-a THE DEATH ROLL OF 185-5.-Witbin the last twelve months what a gap has been made in the me- morable roll! The sagacious and indefatigable Truro -the earnest and philosophic Molesworth—the enter- prising Parry—the warm-hearted and upright Inglis— the scientific De la Beehe-the learned Gaisford—the reforming lIume-the harmonious Bishop-the finan- cial Ilerres-tlie diplomatic Adair—the poetical Strangford also a diplomatist, with Ellis aad Ponson- by, his fellow-labourers in the last named category— the gifted Lockliart-Miss Ferrier and Adam Fergus- son, connected, too, with Sir Walter Scott-Lord Rob- ertson, the convivial judge—Lord Rutherford, his 1\1' 0 acute compeer—Miss Mitford and strong-hearted Cur- rer Bell—Colburn, the godfather to half the novels of the last half century—Sibthorp the eccentric—the tra- veller Bnckingham-Park the sculptor—Gurney the shorthand wrftter.-O. Smith the preternatural—the centenarian Routh—Black of the Morning Chronicle— the life-prcsevering Captain Manby—Archdeacon flare —Jessie Lowers, the friend of Burns—the injured Baron de Bode —and a long file to titled names distin- guished in the pursuits |of life. The war, of course, came in for the lion's share, in sweeping away already illus- trious—or, had fate permitted, those who would have been so; the gentle-hearted, courteous Raglan, the mirror of modern chivalry—the intrepid Torrens-the amiable Estcourt—the untiring Markham—the brave Adams—the gallant Campbell—the unfortunate Chris- tie and Boxer, are the most prominent of the heroes whom tho bullet or thu Crimean lover have forcibly taken from us. Death, too, has been busy with great people in the ranks of our Allies, in the field, on the wave, in the Cabinet, in the private home; Ilarispe Bruat—Maekau—Delia Marmora, who fought so well- the painter Labey—the Statesman Mole—the poet Micziowitz—tho widow of Lavalette—the wife of Emile de Girardin—the brother of Victor lIugo- Count Bruhl, the antagonist of Philidor, the King of Chess—Ivhosrew Pasha, the true type of the old Os- manli—the chivalrous Duke of Genoa—and Adelaide of Sardinia, the early-lost wife our noble Piedmontesc ally. UNDFR THu RosF.Ntany a young lady who ob- jects to be kissed under the mistletoe has no objection to be kissed under the rose," A careless compositor made an error in the above, reuderiug it has no objection to be kissed under the nose." In the Bernese Oberland, especially on the St. Go- thard route, the temperature is just now extraordinarily mild. The snow melts and falls in heavy avalanches.
I DISTRICT NEWS. I G-obowen. THE RAILWAY ACCIDENT.—In an account of the fatal accident, which occurred at this station on Friday last, we find that we were misinformed as to the name of the party—the unfortunate man being James Dyke, aad not Mr. Jones, as therein stated. The error was of course unintentional, and we are sorry that we should have been the means of causing so much temporary grief to the re- lations of Mr. Jones. I Cefn-Mawr. I PUBLIC MEETING TO FORM A PENNY SAVINGS' BANK. On Monday last, a Public Meeting was held at the Baptist Chapel, Cefn-Mawr, for the purpose of establish- tag a Penny Bank for that populous district. The meeting was convened by public notice, and was one of the most crowded ever held in the Celn. The Rev. Ellis Evans, Minister of the Chapel, moved that their good neighbour, who always was foremost in every good cause, G. H. Whalley, Esq,) Plas-Madoc, would take the chair. Th" motion was seconded by Mr. W. Williams. The Chairman then opened the proceedings with the following speech. We are assembled this evening for the purpose of establishing a Bank, in which, those who are desirous of taking care o! their money, can safely deposit it. The main object being to induce them to save the smallest sums, that they may at any time have uo use for, and thus, by continual additions of these small sums, have a reaJy help iu the time of ditficuly and distress, and also by the habit of saving these sums, learn economy and prudence, lessons more valuable by far even thau the money that they will lay by. By reason of its affording the means of laying by sums, even so small as one penny, it is to be called a penny bank, and those who have pro- posed it, have before them the example of a great many banks of this kind, established in different parts of the country, and which have been so far, as they are in- formed, the greatest possible benefit and blessing to those who made use of them. The paper which I hold iu my hand, contains the rules and regulations of this bank, and which having been already approved of by those whose names arc here signed to it, will now be read to this meeting for your approval aho, subject to any alterations or improvements that any one may be good enough to suggest. The rules are taken chiefly from a similar bank which has been carried on with very great success in Wrexham for four or five years past, during long trial of it, with incouveiences and difficulties as have been dis- covered, the promoters of this bank have endeavoured to avoid in all the rules now to be submitted to you. These rules will be i ead, and any information you may desire will be afforded to you by the licv. R. Jacob, to whom, we are, all of us, indebted for originating the hank, and for a vast amount of trouble that he has already taken to place it at starting on a good solid foundation. I trust that all who are present, will not only become depositors in this bank themselves, but will make it known far and wide as possible amongst their neighbours, and persu-ide them to become depositors, for I am quite convinced that, according to the number of depositors in this bank, will be the number of persons in this parish, who will become not merely richer than for this bank they would have been, but, also more careful, more iudustrious, more sober, and temperate, and in one word, more thoroughly happy. There is an old saying adopted too, from the Scripture. itself that "money is the root of all evil," which, as I understand it, means, not merely that the unlawful desire of money leads men into conduct, which in one form or another, ends in their misery and ruin, but still more di- rectly, it is the root of all evil, when a man has more money in his possession thau he has immediate use for. Every on. s observation and experience can tell him this, that two or three pennies in the pocket of a working man more than he has a goud use for is the greatest of ali temptations to buy a pint of beer. Money in this point of view, is the root of intemperance, for every pint of beer that a man tlius drinks, because he has no belter use fur his pence, is uadoubf.lv intemperance All nine- ners of devices have been tried, aud are sliil in full opera- bon for destroying the mighty branches of evil th(l spring from this root. Ours is a bumhle effort to strike j at the root itself, and to oiler some counteracting tempta- ¡ tion to the man with the idle penr.ies in his pocket, and Instead ot their burning holes in that pocket, and h?es ￼ too, in his character, and his happiness, making them bear fruits that shall make him happier and better all the davs of his life. Take care of the pence and the pounds will take care of themselves/5 is another very good max- im, and might well be adopt d as the motto of this bank, — let a man but once put his two I or th:;e pennies into this bank, and he will find the next morning that he rises with a n:y diScrcH.?' ?feeling to that which foHows its cxpe?dnurc n beer. -1 am quite sare that the most determined drunkard, as I well as the most temperate of beer-drinkers, invariably look back on money so spent with pain and regret; but I did you ever hear of any one regretting that they had I saved their money ? Is it not as ccrtaiu as any thing ran be, that there is pleasure in remembering what you "have saved ? This point, too, I need not further dwcll upon. Take care of the pn?ne, aud the poundj will take care of' themselves. I ng:?n rep' at, for it is fnl! of meaning to m all, that pence saved soon become pounds. The verv pleasure of pntti n hy the pm^e makes the time pass quickly WI it swells to poundsand then arises another I occupation for the mind, not a bit less pleasant than that of saving—" Money brings care," it is said, but if it be so, I think we shall all agree that thinking what we shall do with our mou"y, wh -n it amounts to something worth thinking about, is by <ar the least disagreeable of all the cares aud anxieties that men are subject to. Compare the man who having in this way something to think about, gOC3 Q!uetl? home to Lis wife and chiidreo, and sits ta'kiug or thinking over hi OWl! urcsid? a?d the man who having no such troubles or occupation, finds his house very dull, compared with the uoise, and racket, and senseless talk, and uproar of the pothouse. Compare him too with the same man when times go hard and work is scarce, or illness comes with or without old age; and ¡ those who spend their pennies in the pothouse are not j more free from such troubles than the man who puts them in a bank. Compare the two men, then, and be judges. Teetotal meetings, freehold land societies, and the deposits i in the saviugs banks are very good as far as they go, but ¡ they do not go far enough. I wish to say nothing against j any of them. I wish that the bcuefit societ ies could carry 1 on this business without the aid of publicans, and I wish too that more would join the temperance clubs and free- hold land societies, and more become depositors in the savings banks and it is to increase this class of persons that the bank is established. It is of no use to go to the savings bank with a penny, and even for such suras as they will accept, it is too distant from your houses. In like manner benefit societies, and the like, require that a man has got into steady habits before he enters, or, ifuot, he knows full well that he will soon fall into arrears and pc. nalties, which deters hundreds from commencing. No such impediments or risks occur here. Once the penny is in, there it remains until yoa want it again. The door of the bank will be almost next to your own, and, like the money-box of children, will create the desire to fill it with your spare pence. Yon will soon learn the lesson of bank- ing and bookkeeping; you will have no difficulty in know- ing when your pence have mounted up to a pound. Our; advice would be, then, put it into the savings bank it will then begin to iaercase, and at the same time you will in- crease in self respect, the respect of your neighbours, and the love and affection of your families, and your own con- sciousness of worth and independence. In a word, the object of the penny bank is to create the habit of economy and prudence. It has effectually accomplished this object wherever it has been tried, and why should it fail here ? Why should it fail amongst a population second to none in the kingdom in hard workers, clear thinkers, and, accord- ing to my experience, a population always open to reason- able counsel, always ready to acknowledge the aid that such persons as have now stepped forward in this matter are wilting to afford them. You will see by the names to this paper who these persons are, and I conclude by ask- you to listen to the rules of the bank; to speak ont at once if there is any improvement in them required; and when you have adopted them, to come forward promptly and heartily in support of them, and by your example and persuasion induce others to do the same. The Rev Levi Hees Jacob, curate of Rhosymedre, then read Use rules and moved that this meeting considers that it would tend to promote habits of regularity and economy, if an opportunity were afForded to all clases for the deposit of small sums of money, and for that pur- pose considers it highly expedient to establish a penny bank, pursuant the rules uow read to the meeting, which are as follows;- Rule 1. The bank will he open every Monday evening from 7 to 9 for the deposit of any sums of money, not less than Id. Rule 2. The depositors to have each a pass book for 2J.; and if the same be lost, the new one to cost 4d. Rule 3. Re-payments to be made on the 13th Monday in each quarter to auy depositor upon his giving notice on the 12th Monday in each quarter. Rule 4. The Secretary to deliver each week's receipts to the Treasurer on the following day (Tuesday), two of the committee certifying the correctness of the amount. Rule 5. The Treasurer to retain £5 in hand, the over- plus to be paid over by him into the Wrexham or Oswes- trv Savings' Bank. Rule 6. The Treasurer is authorised to withdraw mone y from the Savings' Bank when required, upon obtaining the written consent of 5 members of the commi tee. Rule 7. Interest to be allowed upon £2 and upwards at the same rate as the Wrexham or Oswestry Savings' Bank. Rule 8. Quarterly meetings of the Committee to b held at this Bank, 5 of whom to foftn a quorum. AI I annual meeting of all members to he held on Chriitma?- day. Twenty members are empowered to call a meetin upou making a written request to the Secietary for purpose. As the Rev. gentleman s poke in Welsh, we are unable to give the nervousness aud force of the origiual, but the following is the substance :—An old woman asked him the other day what was the word Bank in Welsh. lie told her it was llainc." a "seat, or bench." When the winter's winds blew fiercely against her, it was well to have a "bainc" to grasp, aud when weary and tired iu the journey of life, it was well to have a bainc" to res! upon. The old woman said, I see, I see, what you are driving at." The chairman hid them to keep in view the object of the meeting. This reminded him of being present once at the examination of an infant school. The examiner was a venerable old man after asking them about good boys and bad boys, he said to them, You answer very well, very wdl indeed, but what's the object? Have you seen your mother weaving?—Yes. But what's the object—object—object ? Well, John wants atrowsers and Mary wants a cloak—'that's the object." So the mind should be fixed upon the object of this meeting and view it apart from political or religious prejudices—view it as a social movement fur the amelioration of the working classes. There were many reasons for directing the mind of the working man to such institutions as the present. The unenlightened man, indeed the majority of mankind, live in the present—think only of tne present—and as the phrase goes, "live from hand to mouth." But the en- lightened man on the other hand made the future, present —the contingencies of the future were to him a living present. It is true that man, if viewed as an individual, is an enigma, but in the mass he is a mathematical problem and this problem had been satisfactorily solved by Life Insurance," and Guarantee Fidelity," and other societies so that in every contingency that may happen to man man may view the future as present. This institution had a direct tendency to open the mind of the working man—to set him to think about the future and bring him to reflect upon those laws that operate upon col- lective humanity and to obey them as an individual. Another reason for directing the mind of the work- man to such institutions as the present was the fol- lowing. The working man thought that gold was the only capital in existence, whereas the only real capital in existence is the nerve and sinews of the working man. How could he make this plain? The value of a thing is best known when it is lost. Lot us then suppose the strong arm of every working man every where to become on a sudden paralized, what then would be the good of all the gold in the world ? The working men were the only real capital in the world. In that strong arm lies tho germ of every thing value- able in existence. Whatever the workman gets as compensation, that is the representative value of his labour; 12s. a-week, means labour's worth; 18s. a- week, means labour's worth; 30s. a-weck, means labour's worth. If he throws that money away for smoke, he is labouring for smoke. Now all the capital the workman has is his strength, and a time will come when he will have no strength, and therefore, have no capital. He has now more strength than is necessary to supply his daily wants; that extra strength is given by God to compensate for the time when his capital of strength will be gone —that extra stength then let him use and put the produce of it into the bank, and when his strength will fail, what a comfort it will bo to him to think that his former extra power is embodied in the b:mk, in the form of sovereigns. Acting in this way he will act according to the compensating laws of the Creator. In former times there were no institutions to preserve extra capital. Man hid it iu the field," or in an old chest, or stocking; but the nineteenth contury has produced Saving's Banks, which were now upon bases so as to bo productive of much good. Still the general savings' bank did not meet the case of the working man. There were the odd coppers—frag- ments which were to be gathered so that there be nothing lost. About six years ago Mr. Bentley estab- lished the first penny savings' bank in London, and since then many had been opened in different parts of the country, with decided success. Mr. Kendall, tho lion. See. of the Wrexham penny savings' bank, had written to him thus, during tho existence of the one at Wrexham, upwards of 2000 accounts have been opened for depositors and about £1,363 paid in, and we continue to open about 20 new accounts every week." These banks, therefore, are highly practical, and any one might walk into the Saving's Bank, Wrexham, on a Monday night, and see this thing in full operation. Now, he thought the bank was a highly beneficial ex- periment f or this district In agricultural districts, it mitiht not answer as wages were paid in kind, but here was paid every year for labour in this district, and so the bank would give an opportunity for all to come forward to deposit their swius. There were scores then present who could easily lay by 5s. per week cow, in seven years that would be £100! would not that be a nice sum to commence life with, or to be an umbrella Tor a rainy day. The Rev. gentleman then brought for- ward some striking remarks as to the effect of accumu- lation. Jo hn and Murv were married 011 a Christinas Day; worked in a factory; Mary was allowed a pint of beer a d ay; the year rolled on merrily and joyously, aud the a nniversary of their wedding arrived. It was Christmas, and the bells were ringing, and John said to Alary, twelve month ago we were married, and we have had no holidav since, I should like to go and see thy mo- ther, weli," said Mary, "if thou likes, we will go," yes," says John, but I have no money," but I have," says Mary, smilling; "I have the piut of "what is that?'' says John. Upou this, Mary brought out £4. 115 3d, the pint of beer for 365 days. This brought conviction to John's hea.-t, and h;s tears came trickling down. No, no, 111 spend none of thy money, they shall go to the saving's bank, and my money, too, shall go there," and this couple are now in a highly respectable position in society. It is a remarkable fact, but it is true, that if 535 trucks brought a ton of sovereigns each to be melted at Acrefair, the bars of gold would represent what is spent in drink, tobacco, and snuff, in Great Britain aud Ireland iu one year. igaiu it is compu ted, that if the tobacco smoked in a year, was made into pig tai ¡" it would reach 100,000 miles. Wilful w:i»te, makes woeful want." He would tell them Cadwa- ladr J°nrs's story. He met Rowland, Well, Cadwaladr, how dO you do?" says Rowland, who was a little tipsy, I am tolerable," says Cadwaiadr, but I have a lump in my side, it has been growing a year and a-half." "Ah, I know all," says Rowland, "it is a year and a-half since you have left off drinking, and I'll tell you what, if you fJ rry on as you have, you will have a lump on the other side." Thou has said the truth for once, Rowland, this if the lump (bringing out a purse of £15, the saving of a year and a-half). aud I hope soon to have a lump on the other side." Now it is well kuown that there are men in this district earning as much as JE3 even £:4 a week, and could amass a littie fortune if they could but at- tend to it. He implored them to give heed to the sub- ject for the, sake of themselves,. their wives, and their little ones. Those that had influence, he hoped, would exercise it. They were all galvanic batteries, aud if they be but charged with good principles, everything they came in contact with, would receive the electric spark.— Immense applause. Mf. Jeremiah Bradley seconded the resolution, and said that he had been an inhabitant of the district for thirty years, and during that period had personal knowledge of the ways aud means of the working classes. He thought that this institution was just the thing for the working man, and from the large number assembled there he judged that an iuterest was felt in the subject, and that it was fully sappreciated. The resolution was put to the meeting, and carried unanimously. Mr. Robert Harrisrm then moved the next resolution —That the rules be adopted. He introduced his speech by rehitiug a talc of a medical student under examination. The examiner asked him what he would prescribe to ob- taiu perspiration.—The student prescribed. What next ? —The student again prescribed. Suppose both fail, what next?—Stand before you, sir, to be examined. It was also a good place for a sweating to etand before such a large audience. lie illustrated the value of the institu- tion by a striking incident. A schoolfellow of Couttsthe banker, called upon him in London, and was invited by the banker to dinuer, which was of the most recherche description. The friend called next day at the bank to transact business, and there was an odd penny due to the banker. You shan't have that, Tom," says the friend. I must have it," says Mr. Coutts. The friend thought it inconsistent in him spending so much upon a dinner, and sticking so close to a penny. The answer of the banker was pithy :—" I always take care of the pennies." The speaker made a most powerful speech, and was highly applauded. Mr. W. Edwards, Trefynaut, seconded the resolution, and said the ruics had been drawn up with great care, and so as to meet every contingency. He hid no doubt, that with mutual good faith, the institution was capable of high temporal and moral results, and as far as lay in his power it should have his cordial support. The resolution was put to the meeting, and carried The Chairman then said that the institution wal of the 1 nature of a mutual insurance »ocietv, therefore he invited I < iny one from the body of the clapel to come forward and ipeak their sentiments. Mr. Wm. Thomas came on the platform- The fire of dr. Jacob's speech hid kindled him. He was a stranger miong them, still hs felt great love to the Welah for their powerful advocacy of Sunday Schools. At the same time le regretted there was among them the vice of drua- (euncss, bnt he fully believed this institution would act i8 a corrective. The history of Samuel Bridget, of Bristol, was a case in point to prove the value of this in- stitution. Oae morning, as he was going to school, he ound a horseshoe, which he sold to a blacksmith for « ,)enny. The blacksmith said to him—" If you will show ne that penny in a fortnight I will give you another pea- lY." The boy did so, arid these few pence were the ne' cleus of the immense fortune that he amassed. Richard Bowen, a workingman, then stepped forward, and said he was one of themselves. He knew what sav- ng might have effected in his own family, and he knew in my heads before hh} where a little economy in past years might have materially altered their position. The nouey of tha rich it was not material where they put it, ■Hit it was material what the poor did with it. It was the pay for his laboilr-" Lai at-n dy (,hwvs." (iiiiinenee sensation,) He mentioned another important fact, that young men of eighteen earned the wages of meu, and that these young men allowed their mothers as scanty as they :ould, and scarcely knew what to do with their loose uoney. This bank was the pla,c to make men of Lhem, and he hoped they would avail themselves of the opportunity. The Chairmau here announced that an anthem by Han- del would be sung by the choir. Mr. Butler then moved—That this institution deser/es the encouragement of ali parties. He said he was one from the ranks. He once felt a horror of entering the workhouse, and he left off habits of intemperance, and he hoped by hiving done so to be safe from entering there. He thought it was honest pride in every man to try to be independent. He began late in lif- to save. Hundreds tie saw before him who were yoiiiiger than lie was when he started to save He advised young and maidens to go to the bauk, and concluded by 8-iying—" If you put your money in the bank you will Ses it again but if you spend it in drink you will never see it any more." Air. Jonathan Jone3 seconded the resolution in Welsh. He said they must expect opposition. If they laughed and danced, that wouldn't do if they piped and mourned, that wouldn't do. It was so 1800 years ago, and will always be so but they must have faith in their object- "Faith laughs at impossibilities, And says it shall be done." He then referred to the rule of repayments at the and of each quarter. Oae quarter would help to buy potatoe plants; the next to buy a pig to eat the small potatoes the third to pay for the ground, aad the fourth to buy something warm for the winter. The resolution was put and unanimously carried. The next resolution was moved by the ltev. Ellis Evans, —That the gentlemen, whose uames he then read, be ap- proved of for the management. He said he felt great pleasure to see most of the gentlemen whose names he had just read, on the platform; the clergymen were ttieri- ministers and elders of all denominations were there, and he felt a pleasure to be associated with them. He wqs also very glad to see Mr. Wood's name as treasurer. He could trust Mr. Wood. He knew he would do his best for this great work. There is an eye that marks all our little efforts, and he hoped a blessing would attend them. The venerable old minister then added—" My dear children, I have grown old in my Master's service. I can say of you with the Apostle, I have you in my heart.' Tnen take my a ivice go, put your spare money in the bank. I will set you an example. I'll put what I can in myself, and you do the same, and I am sure you won't repent." Mr. John Davies seconded the resolution, and made some remarks. He said that he asked a boy of eight years of age, who was smoking, was he not ashamed of smoking. He answered that it was the other way he should be ashamed if he couldn't smoke. Mr. Davies said that he was sorry that youth were so encircled with bad examples, and he believed that if youths became mem- bers of the bank, moral forces would be generated to resist temptation. Mr. Davies said also that mothers ought to be the founders of penny bauks, for the mother always gives the first halfpenny to the child, little thinking by teaching that child to spend the halfpenny, she was giving it the course of training. Mr. Poole then moved the next resolution—That penny banks having been found highly beneficial in other dis- tricts, ought to act as an inducement to give it a fair trial here. He said that at Broomsgrove the deposits, in little more than twelve months, were E552 13s. lid.; Stour- bridge, .B:97; Newtown Row, £ 190 Oakengates, and in Wellington and Warrington most favourable ac- counts are in the papers about them. Why should uot the penny hank succeed in Cefn Mawr also? Is the working man poorer ? Is he less fond of his wife ? Is he less fond of his children ? No the British workman is the same honest heart everywhere. The case was this —in those places an opportunity was offered to workmen, and till now there was no opportunity offered here, so that they might spend their money if they wished. He hoped the young, both male and female, would vie with each other as to who had most in the bank, and when the wedding day arrived, to draw out their mutual sums to start life with Mr. George Bradley seconded the resolution, which was carried unanimously. The Rev. Ellis Evans moved a vote of thanks to the Chairman, which was seconded by the Rev. L. H. Jaeub, aud carried with applause. The Chairman briefly replied. Thus cud d one of the most delightful meetings ever held in Cefn Mawr.
AURICULTURE. REVIEW OF TIIE BIUTISH CORN TRADE, DURING THE PAST WEPK.-( F/om tlteilltyk Lane Express.) Another change from frost to very mild weather, and still greater change in the political aspect of things, have been the characteristics of the past week. It being generally taken for granted that the Peace Proposals inadi through the intervention of Austria would share the fate of those mooted last spring, and there being a great improvement effected in the samples by the dry and frosty state of the atmosphere, a healthy tone had come over the corn markets, with indications of a gradual recovery from the late decline. This feel- ing was universally entertained, and wheat prices had generally progressed 2a. per quarter in the face of in- creased supplies but Thursday's important intelligence that Russia had changed her minJ, and accepted the terms of the Allies simply and purely as the basis of pacification, brought a paralysis over the trade, and placed operations perfectly in suspense. Some timid holders of English wheat, we hear, have been content to make large sacrifices; but this disposition is not prevalent, though as. less per quarter would have been accepted by several English factors on Friday. We cannot, however, think that the panic had a sufficient basis; for the stores of Russia have been exhausted by the war, her crops last season were bad, and many of her lands this autumn must have been neglected from the scarcity of labour. Germany, her nearest neigh- bour, is dearer than ourselves, from a severe deficiency; and we are by no means certain that America's new crop will yield a sufficient overplus for Europe. Ne- gociation, too, is a slow process; winter is not the time for Russian shipments; and who can tell us what Itus- sia has to spare ? Speculators are still wary at present rates, but, we hear, some arc likely to appear, should the present depression lead to a heavy fall. Foreign holders, with their limited stocks, have shown no alarm. Floating cargoos have bfien offered at 2s. less for Egyp- tian wheat, which early in the week brought 52s., and was on Friday offered at 51s. Spring corn has not ex- hibited the same depression, though sales have been impeded, and less muney must be taken to do business. The continental markets, previous to the news, exhi- bited but little change from the previous reports.
HtJjJTTUJQ- APPOINTMENTS. Sir W. W. WYNN'S HOUNDS will meet on- Saturday, Jan. 23th. Ilenlev Hall Monday, 28th Carden Tuesday, 2JLh. Halston Friday, Feb. 1st Margton Gate hturdaYI :lad. Cock Bank Each day at half-past 10. The CHESHIRE HOUNDS will meet on- Saturday, Jan. 26th Delemere House Monday, 28th. Kindcrton Guide Post Wednesday, 30th ..Wavertou Village Thursday, 31st Tattenhall Saturday, Feb. 2nd. Calveley Hall Each day at Lalf-past 10. COURSING FIXTURES FOR FEBRUARY. Combermere (Open) Cheshire ——————— Feb. 12 Sundurne (Spring) Salop ———— — —14, 15 Hordley Ditto Mr. Warwick Feb. 20 Hawkstone (Open) Ditto Mr. J. Platt not fixed The War, it appears, has eaten up all the spare bronze To au application to Government for a contribution of metal for the proposed statute of Newton, an answer has been received that all the brouzc in the possession of (jo- vern went is required for the casing of cannon,
-r-=-:r- I EPITOME OF NEWS, I rfORELG-f, COLONTKL, AND DOMESTIC. Thefe is every reason to believe that Her Majesty will open Parliament in person on the 31st. The address in the Commons will be moved by the Hon. G. H. C. Byng, M.P., for Tavistock, and sec- onded by )1r. W. E. Baxter, M.P. for Montrose. Mr. Macaulay has issued his farewell address to his constituents in Edinburgh, on account of ill health. All ships preparing at Plymouth for service in the Bal- tic are ordered to be ready by the 1st uf March. ,j' .t.d t t\n F O)'tr! Inl: A marriage was celebrated at the French Kuniesch, a few weeks since I The news lately received from the 9.-i.iuWiCii i n'tr^sr: includes accounts of a terrible volcanic, crup^-m on tne island of Hawaii. Queen Maria Christina is abcut to marry her second daughter to Prince delDrago, the heir to a consider fortune. M. Falloux will shortly publish his history of Uo two last assemblies in France, the Constituent and tha Legislative The Oileans Railway Company have just introduced on their line, carriaóeõ with beds, C-Jv tne convenience of invalids. The following laconic advertisement appeared in the Manchester Guardiw of Saturday last Heh Tu- mas Y Oll arc wanted at Manchester." Mr. Bodkin having declined to accept the office of as- sistant judge of the .Middlesex Sessions, Mr. Pashley will be appointed without delay. The cast iron carriage-way pavement is now being laid down in Leadeuhall-street. The invention is that of General Knapp, of the United States. The Spanish Cortes 0:1 Thursday debated a motioa having for its object a want of confidence in the Ministry which was negatived by 152 against 57- It is said that Sir Joha Dean Paul, Bart., and Mr. Strahan, the convict bankers, are busily employed in prison, the former at tailoring, and the latter at chair- making. At the Epiphany Quarter Sessions, hell at Rye ou Thursday, there were no prisoners for trial. Jessop, tiie chief officer, also informed us ('Sussex Advertiser I that the gaol was empty. The Gazette da Midi announces that Louis Philippe's widow has had a relapse. Dr. Astros, of Marseilles, left on the 16th for Nervi, to visit the august patient. The Right Hon. Spencer Horatio Walpole has an. cepted the office of Archbishop's Church Estaces Com- missioner, vacated by the lamented decease of the Right Hon. Henry Goulburu. The income attached to the office is £1,000 a-year. The Polytechnique School, Paris, which has given so much trouble of late to people in authority, has been dissolved, and will be re-organised upon quito a new system. For the future it is to be purely a mili- tary establishment. The British Empire, Captain Vaughan (late the De- mcrara), has arrived at Queenstown with a cargo con- sisting of upwards of 4,000 tons of guano, the lirgcst cargo ever imported in one ship. Mr. James Dale, Newcastle, has purchased from the Corporation the whole of the old clothing belonging to the police force, and presented it to the Ragged School. Two English men of war, serving as a vanguard to others, have arrived before Copenhagen returning to the Baltic to resume their cruise. Letters from Kinburn, of the 5th, state that there were rumours of a Russian attack; but although several reconnaissances were made in the direction of Otcha- koff. no enemy's force eould be discovered. A new church has been built within the gaol at Bristol for the use of the prisoners. It has been erec- ted by the labour of the prisoners, and the expense of the building has been defrayed by the proceeds of their industry. The London General Omnibu3 Company offer a premium of ..£100 for the best design and specifica- tion for an omnibus that, with the same weight as at present, will afford increased space, accommodation, and comfort to the public. Mr. Russell, the Times' correspondent, is now in Landon. Never was a man so bidden to gatherings of the wealthy. In the midst of all tiiese brilliant festi- vities, the proposition of a dinner to be given to him by his brethren of the press will not be the least wel- come. ilr. Barnes, of Bolton, Lancashire, has a cat and a donkey between whom a. mutual attachment subsists. The other day, pussy was striving in vain to gain ad- mission at a door; whereupon her admirer left off grazing on the road, and walking over to the house, lifted the latch with his snout, and shoved the door open No manufacturer," says the Master Cutler, of Sheffield, who makes good articles, has any chai'.c" t' '_t 'G' of ever obtaining a Government contract fo: cutlery." The number of fires in London from the 1st of January to the 3Lit of December, ISjJ, was as fol. lows Fires at which the premises were totally de- stroyed or considerably damaged 3G9 slightly ditto, 613; making 982. Messrs. Walter and Schlesinger, of Vienna, have obtained a patent in Vienna for an invention whereby a railway train at full speed may be broughtto a standstill without danger to the engine, wagsrons, or human life. The number of persons who visitod the Universal Exhibition of Paris in 1855 was 4,033,464, viz., 3,036,934 visitors of the Industrial Exhibition, and 905,530 of the Palace of Fine Arts. The receipts amounted to 2,911,668f. A new Museum is projected under fair auspices in London. It is to be called the Scriptural Museum and its purpose is to afford a series of illustrations of Bible history, geography, and manners. In St. Chad's Church, Hanmer, Flintshire, is a copy of Foxe's .Acts and Monuments, in three volumes. One volume is chaiued to a desk at the east end of the south aisle, and the other two to a desk at the woot end. A petition, signed by upwards of 300 of the lcad. ing men of Hull, has been forwarded to her Majesty, praying that when any terms of peace shall come to be discussed, the complete repayment by Russia of the cost of the war may be taken into serious considera- tion. The Journal de Constantinople states that the Im- perial firman which grants the right of constructing a canal from the Danube to the Black Sea to a company formed by some financiers of London, Paris, Vienna, and Constantinople was signed on the 4th Janm y. The existence of a Danish circular despatch re- pudiating Denmark's solidity with Sweden's treaty and promising to maintain strict neutrality in future, is denied by the official journal in Copenhagen. Lord Panmure has obtained the sanction of the Crown to a measure, granting to soldiers the bounty money without the reduction of a single shilling on account Of necessaries. An entire kit will be given to the soldier at the public expense. A cargo of Russian spoils has arrived at W oolwich • it includes seventy-five guns of various calibre, several mortars, and a number of church bells, some of the latter of great weight and large size one of the bells weighs two tons. The Berlin police, who look after the morals of their beloved Berliners" with unexceptionable strictness, have forbidden the newspapers of the capital to admit adi-er- tiseme.its of persons pretending to want wives aud hus- bands, "such announcements being contrary to pro* priety The official returns of the population of Rome for 1854. have lately been published by the General Vicariate. In all, there are 177,461 inhabitants, 5,081 of which are clerical—viz., 36 bishops, 1,226 secular priests, 2,213 monks aud other religious personages, 1,01'J nuns, and 6S7 seminarists. King of Prussia, in his general orders to the Guard, last week, through the Minister of War, ad- dressed a reproof to General de Wraugel, blaming him strongly for having attended the l'è Ileum, held at tho hotel of the Russian Legation, at Berlin, in celebration of the taking of liars. The act was declared to be highly "inconvenient," and incompatible with tho general's military position. Le Nord of Wednesday publishes a supplement, to enable it to reprint Mr. (Jobden's pamphlet, the tal. cut and the loyal intentions of the writer imparting so great an importance to this brochure, that we believe it to be our duty to place it before the eyes of our readers unabridged." It was stated on Tuesday, at a special meeting of the Town Council of Cambridge respecting the alleged perilous condition of the Eastern Counties Railway oe., tween London and Cambridge, that in consequence of Colonel \V ynn's report the receipts of the company for the last week were between and less than the week picvious.
.i, ndat.icir o n faults, as it could not be statjd that they had not plenty of time to prepare the case. Ho hoped the C'juxt would not grant the application, for if they did, it would prove o aa extremely dangerous precedent. Upon the Bench ;tying that they should grant the adjournment, Mr. D. jtherton in preference to delaying the case, said, be w, n admit the license as proved. This closed the case :¡r the prosecution. Mr. Bretherton then addicted the Bench in favour of the defendant, and characterised the case as one of the most trifling and unnatural which he had ever remembered. Here was a father bringing a charge against one w hom it was his duty to protect, nainely aalllst one w om It was l uty to protect, nameiy, his daughter, for by attempting to damage the future prospects of her husband, he was, in fact, seeking to injure her. As to the charge itself, there was not a tittle of anything like proof against the defendant. The charge was for a misdemeanour, under the Marriage Act, and alleged that he wilfully, knowingly, and wit- tingly made a false statement in regard to his wife's age. That a false statement was made could not be denied, but that it was wittingly and knowingly made had not been attempted to be proved, and he should by evidence make it appear that the defendant was igno- rant that the statement was false, and also, that from the general character of his client, that he was a very unlikely person to have made it, knowing it to be un- L J. b'' 0 true. Ladies wore prover b ial for their antipathy to disclose their real age, for when young they wished to be thought older, and when old to be 0 deemed younger. As for the young lady's appearance, why her father l and herself looked more like brother and sister than any- thing else, and as he had had, by the confession of the prosecutor, no intercourse with the family previously, nor any of the usual means of knowing her age, but by h d" do 0' her own admission, and especially as the connection had not extended over more than 3 or 4 months, his client was very naturally deceived. Besides he should prove that In had refused to be married at Chester, where it would have been more convenient to himself, because hs would have been required to have stated an oath that he had resided there for 15 days, which he re- fused to do, saying that he would not take a false oath for any wife whatever. He maintained that if he should be able to prove these assertions, he hoped the Court would hesitate before the branded his client as a felon for a statement, the untruth of which he di 1 not know, nor was he in a position to know. After a m.)st feeling and eloquent address, Mr. Bretherton called Mr. James Davies, who said, I am the Parish Clerk of Grcsford Church, and I have known the defendant for the last two years. He bears a good character, and I have never heard anything to the contrary. He came to me on the 19th of December, and asked how he could obtain a marriage license, as he wanted to get married. He told me also that he had made an appli- cation in Chester, but was refused, because he could not swear that he had resided there for 15 days. He saic he could not swear that, nor would he if he were not married for the days of everlasting. I directed him to go to Mr. Cailliffe, Wroxiia,.ii, who was the nearest surrogate, and added, that there would be no difficulty in the way, providing that the lady was 21 years of age. His answer was that she was upwards of 21 years. He toll me to whom he was going to be married, but I mentioned the matter first. I also told him if she was not 22 years of age, it would be requi- site for her parents or guardians to be present when the license was obtained. Did not particularly men- tion this, but only in the way of conversation. Thomas Mottershea 1 on being sworn said: I am a cornfiictor, residing at Chester, and I know the defen- dent very well, and his character has always been very good. He came to m" in December, and told me that he intended getting married, but be did not mention to whom. I directed him to go to a friend of mine, Mr. Heppel, the law stationer. Mr Ileppcl asked him if he had resided 15 da\s' in Chester, an1 he sain, no. He told him that he v. mid have to swear that he had, upon (which the defen bat said he would not do so for the bst wite in the worhl. Mr. Thomas D. Samuels: I am an Innkeeper of this town, and have known the dc £ on.<Lmt for several Yt am past, and for three years he has put up at my iiou/e. He has always paid me uprightly and bears a good character, an(I I have never heard anythirg to the contrary. Mr. John Roberts, Inkeeper, Marford, Mr. Thomas Hughes, farmer, Rhos-robin, Mr. Thomas Williams, butcher and grazier, Gresford, and Mr. John Towler, farmer and cattle dealer, all spoke to the upright all spo k e to the u p rl0,,Iit character of the defendant, and to his straightforward conduct.—Mr Roberts, of Marford, stated that he men- tioned to him, in a casual conversation after their mar riage, and before the present proceedings were com- menced. that his wife was 22 years of age. Mr. Bretherton again addressed the Bench in favour of his client, and urged the justice of their dismissing th i case. Mr. Edgworth said that on the part of Mr. Davies, the father of the bride, he acquiesced in the remarks I' 1 made by Mr. Bretherton, and the feeling that any punishment inflicted upon Mr. Mercer would also fall upon his wife, had induced him to decline being the prosecutor, and he (Mr. Edgworth) would state that having narrowly watched the case, he had come to the opinion that no offence had been proved. The affidavit put in by the vicar did not include any statement till, in oath that Miss Davies was of age. The statement was in the introduction and description of the parties, and before the oath began, and in the case of the Queen v. Chapman, the point then went upon the residence, which was part of the rath and he was more con- firmed in this view from the fact of the act providing another and a separate remedy in cases where parties marry under age. The Magistrates' Clerk said It was but fair to state that the proceedings were at first originated by Mr. Davies, the father-in-law cf the defendant, who wrote a letter to the Archdeacon Wickham, complaining in strong terms against the marriage. Mr. Meredith then said, that he never hcaid a case more clearly proved than the ona which then occupied the attention of the court. The defence was only ex- culpatory, and he and his brother magistrate considered the case clearly proved. Committed for trial at the Assizes. Bail was then offered and accepted, Mercer himself in £ 200, and two sureties in £ 100 each—Mr. John Roberts, of Marford, and Mr. Spencer, gentle- man, ofHolt-hill, Tranmere. ADJOURNED MEETING OF THE LIGHTIXG INSPECTORS. An adjourned meeting of the Lighting Inspectors was held in their room at the Feathers Inn, on Mon- day morning last, in order to hear the opinion of Mr. Phipson, of London, on the questions submitted to him for his opinion in reference to their assuming the func- tion of a Nuisance Removal Board," and other mat- ters relating to that question. Mr. Buckton, who had been deputed by them to ob tain the opinion of counsel, read the document to the meeting. ?roin which it appeared that the Lighting In- spectors of Wrexham. not being Inspectors of Watch- ing as well. were incapacitated by an Act of Parlia- ment from constituting themselves into a Board, inas- much as they could not, as Lighting Inspectors solely, meddle with the rates for the purpose of defraying its expenses. The document was an elaborate one, and touched upon various questions, but the above was the primary one. On learnng this, the Inspectors unanimously dis- solved the Board, after agreeing to pay Mr. Buckton for his services. ANNUAL MEETING OF THE LIGHTING INSPECTORS. On Tuesday last, at 10 o'clock, the annual meeting of the Lighting Inspectors was held at the Feathers Inn, Wrexham, for the purpose of passing the accounts and granting money fur the ensuing year. Mr. Beale being appointed to the chair, Mr. S. T. Haugh, the se- cretary, then proceeded to produce the accounts, which were nearly all passed without eliciting any observa- tions. On Mr. Buckton's account for his recent ser- vices in the matter of the Nuisances Removal Commit- tee, and his obtaining the opinion of Mr. Phipson, be- ing brought forward,— Mr. Edgworth wished to he informed under what Act this item was authorised to be paid ? The item it- self could not be lcoall r charged on the ratepayers, and its insertioll in the accounts would cause confusion, and tend to bring them into a predicament. Besides, it was unjust to the ratepayers,—especially to the poor cottagers who contribute to this fund, to make them pay for charges not included in the Act. Mr. Baugh said that they did not propose doing so under any Act of Parliament, but from a precedent. Mr. Edgworth observed that the case referred to was not similar, and at all events it could nut be charged in opposition to tho Act. Mr. Baugh—Perhaps not, unless by a general meet- ing of the ratepayers. Mr. Beale expressed his surprise that the inspectors were not informed of this at the first. There were no less than four legal gentlemen present when the resolu- tion to employ Mr. Buckton was passed one of whom actually proposed it, and another b, ing in the chair; and yet nothing was said about the Act forbidding the payment. What were the Inspectors to do, when the doctors disagreed? The bill altogether amounted to and Mr. Baugh explained that it would be spread (jv ir the three townships-the Wrexham Regis portion being XIO 8s. Mr. Elgwortn again protested against the poor rate- payers being called upon to pay anything towards it. Mr. R. Clarke wished to say a few words to the meeting. He had collected the lighting-rate for six- teen years, and had never received a farthing for it, al- though he had to collect it off 1,500 persons. He thought some remuneration ought to be made to him. Mr. Knibbs proposed, and Mr. C. Richards seconded, that the accounts be now passed. Mr. Edgworth again warned the Inspectors not to pass Mr. Buckton's account, as it was decidedly il- legal. ton's account, aa it was decidedly it- Mr. Baugh said, such being the case, he had no objection to striking it out; so that the other items might pass. 0 Mr. Beale.—And what then ? It would be an ex- tremely hard case if the Inspectors should be mulct in this expense, when they did all the work for no- thing. Mr. Price Vaughan observed that it was very strange that Mr. James, being Chairman at the time, did not apprise the meeting of these particulars. Mr. Baugh suggested that the accounts be then passed without this item, which could be considered at a future time. Mr. Kiibbs.-What is the use of delaying it ? The question is simply who is to pay, the ratepayers or the Inspectors; and as it is an illegal item, the latter would have to pay Time will not alter this at all, and I am quite willing to pay my share of it. Mr. Beale said that the motion had been made and seconded, and wished to know if Mr. Edgworth in- tended to move an amendment. Mr. Edgworth said he did not, as it was quite unnecessary. The item was then struck out by the secretary, and the motion was then put and carried ntiin. eon. Mr. Baugh explained that Mr. Beale and Mr. Knibbs's term of office had expired, and that the meeting would have to appoint Inspectors in their stead. Mr. Edgworth proposed, and Mr. Brown seconded, that Mr. Beale be re-elected, which was carried. Mr. Hanmer, Coach and Horses, proposed, and Mr. C. Richards seconded, that Mr. Knibbs also be re- elected. Mr. Knibbs objected to his re-appointment, and then left the room. Mr. Baugh then stated that X250 would be requi- red for the ensuing year, which would be obtained by a rate of lOd. in the pound. Last year they had £ 94 in hand, and now they had only £ 9. They had been getting a stock of gas lamps in, larger and bet- ter than the old ones, which would be put up when required. Mr. Edgworth proposed, and Mr. Rowe seconded, that this sum be granted, which was resolved una- nimously. After a vote of thanks to the Chairman, the meeting broke up. ————— ADJOURNED VESTRY OF THE RATEPAYERS OF WREXHAM ABBOT. The adjourned meeting of the ratepayers of Wrex- ham Abbot took place on Tuesday last at 11 o'clock, at the Carnarvon Castle, for the purpose of considering the propriety of forming a committee to carry out the Nuisances Removal Act" in that township. On the motion of Mr. Buckton, seconded by Mr. M. Jones I },! r, E. Griffith, was appointed to the chair. Mr. Buckton then addressed the meeting at consid- erable length, questioning the legality of the vestry, and consequently its power to appoint a committee ac- cording to the act. lie quoted, Luinivy to Show that vestries could only be called by the churchwarden or wardens, and also that they could not convene one fur any part or a parish, such as a township, but only for the whole parisii. The present meeting was summoned by the overseers, aad therefore in this respect it was illegal, and he strongly urged the propriety of applying to counsel for advice, so as to enaolo them to proceed t f'" J. Iù b J on a certainty. This a d vice cou l d be procured for one gumea, with a £ 1 fur the agents fee, and he would therefore advise them to adjourn the meeting. After having read Mr. Phipson's opinion upon the case sub- mitted to him by the Inspectors of Lighting, but the same not having extended as to the stylo of vestry necessary for the formation of a Nuisances Removal Committee, and which he said was most desirable to be clearly understood he moved that this meeting be fur- ther adjourned to Wednesday, the 30th of January next, to afford Mr. Buckton an opportunity of again submitting the case to Mr. Phipson for his auswer to the 4th question put in the case and which solely refers to this point." Mr. King seconded the motion. The Chairman wished to make a few observations be- fore he put the moliou to the meeting. He said it was qlije clear to him that Mr. Phipson and Mr. Luuiley dif- fered on the subject of vestries, the former gentleman implying that a committee could be formed by a vestry meeting convened for a township, as indicated in the act. There was no occasion for hurry in the matter, aad per- haps it would be as well to let the affair stand over to the 25th of March, whey the committee could be appointed I in the regular way. It was no wonder that they differed among themselves when the law authorities themselves disagreed. Mr. Buckton replied that Mr. Phipson had not giveu any decided opinion on the point, and it was for the ex- press purpose of having it, tha; he had made his motion. Mr T. Williams rose to propose au ameudmeat to the effect that the meeting proceed at once with the appoint- ment of a committee. OiJC had been appointed on the Ileitis which was a more important township than the Abbot, and he saw no reason why the example should not be followed. As to the expense incurred by the pro- posed application for the opinion of counsel, he, as sur- veyor, would take care that not one farthing should be allowed towards it out of the highway rates, although if it were carried, and a subscription should be raised to de- fray expenses, he should have no objection to contribute his mite; but he did not see the necessiiv ot wasting ny more time. Mr. Price Vanghan wished to knew whether the com- mittee for the Regis was a lezal one or not ? Mr. Buckton said there could be no legal vestry ap- pointed for a township or for any part of a parish, but to be so it must represent the whole parish. Mr. Price Vaughan strongly objected to wasting any more money in obtaining counsel's opinion, as that very morning the vestry meeting at the Feathers Inll. had re- fused to allow the expenses out of the lighting rate. After a desultory conversation, in which J. P. Hughes, Mr King, and others took part, and no one seconding .Mr. Williams' amendment, the motion by Mr; Buckton I was carried by a majority of five, some of the ratepay- ers not voting for or agaiust. The meeting was therefore adjourned to the 30th inst.