TO CORBKSPONDUNTS• No notice can be taken of anonymous communications. What ever is intended lor insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer; not necessarily for public ation but as a guarantee of his good faith. We cannot undertake to return rejected communications. The Letter from Hirael on Local Taxation will be noticed in our Iluxt Is BANOOR A CITY ?-rtillgOCi$& city. A city, in En-Ilaiid does not signify, as it does in most countries, a large fortified town, but it whether Jarge orsuiail, whi<h contains the Cathedral I'ltutch of an Episcopal Diocese, liangor, the.efore, is a city equally with London or York, and soaisuare tiiesinall village-tow ns of *;t. Asaph and LandalV. For this reason, Chester is a city, whilst ShrewdLmry i not; as is also Man- chester and not Liveipool. STKBET NI;is.vM t:s.—Mr. Daniel Williams writes to complain of boys causing an obstruction on the streets of Bangor. A fortnight or sn ago, lie states, he was walking up Dean-street at night, when he was met by a crowd of boys running at rail- way speed when Ilresentlya truck. on which two or three buys were riding, struck him on the legs, and fiora the ettects of which collision he has been confined to his house ever since. He asks in conclusion Ithere no remedy ? Have not the police power to keep the streets <•)#»* 00 tiiat a pet son ""S^t walk an<!) £ them without Deing molested in this maniier ? Mr Wdlianis should put the question direct to Mr. Supeiin- tendent Jones; but if the Bangor Police can make boys conduct themselves fit it decorous and orderlv manner in Bangor, they will accomplish a feat winch they fail to achieve elsewhere. Boys will run and chase about in despite of all the police in the world. ODE TO TIIK MAH^VIS OF WESTMINSTER.—These verses ar- rived too late for insertion in this week's number. Thev shall appear in our next. All poetical contributions should be sent early in the week, otherwise they cannot be inserted in ?h,? curr"'Dt num}wr of the paper E. S W-, London.—We quite agree with our correspondent in his remarks on the desirability of keeping up old customs, and also in reference to the particular matter too by him. lie will find, however, fit this day's Chronicle, that the Mayor s dinner has been resuscitated, and that the subject of his com- plaint has ceased to cxht Under these circumstances it would be worse than useless to publish his letter. TO ADVEKTISKRS. Whi'st we take care to secure the correct p-rintingof advertisements «M??<)t<Mf?M)W"t??<0)'t)tftCct(r([CtM,or for any consequence arist?to n
NEWS OF THE WEEK. It is stated that in case Lord Brougham retires from the Chancellorship of Edinburgh University, it is proposed to oiler the post to the Duke of Edinburgh. The Lord Mayor of London gave his usual banquet to her Majesty's Ministers on Saturday. Lord Derby was unable to be present in c'mse- quence of illness. Mr Disraeli, however, attended, and was well received. In his speech he referred briefly to various political topics, including reform and the Alabama claims. On Wednesday night a great working men's Conservative banquet was held in Rochdale, at- tended by a thousand persons. The Hon. A. Egerton, M. P., Mr Charles Turner, M.P., Sir A. Ramsay, and others were among the speakers. Considering the locality, which has been supposed to be a hotbed of Radicalism, the festival was a great success. The position of the Church of England was the Earl of Carnarvon's address at the annual meeting of the Leeds Institution. He commented upon the dangers from within and without which beset it, and advocated a policy of moderation both in those within and to those without her communion. Mr Thompson, M. P., was also present, but the hon. gentleman had only spoken a few minutes when he was compelled to leave the hall on ac- count of indisposition. A Liverpool solicitor, according to rumour, has gone on a Spanish tour-in other words a well- known member of a firm in Castle-street has absconded, leaving behind him deficiencies to the amount of between £ 30,000 and £ 40,000. It is supposed that the defalcations are owing to unfor- tunate speculations. The Working men's Conservative banquet in the Crystal Palace Oil Monday was in every re- spect a great success. The company numbered no fewer than 1,000, and was for the most part composed of bona fide working men, while the balconies were crowded with ladies. Deputations were present from all the large towns in England. The chair was occupied by Mr Fowler, who was accompanied to the platform by Lord John Man- ners, M.P.; the Right Hon. J. Mowbray, Judge- Advocate General Knox, Al. P.; Sir Charles Russell, M.P.; Colonel Hogg, M.P.; Mr Sampson Lloyd, Admiral Elliott, &c. Letters of apology were read from Mr Disraeli and Lord Stanley. The latter was prevented from being present in consequence of having to be in attendance on her Majesty at Windsor. The Chancellor of the Ex- chequer in his note expressed regret at being un- able to accept the invitation, and his gratification in seeing the working classes banding together in favour of the laws and constitution of the country. Many of the speakers were working men, and throughout the utmost confidence was manifested in the Conservative party as the true friends of the working classes. The toast of The Conserva- tive Working Men of the United Kingdom' was proposed from the chair, and replied to by several of the deputies. Lord John Manners, in an elo- quent speech, replied to the toast of Her Ma jesty's Ministers." At the annual nomination of sherifi's of England and Wales, which took place on Monday, some curious reasons were tendered by gentlemen who were not disposed to serve. One gentleman urged that he had a very large and increasing family, and that he could not bear the expenses incident to the shrievalty. Another said he was not possessed of sufficient property in the county to render him liable to serve another that lie had illness in his family and was obliged to reside abroad during a great portion of the year another that he had no landed property or connection with the county in which his name was marked. In some cases the excuses were held to be valid, and the claim to exemption being allowed the name was struck out of the list, but in all cases where the protestor did not make out a very strong case of non-liability, the name was retained. A terrible disaster has happened in a coal pit in South Wales. An explosion of gas took place in the Ferndale colliery, Glamorganshire, and it is feared that about 200 men and boys have per- ished. The exact extent of the calamity cannot be ascertained, but it is believed that about 350 people were at work in the pit when the gases be- came ignited, and during twenty-four hours after the explosion fewer than sixty persons had been rescued. On the previous day almost an equal number of colliers were placed in serious peril in a Durham pit, and on the following day an explosion occurred in Staffordshire, killing the only three men who were underground at the time. Another serious food riot has occurred at Barn, staple. A mob of 2,000 men attacked the shops of the bakers and butchers, and after doing much damage they proceeded to attack a flour mill. Having threatened to burn the mill, the people were supplied with bread and cheese and cider, which seems to have appeased their fury. Five of the ringleaders are in custody. The medical journals such as the Lancet and B) itisli Medical Journal, obstinately pursue their special inquiries into the state of Workhouses and infirmaries, although "the authorities" frown upon the practice and throw every obstacle in the way. The representatives of these papers do not follow the usual and convenient course of investigation; they give no notice of their coming, like official inspectors, aid, be. sides, they describe what they see and disapprove of with shocking plainness. One of the journals mentioned above has just disclosed some very disgusting details about Clefton Union Infirmary, the sickening details of which are only fit for publication in a professional paper One fact, however, may be noticed—it is that in some of the sick wards the nurse locks the door on her charges at night and goes off to sleep elsewhere, out of the reach of aJJ b'()111.1dldrue calls for assistance. It is very natural that secretaries and inspectors should re- sent such revolting stories being made known, but they must be told if anything is to be done to remedy such evils, and experience teaches us that poor-law boards will do nothing until they are forced or shamed into the work of reformation. The Journal de Liege, a Ministerial organ, says —The public will learn with satisfaction that the physical and mental state of the Empress Char, lotte has greatly improved of late. The King and Queen go to see her almost every day, and often bring her with them to Brussels. Invitations have been issued to the various Eu- ropean powers respecting the proposed Conference for the settlement of the Roman question. We are told by the Putrie that the French despatch does not advance any proposition for a solution of the Roman difficulty, but simply points out the present situation of affairs, and the necessity of preventing a recurrence of events which might disturb the peace of Europe. Several arrests have taken place in Paris. It is said that General Delia Marmora, acting on instructions from Florence, has demanded from the French Government the withdrawal as early as possible of its tioops from Rome, on the ground that it was the Italian military authorities who arrested and disarmed Garibaldi and his band, and by so doing fulfilled, in all points, the wishes of France. The General also declared that the safety of the Pope and the integrity of the Pon- tifical territory were no longer exposed to risk, as Garibaldi and his lieutenants were about to emi. grate to the United States, and consequently the presence of a French army in the Roman States was without any object. The warlike preparations of the Italian Govern- ment would be alarming but for the explanation which is given as to their object. The speedy de- parture of the French troops from the Roman territory is said to have been distinctly promised on condition of the withdrawal of the Italian forces. But as great exasperation exists at Milan and elsewhere, it is said that the Menabrea Go- vernment, in order to facilitate the French depar- ture and intimidate the party of action, is streng- thening the army and making military prepara- tions of various kinds. They are, however, adopted merely as necessary precautions against a domestic enemy. Strange rumours are in circulation regarding the state of mind of Victor Emmanuel. It il reported that lie is so depressed, owing to the events which have lately taken place, that he is unwilling to quit his palace, and that he even con- templates abdicating his throne, and withdrawing to Piedmont. The King, it is added, has sent £2,000 to the wounded Garibaldians and to the families of those killed at Montana. The wrath of the Italian people against France, and every- thing French, is being expressed in the most ex- travagant forms. Throughout the peninsula a "peace league" has been formed to send to Coven- try all that appertains to France in any way. Its members pledge themselves to buy no French goods, to have no dealings with Frenchmen, and to eschew everything that is French. At Turin the French Consul has been treated to a charivari -i,c., rough nitisic"-a serenade with marrow. bones and cleavers-the signboards of French tradesmen have been pulled down and their win- dows smashed. A formerly popular French cafe has been totally deserted by its customers and Meynadier's French theatrical company has been compelled to suspeud its performances, although the impresario is so far a naturalized Italian that one of his sons is an officer in Victor Emmanuel's- army. The American news brought by the Persia con. sists mainly of accounts of political and domestic dissensions in the Southern states, where mutual jealousy prevails between the white and the coloured races. In Georgia the negroes had matters pretty much their own way, the Conserva- tive whites refusing to take part in the elections and withdrawing their candidates. Formal pro. tests against the legality of the Virginia election have been lodged, but it is feared that the objections will not be impartially investigated J n Richmond itself affairs appear to be in a most dangerous position, and the Southern press, which may fairly be presumed to be well informed on the state of feeling, predict a war of races, and President Johnson is being urged to increase the military, in older that the negroes may be over- awed. A terrible stcrm, whether part of that which swept over the West Indies is not yet ascertained, has visited Texas and done terrible mischief. In the town of Matamoras alone fifteen hundred houses were blown down. An enthusiastic meeting of .Conservative working-men was held on Thursday evening in the Concert-hall, Lord Nelson-street, Liverpool, under the presidency of Air Graves, M. P. The chairman delivered a most com. prehensive speech, which almost entirely had reference to the reform act. Other addresses were made by working-men. In the event of the capital sentence being carriel out against any of the Manchester Fenians, it is said that the execution will take place on the 30th of this month. Arrests continue to be made in Paris, and eight more individuals have been apprehended on suspicion of being connected with a secret society. An alarming and disastrous explosion took place on Thursday in the Court-house In Dublin, where the Fenian Commission sit. The cause is said t" have been an escape of gas, and the roof of the building was blown off. Happily there was no one in the building at the time, and no lives were lost. The Chevalier di Nigra is deputed—so say3 the Patrie —to come to London to confer with the English Government on the proposed Conference for the settle- ment of the Roman question. Italy adheres in prin. ciple to the object.
girtft-, Hm't'¡lIg:, i!t¡Wt,!í Notice ot Births, Marriages, and Deaths should authenticated bi/ the name address of the senders, or transmitted to us through our accredit-d Atjoits. We beg to intimate, that in fnture notices, of Birth and Mar- riages will be charged as Advertisements at the umfo"m r;ltl) of One Shilling oaeh; and except where the party sendIng has an account at the office, prepayment must be made, or the notice will notapp-ar. If more convenientto tiicsendor, pay- ment may be made in Postage Stamps. Obituary notices will be inserted /')v as heretofore. IJ I K r H a. On the 10th inst., at 8 Stanley-street, Holvheai. the wife of Mr. lid ward Owen. Paymaster il.M..S,s. England, of a daughter. On the loth inst., Mis. lhonia3 Davies, No. 30, Pier-street, Aberystwyth, of quins. MARRIAGES. On the 7th inst., at the church of St. Sihs, Toxeth Park, by the .Rev. Trevor W. Whe«ler, M.A., Francs Vaugiian, se'ond sou of the late Franr is Henry Redding, Ksq., F. K.UIS., of Crom- lech, Anglesey, to Jane Catueiiue, only daughter of Mr. John Willia.ms, of Cae ilawr, I\n'lesev As this was the first mai- riage soleiiinise(I in the above church, the newly wedilcci couple was presented with a handsome i>it)!e by the ilev. Trevor \V. Wheeler, the incumbent. So canU i) its. On the 11th inst,, azed 1 ye tr and 9 months, Elizabeth, young- est child of John Keumuirand Hizabeth Douglas, of Caxtou House, Bangor. On the J)th in>t., Margaret, th;r:l dm/hfer of the late Mr. Owen Jones, ot lien Shop, l'eutraeth, aged 20 years. On the 12th inst., Mary Ann, wife (if Nir. William Jones, 32, Paradise-stieet, Liverpool, ji-ell 3::i year. On the 12th iiict., Mr. Thomas Davies, Duddleston, Ellesmere aged 7U years. On the ifilh inst, at Upper Bangor, Mrs. Taylor, relict of the late Mr, Matthew Taylor, silk-mercer, High-street, liangor.
liAAGOR. ANGLESEY FARMING.—We arc glad to be able to an nounce that the special prizes for manures given by Messrs Proctor and Kylaml, and open to all England, have been awarded to Anglesey tanners. The fir&t prize of twenty guineas to Richard Parry, Esq., (Jam, liryn- sillicyn, itn,i tite seei)u(i of ten guineas, to Mr Thomas Wallace, Cet'npoeth. 11' Parry's crop was r.n ty t,ms to an acre, whereas the nearest to him could only pro- duce twenty-nine toll's to an acre. Mr Parry h, carricd ttle secouit pi-izes for some years, and all tho>e giveu by Lord Huston to his tenants, but he has this year gained a prize aspired to by all our largest farmers. We are glad to see such respectable firms as Proctor and Ity- land and others, encouraging farmers who go to such labour and expense in improviug and cultivating their laud. LLANIDAN ESTATE.—It will be seen by our advertising columns that the premiums annually given by the Right Hon. Lord Boston to the tenants on his Lordship's Estate ill North Wales, for the best green crops, have been awarded; and it allbrda us pleasure to hi-ar that the judge has expressed much satisfaction at the great improvement manifest in tho tillage, and generally im- proved condition of the land and crops. The kind libe- rality of this noble landlord towards his tenants, creates a pleasant spirit of rivalry among them and the in- creasing number of entries this year is a proof that it is fully appreciated, aud adds great credit to the successful competitors BANGOR BURIAL BOARD -011 Wednesday last, t'ie following members of this Burial Board met at the Cemetery for the purpose of examiniug the two chapels and the l»dge which let in water and are otherwise cut of repair—M.ijoi Vincent Williams, Messrs. H. Kennedy, Thomas Lewis (Frondeg), William Thomas, Owen Morris, R Gi-ittitli, Cceoi-ge James, and George S impsou. After the cnapels had been closely examined it was de- cided to leave the matter of the repairs to be carried out by the committee previously appointed, namely, Mr Kennedy, Mr Simpson, and Mr Tnomas. UNION COMMITTERS.—On Wednesdiy the following members of the Assessment Committee met at the workhouse to hear appeals, &c.-Itiglit Hon. Lord Penrhyn, chairman; W Bnlkeley Hughes, Esq., M.P.; Rev. Wynue Jones; Rev. T N ',k illi,itui Mr George Simpson; Mr Bicknell, and Mr Richard Hughes. Several notices of appeal from Anglesey had been sent i,-i to the Clerk but as none of the parties attended they fell to the ground, a-i a matter of course. Three or four appeals from Bangor were heard, and were de- cided upon. hospital Committee -The following mem- bers of this committee then held a meeting in refer- ence to the proposed Workhouse Hospital—Lord Pen- rhyn; W Bulkeley Hughes, Esq., M.P.; Rev. Wynne Jones Rev. T N Williams Messrs. (ieorge Simpson, John Roberts, C Bicknell, and Richard Hughes. Mr H Kennedy, the architect, was also iii attendance. Mr Kennedy's plan of the buildiu g was produced, and a discussion took place as to whether the plan could be really carried out for £1,200 which is the maximum sum which thc gnanlialM are allowed to borrow for this object. After a good deal of conversation, the com- mittee came to the conclusion, and in which Mr Kennedy himself agreed, that the plan could not be carried out in its entirety within the sum above named. Instructions were, therefore, given to Mr Kennedy to reduce or otherwise alter the plan, so that the cost would not exceed the amount which the Board is authorised to borrow.
BANGOR LOCAL BOARD OF HEALTH. The fortnightly meeting of this board was held on Thursday last, the 14th instant, when the following members were present :Itiglit I íonourable Lord Peu- rhyn, Aiessrs. George Simpson, Meshach Roberts, Thos. Lewis (Frondeg), aud C. liicknell. The minutes of the previous meeting were read over as usual. Neglect in Dc/ire; ing Cheques. — Mr Bicknell com- plained that the Clerk had neglected to hand over a cheque, which had been signed three weeks ago, until Monday last, and which neglect he hoped would not be repeated whilst he was a member of that board. The keeping of the cheque could have been of no manner of use to Ni r Hat-die, whilst the practice of keeping them so long may occasionally greatly inconvenience parties. The Gas and Water Company.—The Clerk stated that he, acting upon the instructions of the board, had written a letter to Mr White, Manager of the Gas and Water Company, requesting to be informed when it would be convenient for the Board to meet the Company to dis- cuss questions relating to the Gas and Water, but he had not received any reply to his letter. Subsequently Mr White waited personally upon the board; when.it was agreed that the meeting should take place in the Magistrates' Room, at the Police Station, at 12 o'clock on Saturday (this day). The Extension of the Sewerage Drain in Upper Bangor. —Four tenders were received to do the work connected with the extension of the drain in Upper Bangor, the length of such extension being 100 yards. Wm. ltobei-ts' offered to do the work for Gs lOd p;-r yard Thomas Davies for 6s 4d per yard if the ground were soil, or 7s lid if it be rock. Evan Hughes—if s >il, 6s 8d per yard if rock, 7s Sd. John Davies—soil, 6s 6d rock, 7s 6d. The Clerk stated, in reply to questions put to him by Lord Penrhyn and Mr Bicknell, that in the specifica- tions, he had gone upon the assumption that the board would take to the old pipes, which would be taken back by the Messrs. Thomas at cost price, and the above ten- ders were formed upon that understanding. This led to some sharp remarks, in ismuch as the board had, Mr Bicknell stated, decided that the contractors should have the old pipes and make their own bargain with Messrs. Thomas for the new ones. The tenders, the Chairman observed, were very un. satisfactory, as only one made any mention of pipes at all. He then asked to be shown the specifications. The Clerk said that the specifications were with Wm. Roberts, who ought to have returned them to him, and he had no copy of them, A messenger was then sent in quest of Roberts, but he could not be found. Nothing, therefore, was decided in the matter. Mr Bicknell also asked Mr llardie to explain how it was that his estimate of the work was only X12 10s Od; whereas the lowest of the tenders sent in came to nearly 1:40 1 Mr Hardie explained that it was owing to the pipes not being included. Six-inch pipes cost Is 3d each, of two feet. Mr Bicknell-But that would not make your estimate more than £ 20. Mr Hardie replied that he was willing to do the work himself for the sum of £ 12 10s Od. The Road on the Deanfield Property.—Mr Dixon at. tended the board personally to explain matters relative to a proposed entrance to a road to some houses which he is about to build at Deanfield. At a previous meet- ing he had asked, through the Clerk, to allow the entrance to the back of the cottages there to be less than what was required for a carriage road, and this the board refused to do for two reasons, first, because it would be an infringement of their own act; and, secondly, the board had, about a year ago, passed the plan with the said road marked upon it, and it could not be altered, nor even considered, without there being a wiitten ap- plication from Mr Dixon, in the first instance. Mr. Dixon explained that he had not the slightest intention to put himself up in opposition to the board, and he was quite willing to abide by any decision of theirs, as he was one that thought that such regulations were necessary. As to the road referred to, and which was marked on the plan, it was not intended for a car- riage road, only for a footpath to the houses, and neither did he ever intend to build houses in that spot. He also said he was willing to put up turnstyies at each end of the road so as to prevent the possibility of carta being taken along it. After some explanatory remarks by the Chairman and other members, Mr Hardie observed that if there were not a carriage- way to the back of the houses, it would be very iucon venient to the inhabitants of them, as they would have to go along way around in that case. Mr Dixon then said he saw the force of Mr Hardie's remark, and he thought after all it would be best to make the road there of the required width of twenty-one feet. As this settled the question, the matter dropped. ne Xew Rat"The Clerk produced his estimate of money which would be required by the Board during the enduing six months, the total amount being £ 639. The item set down for gas was iCI52 7s Od, as against X281 for the corresponding half-year of 1866-7. The Chairman asked what caused auch a great differ- ence between the two estimates ( The Clerk explained that last Je cr they burnt the gas all night; but the floird had sine" decided not to burn it after twelve o'clock at night. He had calculated the cost at an average of six hours a night. The Hoard appeared to be of opinion that f-ixhoura was too short a time and Mr Simpson, and Mr Lewis said that the gas was now put out at about half-past eleven which was much too early. L'fthuatety it was decided to let the matter stand over until after the meeting with the Gas Company. The cost for a new hose, and other matters, were then consi lere-i, when the rate-question was adjourned until the next meeting. Private Improvements.—These bonks were again ex- amined and great dissatisfaction was expressed at the way they are kept by the ( lei k. He was also severely blamed for making the gulleys in the Carnarvon Road last February, for Mr I lay wood, on behalf of the Car- narvon itoad Trust, without having a written order frolU .\Ir lLtywond to dn RO, as the morwy, J,ll;¡ had Dot been repaid. Mr Hardie was directed to write to the Clerk of the Trust, on the subject, but on his own account. The Proposed Pleasure Grounds.—A memorial was sent in digued by! he Kev. C. Jones and several other inhabitants childly of Upper liangor, praying that the Recreation Grounds be made in Upper liangor, and not on the 1 own Mountain. The Chairman, amidst much laughter, pointed out that one person was designa- ted ys''a gentleman," when there was a mark put to his name, as le supposed he could not write, The loilowing memorial was also read, and it was more numerouslyalld iLfluentiully feigned than the other To the Rij'ht Hon. Chairman, and Members of the Paw/or Local Poanl of Health. Ily LORD, AND GKNTLEMKN*,—We, the uiidersigned, beiniz ratepayers within the distiict of the liangor Hoard of Health, but principally of that part of it which is comprised in Upper iijiiigor and (;aitli, beg tesl)cctftilly to iiiejiiora!ise your board on the subject of the proposed recreation grounds for the people of liangor and tii-; occasional visitors to the town. 1 hat it is desirable that some place should he set flpart and appropriated tor pleasurable recitation is generally admitted, as it will have a (tirect tendency to promote health and amuse- mcnt, alHl form an additional attraction to visitors and others, the w.tnl of which has long been feit and complained of, as in most other tow ni similar to Unn^or, there is to be found some piace of public recreation in which persons can walk, other than tho turnpike toad or highway, and without bang looked upon as trespassers. The omy point, therefore, to be settled is, where is the best s te for such grounds, all things considered ? Two places have I)ee;A iia i,c I aii(I I)oizite(i out, atid both are on property belonging to Lord Penihvn, namely, on the hill between Upper liangor and Garth and the other on the hill in Lower Bangor, known as the Town Mountain. Lord Penrhyn, with his ch iracterisbc liberality, ha, loft the choice practically in the hands of Jonr b lard, subject in each case to certain reason- able conditions; and, therefore, the sole responsibility of the decisioli will rest entirely with you, in your collective capacity. "Originally, and when the proposal was first mooted by Mr John H()herts, Bra/lfard House, your board was unanimous in favour of the hill by Silliwen but since then other influences, it would appear, have bem brought to bear. and the board now seem disposed to adopt the town hill in preference and it is in reference to this decision that we, the undersigned,respectfully beg f r a hearing. Public prolw,ty should be f"r the benefit of the public, or the majority of the public. Pleasure g ounds for a town should he ?n*ily accas.blo and available to all persons in it, whether they be the settled inhabitants or only casual visitors. Con- sidered from this pobt or view, th re is really no comparison between the two sites referred to. The hill by MUiwen is easily accessible; it is almost equally available from Lower Bangor, Upper liangor, and Garth and it is within easy distance from where the bulk of t.ie visitori (who iieneiit the whole town) lbually top; awl the scenery is beautiful, varied, and gener- ally admiivd. The Town Mountain, on the contrary, is almost inaccessible even to strong and healthy parties, but positively so to valetudinarians, elderly people, an t young children so tliut the pleasure grounds would virtually be cut otf from Upper liangor and Garth, and the inhabitants of those neighbour- hoods. To make the pleasui e grounds where it is now proposed, would be in fact, to sacrifice the interests of the many to those of the few, and to practically nu:lify the o,i," i, I iiteittloit of the board. We respectfu ly ask -why should this be done ? No im- partial person, viewing and examining the two sites, would or could give a preference to the I own Hill; what loeally-iutorest- ed parties can sometimes do, you, gentlemen, know as well as we do. w "We, the undersigned, in conclusion, respectfully ask the board to leconsider the matter before you iirevocibJy decide; and in making this we do so upon public grounds only, believing as we do that a recreation ground for the town, on tIte Garth Hill, would greatly advantage the whole of Bangor; whilst, if made upon the Town llill, it would be of no advan- tage to any one. or to any class, not even to twos'* who live in the centre of High-street, and under its shadow. As to the visitor-, we beg to state, not as an opinion, but as a fact, that although the mostly reside in Upper Bangor, it is Lower liangor which profits most by them, and particularly the large sliops of all khds in High-street; and as a plain proof of this we have only to point to the difference of the trade of the town, and in Lower liangor especially, in summer and winter." Here followed about sixty or seventy signatures in- cluding all the principal householders of Upper Bangor. The Chairman said that when people wanted ground for anything, they always pointed out the name of L"nl Penrhyn." In Upper Bangor, there was land owned by Col. Williams, which was more suitable for pleasuregrounds than the Garth Ilill, and there also was land belougingto Vaynol; but it was to Lord Peni-hyn to whom they applied. He then asked what was to be done in the matter ? The object of the two memorials was identical. Mr Biekuell remarked they were signed by the in- habitants of Upper Bangor solely, and it was very plain that they did not care for the interests of the people of Lo,i,er Bai),r. MrMesach Roberts observed that he believed the majority of the ratepayers were opposed to the expense of making Pleasure Grounds, as shown in the public meeting. Mr Simpson denied that if the public meeting were to be taken as a test, as the meeting was in favour of them being made. Mr Roberts replied that he believed if the town were canvassed that it would be against making Pleasure Grounds. The Chairman said he certainly was not disposed to give ground for the sake of "Casual Visitors." Mr Sitnpson disagreed with Air M. Roberts; the people did not object to Pleasure Grounds, but they may object to paying towards them perhaps. Mr Bicknell said something should be done soon for persons trespassed upon his property on the town hill regularly, and pulled down and broke hurdles, and did other mischief; and donkeys also trespassed upon it, and he could not prevent them. The Chairman suggested that he should impound them. ihe memorialists said something about their "having a hearing" —was there any one in attendance who wished to speak to the board ? The Clerk said there was not. Vhe matter then dropped without anything being decided upon in reference to the memorials. The remaining business of the board was taken up with financial matters, the Clerk's Books, &c.
rV iliONIOL CyMKU, VRICE ONE PEXNY. A WEEKLY M:\VSPAPKK, PRINTED IN THE WELSH LANGUAGE. CONTAINING well-selected Articles, Re- ports, Local Intelligence. Spirit of the Press, Agri- culture Markets, &c. It is extensively circulated among the Lower and Middle Classes of Wales, and among Welshmen generally in London, Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol aud other towus in England, Ireland, and Kcot- land. All excellent iiiediuiii for advertising, as its pre- sent circulation exceeds U,Ooo copies weekly. Subscribers to the NORTH ALES (JllKONlCLE are respectfully reminded that one red stamp will cover the postage ot the two papers printed at this OUice—t»i- press( (i stamped copies must be sent separate. Orders for Papers, Advertisements, &c., must be sent early in the week to the Proprietor, JottN KENMUIK DOUGLAS, Chronicle Otiice, Baugor. 44, LORD STREET, LIVERPOOL, 1ST OCT., 1807. milE Skips cont?inmg the First I Cargoes of NEW lEASfor the English Markets have now arrived—and although some fault has been justly found with much of the crop, the quality, in some instances, is fouud to be "TRULY FINK/' while the quantity shipped from Chiua to this country, up to the latest date, is very largt. "We have now selected our usual Annual Stock of Teas, whieh is admitted to contain some of the linest qualities imported this season. The above facts enable us to make au impor- tant reduction in the price of our finest 1EAS, viz. :— Formerly. Now. The Choicest KAISOW TEA, g ? .6 Very rich ami 'M? ?«t'«Mt' 31,8 J u i THE EXTUA FINK SOCCHOSG I O IN >> "CHUiUEST" "?'/4 The qualities of the above Teas are too well known to require any comment.—The First- ClasiCONGt)U, Rich Souchong flavour^ 3/O-anLl the VERY FINE CONGOU, Strong Pekoe- Souchong kind, :Jjô-will be found excellent Teas, the former being the early pickings of the first crop, and the latter a good selection of the second growth, possessing great strength and flavour.-Thc FIXE CONGOU, Strong Ankoi kind, 2s. 4d—aud the STRONG CONGOU, Souchong kind, 2s. Od. —are well worth special attelitiou-beiii6 very good useful Teas. Medium and ordinary kinds very much lower. All parcels for the Town arc delivered DAILY within a radius of Four Miles of our Establish- ment, and for the Suburbs—Cheshire, &e.— "WEEKLY.—The Vans arc despatched at Eight o'clock A.M. and One o'clock P.M. precisely. Ciy* Goods for the Country are despatched punctually on the day following the receipt of Orders. Terms :—Net Cash.—Payment on re- ceipt and approval of Goods. ELLIS DAVIES & Co., 41, LanD STILET, LIV-EKPOOL.
Terms of Subscription to the North Wales Chronicle. STAM RUN. Cash. Credit. I Yea ly His.21s. .Half-yearly Us. 0d..10s. 0d. Quarterly 5s. 6s. üd UNSTAMPED. Ciw/i. Credit Yearly 14 s. 10s. Half-yearly 7s. 8s. (juartorly 3s. Od. 4s JOHN KENMUIB UOUGLAS.
I OUR VAGRANTS. I The question of vagrancy is now attracting coil, siderable attention in many parts of both England and Wales, by reason of the alarming increase of tramps during the last few years, and who swarm over every part of the country, but particularly in those parts of it which adjoin the leading high- ways. It is a great social and economic question which requires to be definitely settled, if it be possible to do so, and speedily. The modern tramp is a type of the mendicant class almost unknown to our forefathers. The well-known imbecile of our country villages was understood, and could be easily dealt with; and so could also the worn-out, and decrepit day labour- er, who worked manfully and honestly until he could work no longer. These are legitimate ob- jects for private charity, and irrespective of the provisions made to keep them just above starva- tion point by the Poor Laws. We could likewise understand hundreds of families being thrown out of work by the periodical depression in our popu- lous manufacturing districts; or colliers "on strike," as it is termed, and the men rambling about the country in gangs, soliciting assistance in their temporary and exceptional want. These cases, though deplorable enough in themselveS) were plain and intelligible, though the necessity was often the result of the men's own perverse obstinacy, and total ignorance of the stern laws of social and political economy. But the modern tramp, as a rule, is quite of a dis- tinct class altogether, and lie systematically lives, and intends so to live, on the haid-earned wages of honest and industrious men. He is a free- booter, just within the law, and very often he forages a little on the wrong side of the legal line. Lonely cottages, with the husband absent at work, is a certain storehouse to him, and from which he forces a contribution, and when a fitting opportunity presents itself, he takes the little liberty of helping himself. He levies black mail, too, on small isolated farm-houses, in the out- premises of which he has a penchant for sleeping at nights and when this right" or privilege, is denied to him, as it is occasionally, he thinks it is only retributive justice to set fire to the stacks and buildings, merely to demonstrate that tramps are not to be slighted with impunity As for working to gain a livelihood, lie never thinks of such a thing, but leaves such servile bondage to be gone through by silly country-folk who know no better, and who are the stupid slaves of the parson or the squire Now this is a novel feature in pauper vagabond- age, and there are not wanting shrewd people who say that it has been caused by the arrangements of the Poor Law Board themselves, and the worst of it is that these wandering and lazy harpies are yearly increasing in an astounding ratio. In the Wrexham Union alone, as stated by Captaiu Pauton at the important meeting held at Rhyl on Wednesday, the 0th instant, the number of vag- rants relieved at the workhouse was 4,012 in the year 1865 in 1866 the number amounted to 4,224; whilst in the present year up to the pre- sent time, there have been relieved no less than 6,346, so that 14,50U vagrants have passed through the town of Wrexham alone during a part of three years. There has likewise been a proportionate increase in nearly all the Unions comprised within the counties of Denbigh, Flint, and Merionethshire, and we believe in all the other Unions throughout North Wales. These are disheartening, if not alarming, facts, and the more so as the majority of the tramps are able- bodied men and women, who are fit to labour and to get a honest livelihood. The question, therefore, which naturally arises is-what is to be done, what steps should be taken in order to check this tide of tramping vagabondage, and at the same time not to deal harshly and unjustly towards the honest and bona fide wayfarer, who is really removing from one part of the country to another in search of em- ployment ? It is a question, we are sorry to say, which is much easier asked than answered and it has given rise to suggestions and schemes ad libitum, but none of which are at all conclusive or satisfactory. We shall briefly notice one or two of them which were advocated at the Rhyl meeting above referred to, a lengthened report of which was given in the last number of the Chronicle. The Chairman of the meeting, Captain Panton, seemed inclined to favour the scheme propounded by Mr Baker, a gentleman well-known in connec- tion with our Reformatory Schools, which is a mo- del of simplicity, and which is now being tried in Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, and other mid- land counties of England, and it is stated with some success. Mr Baker proposes that private charity to individual persons should cease alto- getber but that persona travelling through the country shall be admitted into the workhouse and be given a supper, a. be(l, and breakfast, upon the production of a certificate from some Union situate at least twenty miles distant. This, it is contended, would confine relief to honest seekers for work only, and would exclude the pro fessional vagrant, who is merely seeking for the means to keep himself in idleness, and not for work in order to maintain himself. But is this scheme a practicable one ? Can it be carried out, and will it effect the object which it proposes? We think not. All "honest" men cannot walk twenty miles in a day, and especially if they be old, infirm, or are labouring under illness however slight, and what are they then to do in order to reach their place of destination ? as there would be nothing left for them to do, but to beg, steal, or starve 1 And besides, working men have often families, and in removing from one place to another it would be desirable in some cases, for the family to accompany the bread-gainer how then would the" scheme work in such a case, for little children cannot be supposed to walk twenty miles for a bed and a sup- per, and without having had any dinner ? We agree with the Rev. David Roberts that Mr Baker's plan may do for populous districts, in which workhouses are numerous but as applied to the country generally, and especially to Wales, it is a lame" plan, and will never answer. It may be tried but we fear the objections to it are irisuperabls and radical. Mr Doyle, too, is of this opinion, and thinks' in addition that it would create a new and legal" ized class of mendicants, even worse and more numerous than the present one. But he also has a specific, which we believe is fully as objection- able as that of Mr Baker's. He thinks the pre- sent system, including Mr Baker's, goes to en- courage vagrancy, and lie instanced the increase of vagrants in St. Asaph Union as a proof, as in that Workhouse the number of tramps had in- creased from 123 in the year ending Michaelmas, 1863 to 1,5113 in the year emling Michaellllas 1867,—an astounding increase, cei,t,,tiiily Mr Doyle, therefore, proposes that no relief be given to able-bodied tramps of any kind at the same time he expressed it wish to deal lenientlv with the really necessitous." But Ali- Doyle forgot, or appeared to forget, that poverty and "real neces- sity" are not exclusively confined to infirm or in- valided persons, and how does his plan provide for honest men in search of honest labour 1 In addition to this, Captain Panton stated that the orders of the Poor La v Board were perfectly plain and decisive that all necessitous persons should be relieved, or the Guardians would be held responsible for any misadventure which might happen. Mr Doyle's reply, that what he stated was the law, and that law was above all Boards whatever, shows but too plainly the diffi- culties which surround the question, and that the Poor Law Board differ amongst themselves not only as to what should be done, but also upon what the law itself requires to be done Mr James Mauripe, Chairman of the Ruthin Board of Guardians, then made a suggestion, fine" enough in theory as was remarked by Captain Thomas, but very difficult to reduce to practice, namely for the Government to find work for able-bodied vagrants, and for them to be em- ployed under the superintendence of Boards of Guardians. This Captain Thomas said would re- quire a New Poor Law and besides the tramps would not work, and they dare not refuse them relief. It is clear that Mr Maurice's work-test would be certain to fail, for tramps hate nothing so much as bodily labour, and if working were made compulsory they would steal in preference. This is the class of men which we have to deal with, and which seems to be augmenting in num- bers daily. Of course there can be no harm in making en- quiries on the subject, in collecting statistics, in holding correspondence with other Boards of Guardians, and in communicating the results of all this to Parliament and it may be that ultimately some practical and efficient plan may be hit upon and devised to separate, to some extent, the chaff from the wheat, in the bestowal of relief to vagrants. But such scheme has yet to be found, for it is certain the one proposed by Mr Baker will not effect the object in view, for it would render "relief" a farce, and would be much more likely to punish the honest wayfarer than the wandering and idle vagabond, whose prime concern is to get a good living out of the labour of other people, and to live a life of careless and independent idleness. Something, however, must be done to wipe off the disgrace from England of being the Land of Beggars." In this day's Chronicle our readers will find a brief letter oil the subject, which contains a hint, which we think is deserving of serious attention by all those concerned in this matter. The letter is headed" Tramps," aud it is written by an in- telligent gentleman of much practical experience. Disapproving of Mr Baker's scheme, the writer suggests that a vagrant should take with him on his journey, and from the place from where he started, a police, orother certificate, upon which is to be stated his occupation, and the town to which lie is going, with some other details. Upon the production of this certificate he is to be relieved at all the Workhouses he may call at on his route to the end of his journey. Should a man break down on the road from want of funds, lie can re- main in the Workhouse until a certificate be pro- cured. This plan would exculde all merely pro- fessional pads, whilst it would secure assistance to those who are honestly in search of employment, and who know where they are going to and what they are going for. This spread of vagrancy is a blot upon our civilization and, coupled with trades' unions and Fenianism, is a very disagreeable symptom. Certain classes of the lower stratum of society are not only becoming lawless, but impu- dent and defiant, and they require a master with a stern will and a strong arm to put them down. We have dilly-dallied with treason and assassina- tion so long in Ireland that they are now brought to our own door and it is come to this, that if the law-abiding classes do not master the mob, the mob will master them. In Sheffield, Manches- ter, and many other towns, men will only work for what wages they please, and for whom and upon what conditions they please, and they band together to force their laws upon employers. Another section refuse to work upon any condi- tions whatsoever, but prowl about the country by hundreds, living by begging and upon the earnings of hard working, industrious men who scarcely know what a day's rest is; and when fair means fail them they use foul means, and steal and rob by force. This is what modern vagrancy signifies and if the local authorities can devise no means to put an end to this disgraceful and humiliating state of matters, it is high time that the Imperial Legislature interposed. It is come to a pretty pass when the ratepayers of England must feed idle and impudent tramps, whether they be willing to do so or not.
THE FENIANS. On Tuesday morning the last batch of the Manches- ter Fenian prisoners were placed in the dock-William Martin, John Francis Nugent, Patrick Coffey, John Ba- con, William John Brophy, John Brennan, and 'I imothy Featherstoue. Mr Pickering, Q.C., however, announced that the prosecution intended to proceed against two only of the prisoners—Brennan and Featherstone. The others were then discharged. The jury, after a quarter of an hour's consultation, found Breuuau and Feather- stone guilty, whereupon these, and the five previously convicted of misdemeanour, were placed in the docks, and each of the seven were sentenced to five years' penal servitude. As John Francis Nugent, one of the dis- charged prisoners, was leaving the court, he was re-ap- prehended by Head-constable Thomas Welby, of the Irish constabulary, on a Lord-Lieutenant's warrant, charging him with treason felony. Nugent was one of those concerned in the rising in the north of Ireland, at Drogheda, in March last, and only escaped from the police on that occasion by jumping from a window. The day for the execution of the four convicts- Allen, Larkin, Shore, and Gould-has not been fixed but, according to Lancashire custom, it would be the Saturday fortnight, after the conclusion of the assizes, which will be the 30th instant. When Capt. Mitchell, governor of the prison in which Maguire was confined, received the Home-office direction to release him, he at once went to the cell in which Ma- guire was confined, and was the first to enter it that morning He told Maguire that he was not going to keep him any longer, but should turn him out" at once. Maguire, who is an ignorant man, seemed not to understand the real purport of the communication but when told that he was at liberty to depart, he manifes- ted the utmost joy and thankfulness. In the early morning, before eight o'clock, the prison doors were thrown open for him, and he went out alone. The news of his release was spread in a rather curious manner. A boy who was driving a cart passed Maguire at the corner of the gaol, near Chapel-street, and at once recognised him. The cry, There's Maguire I" was taken up by a dozen persons, and he was escorted to the house of his sister, in Preston's Court, Greengate, by a crowd which augmented at every step. Mrs Perkins, Maguire's sis. ter, and an unmarried sister, were just opening the house when he rushed in; and their joy and surprise may be imagined. Maguire and his friends join in ex- pressing the warmest gratitude to the gentlemen who took an interest in him.