TO A FRIEN D, I ON THE EVE OF HIS DEPARTURE FOR THE ANTITODES, (NEW ZEALAND.) Dear Tom, where'er thy feet may roam, Pursuing fortune's bail;" However far thy future home In lowly Cot or HIIll True weat, believe me, Tom, should be Thine own, could I fix fate's deerce. From those, together thrown by chance, We find it hard to sever; And backward cast a lingering glance, The last, perhaps, for ever But O how hard from those to part, twille(i themselves ,,ou.d the heart And other stars shine o'er thee, And gales eool'd by the southern pole, Blow o'er the scenes before thee,— True hearts there are in this far spot, By whom ti,ou'lt never be forgot. And thou, too, when thou'rt far away From Cambria's mountain's hoary, And vallevs green that deeds have seen, Long stampt in deathless story,— Wi] waft a sigh—a deep drawn sigh For friends afar, and days gone by! But hand about the parting cup, This hour is not far waiting: Fill up the goblet. briiiiii)ing up- Success attend thy sailing And may that distant fertile strand Trove to thee as a father land. Denbigh, Nov. 1850. GARMON.
ENGLYXION 0 GANMOLIAETH, ft Parch. J. n. OWEN, M.A., Offeiriad Rhyl, Swydd Flint, 1850. Hoyw, hofT, arael Offeiriad-gorcuwog I Gwr uniawn ci rodiad; Addas ei ymarweddiad, Dnvy wir ffydd Dofydd ei Dad. Un purwych ydyw'n parchedig—Owen 0 awpld brwdfrydig, I droi yr anghall, dall, dig, I..rodio'n auw)Tctlig. 0 dywyllwch y dcilliou-i arwain I oror angylion Ein llyw yw yn Haw Ion, A gynnal lferau gweinion. Ifor ydyw hyfrydawl-i waelion, O'i olud daearawl; Rhydd i'r noeth gyfoeth, a gwawl Y Baradwys ysprydawl. O'i ras liael, y rhoes wely—lioff ran deg, A phren dttr cadarngry':— A'i ddillad, i'w ddiwallu Yn hardd iawn, i Ilarri Ddu. Lhvyddc y byddo, wr boddiawl-'n y byd, A thraw i'r bedd angeuawl, Mewn gwynfyd a hyfrydhawl, 0 fwyniaut annherfynawl. Yno hoed a gwen bur—yn no Raw, Mewn lIefvcdd 0 gysur 111 eilio can uwchlaw cur, Bennodol, i'w Benadur. Y Rhvl ar ifn yr heli, yo Gyda dw'r fy magwyd i.—18.JU. UAHHI VDV.
AN ELEGY, To the Memory of the late ROBERT JcsEt, Parish Clerk, Llansannan the departed was an excellent elsh Bard, and well acquainted with the literature of AV ales. Bydd ——. Cnul byth acew'n ael y bedd. 41 There ever will be here the passing bell over the grave." L. MON. MESI R—" Calon Drom." Cnul y glocli ft gl) waf etto Dros y bryniau draw ) ii seinio, Adlais gotid bro fy nhadau Ar awelon teg y borau Cyd-gyhoeddant destyn galar Sef trist enyd rhoi bardd diwyd i bridd daiar, Fwyllus un, a chraff ei synwyr, Etto'n ocriidd at ei lwydaid(i f,,trivol frodyr! Llawer o brydyddion dyddan Llawn o synwyr fu'n Llansannan, Tudur Aled tad yr eilwyr *Gruff) (ld hefyd hygraff ddifyr Ond y rywiog dyner Awen Huna'n dawel a diorchudd dan dywarclien Ac fel hwjthau cyrchwyd isod Kobert hywel yn dyn dayvel o dan dywod Ni bu eiioed ci well am englyn, Mwyn ei nodwedd mewn muriydyn Ac am noddi'r cvnghaneddion Yn ei ddydd, fe 'fu yn ffyddlon Am wir aecen Unodl Grwcca, 0'1' beirdd eyhoedd puraf ytoedd a'r parotta'- Ond yn inch i'w fwyn gynghancdd, Mae ei mheistr haclwr difyr ar lawr dufedd! Hir y bu yn wasanaethydd Yn y plwyf fel gwylaidd glochydd; Wrth yr allor bu'n priodi Llawer o icucngctyd heini'— Minau a fy mhriod fwyngu Wnacth ar arfod mewn cul amod ein colymu Ond yn iach ei welcd mwyacli, Ar un tymhor wrth yr allor mewn nerth holliach nu yn hebrwng cannocdd hefyd, 0'1' plwyfolion i'r oer weryd Ac yn mhlith y marwol restrau, Fy anwylfwyn riaint inau! Cauodd arnynt yn y briddell, O! mor iselyn y dawel annedd dywcll! Yntau'i liunan ga'dd ei fwrw, Y bardd diail i wyll adail pridd a Uudw! Yn iach ei wel'd yn :l:hy'n yn y Fonwent.f Yn dilyn tuedd liotf ei dalent! Yn iach am bennill i'm difyrru, Oan ei aweii byth ond hyny! Dan yr Ywen werdd mae'n gorwedd, Dan ei changau yr affinau, oeraf annedd, Ac ar dnnau trisi fy nlielyn, Iddo'n ddiau o lef angau, eiliaf englyn. El FEDDARGRAFF. Bardd celfydd—llennydd (tillynwycli-man hon, I Mewn annedd ddilewych, A hunaO gywrcinwych, Wr a roed 0 dan oer rych! LORWERTII GLAN ALED. Y Rhyl, Rhagfyr 12fcd, 1850. Gruffydd Hiraethog. f Enw ei drigfan.
IiAEDDU TARW. I (Bull baiting.) See ho fawr; ys hwi, hwi fu ;—hei dewryn I lJarw, tan chwyrnu, Naid i gr. Y du 0 Rufain, i'w arafu. Terwynawl Tarw Nono,—o Rufain A rwyfodd i'n cornio 'fuches a dewr feichio, "Pier llaeth, i l'eiws a'r *llo." *C. WISEMAN. Yn ei ben fe rydd Sion Jlwl—y g«dwyn l'w gydio wrth stwtfwl, 1' snyffio a snaffwl A dul-bren ar ffulen Jticl. Dofir ei f'ugfileti dafod,-e (Ioleir Ei dalcen rliyw dtliwrnod f Rhitta, anuela ei nod, t Ritta Gator. I ddarnio'r Bull a'i ddyrnod. Ar lawr! hyro fawr, hwra fydd !—" teunyn" Tynner ei egwydydd, A rhoed, rhag myncd yn rhydd, Gwlwra traed wrth cu gilydd. Weithinn am waed o'i wythi,—a'i agor Ilyd eigion t rhedweli J Artery. Y Tarw 'nawr, torrwn ni Ei rodres, a'i fawrhydri. WISEMAX ei liunan ga'i haner,—(ameuthyn, Moethus, fydd ei fraster,) I'w giniaw, bob dydd Gwener: Rhaid rhannu, a gwerthu'r gwer. A'r croen du hyll i'r citn dad,—un eithaf I wneuthur cwfl A bad Ha! Nono Dab anynad Dyna yr S'ch dan ei tad. ROBYN v GYRRWF. Bangor, Rhagfyr 16eg, 1850. ROBYN l' GYRRWR.
ELLIS WYN, A'I GYWYDD I GLYNOG FAWR. Ellis Wyn hwylus aivenydd-i ti Rhoddwyd dawn ysblenydd Ac o anian dy gynydd-yn ddiau,' Buan o'th rinau doi'n ben athronydd. Can enwog gynhwynol—yw dy Gywydd, Da'i gwaist a nerthol; o deilanian mor gain, Bhwydd y cei (Varwain yn Fardd Cadeiriol. Yr oes hon dim ond tri sydd, Diarus doi'n bedwerydd. ri,Wyr 15. GWYODOH GLAN MBNAI. I
CONSECRATION OF THE BASILICA. AT MUNICH. (From a Correspondent of V Athenaeum,) The first stone of the Basilica of & Bonifazius was laid by King Ludwig in 1835, in celebration of his Suberno Hocla.-eit,-or the twenty-fifth anniversary of his marriage. It has taken fifteen years to complete and enrich it with 8tulptures, arabesques, frescoes, and carvjng in wood. Last week the rich gold and silver vessels, the gold and silver crucifixes, the altar-cloths and splendid robes for the priftsts, the embroidered banners and canopies, the velvet cushions, the gorgeous carpets, thrones, and required by the pomp of Catholic worship, were exhibited for three d.,?. in the church to the public, who streamed thither in crowds. To-day, was the consecration. This church may be considered unique being a revival of the Basilicas of the fifth and sixth centuries—a Roman hall of justice converted into a Christian temple. It is built entirely of beautiful dark red brick. Adjoining it, is the monastery of the Benedictine Monks, built also of brick, and with the same round-arched windows as the church,—of which, indeed, it seems a portion. A portico supported by eight noble limestone columns, runs along the front of the Basilica and three lofty doors, rich with emblematical carvings in wood and stone, lead into the church. The interior is divided in'.o five naves by sixty- four columns of gre)" marble, with exquisitely-sculptured white marble capitals and bases. Entering by the middle door, the lofty centre nave stretches away before the specta.tor,-an avenue of noble columns supporting upon rounded arches an expanse of wall glowing with arabesques and frescoes, and perforated by a long row of small round- topped windows, high up, and near the roof; which, after the manner of the old basilicas, exposes its beams and rafters to view, but gilt and ornamented, and glittering with stars on a deep azure ground. This centre nave terminates in a lofty semi-circular niche, wherein, ap- proached by a fiight of twelve steps, rises the high altar. On the wall above the high altar, on a gold ground, and divided from each other by the typical palm-tree, stand the first teachers of Christianity in Bavaria :-St. Boni. fazius, St. Benedict, St. Williband, St. Corbinian, St. Rupert, St. Gimmeran, St. Oman, andbt. Magnus, ADove them floats Christ, as the head and symbol ,of the Church triumphant,—surrounded by a glory of Cherubin and Seraphim, and with the Virgin and St. John the Baptist praying at his feet. Beneath the high altar and its flight of steps extends the erpyt. Two side altars terminate the ?ut,r naveB, -? the high alter the principal nave. Above 1eJ"l:ftr at: the ;'i: is \e;etr:l:bll'ec¿ifl g the homage of the lmtron saint of the Bavarian royal family; above the one on the left is the martyrdom of St. Stephen,-the most beautiful of all the frescoes in the Basilica,—the most beautiful, I am almost inclined to say, of all the frescoes in Munich. St. Stephen, with his meek, pale face, and with clasped hands, falls to the earth beneath the cruel stones of his assailants like a broken white lily. These altar-pieces are, together with the other frescoes in the Basilica, painted by Hess and his assistants, The history of St. Boniface, to whom the church is dedicated is told in a series of frescoes which extend along either side of the centre nave, above the noble columns of which I have spoken. There are twelve principal incidents from his life commencing with his reception as a child among the Benedictine monks, and his departure from England to Germany upon his perilous mission,—and ending with his martyrdom in Kriesland, and his burial in the Abbey of Fulda. The lesser events arc told in smaller desigUB alternating with the large frescoes,—and are painted in grey on a blue ground, so managed as to suggest sky. Many of these smaller designs are peculiarly beautiful. They are in octagonal compartments,—and arc surrounded by graceful arabesques of crimson, green, gold, and lilac, on a deep chocolate ground. Below the frescoes illustra- the of the life of S t. Boniface, is a series of medallion heads of the Popes; and above the frescoes, alternating with the round-arched windows, and painted on a gold ground, are groups of saints and martyrs who lived and suffered for the propagation of Christianity in Germany. The effect of this centre nave is that of a gorgeous solemn missal. The walls of the church are a mosaic of rich marbles: -dark greens-dull, ruddy browns and reds-and deli- cate greys and lilacs. Opposite the side altars, and to the right and left as you enter the church by the side doors, are two little chapels- the chapel for baptism and the chapel for burial. There are peculiar simplicity, so- lemnity, and dignity about the whole edifice. The ceremony of consecration was to commence, we understood, at half-past seven o'clock in the morning. Long streaks of golden and pale pink light from the newly- risen sun stretched athwart a sombre grey sky, as we set out towards the church, and wonderfully enhanced the beauty of the Piuacothk, which we passed on our way to the Basilica :the Basilica and the Convent attached to it being only separated by a wall from the beautiful white marble temple which faces the Glyptothek, and which is erected for the annual exhibition of paintings here. The streets were as yet almost vacant, although the bells of the Basilica now for the first time summoned the good citizens. As we turned, however, into the street in which the church stands, we were greeted by sounds of life. The burgher- guard, preceded by their band, marched along, and all the houses were festooned with moss garlands, gay flags, car- pets, and pictures hung out from the windows and bal- conies. Tall cedar-trees in tubs were placed within the portico of the Basilica, one on either side of the lotfyjearved doors. Few people, however, had as yet congregated. The citizen-guard stationed itself before the church with much parade and soon the crowd grew. A school of little girls, in white dresses, and each bearing her little nosegay in her hand, and a school of little boys, drew up on the steps of the portico. And now the Archbishop, in his purple robes, descended from his carriage,—was received by the priests,—was presented with the heavy golden key of the church,—and, beneath a crimson eanopy which was borne above him, blessed, anointed, and sprinkled with holy water the portal of t'e church, previous to entering it. People then crowded into the court-yard in which stood the church and the monastery, as well as the monks' garden with its long pleached alleys and flower-beds. And now, with crucifixes home aloft, and fluttering crimson banners,—with white and black robed priest and choristers chanting in loud voices from large missals wicli they bore before them,—with a train of emaciated young Singmeisters,—with the twelve Bene- dictine Brothers, in their long black gowns, with a pro- ccssion of magistrates and citizellR,-with the little boys and girls' schools, and all the scholars of the Latin school, arrayed in purple dress-coats with velvet collars, like a set of stunted little men,—came the Archbishop in his gorgeous white and golden robes, with his mitre on his helld. He walked beneath a canopy of gold and crimson, his vestments borne by attendant priests and with up- raised hand, on which glittered his large amethyst ring, and with muttering lips, blessed the church. This time the procession encircles the church now the Archbishop sprinkh's the walls with holy water from a silver vessel with a bunch of holy herbs,—now he sprinkles the multi- tude; the choristers sing,—the five bells of the Basilica, each bearing the name of a saint, and exquisitively east, peal from the belfry :-and the outer walls are con. secrated. But, for the unlucky public collected outside the church, there now commenced a most tedious time. For two mortal hours did they wait until the church doors should be flung open the only incident to beguile the cold and weariness being the arrival of a carriage full of cardinals in their violet robes, violet caps, white fur and fine linen, -and the constant, sudden and annoying charges of the stupid burgher-guard upon the patient crowd,: At length the huge doors were swung back, and in poured the multitude, met by a fragraiitbi-etitli of incense. The high alter glowed and glittered with its bevy of priests. At the foot of the twelve steps leading to it were placed crimson seats on either hand, on which was a small assemblage of gaily attired gentlemen,—a group of bright uniforms to the right, and the more soberly arraed me- gistracy to the left. The railing which inclosed the high altar, the flight of steps, and the seats, were decorated with moss and lovely greenhouse plants in full bloom. Tall laurels, myrtles, and orange-trees in huge tubs were arranged in rows on either side of the steps, and inter- spersed with lovely aloes and graceful palm-like plants, which drooped their tender fresh sprays with exquisite carelessness over the balustrades. Then commenced a bewildering succession of ceremonies, The Archbishop sprinkled the holy water,—anointed the walls, and candlesticks, the crucifixes, the gold and silver vessels, clianted and prostrated himself before the altir rows of priests, young and old, with burning tapers.as- cended and descended the steps; the Archbishop was robed and dis-robed sate upon a raised seat to the right of the altar, his head resplendent in his mitre, his ame- thyst ring sparkling on his gloved hand, his feet resting on a splendidly embroidered violet "arpet-the iour car- dinals, with long white and gold embroidered mantles covering their violet robes, kneeling around him, or seated upon low amber-coloured scats at his feet; priests knelt before him with their large open missals, out of which he chaiited the choristers responded now he blesses the great golden crucifix, -now the golden candlesticks of the high altar, and the altar itself; the candlesticks are borne hack to their place,—young priests put tall tapers into them one by one, the) are lighted, and the whole altar is consecrcted and arrayed. Gorgeous crimson carpets are unrolled and cover the steps; the little girls in white scatter their nosegays the bells peal out; the organ re- sounds through the vast church with its thrilling tones; the To Detim is sung: priests and people adore and the glorious sunshine pours in through the many windows, glitters on the golden walls, and lights up the marble columns, but sparkles with the greatest splendour on the bright fresh leaves of the laurel, orange, and myrtle trtes, Their leaves burn with such a magical brilliancy and freshness, that in comparison the gorgeous hues of the walls fade into an eaithly dimness. While the sunlight thus floods the centre aisle, leaving the rest of the church with its forest of columns, In a mysterious mistiness and gloom,—high mass is performed. As it terminates the distant sound of booming cannon is heard, mingling with the pealing organ and the ringing of the bells. The Archbishop is unrobed by his attendant priests, while the altar is covered with its fine white linen napkins. He descends the steps, and passes out of the consecrated Basilica, blessing the people :—and the cere- monies are at an end.
BUDDHIST WORSHIP IN CHINA. (From a Correspondent of the Atheiueum.) A few months ago, I sent you a description of the cele- brated Buddhist temple of Kon-Shang, near the city of Foo-chow-foo. In the provinces of Fokien and Cheki- ang, the Buddhists seem to have their stronghold. One sees temples on every hill side,-and large monasteries are also not unfrequent. Having occasion to take up my quarters for some time lately at one of these monas- teries, I was so much struck with the ceremonies of Budd- hist worship, that I carefully noted down the various forms of the principal daily service :-and now send my notes to you for the information, if not for the amuse- ment and instruction, of your readers. Anxious to see the whole of the service, I determined to be in good time :-so, took my station in one of the passages leading to the large temple a few minutes before the priests assembled. I had not been stationed long, before an old priest walked past me to a huge block of wood, carved in the form of a fish, which was slung from the roof of one of the passages. This he struck several times with a wooden lever,—and a loud hollow sound was given out which was heard over all the monastery. The large bronze bell in the belfry was now tolled three times; and the priests were observed coming from f.ll quarters, each having a yellow robe thrown over his left shoulder. At the same time, an old man was going round the monastery beating on a piece of square board to awake the priests who might be asleep, and to call the lazy ones to prayer. The temple to which the priests were hurrying, was a large building, fully 100 feet square. Its roof was about fiO feet in height,—and was supported by numerous mas- sive wooden pillars. Three large idols, the Past, the Present, and the Future--each at least 30 feet in height, stood in the middle of the temple. An altar was in front of them and more than a hundred hassocks were on the floor in front of the altar for the priests to kneel on during the service. Ranged on each side of this spacious hall, were numerous idols of a smaller size said to be the representatives of deified kings and other great men who had been remarkable for piety during their life time. Entering the temple with the priests, I observed a man lighting the candles placed upon the altar, and burning I incensc. The smoke of the incense as it arose in the air filled the place with a heavy yet pleasing perfume. A solemn stillness seemed to pervade the place. The priests came in one by one, in the most devout manner, scarcely lifting their eyes from the ground and arranged them- selves on the right and left sides of the altar, kneeling on the hassocks, and bending down lowly several times to the idols. Again the large bell tolled, slowly and so- lemnly at first, then gradually quicker and then every thing was perfectly still. The priests were now all assernbled-ahout eighty in number;—and the services of the temple began. I took a seat near the door and in order that, no part of the service might be omitted in this notice, took out my note- book to put down what I saw. The priest nearest to the altar now rang a small bell,—another struck a drum and the whole eighty bent down several times on their knees. One of them then struck a round piece of wood, rather larger than a man's skull, and hollow inside, alternately with a large bronze bell. At this stage of the ceremonies a voung priest stepped out from amongst the others,—and took his station directly in front of the altar, bowing lowly and repeatedly as he did so. Then the hymn of praise began. One of the priests, apparently the leader, kept time by beating upon the wooden skull just noticed,- and the whole of the others sang or chanted the scrviee in a most mournful key. At the commencement of the service, the priests who were ranged in front of the altar, half on the right side and half on the left, stood with their faces to the large images. Now, however, they suddenly wheeled round and faced each other. The chanting, which began slowly, increased in quickness as it went on, —and when at the quickest part suddenly stopped. All was then silent for a second or two. At last, a single voice was heard to chant a few notes by itselfand then the whole assembly joined, and went on as before. The young priest who had come out from amongst the others now took his station directly in front of the altar, but near the door of the temple,—and bowed lowly several times upon a cushion placed there for that purpose. He then walked up to the altar with slow and solemn steps took up a vessel which stood on it, and filled it with water. After making some crosses and gyrations with his hand, lie sprinkled a little of the water upon the table. When this was done, he poured a little from the vessel into a cup :-and retired slowly from the altar towards the door of the temple. Passing outside, he dipped his fingers in the water and sprinkled it on the top of a stone pillar which stood near the door. I could not help being par- ticularly struck with this part of the ceremony. It brought vividly to mind the following passage in the Book of Exodus And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood that is in the bason. And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever." While this was going oil, the other priests were still chanting the service. The time of the music frequently changed:—now it was fast and lively,-now slow and solcmn,-hut always in a plaintive key. This part of the service being ended, all bent lowly before the altar —and when they rose from their knees, a procession began. The priests on the right of the altar filed off to the right, and those on the left to the left each walking behind the other up the two sides of the spacious hall, and chanting as they went a low and solemn air,-time being kept by the tinkling of a small bell. When the two processions met at the farther end of the building, each wheeled round and returned in the same order as it came. The procession lasted for about five minutes :-and then the priests took up their stations in front of the altar, and the chanting went on as before. A minute or two after this the whole body fell upon their knees, and sang for a while in this posture. When they rose, those on the left sang a part of the service by themselves,—then knelt down. The right side now took up the chant,—and having performed their part, also knelt jown. The left side rose again and so they went on for ten minutes, prostrating them- selves alternately before the altar. The remainder of the service was nearly the same as that at the commencement, which I have already described. This striking ceremony had now lasted for about an hour. During the whole time a thick screen had been hanging down in front of the large door of the temple, to keep out the sun's rays. Just before the conclusion of the service the curtain was drawn aside :-and a most striking and curious effect was produced. Streams of ruddy light shot across the temple, —the candles on the altar appeared to burn dimly,—and the huge idols seemed more massive and strange than they had done before. One by one the priests slowly retired as solemnly as they came :-and apparently deeply impressed with the temple and the services in which they had been engaged. Prayers being ended, nearly all the priests adjourned to the refectory :—where dinner was served immediately. This is a large room furnished with a number of cross tables awl forms, and capable of dining at least 200 per- sons. The Buddhists eat no animal food but they manage to consume a very large quantity of rice and vegetables. I have been perfectly astonished at the quantity of rice eaten by one of these priests at one meal. And yet, generally, they look poor and emaciated beings :-which is probably owing as much to the sedentary lives which they lead as to the nature of their food.
THE REV. DR. M'NEILE AND TIIE ROMISII CONFESSION- Al.Oll Sunday, the 8th instant, the Rev. Dr. M'Neile, Canon of Chester, and incumbent of St. Paul's, Liverpool, preached a sermon on the difference between the" judg- ment of God and the judgment of In the progress of this discourse the Reverend Gentleman referred to the Ii confessional" as an organ used for U man's judgment of his fellow-man." He described in glowing and impas- sioned terms its whole catalogue of abominations, and then demanded in the name of justice and religion, the punishment of all priests who wielded so fearful an organ of spiritual tyranny. There might be many modes of punishment suggested, but the olil), one effectual for the purpose was death. "Many good and tender-hearted men," continued the Reverend Gentleman, "felt a preju- dice against capital punishment; but let them remember that banishment would only be to spread to our colonies and to other climes the pestilential influence." This sen- timent cauFed a marked sensation, and was much canvassed after the service. One gentleman wrote a letter imme- diately on reaching his house to demand a recantation of the sentiment. In the evening the Rev. Doctor did not prcach, but after the Creed he left his pew, and ascend- ing the reading desk, between the curate and the Rev. Mr. Minton, he thus addressed the congregation My Christian Friends,—I gcnerally address you from another placc, but must make an exception on this occasion. I desire to withdraw the atrocious sentiment which I uttered in the morning, I have withdrawn it before God, and now withdraw it before you. Those who heard me in the morning will understand my meaning; those who were not here will please not to trouble themselves about it." Ex- tempore preaching is "cry dangerous, since it Icads so good a man to uttersofearful a sentiment. The Rev. Gentleman who has thus tripped fills no ordinary situation in men's minds. He is a canon of the church, and a member of the council who, under the presidency of Lord Ashley, have assumed the responsibility of reforming the church and promoting the (in their minds) purest worship of God. No fewer than three additional chapels, In connection with the Roman Catholic Church, are in progress of erec- tion in Glasgow.
MISCELLANEOUS. I A HEALTHY RECREATION.-Amongst the peasant em- pi.N,.e.t. t.ii.ble f., il,e f?m.le .?., tl,?2 0iI Bowen stands conspicuous. The general superintendence of a garden has been iepeatcdlv found favourable to health, by leading to frequent exercise in the open air, and that communion with nature which is equally refreshing to the heart. The tending of flowers is a fitting care for the young and beautiful. They then dwell as it were, among their own emblems, and many a voice of wisdom breathes on the ear, from those brief blossoms to which they apportion the dew and the sunbeams.—Journal of In- dustry. MEN AND WOMEN.—Men love things, as facts, posses- sions, and estates; and women, persons and while a man regards only abstract scientific facts, a woman looks only at the person in whom they are embodied. Even in childhood the girl loves an imitation of humanity, her doll, and works for it: the boys gets a hobby-horse, or tools, and works with them. But the noblest quality wherewith nature has endowed woman for the good of the world is lovc-that love which seeks no sympathy and no return. The child is the object of love, and kisses, and watching and answers them only by complaints and anger; and the feeble creature that requires the most, repays the least. But the mother goes oil; her love only grows stronger, the greater the need, anJ the greater the unthankfulness of its object-and while fathers prefer the strongest of their children, the mother feels most love for the feeble and garrulous.—Eliza Ccok's Journal. LIFTING HEAVY PERSONS.—One of the most extraor- dinary pages in Sir David Brewster's letters on "Natural Magic," is an experiment in which a heavy man is raised with the greatest facility, when he is lifted up the instant that his own lungs, and those of the persons who raise him, are inflated with air. Th us, the heaviest person in the party lies down upon two chairs, his legs being snp- ported by one and his back by the other. Four persons, one at each leg and each shoulder, then try to raise him. The person to be raised gives two signals by clapping his hands. At the ifrst signal he himself and the four lifters begin to draw a long, full breath, and when the inhalatiou is completed, or the lungs filled, the second signal is given for raising the person from the chairs. To his surprise and that of his bearers, he rises with the greatest facility, as if he were no heavier than a feather THE HOT BATH.—The hot baths, directly and in a very limited time, raise the temperature of the body, in- crease the circulation, cause a general glow over the sur- face, and tiltirnatel)- induce profuse perspiration. The temperature should be moderate upon entering the bath, and afterwards gradually raised. Upon the incipient symptoms of cold presenting themselves, a timely evening warm bath has frequently banished the threatening enemy. It is emphatically the friend of the rheumatic," and gives relief when all other means deny it. No bath is more eminently cleansing than the warm bath of 96 de- grees. It relaxes the whole cutaneous surface, and tho- roughly purifies the body. The delights thus experienced are not easily described; but when they are felt, not merely at the time, but for days after, more could not be said in their praise. Every one with any regard for a sound body, and desirous of bodily sensations ever agree- able, will freely partake of this luxury. ENGLAND'S PRIME %IINISTI-R.-The Johit Bull gives the following character to Lord John Russell: —"A Protestant in London, and a Papist at Dublin-a 'Puseyite' in Belgravia, and a Presbyterian at Crathie— a Christian at Chcsham-place, and a quasi-Shylock in the City-a Gallio in the House, and a Julian Apostate in Doivniiig-strect- such is ttig chameleon of a man to whose safe keeping the honour and the principles of this great country are at present entrusted. Compared to him, Proteus is a pattern of simplicity, lartuffe a specimen of guileless innoeence." THE lIIE FOR THE TIMES.—We :like an active man, who has the impulse of the age—of the steam-engine in him. A lazv, plodding, snail-paced chap might have got on in the world fifty years ago, but he won't do these times. We live in an age of quick ideas men think quick-speak quick—eat, sleep, marry, and die quick— and slow coaches ain't tolerated. Go a-head, if you burst your boiler!" is the motto of the age; and he suc- ceeds in every line of business, who has most of the snapping turtle in him "be up and dressed" always- not gaping and rubbing your eyes, as if you were half asleep, but wide awake for whatever may turn up, and you may be somebody before you die. Think, plan, reflect as much as you please before you act; but think quickly and closely, and when you have fixed your eyes on an object, spring to the mark at once. -Califomia Paper. THE KIIW OF DENMARK AND His Wivrs.-A letter from Hamburg, dated the 5th instant, contains the fol- lowing :-The latest news from Copenhagen is of the 1st Instant. According to a rumour circulating in the capital at that date, and in which there is reason for believing the king had resolved to separate from Madame Rasinussen, the mistress whom lie lately married and ennobled. The motives which may have led to this resolution are but vaguely understood. Should it be realized, Madame Ras- musscn wilt make the third legitimate wife from whom the king will have separated within a few years. The first was daughter of the late king, his uncle, Frederick "1. the scond a Mecklenburg princess; the third, as every one knows, was one of the ballet corps at the Copenhagen opera. As the price of this matrimonial rupture, the Countess Rasmussen, is to receive ail annuity of 1.2,000 dollars besides apanages. SINGULAR ACCIDENT AND CIIII i,, F.Cr.-The fol- lowing account of an extiaordinary cure is given in the Union Uidieale.—Phineas Gage, aged 25, employed in the construction of a railway, was engaged in charging a hole made in a rock with powder, in order to blast it, when, supposing that the powder had become mixed with sand, he stired it up with a long iron rod. An explosion instantly took place, and the bar was driven completely through the head of the man, and fell at a short distance from him covered with blood and part of his brain. The iron rod weighed about six pounds, was thirty-four inches in length, and about an inch thick. It entered the left angle of the lower jaw, and came out at the top of the head behind the bone of the forehead. The wounded man was knocked down with the blow, but immediately rose again, spoke to the persons around him, got up into a cart in which he kept standing while it was being driven for more than a mile to an inn, where he alighted and ascended a long staircase, and went to bd in the possession of his mental faculties. A surgeon arrived in half au hour after the accident. The upper part ot the head was extensively fractured, and the wound at the side of the jaw was large enough to admit the finger. The small pieces of the skull were removed, the larger bones adjusted, and the wounds dressed. We shall not enter into the details of this interesting case, but mercly say that the patient promptly recovered with the loss only ot the sight of the left eye." FATAl, ACCIDENT AT HULL.-Oll Sunday night at the March of Intellect Tavern, Waterworks-street, two or three friends had taken tea with Mrs. All, a (wife of the landlord of the house), and they were all seated afterwards round the fire in the drawing-room, when Mrs. Allen, who had left the room for a lew moments, returned with a pistol in her hand, and said, "Now we will have a bit of fun" At the same instant she presented the weapon at the head of a young woman named Anne Freeman, of very respectable connexions, and pulled the trigger, when the pistol immediately went off, and the contents took effect in the forehead of the unfortunate girl, who sank down ill a state of illSensibilily and expired in tile course ot a few hours. The unwitting cause of the catastrophe, as soon as she perceived that her friend was wounded, fainted and had a succession of tits, which prevented her attendance at the inquest held this afternoon before Mr. Thorny, coroner. From the evidence there given it ap- peared that Mr. Allen had pnrchased a brace of pistols a day or two previously, and his wife and he had amused themselves snapping percussion caps at each other. On the day before the fatal occurrence, however, Mr. Allen had loaded both the pistols with ball, neglecting to iiif(irni his wife and had locked them up 111 a drawer, of which she on Sunday happened to have the key. All the cir- cumstances of the case pointed to accident as the cause of the fatality.and the jury took this view of it in their ver- diet. The melancholy character ot the whole affair is heightened by the fact that the poor girl was betrothed to the brother of Mr. Allen, who was m the room at the moment of the accident, together with a married sister of the deceased. I ROMANCE IN REAL LirE-A short time since while Mr J. Bruce, agent to the Sundertand?ater Company, ? collecting the water rents from the poor inhabitants ?t the east e? of the town, he accidentally fell in with a noor old widow, between 60 and 70 years of age, who has followed the profession of a midwife amongst the poorer 'nut of the population for Mverat years. The old lady wke in a strong Scottish dialect, and, entering into con ?io?vi.h her, he found her to belong to a part of Scotland with which he was well acquainted, and that she was a member of a highly respectable family m the neighbourhood of Glasw, which she had left about 40 years ago. He then informed her to her great smprise that a rich relation had left her tilo sum of £ .>00 about 20 years ago, and that her family for a long time, believing tier to be dead, had often tried to obtain her share of the cadI but without success, The uld lady was perfectly as- tonished on hearing the good news, and she offered to give Mr. "?100 if he could get her the ?of'he cash, but the offer was honouraMv refused by ',hltMnt!eman who said he wouht do all in his power to assist the old lady, and only charge his expenses. He ac- cordingly wrote to the Procura or Fiscal of Glasgow, and received an answer that the £;;00 was still lying unelaim- 'v lan answer that the JE. ed, 3fr. Bruce, accompanied by the old ladj, proceeded to Glasgow, and, having proved her claim before the pro- per authorities, she received a portion of the money. As soon a8 the legal formalities are gone through the fortu- nate old lady (who h., again returned to Sunderland) will receive the whole of the £000.
PAPAL AGGRESSIONS. THE DEANRY OF DYFFRYN C'LWYD. At a Ruri-decanial Chapter of the Clergy of the Deanery of Dyffryn Clwyd, held on the 5th of Decem- ber, 1830, the following address to the Lord Bishop of Bangor was proposed and adopted and forwarded to his Lordship, together witli one from the Clergy and the inhabitants to her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen. "To the Right Reverend Father in God. Christo- pher, by divine permission, Lord Bishop of Bangor. May it please your Lordship, We, the Clergy of the Rural Deanery of Dyffryn Clwyd, in the County of Denbigh, and Diocese of Bangor, approach your Lordship with the highest 1 feelings of veneration and respect, under circiim- stanes of more than common interest to the purity and privileges of the Church of England. "We are convinced that it is a true branch of the, Catholic Church of Christ, and we recognize no other but your Lordship as having Episcopal jurisdiction over the Diocese in which we pre Ministers, being persuaded that you be truly called to this miiiitra- tion according to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the order of this realm.' We therefore view with feelings of deep indigna- tion and alarm, the recent arrogant assumption of the Bishop of Rome, in dividing this kingdom into several dioceses, and, by a pretended spiritual authority, ap- pointing Bishops to the same. We express our firm conviction that this act is not only a schismatic invasion of the jurisdiction of our own Bishops, for which we find no authority in the: history of the Universal Church, but also a violation of the prerogative of the Sovereign, and an evasion of the statute law of the land. We, therefore, earnestly entreat your Lordship, together with your Right Re- verend Brethren, to resist this unwarrantable aggres- sion upon the spiritual independence of the Church of England. We are thankful to God for the inestimable bles- sings of the Reformation, and adhere to the 'protest' then made, which, while it eparates us from the cor- ruptions and superstitions of the Church of Rome, preserves to us the doctnncs and discipline of the Church of Christ. And we pray your Lordship to give your support to any measure which may either restore to our Church her synodical privileges, in a form so modified as to meet the change of times or obtain for her such a tribunal .of final judgment in all cases of false doctrine, heresy and schism, as shall contain within it a due representation of her spiritual rights and interests, and preserve inviolate both her doctrines and her discipline. Impressed with the same conviction of this Papal intrusion, the inhabitants of our several Parishes have united with us in an humble address to her Gracious Majesty the Queen, which we forward herewith to be presented to her Majesty, in such form and manner as may meet your Lordship's judgment. And we earnestly pray to God, that the voice of the nation now so londly uttered, may be graciousfy received at the royal throne, and that your Lordship may long be spared to preside over us, to witness our triumph over this and every other evil, that may in- vade the purity and peace of our Reformed and Ca- tholic Church." Ven. Archdeacon Newcome. Rev. R. Howard, D.D. Edward Thelwall. John Jones, Llangahafal, Ruthin. „ Lloyd Roberts, Llangnvyfan, Denbigh. James Jones, Llandyrnog, Denbigh. John Griffith, Llanynys, Ruthin. „ William Williams, Llanychan, Ruthin. Thomas Hughes, Clocaenog, Ruthin. John Davies, Derwen, Ruthin. „ E. J. Owen, Llanfair, Ruthin. Robert Roberts, Llanelidan, Ruthin. „ David Roberts, ditto, Ruthin. „ John Morgan, Llanrliaiadr, Denbigh. Evan Jones, Fir Grove, Ruthin. „ G. Llovd Roberts, Cefn Coch, Ruthin. „ Edward T. Evans, Curate, Ruthin. E. L. Barnwell, Rtithin. THE BISHOP'S REPLY. "Bangor, Dec. 12th, 1850. "Rev. and dear Sir,-l have received with great satisfaction the address which you and the Clergy of the Deanery of Dyffryn Clwyd have presented to ine, expressing the feelings of indignation with which you view the aggression that has been recently made by the Bishop of Rome on the honour and independence of the rea!m, the spiritual c h aracter and the very cxis- of our Church, and ':tit:I1 :¡íi;sesd prerogative of our Sovereign. In my replies to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Bangor and the Deanery of Arustley, I have stated my opinion of this proceeding, and of the circnm- stances which had the chief weight in determining that Prelace to this assumption of authority. I need not, therefore, trouble you with repeating sentiments which are already well known to you, and to the rest of my reverend brethren. ? shall be ready to concur in any wen-timed and judicious measures which may be submitted to Parlia- ment, to remedy the mischiefs which this act of tho; Roman Pontiff was intended to work, and to guard against similar encroachments in future—such a mea- sure the voice of the country seems to demand from her Majesty's confidential advisers and it is a debt which, after the policy which they have been pursu- ing, you will probably think that they owe to the co'l"'r I ?.]], agree with yon in thinking it requisite that a more competent co,i?t of Appeal should be appointed in such ecclesiastical causes as involves questions of doctrine. A Bill to this effect was, as you know, re- jected on the motion for a second reading, by a majo- rity in the House of Lords. But the turn which the debate took seemed to intimate that some of the oppo- nents of that Bill, not only disapproved of its particu- lar provisions, but were prepared to resist any other measure having the same object. But the incompe- tency of a tribunal constituted as the present Court of Appeal is, to decide on such questions, is prim" facie so daring, that I can scarcely persuade myself tholt its continuing to discharge what its members must feel to be an onerous and irksome duty, can any longer be defended. It has been asserted indeed that the Bill of last Session was an invasion of the royal supremacy. That it may be so technically and in legal construction I will not venture to deny. But that it was reallyop- posed to the Royal Supiemacy, that it trenched in any respect on the rights and prerogatives and constitu- tional authority of our Sovereign, is what the most tenacious Crown Lawyer will not, I presume, under- take to afifrm. It is, at the utmost, one of those arti- ficial impediments to the progress of a Bill, which are moved again and again in every Session of Parlia- ment. "The other subject to which you call my attention, the revival of the convocation or synod as a deliberat- ing and legislative body, invites questions of much doubt and difficulty. I feel, as we all must, the incon- veniences and hardships of our present situation, and the anomalous case ot a Church, debarred irom me exercis, ofits inherent pridleges of dealing with ques- tions of doctrine, and making provision for its inter- regulations and discipline, without the interference of the civil Legislature. But, waving all other consi- derations. it may well be doubted how far the Lower House of convocation, as at present constituted, is either a fair or an adequate representation of the Clergy or of the Church and whether in the present state of excitement its members will assemble 111 such a temper as is likely to promote the peace and ?el. fare of the Church, and to settle its =iiie diff?r- ences an d div i sions in a sat i s factory manner. "1 d aware that doubts of this kind are often treated as signs of timidity and time-serving policy. But I shall not be deterred by such censures either from expressing my opinion, or from acting, should occasion require, on my own judgment and responsi- bility. I join with you most heartily in the prayer which you put up to the throne of Grace and I am confi- dent that you will 'be ready with all faithful diligence to banish and drive away all erroneous and strange doctrines, contrary to God's word,' and that you will of that ability which God has given you,' maintain unimpaired the doctrine and polity of our Reformed and Apostolical branch of the Church of Christ. I remain, reverend and dear brethren, Your affectionate and faithful friend and servant, C. B\G01L" The Rev. Dr. Howard, R.D., and the Clergy of the Deanery of Dyffryn Clwyd." ADDRESS TO THE QUEEN. "To the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, We, the Archdeacon, Rural Dean, C'erY, Church- wardens, and Inhabitants of the several parishes in the Rural Deanery of Dyffryn Clwyd, in the Diocese of Bangor, and county of Denbigh, humbly approach your Majesty with every feeling of loyalty, an a full confidence that your Majesty will graciously grant your attention to the important subject which it is our duty to bring under your Majesty's consideration. The recent arrogant and schismatice.1 aggression of the Bishop of Rome, in tubdividing the kingdom into several dioceses, by his own authority, appointing bishopi to the same, has filled us with distress and alarm; and believing the Church of England is a, branch of that pure and Apostolic Church planw?r Christ on earth, we hold, both in COlhClence an r: I that no foreign prince or prelate hath oroti^M have any power, superiority, pre-eininencc oriLi, ritv, ecclesiastical or spiritual, in this r(a!m off gland." We therefore earnestly entreat your Ms; to put all the force of existing laws into (i]icratio- j' resist the presumptuous intrusion, and 5 found inefficient, to concur with the other brancL the legislature, in passing such further enictiin.mi shall protect us from every future usurpation 0f:I" spiritual rights which have belonged to uur th, from the Apostolic age. Warmly embracing th" raluahle privilege -et^.7' to this kingdom by the b)e-.sed Ketor!;?ti.;n ￼ adopting the spirit of the protest then n.ad?.t.??.?' errors and "ierstitioiis of a cQrrupt communiric which thc appellation of Protestant" was nn¡.x' our branch o ? the Holy Catholic Church, we h?.' supplicte your Iajc'ty to exercise the high d^.tie respomihmties of that supremacy with %?i,ich '> Christ, your Majesty is invested, in repeliin, every future aggression of the Church nt'R?/' get her with all the eornlption aud ótnd superst: ,t.. she maintain, which, being built upon the tr,d' of men, have no warrant or authority in th, word of God. And, as it is by God that kings reign and Ir;n, decree justice, we humbly implore the :\lmigh,: eranttoyour?fHJe.-ty't).espintot'?h?,m,,?'; d.erstandmg-the spirit It counsel and miyht— rit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord I;" having faithfully defended the ('11 h ,f fhn.!?' all the difficulties and .(Ia:),,ers 0 ilcr your Majesty may receive a reward in the gl, 1 a heavenly crown."
PAPAL AGGRESSION*. l.ETTER I. SIR,— The Papal RuH i,ed on the 2!:1: of ber, 15), opens with this lofty ,i??itilip!ion power of governing the universal Church. entrmte'i'r our Lord Jesus Christ to the Homan f'on'.iffjr.]. person ?f St Ile t,t lie 1)?-itic,, ,t' the I; Now if it can be proved hyondthe po',ihI1ityvil.\J: I that the power claimed m the above quot?tio, never •' entni?;ted by ou L'm! Je<u< Chist', Peter, it will necessarily follow that to his as such, it cannot appertain. In this letter I wiilV] deavour to show that" the power of governor; universal Church never v..i-entntsted" to any «« the Apostles. The Evangelists, Matthew. Mark.i; Luke inform us that thore were frequent dk.i;rl among the disciples which of them should be ;V" greatest." Now, I would ask. does not the ence of these disputes prove beyond a dO'lk ihwh disciples knew nothing of the supremacy of ^t. P^r The esta,hhshment of St. Peter s 'upremacy irouldhr; neeessanly prall/ded all dispute. At It'nth the r. 'v was laid before our BJ"e1 Saviour; ad hOlr d: dispose of it Did he vimiieate any supremacy arao; the disciples The occasion surely fl<a ment of the dispute. Thus, the wr)" question tw: now in dispute between its and the Romanists. proposed to Jesus Christ eighteen centuriesag -nji how did he settle it Did he proclaim the supremac y St. Peter, or of any other Apo<tle! No such thing; h: he checked, in the most emphatic manner, every d«re of supremacy manifested in the strife of his dhcirife tv calling unto him a little child andsettiiighimintnen iw of them. and saying unto than, •• Verily I savunf.y^. except ye be converted, and become as little è" yc shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. Why soever therefore shall humble himself as this br child, the same is the greatest in the kin: f heaven. And on another occasion, when Salome ir sought him on behalf of her two sons, that one úÎtt:f::J might sit on his right hand and the other on hi- V- hand in his kingdom, and when, in consequence. .r.- ten were moved with indignation against tk: I)retlircii. what were the remarkable word s of CL- Blessed Lord! They were tliese-u-ords, in my ta- rnation, well calculated to preclude for ever all ideacf a supremacy among the disciples and their followers. Ye know that the princes of the gentiles ex;• dominion over them, and tliev that are great extr, authority over them. Bllt it Anil not be toaimt} y:; but whosoever will be great among you, let hia: i: vour minister: and whosoever will be chief aIL"; you. let him be your servant." When thequtffl: was about pre-eminence in the kingdom of We: and when our Lord actually spoke ot the pri_Kcesof:^ gentiles, is it not very strange, if the pretensions of:t Roman Pontiff be admitted, that he did not say c; word of" the prince of the Apostle.s!" Many otie: portions of Holy Scripture might he advanta^eou-! pressed into the service of the above argument, but: two alread y advanced appear to me to be amply ficient to prove, beyond a doubt, that the pO"H :I governing the universal Church was never cntrestn; either to St. Peter or to any other Apostle, and there- fore, according to the argument of the themselves, cannot bt'Ionir to the Houlan Ion;?- whom they deem the successors ot St. Peter. But it may be necessary to refer very hnefivto tK famous passage on which the Romanists chilli the supremacy of St, Peter. Thou art Peter, andta this rock I will build my Church. W hoever wit) uK the trouble of consulting this passage in the onpw will immediately find that the same word is not usei!1' Peter and for )-ocl, Were the interpretation ot M Romanists the correct one. the same word would he repeated—whereas that is not the case. L* word first used is prtrii*. a stone or a piece ot a rib- and the word in the next clause is pelra, a rm: aw the exact translation i,, thou art a stoue or a pI"; "t a rock, and on this roelc I will build my Church,—tt.n art a portion of the college ot Apostles: and on —e foundation of Apostles and prophets' 1 will buildc-y Church." Were the Romanists' interpretation comi what would become of the assertion of St. I)iitil: "I ot her foundation can no man lay than that is which is Jesus Christ." Thus it manifest that the universal power over the Christ claimed by the Bishop of Koine. h»- no tion in holy writ. In my next, I shall endeaioi.r. prove that it has as little eountenance in the crrNO\ the earlv Church as it seems to have in the Testament. Yours. iVe. I'lirsBVTEF'
WARNING TO HER MAIF.VI'Y s MINUTER? LORD LLDO'S IJHt:lIlfTIOS IS IS:?9. OS T!![ TII: RI..MHM; OK Till: ROMAN O.TIIOUC RFI H'F Bllt. 11 _:11", The following predictions ot this vencrame pi«»- Church and State were at the time sneered at, a' £ senile ami etfete expressions of a bigotted 0Ct°S:f':?: rian. What a lesson has he left to those who no* the rudclu-of state in their hands I know, that sooner or later, this Bill turn the Aristocracy and tl,,o have stated is my notion of the blishment. Have they 110 Roman ( bishop., for every Catholic deans for every Protestant dean Did the Roman Catholic ecclesiastics dispute Henry \'nt.m (lefeiic 0 ) t I,e P,,r? ? and in Marys time were not the taw?anect'n?' Homan Cliholics repealed, tothythpaothnn'' d parliament, but throuh t?? influence ft the '? ? fpg.tte.'And e?,eii t]? *)" s?il,ipre?? these K01 a- C?ltll()Iics w h o utter t l ios e trt,aQott?t b l,. a ￼ Catholics who utter tho..L.?di-.?.-<,tr?'onaM. ab,¡. minab?, and detestable s)).c))c?.<)!))er?'t?? who will utter speeches iiioi-o iii?ire abl?- minable, and more Ietestal)l(,. N' Catholic ,-ouhl or <lid look for I ss than a (,¡- tholic ￼ </<o?c A;t!</?M???MmMMC?</?'i'<:r?nM"?"?, lordships might flatter thems,'hes that rhe dalfr:t h??,l anticipated were visionary, and God 'J he should say, that these w ho voted 'or the J"-j reading of the bill will not have done so eonscit ■ tiously, believing that no danger exists or can oe prehended from it. But in so voting, they had r, t that knowledge of the danger in which they IIf" tie paramount interests f this rr lacing the great, 'a ( r riot kii(i% I e( l ,,e of it' true testant state they ha, not knowledge of its trut' terests and situation which they ought to have. '[i. with whom we are ilealini) are ":0 /rai l/ to apprite yoJ by any indiscreet conduct if the danger to "'hici> 91,11 are exposed. When those dangers shall have arrm'> I shall have been consigned to the urn. the ulchre, and mortality; but that they will arrire I, hare rO more doubt than that I vet e t e. ist. > hear the words of a man who will soon be called to a" great account. God forbid.therefore, that I shou> raise my warning voice, did I not deem this measuri a breaeii of every notion thai I have of a civil tract-a breach of every ar(de of the constituuen, and contrary to the spirit of those oaths which I hale taken to my King, and to that Constitution. Pardon, my Lords, a man far advanced in years, who is willing to give up his existence to avert the dangers with which all he loves, all he reveres, are threatened. 1 solemly declare, that I had rather not be living to- morrow morning, than. on awaking, find that I had consented to that measure. Believing it, as I do, alter all the consideration which I have given it, to be an abrogation of all those laws w hich I deem to be ne- cessary to the safety of the Church —a violation those laws which I hold to he as m ccssary to the preser- vation vf the throne as of the Church, and as indispeif sable t-itie existence of the Lord., and Commons of th* realm, as to that of the King, and of our I,oly religiun, —feeling all this, I repeat, that I would rather cearf to exist, than, upon waking to-iiiorrow iiioil ing. titd that I had consented to a measure fraught with evi • so imminent and so deadly, and of which, had I n' solemnly expressed this, my humble but firm COil" tion, I should have been acting the part of a traitor ■ my country, my sovereign, and my God,"