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<r. FOREIGN NEWS. -1 FRANCE. I THE POPE'S ENCYCLICAL LKTTER. — SL'PPSESSION  OF TIIE DNIVERS." | On Sunday the Untrcrs contained the encyclical letter of the Pope to the archbishops and bishops stating tho motives of his refusal to accept the ad. vice ut the Emperor to give up the Roina<i»a. The following is an extract;- W e cannot abdicate the said provinces without breaking solemn oaths with- out exciting compI.iinU and insurrection in the re- lnainiler of our States; without weakening the right; of Italian Pritieos un justly despoiled of their dominions, and all princes throughout the Christian world, who could not behold with indifference the i.vrodu<;tion of certain very pernicious princi- ples. His Majesty is well aware bv what men, what money, and what help revolt at Ravenna and Bolo- gna has been accomplished. Moved with that pa- ternal charity which commands us to watch over the eternal welfare of all, we have re- minded him that all must one day be called to strict account before Christ's tribunal, and that all, there- fore, must place their alliance more upon mercy than justice. The letter concludes by demanding the pmyen and the aid in every possible manner of the ecclesiastics to whom it is addressed. In the Umoers a typographical distinction in favour of the Pope as against the Emperor was sustained through- out But on Monday the Moniteur publishes a de- cree of the Emperor suppressing the Univers, and stating as reasons for this measure the irritating Controversy of this journal, by which religious opin- ion was-disconcerted, the country agitated, and the fundamental basis on which are established the re- lations between the church and civil society under- mined, this journal having further published doc- trines tending to resuscitate pretensions which the ancient French monarchy had always struggled against. FRANCE AND ROME. The Constitutionnel publishes an article signed by its chief editor M. Grandguillot, expressing regret that the Romish court is still bent under the influ- ence of Austria as before the war. Tne Pope hav- ing refased to follow the advice given by Napoleon III., the duty of France is fulfilled. The counsel of France will never be changed into menaces or com- pulsion. The injustice towards her is great, but it will never cause her to depart from her character of mo- deration and protection. France would, if neces- sary, still defend the Pope against' anarchy in Rome, but, should the political authority of the Holy Father be everywhere else doomed to experience another crisis, the responsibility would not fall on the generous nation who has done everything for warding it off, and who will always be ready to grant to the Pope that support and assistance which is misapprehended to-day. SAVOY. I The municipal elections have just taken place at Chambery. The ministerial journal presented a list of candidates opposed to the annexation of Savoy I' to France. The Courier of the Alps, a Conserva- tive paper, favourable to the annexation to France, proposed another list of candidates, which obtained two-thirds of the votes. The Governor of Cham- bery has declared that the Sardinian Government never had the intention of ceding Savoy to France. The following is a Berlin tele-ram: -It is asserted that the arrangement between France and Sardinia respecting the cession of Savoy was agreed upon previous to the war in Italy, and was to be executed in case Austria should entirely evacuate Italy. It was also agreed that Chablais, Faucigny, and Geneva should be ceded to Switzerland. n The statement made by a Prussian lithographic correspondent, that Prussia had agreed beforehand to the cession of Sa- voy and Nice, had been denied in reliable quarters. PIEDMONT AND LOMBARDY. I IMPORTANT CIRCULAR FROM COUNT CAVOUR. On the 27th of January, the minister for foreign I affairs forwarded a circular to the Sardinian am bas- sadors abroad on the question of Central Italy. In this circular Count Cavour observes that the in- habitants of Central Italy had accepted the congress with confidence, but important events followed which caused its adjournment The pamphletu Le Pape et le Congress" (of which, without seeking its authorship, no one can contest the importance), the letter of Napoleon III. to the Pope, the speech of the Queen ot England, and the speech of Lord Palmerston in the House of Commons, are facts which show the impossibility of the restoration of the ancient rule in Central Italy. It is certain that the Congress will not be assembled for the present. The governments of Central Italy have, under these circumstances, the important duty of giving satis- I faction to the legitimate requirements of the people whose dignity and conduct have so much astonished Europe. The government of Central Italy being satisfied on their part, wishes also to satisfy these provinces by proclaiming the law of Sardinia for political elections. For the present, only announcing these facts, Count Cavour concludes by recalling that he will never fail in his responsibility for the tran- quility of Europe and the pacification of Italy. The "Daily News" correspondent says.-Oul-ht Pied. mont-will she be able even to repudiate these new deputies ? I do not think she will; ber govern- ment does not think so either and this in,.Ist be the reason why the sitting accommodation in the Cham- ber, though ample hitherto, is being increased. The Marquis Massimo d'itzeirlio has been appointed Go- vernor of Milan. On the 22nd there was a demonstration in honour of Count Cavour. The society of workmen and that of students proceeded with colours flying and torches light to the Count's hotel. They there through a de- putation, presented to him an address praying to have the annexation as much as possible. The count did not appear in the balcony, but replied to the deputation in the following terms -I thank the young men of the university and my other fellow- citizens ibr this mark of kind feeling. I shall con- tinue to devote myself entirely to the cause of Italy and of our own nation. There are still many diffi- culties to overcome. Europe has her eyes on us, and unexpected obstacles may arise. But the common sense and patriotism of the Italian peo- ple allow the hope to be entertained that every e:n- barassment will be surmounted under the able direc- tion of King Victor Emmanuel. The Indipendente of Turin, which passes for being Count Cavour's jour- nal, says, in its number of the 23rd, that nothing now opposes the Prince of Carignan's assuming the Regency, It also urges King Victor Emmanuel to make a tour through Tuscany and the iEmilian provinces. Count Mamiani, Minister of public in- struction at Turin, has issued a circular to the mem- ber of the council of public instruction, announ cings that he will favour liberty of instruction dur'n<* his adminstration. One of the electoral sections of Milan has offered to return Farini, the Governor of iEmilia, for Milan. He has accepted the offer. The Sardinian troops at Brec- scia are reported to have received orders to be in readiness to march across thu Po, and form the left wing of the Northern Italian army at Rimini. A public ball was given on the 24th at Milan, for the relief of the emigrants from Venice and the other provinces of Italy subject to Austria. The sale of the tickets produced nearly a thousand pounds. Count Cavovr's visit to Paris has been temporarily postponed. CENTRAL ITALY. I Baron Ricasoli, in presenting flags to the national Guard of Florence, delivered a long address, in which he said:—We require great prudence and large forces to preserve our independence. A great deal remains to be done. The annexation of the provinces of Italy to Piedmont is necessary to guar. antee Italian nationality the defence of which has become a common duty. The Monitore Toscanno publishes an official explanation of the j reasons for the reserve manifested in the decree pro- claiming the Sardinian statutes in Tuscany. The Tuscan Government only intended to reserve the organic laws of Tuscany on freedom of commerce and industry, and some other special laws. The National Parliament will decide whether those are going to cease in Tuscany, or whether, on the con- trary, they are to be extended for the. common benefit. Letters from Florence state that the Car. dinal Archbishop of Pisa has yielded at last to the remonstrances of the Tuscan Government, and has substituted the name of King Victor Emanuel. for that of the grand duke in the prayer in the mass The Modena Gazette of the 20th publishes various decrees issued by Governor Farini, and countersign- ed by the Ministers. The decrees are worded ''During the reign of his MajestyVictor Emmanuel, the Governor of the Royal Provinces of Æmilia de- crees," &c. The first decree orders the promulga- tion of the electoral law of Sardinia. The number of deputies for the royal provinces of the xEmilia is to be 70, viz.Bolognal, 12; Ferrara, 7 Forli, 7 Massa and Carra, 4 Modena, 10 Parma, 8 Piaceaza, 7; Ravenna, 7 Regjjio 8. The second decree orders a new coinage, on the decimal system, to be struck; the silver coins to have the ettigy of King Victor Emmanuel on one side, and the Royal arms of Savoy on the reverse, with the following in- scriptioa; Dio protegge l'ltalia." THE PAPAL STATES I Letters from Rome describe the Pope as being as resolute as ever, and as resolved to be a martyr. It is said that his stiffed necked bigotry has upset all the calculations of his crafty advisers. Antonelli is powerful enough to banish the Liberals from court, but not the French, English, and German Ultra- montanists. It is from the sympathy of these that the Pope gathers streigth and enthusiasm. The fat, torpid, easy, worldly-minded Italian prelates are amazed and disconcerted by the rabid, indiscreet zeal of their Transalpini brethren.




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