SCRAPS AND SCRAPINGS. I If P. h rse is a screw, hiin that goes with it rnuat be screw-dri nr. If there is ahead in any town, there must be legs in it too. l'oor Amusement. —A railway fare. A down '(I'au;ht. drunkar,l's mouth. If you want to d. > away with candle burnings in churches snuff the person out, by letting him see empty pews and bare benches. It is said that the Ritualist are getting to a strange high pitch. Well, they arc, anti it's a great pity, we say, but what they had stuck in the pitch when they first started, and stopped there. A Lame Sale.Startiug with one, and breaking down with it. A small tr,.tdesaittn. -Him that gives folks their ha• porths. A smooth fhil. -noing out to sea in a butter-boat When does a man look sheepish ?-Wheu he's tleec'd.- Tom Trcddleboyle. LETTING THE NEW YEAR IN. I It's very right for folks to talk, and wish their neigh- boliti well, But not for them, when saying so, for no such wish to fed; And so it is when the new year comes, what fuss they make aud diu, When all the while their friendship's naught bUt-LET- TISH THE SEW YKktt IN. So they go on speaking ill, and speaking well of none, And everything they think is good, why. that they let alone; Thus, thus it is, you see it is, and such we call a sin For every time they are doing so, they re LETTING THE NEW YEAH IN. Then as to cheating and such tricks, they are) always trying on, And 3' they cannot just dudt sharp, then they think it long All'/when it's done, and sharp they think, they then turn gound and grin, Then wh it's all this we simply ask, but-LETTIXQ THE NEW YEAII IX. And next to it, arc them that spends their wages all in drink, And iut" debt run everywhere, and forced past folks to slink 'lost hnmef, ha! deary me, with the wife both And sucti lo?t honie4., ha! de,,try me, with the wife both Then is'nt it a sad disgrace? thus-LETTING THE OLD TZAR IN- Bairnsla Folks Annual. TIDE TABLE. Tne tide with some folks is always running in, and bearing something with it that is profitable; while with (itbers, it is for ever running out, without even so much as a spL.sh, of ought that is good to he felt about it. The tide everv Saturday night at working mens' houses is rolling in at all sides while nearly every other day in the week it's down at low water mark. The tide with some men in business runs higher and higher, while with others, it throws up npught but wreck and misfortune at their door. But the best of all is the Whitsuntide, hey, that's the tide if voulike, for it runs into every nook and corner of the laud and seems to bring up with every wave laughs Aud merry hearts,—Ilairnsla Folks AliiMinac/c- It was said of a cobler in the west country, that was a great singer, that what he shone most in, wassole-os. WANTED TO KliOW. I What sort of a clue it is as folks get hold of at times? What length the ends of justice are? Whether the thread of an argument be black, or white, or brown? Beer when its roapy whether it is jute or hemp I Those that spin a yarn whether it's lambs wool or W° Whether the River Plate be blue-edged or willow pat- tern ? Whether the minds eye be black or blue? Can any budy tell the exact size of a pice of a folly ? If a member of a board of health brings forward a motion and it ends in smoke, can he be summoned for a nuisance? Ingratitude. -Helping a bee out of a treacle pot and it St' 1U wheii does the mind work for cobblers?—When it waxes st ronger and stronger, A gift that often begets trouble.—The gift of the gab. Had nmrksiuen —Neighbours that can't hit it. Tom has a tree in his garden, that when the cherries in it are ripe, one of them will weigh more than a stone.
We (Times) understand the Admiralty have for some time past had under consideration the heavy expenies of the establishment of the island of Ascension, and that, owing to the reduction of the African squadron, it is very the Ascension establishment will, be- fore 101, be merely a depot for provisions and stores, with a small hospital establishment. TLIE M\NI'KAcruitE OF WATCHES AND CIOCKI. A most interesting and iustruetivo little work, describing briefly, but with great clearness, tne rise and progress of watch and clock making, has just been published by Mr J. W lJenson. of 2"). Old llond Street, 09, Westbourne Grove, and the City Steam Factory, 5H anll 60, Ludgate Hill. The book, which is profusely illustrated, gives a fun description of the various kinds of watches alld clocks, with their prices, aud no one should make a purchase with- out visiting the above establishments or consulting this truly valuable work. By its aid persous residing in any part of the United Kingdom, India, or the Colonies, are enaWld to select for themselves the watch best adapted for their use, and have it sent to thein with perfect safety. Sir Benson, who holds the appointment to the Prince of Wales, sends this pamphlet to any address on receipt of two postage stamps, and we cannot too strongly recom- mend it to the notice of intending purchaser. Ex rRACT OF IE T -o much having been written about cheau food for the people, It is scarcely necessary to draw atten- tion to th invaluable extract of meat by Luring s process, which first introduced as a medicinal agent, is now so extensively used in the kitchen We cannot imagine housekM.pers mking soup or beet ea by the old, tedious, and .xp.ns. method, while with tthinis s oe*xtur»acY t they can prepare SOUl e.pu ly nice and far lLor" ('i.etiull in a moment The genume extract h manufac- 3 lurea in nt ti orm O»Uu S iSies from cattle of nglish breed, on tfaee^Ub Uuaout ot&. looth *xi, o( )',lney, Australia, and h now so1d at a ras()nublo pril'e in jars with very convenient isnowsold atateasonah.e prlio j ) Tooth's eItract Sn^Wr^ .S!.manofno mea^ attainn.ents dccrlbe it as ex(iui3ite at the Såme time, it is aU approved by Dr W. II Miller, ot King's College, before being issued for sale. W. should recommend a trial of it. Messrs Coleman and Co., of lit. Mary-at-Hill, are the consignees, but It is sold in nearly every grocer's and chemist's «li p in town and country.-Tht Standard Sept, 2. 11 jF MINISTERS. I All ttiv ,.atera whose re-election was fixed for Mon- day were returned without opposition. The columns of the moruiug papers are tided with lengthy reports of the speeches delivered at the hustings. The election for the vacancy in the representation of the borough of Greenwich, created by Mr Gladstone's acceptance of the office of First Lord of the Treasury, was held on Thursday morning, on Blackheath, but owing to the extremely unfavourable aspect of the wea- ther, the attc-ndauce was comparatively Bcanty. No other candidate having been proposed, the returning officer at once declared the Right Hon. William Ewart Gladstone duly elected a burgess to serve in Parliament for the borough of Greenwich. M r Gladstone, who was loudly cheered on rising to return thanks, said :—Mr Returning Ufficer and Gentle- men,-It is usual for those who have received the high honour of being declared the representative of any por- tion of their countrymen, to discharge on the instant, as far as they are able, the duty of paying their acknow- ledgments to those who have returned them; and, in ordinary circumstances, gentlemen, that duty is not dif- ficult to discharge, because, after all, the representation of the people is not to be regarded so muctus unour conferred on the selected persons as it is to be looked on in the nature of a great trust to be exercised by the electors of this country for their own benefit, and for the benefit of the local community to which they belong, and above all, for the advantage of the country at large. (Cheers.) But in my case the circumstances are pecu- liar-I may say unexampled. You, in the first place, were pleased to adopt me as a candidate when it was totally impossible—I do not say to encourage you-but to pay you the slightest token of acknowledgment or respect by the utterance of a single word. You under- stood, gentlemen, that, engaged as I was elsewhere, if that contest were to be fought in earnest it would not be so fought except by devoting myself wholly to it, and by refusing to look at any other constituency, however great its claims, and however handsome and Belf-denying its conduct. (Cheers ) Yeu were pleased to prove to me that friend in need which, according to the old pro- verb, is the friend indeed — (laughter and cheers)—and your conduct on that occasion has made me and has left on my mind and heart an impression which can never be effaced. (Cheers) Now, the course taken by you at the last general election, and the course taken by the majority of the constituencies of this country, has had its results. You were appealed to, and the country was appealed to, on one of the clearest issues which ever was submitted to the people. It is true that thest issues were associated with the names of individuals, but those names were only symbols of the causes to which they were attached. You were asked a question which every- body could understand, and I believe, likewise, that everybody understands your reply, (tlear and laughter ) At auy rate the late Ministers of the Crown have shown that they thoroughly comprehend the nature of the an- swer they have received to the question which they thought proper to put, when in course of last session of Parliament the House of Commons—then elected cer- taiuly under guarantees for its perfect moderation— gave utterance to most intelligible sentiments on the sabj,-ct of Ireland, I he late Ministers of the Crown, in the exercise of their discretion, which I am not here to challenge, represented that that Parliament was not the true representative of the national mind and senti- ment, and they expressed everywhere a confident belief that on an appeal to the couutry the verdict given by the last elections of the kingdom would be summarily and signally reversed. Gentlemen, it is true that by that election the complexion of Parliament has been altered. But how has it been altered That com- plexion has, as far as a judgment can be formed—shown from the sentiments and declarations of candidates made to their constituents, and by whom they have now been returned-tllat complexion has been so altered that instead of the majority in the late House of Com- mons having been converted into minority, it has been returned twice as large as it was before. (Cheers.) In the face of such a manifestation, it was not unnatural—though I believe it is the one single case on record—that the Ministers then in power should have melted away before the ghost which they called into existeuce without looking that ghost in the face- without asking the judgment which they had under- taken to challenge. They melted, according to the words of our greatest national poet, like a mockery king of snow." (Great cheering.) The consequence is, gentle- men, that I have been called to undertake a task for which I profoundly feel myself inadequate. (No, no.) A task, perhaps, as arduous and formidable as has ever fallen to the lot of any minister. (Cheers.) But if you ask me why it is that, sensible as I am of my own per. sonal defects, I am still ready and forward to make this great attempt, I assure you that I am sustained by the consciousness of a sound and a just cause. (Cheers.) I am sustained by the belief that in conducting this great question before us we shall receive from ourcouutrymen the most considerate and indulgent treatment—that allowances will be made for all the difficulties which must necessarily attend this legislative settlement-that men will be prepared to abate somewhat of their own particular views and opinions provided only that the great principles on which we proceed shall be faithfully observed, and provided that we attain the noble ends which we have in view—the strengthening of the insti tutions of this great country and the establishment of the unity, the harmony, and the concord of all classes of the community and all parts of the empire-(loud cheers)—and, gentlemen, I am bound especially to ren- der thanks to you for this. It has happened to men in former times, who held the same or a similar position to that which I now fill, to solicit the votes of great consti- tuencies and to fail in obtaiuing their object, but that which, as far as í know, never happened before is this, that having failed in the solicitation of the suffrages of one great constituency, they should have found another great constituency ready—spontaneously and unsolicited —to make them the object of their choice. (Cheers.) Such a ruiuister has been compelled to take refuge in some petty borough from the defeat which he had sus- tained and I am bound to observe to you, in all can- dour, that I should not have been at all surprised if you had been unwilling to choose me as your member- (cries of No, no )—and my reason is this, that I am aware, you are aware, the cares and responsibilities of the office, to xvhich I have been called will not leave me free either in time of mind to give that degree of atten- tion to those local interests which you are entitled to demand from your representative. But I have the con- solation of recollecting that my hon. and trusted friend, Alderman Salomons, and whom I now rejoice to call my colleague, possessed as he is of your confidence, and beiug your senior memher-I cordially accept for myself the second honours of junior—he will readily lend his effectual aid, and in his hands, which I will do cheerfully and readily all that circumstances will permit, I trust even at the worst your interests will be safe. (Cheers.) And, gentlemen, there is some advantage in this, that instead of my being in the case of a \I iuister, who, de- feated in a great constituency, is compelled to fall back upon a fractional portion of the people, you now enable me to go to Parliament, and to speak with the authority and the weight which necessarily and properly attaches to the men who speak on behalf of a powerful, and intel- ligent, and an advancing community. Now let me has- tily refer to those matters which require our immediate attention. I shall only cursorily refer to them, but in such a manner as to show that we are not insensible to the great duty which appertains to us. We have won a great party triumph, but that man's mind must be small indeed who can see in recent occurrences a party tri- umph and nothing more. The triumph of party de- rives all its weight and value from its being regarded as a triumph of principle, and as such the country will pass its verdict upon our future conduct. If at anothei election Wb are found unfaithful to our trust I hope you will dismiss us summarily from that trust as you have lately done somebody else. (Cheers and laughter.) Now, gentlemeu, a very few words on the great subject of parliamentary reform. (Hear, hear, and cheers.) We have attained to a stage I of advanoemeut m regard to popular suffrage that forms an epoch in the history of the country. It would be premature. on my part, in the situation which I hold, were I W attempt to describe the measures which may be necessary to give full effect to that reform. (Cheeirs.) But I have no doubt that, at a latter period, at least two points—two improvements—two anomalies attaching to the recent reform bill will require careful review. At the same time, we shall admit that a general view is not the business of the hour, because every sensible and practical man must strive to address himself to the sub- jects of public interest in the order which their import- ance, and even their importance for the time, may pre- scribe. (Cheers.) There are, however, two objects in connection with the representation of the people that cannot be overlooked—one of them is the securities afforded by the present system for perfect freedom in the giving of the vote (loud cheers)—in the giving of that vote which has not only been conferred as a favour, but has been imposed as a duty by the legislature upon the members of the community. (Loud cheers.) Upon that subiect, gentlemen, I will only say that, in my opinion, the occurrences which have marked the recent elections, especially in some portions of che country, and most of all, perhaps, in the large borough of Blackburn, situated in the county with which I have the honour to have some sort of connection—those occurrences, I say, ought to form, in the hands probably of independent members of Parliament, or rather those of the Govern- ment, representing a party—ought to form the subject of a searching and impartial inquiry. (Loud cheers.) I have at all times given my vote in favour of the method of open voting, but I have done so before, and do so now, with this important reservation, that whether by open voting, or by whatever means, free voting must be secured. (Cheers.) The second point, in connection with the representation of the people, that calls for immediate attention is the position of actual grievance and suffering in which a large number of persons, known as compound householders, have been placed, by being compelled practically to alter the tenure on which they held their dwellings as the condition of exercising that vote which—I must again observe -has been given to them not as a personal favour, but as a public trust and duty and if that vote WM to be conferred at all, I hold it ought to be conferred in a way which shall not entail suffering and grievance. (Cheers.) My belief is that these inconveniences have been most needlessly-l will not say wantonly—inflicted on the people and un- doubtedly it will be the duty of a Liberal Government forthwith to set about the means of discovering, in the best, and simplest, and most inoffensive form, a remedy for these pressing evils. (Cheers.) Well, gentlemen, there are some great questions that are much in arrear. There is the question of bankruptcy, in which the whole commercial communityisprofoundlyinterested. (Cheers.) There is the question of education—(cheers)—great in all its brauches; great in ita higher branch, which touches the universities-(cbeers) -great in the inter- mediate domain of the subject, which embraces the grammar schools and the great middle class--(great cheering) —and, greatest of all, in the branch of primary education, which concerns the children of the people. (Loud cheers.) It is not possible, gentlemen, for any Government, with whatever intentions—nay, I might even add, with whatever ability enlisted in its service- to deal at once with all the great public objects that demand its attention; but I hope it will not be supposed if we exercise a choice—if we endeavour first to present to the public and to Parliament that which is most urgent, the most weighty—it will not be supposed that we have forgotten, or that we are inclined unduly to postpone the rest. (Cheers.) With those questions are more or less related those discussions on the relations of capital and labour with which many of you are more or less familiar in the characters either of employers or of workmen. (Cheers.) I will only now refer to them so far as to say that I am convinced that those questions are perfectly capable of a friendly and satisfactory solution. 1 believe that the difficulties that have arisen have simply beea incidents necessarily attaching to a period of transition—a period of advancement which involves great changes in the relations of labour and capital-and I believe all these difficulties will be solved, and solved not so much by the compulsory action of Parliament as by the good sense of both parties concerned, and with general satisfaction and concurrence. (Loud cheers.) Well, gentlemen, I must not pass over, without a word, the subject of the public expendi- ture. (Cheers.) I am myself responsible, in no small degree, for having taken, as I avow that I did, the earliest opportunity in my power of directing the public mind to that subject at the opening stage of the proceedings connected with the late election. (Cheers) For I am quite certain that, though there may be times when the public mind may become comparatively relaxed in regard to the general principles of economy and thrift, it is the special duty of public men to watch every beginning of evil in that depart- ment. (Cheers.) It is a very easy thing to notice these misohiefs when they have grown to a gigantic size; but it commonly happens when the financial excess has risen to these dimensions the case has become too aggravated for remedy. (Hear, hear.) That is not the case now; and I rejuice to thiuk that the attention of the country has been effectually directed during the recent elections to the subject of retrenchment of the public expenditure. I deeply regret, gentlemen, that the two years—or the two and a half years -that have elapsed since the Go- vernmeut that had been that of Lord Palmerston, and was then under Lord ltussell, left office, have seen a large and, in my opinion, an unnecessary addition made to the public charges. (Loud cheers.) I do not mean the ad- dition which relates to the casualty of the Abyssinian war, but I do mean the addition which has been made on the standing charges of the country-in the ordinary steadily increasing annual estimates that are preseuted to Parliament. (Cheers.) £ 3,000,0 JO had been added to the public expenditure irrespective of the Abyssinian war during the two years the late Government had been in power. It was easy to put it on but not so easy to take it off, for a number of new relations, new interests, and new claims were created; and there was nothing more creditable to the legislation of this country than that even in the case of public retrenchment personal and individual rights had always been studiously observed. The work of retrenchment must therefore be gradual, and it had been his care to place at the head of the great spending department men of tried abiLty and experience wlio were ali eady at work, and he should be deeply dis- appointed if the result of their labours was not mani- fested in the estimates in February next. Proceeding to the question of the state of Ireland, he insisted that it was most preposterous and pharisaical to complain in such a womanish manner—which was a different thing fiom womanly manner—of the state of Ireland being made a party question What was the use of party organisation if it was not to promote the settlement of great questions. All great questions had been dealt with as party questions. The state of Ireland was be- come a party question because it had made itself felt in England by painful and hourly manifestations to such a degree as to force itself on the consideration of every party. Lord Stanley had truly declared it the question of the day, and the late Government had so dealt with it when, through Lord Mayo, they announced their policy for Ireland. That policy was a system of indis- criminate endowment, and he and his friends believing that such a policy was past and gone, and feeling that Ireland could not be dealt with in this way, declined to accept the policy, and offered one of their own in place of it. (Hear, hear.) The whole circumstances of Ireland made church establishments wholly unsuitable, and a source of discord instead of a messenger of peace. The Liberal party would be unworthy of its name and of the position of English statesmen if they now held back, and although the tenure of land and education were equally important subjects, they must now first deal with the question of religious equality in that country. There was no analogy between the case of the Church in Ireland and the Church in England. Although he did not alto- gether admire the conduct of some of the clergy during the late elections, he gave them credit for being zealous and earnest in whatever they undertook, and the Church of England might well be content to take her ehance in the vicissitudes of the coming times as long as her clergy strove with might and main to do their duty. The Church of England, for the most part, was ministering ecclesiastically to the great bulk of the people, although not so much so in the great centres of population as in other districts. He denied that there was any fear of Koman Catholic ascendency. Their object was to put down ascendency altogether, and it was absurd to sup- pose that the people of England and Scotland, having put down a Protestant ascendency, wouldallow a Romau Catholic one in its place. The right hon. gentleman concluded an eloquent peroration, setting forth the duties and obligations of the Liberal party, by again thanking the electors for their confidence. The Chancellor of the Exchequer was returned for London University, but ia his address, beyond craving indulgence for himself in his office, made scarcely any allusion to great political questions. Mr Childers, First Lord of the Admiralty, was re- elected at Pontefract. In returning thanks the right hon. gentleman said that the nation might rest satis- fied that the promises of economy would be fulfilled. He would not depreciate the navy, but at the dame time would lop from it all excrescences. With regard to Irish questions he was in favour of a just and concilia- tory policy, which would now be pursued. The R ght Hon. John Bright, President of the Board of Trade, was re-elected at Birmingham without opposition. After stating that his private reasons for not accepting office yielded to the public service, the right hon. geutle- man said he could assure his constitueuts that, though he now stood before them iu a new character, he had not the smallest intention of getting rid of his old one. (Loud cheers.) He appealed to them to give his con- duct in office a lenient consideration. Mr Bright then spoke at length on public questions. He declared that th, disorder which prevailed at the recent general elec- tion. and the intimidation which had been exercised in M""iy boroughs and counties, bad conhrmed tbe argu- ments in favour of the ballot, and made many eminent convertf in its favour. He thought that public nomi- nations might be dispensed with, and that it would be desirable to have all public-houses closed on the days of polling. The question of education was one which no doubt Parliament would consider, and which no govern- ment could altogether leave out of its catalogue of mat- ters to be dealt with. He denounced in strong terms the gross and scandalous expenditure of the country, and said that no government was deserving of the confidence and support of the people of this country which could not carry on the administration of its affairs in a manner consistent with the dignity and security of England on a smaller Bum than seventy millions a-year. It was the duty of the government in the present session of Parlia- ment to settle finally, if it were possible, the great ques- tion of Ireland and the Irish Church, which was referred to the people at the recent general election, and it should not encumber itself with work that it could not Ho Mr Rriffht concluded a speech which occupied nearly an hour in delivery by appealing to the people of Birmingham for their sympathy and support in behalf of the present government. In the evening Mr Bright spoke at two meetings. He reviewed the progress of Liberal principles during the last thirty years, observing that it seemed as if mountains bad been removed but he hoped that future advances would be less painful, because he could see a gradual fusion of the two sections of the Liberal party, and a wonderful change in the feelings of iufluential classes in the country. Radical opinions were becoming the political creed of the w hole Liberal party. He hoped the notion of class repre- sentation would be got rid of, and that the nation would be considered as one people, with one common interest. Mr Goschen, President of the Poor Law Board, in thanking the electors of the City of London for his re- election on Monday, said that the policy of Mr Gladstone in office would be the same as in opposition. He then referred to the Poor Laws, showing than it would be his business to deal with ever-increasing rates, and pauper. ism, end millions spent, without giving satisfaction to any one and what was worse, millions of human beings whose very name implied degradation even in their own eyes, as recipients of parochial relief. He did not expect that the Poor Laws would ever give satis- faction the best thing that could be hoped for was to make the best of a bad job. He believed much could be done by grappling with that which was a growing evil, that within two years the pauperism of the metro- polis had increased twenty per cent., and no less than 30, IJOO paupers had been added to those who were clo- sing in upon the industrious portion of certain districts of London, till the ratepayer of to-day became the pau- per of to-morrow. Great iwprovements, both legisla- tive and administrative, were possible. The proposal that the government should give work to all who re- quired it, and take care of the aged and infirm, he treated as an impossibility. The difficulty was how to discriminate and classify the different kinds of paupers, and it took time to carry this into effect. In conclu- sion, he spoke in favour of greater supervision in raising and distributing the poor rates, and said that in this matter as great care ought to be exercised as in Imperial finance. Mr Layard, First Commissioner of Works, who was re-elected for Southwark, blamed Lord Stauley for his speech at Lynn in November, which he said was one of the causes of the disturbed relations between Turkey and Greece. Mr W. E. Forster, Vice-President of the Council, after his re-election at Bradford, said it was the study of his life to bring education home to the child of the poor man. At a luncheon in the evening, Mr Forster said the government were determined to effect other reforms in addition to removing the Irish Church. The Third Lord of the Treasury, Mr Stansfield, was returned without opposition at Halifax. The hon. gentleman, who met with a hearty reception, gave an outline of the duties of the new office which he had been selected to fill, and said that the ruling idea was there should be some person at the Treasury able and willing to take a comprehensive view of the policy and finance of administration and of economy in the State. He had accepted that honourable post. The Attorney-General, Sir R. P. Collier, who was re- elected for Plymouth, dwelt principally in his speech up"n the Irish Church question, which, he said, was sufficient to occupy most of the session. The Solicitor- General, Sir J. D Coleridge, having beeu declared elected for Exeter, explained his motives for accepting office, and assured the electors that other great.mea- sures would follow after the Irish Church. The remaining members of the government elected were Lord John Ilay, one of the Lords of the Admi- ralty, who was returned for Ripon without opposition, and Captain the Hon. J. C. Vivian, the new War Lord of the Treasury, who was also returned unopposed for Truro. The last of the Ministerial re-elections, that of Mr Cardwell for the city of Oxford, took place on Tuesday. In his speech returning thanks, Mr Cardwell alluded to his acceptance of office, and said that although it had been impossible for him to examine the question of ex- penditure, it might be satisfactory for him to tell them that in the estimates of the ensuing year they would find evidences of a substantial reduction. There was one question, he said, which overshadowed every other in importance, and that was the question of our connection with Ireland. The mission of the Government and of Parliament was, he trusted, to reconsider that alienated people, to promote concord, and to exhibit to other nations a spectacle of a united people. Referriug to the ballot, and in answer to an inquiry, Mr Cardwell said he wished to have free voting, whatever happened, but he would like to think that in this free country every man could give his vote and fear nobody in doing so. This remark called forth cries of "Woodstock." After alluding to the fact that he had been returned for Ox- ford nine times in sixteen years, the right hon. gentle- man sat down amidst much applause.
MUTINY ON THE HIGH SEAS. MURDER OF TWO MEN AND KILLING OF THE MURDERER. On Wednesday evening there arrived in Cork Harbour a vessel, named the Finnechina, commanded by Captain Holze, a Dutchmau, who has related the following shock- ing tale of brutality and murder:—For some years the Fmneehia was employed trading between Monte Video and Rio de Janeiro, but some months ago her captain made up his mind to make a voyage to Europe, foi which purpose he embarked a mixed crew. The first and second officers and cook were countrymen of his own, named Jan de Groot and Franz Verwargen. The cook's name is Jacob Beimholt. The remainder of the crew were made up of Iames Rogerto, a Cockney, the actor in the scene of the murder John Hughes, an Irish- man aud Nicholas Chester, a Yankee. On the morning of the 23rd of last May, when four days' sail from Buenos Ayres, Jan de Groot, ,the first mate, was en- gaged with some ropes on deck when Rogers stealthily came behind and threw him overboard. The cook, hear- ing the cry of his shipmate, rushed to his aid, and threw him a rope While so endeavouring to rescue his drowning companion, Rogers seized him by the legs aud threw him also into the sea. Having recovered partial stunning, caused by his sudden immersion, the cook seized the rope which he himself had thrown overboard, btitrogers., witha stroke of an axe, severed its connection with the ship, and left the unfortunate men hopelessly buffettiug with the waves. Observing that the second mate was about rendering the drowning men some assistance, Rogers threatened him in so determined a manner that the mate jumped down the stairs to get to his cabin. The captain hearing the noise on the deck was ascending from his cabin to ascertain the cause, when the mate came in collision with him and upset him, both falling heavily on the cabin floor. Roger3 then closed and securely fastened the cabin door, thus making both captain and mate prisoners. Here they could hear the agonising cries of the unfortunate men who were thrown overboard, but were utterly powerless to render them any assistance. Rogers next overawed the remaining two of the crew on deck by threatening them with the axe. The murderer now assumed com- mand of the ship, exacting implicit obedience from the American and the Irishman, forcing them to do duty alternately, and steering the vessel for land, his object being apparently to run her on shore. The ship's cable was heaped up near the compass, and caused the needle to change a few points. Thus, while they were apparently making for the laud, in reality they were steering parallel to it. This state of thiugs continued for four days, during which time Rogers did not for a momeut seek repose. Meanwhile it may be imagined what a painful state of suspense the occupants of the cabin were in, ex- pecting every moment that the murderer would commit some act which would launch them into eternity. Nor were their apprehensions unfounded, for Rogers heaped on deck all the inflammable materials within reach, ready to be ignited, and attempted to force out the porthead. As the supply of provisions on deck was very limited a hope was indulged that he would be forced into a sur- render. The three men on deck were subsisting on fowls, but when they were gone the flesh of a dog hai to serve for a repast. A feeling of humanity seemed to have seized Rogers, and, through an apertue in the hatchway, he asked the captain if he required water, but the reply he received was the contents of an old musket which he had charged aud ready for such an opportunity, but Rogers escaped almost scatheless. The captain, of course, not being aware of the state of affairs on deck, was under the impression that all were in murderous league. On the fourth day the murderer succumbed to the force of nature, and laid himself on the deck, within reach of his axe. Chester, the Irishman, was at this time taking his turn at the wheel, and had then, as he had from the first, a shap eye on the movements of the murderer. Ho was not slow to observe the first signs of sleep, and quit- ting his post at the wheel, he seized the axe which lay beside Rogers, and with a well aimed blow almost severed the head from the body. He then called on his companion, the Yankee, to come from the forecastle to his assistance. It is worthy of mention that when Rogers took his temporary command he enforced the silent sys- tem amongst the two m-n. The Yankee soon joined his companion, and after exchanging a few words of con- gratulation on their release from the tender mercies of the murderer, both proceeded to the cabin where the captain and second mate were confined, to inform them of the death of Rogers, who had kept them there. They threw the cabin door open, but the captain doubted their statemeut, and fearing the two might have joined Rogers in a conspiracy against him, asked them to throw down the dead dody into the cabiu, and to make sure work of it the mate thrust a bayonet several times iuto the life- less body, which was dragged from the cabin and thrown into the deep. The captain then took the separate state- ment of both Chester and Hughes, which differed in no particular. Arrived at Rio, the captain laid the case before the authorities, and an investigation was at once held into the circumstances, Hughes and Chester being brought up in custody. After hearing the entire facts the authorities set the men at liberty, considering they were justified, under the circumstauces, in the measures they adopted. The two men remained at Hio, and the captain, with a new crew, bore up for Cork harbour. The Cork Constitution says the only cause that can be assigned for the inurdeious outrage is that, while coast- ing on the South American waters, Captain llolze made some money, a fact which was known to Rogers, and, to get possession of it, is supposed to have led him to the commission of the awful crimes for which he paid the penalty of his own life.
Our ILi&rarg ftatoU. ) THE CHRISTMAS PART OF Bow BELLA. — London: J. Dick, 313, Strand. This part of Bow Bella contains one number espe- cially intended for the season, and called" The Christ- joas Double Number," with three additional numbers -the whole comprising %much more than double the quantity of matter we tind in any of 'the auuuals that have, as yet, come under our notice aud at half the price. We do uot see but that the tales and other con- tributions will bear a comparison with itscomtempor- sees and if the illustrations in some of the latter are of a higher class, iu the majority they are about on a par, in artistic merit, with those in %< Bow Bells," and the latter are more numerous. The subscribeis to tins periodical will, therefore, get an ample Chnetmas ri" for their money. Certaiuly the proprietors do their duty to their supporters, the public. The varied contributions to this part afford ample store of tales and other entertaiuing articles. We extract part of ft poem, by Alfred Ciowquill, entitled CHRISTMAS KVE. 11 Thoiagh silently and sternly Old Christmas creeps along. He places love in wounded hearts, that meditated wrong, Each little flake as, whirling on, has mission frota above, To join all broken links again, in charity and love. Silently and slowly he hangs the misletoe, And all the young girls look aside, pretending not to know. He places in the arms of age, the loved one of to-day, Who pre's them to their loving hearts on their first Christmas Day. Hail, Christmas, then, with joyous shout; though he looks stern and old, His beard, though white, is but a sham-he's only twelvemouths old. Throw on the mighty log of yule, and let there be no lack, For he brings blessings for the poor, stored in his bursting pack. Silently and slowly Old Christmas wanders on- We scarcely bless the happy time before we find 'tis gone. But see. behind him, he will leave a rosy fingered elf- Tis the New Year, who grows, too fast, a Christmas like himself. You can't believe the playful child will turn so soon a sage; Then have no cause, as you pass on, to blush before his age For youth just finds excuse for faults, but still you may depend That silently and slowly, they've gathered at the end." MBSSUS. S. W. PARTKIDQE AND Co.'s PUBLICATIONS. -We have received from this eminent firm a parcel of books suitable as presents to children and young per- sons. They comprise the yearly parts of the Briihh Workmin, Hand of Hope Review, Infanti Magazine, Childrens Friend, Family Visitor, and the Servants' Magazine, all got up in excellent style, and profusely illustrated with high-class wood engravings. What is of vastly more importance, the text is unexceptionable and well calculated to inspire a highly moral tone of feeling. We have no hesitation in recommending them strongly to heads of families, and to beuevolent indi- viduals who are in the habit of distributing books to the poor.
THE NEW. MINISTRY.—ITS THREE GENIUSES. The following sketch is from the pen of the London correspondent of the Edinburgh Evening Courunt Fully to appreciate Gladstone he must be heard in reply at the close of a great debate. The hour, say, is two o'clock in the morning the occasion, the second reading of a bill, upon the fate of which depends the fortune of his party. The house is crowded aud ex- cited everywhere tumultuous expectation and the flutter of curiosity, as though audible utterance were given to the secret thoughts of all—how will it end I Disraeli has just sat down, amidst a tempest of cheering from the country squires that penetrates to the lobby, startling the few loiterers that hover distracted in the outer porch, longing in vain for admittance. The Pre- mier springs swiftly and boldly out from the ranks of his followers, with the air aud mien of the war-horse snuffing the battle. Excitement has been consuming and oppressing him during the whole time his great rival has been hurling the full torrent of his unequalled invective and now that the long-wished-for opportu- nity has at length arrived, he leaps into the arena with an almost feverish haste, as if grudging the loss of a single moment in grappling with his antagonist. His face is pale with emotion his dark eyes flash, as with right arm raised he faces round upon the clustering as. sembly whilst he strikes the key-note of his oration his nostril dilates with the consciousness of intellectual strength. Whilst the squires breathe to relieve the strain upon their attention caused by Mr Disraeli's marvellous oratorical feat, and the house generally is settling down in a rustle of anticipated pleasure, the Premier starts off with rapid, rushing impetuosity upon his difficult flight. Almost ere we become conscious of the fact, he has dashed through the customary prefatory sentences, and is addressing himself to his arguments. In full sounding periods, rounded off skilfully into melodious rhythm, he bears on his way; his voice trembling with excitement, his countenance grave as fate, his whole manner earnest like that of a man op. pressed with too much to say and the time waning. Skilfully, and with the ease of the practised debater, he modulates his musical voice now rising into shrill de- clamation, anon sinking into solemn warning or re- proof both sides the while captivated by the charmer, and forgetful almost of the political differences which range them upon opposite benches. Such fluent, forc- ible, sweeping, eloquent speech is not often heard, and the house 18 lavish of its cheers. Perhaps Mr Glad- stone's greatest effort in recent times was the famous oration upon the mght when his own Reform Bill was defeated, delivered under just such circumstances as I have described. Mr Bright's favourite hour for speaking upon great occasions is generally between ten and eleven o'clock. For the last three hours the mediocrities have been in possession of the house, droning and drivelling over the subject of debate till all are sick of it, and wish it buried out of sight. Members have just returned from dinner, and the chamber is gradually filling to the un- comfortable point invariably on nights of excitement. The hour is one of the most propitious of the whole evening for a great speech. Honourable gentlemeu have come back radiant aud contented, and with a craving for something piquant and reusing. They are in the mood to appreciate points," and are prepared to laugh and to cheer with unstinted voice. The repre- sentative of Pedlington, after having vainly attempted to shed a feeble ray of light upon the topic of discus- sion, has just resumed his seat amidst an unrepressed buzz of conversation. Mr llright rises, and twenty members with him. The twenty are anxious to catch the Speaker's eye, but the house has had euough of their weak oratorical sputtering, and the cry is for Bright." Loud, prolonged, indiscriminately from both sides, comes the roar of voices, carrying despair into the hearts of the tremulous twenty, who, swept away in the whirlwind, succumb into silence, and the member for Birmingham is in possession. Calmly he stands facing the expectant assembly, his whole manner suggestive of quiet and repose, a sheet of paper ;contain. ing notes in his right hand, and his left employed in arranging the ample shirt cullar that fringes his open, honest Saxon face. Unlike his chief, he commences slowly and deliberately, the voice sunk to a half whisper, and the intonation reminding one of the stvle of a wise man who has someteing weighty to utter, and hopes to enlist greater attention to it by freedom from self-assertion. There is a hush upon the assembly. Presently the orator, becoming as it were accustomed to the sound of his own voice, casts aside his restraint and rises to a higher flight. Cheers urged him onward, and he pauses when he has made a hit," to let the noise of approbation sweep past ere resuming his argument. Before he is up" half an hour be has the audience entirely under his spell; and in clear, dis- tinct, and simple language, made effective by admirable management of the voice and a subduing earnestness of manner, he proclaims his opinions, preserving his calm- ness throughout in proportion as he awakens the excite- ment of his listeners. Lowe, had he been bred in the Parliamentary arena, would have been the equal of either of his rivals as a mere speaker, and would (as be. does now) have sur- passed both in some respects. His great defect is that he suffers from a plethora both of ideas and language. He has so much to say that he wont take time to say it. Matter is with him all in all—manner nothing. Had he, to use Dr. Johnson's expression, been "caught young" and trained in the art of speaking, it is difficult to say what triumphs he might not have achieved. In mastery over the English tougue he is inferior to none in the house; but he spoils the effect of his best efforts by a total lack of rhetoric and the graces and arts of the orator. He stands stiff and straight, and allows the words to pour forth as if by their own volition. There is no action, no gesture, little iuflection of the voice, no distinct emphasis or intonation. The flood sweeps on- ward in a swift, resistless, monotonous tone, iin-tided by the play of features, unassisted by the tricks and devices of the skilled rhetorician or the happy surprises of the practised wrangler. Spite of all these deficien- cies, however, he is one of the four great speakers of the house, and has no rival as a lucid expositor of robust I thought, epigrammatic logic, and pure reasoning.
ANOTHER COLLIERY EXPLOSION NEAR I WIGAN. SIX PERSONS KILLED AND FOUR INJURED. Another colliery explosion occurred on Monday morning at the Norley Colliery, situated in the township of Pem berton, about a mile aud a half from the borough of Wigan. The pits at which the casualty occurred are the Nos. 2 and 3 pits of the Norley Coal and Cannel Company. At one the yard coal and the Orrell 5ft. are waund, and at the other the Orrell 4ft. which latter seam is synony- mous with the mine known as the Arley in other parts of the Wigan coalfield. Shortly before nine o'clock a party of four men des- cended the downcast shaft, conveying with them a pony, which was intended should work in the tunnel, which is 28 yards from the bottom. Mr Joseph Peet, one of the chief carpenters at the colliery, left the cage at the 5ft. mouthing, the other three men and the pony proceeding to the tunnel. The three men had left the cage, and the pony, which been swung in the box beneath, had been drawn up to the mouthing, and just beeu landed, when an explosion occurred, the effects of which were quickly visible on the pit bank by a cloud of soot ascend- ing the upcast and the customary indications in the downcast. The ventilation very quickly returned to its ordiuary course, and Mr Thomson, the manager, and other persons descended the pit. They were, however, able to learn but little, and it was not till late in the afternoon that the cage could be removed. Even on Monday night positive information bed not been re- ceived at the surface as to the fate of those below The underlooker, who was in the mine at the time of the explosion, had not returned to the surface, but he was believed to be safe. The most trustworthy information that could be obtained pointed to the firing of the gas by a party of four men, who it was known went to the extremities of the workings in the Orrell four feet on Monday morning. Their work was to cut across a step about 500 yards from the pit eye, aud as they have not yet been reached, there can be little doubt that all are dead. Two of the three who had just landed at the mouthing already referred to were blown with the pony into the shaft, and there is no doubt that they lie in the dib hole at the bottom. The names of these two are Rutter and Caunce; the third, named Marsh, has escaped with his life, but he is severely bruised and also burnt a little. In the tunnel two men and a boy were engaged, and all of these have been very severely burnt. In one case, that of a man named Taylor, more than hilf of his body has been licked by the flames and his life is despaired of. Very serious injuries have also been sus- tained by his companion, a workman named Sharrock, and also by the lad who was with them at the time. So far as can be gathered, therefore, it is probable that six lives have been lost, and that four persons have been seriously, if not fatally, injured. The inquest was opened on Wednesday at the Red I Lion Inn, Pemberton, before C. E. Driffield, fcsq., dis trict coroner. Evidence sufficient to justify the issue of certifleates of burial was taken, and the inquiry was then adjourned.
The new Irish Lord Chancellor (O'Hagan) has con- ferred the office of Secretary of Bankrupts, at present held by the Hon. D. Plunket, on Mr Handall M'Don- nell, of the North-east bar, a highly respectable and competent gentleman. Mr M'Donnell is a Protestant. We commend to the attention and imitation of our police authorities a case which has been before one of the London magistrates. A constable was prosecuted by his superiors for having neglected his duty in not properly patrolling his beat during three hours and forty mi- nutes, and it was asserted that had he done so a burg- lary which had been committed in the parish of Isling- ton could not have been effected. The defendant plead- ed that he had been obliged to work three beats instead of two and a half, as he ought to have done. The magistrate iuflicted a fine of X5, with the alternative of a month's imprisonment. The constable also loses his situation in the police force. The Dano-Iiussian Telegraph Company have received a commission to lay a submarine Telegraph cable be- tween Sweden and Finland. The Drogheda inquest has closed. The jury returned a verdict of "Manslaughttor" against one of the two soldiers of the 9th Kegiment, which one they could not, determine. Tho petitions against the Liberal members for the City have dropped through, the petitioners not having found security for costs. The petition at Rye, against Mr J. Stuart Hardy, M.P., has also fallen through. The French tribunals have just genteuced two ret. fathers of the college of Tivoli at Bordeaux to a fine of 3UO francs and ten days' prisoj for having whipped a boy, whose parents brought the matter into court. The evidence showed that the lad had been severely chas- tised, and that all the other scholars had suffered coporal punishment. Flogging was declared illegal in 1792. A Fenian head-centre, a most active member of that organization, Mr John Savage, is said to have been ap- pointed consul to Leeds. lie will not be likely to pro- voke the opposition of any portion of our press (as Mr Reverdy Johnson has provoked the ultra Radical por- tion of the American press) by his too civil tone towardi Great Britain. The Weekly Register has authority to deny the state- ment that unexpected difficulties have presented them- selves respecting the Catholic cathedral in Westminster, and that the project is likely to be abandoned for the present." The site for the cathedral has been secured, and the Archbishop's house, as well as the schools, will be commenced upon soon after the new year. At the Kent winter assizes a man named Wright, aged forty-five, who had been in the army, and was once employed as a warder at the county gaol, was charged with attempting to murder his w'fe, from whom he was separated. He met her in the street, and inflicted several severe wounds on her throat with a razor, and would doubtless have killed her but for the aid afforded her by some persons who came up in time. He waa found guilty and sentenced to fifteen years' penal servi- tude. Several sergeants in charge of canteens at Aldershot have been fined for having deficient weights in their pos- session, and obstructing the local inspector of weights and measures in the execution of his duty. It appeared that the sergeants refused to acknowledge the authority of the inspector, in accordance with a divisional order issued in January last, which directed that no civilian should be allowed within military canteens to exercise any control in relation thereto At a meeting on Friday, at Ripon, under the presi- dency of the Bishop of the diocese, to consider the best mode of providing a permaneit memorial of the late Archbishop Longley, who for twenty years presided over the diocese of Ripon, it was resolved to place a widow in the west front of the catkedral, and a subscription was entered into to defray the cost. A yonng woman was brought up at Bow-street on Friday on a charge of having endeavoured to obtain a situation by means of a false character. She bad assu- med the name of a respectable girl whom she acciden- tally met at a servants' registry. She was sentenced to pay a fine of X20, with the alternative of three months' imprisonment. A young girl, only sixteen, named Esther Bourne, living at Euglefield-green, threw herself into the Thames, near the Bells of Ouseley, at Old Windsor, a month ago, in consequence of having been advised to break off an acquaintance with a young man to whom she was at- tached. The body was found only last week. The coroner for West Surrey has held an inquest, at which the jury found a verdct of temporary insanity. It is stated that at the North Wilts election, a fort- night ago, a voter who resides in a small country town not far from Coroham was applied to several times for his vote. This, however, he absolutely refused to give For," said be, directly after I voted the last time the bi-ead rose and I made up my mind from that time that I'd never vote any more." The John Bull is glad to learn that, mainly owing to- the great exertions of Commander Pim, there will be held early next year, under the auspices of the City Carlton Club, a great Conservative banquet, to which her Majesty's late Ministers will be asked and a great ball, of which the Duchess of Abercorn and other ladies have consented to be patronesses. Upwards of 4,000 are expected to diue, and the tickets are already at a premi- um. Mr Gye has met the committee most liberally, and placed his theatre and the Floral Hall at their dis- posal. Mr John Laird, M.P., has obtained Mr Reverdy John- son's permission to publish some correspondence which took place between them a couple of months ago, to exo- nerate Mr Johnson from the imputation that he sought the acquaintance of such an enemy of the Ncrth as Mr Laird. Mr Laird wrote, in the first instance, to Mr Johnson, when he heard that the Minister was to visit Liverpool, to say that it would afford him great pleasure to receive Mr Johnson, but that if Mr Johnson thought the acceptance of the invitation would in any way com- promise him with his countrymen he was by all means to decline it. Mr Johnson wrote a very frank note in reply, in the course of which he said My mission to England is not to do or refrain from doing anything which may serve to promote or continue any ill-feeling between her Majesty's subjects and the citizens of the United States; but, on the contrary, to endeavour by all proper means to extinguish such feeling. Notwith- standing, therefore, that you sympathized with my Sou- thern brethren during our late civil war, I shall have much pleasure in making your personal acquaintance, and in hearing from yourself that now, the war being over, you sincerely wish to see a lasting peace uetween our two countries." FIRING AT A TRAIN ON THE HOLYHEAD LiNR.-On Saturday forenoon an extraordinary and inexplicable discharge of firearms was committed on the Holyhead line of the London and North-western Railway. hile Saturday's Irish mail train, which leaves Loudon at a quarter-past seven o'clock in the morning, was in the vicinity of Mostyn, and while passing the mail that leaves Holyhead for London at half-past nine, Elias Williams, driver of the up-train, noticed a hand with a pistol in it stretching from the other train and pointing towards that which was advancing. The trains passed each other at full speed, and imuiediat-ly afterwards the driver and stoker heard the report of a pistol shot, and saw the stuoke from the explosion. The shot was sup- posed to have been aimed at the driver and stoker of the up-train, as several empty trucks followed the engine. The driver reported the incident on his arrival at Ches- ter, but nu clue to the motive of the outrage has been obtained, beyond the statement of 1 he carriage coupler, who says he heard a passenger in the train defending Fenianism before it started. -L ive;-I,ool Courier. We shall allay any feeling of uneasiness which the foregoing report may engender in the minds of those who may have to travel this Christmas time on the Holyhead line when we state that there is no truth-or what little there is is very much exaggerated-in the statement of our contemporary. We are informed that some boys on their way home from school were passengers by the mail, and they were amusing themselves with a popgun at the carriage wiidow all the way between Chester and Holyhead. The pistol-shot has evidently been the noise of the popgun, and the" smoke of the explosion" must have corne from the funnel of the engine Mr Reverdy Johnson distributed the prizes at the Birbeek Mechanics' Institute on Friday, and made two speeches. In the first he gave some good advice to the young people to whom he had preseuted prizes; in the second he referred to public topics. Tosuppose," he said, that war is possible between the two countries- is to suppose that those in whose hands the destinies of the two countries are placed are mad, and as I know that those in whose hands the destinies of my country are placed do not belong to that class, and as I know with equal certainty that the man in whose hands the destinies of your country were placed a week or two ago, and he in whose ha.uds they are now placed, are anything but madmen, we have a sufficient guarantee that the friendship between us will never, never be disturbed. It is trite to refer to the similarity of our institutions, but it is a fact which should ever be borne in mind when we are talking of the possibility of hostilities between the two countries. Our institutions are almost identical; and one element in the case which should not be lost sight of is this—that our ancestors learned them from you, and you have not forgotten to teach them to us. He have found that those institutions are soundest which rest on the public feeling of the people, and our experience has taught us that if, at auy time, in either country a Government should go against that public opinion after it has been thoughtfully formed, the days of that Government are numbered. The best way of securing such a pubiic opinion is that of establishing a liberal system of education. We are not guilty of the mistake of not paying our teachers; the teacher with ue, to say nothing invidious, is paid a great deal better than some of your curates; and when we find a place d^sti- tute of education, we tax the people to make good the (lofect. Then not only are our institutions identical, but we have the same language, and although we apt-alt it better than you do, we understand each other, and hy-and-bye you will be able to speak the language as well as we do." HOLLOW.YT'B OINTMENT AND PILLS. Changeable W eather.—Throughout the year the keen easterly winds sorely test the weak-chested, the rheumatic, and the neuralgic. To subdue the tirat indications of the maladies Holloway's well-known remedies should be appl.ed at once each day's neglect makes the treatment more dffiioult, and the issue more dangerous. These Pills throw off all impurities, cleanse the lungs, regulate the circulation, and overcome inflammatory tendencies, and the Ointment. well rubbed in near the affected part, checks all erroneous action, draws all surplus blood, which is creating mischief, to the surface, and there gets rid of it by increasing the capillary circulation of the skin and augmenting itsexhalements.