very next time I saw Dafydd Llewelyn I asked him what they were, and he re- plied: "It is my nom-de-plume, and I drew up the sign on the gates." It never occurred to me at the time tc ask him what his ffugenw (nom-de- plume) meant." It is a far cry in the world of educa- tion from 1835 to 1913, and such revolu- tionary progress in this department was never dreamed even as recent as 5C years ago. Consequently it is of deep interest to those interested in educa- tion these days to know as much as there is to be known about this Aber- dare schoolmaster of the beginning of the 19th century. For further particulars concerning him Mr. John Morgan referred me to Wenallt, Aberdare, where, as my read- ers are aware, there are innumerable historical treasures, collected by the late lamented Myfyr Dar. Before Cymrodorion Aberdar last session but one, Mrs. D. M. Richards read a very valuable paper on "Dafydd Llewelyn," and to Mrs. Richards am I indebted for all the particulars which make up the remainder of this week's instalment. He was called Deuws Dafydd Llew- elyn, his father's name being also Dafydd Llewelyn. The son was known among his friends, as I I have already stated, as 1 Pio mingo. A native or -aoeraare he was born in 1790 in High Street, just where (appropriate enough) the Educa- tion Offices now stand. Pio Mingo re- ceived his education in a Grammar School at Cowbridge, and one of his schoolmates was Mr. John Jones (Ceffyl Gwyn), father of Mr. D. W. Jones, J.P. It was to this school that well-to-dc parents sent their children in those days. Dafydd became a first-class scholar, and amazed Mr. Bruce Pryce, the Duffryn, with a particular piece oi copying work. It isn't certain where he first opened a school at Aberdare, but for a time, at any rate, he had a class in the White Lion Hotel, Gadlys, and afterwards at the Parish Church. Two at least ofthis pupils are alive to- day, and they are Mr. Thomas Dawkin Williams, Trecynon, and (as I have al- ready stated) Mr. John Morgan, Aber- nantygroes. He also kept a school in Green Fach, and in a schoolroom given by Lord Bute to the inhabitants of Aberdare in 1824. Mr. Bruce Pryce (father of the first Lord Aberdare), Mr. Evan Giiffiths (father of Messrs. Evan. Lewis and Daniel Griffiths) were the governors of the school at that time. Subsequently we find Pio Mingo con- ducting a school in Cwmbach in a build- ing which was then a Baptist Chapel, but which is now the Abernantygroes Unitarian Church. Two of his pupils in those days were lads, one of whom became Home Secretary and the other County Court Judge. They were the I late Lord Aberdare and Judge Gwilym Williams.
Died in the Workhouse. Though Dafydd Llewelyn was a cap- able and eminently successful school- master we find him being dismissed from or in some other way giving up his schools, and going about from farm tG farm to impart a few lessons to children in their homes. He neglected himself and became poor and depressed, so much so that he doubted the existence of God. One day he retraced his footsteps to the Duffryn, Mountain Ash. Mr. Bruce Pryce took pity on him, and clothed him anew from head to foot. This encour- aged Dafydd, and glancing in a mirroi at his improved appearance, turned to his benefactor and said "I will not denj the existence of God any more." How- ever, he experienced considerable poverty later in life, and towards the end of his earthly course he was per- forced to enter through the portals of Pontypridd Workhouse, where he died on May 4tli, 1878, in his 88th year. He was interred at Llanwonno Churchyard, and a small sum was collected by the parishioners of Aberdare to mark his last resting place. Next Week: Some old Trecynon Houses Police arrangements of Aber- dare in 1840; early collieries in the district. -r-
Musical Successes. At the recent examination of the Associated Board of the Royal Academy of Music and Royal College of Music, held at Cardiff, the following pupils of Miss Ethel M. Clarke, R.A.M. and R.C.M., Teacher of Music, Trecynon, passed in the elementary division in pianoforte playing: Miss Phyllis M. Davies, of 45 Bron- iestyn Terrace, Aberdare; Miss May James, of Pantycelyn, Llewelyn Street, Trecynon. Miss Davies and Miss James are only 10 apd 12 years of age re- spectively, and this was their first attempt. The test consisted of two studies in C and A minor; two pieces studies in C and A minor; two pieces from Dussek and Krug; exercises from Schmitt; scales and broken chord passages. The Board's examination are recog- nised as the highest test in music in this country, and in view of their difficult nature this performance of the pupils gives great promise for the future, and reflects the greatest credit upon the skill and indefatigable efforts of their teacher. We heartily congratu- late both pupils and teacher.
—————— » Wrestling Match. LOCAL CHAMPION'S HARD LLCK. The much talked-of wrestling match between Frank Mears, Aberdare, and Tom Jenkins, of Ton Pentre, took place on Saturday last at the Yny3 Park, Ton Pentre, before over a thousand spectators. Jenkins is the undefeated Welsh champion, whilst Mears also gained a reputation by his recent vic- tory over Ned Bevan, of Pentre. The contest was arranged ior the 9st. 71bs. championship of the world for a purse, and a side stake of .£10 a side. Mr D. Bradley, Aberdare, officiated as re- feree. The conditions agreed upon were that the contestajilts were to wrestle in the catch-as-catch-can style, and Mr Jack Hek, Aberdare, acted as stake- holder. The match was timed to start at 5.30 p.m.; Lowever, owing to an un- fortunate accident the match did not start before 6.30 p.m. It appears that Mears and his supporters had left Aber- dare by the 2.55 p.m. train, and having reached Tonypandy they boarded a car for Ton Pentre. However, the car broke down right on top of Pandy Square, and Mears was obliged to walk sharply a distance of over four miles in a broiling sun. By the time he arrived at the Ynys Park he was in a bath of perspiration, and hardly in a fit state for the contest. Consequently, the match was a wholly one-sided affair, for Jenkins kept his opponent on the defensive almost throughout. He se- cured the first fall at the end of 15 minutes, and gained the second before the half-hour was up. Realising his condition Mears offered little resistance, and at the close of the match he ad- dressed the spectators, and acknow- ledged that he had been beaten that day. Mears informs us that he is prepared to meet Jenkins once more at any time on any neutral ground agreed upon.
Forthcoming Carnival at 'I Aberdare. On Monday evening last an enthusi- astic meeting in connection with the above took place at the Bush Hotel binder tke auspices of the Aberdare Foot- ball Supporters' Club. The chair was occupied by Mr D. Stephens, who was supported by Messrs George Stephens, the organising secretary of the func- tion, and George Grubb, the financial secretary. The function will be held on Thursday, August 21st. The chair- man stated that they had failed to ob- LL- j,L-L __1- I tain tne utse 01 tne -a-uemaiic Karii. However, their aplication to the Coun-( cil for the use of the Aberdare Public' Park had been successful. It was de- cided to engage the services of the Aberdare Cynon Valley Band (Mr J. Manley) for the day. It was resolved to ask the High Constable to become the president of the function. It was de- cided to have a special display of fire- works, and a sum was voted for that purpose. It mas resolved to ask Mr C. B. Staiiton to request the Miners' Executive to do their best to make it possible for the men to leave work early that date. A deputation was ap- pointed, consisting of Messrs (Jieo. Grubb. W. Raggar, and George Stephens, to wait upon the Aberdare Chamber of Trade with the objeet ef sretting the Chamber to co-operate and I help them in the entries. It was de- cided to ask the Amusements Com- mittee for the use of the stand in the I Park after the military tournament. The following schedule of events was afterwards approved of:—1. Best Trade Exhibit; 2, National o Historical Re- presentation in Costume; 3. Fancy Dress on Horseback (lady or gent); 4. Fancy Dress. walking (lady); 5. Group of Walking Characters; 6. Decorated Cycle (lady or gent); 7. Comic Character on Donkey; 8. Comic Turn-out (walking, riding, or driving); 9. Comic Band for Men; 10. Comic Band for Boys; 11. Fancy Dress for Boys on Cycle; 12. Best Grocer's Turn- out; 13. Greengrocer's Turn-out; 14. Butcher's Turn-out; 15. Milk-vendor's Tuj-n-out; 16. Baker's Turn-out; 17 General Trade Turn-out; 18. Groomed Heavy Horse; 19. Best Representa- tion of a Bioscope; 20. Boys' Race; 21. Girls' Race; 22. Old Age Pensioner's Race (lady or gent); 23. Ladv's Slow Bicycle Race; 24. Bandsman's Race; 25. Tug of War; 26. Men's Obstacle Kace; 27. Baby Show; 28. Rag-time Ringing Competition; 29. Best Display for Boy Scouts. The committee are doing their ut- most towards making the function, the first of its kind in Aberdare, a lyuge success. All persons desirous of assist- ing the committee in any way are in- vited to attend the meetings." the next of which will take place on Friday evening. All applications for schedules or entry forms should be made to one of the secretaries, Mr George Grubb. 21 Herbert Street, or Mr George Stephens, 15 Monk Street.
Aberdare District Council. A Special Meeting of the Council was held on Monday, Mr. T. Walter Williams presiding. There were also present: Messrs. E. Stonelake, J. Howells, Evan Jones, D. P. Davies, A. P. Jones, W. Thomas, Id- wal Thomas, Owen Powell, with Messrs D. Llewelyn Griffiths, clerk; Owen Williams, surveyor; A. J. Abraham, tramways manager, and Mr. King, electrical manager.
The Water Scheme. Merthyr Withdraws the Objection- able Clause. At a meeting of the Water Com- mittee held on July 24th, there were present: Councillors T. Walter Wil- liams, M. J. Harris, D. P. Davies, William Thomas, A. P. Jones, and E. M. Hann (in the chair). The Clerk read a letter, dated 18th July, from the Town Clerk of Merthyr agreeing to withdraw the restriction contained in Clause 14 of the draft agreement submitted by the Merthyr Corpor- ation to this Council. llesolved to recommend That sub- ject to this Council being sufficiently I protected by the insertion of a clause clearly defining that the sup- ply given by Merthyr Corporation would be part of the supply con- tracted to be given to the Barry District Council, and which supply would be in priority to that to be given to the Rhondda and Ponty- pridd Joint Water Board; the draft agreement with the amendments suggested by Counsel be approved of. The Surveyor reported upon the present state of the water supply, when it was resolved: That the limitations of the water supply, from time to time, be left in the hands of the Surveyor. Mr. J. Howells said that he was opposed to the scheme from the start. He considered that the agree- ment between Merthyr and Aber- dare should be sanctioned by the whole Council. The Chairman: It must be so, of course. Mr. Owen Powell: When will the water be ready. Chairman: Next summer. The Chairman suggested that the Council apply to the L.G.B. for a loan to carry out the scheme. There would be an Inquiry by the L.G.B. before this would be granted. The recommendation of the com- mittee was agreed to.
Robertstown Bridge. Mr. Owen Powell asked whether Capt. Roberts had given anything to- wards the erection of the Robert- stown Bridge. Surveyor I am afraid that we may have to pay him something. Clerk: At any rate nothing has been received yet.
Children in Tramcars. With regard to the tramway fares the Clerk stated that the Board of Trade had made the suggestion that all children who occupied seats in the cars should pay, and that all children over 3 should pay the full fare whether they occupied seats or not.
The Silence Blocks. At this juncture the business of the meeting was materially hindered ow- ing to the din of the traffic outside, and Mr. Jackson Thomas observed amid considerable laughter that "those old wooden blocks were caus- ing a tremendous noise."
To Climb or Not to Climb. Mr. L. Pearson, secretary of the Merthyr Motor Club, wrote asking for the use of a steep mountain road above Llwydcoed for a hill-climbing contest. Mr. W. Thomas remarked that the dust raised by such a contest would be a nuisance. Why grant this pri- vilege to outsiders ? Mr. A. P. Jones: This would be above the residential part, would it not "I r. The surveyor believed that it would be the steep hill by the Fox and Hounds. Mr W. Thomas Why can't they go somewhere around Merthyr or Dow- lais I I move that the letter lie on the table. Mr. D. Jackson Thomas seconded. Mtr. Owen Powell moved, and Mr. Idwal Thomas seconded, that the ap- pliaation be granted, and this was carried by 7 votes bo 2.
A Shallow Grave. Mr. G. D. Cumner, AJberaman, wrote with regard to the grave of his father-in-law, Mr. J. Phillips, of 21 Regent Street, Aberaman, in the Aberdare Cemetery. Mrs. Phillips desired to be buried in the same grave, but it was not sufficiently deep. Mr. A. P. Jones: The old lady is not dead yet. Mr. Jackson Thomas said that the fact mentioned in her son-in-law's letter grieved the old lady greatly. Mr. W. Thomas moved that the sexton be asked to report whether something could be done so as to ar- range that Mrs. Phillips could be buried as she desired. Mr. J. Howell seconded. They were, he said, most respectable people. This course was agreed to.
Forthcoming Carnival. Mr. G. Grubb, secretary of the Aberdare Football Supporters' Club, wrote asking for the use of the Park on August 21, to hold a carnival in aid of the Club. Mr. J. Howell moved that the ap- plication be granted. Mr. W. Thomas seconded, remark- ing that the applicants were making an effort to maintain the prestige of sport in Aberdare- The Chairman stated that they should see that this event did not I clash with any arrangement made by the Park Amusements Com- mittee. Eventually the application was granted subject to an arrangement with the committee mentioned.
Ladies and Swimming. An application, signed by Miss Mary Jones and Miss Lewis, had been received, requesting the Coun- cil to grant better facilities for ladies to use the Baths at the Aberdare Park, the present arrangement being limited to one day a week only. Mr. D. J. Thomas: Have they nothing to do at home? v Mr. Owen Powell stated that as a sequel to this restriction the ladies .were swarming to the Aberaman Baths. It was eventually decided that the ladies should have the use of the Baths daily, the hours to be fixed by the Bath attendant..
Redistribution of Wards. The following report had been pre- sented to the Parliamentary Com- I mittee :— Aberdare is divided at present for election purposes into five wards- Llwydcoed, Gadlys, Town, Blaen- gwawr and Aberaman, and at pres- ent the number of voters for the Dis- I trict Council Election in these wards is as follows :— Llwydcoed 1666 Gadlys 1656 Town 1750 Blaengwawr 1726 Aberaman 2480 9278 From this it will be seen that whle the number of voters in Nos. 1, 3 and 4 Wards are fairly equal, Aber- aman numbers nearly one-half as many again. To equalize the numbers it is there- fore necessary that the Wards should be split up somewhat, and that certain streets or portions of streets should be transferred from one Ward to another in order that as nearly as possible the number of electors in each Ward should be approximately 1856. The following is my suggestion for the re-distribution of the wards:— Llwydcoed Ward (as at present) 1666 I suggest that the following streets be transferred from the Gadlys Ward to the Llwydcoed Ward Eben- ezer Street, 8; Union Street, 9 Belle Vue Street, 38; Bell Street and Bell Place, 37; David Street, 16; Frederick Street, 16; Hirwain Road, 20: Alma Street, 26; St. John's Place, 3; Owners, 3-176: 1842. Gadlys Ward, 1480 (left). I suggest that the following streets be transferred from the Town Ward to the Gadlys Ward: Canon Street, 26; Commercial Street, 17; Chapel Court, 1; Dare Street and Court, 11; Green Fach and High Street, 24 Monk Street (west side), 41; Highland Place, 14; Arnott Place, Harlech Place, 14; Tir Fri Villas, 3; Unity Street, 15; Brondeg Terrace, 10; Graig Street, 11; Pen- darren Street, 31; Clifton Street, 34; Chapel Row, 3; Moss Row and Place, 21; Little Row, 11; Long Row, 34; Office Houses, 2; Forge Trip, 14; Abernant Road, 33; Own- ers, 12-387: 1867. I. Town Ward, 1363 (left). I suggest that the following streets be transferred from the Blaengwawr Ward to Town Ward: Cardiff Road (2 to 102, and 335 to 422), 171; Blaen- gwawr and Maesyffynon, 9; Sunny Bank Street, 37; Albion Street, 8 Club Street, 19; Penderyn Place, 7 Gamblyn Place, 5; Ynyslwyd Road and House, 9; Primrose Terrace, 5; Violet Street, 24; Henry Street, 19; Curre Street, 37; Lord Street, 2; Holford Street, 15; AJbergwawr Street, 9; Gwalia Terrace, 5; Tudor Place and Cottages, 11; Owners, 6- 398: 1761. Blaengwawr Ward, 1328 (left.) I suggest that the following streets be transferred from Aberaman Ward to Blaengwawr Ward: Cardiff Road (174 to 262), 70; Regent Street, 56; Commerce Place, 40; Glamorgan Street, 47; Mason Street, 13; Chapel Street, 25; Llanthewy Street, 24 Bedford Street, 10; Aberaman Houses, 4 Lower Station Street, 17 Lower Street, 13; Brecon Street and Place, 6; George Street, 59-384: 1712. Aberaman Ward, 2096 (left). As a better alternative, all Aber- aman below the Gwawr Brook, with Cwmbach, could constitute a new Aberaman Ward, discarding the present Blaengwawr Ward. Then the lower Ward of the District could comprise Abercwmboi, Godreaman and Cwmaman, and be called by the I name, say, Cwmaman Ward. These two Wards would then con- tain the following number of elec- tors :— New Aberaman Ward: Xo. left from old Blaengwawr Ward 1328 Aberaman below Gwawr Brook 609 1937 Xew Cwmaman Ward 1871 The report was adopted. Later in the meeting Mr. John Howell raised a vigorous objection to the proposed re-arrangement of the wards. This led to considerable up- roar, Mr. Howell shouting that he would prefer that all the wards be left as they are at present. No action, however, was taken. Tramway Furniture. The Clerk stated that some furni- ture was urgently needed in the Tramway Offices, and the Council authorised the Clerk and the Tram- ways Manager to purchase forthwith what was immediately required.
y The Cook's Best Frien&" BORWICK'S ] BAK!NG POWOER.
Educational Notes and Comments. BY ALPHA." The attack upon teachers in a letter written to the "Leader" by "Omega" last week is as unfair as it is unjust. The shafts hurled are tinctured with venom and contem- plated to do much harm. It will be well for the community to acknow- ledge that teachers perform a diffi- cult and worthy duty, and the sense of their value to the kingdom should be better estimated. Fortunately there are cases when teachers are showered with praise. What happier testimony than at the end of the school year a parent visits the school to personally thank the teacher for the active interest he has taken in the welfare of a child. These instances lubricate the wheels of life and give courage to go forward to better efforts. The aims and objects of this column are not mendacious. The public has been supplied with articles upon such topics as Open Air Schools, Clinics, Medical Inspection, Deferred Grants, Evening Schools, and Salar- ies of Teachers, etc. An attempt has been made to explain the neces- sity of greater financial State aid in education. Following upon this par- ticular article. Mr. Keir Hardie sub- mitted questions to the Minister of Education on the very point that the article prompted. There is no attempt made to salve the ratepayer, but public opinion must be created to make the lot of the teacher a happier one financially, and to gain a decent living wage. Men teachers at Aberdare receive a lower maximum salary than their more fortunate brethren in other South Wales Districts. Would a col- lier at Aberdare tolerate a oondition of things when he received less per day for the same work that another collier was paid more for, say at Mountain Ash. His tactics would be more militant than those of the teacher. Most teachers at Aberdare are sons or daughters of colliers. The sacrifice of the parent in getting his child into the profession is most praiseworthy. Under the present system such sacrifice must be dis- continued, as the ultimate end, par- ticularly financially, is no better gain than if the son had been allowed to follow the calling of a miner. Par- ents are beginning to see this, and the supply of teachers is consequent- ly falling upon evil days. A certain collier had two sons. When the elder reached the age of 13 he was taken to the mine to earn his daily bread. The younger in due course reached the age of 12, and his schoolmaster advised him to become a teacher. The parents were called in and notified that their younger son showed much ability at school, and were forthwith advised to let the boy try for a Scholarship at the County School. The Scholarship was won, and the lad became entitled to three years tuition at the County School without fees. So well did he pass his ex- amination that a fourth year was granted him, and at the end of this term the boy won fresh laurels and gained distinction that would en- title him to enter a Training College. The lad was now 17, and when the parents reviewed the great expense that they had been put to to keep their boy, without his earning a penny during these four years, they began to doujbt whether they could afford another expenditure of about £ 80 to send him to college. Their noble sacrifice ended in allowing their son to enter the Uni- versity. Much to their joy, he was successful at the final examination and came home at the end of the two years a fully qualified and trained teacher. Visions arose as to how the youth would now be able to re- pay some of the parents' money that had been spemt upon him, and how perhaps he may become a sup- porter to them in their old age. The lad had now become a young man, and applied for a post at Aber- dare. Much to his sorrow a place could not be found here. He was forced to take up a post further afield and to commence work at 30s. or so a week. The bitter lesson was brought home to the parents of what a poor investment they had made. The elder boy, who was a collier, calculated that by the time he was 30 years of age, he would have earned more than his teacher brother could have earned when his earnings would be totalled up to the time that he would reach thirty. Parents have bitterly learnt this lesson. Some 14,000 entrants are needed for the profession yearly in order to maintain a sufficient supply. The present annual influx from all sources amounts to about 5,000. Why ?—Let the reader supply the ellipsis. This serious shortage in supply is in the near future going to be a national disaster educationally and financially, and the effect on the demand will soon be felt. It is persons like "Omega" who irreparably damage the status of the teacher, making their lives one of misgiving. He is nipping the rose in its bud, damaging the source of supply. Let him go into the class room to breathe the difficulties that are in the pathway of the teacher, then he will cease his arrant non- sense, and he who came to scoff will remain to pray.
Colbren Eisteddfod. LOCAL PRIZE-WINNERS. The fourth annual chair Eisteddfod was held at Colbren, Breconshire, on Saturday. The conductor was the Hev. D. Bassett, Gadlys. Miss Blodwen Morris, Glyn iNeath, won in the contralto solo. Penillion singing, divided between Myfanwy Wyn Williams, daughter of Kev. and Mrs R. Williams, Aberdare, and Gwen Williams, Trebanos. Ambulance, Cwmaman (Mr T. Evans, captain). The chair was won by the Hev. D. Crlannedd Williams Glyn Neath. Sub- ject: Ode. Co Paul before A--ril)pa." Mr Williams was represented by hi? sou. Mr W. J. Williams. M" Daniel A. Jenkins, late of r'v.tn- bach, won on the solo for boys and also on the action song. 9
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D'ARC'S WAXWORK (St. Mary Street), CARDIFF. Admission 3d., children 2d. New Management with New Ideas. JUST ADDED 1 A Masterpiece of Art— "The Gorilla and Indian Maid." Moves like life. OTHBR GRAND ATTRACTIONS PBNDING. The latest additions consist of the SOUTH POLE HEROES, inc'uding Captain SCOTT. Captain OATES, Lieutenant BOWERS, Dr. E. A. WILSON, and Petty- ( )fficer EVANS, forming an impressive group in Arctic surroundings. Also Miss EMILY WILDING DAVISON, the Suffragette who lost her life through stopping the King's Horse at the Derby. GRAND NEW ORCHESTRION ADDED. AUTOMATICS, &c.-No extra Charge. The whole place has been re-decorated and brought up-to-date. PALMISTRY £ yic™°=, pbaylmistet: Mdme. PELORES. IN ?tILY' -r_ EMIGRATION Passengers booked as formerly by Cunard. White Star, American, Union Castle, Allan and other lines to all parts of the World. AGENT: Mrs. D. M. IIICHIRDS, Wenallt, Aberdare. R. PENROSE KERNICH, Investment Stockbroker, CITY CHAMBERS, CARDIFF. Colliery, Industrial, Shipping, Rubber, Tea, Quoted and Unquoted Shares for Sale and Wanted. Reports Free. Telegrams aud Telephone: Kernick, 4172, Cardiff. rmmIŒI. RAVE LP, tLL I A Marvellous Remedy. For tipivards of Fifty Years these: Pills have held the first place in the World as a Remedy for PILES and GRAVEL, and all the common disorders I of the Bowels, 8tomach, Liver and Kidneys and ihere is no civilized Nation under the Sun chat has not experienced their Healing Virtues. THE THREE FORMS OF THIS REMEDY: No. I-George' Pile and Gravel Pills. No. 2—George's Gravel Piils. No. S—George's Pills for the Piles. Sold everywhere in Boxes, Is. lid. and 28.9d. each. By Post, Is. 2d. and 28. IOd Propr-lator-J. E. George, M.R.P.S., Hirwain, Aberdare. -&8"J WELSH T? eaders should never miss Tarian y Gweithiwr." Every Tuesday afternoon. The only Welsh newspaper in the whole of South Wales. Weekly Labour articles on current topics; humorous sketches by renowned Welsh wits. Weekly articles by Bryn- fab, the Rector of Cilrhedyn, etc., etc, Price Id. -4- PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION neatly and promptly oxeouted at "Leader" and "Tarian" Offiioe. Calla and Brakes. Wedding Coaches. J. JARROLD, Cab Proprietor & Posting Master, DUFFRYM HOTEL STABLES, I Mountain Ash. i Mourning Coaches. Posting for Commercials, IMPORTANT TO MOTHERS. ETOry X. Mother who values the Health sud Cleanliness of her Child should ns* HARRISON'S "RELIABLE" NURSERY POMADE. One applica- tion kills all Nitei aud Vermin. Basu- tifles and xtrengthenB the Hair. ly Tine 4id. and ed. Postage, ld. Geo. W. Harrison, Chemist, Reading. ftcM by all Chemists. Insist on hariaw Harrison's Pomade. Agent for Abe dare Emrys Evans, Chemist, 9-10 Vie- toria Square. Aberaman: I. J £ Thomas. Mountain Ash: W. H. Joaox. Chemist. Penrhiwceiber: A. M. Jo LADIES BLANCHARD'S PILLS are unnvulled for all Irregularities, &o., they speedily afford relief and never fail to alleviate all suSeritfe They supersede Pennyroyal, PiiCochia, BitterApple, Aa Igiancharille are the beet of all Pills for Wowee Sold in boxes, 1/1 j, by BOOTS' Branches, and all Chemists, or post free, same price, from LESLIB MARTYN, Ltd., Chemists, 34 DALSTON LANE, LONDON Free sample aad valuable BooL-let post free Id. C. A C Kaarsley's Original WIDOW WELCH'S FEMALE PILLS Prompt and reliable for Ladies. Th« only Genuine. Awarded CertlRoats Merit at the Taemanlan Exhlkltlan, itli. its Years, Reputation. Order* i hy Specialists for the Cure of all Fe- male complaints. Sold in boxes, l/ij and 2/1 of all Chemists, or post from 1/1 and 1/1. from Catherine Kearsley, .Dept. A.L.), « Waterloe Read, London, lk. I- PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION neatly and promptly executed at the "Leader" and "Tarian" omoa. EVERY WOMAN Should send two stamps for our 32 page Illustrated Book, containing Valuable Informatioa how 8U Irregularities and Obstructions may be entirety avoided or removed by simple means. Recom- mended by eminent Physicians, 88 the only Safe, Sure and Genuine Remedy, Never Fail80 Thout lads of Testimonials. Established 1861 MR. PAUL BLANCHARD, Claremont House. Dalston Lane, London Cures in 48 Hours MMVIINIA derailments of the Urinary nUlUgTA Superior to Copaiba* Gubebs and inicttions. No effects with tnese Vr/!llW Clapsulcs. Of all Chemists, or U>l ■ IMF post free for 3/6 from— WILCOX & CO. (Dept. A j, 49, Haymarket, London, W.