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LITERARY EXTRACTS. I ¡ W ASRINGTON IILVINC, Ee a good man, my dear." One can't but think of these last words of the veteran Chief of Letters, who had tasted and tested the value of worldly success, admiration, prosperity. Was Irving not good, and, of his works, was not his life the best part? In his family, gentle, generous, good-humoured, affectionate, self-denying; in society, a delightful ex- ample of complete gentlemanhood; quite unspoiled by prosperity; never obsequious to the great (or, worse still, to the base and medn, as some public men are forc- ed to be in this and other countries); eager to acknow- ledge every contemporary's merit; always kind and affable with the young members of his calling; in his professional bargains and mercantile dealings delicately, honest and grateful; one of the most charming masters of our lighter language; the constant friend to us and our nation; to men of letters doubly dear, not for his wit and genius merely, but as an exemplar of goodness, probity, and pure-life :—I don't know what sort of tes- timonial will be raised to him in his own country, where generous and enthusiastic asknowledgment of American merits is never wanting: but Irving was in our service as well as theirs; and as they have placed a stone at Greenwich yonder in memory of that gallant young Bellst, who shared the perils and fate ot some of our Artie seamen, I would like to hear of some memorial raised by English writers and friends of letters in aftVc- tionate remembrance of the dear and good Washington Irving.-Cornhill Magazine, No. 2. AN ECCENTRIC LoltD.-Up early, preparing for our start, though the train docs not go till 9 30. Met Lord Mark Kerr, who is in command of Her Majesty's 13th Regiment here, at the railway side, for there is no sta- tion, and had a slight inspection of the regiment, which marched past, with band playing, as a little mark of at- tention, I conceive, towards Sir Robert Garrett. Lord Mark, faithful to his peculiar vestiary and sumptuary law and customs, had his head uncovered and his hair cut ahoit, the result of which was, that the sun had blis- tered his occiput severely. He wore his old Crimean blue stuff trousers, and long untanned leather riding- boots. Among the passengers were a number of soldiers going back to their duty at Cawnpove, one of whom had yellow cross-belts, ard seemed altogether, little as uni- form is regarded in India, very oddly dressed. Lord Mark saw him, dashed down the bank at him, and came back in a few minutes in a terrible rage. There what do you think, General, of the discipline these fine fellowB are kept in-one of our Highlanders, too. I asked that fellow Who he was, and what regiment he belonged to. And what do you think his answer was— his answer to me, sir ? hang me, sir, but the fellow turned round, stared at m?, and said, What the is that to ?" Did you ever hear such a thing ?" Well, what did you say 2" Say ? Why I told him who I was that I was colonel of the 13th Regiment, and officer in command of the station; and then the fellow saluted, begged my pardon, and said, He never would have thought it.' Lord Mark did not mark the irony of the soldier, which was certainly so far founded on fret, that it would have been difficult for any one to have di- vined that the person who stood before him, dressed as I have described, with the addition of a ragged tunic of red calico, wadded with cotton, was a colonel in the griny.-My.bi,zry in India. OUR COAL FIELDS.-In our own kingdom we are wonderfully favoured by the number and local distribu- tion of our coal fields. Furthest north we see the con- 1 Biderable deposits of Scotland extending from the coast of Fife to the valley in the Clyde. In England north of the Trent we have the coal fields of Northumberland and Durham, with Cumberland and those of Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, and Derbyshire. After these comes the large neld of Lancashire, or, as it is sometimes nam- ed, the Manchester coal field. Looking to the central districts, we see the coals of North and South Stafford- shire and of Leicestershire. In the north-west we have the field of North Wales; in the more central west the .deposits of the plain of Shrewsbury, Coalbiookdale, and the Clee Hills; and in the south-west we find the great coal neld of South Wales, and in the minor ones of the Forest of Dean, of Somerset shire, and of Gloucestershire. By the inspection of a good geological map we see how advantageously for commerce the beveral coal stores are Zistributud and they have exercised a greater influence upon the locality of men's residences than might at first be supposed. What has made for example, Newcastle- onTyne, Leeds, Manchester, Sheffield, Birmingham, and Glasgow what they are but contiguous coal fields? What has decided the locality of our vast factories and iron- works, but coal fields ? W hat has, therefore, determined the courses of our principal lines of railway ? Primarily our great coal fields. What has doomed some formerly populous and otherwise convenient and venerable cities to languor or decay ? What has retarded the increase of Salisbury, and. Winchester, and Canterbury-all cath- edral cities or towns, and all otherwise favourably sit- uated-what but the absence and distance of coal fields? What, lastly, is to determine the re-distribution of poli- tical power in our representative system, according to the scheme of Mr Bright ? Evidently the existence of coal, which attracts populations, concentrates industry, and must at length draw to the coal-bearing sites a nu. merical majority of the nation. Take a geological map of a new and thinly-populated country, and if it be marked by coal fields. The locality of future cities can be safely predicted from our own experience. Men and manufactories will follow coal. The two former are tho moveables, the latter is the fixed attraction.—Edinburgh Beview. ANECDOTE OF LOUIS XIV.—When Rudyerd's Eddy- stone was building, Louis XIV. was at war with Eng. land, and a French privateer took the men at wotk upoa the rock, and carried them to a French prison. When that monarch heard of it, he immediately ordered them to be released, and the captors to be put in their place declaring that, though at enmity with England, he was not at war with mankind. Extremes meet. The most gorgeous monarch in Europe and the plain Quaker of Liverpool had one point in common-they both agreed that the erection of a Lighthouse was a great c holy good, to serve and save humanity."— Cornhill Maga- zine, No. 2. LIGHTHOUSE EXPERIENCE.—Among the curiosities of lighthouse experience are these two. The one that it is an occupation in which the modern claim for feminine participation has been forestalled. There is at this mo- ment a woman light-keeper, and as she retains her em- ployment it may be inferred that she does her duty pro- perly. The other is an odd fact, namely, that so far back as the last century the rationale of the cod-liver oil fashioc was foreshadowed at the Smalls." As in the wool-combing distriet-i of Yorkshire, where the wool 18 dressed with oil, consumption and strumous affections of the like character are rare, so it is said that people going out to tho "Smalls" as keepers, thin, hectic, and -emaciated, have returned plump, jocund, and robust, on account of living in an unctuous atmosphere, where every breath was laden with whale oil, and every meal might be enriched with fish.-Cor)iltill Maqazitie, No. 2. SYREN MOTUEBS.—I remember, when I myself was meeting from thtf conduct of a young woman in-in a capital which is distinguished by a viceregal court -and from her heartlessneis, as well as that ef her relative, who I once thought would be my mother-in. law-shrieking out to a friend who happoned to be spouting some lines from TeDBysoo's Ulysses:—" By George i WnrringtoD, I have no doubt that w hen the young syrens set their green caps at the old Greek captain and his crew, waving and beckoning with white arms and glancing smiles, and wheedling him with their sweet pipes-I make no doubt, air, that the mother syrens where behind the rocks (with their dyed fronts and ckeeks painied,ito as to resist water) and calling out—' Now, Halcyon, wy chi!d from the Pirata! Now, Glaukopis, dear, look well at that old gentleman at the helm! Bathykolpos, love there's a sailor on the maintop, who will tumble right down into yonr lap if you beckon to him! Aud so on-and be on." And I laughed a wild shriek of dtspair. For I, too, have been on the dangerous island, and come away tnence, mad, furious, wanting a strait-waistcoat.—Cornhill Maga- zine, No. 2.

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