HOUSE OF LORDS.—TUESDAY. I The Morayshire Railway, the Nottingham Gas, The Cockermouth and Workington Railway, and the Laod- vcnrt and Southsea Tramway Bills, were a second time. The Dundalk, Carlingford, and Greenore Railway was or- dered to be recommitted. On the motion of Lord Chelmsford, the London Traffic Regulation Bill passed through committee. The Bill gives power to the corporation to regulate the city traf- fic subject to the sanction of the Home Secretary. The Cayman Islands Bill was read a third time and passed with the omission of certain money clauses. The Elec- tions during the Recess Bill passed through committee. The London Diocese Bill was read a third time and passed. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—TUESDAY. u I FLOGGING ON THE ".ILIAJESTI(j.In reply to Mr. Hadfield, Lord C. PAGET stated that his intention had been called to an article which appeared in the Liverpool Mercury, respecting the flogging of one of the crew of Her Majesty's ship Majestic. The punishment was inflicted under the sentence of a court martial, and was carried out by Captain Inglefield, an officer who had acquired an historical reputation for his researches in the Arctic regions, and whose character for kindness and humanity was well known. The charges against Captain Inglefield, which were contained in an anonymous letter, were a gross libel, and had been directly contra- dicted in a letter to the newspaper in which they appeared by thirty-five of the petty officers of Her Majesty's ship Majestic. The man who was flogged had been guilty of a gross act of insubordination in having struck his superior officer whilst on duty, and the punish- ment had not been inflicted with improper seventy. THE CAPITATION GRANT.—In reply to Sir S. Northeotes Mr. LOWE said that if the Capitation Grant failed, the masters must be paid out of other sources; the Pnvy Council would not make it good. The case between the masters and the pupil teachers was not of the same character. BRIGANDAGE IN ITALT.-JU. reply to Mr. Hennessy, Lord PALMERSTON said he did not see that any object could be obtained by proloncring the discussion as to what Mr. Odo Russell or General Montebello had said, except to establish bad relations between Mr. Odo Russell and the French officers at Rome. Mr. Russell had stated that 260 brigands had found their way from Rome into the Neapolitan territory in French uniforms. It was quite true that those brigands had gone into Neapolitan territory after having bought left-off uniforms. There was no reflection whatever upon the French authorities. The Pope was a mere puppet, and to a great extent the French soldiers had the matter in their own hands. IONIAN JUDGES.—Mr. ROEBUCK moved an address for a copy of memorials presented by Sir George Macoras and Sir Typo Xydras on the 16th September, 1862, to his excellency Sir H. Storks, Her 'Majesty's lord high commissioner in the Ionian Islands. The hon. gentle- man complained that these gentlemen had been virtually dismissed from their offices as judges, and animadverted in a severe tone upon the conduct of the Duke of New- castle in the matter Mr. A. MILLS seconded the motion Mr. C. FORTESCUE said the papers had been moved for in the House of Lords, and would be laid before parliament. He vindicated the conduct of the Duke of Newcastle, and said the change which had been made was for the advantage of the people of the Ionian Islands, and received their approval. The judges in the Ionian Islands were appointed for terms of five years. These two gentlemen were entitled to the highest scale of pensions. There was no charge of malversation or corruption against them, and their removal was solely to be attributed to public feeling General PEEL warm- ly defended Sir H. Storks.Lord STANLEY attributed no blame to Sir Henry Storks, but thought the Secretary of State had not consulted the public in- terests, which required above everything the inde- pendence of the judicial bench. These gentlemen had been placed in a most invidious position, for they were arbitrarily removed, although there was no charge against. them, and they retained their pensions.After a few words from Mr. Evans and Mr. Baillie Cochrane, the CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER said that the origi. nal constitution given to the Ionian Islands was in reality a corrupt despotism, which all the efforts of late years, ably and zealously carried out by Sir H. Storks, had been to convert into practical self-government. It was mis- leading the House to argue the case as if it had occurred in England, and he warmly defended the course pursued by the Government. Hitherto the government of the Ionian Islands had been carried on by an evil compact with those who would support the protectorate, and who received in return a monopoly of office. But this mo. nopoly attracted hungry competitors, and was the source of all the evils which Sir H. Storks was trying to remove —of these evils he gave a description by no means flatter- ing to the moral character of the Ionians. Their raven- ous appetite for office, intrigues, and dissimulation, aggravated by the conduct of the party who had enjoyed the monopoly of office, had made the English protecto- rate a byeword and a reproach with every capital of Europe.After a few words from Mr. Roebuck, the motion was agreed to. WASTE LAND IN INDIA.—Mr. D. SEYMOUR moved the following resolution :—" That the occupation of waste land in India by sutlers, and the redemption of a portion of the land-tax of India, are desirable objects, especially with a view to the present state of the cotton industry in this country, and that it is expedient that her Majesty's Government take further steps to carry them out." At considerable length he pointed out the injurious effects of the land-tax in preventing the settlement and occupation of the vast tracts of waste lands in the most fertile cotton districts of the world, and the introduction of European capital into India. He condemned the policy of Sir Charles Wood, who had overruled the policy advocated by Lord Stanley and Lord Canning, and was dictated by the narrow and jealous prejudices of the East India Com- pany against the influx of Europeans and European capi- tal into India Mr. BUXTON seconded the resolution. .After a few words from Mr. Vansittart, Lord STANLEY said it was unfortunate that the redemption of the land. tax had been mixed up with the sale of the waste lands. They were two distinct questions, equally important, but to be little understood or cared for in this country Sir C. WOOD said it was a great satisfaction to him to find that his policy was so generally approved of, and that those who objected to it were not at all unanimous as to the course which they would have themselves pur- sued. He asserted that the regulations were working -well, and he believed that if they were made use of, in- stead of being carped at, they would promote the settle- ment of the waste lands, preserving the rights of the natives, without sacrificing the rights of the Govern- ment. The motion was then withdrawn. DECIMAL WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.—Mr W. EWART ob. tained leave to bring in a biU to establish a decimal sys- tem of weights and measures. LEASES AND SALES OF SETTLED ESTATES.—Mr. COX ob- tained leave to bring in a bill to amend the Leases and Bales of Settled Estates Act, 1856. SECURITY FROM VIOLENCE.—On the motion for the third reading of the SecurityfromViolence Bill, Mr. GRANT DUFF moved that it be read that day six months, but, on a division, the bill was read a third time b? a majority of 72 to 18. and passed. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—WEDNESDAY. THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC ON THE SABBATH.—Mr Roe. buck presented a petition from the largest meeting ever held in Sheffield, against Mr Somes's bill for closing public honses on Sunday. The petitioners state that a large number of persons who were not drunkards were in the habit of travelling by excursion trains on Sundays, and required reasonable refreshment for themselves and families. Mr Roebuck gave Mr Somes credit for the best intentions, but he believed that the bill, if it received the sanction of Parliament, would press heavily on persons against whom it was not directed. SCOTCH ROADS AND BRIDGES.—Sir J. Ogilvy moved the second reading of the Statute Labour Roads and Bridges (Scotland) Bill. After a short conversation, the bill was read a second time. The Statute Labour Roads and Bridges (Scotland) Transfer Bill was also read a second time. JUDGMENTS LAW AMENDMENT BILL.—Mr Had- field moved the second reading of the Jugdments, &c., Law Amendment Bill, and explained that its object was to assimilate the law with regard to judgments in refer- ence to estates to that which applied to personal pro- perty, so that no persons should be under legal obliga- tions to search for judgments. Mr Humberston sup- ported the motion, believing that the law as it stood acted most prejudicially upon the buyers and sellers of land. The Solicitor-General gave Mr Hadfield credit for the good intentions with which he had introduced the bill, but thought that the measure itself was a species of retrograde legislation, which would effect in a most im- portant degree, without altering the law of debtor and creditor. The house divided, when there appeared-For the second reading, 23; against it, 43; majority, 20. The bill was accordingly rejected. POISONED Giii-iN.On the motion of Mr Paull, the order for the second reading of the Poisoned Grain Pro- hibition Bill was discharged, and the bill was withdrawn. ACCIDENTS COMPENSATION BILL.-Sir J. Ferguson moved the second reading of the Accidents Compensation Bill, and explained that its object was to relieve railway companies from a misapplication of the existing law by which excessive damages were recovered against them for what were purely accidental occurrences-Mr Long- field moved that the bill be read a second time that day six months.—Mr Bentick seconded the amendment.- The Solicitor-General opposed the bill. Railways were not responsible ior loss ot life unless wrong could be shown and the insurance proposed would be insurance against the companies' own wrong.—Sir J. Fergusson said if the house would read the bill a second time he would consent that it should be referred to a select com- mitte. (Cries of No, no.")—The house divided, when there appeared-For the second reading, 70; against it' W; majority, 20.—The bill was therefore lost. CHURCH RATES REDEMPTION BILL.—Mr Alcock moved that iMs bill be read a second time on June 10. The house divided, when there appeared—For the motion -25; against it, 36 majority, 14. The motion was there- for lost. Sir H. Cairns obtained leave to bring in bill to amend the law relating iodistrict parochial churches in Ireland. The bill was read a first time.
The announcement of the morganatic marriage of King ) Victor Emmanual with a lady whom he has raised to the ( dignity of Countess de Miraflores, is confirmed by all the j) Hwouuts received from Italy.—Court Journal.
THE RIVER ALYN. I [The following correspondence appeared in a contem- porary of Wednesday last ] Dear Sir,- As a fisherman of nearly forty years' stand- ing, I have observed with much regret that the efforts of several persons residing in and near Gresford to preserve the fish in the River Alyn have not beeu attended with success, and, forming my opinion from the printed re- ports of what has taken place on the subject, I cannot help thinking that both the projectors of, and the object- ors to the proposal might yet be brought to co-operate in so desirable a measure, if it were taken in hand by some person who would have weight with all partiee, and who would bring temper and forbearance, as well as know- ledge of the subject, to bear upon it. Under no circumstances could the Alyn be converted into a salmon river, nor indaed into a very good trout river, because there are few large pools in it; but scores of unclean salmon might be saved in it on their way upwards, and thousands on their journey down towards the sea; and fair sport might also be afforded to the trout fisher there if even a small sum were annually ex- pended in protecting the water from the depredations of poachers. I All appear to be agreed in wishing to accomplish this object, a»d as I myself consider that the owners of pro- perty on the banks of the river ought to take a lead in such a movement, and may justly claim to have their rights and feelings—and even, if so be, tbeir prejudices —consulted and respected. I would venture to suggest that either Mr Boscawen Griffith or Mr Boydell at once take the matter in hand, so as to set it going m a rignt direction, and I cannot doubt but that the warm support of all time sportsmen would be given to them. Yours truly, FISHER. Siri--As your two correspondents on this subject in your last week's paper have been betrayedjnto asser- tions at variance with facts, we deem it our duty to the public to correct them, with the intention that this being done there shall be an end of the matter so far as we are concerned: 1st—Mr Griffith was asked to attend oar first meet- ing and to use his influence with the owners of the Tre- valyn Estate to get their consent to our scheme so was Mr Boydell, as the subjoined le-ter from him will prove. Mr Griffith declint d, saying" they left such matters to their agent." Could either of these gentlemen have been induced to attend our meeting, some plan might have been devised for preserving the Alyo. Had they at- tended, they would have known that instead of publish. ing the" fag eud of a correspondence," we published what we professed, namely, a full report of all that was read and decided at our last meeting. 2nd-That our society reckoned amongst its com parative strangers" Mr Wynne Eytoo, Mr Wilson Jones, and Mr Roper—(the two latter gentlemen represented at our meetings by their eldest sons, both legally inter. ested with their fathers in their respective properties)— owners of nearly, if not more, than seven consecutive miles of river frontage; Mr Humble, the lessee of the Gwersyllt length, and General Townshend, the owner of no inconsiderable frontage. Whilst other large ab- sent proprietors were directly represented at our meet- ings. In fact that the greater portion of the river had been placed at our disposal, and that had the Trevalyn water been included, we should have been justified in receiving the public money and in undertaking the pre- servation of the river. 3rd—That although some proprietors had not given in their adhesion, no water except the Trevalyn had been refused to us. 4th-That one of the main objects of the association was to avail itself of the powers of the new Act, and make proper fish passes at those weirs to which Mr Boy- dell refers, as opposing insuperable obstacles to salmon and trout, bnt more particularly at the Rossett which is nearest to the Dee, and consequently prevents, except in floods, any fish passing up the higher and neighbouring breeding ground. That by virtue of the same Act we proposed to insist upon the floodgates at that and other weirs heing shut when the mills are idle, a proceeding now utterly negleoted. In conclusion, Sir, we cannot deny that the eel and the flat fish" are the only relics of the liberal treatment the river has received during the last "300 years," as scarcely a salmon or a trout is now to be caught by fair fishing. Our object wa3, by putting proper passes at weirs, and preventing, as the Act directs, noxious fluids being turned into the river, and by artificial breeding to reproduce and preserve the salmon and trout. But that cannot be done without considerable expense; aud how could Mr Bojdell expect funds to be raised with such unrestricted rights of fishing as he contended for ? From the letters you publish, it seems that the preser- vation of the river has been defeated not by the owners of the Trevalyn estate, but by Mr Bjydell, who owns about 1/200 yards of river frontage, and by Mr Griffith, I who does not own any. We have the honour to be, Sir your obedient servants, MICHAEL H UMBLB. J. E. ETTaN. EDWARD D. TOWNSHEND. HENRY TOWNSHEND. DOKNJNG RASBOTHAM. J. H. FOULKIS. J. CABSTAIRS JONES, C. J. T. ROPER. F. H. BARKER. ALFRED COURAGE. JOHN STANLEY. EDMUND SWETENHAM. CHARLES TOWNSHEND. I [COPY.] Dear Sirs,—I shall not be able to attend at the Griffia on Friday next at your meeting respecting the Alyn Fishery, and I think I could do no good by so doing as 1 do not purpose taking any part in the matter. SJ far as I own the river and its banks, you will be at liberty to include them in your arrangements. I am, dear Sirs, yonrs truly, JOHN BOYDKLL. The Rossett, March 10th, 1863.
I KUABON. The Green Pit is still closed, causing considerable loss both to the British Iron Co., and to the poorer workmen, but there is a probability that the works will be opened I next week, when it is to be hoped the fire will be found extinguished. I CEFN-MAWR. WATER \Y OUKS.—-We are informed that these works are progressing rapidly under the active superintendence of Exuperius Pickering Esq., C.E., who, if properly supported by the inhabitants, will no doubt bring them to a successful issue, as bis energy and assiduity in the prosecution of public works is well known and appre- ciated. A considerable length of main pipes is already laid and we hope to see pure water carried to the doors of the poorer inhabitants a few months hence, by Mr Pickering, thereby relieving the women and children of the present painful process of carrying water on their heads. I HOPE. I PETTY SESSIONS.—Held on Monday last I-Before H. Baikes, Esq., chairman, and T. Phillips, Esq. LARCENY. John Steel was in custody charged by John Burgess with stealing a flour scalos and a quantity of deal boards. Part of the articles stolen had been found on the pri- soner's premises, but the prosecutor said he could not I positively swear to any of them. The bench severely censured Mr Burgess for the re- luctance which he evidently evinced in saying anything against the prisoner, and he (complainant) was ultima- tely ordered to pay all expenses,—the prisoner beiog discharged. ASSAULT. I Jane Jidwards charged Harriet Ellis with an assault. Complainant having been sworn stated that while she I was in her yard on some domestic antics defendant came up and spat in her face, and abused her shamefully. Defendant denied the charge, and witnesses having been called on both sides, defendant was fined 78 6d and 78 6s. costs. PARISH CONSTABLES. I (The parish constables for the parish of Hope, were ) sworn in on this day. I BREAKING PENCES. Mr William Jones, farmer, charged Sarah Jones with taking a rail from one of his hedges in April last. Com- plainant said he met defendant in the lane with the rail in her hand. He could swear it was taken from his hedge. Defendant denied the charge and said she found it on the side of the road.-Fined 6d and 4s 6d. costs HOLYWELL. I LOCAL BOABD.—The ordinary monthly meeting of this Board was held on Monday last, the llth inst. Present. —Samuel Williamson, Esq., chairman; R. Sankey, Esa • Mr P. M.Evans; Mr Thomas Owens; Mr William Parry; Mr Edward Lloyd; Mr John Powell; Mr Joseph Garner; Mr Moses Daniel Edwards; Mr Edward Joncs. Mr Thomas Smedley; and the Rev. Evan Lloyd The clerk, Mr William Davies, read the minutes of the Committee meeting held with reference to the nur» chase of the King's Arms property for a market Se over which Mr P. M. Evans presided, and at which it w? decided to memoralize the Secretary of State for power under the Land Consolidated Act, to deal with the said property should that be.deemed necessary also thp. min- ates of an intermediate special meeting of the Board over which the Rev. Evan Lloyd pre9idei' which minutes were confirmed. The clerk produced receipts for accounts passed and ordered to be paid a t the previous meeting. Mr Sankey enquired what answer, if any, had been re- ceived from Mr Francis, of Manchester, respecting the drainage of the town. The Clerk in reply said that he (Mr Francia):was ready to render the Board the service required for the sum of ;ClO but that the Board at their previous meeting de- ferred employing him.. I A letter was read from Mr Cox, of Warrington, offer- ing to draw a plan and specification of the necessary drainage at Holywell, without superintending the works, for two and a half per cent., upon the cost of such works and the the could not say exactly what would be his charge for coming down and report upon the subject, but that it would be such as would satisfy tbe Board. A letter was also read from Mr Screvener, of Hanley, offering to come and give a full report upon the best plan of drainage at Holywell, for a sum not exceeding £5. After a few observations were made by several mem- bers of the Board, Mr P. M. Evaus moved that Mr Scre- vener's offer be accepted: that he had given a plain and straightforward answer to a plaia question and pro- posed to make a full report for 25. ) Mr Edward Lloyd suggested whether it would be bet- ter to have two different reports upon the matter. Mr Thomas Owen thought it unnecessary to incur double expense. Mr Edward Lloyd further observed that seemingly the one was as competent as the other, and it was probable that the one consulted would be employed to carry out his scheme. Mr Jones, IIlr Parry, Mr Smedlay, and Mr xivans having made observations on the subject, Mr Parry seconded the motion, which was carried unanimously. The bank-book and accounts were examined and passed. THE GAS qu=TioN.-Mr Powell enquired whether any further proceeding had been taken with regard to that question. The Chairman in reply said that a letter bad been re- ceived, stating in reply to the communication sent by the committee, that the Gas at Holywell was as good ani as cheap comparatively as any place in the king- dom. Mr Edward Roberts said that he thought otherwise. Mr P. M. Evans considered the committee appointed to take steps in the Gas question to be blamed very much for their inactivity. (Sear, hear.) Mr Edward Lloyd said with regard to himself that he was the most blameless of the committee. (Laughter and Cheers.) .NUISANcic.-The Inspector's book showed several cases of nuisance, and want of privy accommodation, Tne Board ordered that the nuisances should be re- moved at once, and the necessary accommodation pro- vided. WATERING THE STREETS.—After a short conversa- tion concerning this subject, Mr Edward Lloyd moved a resolution to the effect that advertise nents for tenders for watering the street during the summer months, be issued at once specifying the streets to be watered, and stating that the contract should be from the 20 h of May instant to the 20th of September next, from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m., and that the dust should be effectnally kept do IV n, or the contractor to incur the penalty of a sum not ex- ceeding jE20 per day, for each day be should fail to d 80. Mr Powell seconded the resolution, which was carried unanimously; and the clerk was instructed to have bills to advertise for contracts issued immediately, and tenders to be sent in by Saturday next. THE WELL COMMITTEE.-iNIr Thomas Owens, Beuno Cottage, the treasurer of this committee, produced his account of receipts and expenditure during the years 1861 and 1862, which were passed. The account showed the surplus of 183 ga 9id after paying all expenses, which amount was paid over to the treasurer of the Local Board. The funds are realized from bathers, and from the sale of papers containing the account of the well and a view of it. It was stated that some repairs were necessary, which it was intimated the committee had the full power to carry out. Ku rxllJN. The following is the copy of the aldress sent to her Majesty from the town of Ruthin, with the reply of the Secretary of State:— To THE QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.— We, your Majesty's devoted and loyal subjects, the in. habitants of the County of Denbigh, in county meeting assembled, venture to approach your Majesty witk senti- ments of profound loyalty and attachment to offer our most fervent congratulations upon the marriage of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales with the Princess Alexandra, of Denmark. This joyful event has been to us a source of heartfelt satisfaction, humbly trusting as we do that it will be productive of consolation to your Majesty, and confidently anticipating that an alliance sanctioned by your Majesty's approval, and commenced under the happiest auspices will secure the felicity of their Royal Highnesses, and will promote the prosperity and welfare of our nation. Whitehall, 6th May, 1863.—Sir,—I have had the honour to lay before the Queen, the loyal and dutiful ad- dress of the inhabitants of the county of Denbigh on the occasion of the marriage of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, and have to inform you that Her Ma- jesty was pleased to receive the address very graciously. I have the honour to be, sir, your obedient servant, G. GREY. The High Sheriff of the County of Denbigh.
EVANS'S NEW SAFETY LAMPS. I "Lamps," was the cry of the magician near the pa. lace; "who will give me old lamps for new ?" for he craved for the possession of that wonderful lamp fa. shioned by the hands of genii and potent in its power. Such is the cry now but the new Jaillps are the inven- tion lauded and prized, and every new inventor who makes his appearance presents some special claim to the consideration of buyers. This one has turned his par- I ticular attention to the protection of the lamp from in- jury. A' otber has looked to the safety of the lock; an- other to the cheapness of the article; and still another to its size and weight. These facts alone show how strongly the public attention is directed towards the necessity of of having a thoroughly good and reliable safety-lamp, and till this is secured genius will be taxed to conceive • and ability to fashion one. An accident from fire damp occurred last week, adding to their already vast number, and showing the urgent need there is for a good lamp. ) At the Strafford Maine Colliery, Mr Barcsley, the viewer, reports tbat" on the 13th instant he was going round the north side of the working, while another wB5 a going round the south, to see that all was right, and on coming to No. 2 Bank his lamp was filled in an instant with a blue huge, and bad he not stepped back in a mo- meat the lamp would have been out." This sudden rush j of gas into the mine was identical with an inundation, only that the gas was carburetted hydrogen, instead of I water. Silently and at night the gas streamed up from the floor, in such quantities that, had a naked candle i been brought in contact with it when the men were at ,i work, we should have had another Gethin or another Harley. There was no warning but that of the lamp and even twenty yards before the man fell, as it were, into the torrent of gas, there were none of the ordinary I indications, such as smell, &o., which might have warn- ed and fore-armed. j When we see that it is possible, and highly probablø, I for gas to ooze out suddenly and mysterious, how rigid should be the law prohibiting the use of naked !ight<; how severe the penalty when that Jaw is infringed. And not only this, but is not Government called upon most pointedly to undertake a thorough examination and ee- lection of lamps; or, failing there, our admirable institu- tion that has already done so much good in the mineral world-the South Wales Institution of Engineers. Let these gentlemen name a committee and examine lamns. I and the report of the committee will be the decisive I judgment. We do not hesitate ourselves, and that not from a national bias in the preference for Evans's lamps above any other. Davy, the old Davy, is antiquated, and has had its day, in which it has done good service The best until lately was Stephenson's, still much used in the North of England. This lamp is safe, and Koes out when brought in contact with the gas, but it goes out without warning. Evans's lamp yields eight times the light to that of Stephenson's, and gives sufficient prelim inary warning for the workman to make his way out and the flame cannot be blown through the wire gauze by a current of air. These are all powerful recommendation* and should tell strongly. Nor is this all, the inventor is a Welshman. We have. glorified the names of Step- henson and Brunei, of Telford and Watts, and a host of Englishmen. Let Evans take his place amongst them as one who has achieved equal fame, aud deserved it by a really serviceable aid to the interests of trade, and the 1 protection of the working men.
FRIENDS IN COUNCIL. Says Whalley, I cannot conceive, my dear Cox, Why Parliament can't bear the sound of my vox." Whalley^" answered Cox, but 1 am told, my dear Whalley, That it's cos we don't never talk nothing but folly. Punch.
A burglary bas been committed at the residence of Lord Chesham, Grosvernor-square, London, and jewel- lery and property of the value of £2,000 taken. Two men were apprehenaed by the police with the stolen property in their possession.
CORRESPONDENCE. SUNDAY CLOSING MOVEMENT. To the Editor of the Wrexham Advertiser. Sir,—This question is now becoming a very promin» ent one, and deservedly so, for few subjects, if any, beating upon the motal welfare of the nation, couli be of greater importance. When the great commandment was given Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day, &c. the Creator of heaven and earth evidently meant to impress it deeply upon the minds of his crea- tures, for in no other have we the significant word Re, member," and now when the opportunitylis made to their hands it becomes the bounden duty of all to think seriously how far they have remembered to do the will of God in this matter, and further to ask themselves the question how far they will be doing their duty by remaining neutral opon a subject that should deeply interest the christian of every grade and profession. If the Bill for the prevention of traffic in intoxicating drinks upon the Sunday be thrown out upon its second reading I have no doubt but it will be brought before Parliament again and again nntil it becomes the law of the land, but this (although in itself a great satisfaction) will not in the least serve as an excuse for apathy and inaction during the present struggle, for the opportunity is now before us, and we have no time beyond the pre- sent, for we cannot tell what a day may bring forth, it may be that others will reap the reward, but our duty appears plain, and it is to work with. a will while the chance is within our reach and let the result be what it may, the satisfaction of having done all in our power, will be ours, but in order to realize fully the peace of mind, resulting from such couduct we must be quite sure that nothing is left undone that could be done by as to gain so desirable an end as the prevention of such shameless and sinful traffic upon the Lord's holy day of rest. Up then and be doing, while it is called to-day, for the night cometh in which no man can work, and sad indeed must be the reflection that such an opportunity was allowed to pass, by those who are blessed with the sunshine of knowledge, until the shades of darkness had closed it for ever from their view. In vain will it be for them to regret that which can never be re-called. Now is the accepted time, now is the hour of action, let not false and unworthy considerations bias the mind for a moment when a question of such vital interest to the community as this hovers in the balance, and when, perhaps, for want of the very weight you possess the scale may incline for the present against virtue and sobriety, and in favour of drunken- ness and rioting. That traffic in a thing so productive of evil conse- quences and that costs the induatirous ratepayers of the country such an enormous sum in palliatives, and abor- tive, although wotthy efforts at curativee, should be al- lowed in a professing christiaa couutry ia a question that is last occupying more and more of the thinking and benevolent portion of mankind, out that such a traffic should be allowed to pollute the Sabbath and send lorth its abomina >le stream of sin and wickedness, even to the hous9 of prayer, dragging from the very altar, and floating down to perdition miny that otherwise would have befin saved, is a disgrace to us as a nation, a direct breaking of the commandment, setting the law of man against the law of God, for God says, et Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day/' but man says, thou shalt drink and traffic in drink, thou shalt buy and sell intoxicating liquor, which will cause the most unholy desires to arise, which will poison thy system and thy mind, blunt all thy moral feelings and excite thy evil propensities until madness enables thee to curse thy Maker, and defy his vengence and mock his goodness, So powerful an agent for evil is this licensed enormity that the d--l has only to prompt, and man, under its influence, will commit any crime, even that of murder, and yet the law says, thou shalt drink even upon the Sabbath day. Surely, when the time comes, as it will next month, the voice of Christian England will be heard protesting against this disgraceful state of things, in such a manner that it cannot be allowed any longer to exist. The interested voices of thoae who feed upon the ruins of thousands, cannot for a moment be accepted as evi- dence against the Bill, and as for their clap-trap cry of liberty and justice to the poor working men, I can truly say there would be much fewer poor and more liberty if they would close their shops altogether, for drink will, and is daily depriving the working classes of both their liberty and their rights. Shut up your public-houses, and I will answer for more than half of ths jails and workhouses, as well aa the asylums being also closed, to be again soon re-opened as colleges and schools, where the children of the wotking classes would be taught to see the folly of their unfortunate parents, and learn the value of such hollow, interested clap-trap cries as are now being raised against the keeping holy of the Sab- bath day. NEPIIALIST. THE PRESENT STATE OF AFFAIRS BETWEEN I THE NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN STALES OF AMERICA. I To the Editor of the Wrexham Advertiser. Sir,—The cause of this unhappy war, which is raging on the continent of America may be traced to various sources, but of these slavery stands forth as first and foremost. The Southern, or a3 they have called them- selves, Confederate States, uphold slavery, and by its means, raise cotton, rice, sugar and tobacco, for the Eu- ropean market. They watch with jealous eyes any en- croachment on their privileges and if possible exclude all abolitionists from their states. I H When Mr Buchanan quitted the President's chair, a severe contest arose between the Northern and South- I ern members of the hous?, which resulted in Mr Lincol n being elected, to the rage and mortification of the South- ern slaveholders. When Lincoln, who was a strict ab- olitionist, attempted to enforce some of his mandates, the Southern leaders, forgetful of all bonds of brotherhood rushed to arms with one accord, and the present civil ¡ war commenced in all its fury. The Confederates, for- tified their towns and cities with an energy worthy of a better cause, and raised troops to keep in check the N or- thern armies, which neie already marching upon their different frontiers. They made Mr Jeffarson Davies their president, a man admirably suited for the occasion, who with his foresight end skill, has conducted the war up tho present time with the greatest credit. But the main strength of the nation was in the hands of the Federals. They held the greatest seaports of the nation. The fleet was commanded by Northern seamen, and with these weapons they prepared themselves with a will to take summary vengeance on their Southern foes. New Oileans was about the first seaport that yield- ed to their arms after a desperate struggle, and an ini. I mense sacrifice of men and treasure. After this capture ¡' the Federals hoped to clear the Mississippi with their gunboats, and for that parpose poured their armed vea. sels into this noble stream from the North aad from the South. But the Confederates had established forts on its banks which defied all the efforts of the great North- ern enemy. With Vicksburg in the North and Port Hudson in the South they held the waters between these points and thns kept up a communication with the west. It would take up too much space to enumerate the means taken by the Federals to capture these strongholds. Suf- fice it to say that so far, they have failed in every under- taking. By the last mails, it is stated that several I I era! gunboats have at last passed in safety the guns of those dreaded batteries, and are about to attack Vicks- burg on another side. Great events may result from I this passage, and we should not be at all surprised to hear at any moment of the fall and evacuation of Vicks. burg by the Confederates. On the Atlantic side the Federals have been repulsed before Charleston with great oss and do not seem to be in the humour to renew their attack. The other Generals which the Federals have in the held have been inactive for the last few weeks, being prevented from advancing according to their own ac- count by the bad state of the roade. Some people of this country have evinced a great af- fection for the South, which has shown itself in various ways, but if the motives of the two conflicting powers be carefully analized, it cannot fail to btrike the reader that whilst the Federals are spending their dearest blood in the caue of liberty, the Confederates are striving with all their power to rivet more closely the chains of slavery the C degrading alike to the OLA7EHOIDET as ￼ as the slave. A few years ago Mrs. Stowe, a lady of the United States, published a book, called, •' Uncle Tom's Cabin showing the horror and misery attending the slave trade. The people of England received it with open hands, and there is scarcely a child of fourteen who has not read it. Indeed the love of this book weilt 53 far that peoDle chnsteoed their children and pet animals afternames mentioned in it. The Soathern slaveowners were as- tonished as well as di?ayei at the pro?o? thi* -J nuno., ,UU uursea ? ? when its author was born. ?ThoM .Efagih-a.h. men wLo th. n could rot understand how such a monstrous system could be allowed to flourish in any chmUan coantry, now strenuously .uppSor?t S ?diagit3 abettors and sending out armed vessels fro? £m this country to Hgbttb.irba? and to plunder the JjjJ merchantmen. They have also lent them an enormous sum of money to pay their army and to fit out naval expeditions. Let the English people beware ere they commit them- Belves irretrievably-for most assuredly they will repent these rash actions, and future generations will look back with amazement upon the folly of their ancestors, Air though there js great misery in thjs country on account of the scarcity of cotton, there is no way justnQw by which the existing evil can be obviated. We must hope for tbe speedy termination of this war, which has caused such trouble in both hemispheres but at the same time let o. not forget the object and cause of this struggle. SEMPER VIQILON. I. FAIRS AIFD MARKETS. I I To the Editor of the Wrexham Advertiser. I Sir,—It has always appeared to me that the true functions of a body corporate were to protect the interests and develope the rescourses of the community which was represented and embodied therein—and which called it into existence and gave it a local habitation and a name." Premising that such be a correct supposition and accepting it as an axiomatic truth, and a standard by which we may test the proceedings of a body so deno- minated-allow me, sir, to apply this test to the recent proceedings of our Town Council in ita efforts to remove our Markets and Fairs. Wrexham through its markets and fairs has been from time immemorial the centre of commercial ex- change for a district, embracing in the first place a large tract of country celebrated for its agricultural produce of every description, and in its second place for its ex- tensive colliery and iron works, employing an immense population,-thus including both producer and consumer within its embrace, its geographical position being such that it is equally advantageous to each class to make this town its ceatre of exchange, and as the property of the district has increased, so has the prosperity ot the town increased, until the Wrexham of to-day is as superior to the Wrexham of twenty yeara back as the youth, vigour, manliness, drill, discipline, equipments, and music of the militia which has enlivened the good old town for the last month, is superior to the celebrated victors in the equally oelebrated battle of Chirk Bank. Now, sir, the establishment of a Town Council was n(*t for the purpose of staying this tide of prosperity— ,us not intended to destroy Wrexbam as a centre of exchange of commodities necessary to tbe existence and comfort of the inhabitants of the district-was not in fact to be a conservative re-action, but was intended to bene- fit the town by purchasing aad enlarging its markets by promoting sanitary reforms-improving its streets and approaches—governing its extensions by preventing the erection of unsightly and unhealthy residences, and extending its assistance to every movement calculated to aid in the growth and development of the town. How has its mission been fulfilled? Why, sir, with regard to most of these things we have had a vast deal of debate and hai hoped that ere this we should have had either Mr Rawlinson's water works, or Mr Mauuel Jones's pumps, but hitherto have been disappointed. The sewer- age qnestion also remains in "sttu qu'J," the market ii still in the hands of a private company and is daily becoming a more valuable property, and now, despite the labours of a vigilant minority in the council, in the face of popular feeling and indignation in the town, to the disadvantage of both buyer and seller, and the de- triment of the produce to be disposed of-the Mayor resolutely and defiantly carries out his long cherished resolution of clearing the streets. Had the Council pur- chased the liarket Hall, and made such alterations and enlargements as would have met the wants of an increas- ing tradt-cnlralizing the markets in the most acces- sible part of the towD, no one would have objected. ( Had it increased the accommo lation in the B ait Mar- ] ket by fitting it up as a Smithheld, this would have been advantageous to the town. But that the traders should be driven out of the streets into the Beast Mar. ket as though their calling was sacrilage, and not to be tolerated-as though the temple of Q ieen-atreet had been made a "den of thieves,"—as though their busi- ness visits-their sales and purchases, were of no possi- ble benefit to the town, and fit for nothing but the most contemptuous treatment by its representatives, is the greatest folly, the most short-sighted policy that a com- mercial community could possibly be guilty of. The scenes which transpired on our fair day, and the general and universal utterances of feeling in oppo- sition to the new order of things distinctly and conclusively shewed that it is not to the advantage of the Town and trade of Wrexham," that those parties which really conduce most to its prosperity should be unceremoniously shoved on one aide, and that the outside of the town, without aay reason fur- ther thin the fact that some of our aristocratic visitors, have not sufficient space for their expansive crino- lines, therefore the cry of clearing the streets is raised, and the Mayor falls in with the cry and raises his great broom and sweeps away in obedience to it the very things which have nourished and fed the town until its present high position has been iittaiard-kicks away the ladder by which it has been tlavatad, I trust that this suicidal policy will not be allowed to go on, but thai the energies of the town will be put forth in preventing a course which must ultimately end in disaster and ruin to many interests, and thal the true functions of a representative board will be held furth prominently, and if not acted upon under the present dynasty, 1 trust that next November will give us a council, which will act wisely and upon true representative principles and carry I out such reforms and improvements as are calculated to improve and advance the town as the commercial cen- tre of so important a district.— Y our, &c., May 12, 1863. OBSERVER. I THE REMOVAL OF THE MARKETS. I To the Editor of the Wrexham Advertiser. I Sir -Allow me, through the medium of your widely circulated paper, to throw out before the pnblio a few remarks which I wished to have heard expressed at the meeting in the Town Hall on Tuesday evening last. The attention of the meeting was exclusively taken up with the pig and potatoe question that it was entirely forgotten that cauliflowers, rhubarb, and cabbage- plants are in season at present, and the lively trade carried on along Hope-street and High-street on market days in cherries, plums, apples, &e., was entirely ignored. Indeed, the removal of the vegetable and fruit- merket off these streets appears such a sugar-plum to the Market-hall shareholders that it was alarmingly cone I fessed by one of the speake-s at the meeting, that if the i markets were allowed to return to the streets the shares in the Market-hall would become worthless. Now this wis a honest yell from a dog that was bitten, and re veals; a secret selfish motive for clearing the Rope-street, I High-street, and Church-street, for the purpose of cn hancing the value of the Market Hall shares. Now, I appeal to the public, is it just that the old-established I market-plaoea of the town should be swept uny fjr the purpose of enriching the private property of an intereet. ed company? It may be urged that accommodation has been provided for the vegetable market at the back of the Market Hall. I object to its being called" ac- ) commodation" in toto aa it is more like an obscure prison yard, where very little buying and selling can I possibly take place. Before such a place is called" sc- eommodation" again, let the north end wall of the Market Hall be removed, and a covered continuation of í the hall be provided for vegetables and fruit at the north I end, uniform with the present accommodation at the south end for fowl, butter, &c. At present a most cruel inj ury has been inflicted upon a large class of cottage gardeners who swell tbe business at our markets as the season revolves- -a class of honest working men' wieg who make a few pounds yearly out of their neat gardens to help to make both ends meet. And the sale of these articles depends entirely upon their being exposed to new in the streets, that the temptation of a eight of the blushing cherry, the fat plum, and the lushious apple may call the pennies out of the pockets of the passers by. I have heard complaints from several of these per- sons that they can never sell their fruit and vegetables in that back place in Bank-street." I should think that i the Mayor's business knowledge must be limited solely to eii-and-eightpences and the sale of p-irchment rolls, and that he does not know that Wrexham is a market.town, and that its streets are intended to be busy with merchandise on market-days. This is what it exits upon. Let the Mayor remember that Wrexham ) is not London or Liverpool, where the tide of hu- manity is so great along the streets every day that the thoroughfares are required to be clear. Still, even in London, most of the fruit is sold in the streets from barrows, baskets, and in some parts off stationary stalls. It is madness to cry out for empty streets in a market-town, and most detrimental to the interests of I the tradesmen. With reference to the potatoe market, I have only to add that your prediction, Mr Editor, that this market I' would be removed to Bwlchgwyn approximates its ful- filment. for the farmers say that they will take their potatoes to Brymbo, Minera, and Rhos, to be diposed of ¡ at the customers' doors. Fairs for cattle, horses and pigs will be established in all these locatities, whe?e aci j commodation will be gladly provided, In conclusion, I hope that this ?iun4ering interfer- ence with the privileges of the poor, and the interests of the town by one man mijY wake up the burgesses to a due; sense of the importance of a vote, as voting at an elec- tion practically means the delegating of power in the hands of a few individuals who can afterwards turn the town upside down if their brains should happen to make a similar twist first. It is a very dangerous in- vestment of power, against the decisions of which the inhabitants do not seem to have any effectual appeal until the return of municipal electioa. Yours, tnlYJ DEFENSOBIS. MB. WliALLEY AND THE RUABON I. j WAYS. To the Editor of the Wrexham dduertisert ?f)—Your contemporary, the Qswestrj iAdvertiser, j has thought proper to faH foul of oar neighbour, Mr J Whalley, for his oonduet in opposing the Ragboll et tensions of the Ellesmere railway by petitioning parlit" ment, and empkying counsel before the committee II. pointed to hear the evidenoe on the various bill, pp. moted by the company, of which he is the chairnun, The editorial animus of the above-named paper acaimt Mr Whalley, has frequently been displayed in its p 11 and whenever such is the case it is manifest to a rarefui observer of the signs of the times, that all is not eley and comfortable behind the scenes of the Welsh system h IQ Sill of railways, and that the chairman is not sutficientl under the control of the Savin cum Piercy influenced and that perhaps a little rough writing, will bring him into a proper state of mind" so that they mly co: tinue to work harmoniously together in the happy family" style, he oocasionaly kicking OVT the trtces-L they running quietly behind, professing to do ail t hard drawing, and, Mr Editor, as driver of the team coaxing them with a gentle Gee up, good lads," brni coming down upon the leader with his treinelldo., thwacks. Now, air, Mr Whalky's labours for the promotion 0f the Welsh system of railways, and the success at;eadiQ these labours entitle him to the respect at leist of th* Osvoestry Advertiser, and the thanks of the town which it protesses to represent, and to prove that those la. boure have been appreciated by the whole disirict, » have only to turn to a file of the Oswestry AdvtrtUtr itself when we shall find records of meeting atter mi!etia» at the opening of the various lines, and on other OCCi aions when the thank" of the inhabitants of every irn portant place on those lines with which he is conue-ted have been proposed by gentlemen of every social rank and every shade of politics. More—the same record will also prove, that it is those labours and nothing else-in spite of adverse political opinion-and str,)ng party anih,, that have elevated him to the hihanclhollourable position of chairmin of a large number of rail vays, and given him the confidence.of those whose interests are identical with and dependent upon the success of those enormous com- mercial undertakings, which confidence was consider- ably strengthened, by the manner he stood the fire of the moat virulent cross examination, it was ever man's lot to encounter, and the scathless exit he made from the committee rooms on that occasion, and also his triumph. ant vindication of his tommertnal character aguinlt the insinuations of the Railway Times. Having placed Mr Wh.-l.ey as %e ooneeive in a true position be ore your resders, allow me, sir, to call their attention to the facts of the case upon which the Oswethy Advertiser founds its attacks, and in doing s", I would rema: k that Mr Wballey has at ways been an advocato for additional railway accommodation for Ruabon-he has convened meetings, and bad surveys made for that pur- pose, and on the other hand, a Ruabou line did not form part of the scheme of the Oswestry, Ellesmere, and I Wnitchurch Board. Again, the Board, when it did taki this [line up last session dropped it as though it wai but an excresence on their eyftem-and I think if we could only peep behind the curtain antl bear tee discussion of the Board, we should find that the Ruabon lines were only a make-believe to ensure the success of the Wrexham and Whitchurch line; laid out without a due regard to economy, or in the best manner to serve the district—and that the most success the company wished the Ruabon lines to meet with, was defeat, and to ensure this nothing was want- ing in addition to the opposition of Sir Watkin and the Great Western, but the opposition of the North Western and Mr Whaliey, unless it was just one witness who was bound hand and foot from using the lines his evidence appeared to promote, and, that witness was found. Thus the Ruabon lines go to the dogs, for the company have got all they want, and we in Ruabon don't expect to hear anything more of th(sin-evea the ¡ editor of the Oswestry Advertiser who never prophecies unless he knows," prophesied last week that the bill would be lost, and this week congratulates himself on his prescience and, without a sigh or a moan,—yea, we fancy with a smile, the sentence is written oraoulsrly in plain Anglo-Saxon language, is we said so it came to pass-the scheme was rejected." Thus passes away the Bill for the Ruabon extensions, surveyed by antagonistic engineers (the portion opposed by Mr Wiialley), intended to go to the wall by its nominal promoters opposed by both Great Western and North Western interests — and by Mr Whalley, bpcause laid out to injure his pro- perty-supported by witnesses who could not benefit by it—predestinated to perdition by the Oswestry Ad- vertiser-:It has gone to the bad, aDd its motto is rc. quiscat in pace." May 13, 1863. RUABON. SOMES'S SUNDAY BILL. To the Editor of the Wrexham Advertiser. Sir,—One y, in a Corner" wants me to hit him. He must pardon me. I really carin It do h. 1 nerer argued with a teetotaller in my life. T would as soon think of striking a wowan. Tell this weaker vessel from me, will you, that if he ever solicits a thrashing again, to keep out of "comers." A "corner" is the worst place imaginable in which to recui ve a cudgdliug. If my gallantry allowed me to lay hands upon ttim he would require fresh air aid change of scenery, parhap. To tell him to keep ia the open" always, during an argument, where he can bring his legs into play when his fists fail him. Another teetotaller, Moderator," is very wroth that I and others know the English language, of which he is entilely ignorant-by reason of his "not having bed dubbed (!) sufficiently in Lindley Murray and the classics." Had Moderator," when baptised, been dabbed" a goose, the" dubbing" would at any ratebave been English, even if the dubbed" was some other bird. I have every respect for the teetotallers, and believe that they have done a (treat deal ot good. 1 shall never barm them as long as they confine their nonsense to their owu body. But neither I nor any other Liberal in England will allow them to tamper with the liberty of the subject. They ore welcome to put straitwaistcoiU upon themselves, if they cannot keep out of mischief without. I even applaud them for doing so. What 1 object to ist that they should want to deck mo and others in that pariiient when we do not require its aid. Believe me, yours, obediently. IN Vino VERITAS. CLEARING THE STREETS AND CLEARING THE TOWN Ar THE SAME TDtti. To the Editor of the Wrexham. Advertiser. Sir,-l have been a regular seller at your market for many years, but if ever I start there on a market day again, I hope ruy horse will falij down and break his leg. Youre, &c., AN OLD FARMER. -0- Sir,—For forty long years have I maie my living by selling coal. Last week I was ordered off from Queen-st., to the Beast Market. I was obliged to go. I stood in the Beast Market all day, but sell my coal 1 could not. It is all very niee for the Mayor who is A lawyer, and makes money like coining, to order people off the streets to a corner of the town, where they cannot make a living. I have one consolation left. I feel sure there will be a judgment at the last day, when all will have justice done them. I shall feel thankful if you will pat this into your paper. Yours, &c., J. T. J. Sir,—I believe your Town Council is going mad. Why do they not set the town on fire? then there would be an end of it. Yours, truly, A FAHMBR. Sir,—I thought 1 would just write to your Mayor through your paper that I am never coming to Wrexham any more. I think it is well that he should know this, although, per haps, he docs not know me. There are plenty of places where farmers can sell their produce without coming to Wrexham, and where they can meet with much better accommodation. I never saw sucb » thing in my life as your fair last Thursday, and I hop* I never shall see such a thing again. Wrexham be a foolish lookiug place I can tell you if all the larinera turn their baoks on it. I know a thing or two although I am only A COUNTIAYXAI" To the Editor of the Wrexham Advertiser. Dear Sir,—May I for the first time in my life era" the indulgence of a single space in your valuable publ1¡ cation. If you will grant my modeet request I Ial deem it a favour. Your qre aware, sir, that a meeting of the ratepayers was held on Tuesday evening Ja-:t, at the Town Hall, to take into consideration the impro. priety of the present arrangements of our fairg and markets. Ae a ratepayer I attended that meeting. A resolution was put to the meeting and carried unanimously, last memorial be presented to the Mayor and Town Coucl, begging of them (mark the word Begging) to Je.comder the question. Now, Mr Editor, you may p'-rhaps diner from me, but I do not like the idea of begging the r.1 tion. By the bye, we Welsh people ard quite prqver ba:l for our maxims, and it j uat now occura to me r. ha4 I baVO often heard my mother say. it runs thus i dortb, a begio 'r dafell. The English of it is this: To give away th? loaf 4nd afterwards be compelled to beg bit of ilt. This is just what w. are about to do. » sir, I had a very great notion of rising to more an amendment, but did not do so for several reasons, vt. I am no public speaker, in the next place failed me, and waat would be worse than aU if I fai"4