L i'L'E RATTJH to. I _u, -r-o, -n. JOHN AND JANE OF LLANGULLE VALE. A BALLAD. One winter's morn I»ef.>TO the ctawn, In and dr dry weather; To market went together They would net start with lnrse and cut., Thtiv wanted something new P" John took JfJ.J¡,. to. oner by train, T" tr how that w mid d<». Jan e's years were few, hut twenty-two, Whils John's Trerr fifty- four Clean an 1 dressed up m his younger by a score. While by side, by unin they ride, From fam'A Llangollen ale He pledg'd his love, by ab She vow'd n' should tail." (They laugh and smiis then chat 1I.Nhih,. Of poultry, eow<», and slitrp, Of Dick nnd Dan, of K ile and N' n, And baby left asleep.; Fair Oswestry, at length they see, Surpris' d they came do «»n, For when the thoy drove up there, They did not leach 'till noon. Both fowl and geese, eggs pence a-piece. And batter, June must sell; John first went down, then Ill) the town, But why, he could not teH. The day wet, his friend he met, With each must have « glass. Of Iukcrman, and Fort Redan, Tliuv sung—an<l sweet th' hours pass. While fresh with ale; R haunch of veal lie bought—fed at the Bell; The butcher swears, and oft declares, Veal must be basted well." Twice and again, John sought for Jene, Jane, oft had sought for John But when they met, both ringing "11:" The train fur six had gone. (John wet within, with ale and gin; But Jane ia vet with rain, She called him eot," and said .he'd not With such a man remain." She meurn'd, wet through, what shall I do, Two hours more to wait, The boy will cry to fits and die, With sleepy Naa and Kate." Slow time &t last c&me creeping past, And both got in the train, look'd, awry, John well knew why, And yet, he would complain. When he reprov'd, she sat unmov'U, Then neither of them spoke, Like man and wife, in silent aUi f«S Each bore the bitter yoke. Rock'd on the rail, John Held the veal, And gently fell asleep, Young Jinney's charms, nor lovei alarma, Could wakeful vigile keep. In silent grief, Jane sought relief, And aigh'd, for joy had fled, An old man's wife, plagu'd off her life, She wish'd, that she were dead. They soon atopt by the station nigh Jane got her parcels out; But as the train mov' d on again, Cried, what is John about i" (The truest heart is doom'd to tmart: Poor Jam waa left alone, The darkest night—heaven gave no light— And she two miles from home.) John slept thuI far and dream't ofwlr, And mow'd the Russians down, CI Sebastopol," he said, shall fall, Come boys, we'll storm the town." The train mov'd on with sleeping John, He heard the battle roar, He thought of Jane, and wept with paia, And the battle o'u. The engine Bee," new o'er the DM; Cefn, Cefn," the porter bawls Ruabon past, she flies as fast, Then Wrexham," Broster calls. A Wrexham man stept in the ran, And eat down by his side, Who saw him weep, while fast asleep, To wake him twice he tried. Come friend awake, make no mistake Here's Gresford station nidi," John rais'd hia head, and grutHy said, What's that to you ?— you lie." ) The whistle sounds, the vale resounds, I The steam rose strong and high. I Puff, puff, again; off went tha train, And Roosott" was the cry. J"] n heard the word, but how absurd Russians," he said, are seen," Death or glory is before me— I'll die for England's Queen I" The cannon's roar, on 6aa and there, The Malakoff gives way, John shouts, advance, England and France, And win a glorious day. I (Courageous John, a bold yeoma*, I How bravely he could fight; He would not fail, if gin and ale. Could put his foes to llight.) John's dreaming day soon away, The train by SaltflcT j Your tickets, please," tha porter eays, 1 Then came the guard, Jarnes John's arm he shook, the tickets touk, His belt shone bright and clear, Job* ope'd his eyes—with great surprise— Shouts Spare mc, granadier;" Wood said, he's blind, your ticket find, For I must see the aauie"— John fumbl'd fast, and found at latt, When out his ticket came. Wood said aloud, Llangollen Road," There's three-and-nine te pay, And if you fail, must go to jail, Come, come, make no delay." The fare John paid, 'twas all he had- Wood took every fraction, John witness called, and loudly 01 wId, I'll enter on an action." A 41 friend" stood by, who said" 0 fie, To lawyers for the law, Thee'll have to pay thy cash away, For every line they draw." John pale and sad, grew wild and mad, lie swore he'd smash the train Took up his load—asking the road, Trudg'd back to hia dear Jane. Wrexham. J. n., PABSEIl,n.a. SLAVE TRAFFIC.—The commerco is significant: Angila and Jalo have only dates to send in exchange for corn and the fow manufactured articles which the lllde life of these people requires. At uncer- tain and long intervals, however, when the great caravan from Wady arrives, life is given to the commerce of Benghazi. Then the old picture of Cyrenian commerce is for a short time is renewed. The deaert, for weeks, is ulive with long files of camels, v-hioh arrive ladou with ivory and gum; Cui with them, alas as in old times, hundreds ei unhappy creatures—the spoil of war—condemned to slavery, who come halting in at the end of this first hundred days' stage or tneir misery, iiow many happier than their fellows, have been exhausted on the dreary road! Twenty-one degrees thoy tra verse, on foot, exposed to the rays af a tropical sun, when.for twelve days at a time no water is found without clothing, and having a handful or meal lor their daily food. Fatigue and thirst in rain lessen the numbers of the melancholy earavan Aud to think that t single wore from England could arrest these horrors!— Wanderings in North America ly J. Hamilton. CitosiwuxL's MELANCHOLY — A gloom-thu usual precursor of all great mental changes—over, shadowed him a do p, black melancholy—like that which drove Luther to wander night and day through tho cloisters of Erfurth, crying, My sin, my ein W esley to dream ef hell at Oxford and J'uscal to see graves opening at his l'uet—pressed down upon his brain. This melancholy is now as well known a symptom of religious enthusiasm as a red cheek is of a fever, or a pale one uf dropsy. Cromwell's mind was alternately torn with doubts, lacerated with fears, and paralysed by despair. He was drifted in the whirlwinds, and smitten with momentary lightnings Now hell seemed boiling at his feet, and now heaven was ready to rain fire upon his head; and over all, and through all, and above all, was night—tangible, solid with its grave- like darkness. Sir Phillip Warwick illtyg a Hun- tingdon physician told hiiii thtt, attliistiytio, Crom- well would frequently eend for him even at mid- night, believing that jJ8 was dying and when he wolked abroad, he would tremble to puss nsar the town-cioss, or the church tower, Je^t they snould fall upon him. In the same crisis, Fox, the quaker tasted, and hid himself ;n hollow trees, till hIS ieaid God audibly apeak, and BunyaM was shaken by terrible draams, and voices, from the darkest abysses of hell. It is such spiritual con- tlict. as these, that fill our mad-houses yearly WItt raligioue enthusiasts. It hears no mure reeeiubliaice to healthy religion, than a madman's strengt does to one in the normal state, but it i, a stage through which religious thinkers frequently pass, i The moment of deliverance comes, the climax, that j ■_ r j ftla felt it, when he saw the Trinity upon tfie steps of the Church at Rome. St. Therese, when the angel pierced her heart with a golden arrow. Fox ] awoke from his trances to do good in his own crazed j way. Bunyan. purified and chastencd, to guide men to the bright city whither he had himself been the weak mind sinks at such times into insanity, but the strong awake from their sleep, like Sam- son, to snap the green witha that bind them.-Art Imd Nalure, by lpvt. Thornbury. OLD ENGLISH MANSIONS. —Oh, privilego of h:rth to think that a man cin buy ready-made ) I venues, old mansions, ten-stalled siables, excellent pinery, ghost, See., included, and yet cannot pur- chase a set of family traditions; cannot look at unchanged land thut his fathers lookod at, pictures they loved, rooms they hallowed. The self-risen man has other iiol)cs, and looks forward, like a con- I queror and a discoverer but he has no tradition- ary greatness to incite, to warn, and soothe and strengthen him. Ho is a first man, and has to name his creatures and map out his world It may be better to he the first than th<3 last, but the ideal of family feeling he cannot know. That rich heirloom he Icav 3 for his children. If ever there was a luelmg which incited to true patrietism, which bus been the basis of many nations' great- ness, which is holy, admirable, and excellent, it is that regard for anjestiy. which Rome and Venice once knew, and England still boasts. The love of soil is not. acnuired in lodgings, or picked up by 0 t teurists; it is too sacred a thing to be felt by shal- low-hearted prodigals, dandies, and fools. Intel- lectual selfishness strives to found a name. and not a family; it despises sympathy, and enrra not for a posterity to whose praises a dead man's ear will be deaf. But despise not, 0 Radical, the man who loves a birth-spot, where he emerged from I' eternity, where he saw his mother die, where he was first glorified by even a dearer love than that of a mother's—where he first heard a child call him father—w here he heped, sighed, prayed, wept, and taught—where he ran and walked, thought and wrote, married, and was buried. Angels are cos- mopolites hut how can man ba ? Philosophers, who love nobody but the whole human race-as an Irishman would ray-may be citizens of the world -sufEcient for me to love my own paternal hills, my river, my meadows, the one roadway that leads up to the one house where I sat and thought, and I 1 loved for a time, and waited to be told the secret of eternity.—Ibid. A SCENE IN THE ?CRtMEA.—Our road lay, through the Sardinian encampment. Our alHes are celebrated cut here for the organization of ) their army. It is acknowledged to be perfect in every respect, and even in the buiiding of their I huts we had evidence of it. The wooden huts are admirably made, with a little pretension to orna- ment, but in order to make them watertight, the- spare no expense in pitching the openings and crevices, and I regret to say, that in this particular our huts will not bear comparison with them for one Bees so very little pitch or tar upon the latter, that you might fancy such a preservative had never been heard of in England. Regularity in the size and position of the huts is another great feature, and when observed from an eminence, the model little camp is much to be admired. The village of Kamara is near-its Greek church, stands on a hill. It was only in the spring of last year that we got possession of this village. When Lip- randi's army retired, they destroyed everything ) but the church, and in that was found a large quantity of copper coins (copecks), left there as offerings by the peasants, for the speedy exterm- ination of the barbarians." Passing through a little opening in the mountain, looking down a deep and rugged ravin, and a great distance through its vista catching a view of the Tchernaya River and the snow-topped peaks of Baidar, upon a ledge of rocks immediately under our feet are observed some white tents. Picture the romantic chivalry of the scene, when they sun beams bright- ly out, and glitters upon the bayonets, waving plumes, tartans, and kilts of 1,500 of the High- land Brigade, drawn up for inspection. As we descend towards them, the bagpipes strike up and resound through mountain and glen, and one be- comes positively inspired with a touch of military ardour when he sees so much'romance in war. How happy must the genuine Caledonian soldier have felt, encamped there in the midst of his own nat- ive scenery I The lats IFar. LIFE IS HEAL—LIFE IS EARNEST."—Live for some purpose in the world. Fill up the measure of duty to others. Conduct yourself so that you will be missed with sorrow when you are gone. Mul- titudes of our species are living in such a selfish manner that they are not likely to be remembered after their disappearance. They leave behind them scarcely any traces of their existence, but I are forgotten as though they never had been. They are, while they live, like one pebble unobserved among a miliion on the shore, and when they die they are like that same pebble thrown into the sea, which just ruffles the surface, sinks, and is forgotten without being missed from the beach. They are neither regretted by the rich, wanted by the poor, nor celebrated by the learned. Who has been better for their life ? Whose tears have been dried up? Whose miseries, have they healed r Whose wants supplied? Who would un- bar the gate of life to re-admit them to existence, or what face would greet them back to our world with a smile ? Wretched, unproductive existence Selfishness is its own curse it is a starving vice. The man who does no good gets none. He is I like the heath in the desert, neither yielding fruit, nor seeing when good cometh stunted, dwarfish, miserable.—New Eng. Farmer. miserable.—A?M? ?.?7. 7'MrHi?-.
FO&iilGN HEWS. ¡ FORBIGN :NEWS. ¡ SPAIN. I The Quean of Spain is about to send an army from Havanuah to St. Domingo, for [the pur- Ii pose of operating against the republican move- inente-for the freedom of the Dominicans from I the rule of the Ilaytian black government. Five thousand muskets are ready to be sent to I the Spanish consul at St. Doming-o. I The Duke of Ossuna is appointed Spanisk minister in Russia. The Correspondence Gener- i alp, says that notice has been taken at Madrid 1 of the attacks of certain organs of the French I press against the present Spanish ministry, and that orders hare been sent to General Ser- rano to ask for explanations on the subject from the French government. The Diario pre- tends that, on the demand of GenerallSrrano, a prosecution will be instituted against a Paris journal, for having reproduced the attacks of II M. Escosura on the Queen. i AMERICA. I rtn • n. I ¡ Tile lVttJgarll, from Boston, arrived with ittl-i vices from New York to the 21st, and Boston to the 22nd inst. She brings 75 passengers, and 255,274 dollars in specieThp Nei* York Herald says that the result of the elections held thus far in the several states shows a gain of 42 members in the ten states for the democratic party. The prospect is that the democrats will secure a working majority over all others. The Philadelphia papers complain of the most eys- tematic forgery and fraud at the pollings booth I bands of rufifans unknown to any body coming I forward and swearing that it was their names j which were on the ilists. The accounts from I' Indiana are contradictory. One despatsh gives the democrats 5,000 in majority in 73 of the 91 counties, while reports from India- nopolis say that the republican nominee for overnor is elected. Five of the 11 members f f congress are conceded to the republicans. on Ohio 13 republican and five democratic congress-men, have been certainly elected. ¡ The three remaining districts have without I doubt chosen republicans. From Kansas we learn that a company of 240 free-state emi- I grants have been arrested on their way into the territory by Col. Cooke, at the head of 400 dragoons. No explanation is given of the reasons which induced this wholesale outrage, but it is enough t'j imagine them. It is stated that not a single pro-slavery man has yet been arrested by order of Governor Geary. The same despatch informs us that a special court for the trial of the free-state prisoners conven- ed on the 17th init, Carpentier, the French railway defaulter, had been apprehended, and a large amount of the stolen cash had been re- covered in a box in his possession. In the late election (for governor) the Fillmore and Fremont parties united. We now learn that the union is to be carried on to the presiden- tial election. A great Fremont demoiistration took place on the JGth ultimo at Poughkeepsie, j at which, it is said, 15,000 persons were present. The procession was headed by about 1,000 horsemen, consisting mostly of farmers from the neighbouring counties. The fclon. Charles Sumner had been invited to attend, but was still under medical interdict. i NICARAGUA. Later advices from Nicaragua, brought by the steamship Texas, state that General Walker had ordered the evacuation of Massaigo, and j concentrated all his disposable force at the t capital, before which the allied armies pitched I their camp on the 2nd ult. Several skirmishes bad taken place, and an eventful battle was hourly expected. The Texas brought 856,563 dollars'in specie. ENGLAND AND PERSIA. An ttfti?jiaturiiifrom England has been for- warded to the Shah of Persia. The Indian squadron was to sail in the beginning of Octo- ber. The capture of Bushire was considered inevitable. Notwithstanding the efforts of England, the Persian army was actively pressing the siege of ITerat.^ It was fortifying the en- virons, of which it had obtained possession after having defeated the AfFghans, 6.000 of whom I had surrendered. A Constantinople letter savs "The news from Persia is serious, and this is a I ground on which England will probably en- counter Russian diplomacy. It is now certain that England has sent an ultimatum to Persia, but the Shah does not seem much disposed to yield. The Persian government was all along ¡ aware of the preparations of the English in In- dia for the expedition to the Persian Gulf. All this, however, did not produce great sensation at Teheran. "It was not believed that they would advance into the interior of the provinces or would go beyond Bender-Bouchir, which was formerly a very flourishing city, but now in ruins. Though the/English expedition is only composed of about 15,000 men, it is doubtful j whether, if it passes the Bakhtir monntains and advances into the provinces of Shiraz, the Shah's army can offer any serious resistance. Bnt <, Russia, who so often interfered in the Ilffairs of Persia, would probably oppose the march of the English army. The latest advices weae to the effect that Herat was on the point of falling into the hands of the Persians. M. Buhler, a French officer, who directs the siege works, does not doubt of success. All the strong positions which surround the town, from Pouciienua-Oenhoy and Isfigar to Ziarelyn, were occupied by the Persians." THE BOLGRAD DIFFICULTY. "Authentic news from the Bessaralnan fron- tier is given in the Ti-i;tes from its Vienna cor- respondent, who writes: "Towards the end of the month of September the commissaries of Russia/Tnrkey, Austria, France, and England held a sitting at a place called Komrat, and, as usual, the representatives of the first men- tioned power asserted that 'the Bolgrad meant by Count Orloff and Baron Brunnow was that which is close to the Lake of Yalpuck. Messrs. do Verravon and de Stackelberg the two com- missiaries for Russia, endeavoured to can off the attention of their colleagues from the most important question (that concerning Bolgrad). j by talking at great length about some mistake made bv the allies respecting the two rivers Yalpuck and Yalpoujek. The representatives of the allied powers, however, were not misled, for they at once declared that their governments I would not quarrel with Russia about the ter- ritory lying between the Yalpuck and the Yal- poujek, but would positively insist on the new I Bolgrad, the chief place of the Bulgarian colon- ies in Bessarabia, being ceded to Moldavia. In order that the foregoing may be intelligible to your readers, it must be stated that only one Bolgrad (Tabak) was marked on the map used by the :Paris conference. The Bolgrad in question lies to the north of the Lake ofYal- puck, and touches on the Valley of Trajan, but the Bolgrad claimed by the Russians is a new town, close to the Lake of Yalpuck, and about five kilometres to the south of the Valley of Trajan. The allies, including France, insist, that the frontier shall run to the south of the ancient Bolgrad (Tabak) but the Russians re- fuse to cede New Bolgrad, and propose to form the new frontier by means of a dam or dike, which they will construct at their own expense, between the villages of Chickme Var- onita and Tmpontzita. Such was the exact state of affairs a month since, and there is no reason to suppose that the French government has since (liscovered,tbat the southern Bolgrad, the chief town of the Bulgarian colonies, is a place of little importance. From day to day it becomes more evident that Russia is inclined to I shirk her engagements, and England and Austria will therefore do well to maintain their positions in the Black Sea and Danubian Principalities until !the Bessarabian frontier question is definitively settled." The same cor- respondents adds that the French demand for i ithe Austrian evacuation of the Principalities originated with M. de Morny, now at St. j Petersburg." Turkey. j The Patrie contains the highly im-portant paragraph:—"We have received important news from Constantinople. It is already known that, after having offered its^resignation, the Ottoman cabinet remained in power at the special request of the Sultan. We now learn that it has been definitively overthrown, and that it is replaced by a ministry of which Res- chid Pasha is the head. Thus are explained the contradictions which will have been remark- ed for some days past between the French and Austrian journals. A struggle of influences has been going on at Constantinople on the question of evacuation. It is not surprising that these differences should have given rise to contradictory assertions. The result of the whole is, that a policy favourable to the con- tinuance of the occupation appears to triumph for the moment." It follows, I hope, from the j above news, says the Daily -ve7,vs correspond- ent, that Omer Pasha is the Turkish minitcr I at war. He will see the Hatti-Haymouin pro- perly carried out, if he meet with fair support I from the government. Bussia. 1 Itussia. It is stated from St. Petersburg that the re- port of the Emperor's intention to; make a foreign tour is not true. The Independence Bet,ye gives a rumour to the effect that Ilussift j! ietends, if the British fleet does not ^.Oftve the Black Sea Immediately, to send two vessels to the mouth of the Bosphorus ;;ridl ike imtruc- I tions to demand a p?ap? (?) Telegraphic ac- Counts ?'m St. Petersburg stated that the counts roUl .Jt. reterÚmrg state, that the weather iiad become very cold, and that during the past three days h?d been six degrees of frost. According to letters from St. ?eters- burg, written in a spirit hostile to the English aud Austrian pretensions, it is probable that Russia, assuming that the question of Bolgrad is the only one which g ives rise to any serious difficulty, is prepared to make concessions on that point, which will take away from Austria and England any excuse for remaining in their Eositions. In fact, it is represented that they ave as good as promised to withdraw at once, if Bolgrad be ceded to Moldavia. j I INDIA AND CHINA. Two great afflictions have fallen upon India with respect to domestic affilirs-the cholera and floods. Frem the Punjaub to the valley of the G. iges nothing but tales of loss of life and property and universal suffering are heard. The cholera broke out in Agra in May last, and in a few months slew upwards of 16,000 people. Thence it struck the native cities of'Raibootana, Bhurtpore, Kurnaul, Ferozepore, and finally concentrated its strength on the cantonment of Mean Meer. One third of the European ar- tillery perished in a fortnight. Men died two hours after seizure. No certain statistics have yet been published, but a very moderate calcu- lation gives the total loss of life at upwards of 90,000 persons. With respect to the floods, a 1 'I'h 1_' correspondent writes :— T he rains this year have been universally severe. The downpour in Afghanistan was uepreeedented, and in August its effects began to be visible. The I torrent of water which at this season rolls down ¡ the water-system of the Indus gradually in- creased, then overtopped the banks, and then burst on the plains with a force which swept whole towns from the face of the earth. The cantonment of Naoshera, only half built, was carried away. The great cantonment of Dehra Ghazee Khan was totally ruined, the sun-burnt bricks of the building melting in the flood. The bund, or dyke, which defends Leia, burst, and Leia has disappeared. The loss of life has not been in proportion, 4.000 or 5,000 villagers not counting for much in India, but the de- struction of property is incalculable. I A letter from Berne of the 28th ult. states I that the English Minister, in the name of his Government, has communicated to the superior ¡ 1 d., h. executive FederjU authority a proposition for the settlement of the question ot Neuf-
• • — ■ ■ — ■ i ¡ THE EDINBURGR!MEAN BANQUET. I The banquet to the Crimean soldiers in Edin- burgh took place on Friday, in the Corn Exchange there. The event passed off with the most bii illiant success. The hall was most magnificently deco- rated, aid the entertainment was of a most sat is- factory character. The chair was taken by the Lord Provost, supported by the Earl of Elgin, Vig. count Melville, Sir John M'Neile, and the colonels J 'l'} L 4- of the regiments in garrison. T here were about 1,000 military guest*, 400 civilians, b- sides 600 ladies in the galleries. E-ich table was suppHed with G roas's of beet 6 briskets of beef, 6 gigols of mutton, G veal and ehicken pies, 12 plum puddings, 12 pasties, 12 plates of cakes, 12 plates of biscuit, and 12 plates of fruit, making a total supply for the whole com- pany of nearly 300 joints of meat, 100 pies, 1.200 plates of biscuit and iftlzr, and 600 plates of fruit. A pint of sherry and a pint of Bass's pale alo was allowed to each man. The cloth having been withdrawn, and tha health of the Queen," Prince Albert," the "Navy and Army," proposed, =Th9 Lord Provost, after aome introductory J'C- marks, said There is present this evening Colonel Hatnley, the able and accomplished histo- rian of U12 war, the nutl.or of the Campaign of Sebastopol," whose personal dariog WSJS evinced hy his having had his horse shot, under him first at AJ- raa, and again at Inkermann. We have as our yucats the 5th Dragoon Guard. whose deeds of va lour have rendered xialaklava immortal. The prow- ess exhibited by them on that field j; woithy of the brightest periods of the world's history. Lieuten- ant-Colonel Mahon, now at their head, who hears on his brMst the proofs of hia heroism at Sohr?r,n, m?rnfestp? the same prowess at Ahnn, B:t!nk!.?va, and tho Tchernava. Balaklava the Piedan will tell to all time the devotion of our army, and the promptitude with wltieh the 1rn..ps 0f these king- domi art) ever ready to rush t,) certain death in or- der to niai.tain 1. honour of their country. Tlu-y (¡er ') m1.1:'tnn tl(\ !"n:illr O,:1lr C'onn ry. lIH'Y tll11 especially of the devoted heroism of the 34th regiment, whose deeds of daring reflect 111stte on their country and their rosriment. The advanced post occupied !,y them was one of peculiar danger, Rod was nobly defended. Thero arc officers and soldiers now present, who distinguished themselves 5 during the campaign, whose names I wish I could mention, but I forbear. Captain Hall, of the royal navy is here, whose exploits as commander of the j Nemesis, as wall as in the Baltic, givo him a place among the naval heroes of his country. Ec!:ncss aUll Ilango are indissoluhly connected with his va- lour and prowess. lIe an interesting illus- tr?Uion in Ma person of the uni m of deter .ined valour with the ?"mh-r virtue of active brnnvoh?nee. He has a rich reward for his philanthropic exertions in the efforts which lie has so successfully mark, as originator of the Sailors' Home. We fervently trust that the day is far distant when we shall again require to call upon them to make sacrifices such as those which they have recently made. The toast was responded to by Lieut.-Colonel M'Mahon, Lieut.-Colonel KL-Iley, and Lieut.-Co- lonel Hamley. Sir J. M'Neil, in a lengthened speech, poopo?ed the health of Miss Nightingale." Tie specially dwelt upon his recent mission to the Crimea, ex- pressing the hope that we should not fail to profit i by the lessons of the late war, purchased at so lamentable a price. Had lie concealed the errors he had discovered in hili investigation, he would j have betrayed a public trust, and done wrong to his country. Had Government intended that tho; Crimpan investigation should be a sham, they would have found instruments for their purpose. If they had any other than a honest purpose in v iew, they had sent out the wrong man. Re- parts more honest in all essential particulars, more faithful than those made by his colleagues and himself, had never heen presented to any mi- nister. He alluded to the defective state of the hospital system, and to the effect of the bonevo- lent exertions of Iisil Nightingale to reform it, and concluded by passing a glowing enlogium on the private character of that lady. The other toasts were Our Allies," "The Ine- Biory of those who fell in the late war," &c. The company separated about nine o'clock.
COMMISSIONER PHILLIPS ON CAPITAL PUNISH- MENTS.—Mr. Phillips, the bankruptcy commission- er, has just issued a pamphlet of more than 100 pages (Longmans) entitled "Vacation Thought" on Capital Punishmonts." We may have occasion to refer to his views at length. In the meautimej the following passage will show the opinion to which Mr Phillips has arrived :—Five and twent years of no ordinary experience in our criminal courts gives the writer of theso pagP3 some title to have i' 1 f< 1. a voice in this discussion, and after mu^h patient thought, and much very patien ohsen-ation, that voice is decidedly in favour of the abolition of ca- pital punishments in every ease whatever. Where Bo much depends, and must necessarily depend, on the constitutional temperament both of the bench and jury box, operative, often unconsciously, on their respective occupants, it is unwise, and it is as unwise as unsafe, to confine to them an authority whieh, ir exercised in error, is altogether without remedy. Many will think, perhaps, with the great Italian, that man usurps a powr whicn is not his, when he presumes to inflict capital punishment at all. Many there are who will ask with Beccm-ia, what right have nieu to citt the thro.iU of their fell low creatures ? LOGETJTY IN Scon.AXN.—The Registrar-General of Scotland reports that in thequaru-rend^d Septem- ber last, 10 persons died ago in the eight largest towns. Ei<ht of the.o were females and two mal. Two widows in Paisley attained the age ef 96; an unmarried lady in Edinburg'h that of 93; a widow in Aberdeen, that of 92 ° a widow and a female domestic servant in Edinburg^h a flax hand loom weaver in Dundee, and a widowin Paisley, that of 91 and a hle f. male in and a widow in Aberdeen, attained the age 01: 90: THE BLACS. SJH AL-" THE BRITISH FLEKT.—It has been stated, ia various quarters, that the Sublime Pwte ha! addressed to our government a remonstrance against a longer continuance of the Dritiiih fleet in the Black Se:1. We are enabled to state no such representation has been made by Tur- key and we repeat that, until the complete aud faithful exccatiou of the treaty of Paris, the British fleet will not he withdrawn from the Kuxiae. The j 1 01 'fi' t points, at issue, however, apparently insignificant in themgelyos, really involve the whole principle for which wo engaged in the Lite war, and of which we obtained the full reco;:nitieii in the treaty signed at Paris on tho too credulous supposition that it would be honourably fulfilled.—Morning Fost. MONEY REMITTANCES BY Tiara RAM.—Fer the purpose of affording facility to the public for the r.ipid remittance of sums of money, the Electric Telegraph Company have organised a branch of their establishment for that purpose. Money deposited | with the company will he advised-by telegraph or- ders, and be paid to the parties named in the order, in accordance with the conditions printed on tho company's forms. The towns between which these remittances can be made are :-From London to Li verpool, Manchester, or Newcastle-on- Tyne j and to London frem Birmingham, Hristol, Dublin, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, Hull, Leeds, Liver- pool, Manchester, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Plymouth, Portsmouth Sunderland, and York. I PROGRESS OF CIVILISATION IN TIMES OF PEACE. —History—which is the great oracle to consult on all political and social questions—also teaches us that, in the space of a single generation, it is some- times possible for a nation to make more progress toward s a high state of civilisation, under the in- fluence of peace and liberal institutions, than the same nation can effect in a century of war and vic- tories. For instance, we have ourselves effectod more pi egress in any ten years since the battle of Waterloo, than during the whole half century of the reign of George III. As we stand at present, therefore, it appears to fee that we arc not iii an unfavourable position for gradually receiving and feeling such an alteration as I speak of in our na- tional sentiments. There are many phenomena displaying themselves all around us through society that cannot be otherwise interpreted by those whose habits of thought incline them to institute observations, In the first place, we have the broad fact thnt society is gravitating to a more level sur- face. We observe that education—some rudimen- tary learning—a mental cultivation of some sort has bec>me infinitely more general than some here present may remember it to have been. 1 do not mean an education calculated to exercise and dis- cipline the intellect by actual study, so much as the appreciation of tho amusement and recreation to be found in the lighter departments of mental oc- cupation. Literature of some sort—unsubstantial, if you will, but still the work of cultivated and ac- complished minds—is beginning to find a place a- mong the necessaries of life. Like many other en- joyments, once regarded as expensive luxuries, it is now brought, by the mechanical facilities of the age, within the reach of the general public. This growing tabto-tiiis desire which whimpers to a man that he is not all clay—may be a more powerful agency in our elevation in the scale of being. To become so, it is only nccessary that it should be di- rected upwards—that the food on which it is to grow to maturity should be healthy aud unadulter- ated—that the tono of our popular literature should betpure and chaste, and not (as to') much of it now is) tawdry, and sensuous, and sensaal!—JJt. Hum- phrey'« Leeturv, I
| AGRICULTURE. I h REVIEW OF TI-IE PRITISIL CORY TRADE DURING THE PAST WE&K.—From the Mark Lane Express. -The principal portion of the past week being dry and favourable to sowing, this important field- work has been greatly forwarded; but tho bulk of the wheat brought to the several markets has continued to show very little improvement in con- ditio. Tho consequence has been that all hut the finest samples of the new crop have receeded still further in value, from the inability of millers to use them without a liberal mixture of dry foreign. Such a sfato of things suggests the desirableness of farmers directing thf-ir attention to the best means of drying their produce, though at some ex- penste tho great difference of value betwren a dry and damp "ample gi ving a fair prospect of remuner- ation for thE outlay, besides reducing the necessity of foreign imports. The continental markets have generally been dull or declining, especially Belgium, Holland, nnd some parts of France but the go- vernment intervention of the latter country to keep down prices presents tH1 with the appearance of lower rates at one and the same time. Tho penin- sular demand for the eeaport towns has increased, from the difficulty of conveyance from the interior nnd partly from political ferment. But though the harvest in is defective, and Egyptian wheat has heen placed for that country at 51s por quarter, an extensive inquiry all through the season can scarcely he expected. America, now well assured of tho value of her produce, sustains her price, and the export of her fine new crop of wheat has lately been proceeding at a double rate.
SHOCKING MURDER IN SHREWSBURY. This town which for a great many years has been happily free from crimes of an aggravated character, was on Wednesday evening, the 29th nit., the scene of a most atrocious and cold blooded murder. The following are the particulars. About half-past ten o'clock on the night in question a crowd had assem- bled in the Market Square, to listen to the music of Pu itinerant hand. Among these was an unfortunate female n;tnied Usher, better known as Annie Laurie." She wn: darteir.g to the music in the Market Hall, with a man named Frederick Clewett, when a man named John Hollis, who had for a length of time co- habited with Usher, went up to them and called out anzerily to the woman" whnt b-y game do yon call this?" An altercation and a wrangle ensued, during which TJollis attempted to strike the woman with a knife, Ijnt- he was prevented by a mp:n named ITopwood. The girl then struck Hollis tlree times, and a man who was near felled him to the ground. "When he got np he appeared to be quite senseless. The sirl then ran away across the Market Square, near the Plough Ian, where she met a man named Benjamin Bromley, with whom she stopped to con- verse. Presently one or two others joined them, one of whom strongly urged her to go home, but she said she durst not, on account d Hollis. In tho course of a few minutes Hollis joined them, and addressed the girl in language similar to that he had used before. lie attempted to strike htr, but, failing to do so, he kicked her, whereupon she striick him, and ran away. Pritehard, one of the party, went up to Hollis, and, holding up his fist, challenged him to fight, but Brom- ley stepped forward and cried out, No, I have only ono arm, iike him, and I will fight him." He there- upon shook his fist in liollis's face. The latter, ob serving, that "two to unewas not fair," struck Brom- leva blow in the ches' Brontiey reeled and fell into the gutter, while H ollis immediately ran off. After Hollis had given tke blow it was neticed that he had a knife in his hand. Bromley who had utterd no word or ex(-Iatratio-a of any sort, was picked up and died immediately. He was taken to the infirmary, when it was discovered that he had received a deep wound, shout three-quarters of an iuch in length, near the region of the heart' Information was at once conveyed to the police, who, il,,i about half an hour, succeeded iu capturing Hollis in the yard of the Crow Inn, Frankwell. No kuife was found upon him. On Thursday morning the vicinity of the Police 6tati,on and the Guildhall was filled by an immense concourse of persons anxious to see the prisoner, who, it was understood, was to be brought up for examina- tion before the magistrates. Their wishes in this respect were gratified, for, shortly after twelve o'clock the prisoner, John Hollis, was under a strong guard, takeu tu the magistrates' office, in the Guildhall, which was densely crowded. On Monday last, a Coroner's inquest was held at the Salop Infirmary, before Henry Keats, Esq an d a large and respectable jury, when after hearing the evidence, the jury almost immediately after its con- clusion, returned a verdict of "Wilful Murder'' a- gaiust John Williams, otherwise known as John Hollis. The Coroner then issued his warrant for the deten- tion of the prisoner. mm i. II —■
A FATAL D U day's "Galignani" hal: the following. Is it a eanard ?—A letter from Ai- la Chapelle describes a fatal duel which took plao near Manheimion the 28th ultimo, between Mon sieur I)-, a French journalist, and a Prussian officer, named In consequence of some ob- servations of an offensive nature made by B- in speaking of the French government, D-- re- quested him to retract tho language which he had employed. Matters would probably have been ar- ranged in a satisfactory manner, had not D- be- come impatient at the hesitation of the Prussian officer, and permitted himself to call the other a ) coward. A duel was instantly decided on, and, as it was already half-past five in the evening, no time i was to be lost. The antagonists therefore crossed the Maine, and proceeded to Ludwigshnven, a neu- tral territory, situated in Bavaria. The pistol had bfJcn chosen for arms, and the two adversaries plac- ed themselves in position, and fired at a given sig- rUll. Neither were injured, but that circuiiistanco increased the rago of tho principals, who refused to listen to the conciliatory language of their seconds. j The Prussian officer was particularly violent, and asserted that fear alone prevented D-- from pur- suing the duel to death. It was then decided that in order to allow no chance of escape to one of tho antagonists, a single pistol should be charged, anl that the principals should choose the arm with their eyes closed, and then fire at three pales. This was accomplished by tbu pair, who then took their ground. The Prussian fired first, but fortune had botrayed him, as D- remained unhurt. The latter in his turn aimed at his adversary, who pale, and with contracted features, awaited his fate, which was no longer doubtful. The finger pressed on tho trigger, but by a providential chauco the cap alone exploded, the pistol not going off. The seconds of D —— then declared the honour of both parties satisned; but the Prussian oiffcer insisted on blood being spilt, and after a lengthened discua- sion, ho obtained that a duel with swords should take place. Tho seconds insisted, however, that a the first blood drawn tho affair should then termin ate. The principals then placed themselves in po- sition, and after a severe struggle, D-- in parry ing a feint, exposed his body to tho sword of hi adversary, who delivered two thursts in succession the first struck the right arm, but the second pierc- ed the chest of the unfortunate D- who expired a few minutes after. CHARGE AGAINST A CONGLETON A-PToltNET.-A the Court of Queen's Bench, on Monday, the first day of the term, Mr Welsby, on behalf of the justices of Chester, moved for a rule nisi calling ou Mr Thomas Cooper, attorney, of Congleton, to show cause why he should not be struck off the rolls. The defendant, who was an attorney of the court, had, according to I Mr Wtlsby, acted in a manner that induced the plain- tiff to make tho present application. At the last quarter sessions held at Chester, a person was tried for having in his possession a quantity ol silk, wrigh- ing 7!bs, for which he could not give a satisfactory account. At the trial he produced two receipts for the purchase of 3ibs of silk, but that document refer- red to a different quality of material. Mr Cooper, who was solicitor for the prisoner, said that he had another receipt, which he handed to the prisoner's counsel. In the latter there was a hole which oblite- rated the words defining the description of the silk, and when this receipt was handed to the prisoner lie refused to state what purchase it referred. Two po- licemen, who saw Cooper tear the pieces out of the receipt, immediately picked up from under his feet three small pieces which exactly fitted the hole ia the receipt, and the word which was written on them was not the description of silk to which the indictment related. The court at the time ordered Mr Cooper to explain his conduct.-Lord Campbell: On the spot ? Mr Welsby: Yes.—Lord Campbell: And very pro- perly.—The learned counsel then proceeded to state that Cooper merely alleged that he did not intend to use the document, but the justices, considering that explanation insufficient, committed him for contempt of court, but he was subsequently teleased after a few day's confinement, owing to the dangerous state of his wife's health. Lord Campbell said the justices acted with great propriety in bringing the case for- ward, and granted the rule. As soon as the free-soil men were fairly ejected from Kansas, the survey of tho district public land sides, which had previously been stopped, was re- sumed and 200,000 acres are advertised for sale at Fort Leavenworth, on the 17th Nov. The New York Post says that not a free-soil settler will be permitted to piss tho guard at the fort or to bid at the sales. Sir Benjamin Hall has returned to London from Llanover, South Wales. ) 1
t MISCEZ.1 AWEOUS NEWS. THE LATE SIR JOHN JERVIS.—We announce with regret the death of the Right Hon. Sir John Jervis, chief justice of the Court of Common Pleas. The event, which took place on Saturday, although it had been expected for some time, was somewhat sudden in its manner. The late judge was 54 I years of age. For awhile he served in the army, I was subsequently, in 1824, called to the bar at the Middle Temple. He becamo attorney-general in 1846, and was appointed chief justice of the Com- mon Pleas in July, 1850. It A as feared by many that an advocate hy some thought unscrupulous, and, at any rate, distinguished by dexterity rather than profundity, might not have worn the ermine of the bench with becoming gravity and impar- tiality. This fear proved entirely without founda- tion. The common sense which Sir John Jet via possessed in addition to his great professional ex- perience kept him clear of all judicial blunders, and in criminal matters, which form so large a portion I of judicial dutios, an abler judge in all probability never sat on a bench. His sagacity and acutencss hero found a fitting fiold, and his dexterity and sound practical sense stood him in good stejd, whe- I' ther in detecting crime or in exposing the fallacies put forward by counsel. It is expected that, as is customary in such a case, the vacant judgeship, will he offered to Sir Alexander Cockburn, her Ma- jesty's attornev-geucral. CONVICTION OF ROBSON.—Among the chief topics of the day, is the trial of Robson, the Crystal Pal- j ace forger, which took place on Saturday, at the Central Criminal Court, London. Robson, before the trial, pleaded guilty to three cliargts of larceny. Mr. Ballantine, who conducted the case for the prosecution, on the more serious charge said Although the prisoner at the bar had pleaded guilty to three indictments involving him in penal- ties for having committed larceny upon the pro- perty of his employers, he felt it his duty to state to tliern the circumstances of the present charges, with a view of putting them and the court in pos- session of the mode by which the frauds had been committed by the prisoner. In stating to them the history of these transactions, it was necessary I for him to refer to the general conduct of the prison- er who was a person of great intellect, and con- siderable powers of mind, and possessed of an ed- ucation far beyond his rank in life. He entered the service of the Crystal Palace [Company as a clerk, at £1 per week. The prisoner was one of those persons who, from the intelligence he pos- sessed, might, by honest and straightforward con- duct have risen to the highest position in this great commercial country. Unhappily, though possess- ing these abilities and advantages, and entering in- to life, which most people would have grasped at with avidity, ho was not content with that, but soeght to obtain wealth rapidly, and to obtain those ends which could only be obtained (in a person like him by honest industry) by a quick leap. The prisoner now stood before them a felon on his own confession, and had to undergo a trial for one of the gravest charges known to our laws. The prisoner, shortly after he was taken into the ser- vices of the company, was promoted, and his salary increased to £100, and in a few monthsiafter he was promoted higher, :to Mr. Fasson's office-regis- trar at a salary of X-150 per annum. That gentle- man suffering from ill-health; and finding the prisonerjjto be 'a man of intelligence and ability, prisonerto be a man 0 mte 1gence and ability and believing him; also to be a man of integrity and honesty, left a great part of the managmont of his office to him, and in that manner he possessed facilities which ho had applied in a manner to the inj ury of the company and his ownruin. After the hearing of several witnesses, and a speech from Mr. Giffard, who defended the Iprisoner, the judge, Mr. Justice Earle, summed up ,and the jury return- ed a verdict of guilty.i^jHis lordship then preceed- ed to sentence the prisoner. He. said—You stand convicted of felony, and the inquiry on this oc- casionisbows me that you have practisedfcrime for a considerable period of time. You have practised it in a' breach of that trust which was placed in you by your employers. You have practise# it so far as to throw doubt and uncertainty on import- ant mercantile instruments, and you. have obtained large sums;" of money by the course of crime you have pursued. It is my duty to'givo warning by the sentence:I shall pass on you, that the apparent course of prosperity frem crime in reality leads to destrucion. For the forgery of which you stand convicted, I order you to be transported for 20 years, and in respect to the larcenv, of which you have pleaded guilty, I sentence you to be transport- ed for fourteen years, concurrent to the first sen- tence I have mentioned. The prisoner listened at- tentively to the learned judge during the delivery of the sentence.O,His face was slightly suffused. He drew himself up to his full height, momentarily surveyed: tie-* court with a slight scornful smile, and then walked from the dock. THE CONVICT Roi;so,; .-Within half-an-hour of the sentence having been pronounced, this un- appy man stripped off his ordinary habiliments and cl ithed in a convict's dress, becamo the associate of half-a-dozen other transports. The callous indif- ferenco Ito his position which Robson exhibited during his trial was carried out to the last moment. While the jury were deliberating, it was remarked, that instead of looking towards them, the prisoner employed himself scribbling upon a sheet of fools- cap paper. This sheet was afterwards handed round the bar, and upon it were the following ob- servations If I am found guilty upon this charge, I will not plead again, but take my chance. John son has completely sold me—Henry Johnson, of Birmingham." In one corner of the sheet the convict sketched a very good likeness of his brother- in-law, having thus engaged himself while Mr. Jus- tice Erie was passing sentence upon him. Even this extraordinary conduct will scarcely be matter of surprise when it is stated that, after having do- camped from Mr. Fasson, the accountant of the Crystal Palace, at his own residence on the 17th of September, Robson drove direct to the West End tavern, which he was then in the habit of frequent- ing, and ordered dinner for himself and a lady who joined him during the afternoon. The dinner con- sisted of fish, curry, and a brace of partridge and while it was being served, Robson, addressing the waiter, said, Mr. has sent me curry, for I never eat it. Pray, tell him to remember this when I dine here again." That very night the unhappy man left England a fugitive from justice. Col. Tun- has written to the papers stating that ho has been refused a passport for Constantinople by Lord Clarendon on the following grounds 1, That his statement of having resided five years in England is incorrect. 2. That his movements last year led to various misunderstandings and collision between the English and Austrian Governments. 3. That his application for a passport to Constants nople wasinconsistent with the declaration of his intention to resido for the future in England. A second Niger Expedition to maintain the com- munication with the interior of Africa, lately opened out by the successful expedition under Dr. Baikie, was last week urged upon Lord Clarendon by a, deputation from the British Association for the advancement of science. Owing to the strange proceedings of the tory mayor and town clerk, the Rochester burgess roll is reduced from 1,100 to 283 votes, so that the elec- tions on the 1st of November in tho different wards were a mere farce and resulted in the return of all the tory candidates. The mayor and town clerk were hung in effigy. i PROPOSED CRIMEAN MONUMENT AT SHKFFIELD —A movement has been commenced among some oftho working men of Sheffield to erect a monu- ment in that town to the memory of our country- men who fell in the Crimea. They have commu- nicated with Miss Florence Nightingale, through her relative, Miss Shore, of Mecrsbrook Hall, Shef- field, requesting that she would consent to lay the foundation stone. Miss Nightingale has replied as follows:- Lea Hurst, Matlock, Oct. 23, 1856. "My dear Lydia,-The purpose mentioned to me in your letter has my deepest sympathy. It would have been most congenial with my feelings, on my return from the death-beds of so many brave men, to take a part in it. I shall be with the men of Sheffield in spirit whenever they execute their proposed plan. It is with real pain that I feel com- pelled to decline the privilege wnich they offer to me, of Jaying the first stone. But I believe I shall best honour the cause of those brave dead by ab staining from appearing to court that publicity which I consider to have been my greatest impe- diment in the work I have been engaged in fur their sakes, impeding it by arousing in some minds care for worldly distinctions. I will ask you to give this letter to Mr 0vereH and I should be 6gilad that Mr Overend should make known ?tLbe whojiad expressed a desire that I should lay the first stone my reasons and my sorrow for not doiug so; and should say also that I feel an especial re- gret in declining this at Sheffield, from old and dear family recollections connected with the place. I must apologise for so late an answer, as I have only just returned home. Pray believe me, my dear Lydia, „ ever truly yours, "ILORENCB NIGHTINGALB. "Miss Shore, TMLr eersbrook." Miss Nightingale has also sent a check of zC20 towards the object, counting of subscriptions of £ o eaoh from herself, her father, Mr. Nightingale, and her uncle and aunt, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Smith, The undertaking will be launched by a public meeting convened by the mayor.
I EPITOHS OF NEWS. Another shock of earthquake was felt at Brou- ssa on the 22nd, but no serious injury was c&used. Major-General Williams quilified, at the last Sandwich Sessions, as a magistrate for the Libert- ies of the Cinque Ports. A gentleman, while in the act of signing a paper at the East India House, on Thursday week, fell down dead. The late Hamilton Fitzgerald, Esq. has left a legacy of £10,000 to the ltoyal National L:fe- boat Institution, with which to provide life-boats The total amount of subscriptions on behalf of the victims of th e i lations in France is 11,4-39,3lOf (about i>-158,000.) The arrivals and departures at Ramsgatc, by steam b) n. during the past season, have been about 135.000 persons. The Chester Chronicle says that it is rumoured that Sir Humphrey de Trafford may probably be the new master of the Cheshire hounds. The new reformatory for the county of War- wick LJ expected to ha ready for opening next week. Sir John Pakington has consented to aJdres9 the members of the Manchester Athenaiuni, on the 18th inst., on the subject of national educa- tion. Tho Attorney-General is to appear as prose- cutor in the charge against the individuals con- nected with the Cymmcr Colliery, against whom a verdict of manslaughtei was found. We are informed that Mr. Baron Platt has reo signed his seat as a B iron of the Court of Ex- chequer. Mr. Watson, Q.C., is spoken of as likely to become the new judge. The Gazette announces that General Sir Edward Blakeney has been appointed governor, and Gen. Sir Alexander Woodford lieutenant-governor, of C.ielsea Hospital. It is stated authoritatively, that nothing has recently occurred which can have given rise to tha rumour of the resignation of the Bishop of Nor- wich. Some of the pasty ornaments used at the late Dublin Crimean banquet having, through inad, vertence, got into the hands of children, ono poos child died from having eaton a portion of them. The Oazette contains a Board of Trade notice reporting that the Norwegian government has temporarily prohibited the importation into Nor- way of cattle from England or Scotland. In the case of the Tipperary Bank a compromise has been offered. If accepted without father liti. gation it would give the dona fide creditors 103 in the pound. Mr. Spurgeon being too ill to attend the services in his chapel in New park-street, London, on Sun. day, his place was filled by the Rev. Alexanùel Fletcher, of Finsbury-circus chapel. The Lord Mayor of London has remited a fur. ther sum of 15,000f. to the fund for the relief of the sufferers by the French inundations. This raises the total to 850,000f. or £34,000. Upwards of four tons weight of bad meat was destroyed last week at Newgate market by the in- spectors. It had come from the country, an d tht salesman gave notice of its unsound quality. The Liverpool Mercury speaks of Mr. William Preston being nominated by the liberals in the town council, as mayor, in opposition to Mr. Slianii the conservative nominee. There are rumours at Vienna ef a loan about to be contracted by the Austrian Government, and of an extensive recruitment of the army over ail parts of the Empire. From Buffalo we learn that seventy-two vessels are now on their way from Chicago and Milwaukie for that port, laden with 1,062,647 bushels of grain. Her Majesty's ship Magicienne lately steamed into Sebastopol between the sunken ships. Noth. ing had been done towards raising the vessels, nor had the fortifications of the town been recom- I menced. Mr. Masterman, of Duke-street Liverpool, haj died from the effects of injuries inflicted by a young shoplifter whom he caught in the act of r bing his till, and who, on being captured, bit hi. thumb. John Claxton, who was on board the Victory, Lord Nelson's ship, on the memorable 21st Oct- ober, 1805, and saw his commander fall, died in Ipswich Union house, on the 26th ult. age 7J years. The duke of Malborough has had an order posted up in the porter's lodge under which person desirous of visiting the interior of Blenheim house will be required to pay Is and 2d for inspecting the gardens. The factory girls of Lowell have given expres- I sion to their feelings upon the late Summer out- rage, by sending to P. S. Brooks thirty pieces of I silver (three-cent pieces), a rope, and a swiaf- I sheet, with a letter freely expressing their senti- ments. The Commander-in-chief has forwarded nn inti- mation to Colonel Eden, commandant of Chathu'n garrison, that he intends holding a review of thr ¡ whole of the troops belonging to the Prcriiion.ii Battalion the corps of Royal Engineers, the Eut India Company's Sappers and Miners, and he P.ry .i Marine Light Infantry, in all numbering about 3,000 men. A requisition, it is said, is in course of s igna- ture calling on Mr. Stuart Wortley, the recorder, to allow himself to be put in nomination for th? representation of the city of London at the nEt general election. The right hon. gentleman, who is a liberal, it at present the member for Bute. The Glasgow University was publicly opened oa Monday afternoon, by the Very Rev. Principal Macfarlan, in presence of the other professors. The attendance was somewhat larger than on prev- ious occasions. The Edinburgh University was opened the same day,by an address from Professor Robertson, before a crowded assembly of stud- ents. A letter from Switzerland say?, there is nothing wanting to complete the Concordat between Wur- temburg and the Holy See, but the ratification by the Pope and the King, the negotiations hav- ing term inated satisfactorily. The cold, which has begun to make itself felt here during the last few days, ia still sharper in Belgium. In Antwerp the other night there wail a sharp frost,the ditches round the city being covered with a thin coat of Ice. Miss Glyn has just re-appeared at the Edin- burgh Theatre Royal, after a prolonged absence. She played Lady Macbeth" on Monday evening; and J ulia," in the "Hunchback," on Tues- day. The Liverpool Daily Post records the capture, by a police warrant, of the notorious T. P. Gil- more, in Ramsey, Isle of Man, on a charge of receiving goods, to the value of £i50, on false pretences. The freedom of the burgh of Hawick was con. ferred upon General Sir James Simpson on Sa- turday morning. Iu the course of his speech j the referred to his connection with the burgh in early life. I At a meeting of the Oxford Town-Council, last week,it was unanimously agreed that the next may- or to be elected on the 10th instant, be recom- mended not to take the usual oath of submission to the Vice-chancellor of the University of Ox- ford. The Treasury and Board of Trade have autho- rised the exhibition at Manchester of the purchases made for tl2,000 from the Bernal Collection of Mediaeval Art. The purchases respectively made by the British Museum, and by the Depart- ment of Sicence and Art, will be brought together for this purpose. The whole sum subscribed in Italy far the lrwi/fn musket fund does not yet amount to ??,0n 00 francs. The subscription for the hundred guns of Alessandria has reached 70,000 trano a,d upwards. The Medical Times and Gazette announces that the heads of all the Medical Corporations of Eng- I I "rrèl'( land, Scotland, and Ireland have at last agretd upon the terms of a KewModical Hpform??'- The proposals for the bill are given at length m our medical contemporary. A section of the West-end of London and Cry- stal Palace Railway was opened for traffic Dr. Thursday. The line extends from the raih1 ay- station of the Palace to Wandsworth Common— four miles and three-quarters in length. It passes under the Palace by a tunnel. A prospectus has just been'issued, announcing shortly the appearance of a newspaper to be pilb, lshed weekly at Bridgewaler, under the title ot I he Leader and Somersetshireman, for the purpose of defending the doctrines promulgated by Mr. Prince and his followers. There was an accident, last week, at the Art Treasures Palace, Manchester, through the giving way of an arch one man killed and seven injured. The ironwork, which was progressing moat rapHJ), was not destroyed or damaged, with the exccpuo't of one Plllu adJoltLmg the wall. The loss by th? accident a estimated not to exceed