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TO c'dRRE3P6NDENT £ . '



STIPENDIARY JUSTICES. WTS are apt, in these latter days, to term the Session now rapidly coming to a close a wasted one—conspicuous for the rejection of good Bills, and the adoption of bad ones, for the inconsistency of Liberal Members, and the all but universal apathy shown by Mem- bers, Liberal and Conservative, in the inte- rests of the public. But when we glance back through the past few months, we see that if Bills of great importance, and Mea- sures of vast import, have oiUier fallen to the ground or been postponed, minor Bills of great worth, and certain to be attended, in their practical working, by substantial bene- fits, remain legalized among us. One of these, and worthy of taking high rank, is a Bill prepared and brought in by Messrs. Sheridan and Bazeley, for the pur- pose of facilitating the appointment of Sti- pendiary iIJ agistrates in towns and places in England and Wales, containing populations of not less than 25,000 people. Here,Jn our immediate district, we have not, fortuth^jely, any reason to complain c £ the administration of ,law; we may, iadeed, go so far as tb state that the administration of law inv this district is the administration of justice, but a great many among us are old enough to remember a time when the case was different, when MerLhyr, like a little parish or a village, had its justices, who ruled in happy ignorance of equity, who meted out justice after very peculiar notions, who con- sidered the names of pauper and poacher synonyuies, could not imagine honesty to have any lurkirg^place beneath rags, and deemed a respectable exterior ttyc proof of a very respectable moral eo-'xiKioiif wiVhi:i. One exception may be adduced-in t^ie person of the late Doctor, who undoubledl^ierred,— and who ic there immaculate ?—but. iom^grred occasionally, his "decisions were invariably given with a bluff honesty and a hearty cau- dour that proved the muciveto be a good oue. though the judgment was imperfect. If we, however, have received the privileges wivch the appointment of a Hrpondiary Ma- gistrate yields, there is many a district not so fortunate, and for the good o" ibes-3 we iCtjept this Bill with gratification, as an iii. stalment of that which aoine day or another will be distributed equally over the whole country. In the preamble of the Bill Wt., read that "he administration of justice ha-.iig become difficult in populous places, bs it enacted that parishes, townships, and places of the '•and, be incorporated under the Act inti- tuled an Act for the Itegulation of Muni- cipal Corporations in Town and (Jountry. Therefore, if the Local Board of Health, or fcho inhabitants of any such place, shall ..hmk it requisite that a s -aricd justice of the peace should be appoint- d, the Board or the inhabitants may convene a public meeting for the purpose of discussing the subject; such meeting to be duly convened, the notice signed by the Chairman of the Board, or, if there be no Board, by fifteen rated inhabi- tants. The Resolution, if carried by a majo, iity, recommending the appointment of a Stipendiary Justice, to bo presented to Her Majesty, praying for the appointment of a salaried justice, and thereupon Her Majesty will grant the wishes of her petitioners. C, Then follows the necessary regulations guiding those appointed. Justices, we find by these regulations, may act as justices with or without other justices, but must not act out of the limits, except in cer- tain cases, such as in the event of any riot, prize figbt. or in the event of having taken the oath of qbalilipation. Thcv must not be Members of Parhamerrt; they must reside within their jurisdiction aud the amount of salary ia to be decided at the preliminary meeting. Such, with many important clauses is the new Bill, and we heartily trust such places as Tredegar, Brycmawr, EKbw Vale, and other important districts on the hilh," Vrjll soon enjoy its benefits. LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. NOT BAD.—Some short time sgo a gentleman of no mean innileice in this town was present when the Reading FtiRe corps went through their various evolutions. Some person asked what he thought of them? "A fine body of men" was the reply, but I should not like to be their washerwoman if the French were to invade the country." EXCURSION TRAIN,-On Saturday evening last Tin excursion train left the Vale of Neath Station for Swansea, Carmarthen, Milford, and interme- diate stations. The fares being low. and the weather favourable, no less than about 600 availed themselves of the opportunity of a visit to the sea side. Notwithstanding that the number con- veyed was so large, the arrangements of the rail- way officials were so perfect that not the slightest inconvenience by crowding was experienced, nor was there an accident of any kind, nor even the slightest delay to lessen the pleasure of the garty. A similar excursion is announced to take place on Saturday, the 11th instant, and another, in conjunction with a steamer trom Swansea to Ilfracombe on the 18th, both of which we have ;n° doubt will be equally patronized. THE PEACE SOCIETY.-On Tuesday last Mr. O'N eil, a lecturer on behalf of this society, de- livered an address at the Temperance Hall, on the wasteful expenditure which this country has incurred in useless wars, and is incurring in the maintenance of its large military and naval forces, and other means of offence and defence. The remarks of the speaker appeared to receive the approval of the audience, as was indicated by ,-the frequent applause with which his denuncia- tions were received. The Rev. G. W, Hum- phreys, B.A., occupied the chair, and there were on the platform the liev. R Jones. Y nysgoi, and the Rev. G. Jones, Bethesda, both of whom supported a resolution condemnatory of the pro- posed grant for increased fortifications. The volunteer rifle corps appeared to afford a great Convenience to one or two of the speakers, as their abuse served in the place of argument—one rev. speaker in the enthusiasm cf hb denuncia- tion branding them as "corps of savage men" rather than riflemen! We shall be more iiberal with this gentleman than he appeared to be towards the Sifle Volunteer Movemr-nt, by ex- pressing our belief that he really does not look upon those of his townsmea vi ho are mem- bers of a rifle corps as ravages, and would not have made the remark had he time for reflection. It was a lapsus lingua, induced perhaps by an inadequate consideration of tho subject for"the discussion of which the meeting had been specially cnned. THE BOARD OF G-UAEDIANS.—At a meeting of the Board held on Saturday la&t, Ju'y 28rh, the following members were "present<3. T. Clark, Esq., (chainman), Messrs. L. Lewis, T. Williams, G. Martin, J. Ansell, J. W. Russell, D. RAes, R. II. Rhys, D. Williams, Aberdare, W. Wil- liams, Aberdare, Rev. E. Lewis, J. Perrott, J. Rees, D. Watkins, E. Thomas, C. Bassett, L. James.—Number admitted during the week, 15 discharged, 8; number in the house, 184; cor- responding week last year, 176; relieved out- door, 2518; corresponding week last year, 2419 amount of relief, C,213 5s.; corresponding week last year, £ 224 14s. lOd.—Religious services, July 21: morning, church, (Welsh), Rev. Rice Jones; evening, Bethesda, (Welsh), Rev. R. Gwesyn Jones.—Notice of the death of Mr. Evan Davies, medical officer of the Gellygaro district was read at the Board. VVITTON PARK IRON VV ORKs.-These works, situated in the North of England, are producing a greater elfect in the South Wales iron interest than perhaps any other cause, and that for the worse. We understand that iron ore can be brought to the furnace mouth for something like 3s. 6d. per ton at these works, while the iron masters of our own district arc paying, under re- newed leases, from 12s. to 14s. the ton. It may be interesting to some of our readers to know that the chief proprietor of the Witton Park Works, Mr. John Vaughan, is an enterprising and successful Welshman from our own district, and that his father, not many years ago, was a roller at Dowlais. From thence he removed afterwards to Melyn Griffith, where he worked for many years, and where his sou John Vaughan was born and bred in the mysteries ot iron making—and that in the hard school of a work- man's son. From Wales John Vaughan went to Carlisle as foreman in an iron making establish- ment, and some years after found hiin a partner in a similar manufactory at Newcastle-on-Tyne. Success will follow some men simply because they not only deserve but command it; and Mr. Vaughan's practical eye soon saw tue advantages connected with the Witton Park estate for making :ron cheap, and in connexion with others lie leased a tract of country many hundred acres in extent, where he has now nineteen furnace" in full operation, and pava something like £ 6,G00 a week in wages. Mr- Vaughan, with a character- idLie good will comes down from time to lime and hunts up his old associates at Mel.vn Griffith, much to tneir satisfaction aud advaniuge, md though wejn this disti'icl; get some hard blows from an old neighbour, we ea oot but sincerely congratulate Mr, V&uprlmn upon the potion which he has made for hlwself. THE SOCIAL EVIL. The commi ttee of the House of Refuge for South Wales mettle second '"re last Friday at Neath. THe Dean of Llandaff was in the chair; there "0 also present Admiral Ward, N. Edwaius V.vug'uan, Enq., G. T. Ohi-k Ssq^, i ai il M. M-ggridge, Esq., the Rector of Neath, W. II. y "Et-q T. IC S-Tmth, EI"q E. Dcrics, Esq., LL.p., the Rector of Mertliyr, and 1,h. John W diet t. Minutes of the last were read Knu sue chairman. The oecreiary had yr-en;.red a 1 íst of tho Fur^eribsr? which be reud to tue meeting, by which if, wcuiu appear that the •subscription at present nnjounts to about £ "Z~0. Alter tho reading of Ibid iist tho committee T>T-jee^ded to settle thn rales of fcim society, a l)l'c;gi'ammeor which had been already prepared, ah agreed at the previous meetint;, by the se-jre- iarv. Whea the draft of these_rules had been read, Mr. IViichael mov'cd the following resolution: bMf, the draft rules now .read be printed and circulated among the members of the general committee, with a note from the secretary request- ing aucli geniieniaTi to return the rules wittt any remarks thereon not later than the second week ihat sucu remarks be collected by the secretary aud submitted to a meeting of the general com- mittee to beheld at Cardiff on the 19th of August, 1860." This resolution not being seconded, the com- mittee proceeded to f he Oil of. tJle programme and. to the general rules of the institution, which were adopted and ordered to be circulated. The purport of the rules arc to the intent that the principles of the mstftulion shall lie earned cut m accordance with the true christian faith us set forth in Gud's Holy Word, that its inmates shall undergo such discipline as will tend to"the formation of religious, moral and ,industn1