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SWANSEA PETTY SESSIONS, At these Sessions, held at our Townhall on Tuesday, before the Revs. Wm. Hewson, D. D. and S. Davies, John Grove, and J. D. Berrington, Esqrs.Benjamin Rose was charged by Mr. Morgan, on behalf of the parish, with refusing to maintain his wife, and thereby leaving her chargeable to the parish of Swansea. It appeared there had been old differences between the parties, who had not lived together for severa) years past. Formerly, the defendant allowed his wife 2s. a week, but he had latterly discontinued even that small pittance, and the wife, who was stated to be about sixty years of age, was compelled to resort to the House of Industry. The defendant pleaded that, some time back, his wife left him, taking with her all his money, and that his business was so depressed that he could not venture to promise to pay any fixed weekly sum for her support, and he "would not live with her for the world.Dr. Hewson told defendant that he ought, in a time of prosperity, to have prepared to meet the general depression in trade. However, the Magistrates could not interfere with his private affairs. Their duty was clear- to commit him, unless he would come to some arrangement with the parish officer. After some further words had passed, the case was allowed to stand over, defendant promising to contribute the requisite sum. Hannah Davies was charged with having assaulted Rachael Evans. By complainant's statement, it appeared that, on the previous Tuesday, the defendant went to the house occupied by the former, and which is the property of defendant's father, to demand 10s. 6<1. rent due. The complainant having stated her inability then to pay, in consequence of her husband's lengthened illness, the defendant became very abusive, and struck complainant severely about the head, until she was stunned and fell down dead." She then set fire to the straw which was under the bed. On further examination bv Mr. Attwood,complainant stated, that though "stunned and dead," she saw fire set to the bed. On defendant's part it was stated, that complainant fastened her door and threatened to throw' hot water into the defendant's face, when the latter brought witu her Adams, a bailiff, to distrain for the rent due. The complainant's evidence being unsupported, and moreover rather contradictory, the case was dismissed. Mary Bassett expressed a wish to swear the peace" against Given Walters. The former said that she made the applica- tion in consequence of threats of personal violence made bv the defendant towards her. Defendant's husband came for- ward, and said, that the complainant wished "to break his step-daughter's character." To prove that, he related a long story, the drift of which was, that his step-daughter was a servant in the family of complainant's brother-that one even- ing the latter became intoxicated and would not admit his wife into the house, and that a leg of mutton which was in the bouse disappeared. After the row" was over, complainant, who was at the time in the house, made some sidewind insinua- tions that the disappearance of the mutton was effected by the interference or the narrator's step daughter. The com- plainant positively denied having made any such insinuation. The existence of the original cause of the difference having been denied, the Magistrates expressed an opinion that, as the cause had been removed, the effect ought to cease, and ac- cordingly dismissed the belligerents without ordering the de- fendant to find the required sureties. THE LATE REBECCA. DISTURBANCES.—Just as the Ma- gistrates were about leaving the Court, Mr. J. G. Haneorne presented a petition, which was numerously and respectably signed by the parishioners of Pennard, Gower, protesting against an order signed by J. D. Llewelyn, L. LI. Dillwyn, the Rev. S Davies, and several other Magistrates, by which the parishioners were saddled with the expenses incurred by watching the gates by the constables during the late outrages on the part of Rebecca and her daughters," and expressing a hope that the same would be countermanded. Mr. Hancorne stated, that the parishioners, in public vestry assembled a few days ago, « one and all," most strenuously protested against paying the expense of watching the gate, as it was well-known that the people of the parish of Pennard were not in the least degree tinctured with Rebercaism, and that it was perfectly unnecessary, so far as the parishioners were concerned, to watch the gate; but as the Magistrates thought proper to J employ the constables, Mr. Haneorne very urgently contended that the expenses incurred should be equally borne by the whole county. ¡ur. Attwood stated, that some time ago, in consequence of the Magistrates being divided in opinion upon the subject, some gentlemen, entertaining a doubt whether parishes were legally liable for the expenses incident upon watching the gates, he (Mr. Attwood) was requested to write to the Se- cretary of State, who was a high authority upon such subjects. The Secretary of State sent an answer to the effect, that the parishes were liable, and that there was no other source out of which the expense could be defrayed. Since then, said Mr. Attwood, there had been a correspondence upon the same subject, between Mr. Peorice, of Kilvrough, and the Secretary of State, and the latter went so far as to state that he had no right to interfere, but that the business ought to be left en. tirely to the Magistrates, whose duty it was to make an order upen the parishes. Dr. Hewson state. that tbe Magistrates at Quarter Sessions might take the subject into consideration but they (the Ma- gistrates present) had no right to revoke the act of the Magis- trates who had signed the order. Mr. Hancorne thought it to be a very hard case that the parishioners should pay, particularly as there was no Re- becca" in their neighbourhood. He was not afraid to entrust his crop, stock, and all his property without being watched. The Rev. S. Davies reminded Mr. Hancorne, that a gate in the neighbourhood had been destroyed, and that many re- spectable farmers had declined paying toll in passing through Pennard gate. Mr. Hancorne said, that he was not aware such had been the case in his parish. A Pennard Parishioner:—You must not talk of Rebecca with we. We be no Rebeccas. (Laughter). Dr Hewson again staled, that the order of the Magistrates might be re-considered at the Quarter Sessions, but there was no power given to do so at Petty Sessions. The Rev. S. Davies thought it would be a useful piece of in- fQrmatioo to some parishes to know that they would be liable for the outrages committed therein. The Pennard Parishioner:-We be quiet people-we had no riots since the world began. (A laugh). After some further conversation with Mr. Haneorne, in which Dr. Hewson, Mr. Grove, and Mr. Berrington, took part, the application was dismissed, Mr. Hancorne expressing his intention of bringing forward the subject at the Quarter Sessions. —————- CARMARTHEN TIN WORKS. — Final arrangements,we are happy to hear, have been entered into for the carrying on of these Works with renewed energy, and the spirited new proprietors, Messrs. Wayne and Dunn, have com- menced operations. We wish them every success. DULL STATE OF THE IRON TRADE.—We are sorry to nnderstand, from the purport of vaiions communications received from different parts of the iron districts, that the prospect of a further amendment in this important branch, is not so good at present as it was some weeks past; indeed, the temporary demand for iron, which has for some months existed, and which has cleared off undoubtedly a great portion of accumulated stocks, is subsiding, and it is feared, unless some unforseen order arrive very shortly, the works which are at present manufacturing busily, will be obliged to curtail their make. Should such all event ticcnr, the re- lapse will be severely felt by the poor workmen, who are still struggling to recover the ground lost by the distress which bad before so long existed but it fearfully indicates the insane policy of depending upon the home market solely for consumption, and blurting out, by nnwise restrictive laws, foreign buyers, who would gladly exchange their produce for our iron. FATAL ACCIDENT. —ON Saturltay a child fell into the pond attached to the works at Cwmavon, in this county, and was carried by the stream under the water wheel. When found, life was extinct. THE LATH OUTRAGES AT RHAYADER.—An adjourned meeting of Magistrates was held at Rhavaderon Wednesday, the 22.) ult.. Sir J. B. Walsh, Bart. in the chair, having for its object, the consideration of the best mode of suppressing .1 the outrages, of bringing the offenders to justice, and of conciliating the aggrieved parties. The Magistrates passed resolutions, stating it to be their opinion that the late de- plorable outrages at Rhayader, prove the existence of a confederacy, systematically organized, for the purpose of resistance to the law, and of obtaining its object by force, violence, and intimidation," and consequently, the. magis- trates consider the presence of the Military and Metropo- litan Police, absolutely requisite" while such confederacy exists. The same bench of Magistrates afterwards held a Petty Sessions, the chief business of which consisted of a number of turnpike toll cas"s—parties having passed the toll-house without paying toll, the gates having been de- stroyed. Fourteen respectable fai mers, resident within a few miles of the town, appeared to answer summonses, issued against them at the instance of the contractor for the tolls of the district, Mr. Edward James, for having, on or about the 14th nit., passed the tott house, which at that time was not demolished, at the foot of the bridge, the gate then being down, some with horses, others with sheep, cattle, &c., without paying the nsual tolls. Four were convicted in the sum of 11. each and costs; one was fined 21. and costs and the remainder were discharged. M Aitctl OF KNAVERY —A good specimen of this oc- curred a few days ago in the peaceable iiitle town of Crick- howell. It appears that some time ago, Edward Lewis, a member of the Union Benefit Society, established with all due foims as laid down by the provisions of the 10 of Geo. 4th, had represented to the society that he had the misfor- tune to bury his better-half, and applied for the stated allowance in such cases. The poor fellow not being prepa red with any document to prove this fact, and living at a distance, was requested by the officers to be so prepared at the next meetiognight, when the leqtiired document as the members supposed was produced at the appointed time, when the leqtiired amount, viz.—nine pounds, was bunded over to the unfortunate member, who gave a receipt for it, his bro- ther members very feelingly sympathizing at the same time with him in the very serious loss he had sustained. But the sequel to this tale of woe remains to be told, for it is now aseei lained beyond all doubt (for tbe fellow is folly com- milled to prison, to be tried at the next sessions of the peace for this county) that the wife for whom lie claimed this allowance, and received it. is no less a personage than an aged cow, which be had the misfortune to lose, and that the certificate alluded to was his marriage certificate.— Silurian. Good apples are selling in and near Ledbury at one shilling per bushel of ten gallons. The farmers in the same locality a e now selling cider at three pence per gallott.- Hereford Times. CHEAP FISH.-So great has been the glut of fish in this city (turirg the past week, that cod fish weighing 25tbs. each, and in capital condition, were disposed of for the low pi ice of Is.! Herrings also have been hawked about our streets four for a penny, and moderate-sized soles at a penny a pair Bath Herald. A short time since. Mr. G-, a farmer residing in a neighbouring connty, invited some friends to assist him in drawing off the water from a large pond, for the pnrpose of taking the finllv tribe with which it was thickly populated. In the course of the operation a gentleman of the party ac- cidentally discovering tint one of the feeding springs had a strong mineral impregna ion, called out to his host, I say, G-, here's a fine chalybeate;" Is there" said G "that's rigbt,-put him iu the bucket I" The brig Cuhana arrived at oar port fron) Coba on Sooday, having been at sea about twelve weeks. She had encountered very severe weather, and had one of her masts carried away, and was consequently thrown on her beam- ends. To save the vessel, the master ordered the other to be cnt away also, and the rest of the voyage was performed under jury masts. Two of the crew died at Cuba. Wtt.L-MAKt\G —At the Consistory Court, on Thurs- day last, Mr. Davies appeared as procior for Hannah Dance, widow, ntidcr the following circumstances. William Dance, of Ashlworth, died about the middle of October last, having had his will made a day or two previously bv one Jonathan Williams, a tailor by trade, but who is a sort of village lawyer, and who has in this instance afforded a proof of the adage, that "a little learning is a dangerous thing." This man called in a poor woman, a near neighbour of the deceased, as a witness, to whom he produced a paper in the kitchen of the house of the deceased (I he deceased himself being confined to bed upstairs), to which she attached her mark, and Williams also wrote his name; but it appears the woman was never in the presence of the deceased, either at or after the time of his attaching his mark to the will and the law requires the signatu e of (he testator shall be affixed in the presence of two witnesses to the will. The facts above stated being ascertained, Mr. Stnalliidge, on behalf of the next-of-kin ot the deceased, had entered a caveat against the proof of any will of, or grant of administration to the effects of the deceased. The facts thus detailed were deposed to by Williams, and administration was sought to be obtained for the widow; but the court required an affidavit from the other attesting witness confii m itory of Williams before giving judgment. Through William's ignorance, therefore, of the requirements of the law, the lvidow is deprived of the good intentions of her husband towards her, and a large portion of the effects will be swallowed up in costs and stamp duties. We are induced to give this case publicity by way of cantion agimst employing unskilful persons in the important office of will-making, particularly as an ordinary will may be made properly by any respectable solicitor at all expense of a guinen. —Gloucester Journal.

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