The Country's Call Enthusiastic Response in the Rhondda. By Friday last over 3,000 men from the Rhondda had joined Lord Kitchener's Army, in addition to those who had joined the Special Reserves and the Territorials. Mr. Leonard Morgan, a son of Mr. I). Watts Morgan, the chief miners' agent for the Rhondda Valley, has enlisted in the "12th Lancers. He has been joined by several "pals" from the Porth district. Over 600 men—according to Mr. H. N. Sheppard (Unionist agent for the Rhon- d(la)-liave, gone from the Conservative- clubs in the districts, while Labour clubs, too, have supplied strong contingents. Credit for the admirable work done in the district is due to Mr. Leonard W. Llewelyn, in charge of the Mid-Rhondda stations; Mr. D. Llewellyn Treharne, of the Upper Rhondda station; and Mr. F. L. Jacob, of the Rhondda. Fach station, with their excellent recruiting sergeants Sergeant Garner (Tonypandy), Sergeant Coxhall (Upper Rhondda), Sergeant Joshua Jones (Upper Rhondda), Sergeant NiXton (Ferndale), Colour-Sergeant Weeks (Porth), and Sergeant Gwilym (Porth). Very great assistance is being given by the police, under Superintendent Edwards (Ton-Pentre), and Inspectors Davies (Toiiypandy), Thomas (Ferndale), aoud Williams (Porth). In despatching the recruits Colour-Sergeant Weeks and Ser- geant Gwilym, at Porth, place an old soldier in charge of each party. They are receiving valuable help from Councillor A. J. Orchard, Mr. H. N. Sheppard (Unionist agent), and Mr. D. Watts Morgan. Recruiting is still proceeding at a brisk rate. During Monday 531 men enlisted at the four recruiting stations, bringing the total up to over 4,000. There were 181 at Ferndale, 129 at Porth, 121 at Tonypandy, and 100 at Pentre. On Tues- day 60 enlisted at Tonypandy, 50 in Porth, and 35 in Ferndale. The Treorcliy Rugby Club have resolved to cancel all fixtures until the war is over. Eleven members of the club have joined the Army, and the Treorcliy junior players, numbering 35, have enlisted en bloc. Why not a Pals" Battalion for Mid- Rhondda? A number of recruits would readily join providing they had some assurance that they would be accom- panied by one of their "Dais." Rhondda Relief Fund Among the subscriptions to the Rhondda Relief Fund received by the lion, secre- tary (Mr. W. P. Nicholas) is one of £ 100 from the Rhondda Valleys Brewery (Ltd.), Pontypridd and Treherbert. At a meeting of the Rhondda Valley Licensed Victuallers' Association, held at the Royal Hotel, Clydach Vale, on Satin- day, it was unanimously decided that every licensed victualler, from Ponty- pridd to Treherbert and Mardy, be asked to contribute towards the National Relief Fund.
To all Public School and University Men. A public meeting in support of the pro- posal to form a Welsh Battalion of the Publ ic School and University Contingent (which is now being constituted by con- sent of the War Office) will be held in the College Buildings, Cathays Park, on Monday, September 14th, 1914. The chair will be taken at 5.30 p.m. by the Right Hon. the Earl of Plymouth. The fo l low- Hon. the Earl of Plymouth. The follow- ing will also be present:—The Right Hon. Lord Aberdare, the Right Hon. Lord Pontypridd, the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor of Cardiff, Colonel L. East, officer commanding the Severn Defences Colonel D. HepTTurn, in command of the 3rd Western General Hospital; Mr. T. E. Watson, president of the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce; Mr. D. A. Thomas, M.A. Major-General H. H. Lee, and the prin- cipal of the college. All past and present members of any British Public School or University are invited to attend. It is hoped that the movement will receive the support, not only of those eligible for enlistment, but also of all wh o, feel that our schools and universities should give practical evidence of their desire and ability to help our country in the present crisis. A recruiting office has been opened at the College, to which names may be sent for enrolment. So far, the response has been very satisfactory.
) The Progress of the War. On Monday, official intelligence was re- ceived that a new manoeuvre was in pro- gress in the western area. The Germans, who had reached the line of the Marne at La Ferte-sous-J ouarre and taken Rheims, developed a new attack on the French centre and right. Tho outflank- ink movement, however, seemed to have failed, and the enemy were definitely checked southward and south-eastward of the Meuse. On the same day news came to hand of the destruction of the third British warship which had fallen a victim to German mines. H.M.S. Pathfinder, a light cruiser of 2,940 tons, struck a mine. on Saturday afternoon off the East Coast, and foundered. The captain and 50 or 60 of the crew were rescued. The Wilson liner Runo was also mined off the East Coast on Saturday. She had 300 people aboard, but all except about 20 were saved. The Admiralty further announced that a German squadron, of two cruisers and four destroyers, has sunk 15 British fish- ing boats in the North Sea, the crews being taken to Wilhemshaven as prisoners of war. On Tuesday, reliable information came to hand that a great battle opened on Sunday, when, taking the offensive along their whole front from Paris to Verdun, a distance of about 160 miles, the Allies won a great victory over the Germans, driving back the enemy, who retreated northward. In this great battle the British Army played an important part, crushing the force opposed to them, and annihilating the Imperial Guard, of which the German Crown Prince was in command. It was reported that both wings of the German forces were turned by the Allies. The right wting being due south from Na.nteuil-le-Haudouin, 31 miles north-east of Paris, to Meaux, and thence eastward to Vitry-le-Francois, 115 miles from the capital. From that point trending north- east up to the fortress of Verdun. It was also announced that the enemy had received a severe check from the Belgians. An effort to cut communica- tions between Ghent and Antwerp ended disastrously. Near Lokeren they were defeated and driven back on Brussels, and they were said to have left 3,000 dead on the field. On Wednesday, still more favourable news came to hand, showing a complete rout of the Germans. All along the line of 210 miles from Paris to Verdun and Nancy the Allies were driving back the Germans or hold- ing their own against them. Official news from France indicated that in the west the enemy's retreat had be- come a rout, the Germans having fled, leaving many heavy ammunition wagons in the hands of the British and French Forces, who captured many prisoners, in- cluding an entire infantry battalion and a. mitrailleuse company. The enemy's right wing was pushed back 30 miles further from Paris, while their centre retreated from Vitry-le-Francois, an angle in their front about 110 miles from the capital. Attacks on Nancy were repulsed, and further to the east the French re-captured two important passes in the Vosges. Maftbeuge was still holding out gallantly, and the French Minister of War told the defenders that he hoped the hour of their deliverance would come soon. In order to obtain food the Germans were endeavouring to occupy the Flemish provinces in the north-west of Belgium. They agreed not to enter Ghent on con- dition that it furnished supplies. Requisi- tions of food, forage, and motor vehicles, valued at £ 2,000,000, had been made be- tween Brussels and Oudenarde to supply the troops in North France. For three days the inhabitants of Liege had been prohibited from leaving their houses so that they might not see the passage of numbers of the enemy's troops who are returning to Germany. Belgian railways are now guarded by German sailors—a fact which is held to prove that the enemy's reserves are being exhausted. The Kaiser had a quarrel with his Imperial Chancellor and Foreign Secre- tary, the two Ministers being held respon- sible for the diplomatic blunders which led to, the coalition of the great Powers against Germany. Jt is reported that resignations have been tendered. Further reports on Wednesday showed that the number of Austrian prisoners in the hands of the Russians had reached 82,000. The fortress of Nicholaieff, to the south of Lemberg, had been captured. To the north a great battle, which lasted three days and is likely to continue for several more, is raging; the Russians are attempting to annihilate the remainder of the Austrian army, a.nd thus clear the way for the advance on Berlin. A French official statement, issued at Paris at 4.40 p.m. on Wednesday, is most encouraging. It says:— (1) On the left wing, although the Germans have reinforced their troops, the situation remains satisfactory. The enemy is falling back before the British Army. (2) In the centre the advance is slow but general. (3) On the right wing there has been no action of the enemy against the Grand Couronne of Nancy. (4) In the Vosges and Alsace there are no changes. The Bale correspondent of the Rome "Corriere Delia Sera" telegraphs that the Germans have evacuated Upper Alsace.
I No Separate Peace. I The Allies' Compact. DECLARATION. The undersigned, duly authorised thereto hy their respec- tive Governments, hereby declare as fol- lows The British, French and Russian Governments mutually engage not to conclude peace separately during the present war. The three Governments agree that when terms of peace come to he dis- cussed no one of tho Allies will demand conditions of peace without agreement of each of the other Allies. In faith whereof, the undersigned have signed this declaration and have affixed thereto their seals. Done at London, in trplicate, this fifth day of September, 1914. (L. S.) E. GREY, his Britannic Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. (L.s') PAUL CAMBON, Ambas- sador-Extraordinary Plenipotentiary of the French Republic. (L.S.) BENCKENDORFF, Ambas- sador-Extraordinary and Plenipoten- tiary of his Majesty the Emperor of Russia. I Austrian Emperor III. The Excelsior," Paris, gives currency to a report from Petrograd (St. Peters- burg) that the Emperor Francis Joseph is dangerously ill, having had a paralytic stroke.
I Russians in France. A rumour has been persistently cir- culated throughout the district during the last fortnight that Russian troops had been landed in Scotland, and of train after train of Russian soldiers being brought down from the North to be silently shipped across the Channel. The Press, with commendable reticence, ignored these rumours, but the Italian paper, The Tribuna," on Monday pub- lished a telegram from Berlin stating that the Kaiser has left French territory with the headquarters staff for Metz, and attributed this retreat to the official news of the concentration of 250,000 Russian troops in France." Although the Russian Embassy in London told Press representatives they had no official information on the sub- ject," nor had the Press Bureau had any confirmation, there appeared to be no objection to the publication of the item in the British Press, and there is little doubt that Russian soldiers are in France to help repulse the invading Germans. Their numerical strength may be exager- rated, and it can only be a matter of conjecture where they are. It is probable when further confirmation of this news is to hand that it will be found that this sudden development of an unforeseen factor was the real cause of the German change of campaign, which seemed un- accountable in view of their rapid advance towards Paris last week.
I German, Navy. More Mine-Layers and Warships Projected- According to a Berlin message the state- ments made by members of the Reichstag on the subject of naval expansion appa- rently point at the building of 12 torpedo- boat divisions, six airship divisions, and a number of mine-layers and other craft. The rapid construction of three large warships and two smaller cruisers is also desired. This, it is argued, would mean an in- crease of 25 per cent. in the numerical strength of the German fleet, and of 100 per cent. in its fighting value.
Liner Oceanic Wrecked. ¡ All Lives Saved. The Press Bureau, at 11.45 on Wednes- day night, issued the following announce- ment The Secretary of the Admiralty an- nounces that the armed merchant cruiser Oceanic (White Star line) was wrecked yesterday near the North Coast of Scotland, and has become a total loss. The officers and crew were saved. Aid From India. From India 70,000 men, both cavalry and infantry, are being sent to aid our troops in France. Princely gifts have been made by some of the chiefs, including E330,000 from the Maharaja of Mysore, a hospital ship, houses, camels, and personal jewellery. The native rulers of India have risen to a man to the aid of the King-Emperor, and 700 have offered their personal ser- vices and the entire resources of their States in men and money. Russian Victory. A telegram from Petrograd to the "Messagero," Rome, states that the great battle at Rawaruska is over after lasting four days, and has resulted in a complete victory for the Russian arms. Among the prisoners are a large num- ber of Germans. The Austrians aro now retiring every- where, and have evacuated Russian Poland.
German Admissions. Balkan States Fauour Triple Entente. A telegram from Bukharest to the Koelnische Zeitung" says that public opinion in Roumania favours the Triple Entente. The influence of the King is not suffi- cient to change this state of affairs. About 200,000 troops are ready for ser- vice, but Roumania will remain neutral in the event of Turkey and Greece becom- ing involved in the war. In any case the situation in the Balkans is not yet clear. In Roumania and Greece feeling towards the Triple Alliance is hostile rather than favourable. Austrians Driven from Bosnia- A telegram from Cettinje, Montenegro, to the Corriere d'ltalia," Rome, states that after desperate fighting General Vukotich has occupied Focin, driving out 10,000 Austrians. The Austrian casualties amount to 2,000. Focin is regarded as the chief strategic point in Bosnia. Airship Cruises over London. The Secretary of the Admiralty an- nounces that it has been decided that one of the British naval airships shall make cruises over London during the next, few days, both by day and night. There is no necessity for the public to be alarmed at the sight of this airship over London during this time, and on no account should any attempts be made to fire at the au'- ship. National Relief Fund. The Prince of Wales' Fund on Wednes- day totalled R2,382,000, which is an in- crease of E52,000 compared with Tuesday. At a meeting at Mardy under the chair- manship of Dr. Glanville Morris, J.P., it was decided, in order to afford persons outside the Miners' Federation an oppor- tunity of subscribing to the Prince of Wales' War Fund, to divide Mardy into districts and to appoint collectors to make fortnightly visits. I Welsh Field Hospital. Subscriptions are still urgently needed for the Welsh Hospital to ensure that its length of service may not be shortened by lack of funds. Mr. William Jenkins (Treorcliy) and Mr. Thomas Evans (Pen- tyrch) subscribed £100 each on Wednes- day.
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Latest News. I Half-a-Million More Men. I Parliament on Thursday unanimously sanctioned the recruiting of another 500,000 men. Mr. Asquith stated that when these were obtained Great Britain would be in a position to put something like 1,200,000 men into the field, exclusive of the National Reserve and the magnifi- cent contributions from India and the Dominions, and our own Territorials. Mr. Asquith, when moving the vote for the additional half-million men for the Army, said 439,000 men, exclusive of Terri- torials, had joined the Army since the declaration of war. Mr. McKenna stated that of 66,773 registered alien enemies in the British Isles, 37,475 were in London, and 9,079 in Ireland. ) Furthef British Successes. I The Central News telegraphs on Thurs- day that the enemy has been driven back all along the line. Sir John French re- ports our First Army Corps buried 200 Germans, and captured 12 Maxim guns and some prisoners. The Second Army Corps captured 300 prisoners and a bat- tery. Germans have suffered severely, and their men are said to be very ex- hausted. British troops have crossed the Marne in northerly direction, forcing back the Germans 25 miles. ROME, Tuesday. Bucharest correspondent of "Messagero" telegraphs that thousands of Austrian deserters have crossed into Roumanian territory. They declare entire Austrian Army is in state of disruption. AMSTERDAM. According to Costburg telegram 200 German Uhlans are making their way to Bruges from Ghent. Milan paper, Secolo," publishes tele- gram from Bucharest stating Roumania has refused proposal made by Talaat Bey that she should form a.n alliance with Turkey and Bulgaria. Central News correspondent who visited Termonde says hospital was burned down by Germans; also Convent, Royal Academy, Labour Buildings, and numerous houses. Principal Church, Town Hall, and Museum were spared. I Prince Albert. I Official bulletin this morning says Prince Albert passed quiet night and is doing well after his operation for appendicitis. Admiralty announces cruiser Vindictive has captured German collier in Atlantic. Prize has 5,000 tons of Welsh coal aboard. WASHINGTON, Thursday. German Embassy states fifty millions of hundred million pounds war loan will be in Treasury bills other half will be State loan unredeemable, issued at 97] with in- terest at 5 per cent. News from German source received in Amsterdam gives denial to statement that Kaiser has left for Metz. Naval Activity in the North Sea. I The Secretary of the Admiralty stated that on Wednesday and Thursday strong and numerous squadrons and flotillas made a complete sweep of the North Sea up to and into the Heligoland Bight. The German Fleet made no attempt to inter- fere with our movements, and no German ship of any kind was seen. Lord Fisher's Message The Secretary of the Admiralty com- municates the following statement for publication. Lord Fisher of Kilverston has sent the following telegram to Commodore Wilfred Henderson, commanding the first Naval Brigade of the Royal Naval Division, of which Lord Fisher was recently appointed to be Honorary Colonel: — Tell the First Royal Naval Brigade how very deeply I appreciate the privi- lege of being the honorary colonel. I am coming to see them immediately. Tell them to look forward to splendid duty both by sea and land. Our island history is full of glorious deeds of sailors' brigades in every war. Let us beat the record. A fight to the finish. (Signed) FISHER (Admiral of the Fleet). Capture of Krupp Experts. I A telegram from Amsterdam on Thurs- day states that a large German aeroplane has been shot at and brought down by Belgians at Stryten, in East Flanders, the incident leading to important captures. Three officers in it proved to be well- known experts from Krupp's, including Jacob and Scheljenk, who delivered the guns to the new Belgian forts a few months ago, and Von Metzen, prominent in Krupp's experiments. All of them were arrested. I Total of British Casualties up to I September 7th. The returns from general headquarters just received giving the total number of killed, wounded and missing up to Sep- tember 7th as :— Officers 584 Other Ranks 18,140 Grand Total 18,724
I Collier to Pastor. I I New Pentre Minister Who I Worked in a Pit. The Rev. R. Griffiths, late Welsh Bap- tist minister at Seion, Porth, was on Thursday ordained to the pastorale of Moriah Chapel, Pentre. The rev. gentle- man in his earlier days worked under- ground for many years. I I He Was Not Afraid. George Dennis Shiel, a young recruit from Clydach Vale, who enlisted at Tony- pandy on August 20th, was charged at Porth on Thursday with deserting from the South Wales Borderers at Pembroke Dock. Defendant said lie deserted because he had not had a change of clothes for a fortnight, and no soap and water to wash. The presiding magistrate (Mr. David Thomas): Show a little more grit, man. My bey did not grumble under the cir- cumstances. Display more pluck when you get before the enemy. Defendant (smiling): I am not afraid. Defendant was remanded to await an escort. At the same Court Edward Tate. a young Tonyrefail collier, summoned for drunkenness, was advised by the presiding magistrate to join the colours. "Why don't you go out and join the colours in- stead of getting drunk. I would be ashamed of myself if I were you." The case was adjourned for defendant's good behaviour. Two other Tonyrefail defendants were said to have enlisted, and their cases were withdrawn.
RHONDDA MEN AT THE FRONT. F P, 0 1L T JJl Many of our readers are doubt- less receiving letters from friends and relatives at the front. We shall be pleased to publish ex- tracts from these which might be of general interest. The actual letters, with the envelopes in which they were for- warded, should be sent to us with the name, rank, and regiment of the writer. All extracts used will be paid for at our usual rates and the letters returned intact to the senders. *k*
Rhondda Teachers' Patriotism. The committee of the Pontypridd and Rhondda Branch of the National Union of Teachers decided on Thursday evening to contribute the sum of £ 10 to the Prince of Wales' Relief Fund, and also £ 10 to the Belgian Relief Fund. It was further deci_ ded to levy all teachers 6d. in the £ oil all salaries paid this month, and 3d. in the £ per month until the war termi- nated.
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Tors-Pentre. Air. R. J. Rhys, coroner, held an in- quest at lon-Pentre on Monday on J. Pritchard, Ton, who sustained fatal i-i juries on Tuesday as the result of a fall from a ladder while he was painting a house in Catilt-i- tie Street. The jury re- turned a verdict of "Accidental death."
Central News Latest War Telegrams. ROME, Wednesday. Official message from Petrograd re- ports battle of extreme violence aJong entire Austrian front. Russians were everywhere victorious. Austrian centre was broken. Booty taken by Russians at Nicoloueff was immense; 20,000 prisoners were taken. Official message from Berlin an- nounces issue of first War Loan of one milliard marks in redeema ble bonds, and tilliard marks non- redeemable. PETROGRAD. Austrians on Tuesday were retreat- ing in great numbers before pursuing Russians ot ZamoStje, Grabashir, and Rava Russka. Columns of enemy's provisions trains were dispersed by Russian artillery fire. Fierce battle is proceeding from Avonisski to Druester River.
A CUTE MILKBOY. A boy delivering milk for a dairy in the suburbs of London was stopped the other day i in his round of calls bv two of our detective oiffcers, who asked him who he delivered the milk for. The:- hov, on telling them, was asked if they put any- thing in the milk? Oh, yes," was the innocent answer "and if eachof YewiIIp-iemeape?nv I'ntpHye." l iiii" The omcers.thin?in? they had got a dear ca.se. readily ?ave the pence, wilh the question, Now, what do vou put in the milk?" Oh," said the boy, witli a cunning look, I put the measure in every time I tak ony oot."
Workmen's Hall, TON PENTRE. Proprietors The Maindy and Eastern Workmen Week commencing Sept. 14,1914. McKenzie & Shannon In a Vocal Comedy Act. RIO & PYM, The Great Comedy Acrobatic Duo. In addition to Pictures. Pictures Changed Mid week. 6-45 TWICE NIGHTLY 8-45 Matinee on Wednesday Morning at 10.30 Children's Perfoimance on Saturday at 3. PRICES AS USUAL. Cardiff Empire. Proprietors MOSS EMPIRE, Ltd. Managing Director FRANK ALUX. Manager U. T. HUTCHISON. Monday, Sept. 14, and twice nightly during: the week. OLGA, ELGftR & ELI HUDSON In a Musical Melange. JAMES A. WATTS. THE MACNAUGHTOSS in fresh outbursts of hilarity. JACK MARKS. I MAUDE YEllA. SISTERS REEVE. FIVE OLRACS. "Fun in a briv.ins;.room." Latest War News aud Films nightly. Telt pi o ie No. 625, Cardiff. PAVILION TREORCHY. Proprietors :—The Express Holler Skating & Picture Palace Co. Manager, R. Mothersill. Monday, August 31st, 1914. 6.45 TWICE NIGHTLY 8.46 A Grand Programme OF PICTURES and VARIETY. Two Star Programmes of the moe'uX"p-to-date.FICTURES Prices 3d, 4di 6d. Early Doors 4d, 6d, So Star Programme of Pictures- changed twice weekly. 267
exhaustion, Britain, replenished by the strength and vigour of her best manhood, would emerge from the conflict with suffi- cient latent energy to enable her to dictate terms at the concluding Treaty. It is surely gratifying to be able to record the decision of the Allies that no attempt will be made to bring about separate peace arrangements when the war is over. "Unity is strength," and never will the old adage be more clearly exemplified than in the closing stages of the bloody issue. Young men of tho Rhondda, you have dene nobly. Glamor- gan has sent over 10,000 recruits to, the new Army, and our colliery villages from Blaenrhondda to Pontypridd and Mardy have shown the nation that its patriotism is no fictitious sentiment, but a real vital force which takes practical form when the enemy is at the gate. Mothers of the Rhondda, we salute you With Spartan- liko fortitude you have spared your nearest and best for the defence of our hearths and homes. Every young man who fulfils the conditions laid down is needed to wipe out the ghastly deeds at Louvain and Mons. Your brothers are lying in the trenches faced by fearful odds" They call for your aid in a time of national peril. We do not believe that any eligible Briton will turn a deaf ear to this call for help. We congratulate the Rhondda upon its contribution during the past three or four weeks, but we have the greatest confidence that our local resources have not by any means been exhausted. Under the inspiring leadership of Messrs. Leonard Llewellyn, David Treharne, and Jacob, aided by a. large number of more obscure but none the less effective workers in the business of recruiting, we hope and believe that when the final statistics arc available, Rhondda will hold a proud position in the list of districts which have answered the country's ap- peal for help in a period of dire national peril. We cannot conclude our remarks with- out making reference to the self-sacrifice and devotion of the medical gentlemen who have been in attendance at the recruiting stations day after day, also to the many willing helpers who assisted in the clerical work, and last, but by no means least, to the Justices of the Peace who sat hour after hour swearing-in the new recruits before they were sent off to the various depots. All this contribution of service is a very real national assist- ance in the present stage of tho great conflict in which we are now engaged.