General News. I "J,- I Mr. Frederick Adams, farmer, near Abingdon, has' toen found dead in a hedge on his farm. Mr. Chaplin's motion on the subject of the malt tax will be opposed by Mr. J. Barclay (Forfarshire). 12,000 rifles and a large quantity of ammunition v.: been forwarded to Tashkent for the Khan of Khiva. Belgians are rejoicing over the fact that the alleged attempt upon the life of their Queen was nothing but a joke. The Sanitary Council of the province of Rome has authorised the erection of a cremation establishment at Campo Vcrano. I The Trinidad beef factory in the South American Republic of Uruguay uses about 120 to 130 head of bullocks per diem in its tinning operations. Some three or four hundred men employed at the; Barrow Hematite Colliery, near Barnsley, have gone out on strike. Copies have reached Berlin of a Nihilist procla-! mation in which regret is expressed at the escape of the Czar in tho late explosion. The Gazette contains the proclamation of Sir Bartle Frere prohibiting the importation of vines iuto South Africa, owing to the prevalent disease. A "science demonstrator" is to be appointed in connection with the Birmingham board schools, at i salary of £ 250 a year. While three labourers were emptying a cart over the cliffs nhar Clifton Baths, Margate, one of them, named Price, missed his footing and fell on the aands. Assistance was promptly at hand, but he soon expired. The body of a newly-born child was found in a railway carriage belonging to the Manchester, Shef- field, and Lincolnshire Railway Company, at Shef- field, on Friday. The Essex Chamber of Agriculture have passed a resolution condemning the present land laws, and approving of the Government proposals of land law reform. Mahomed Afzulkhan, rossaidar of the 11th Bengal Lancers, and orderly native officer to the Prince of Wales, has been selected for important political em- ployment at Cabul. The foundation stone of the new Fruit and Vege- table Market for the city of London—the site of which is between Farringdon Road and Charterhouse Street—will be laid on the 17th instant. At Faversham, a butcher named Apps, living at Rainham, near Sittingbourne, has been fined 120 and costs, amounting to 27s., for exposing diseased meat for sale in Faversham market. The recent heavy rains have caused great floods in King's and Queen's Counties, in Ireland. Consider- able damage has been done, and in the PuUagh dis- trict ten families have had to leave their homes. The St. Petersburg Molrn contends that the attempt upon General Loris Melikoff's life is but one more proof of the utter uselessness of combating Nihilism by mere measures of police. At a meeting of the Royal National Lifeboat Insti- tution deep sorrow was expressed at the recent accident to the Ardrossan lifeboat while engaged in the rescue of the barque Matilda Hilliard. Mr. Councillor Samuel Smith, in addressing a gathering of cabmen at Hope Hall, Liverpool, offered to present a library of books for the free use of the cabmen if a suitable bookcase were provided. The excavations at Olympia, which have been car- ried on by a party of German savants, but the funds for which were not contributed very readily by the German people, will now be provided by the Emperor Hit of his private purse. A serious outbreak of measles is reported from Devonport. No less than twenty-three cases have been removed from her Majesty's training-ship Im- pregnable. and the epidemic also exists on board the training-ship Implacable. The Berlin International Fishery Exhibition will bo opened on April 20, and will remain open during May and June. A special prize will be given for a home for rendering innocuous the waste water from factories and town refuse. A return, issued, of amounts paid in respect of the grant of Is. for each pupil taught singing in ele- mentary schools for the year ended August 31st, 1870. shows that the total amount paid was C128,680 10s., in which 24,701 schools participated. A writ and notice of motion in the Court of Chancery has been served upon the Leeds Corpora- tion. to restrain them from proceeding with the erection of their new public offices, on the ground that they will interfere with the light to an adjoining warehouse. The Nightsoil Department of the Manchester Cor- poration is yet far from being remunerative. The irtounts just published show for last year an expen- diture of £ 08,289, against total receipts of 120,059, leaving a balance of C48,230 on the debit aide of the i,-count. At Carricknmcross Workhouse, county Monaghan, after about 500 out-door relief cases had been dealt with, a deputation of :100 ratepayers assembled a Jay or twu agJ. and protested against out-door re- lief, stating they were unable to bear any additional hardens. A New York Ilerahl telegram says China is making heavy war preparations, and purchasing irms extensively. The Russian complication ipl I-, chief cause, but a defiant attitude is shovn in a much less degree towards foreign Powers generally. lu reply to a correspondent, who said hr had re- nted thirteen prosecutions, and unsuccessfully tppt aled to the Queen's Bench Division, Mr. Herbert Spencer writes that he is strongly opposed to com- ilkils,)rv vaccination, but he is compelled to refrain from entering at any length into tke question. Honry Flynn, a plate-laver en the London, Chat- w.n, and Dover Hailwav, has just met with a fright- ful death. IIi- was engaged in the repair of the line It Itoehe.-ter, when he was knocked down by a pass- -traiR. His skull was fractured, both legs broken, "ill his buck injured. A bailiff named Dualcin, who had been warning if tenants at K.nockrickard to pay their rents, was h" other ni;i)t pursued by a body of about one iiiTiilrt.J wow en, who pelted him with stones. Dua- kin took n luge in an old house, where he remained "ni ealkd until the women had passed tnd were out ■'t sight. Liout. Palandor, ot the Swedish. Royal Navy, who I'uniffiitndcd the now celebrated Vega. the exploring v¡'s,'ùl in which Professor Nordenskiold made the N'orth-East Passage, will contribute an account of the voyage to the March number of Blackwood." Judgnicnt has been given at Liverpool in the Hoard of Trade inquiry into the foundering of the steamship Bt-ngure, and the loss of thirteen lives, including the captain. The court held that the stability of the vessel had been affected by a leaky tank, whicl. eventually produced the disaster. At a picture shop at the "W est End i" now exhibited "O¡,y of the caricature by Irilray in which Gr-orge 111. represented as looking through a glass at ,ll'on I., whom he holds in his hand. The pic- lure is now labelled "Designed for a stained-glass wiudow in Westminster Abbey." It is said that after Mr. Green has completed the edition of his "Short History of the Eng- lish lVople," lie will set to work on a large historical wûrk tu hridgr over the period between Mr. Free- IlL;¡,n\ Nurinan Conquest" and Mr. Froude's Hiltijrv (if the Tudors." Thc Pope has been informed that three-fourths of u "•« ?itatioo in Ireland is due to the spirit of ?" ''d?in. ?? he has enjoined the lash bishops to ,u,iul t?t whilst j,?;e?j? distress, they should iiihy ITitk) ?" '?"ds ?f those who are worÏâng for jj ?ULtual ￼ m. ￼ ¡ A 'lrtá,lftlJ I" I ?' ''rrcncc is reported from Dunman- ) d\. ('11111'" "r k 1) I I ""[ I, .1' son ? ?""?. ￼ 1);?ilie l and Mary R-:Hy,son? m,i? v "i a fanner hnng' nan- the town ￼ :ttln! by the fire-place in their own house, .j ￼ ￼ "? hythchre-place iu their ownh.?ej ■J jiiji T ,l.C lir'v.dei;coof a violent storm, wore s true, ? '?"t? ?,j .,iiiej on the spot. i
j r A;'v, a regular shopper, who had made an un- "?'?;tt. clerk nimble over all the stockings m the j "ejected that none of them were long enough. '.?nt," she said, "the longest hose that are ?, "Then. madam," was the n'ply. "you had '"t?rupplyatthenext?ngnic-houtb. STKONGBOW, on entering Waterford Harbour, He-erred a castle on one tihorc and a church on the itlier, inquiring what they were, he was told it was 11", Castle of lloolc and the Church of Crook. Then," said ho, "we must pntcl" and take the L-,wn by Hook or by Crook." Hence the proverb to this day. A NEW ENGLAND writer is noted for neglect in his personal appearance. The night before Christmas a to a friend of making the author a I want to get him something that will ''1*. observed the gentleman. In that case, Would suggest a cake of soap," remarked tho friend. I'oaald returns from a visit to his brother Dugald, WIL,) i- in the Glasgow police force, and is quite I'UI vi hi, white gloves. Father: An' did YI"11 .?dd'- Donald: Ye.?. I'll saw Dugald. ?.?- Did ln-'llwear the kilt( Donald: Wear ? 'V, 'll: ?; h"'ll wear trews on his breeka, an' i 11 on his bans too, whatever. insh o.-iLie:' was sent to the stable to bring L travellers horse. Not knowinn; which of ,tran,e, h- rs(is in the stable belonged to the aii -i --itin- to avoid the appearance of in his business, he aaddled both animals tli(.iii to the door. The traveller pointed lJi' "l'h t' 'J 1.1 own h01'SÚ, saYIng, it S my nag. 1, t' rtauily, yer honour, I know that very well; 41,11 know which was the other gintle- I didn't know which was the other gintle-
DISGRACEFUL CONDUCT OF AN UNDER. GRADUATE. At the Cambridge Borough Police Court, on Mon- day morning before the Mayor and several other magistrates, an undergraduate named Charles D. M. Shuldham, of St. John's College, was charged with "being drunk, using obscene language, and assaulting a' constable while in the execution of his duty on Saturday night. From the evidence of the constable and other witnesses it appeared that the defendant, who was intoxicated, was on Midsummer Common, when a young man accompanied by a female passed him. The defendant made use of very foul language towards them, and afterwards to several other females who passed him on the path. Upon the constable, who was close behind him, and the young man remonstrating with defendant, he be- came very violent, and struck the former with his fist in the face. He was taken into custody and re- mained voilent until the arrival of a proctor, who went to the police station witn him. The defendant proposed to call the young woman for his defence, but his college proctor, in reply to the bench, did not think that the case need be adjourned for that pur- pose.—The bench inflicted a penalty of L,5 for the assault and of X2 for using obscene language. The money was paid by his tutor.
GREAT GUN EXPLOSION. A Woolwich correspondent says that the news of 1 a 100-ton gun having burst on board the Italian ironclad Duilio, at Spezzia, on Saturday last, follow- ing so early upon the destruction of the Thunderer 38-ton gun. has created much interest among artil- I lerists, and given rise to various speculative theories. j The 100-ton guns having been manufactured by Sir William Armstrong are constructed on his usual j! system of fine cbils, unlike the Woolwich guns, which are composed of a few very large and strong coils. The advocates of the latter system, which requires for its adoption special and powerful machinery, such as the Government possess, discern in this difference the cause of the disaster, but more impartial critics believe that, like the Thunderer accident, the gun has burst through improper load- ing or some other abnormal cause, which investiga- tion will explain. That two wrought-iron guns, steel lined, have burst out of the multitude which have been manufactured is held to have established no case of suspicion against the wrought-iron system, nor even to have upset the contention of the national gunmakers that guns of tough and elastic wronght- iron coils, properly made and properly loaded, can never burst without warning. At the same time this second casualty is attracting more particular atten- tion to the later designsfor heavy ordnance, not only in relation to breech-loading, but in the still newer idea of steel guns. Steel until recently was a material too brittle and treacherous to find favour for gunmaking in this country, but the discoveries of science during the last few years have almost absolutely changed its character, and descriptions of steel have been produced which not only preserve their extreme strength, but are capable of being- i i wrought like iron, and possess most, if not all, its advantages. It is quite probable before long that a gun may be in hand at the Royal (run Factories j compounded entirely of steel bars, coiled and welded precisely as the wrought-iron guns are now. Ex- periments have been made with satisfactory ri-sul- and the reports are under consideration. j
CAPTURE OF A VESSEL. On Tuesday, a telegram was received in Liverpool announcing the capture of the Liverpool vessel Knight Templar in South America. The message came from Valparaiso, and stated that the vessel, which was bound from Liverpool to Arica, had been captured while attempting to run the blockade. The owners of the vessel, who belong to this port, have also received a telegram to the same effect, though neither of the messages contains the nationality of her captors, whether Chilians or Peruvians. From the fact, however, that Arica is in Peru, it is believed that the Knight Templar must have been seized by the Chilians, who were blockading the port of Arica. The Knight Templar, a barque of 443 tons register, left the Mersey for Arica on the 13th of November last, having on board a valuable general cargo, and it is supposed that the captain would not be aware of the exact state of affairs: nntil he was arrested by his captors, as it is very probable that the blockade had not been effected when he left this port. When the Knight Templar sailed from Liverpool she was under the command; of Captain Girard, and it is hoped that he has been able to explain his position sufficiently to justify his immediate release-
ATTEMPTED FRAUD ON A RAILWAY COMPANY. j At the Liverpool Police Court, on Tuesday, before Mr. Raffles, a young man named John Kehoe was charged with uttering a forged order for wages. Mr. Bcllnnger, who appeared to prosecute on behalf of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company, 3tated that the prisoner went. to ihc? pay-clerk in the cashier's office of the Great Howard Street 'Station on the 3rd inst., and presented an order purporting to be sigped by Hugh Lloyd, the com- pany's timekeeper at the North Dock Station. The words on the order were, "Please pay the bearer, John Burns, extra brakesman, four mid a half Jays' extra time," and at the foot, Discharged for being drunk on duty." There being no corresponding slips in tie office, the money was not paid. On being closely questioned he ran away, but was fol- lowed by a constable in the employ of the company and apprehended. The prisoner now said he had been the tool of some practised cheat. A man had promised him two shillings if he got the money by means of the order. He thought the money had been earned. He was a sailor, and did know the rules of railway companies. He had only come from sea a fortnight ago he had been duped. It was stated that since his capture the prisoner had told various stories about the order, none of which could be proved to be true. The prisoner was committed to the assizes for trial.
EMIGRATION FROM LIVERPOOL. I The returns of emigrationfrom the Mersey during the month of February have been issued, and show a great increase which contrasted with the figures of 1879, being more than double those af the latter period and above the figures of the month of January this year. It was expected that there would be an increase in the number last month when compared with the month immediately preceding, but the remarkable increase over February of last year was scarcely looked for. During last month 5,9.54 per- sons took their departure in 70 ships, 3,369 being English, 41 Scotch, 986 Irish, 1,420 foreigners, and 132 whose nationalities were not given. Of the num- ber 5,331 went to the United States, of whom 2,941 were English, 36 Scotch, 948 Irish, 1,392 foreigners, and 14 not distinguished 410 to Canada 11 to Aus- Itrailia, 91 to South America, 54 to the East Indies, 10 the West Indies, 4 to China, and 43 to the West Coast of Africa. When these figures are compared with those of February last year they they show an increase of 3,001, while they are also 1,607 in excess of January this year.
NARROW ESCAPE OF A STEAMER. I A Valentia correspondent telegraphs:—The Bro- I dick Castle, of Glasgow, 2,515 tons, Captain Seward, b*und from San Francisco for Cork, with a wheat cargo, narrowly escaped becoming a total wreck off the coast of Kerry on Friday night. The Skelliga Light and the Basket Island Light were mistaken for the Fastnet. The vessel was in imminent danger of running on the rocks, when she was boarded by the Dingle pilot, Captain Osborne. The Clyde steamship Rockabill, lying at Valentia, hastened to the rescue, and, although twelve hawsers were broken, nobly stood by during the night, finally saving the ship. She has been 131 days out. The captain announces that in the direct track east of Falkland Island he encountered eight icebergs 800 feet high. This was unparalleled and unaccount- able. The Brodick Castle lies at Valentia waiting to be towed to Queenstown.
A Bill to amend the law relating to charities in Ireland has been printed. For his many years' services Prince Gortschakoff has been rewarded with a property belonging to the Crown. The Queea has decorated Gunner John Cantwell for gallantry displayed at the defence of the hospital at Rorke's Drift. The general election is expected to precipitate a serious struggle in Ireland between the Nationalists and the Liberal party. The heo-ira of members of Parliament has com- menced, and members are rapidly leaving London. The Government do not see any necessity for fur- ther scicntific inquiries on the subject of sheep-rot. Mr. Stevenson will not proceed with his motion relating to the closing of public-houses on Sundays. Lord Coleridge has refused to grant a new trial in the action brought by a Cardiff man against Mr. Forbes for non-delivery of his lecture, the jury hav- ing- found for the desendant. Sixteen persons have within a week or two been stabbed at Strasbourgh by a man unknown to them, who has hitherto escaped arrest. Happily, none of the wounds have been dangerous. Messrs. Holt and Wilmot have just purchased a new and original opera-buffe entitled, The Derby Day," and music and libretto both by Leopold Jor- dan. It w il be produced at the Duke's Theatre. Sir Kenneth Mackenzie, Bart., of Gairloch, has announced to the Liberal party in the county of In- nrncss, his intention to contest the constituency against the sitting member, Mr. Cameron of Lochiel, Conservative. Three thousand carp, reared in the ponds of Earl Amherst, at Montreal, near Sevenoaks, have been transferred to the Thames at Teddington Weir, Kingston, and Thames Ditton, under the superin- tendance of Mr: Alfred Nuthall. A telegram from Valparaiso reports that an ex- plosion occurred there at the military arsenal in the depot, where a quantity of shell was stored. Twenty persons were killed, and half the building was des- troyed;
THE GENERAL ELECTION. I ADDRESSES BY I THE EARL OF BEACONSFIELD, MAR QUI S 0 FHA R TIN G T (j S, SIR STAFFORD NORTH COTE, AND THE I HOME RULERS. I EARL OF BEACONSFIELD'S MANIFESTO. The following is a copy of the letter which has been addressed by the Earl of Beaconsfield to his Ex- cellency tbe Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland :— The Earl of Beaconsfield to his Excellency the Lord- Lieutenant of Ireland. "10, Downing-street, March 8, 1880. MY LORD DUKE,—The measures respecting the state of Ireland, which her Majesty's Government so anxiously considered with your Excellency, and in which they were much aided by your advice and authority, are now about to be submitted for the Royal assent, and it is at length in the power of the Ministers to advise the Queen to recur to the sense of her people. The arts of agitators which represented that England, instead of being the generous and sym- pathising friend, was indifferent to the dangers and the sufferings of Ireland, have been defeated by the measures, at once liberal and prudent, which Parlia- ment .has almost unanimously sanctioned. During the six years of the present administration the improvement of Ireland and the content of our fellow-countrymen in that island have much occupied the care of the Ministry, and they may remember with satisfaction that in this period they have solved one of the most difficult problems connected with its government and people by establishing a system of public education open to all classes and all creeds. "Neverthless a danger in its ultimate results scarcely less disastrous then pestilence and famine, and which now engages your Excellency's anxious attention, distracts that country. A portion of its population is attempting to sever the constitutional tie which unites it to Great Britain in that bond which has favoured the power and prosperity of both. It is to be hoped that all men of light and leading will resist this destructive doctrine. The strength of this nation depends on the unity of feeling which should pervade the United Kingdom and its wide- spread dependencies. The first duty of an English Minister should be to consolidate that co-operation which renders irresistible a community educated as our own in an equal love of liberty and law. And yet there are some who challenge the ex- pediency of the imperial character of this realm. Having attempted and failed to enfeeble our Colonies by their policy of decomposition, they may perhaps now recognise in the disintegration of the United Kingdom a mode which will not only accomplish but precipitate their purpose. "The immediate dissolution of Parliament will afford an opportunity to the nation to decide upon a course which will materially influence its future for- tunes and shape its destiny. Rarely in this century has there been an occasion more critical. The power of England and the peace of Europe will largely depend on the verdict of the country. Her Majesty's present Ministers have hitherto been enabled to secure that peace so neces- sary to the welfare of all civilised countries, and so peculiarly the interest of our own. But this ineffable blessing cannot be obtained by the passive principle of non-interference. Peace rests on the presence, not to say the ascendency, of England in the councils of Europe. Even at this moment the doubt supposed to be inseparable from popular election, it does not diminish, certainly arrests her influence, and is a main reason for not delaying an appeal to the national voice. Whatever may be its consequence to her Majesty's present advisers, may it return to West- minster a Parliament not unworthy of the power of England and resolved to maintain it" I have the honour to be, my Lord Duke, your faithful servant, BEACONSFIILD. His Excellency the Lord- Lieutenant of Ireland, K.G. ADDRESS OF LORD HARTINGTON. The Marquis of Hartington has issued the fol lowing address to the electors of North-East Lanca shire Devonshire House, March 10th. Her Majesty's Ministers have at length decided to terminate the existence of this Parliament and tc give to the constituencies of the United Kingdom the opportunity of pronouncing their verdict upon the issues which have been so long and so fully dis- cussed in Parliament and throughout the country. I hasten, therefore, to redeem the pledge which I gave now nearly nine months ago, and to ask the electors of North-East Lancashire, by returning me as one of their members, to renew the connection which many years since existed between this im- portant constituency and myself. I ask them thus to give a proof of the confidence which, as I believe, they feel in the priniplis of the party to which I belong, and their approval of the policy which in the I present Parliament I have consistently, but unsuc- aeasfully advocated. The Prime Minister has stated in his letter to the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland the issues upon which, in his opinion, the country will be called upon to iecide. I seek to evade no issue which the Govern- ment can raise but it is necessary that they should be plainly stated, and that others which he has ,va xed should be svaded should be brought before you. I know of no party who challenges the expediency of the Imperial character of this realm. I know of none who have ittempted to enfeeble our Colonies by their policy jf decomposition. If our Colonies are at this mo- ment more loyal to the Throne, more attached to the oonnection with the mother country, more willing to undertake the common responsibilities and bur- dens which must be borne by all the members of a great Empire than at any former time, it is due to the fact that, under the guidance of Liberal statesmen, they have received institutions of com- plete self-government, and have learned to reeog- aise the truth that entire dependence on Imperial issistance for their protection and defence is not sompatible with their dignity or freedom. No patriotic purpose is, in my opinion, gained by the use of the language of exaggeration in describing tho Irish agitation for Home Rule and believing the demand as described to be impractieable, and considering that any concession or appearance of concession in this direction would be mischievous in its effects to the prosperity of Ireland, as well as that of England and Scotland. I have consistently opposed it in office and in Opposition, and shall con- tinue to oppose it. This agitation has existed during the whole of the continuance of this Parliament. It has been treated by the Government until now, if J not with indulgenee, with indifference, and the attempt to raise national jealousies and re-awaken national animosities by descriptions of dangers worse than pestil. u e and famine appears to me to be unnecessary and unwise. This agitation must be met, not by passionate exaggerations, but by firm and consistent resistance, combined with the proof that the Imperial Parliament is able and willing to grant every reasonable or just demand of the Irish people for equal laws and institutions. We have willingly and without reference to party considera- tions co-operated with the Government in the measures which they have proposed for extending to the Irish people, without distinction of religious creed, the advantages of intermediate and University education. The efforts of the late Government in that direction were defeated by a combination of which the party now in power formed the principal element. It would not have been difficult for us to have formed a similar combination for the purpose of embarrassing the Government. But we preferred to assist in the passing of measures which, though in our opinion inadequate in some respects, and not calculated to provide a final settlement of the question, at least gave a proof to the Irish people of the desire of all parties in Parliament to meet a reasonable Irish demand. Much, however, remains to be done in removing those inequalities of the law which still exist to the disadvantage of Ireland before we can hope that the Irish people will be convinced of the i just impartiality of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Lord Beaconsfield claims that her Majesty's j Ministers have maintained the peace of Europe, which he justly describes as necessary to the welfare of the civilised world; but they did not prevent, aven if their policy did not cause, a war in the East t Europe. The ascendancy of England has been claimed in circulars, but it has been surrendered in I secret conventions. In the aggrandisement of Russia and the destruction of the integrity and indepen- dence of the Turkish Empire, the declared objects of their policy have been frustrated. The settlement of the Eastern Question which the Government I; claim to have effected, rested in the main degree on the Anglo-Turkish Convention, which stipulated for .l the reform of Turkish rule in Asia Minor. In the time which has elapsed since that Convention was signed no progress whatever has been made towards giving effect to its provisions. Her Majesty's Ministers themselves will not deny that all remon- strances they have addressed to the Porte, and all the efforts they have made to reform its Government, have totally failed, and the Convention itself still remains a dead letter. We were told two years ago by the Government that the Greek question was settled, an4 that Greece had obtained all that a reasonable Power could demand in the frontier de- fined by the protocol of Berlin; but Greece has obtained nothing, and that question, which still dis- turbs Eastern Europe, was as far from a solution as ever. Thus th.e policy has failed, but the immense responsibilities incurred by this country remain- responsibilities in return for which the acquisition of Cyprus (which adds nothing to the military strength of the nation) affords no adequate compensation. In Africa her Majesty's Ministers have drifted into a war which they did not sanction and which they de- plore-a. war which has brought no honour and no advantage, no return for the blood and treasure which have been spent. In Afghanistan they have created a war which has destroyed a nation, the strength and indepen- dence of which they declared, in common with their predecessors, to be important for the safety of the frontier of India. The flower of the Indian army and the resources of India are still employed in 1 guarding the ruins which they have made, and in ::> J repressing the anarchy which they have let loose. The policy of the Government has ir^ oK ed India not only in great present expense, but in future per- manent charges which are yet undefined, but which must be immense, and that at a time when it is only found possible to balance the finances of India by a reduction of those public works which are necessary for the well-being of the people and the develop- ment of the resources of the umpire. The just in- fluence of England in the councils of Europe is an object which the Liberal party has pursued with at least as much anxiety, and certainly with more success, than has alteifded the policy of the present Adminstration. The creation of the independence ef Belgium was the work of a Liberal Administration, and the successful measures taken by the Govern- ment of Mr. Gladstone to protect Belgium when menaced may well be contrasted with the result of the Turkish policy of Lord Beaconsfield. But the influence of England does not rest upon boasts of ascendency over Europe irrespective of the objects for which the ascendency is to be employed. It rests on the firmness and moderation of our conduct, baseAaipon the material and moral strength of our position, and exercised in concert with other nations on behalf of peace, justice, and freedom. I have shown that the Government, while claiming to have exercised a paramount influence, have failed to bring a permanent settlement of any of the questions in which they have interfered ;■ and now, when they are asking the country to re-establish the influence of England-which, as they state, has been arrested —they fail to indicate in the slightest degree the objects to which in the future the influence is to be directed. The domestic consequences of a foreign policy at once restless and undecided have been, as might have been anticipated, stagnant in internal reforms and financial confusion. If our predecessors had thought only of developing the power and influence of Eng- land abroad, and had neglected the foundations on which they rest at home, the power and influence would never have existed. They are the results of a gradual but constant progress in the moral and material conditions of the people, and the consequent progress in the moral and material resouraes of the country. Every advance in the direction of civil and religious liberty, of self-government, of the freedom of trade, of popular education, has been a step in the growth of the true power of the Empire. Are we now to be content with a display of the results which have been accomplished in the eyes of the world, and to neglect the means by which the results have been obtained ? It is acknowledged that tho system of popular representa- tion in Parliament is still incomplete, that the prin- ciples of local self-government have been as yet imperfectly employed in our counties and rural dis- tricts, and that artificial and absolute restrictions of law still hinder the natural distribution of the land in a manner that would be most advantageous to the State. The restriction of these questions has been so far recognised by the Government as to preclude the possibility of argument upon the subj ect of their urgency, but nothing serious in re- lation to them has been attempted, nor is there any indication that anything serious is intended. The measure of the capacity of the Government for practical legislation has been recently illustrated by the fate of the measure introduced by the Home Secretary for the water supply of London. The very fact of the dissolution having been postponed to the middle of a session, when it might with equal con- venience have taken place at the commencement of the year, furnishes a proof that the legislative duties of Parliament are a matter of no concern in the view of the Government. The Chancellor of the Exchequer will have shortly to explain how he proposes to deal with the financial deficits which have accumulated during the last throe yeacs, notwithstanding the im- position of fresh taxes but he will be placed in the alternative of acknowledging that the Ministry shrink from asking the people to defray the annual charge of their policy or of calling for sacrifices from the tax- payers which cannot but grievously check the revi- ving trade or .industry of the country. It will be remembered that her Majesty's Ministers entered upon office at a moments when the financial coudition of the country was eminently srtisfactory and that they undertook lo afford relief to various in- terest* which as they alleged had been neglected or had been injured I ask the electors to consider whether any class or interest has been benefited by the recent administration of affairs, or whether the burdens upon all have not been increased without relief to any. The Liberal party can offer no special favour to any class or to any interest. They can only undertake that, while upholding the power of the Empire, securing the safety of our own country and main- taing its possessions, they will engage in no policy of disturbance or of uncalled-for annexation. Such a policy, in onr opinion, will best promote the true greatness and the prosperity of the whole country and satisfactorily secure the welfare of every section of the :community,I am, your obedient servant, PARTINGTON. ADDRESS OF SIR STAFFORD NORTHCOTE The following is Sir Stafford Northcote's address to the electors of North Devon:— Gentlemen—Her 31ajesty has declared her gracious intention to dissolve the present Parliament, and I shall shortly have occasion to solicit at your hands a renewal of the trust which you have done me tho honour to confide in me as your representative. The duration of the Parliament now about to be dissolved has been long, but its age is not to be measured by the number of years for which it has sat, so much as by the importance of the events which have occurred during the term of its existence, and the magnitude of the issue which it has been called on to decide. Throughout a period of no common difficulty and anxiety it has upheld the honour of the country, and has vindicated its claim to its proper- rank and influ- ence amongst the nations of the world. Though it has not escaped the captious criticisms of a certain number of politicians within and without its walls, it has received at the hands of the nation a generous recognition of its patriotic aims and its courageous firmness in support of those great interests which a British Parliament has it in charge to maintain. Its foreign, its colonial, and its domestic policy have all been animated by the same spirit and the same de- termination to uphold at once the greatness, the integrity, and the constitution of the Empire, and to knit together the various races who own the sov- eignity of ,the Queen and the various classes of society which constitute the strength of our people. It has laboured to avert war, and where that has not been possible it has successfully striven to limit its range, and to prevent complications which would have been alike menacing to the particular interests of this country and to the general peace of Europe. It has emphatically proclaimed the national determi- nation to maintain, strengthen, and defend our great Colonial and Indian Empire. It has earnestly pro- moted measures for the advancement of the true interests of Ireland, while it has steadily resisted proposals, however plausible, tending to weaken, or even to dissolve, the ties which bind together the great members of the United Kingdom. In its domestic legislation it has kept in view the importance of aiming at the general good of the com- munity, and of doing strict justice between ap- parently conflicting interests without sacrificing the welfare of one class to the claims of the prejudices of others. At the same time it has been on its guard against the danger of attempting to remodel our ancient institutions in accordance with theoretical ideas unsuited to the national character. Guided by these principles, it has been able to effect substantial improvements in many of the laws directly or indirectly affecting the great industrial classes, both in their relations one to the other, and in the amelioration of their social, moral, and educational condition. The financial policy which it has supported has been assailed with a bitterness easily to be under- stood, but which can only be justified upon tho un- tenable hypothesis that it is the duty of a Finance Minister, when the necessities of the state compel him to provide for additional expenditure to do so in the manner most oppressive to the taxpayers, with- out regard either to the character of the expenditure or to the circumstances of the country. I cannot attempt within the limits of this address to deal with the extraorclinary misrepresentations of financial facts which have been industriously put forth by some of the opponents of the present Government. I will content myself with pointing out that, after a period of almost unexampled commercial depres- sion and of grave agricultural losses, during which we have had to incur the expenses of defending our interests in three different quarters of the globe, the taxation of the country is lighter than in almost any year previous to the accession of the present Govern- ment to power, while théJreal amount of the National Debt stands now at eighteen million pounds below the the sum at which we found it. The Crimean war added upwards of forty millions to the debt, and left the taxpayer subject to an income tax of Is. 4d. in the pound, besides heavy imposts on the necessaries of life. The war into which but for a decided policy we should probably have been drawn would have been more burdensome, both to the taxpayer of the day and to our posterity. I trust, gentlemen, that the period of our anxiety is now drawing to a close, and that it will be in the 'power of the next Parliament to carry on the work of social and domestic improvement with undivided energies. Should the coming elections result in a renewal of the nation's confidence in the present Ministry, it will be our earnest endeavour to show ourselves worthy of that confidence by pursuing the same lines of policy as those which I have briefly vindicated, which have been maintained by us in the jight of this Empire and of the world, and on which the electors of the United Kingdom are now called to pronounce.—I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant, March 10. STAFFORD H. NORTHCOTE. THE HOME RULE MANIFESTO. I The following manifesto has been unanimously adopted by the executive of the Home Rule Con- federation of Great Britain :— To the presidents, officers, and members ef the association of the Irish Home Rule Confederation and the Irish people in Great Britain.—" Fellow-eountry- men,—The Prime Minister of England has issued, in the guise of a letter to the Irish Viceroy, a declara- tion of war upon you, your country, and your friends. At a loss for a cry with which to go to the electors after six years of feebleness and cruelty abroad and sham legislation at home, a Ministry of misfortune are seeking to obtain a renewed term of office by sowing dissension and hatred between Englishmen and Irishmen, for the vicious manifesto of Lord Beaconsfield directly appeals to the worst passions and prejudices in order to stir up the English people against Irish nationality. To what avail have the Home Rule League and Confederation urged upon Irishmen to pursue the attainment of our national demands by constitutional agitation if a despotic and rancorous Minister is now to be encouraged to drive Irish discontent outside the pale of the law, in order then to drown disaffection in the blood of the people. Lord Beaconsfield will neither grant to Ireland the right to manage her own affairs, nor grant to Irish- men the common rights and privileges of British citizens. Every effort has been made in the Parlia- ment which is now expiring to place the Irish people 1% on an equality with England and Scotland has been 1 crushed by the brute strength of an unscrupulous and solent Tory majority. Fellow-countrymen,—The foreign policy of Lord I* onsfield has been an inglorious and disastrous e The record of his domestic achievements tells of shall ie and nothing but shame. This is why he _? to attack the Irish people, and to hound on, as clit')O"s the passions of the ignorant and unreflecting ..?Y? ? country. Lord Beaconsfield fears that the -r? ? '? will decline to applaud the destruction r u?or??\ e Afghans and Africans. He dreads the verdt of « ?? opinion upon his waste of the public verd,4;t of pix,b'% iL Ith the same sort of courage which resources, ? avoid a difficult conte"t, he issued always makes li^ r:iyil war against the Irish people be- a proclamation oF, ? ?? ? ??? ? ?? are misgoverned cause they ae am? .? rti ?ley are i j the miseries ????&?? iniquitous land laws render of the famine whfcfe lniqmtfoU3 land lawH render inevitable, and whii*. Lord Beaconsfield's Ad- vsn"r cares how to relieve. ministration neither k«*v K™ and manly Englishman hadev« be our duty an d sympathy to the Irish ? '??? ??' to oppose the Minister whLe. YS M I ^a7t ^the* summed up in coercion codæ.t. 1 who .could jest at ￼ summe d up in coercion codes,.? "?? -? ?e toast,? s an d starvation of the western teA1 Presence °( 1 feastings of the London G?iM?i thatll^ now^een atrocious and criminal manceu'? ￼ ￼ now been attempted, that duty is doubly i )TraLive v ore against Benjamin Disraeli as ysu'si? ?? at? he enemy of your country and your race: Vote aamst the unscrupulous intriguer whose cha? cter was so exact l y defined by the great O'Connelll w ,fen exactly denned by the great O'ConneII'?. ben be de- tected and denounced the faithless ndv?at. uJer, had first crept into public life by begging?be ? a^or the Irish Liberator. Let no nominee or 3ipp<? -? f!1 his be aided by any vote of yours to swell the ttr? ngtli of his evil power. Every Irishman who lovten- Irela. "J,' every Irishman who seeks and appreciates the fmn. _I ship of honest Englishmen and Scotchmen"wiH pp<-?. to the utmost of his ability the common enemy of tbe > peace and concord of Ireland and Great -Britain,— (Sitrned) John Barry, vice-president; F. H. O'Donnell, M.P., vice-president; Justin McCarthy, M.P., honorary vice-president; J. Lvsaght Finigan, M.P., honorary vice-president; P. J. Foley, honorary vice-president; A. M. Sullivan, M.P., Jas. Kelly, T. F. Rouse, E. Mooney, J. O'Connor Power, M.P., honorary secretary; A. O'Connor, treasurer W. J. Oliver, acting secretary. Offices of the Home Rule Confederation, London, March 10, 1880."
Imperial Parliament. -0 -F L" 0" R- D" "V i HOUSE OF LORDS.—FRIDAY. I _n_n_- The Local Courts of Bankruptcy (Ireland) Bill passed through committee. Replying to the Duke of St. Alban's, the Duke of Richmond and Gordon said the Royal Commission on Agriculture regarded as important in the enquiry they were making the' question of transport and rates for carriage of agri- cultural produce. On the motion to receive the re- ports of the amendments on the Relief of Distress (Ireland) Bill, Lord Emly suggested that some officer of experience should be appointed by the Govern- ment to preside over the relief operations under the bill. He also protested against a speech delivered some time since, at Kendal, by Mr. Lowther, the chief Secretary for Ireland, wherein he had made sweeping charges against the whole of the country which were not justified by the facts, and were cal- culated to produce a bad effect. The report was was agreed to. Their Lordships adjourned at 6. 35. I HOUSE OF COMMONS.—FRIDAY. I Mr. Hibbert called attention to the stringent con- ditions laid down by the High Sheriff of Lancashire for the admission of reporters to Kirkdale Prison on the occasion of the private execution of two crimi- nals on Tuesday. The Home Secretary said the High Sheriff was perfectly willing that reporters 3hould be admitted, but he wished to guard against the publication of extravagant reports, which were calculated to do much injury. Mr. Bright ob- served that a witness before the Commission v hich recommended private executions expressed the Dpinion that the change would very soon lead to the ibolition of capital punishment, because the pub- lic would never stand such a monstrous state of ;hings as that criminals should be strangled in private. He believed that the feelings of the public were outraged by these occurrences, and that the High Sheriff of Lancashire had done much to mako ;he continuance of private executions, as they were aow carried out, impossible. He asked, was it to be anderstood that the Home Secretary had nothing whatever to do with the matter, and that Parliament nad no remedy whatever, except by a resolution de- claring its opinion ? The Home Secretary somewhat. testily deprecated the raising of a debate upon a question, whereupon Lord Hartington defended the i-ourse taken by Mr. Bright and the Chancellor of ;he Exchequer had to eome to the rescue of his colleague, and then Mr. Gladstone offered a few remarks in justification of Mr. Bright. The subject ;hen dropped. Sir Wilfred Lawson next introduced ais Local Option motion, declaring that a legal power of restraining the issue or renewal gf licenses should be placed in the hands of the inhabitants. lr. Burt seconded the motion. Mr. Gladstone did not think public opinion had afforded them those means of judgment which they ought to possess be- fore going to the extent of the principle laid iown in the resolution. He could not vote for the resolution, and he should not vote against it, be- cause the existing state of things was not satisfactory, ind he hoped that the Government would take some measures on the basis of the report of the House of Lords on Intemperance in order to effect a pratical amendment to the effect that it would be undesirable and inopportune to change the arrangements now legislatively provided for the regulation of the trade of the licensed victuallers. A long debate followed, Mr. Muntz opposing the motion as too vague and in- definite. Mr. Bright supported Sir Wilfrid's motion, which, on a division, was lost by a large majority. HOUSE OF LORDS.—MONDAT. Lord Stratheden and Campbell stated that, in consequence of the absence, through illness, of the Foreign Secretary, he would postpone the motion he' had placed on the paper with reference to the Eastern question. The Earl of Beaconsfield announced that when the leader of the other House of Parliament had made his financial statement, which he hoped to do almost immediately, and when those arrange- ments befitting the occasion had been completed, her Majesty, with the advice of her Ministers, would dissolve Parliament. The Relief of Distress (Ire- land) Bill was read a third time and passed, Lord Granmore and Browne having previously expressed his surprise at the observations made the other night in reference to certain remarks of the Chief Secre- tary for Ireland. Their Lordships rose at twenty- five minutes to six o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—MONDAY. In the xiouse of Commons, alter two or three notices and one or two questions of minor interest had been disposed of, Sir A. Egerton, in reply to Sir C. Russell, expressed the belief that the question of loading grain cargoes might probably be settled this session. At the suggestion of Mr. Anderson, Mr. Gross promised to communicate with the Lord Advocate with reference to instituting a special enquiry into the recent disastrous boiler explosion at Glasgow. The Chancellor of the Exchequer then rose and announced that, as they had reached a period when the sanction of the House had been given, to the measures adopted by the Government in connec- tion with the relief of the distress in Ireland, and to such further measures as they deemed desirable, and looking to the state of public business and the advantages of a spring election over an autumnal election, Government thought it would be best to advise her Majesty to dissolve the present Parlia- ment at Easter. Parliament would be able to meet again by the beginning of May, and the House would probably get into working order during tliL- first week of that month; it would then have three clear months for the transaction of such business as might be submitted to it. Tt was proposed to intro- duce the Budget in the usual way, on Thursday. The measure for the disposal of the vacant seats could not be expected to be got through beforo Easter, but he thought the Parliamentary Elections Bill and the Conveyance of Voters in Boroughs Bill might be got through. Without the assistance of the House, it would, of course, be impossible to dis- use of the business so as to enable the dissolution to take place at the time proposed. After a few words from Mr. W. E. Forster, in the absence of Lord Hart- ington, and an explanation of Sir Stafford Northcote that he proposed to take votes on account for three months, and to adjourn on the 23rd inst., there was a general rush of members to the telegraph offices co communicate the unexpected announcement to their friends and constituents. Mr. W. H. Smith subsequently made the annual statement with rqfer- snee to the Navy Estimates. HOUSE OF LORDS.—TUESDAY. Lord Bury explained that the proposed VoTunteel Review at Brighton would not be held on Eastei Monday in consequence of the general election; but if there was a desire to hold the review at Whitsun- tide the authorities would be prepared to grant the same facilities as they contemplated giving at Easter. The Settled Land Bill and the Conveyancing and Law of Property Bill passed through Committee, and were ordered to be printed, with the Govern- ment amendments, that they might be before the public prior to the meeting of the new Parliament. Lord Houghton directed attention to the exclusion of reporters from Cheetham Prison on the occasion of the recent execution of William Cassidy, and moved that it was advisable that other than official persons should be present at intra- mural executions. Lord Sidmouth expressed regret that such a motion should have ema-! nated from Lord Houghton and expressed an opinion that it would be wise to pass an Act ex- eluding reporters altogether from executions. Earl: Fortescue thought that in the special case- under notice the High Sheriff had exercised a wise discre- tion but regretted that the coroner's jury were not allowed to be present at the execution. Lord Beau- champ would rather trust to the discretion of high sheriffs as to the terms on which reporters should be admitted to executions than that the most foolish of reporters should have uncontrolled power to supply whatever he thought best suited to the pecuniary i interests of his employer. After some remarks from Lord Aberdare, Lord Cranbrook contended that the presence of the officials at executions secured all the requisite publicity. Eventually the motion was negatived without a division, and their Lordships adjourned at twenty minutes to six o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—TUESDAY* In reply to Mr. Chamberlain, Sir S. Northcote said he thought it probable that the prorogation woulil take place on the 23rd. and the writs would be issued on the 24th inst. til reply to an appeal by Mr. Sclater-Booth, Dr. Cameron withdrew his Vac- cination Bill. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in answer to Mr. Fawcett, said he thought it would be most convenient to deal with the subject of the cost of the Afghan war on Friday morning. Sir. J. McKenna, pursuant to notice, called attention to the unequal incidence of Imperial taxation, especially as regarded Ireland, which, he contended, was over- weighted, and moved for a select committee to enquire into and report whether there was, as alleged, any and what disparity in the incidence of Imperial taxation as it affects the several countries of which the United Kingdom is composed; and whether the circumstances call for any and what changes in the fiscal legislation of England, Scotland, and Ireland respectively. The motion was seconded by Mr. O'Connor Power; and after a brief discussion was, on a division, negatived by 56 votes against 38. Mr. Raikes then brought under the notice of the House the recommendations of the Royal Commissioners on Railway Accidents respect- ing compensation to railway servants injured in the performance 01 their duty, and moved a resolution declaring that a change in the law was required by I which, notwithstanding the legal doctrine of com- mon employment, adequate compensation should be secured to railway servants in all cases of injury to which they had not personally contributed. Sir E. Wat kin moved an amendment which was under discussion when two attempts were made to effect Ii a "count-out." The first failed, but the second succeeded, and the House adiourned at a quarter- past ten. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—W^ED*ess>ay. A resolution was parsed enabling private bills not ) Completed this session to be taken up in the next J- arliament at the stage they had reached at the date of the dissolution. Dr. Cameron's Vaccination Bill having been withdrawn, Mr. Anderson moved the seconc' reading of the Patents Bill, The Attorney- Genera.1 appealed to the honourable member to with- draw the measure and leave the subject in the hands of the Go vernment, and if they remained in power in the nex.t Parliament he would try and induce them to reintroduce the bill which had already been before the Xiouse. A!fter some discussion Mr. Anderson said lie would not divide the House on the second reading, and the oi-dfr was discharged. Mr. Plunketwithdrcw thcIrish Church Act (18G9) Amend- ment Bill, and the House went into Committee of Supply, when Sir H. S. Inbcton proposed a vste of credit of XI,22,5,000 to (-over the expenses ot the South African war. Mr Conrtney thought that I details as to the expenditure beyond those accompanying the estimate were needed, and a motion to report progress in order that Government might have an opportunity of classifying the different heads of expenditure was assented to. In committee of Ways and Means a- sum of £ 8,372,000 was voted for the service of the year; and after several bills had been advanced a stage, Mr. Birley brought in a measure to remove doubts as to the liability of machinery to be rated to f the relief of the poor and other local rates, and the Attorney-General introduced a bill to amend and continue the Acts relating to election petitions and the prevention of corrupt practices at Parliamentary elections. He explained that it was proposed to repeal the clause which rendered the conveyance of voters to the poll in boroughs illegal. After a brief discussion on this subject, the House adjourned at twenty minutes to five o'clock. t# HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY. In the House of Lords, on Thursday, the bill to amend the Companies Acts passed through com- mittee. The Ancient Monuments Bill was read a second time, and referred to a select committee. The Beer Dealers' Retail Licenses Bill, the object of which is to enlarge the discretion of magistrates as to the granting or refusing of licenses, was also read a second time. The bill dealing with the Irish local courts of bankruptcy, and that relating to salaries and allow- ances of Indian officials, were read a third time and passed. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—THURSDAY. A series of resolutions were passed enabling promo- ters of private bills to introduce their measures in the next Parliament at the same stage at which they had arrived when the dissolution took place. Mr Stanhope explained that there was no confirmation of the report that the Viceroy of India had presented a battery of guns and a number of rifles to the Governor of Canda- har. Mr Mundella asked for an explanation why the return ordered last year showing the cost of bringing the Indian troops to Malta had not been furnished to the house. Colonel Stanley replied that the returns had been referred back to the Indian Govern- ment because they were not complete. Mr Stanhope added that the approximate cost was £ 470,000. Mr Mundella intimated that he would return to the subject. The Chancellor of the Ex- chequer then proceeded to make his Budget state- ment. The right hon. gentleman's exposition showed that there was a surplus of CIS,1,000, and that it would not be necessary to propose any new taxation, Mr Gladstone intimated that he would reserve his remarks until Monday, for which day the debate has been fixed. Mr Amhurst, who has just been returned unopposed for West Norfolk, took his seat, and will have the distinguished honour of being the last member who joined the present Parliament. Col. Stanley moved the second reading of the Army Dis- cipline Bill, and a debate followed on the flogging question.
London Gossip. '-F"r'- There is to be another pilgrimage to Lourdes this year. Lord Archibald Douglas, whose miracles ir the Harrow Road mark him out for the service, has been appointed by Cardinal Manning himself to act for him as the conductor of the tour. The pilgrims, with Cook's tickets in their pockets, are to carry with them a banner to hang in the chapel where the apparition was manifested. Pilgrims can go first class or second, and Lord Archibald promises to make the best terms for good hotel accommodation. The pilgrimage commences in the last week in May. Notwithstanding the opposition started against the re-election of Dr. Lyon Playfair for the Universities of Edinburgh and St. Andrews, the right hon gentleman has, I believe, received the strongest assurance of support. The opposition is attributed to a few hothcated ecclesiastical polemics and politi- cal partizans. Dr. Lyon Playfair has just returned frem a visit to Edinburgh, and his committee has been reinforced by some of the most distinguished members of the medical profession in London, who have given their names quite irrespective of politics. In a letter which has just been received from Air. Aitchison, chief commissioner in Burmah, by a Scotch friend in London, a strong hope is held out that by the middle of this year all difficulty with King Theebau will have been got over, and a British Resident, with adequate military protecting force, established in Mandalay. Mr. Aitchison says the self-indulgent habits of King Theebau have been very much exaggerated, that intellectually he is much superior to the leading pretender to the throne, N young-au, whose attempts to cause a re- bellion among the Karvn tribes against the present sovereignty have for the time at least failed, and that the only possible danger to the re-establishment of British influence will come from China. Emis- saries from Pekin have been making their appear- ance at Mandalay in great numbers since the de- parture of Colonel Horace Browne. it- The efforts of the Russian Government to obtain the extradition from France of the Nihilist. Hart- mann, have been unsuccessful, the highest legal authorities of the Republic being of the opinion that the identity of the accused and his participation in the acts alleged against him were not established. It has, however, been determined to get rid of so dan- gerous a personage, and Hartmann has been expelled from France, his next resting place being this country. It is said that a Russian advocate who was Bent to Paris in connection with this case was waited upon by the representatives of the Russian Revolu- tionary Committee and threatened with death if he persisted in carrying out the object of his journey. The Czarewitch is also reported to have received a threatening letter. A large number of arrests have been made in the Russian capital, including some officials of the Ministry of the Interior. The question is being pretty frequently asked in Wesleyan Methodist circles who is to be President of the Conference which is to meet at City Road Chapel, London, in July. From all I can hear, the Rev. Ebenezer E. Jenkins, M.A., one of the general secretaries of the Wesleyan Missionary Society, is most likely to be elected to that important post, although probably two or three other leading min- isters may receive a nomination. Mr. Jenkins is brother to Mr. D. J. Jenkins, M.P. for Falmouth, and uncle to Mr. E. Jenkins, M.P. His appoint- ment as a Wesleyan minister dates from 1845, when he was appointed to mission work in India. Since his return home in 1863 he has taken a place in the front rank of eloquent and effective platform speakers and in the general affairs of the Wesleyan Methodist Connexion. His election to the Chair of the Conference is certainjto give general satisfaction, as he is undoubtedly one of the ablest of living Wesleyan ministers. VFR The Berlin correspondent of a London contem- porary states that at last there is a prospect of the Prussian ecclesiastical feud being appeased. After long and unproductive negotiations, the Pope re- maining inexorable, the Berlin Government has strained a point, and proposed a plan for the pacific settlement of the controversy. A Bill will be intro- duced next Session modifying a single clause of the Ecclesiastical Laws. If the Pope, as he has pro- mised to do, recognises this concession by stopping all resistance to the remainder of the unsatisfactory enactments, other undesirable clauses will be gradually withdrawn. To what length the concilia- tory disposition of the Government will be carried remains to be seen; but as the May legislation un- doubtedly contains a number of minor items inadmissible from the Church point of view, and superfluous for the protection of State interests, there is a margin given for making concessions without sacrificing the legitimate prerogatives of the Crown. As a firstfruit of these arrangements Cardinal Ledochowski, the Bishop of Posen, has diin tud the working clergy of his province to conform to that portion of the ecclesiastical laws affecting their daily action in the parish. The barest sketch of the arrangements already made for the approaching season at the Royal Italian Opera has just been issued to subscribers. In this preliminary it is set forth that two or three new operus will be produced and that "more than one favourite work not heard for some years by the fre- quenters of the Royal Italian Opera will be revived during the season." All this is very vague. It is gratifying on the other hand, to meet with the posi- tive assurance that both Madame Adelina Patti and Madame Albani have been re-engaged. Madame Sshalchi will, as of late years, be the principal con- tralto but a new contralto, of whom great things are expected, Mdlle. Peppino Malvezzi, is also an- nounced. The chief tenors will be Signors Nicolini, Marini, Corsi, and Gayarre. Among the leading baritones, that long-established favourite Signer Graziani and the new comer who made so great a success last season, M. Lassalle, may be mentioned. MM. Gailhard, Silvestre, and Vidal. will be the principal serious basses, and Signor Ciampi the chief comic one. The first representation is fixed for the 13th of April. < The announcement of the dissolution on Monday evening was a startling coup de theatre, such as has rarely been witnessed. There never was a secret better kept, for when the Chancellor of the Exchequer rose, just before the orders of the day were called, not a soul off the Treasury bench had the faintest idea what his object was. It had been noticed that he had been fidgetting on his seat for some minutes, and had tried to catch the Speaker's eye several times ineffectually. After the questions were over; when he did get on his legs he began so quietly and such a long way off the point that it was only by degrees that it dawned on the House what an im- portant revelation he was abott to make. The right hon. gentleman's elaborate argument to prove that spring is the most convenient season for a general election gradually prepared the minds of his hearers for the announcement that the Government had decided to advise her Majesty to dissolve at Easter. There was only a slight cheer, which came pretty equally from both sides; but as soon as the fact was realised you could see members stealing out into the lobby to get first turn at the telegraph office to advise their constituencies of the fact. The bursting of one of the 100-ton guns on board th Duilio, coming shortly after the bursting of the 38-ton gun on board the Thunderer, would appar- ently indicate that the heavy ordnance which have lutteriy grown into favour, are quite as dangerous to the people who have to look after them as they will be likely to prove destructive to aa-enemy. A com- mittee who have investigated the cause of the Duilio explosion. have published a provisional opinion that there is nothing in what has happened that need throw discredit upon this class of gun generally. They may possibly be able to give a satisfactory account of how the disablement of the gun wa3 brought aboat, but it is clear that if the mishap had taken place in actual warfare the consequences would- have been disastrous to-the Duilio, whatever explana- tion might be forthcoming as to the cause. Com- mittees of investigation into the bursting of heavy ordnance would not be of much service in time of war, and we cannot resist the conclusion that it would be better if the guns would give over bursting, than that, when they have burst, some considerate- experts should be willing to come forward and express the conviction that the whole class of heavy ordnance are not similarly disposed to resolve themselves to atoms.
WHAT THE WORLD SAYS. Lord and Lady Clarendon are on a visit to Lord and Lady Waterford all Curraghmore, where they will remain till the end of the hunting season. I am informed by the indefatigable secretary of' the Irrationals," Captain Cecil John-ion, that most of the seats are secured for their performance at the St. George's Theatre on Saturday evening next. Aa the proceeds of the entertainment are to be given to the Irish Distress Fund, it is to be hoped that there will be a bumping house. The characters will be supported by Mrs. Monckton, Mrs, Lennox Brown, Miss Lucy Williams, Sir Charles Young, Colonel Rideout, Major Hughes-Hallet, Captain Johnson, and others. Canon Ryle, rector of Stradbroke, in Suffolk, whom the Queen has appointed to the deanery of Salisbury, is an apostle of the Evangelical school of doctrine, by whom he has long been considered a burning and shining light. But he is, besides, an excellent parish-priest and an enlightened scholar; the appointment on the whole gives satisfaction, though some of the staunch supporters of the Govern- ment are inclined to think it would have been wiser to have given it to a man without any professed sectarian opinions. The mania of wearing a ribbon in the buttonhole seems to extend to women on the Continent, and they now go in for those decorative honours. Madame Krauss, prima donna of the Paris Opera, has just been made an Officier de l' Academie j" and Sophie Cruvelli, married to Viscount Vigier, is proposed for no less a distinction than the Legion of Honour, in acknowledgment of the big sums which, through feer charity concerts at Nice, she has conferred upon, the poor of that town. I am assured by Mr. Kendal that there is no truth in the report of his proximate retirement from the co-management of the St. James's Theatre. The Premier was never better than at the present moment. Health and spirits both excellent, and he is so good a walker that he tires out his lady-frienda who venture to attempt pedestrian exercise with him.
SIGXAL service—handkerchief flirtation. WON' the combing man be a barber ? A SCAXDAX-MOXGEit is a person to add-mire. BACK-YARDS.—The trains of ladies' dresses. 'Tis the wealthy chaps that girla purse up their lips to. AT a spelling-match one man spelled pasnip," and got beet. WHAT is marriage? One woman the more ;mù one man the less. "I AM not an author, said an accountant, "but I am the righter of books." "My vocation," said a justice of the peace, "is truly one of the fine arts." Av Iowa woman has invented a spankaphone. She likes itlout the boys don't. THE household that keeps a baby can afford to sell its alarm clock very cheap. IT is only the female sex that can rip, dam, and tear without being considered profane. THE boy who was kept out of school for ortho- graphy said he was spell-bound. A DOG frequently worries a cat, but man, who is nobler than the dog, worries himself. A YOUNG lady is not like a tree. You cannot estimate her age by counting her rings. GUEAT domestic contest after the honeymoon.— • W, hich shall be the speaker of the new house. A FISHERMAN is a very irresolute and unreliable person. He won't even sit down on his own hook. A yorXG lady calls her fellow Honeysuckle," because he's always hanging over the front fence. WHEN women become dentists to their own sex there will be considerable wailing and gnashmg of teeth. popularity of the Ulster is probably owing to the fact that you can wear it longer than any other garment. CUT, and come again," as the girl said to her lover when she heard the old man stumbling about in the dark. THE actor who "carried off the honours of the evening" should bring them back in season for the next performance. Or course short dresses will be the fashion, else what would be the use of sandal boots with pale brocade set underneath ? A COLT is usually badly beaten before he is well broken. With an egg it is different. It has to be broken before it is beaten. "A HAIR on the head is worth a dozen in the hash!" says an exchange. But, then, it doesn't attract near so much attention. THERE is a young man in town called "Poster," not on account of the information he furnishes, but because he is so "stuck-up." IF the young man who insists on stealing kisses dan't abandon the practice, he will soon find him- self behind the bars of wedlock. IT is difficult to understand why a wife never asks her husband "if the doors are all locked" until after he is snugly covered up in bed. An old bachelor who mends his own stockings -says he only wishes he could darn them mechani- cally as easily as he docs verbally while he is at the work. No invention has yet been made for picking a goose or shearing a sheep, but the arrangements for plucking and fleecing poor men are tolerably com- plete. A YOUNG gentleman was accusing another of hav- ing a big mouth. "Yes," said the other "but nature had to make yours small so as to giv you plenty of cheek." THE two important events in the life of man are when he examines his upper lip and sees the Chair coming and when he examines the top of his 'head and sees the hair going. "Do not marry a widower," said ￼ man "A rdy-made family is like a ￼ cold pota' toes." Oh, I'll soon ^-arm them all o°?? ?PP? ??. the damsel; and she did. replied IT is against the law to carrv ENNR^AI^ arm8' yet t1 }" (.. I ms, ye lC Eru- uo/t¡¡œ says It k nothinO' unco tl'O says it is nothing ?ncomruon. on moonlight eveningKs to ^se, v V ? with ?- concealed anus ro th(;il' waists.. "J.. 1'. ￼ said a lady; she beloim-s to tvi *° '"V said a lady' she bel?.7 ? ? ?uicrSon" Wl? you mean r" exclaimed her SoT" « We? ? £ always fruiting scandal ??what I meS"