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Correspondence. -¡- -r-J- .4.11 letters intended for publication must comply with the following conditions I.-Tlie-Y must he on public questions only, and not personal in character further than is necessary for the discussion of the subject. II.-They must be written carefully and concisely —on one side of the paper only-ready for the press, as we have not time at our disposal to re-write cor- respondence, and do not wish to publish effusions in the garb in which they are some times presented, nor space for long rambling letters. ( In.-They must oe authenticated (under cover it wished) by the real name and address of the writer I accompanying the M.S. IV--If received after mid-day on Thursday, their insertion will he precluded for that week, and they cannot be always guaranteed to appear even when received before that time.. V.-Letters which have previously appeared in other papers will not be inserted. A PLEA FUR ASSISTANTS. SIR -It was with very great pleasure that I noticed in your last week's issue of the Advertiser the Plea for Assistants," set forth by one signing IllmRelf « Calico," and dating from Cefn Mawr. As another member of the "cloth" in the immediate neighbour- hood of Cefn, and as such a participator of the same disadvantages I can fully endorse his statements, and also coincide most heartily with his views on our having a weekly half-holiday. Taking into considera- tion the long hours we are penned in, many of us where the air we breathe is not of the purest especially so in summer, it is no exaggeration to say, that not a few are thus driven to a premature grave—and this tolerated—yea, more than tolerated-in enlightened England. Recreation mental culture these words fall upon our ears as strange and almost unmeaning, owing, of course, to our leisure hours being so limited. ) It is not much that we ask for a few hours weekly, there would thus be in our reach a possibility of our placing ourselves (it would be our own fault if we did not) on a par with other young men. Undoubtedly customers, if they knew that the several shopkeepers had made it a rule to close their establishments at a certain hour, on a certain day weekly (it is only justice to them to say so) they would make their purchases accordingly. The same jnstice we must also accord to our masters. I believe nine-tenths of them, if not all, would be as glad of the holiday as ourselves. The fault, more especially then rests with ourselves, therefore, let us awake to the fact and be up and doing." I would suggest that an early meeting of employes be convened, there to discuss the best means to obtain the desired end. Apologising for taking up so much space.—I am, yours very truly, lluabon, April 28th, 1880. HOPEFUL. FIVE POUNDS INCLUDING COSTS. Srfl,—Such was the sentence uassed upon a poor workingman in the County Police Court in our town on Wednesday last. The kindness of including in- stead of adding the costs was no doubt well considered by their Worships, and cannot be gainsaid. It must have been a rare mixture of mercy and justice which does onu's heart good, and ought to melt into tenderness the stony heart of the poor fellow who was the subject of it, especially as it was immediately suc- ceeded by a sort of dying kick, which seems as plain as words can convey thoughts, to say, I know you can't pay £ 5 so you must go to gaol for a month, or one month means a month of durance vile, of separa- tion from family and friends, of such unproductive or unprofitable labour as the rules of Her Majesty s establishment at Ruthin impose. But the man had done something? Yes, he had. Two young sparks were roaming about the town when most folks were in bed—perhaps they were electioneering—looking after the doubtfuls of their party—or perhaps they were quietly going home from a festive gathering, quite sober, their character and position in life provided for that, when this wicked impudent fellow, had the audacity to ask them what color they were? at the same time button-holing the pair, after a fashion well known in Vale-street. For this gross outrage, this great impertinence, he was at once put flat on his back, trod upon, and kicked two or three times in the back. And serve him right, you indignantly exclaim, why should he be inquisitive about the "colors of gentlemen ? he got only what he deserved Then, Mr Editor, you think with me, that he was paid off in his own coin, and the account settled at the same time?" Just so, but what about the ";Cl including coats ? Oh, that was merely the receipt, the acknow- ledgement. True, but it came from the wrong side. A scuffle took place, and the man who is shown to have got the worst of it has to pay. That one of the two young gentlemen was hurt was clearly shown, but it was also as clearly shown that the poor fellow who was fine(I did not inflict that injury, in fact could not in the very nature of the case do so, as he was being held down on the ground, and kicked, and trod upon. Some people may call that justice. I leave it to public opinion, which is in the main right. Denbigh, April 29th, 1880. EVEN HAND. I THE NATIONAL DRINK nVLL FOR 1879. ——— DEAR Sm,-The Excise Returns giving the con- sumption of intoxicating liquors for 1879 have been published, and, now that the excitement of the elec- tion is passing away, it may not be unacceptable to your readers to have placed before them a statement showing the amount of money expended upon intoxi- cating liquors during the year 1879. The following table gives particulars of the various kinds of intoxicating liquors consumed, together with the money expended thereon. It also.gives thereon- Humution for 1878 Gallons. 1879. 1878. I £ £ British Spirits (a) 27,936,651, at 20s.27,936,651.29,358,715 Foreign do. (b). 9,540,851, at 24s.11,449,021. 12,636,364 Wine (c) 14,945,093, at 18s 13,450,5,3 14,645,065 Beer:— Cwt. Bshls.malt. Sugar used (d) 1,066,687= 4,551,192 Malt used (e)49,935,926 Total 54,487,118 Equal to 980,768,124 gals. Beerat Is 6d.73,557,609.83,798,755 British Wines (estimate): Galls, at 2s .17,500,OOO. 1,750,000. 1,750,000 128.143,864 142.188.900 Showing a falling-off in the consumption of £ 14,045,036, or 9.8 per cent. It will be a source of much gratification to all who are concerned for the national well-being to observe the great falling-off whielf there has been in the con- j sumption of intoxicating liquors in 1879 as compared with 1878, reducing the drink bill to an amount below that of any year since 1871. That year it amounted to 2118,906,066 in 1872 it rose to 2131,601,490 1873, 2140,014,712; 1874, kl41,342,997 1875, £ 142,876,669 ;1 1876, £ 147,288,760 in 1877 it fell to 2142,007,231 in 1878 it rose a little, being £ 142,188^00, and in 1879 it h:td fallen to Ql28,143,864, being, as I have said, less than any year since 1871, and nineteen millions less than in 1876. Perhaps it may be said that a considerable propor- tion of the falling off has arisen from the diminution of the people's means owing to the depression in trade. Doubtless some of it may have arisen from this cause, but if the falling off were wholly attributable to the badness of the times, we should find the same cause affecting the consumption of other things, such as tea, coffee, &c., but this has not been the case, as the following table will show. Table showing the consumption 01 tea, coffee, and cocoa dnrinn the years 1878 and 1879 I 1878. 1879. Tea. 157,691,7621b 1(50,652,1871b=l-9 per cent. increase Coffee 33,393,2481b. 34,696,2561b=3'9 per cent. increase Cocoa 9,980,1621b 10,lll,5261b=l-3 per cent. increase oiving an average increase of 2-3 per cent. From the tables which I have given it will be seen that whilst the consumption of intoxicating liquors fell off to the extent of 9'8 per cent, the consumption of tea, &c., increased 2'3 per cent, clearly proving that the reduction in the former case did not arise entirely from the crippled resources of the people, but partly from a change in their habits, due to the spread of temperance truth, to the establishment of coffee- houses, &c., and to improvement in the general legis- lation of the country. It will no doubt alsc be interesting to your reader to know in what proportion the drink expenditure is spread over the United Kingdom. The following table will show this, so far as concerns the consump- tion of beer and British spirits, which are the main items of expenditure. The particulars for wine and foreign spirits are not given in the returns. Table showing the consumption of beer and British spirits in England, Scotland, and Ireland respectively, for the two years 1878 and 1879. iseer. is/». Wit. England. £ 74 951,769.. £ 66,179,036=10 4per cent decrease. Scotland. 3,996,562. 3 337,792=167 „ Irela-d 4,850,424. 4,040,695=16 7 Spirits. England. £ 16,69* ,663 £ 16,314,1/4= 2.3per cent decrease.. Scotland. 6,559,147. 6,287,477= 4*1 Ireland 6,101,905. 5,335,000=12 5 From the above figures it will be seen that whilst the falling off in the consumption of intoxicating liquors has been considerable all round, it has been much greater in Ireland, where Sunday closing had recently come into operation, than in England or Scotland, and there can be no doubt that the good re- sulting from Sunday closing in Ireland would have been still more marked had it not been that five of the large towns, viz., Dublin, Cork, Belfast, Limerick, and Waterford, are exempted from the operation of the Sunday Closing Act. On taking a general survey of the position of mat- ters relating to the nation's intemperance, there will everywhere be a feeling of great satisfaction, if not of relief, at the rapid progress which has taken place in favour of Temperance during the past few years. During the height of our prosperity, six or seven years ago, whilst the evils of intemperance were universally admitted and by many deplored, there yet appeared on the part of the public to be an indifference and an apathy that filled with gloom the hearts of good men and the fear arose in many minds that the nation had become so greatly debased and enslaved bv drink as to have become callous to its vital interests. The con- tinued spread of temperance truth, coupled with the severe distress which has existed, and which has largely been the result of this intemperance, has at length not only enlightened the understandings of the people, but has roused them to such a sense of per sonal obligation as has borne the wholesome fruits to which I have referred. This growth of opinion has been largely manifested during the recent elections. For the first time. per- haps, in the history of electioneering, politicians have taken little or no account of the Publican power the conscience of the nation has been too much aroused to permit of its lending its influence in support of an interest which is so antagonistic to the commercial moral, physical, and social well-being of the people, and the result is, we have a Parliament m?r? in sympathy with questions of social reform than ?n? previous Parliament during the present generate and if the new House of Commons succeeds in dea? with tShe f licensing system in such a manner as will redeem the country from the fearful e?-esulStn?g therefrom it will earn the gratitude, not only of th! nation, but of the whole civilised world.—T I yours traly, I yours traly, WILLIAM HOYLF Claremont, Tottington, near Bury, Lancashire, April 17th, 1880..

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