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THE NORTH AND SOUTH. We last week had to announce intelligence from the seat of war in America "disastrous" to the Confederates; and this week, we fear, we must say with a contem- porary, "The South is doomed." The evacuation of Richmond has been followed by the surrender of Lee's army; and in the greater part of the Confederated States there is now no force capable of making head against the numerous corps which, under Grant, Sher- man, and Sheridan are in possession of nearly all the coast and the principal towns in the country. There may still be resistance, there may still be organised military defence; but we fear the hope of successs is vanished- Southern independence is a dream of the past; and greatly it is to be regretted, both for America and the world at large, that such has been the result of the un- equal contest which for the last 4 years has been waged between North and South. This last act of Lee's must have been the most pain- ful of his life. His career, from its commencement in 1861, has been one of honour and glory. With his comparatively small force he baffled and defeated the best Generals of the North. His army—that of "Northern Virgiuia"—" destroyed"—says the corres- pondent of the Stundard, writing from New York on the 11th inst. five armies, it repelled eight invasions, dug the graves of 200,000 Federal soldiers, and humi- liated the pride of the North." Reduced to 25,000 or 20,000 men, how long could it have withstood the onset of 200,000 Federal veterans, Bushed with victory and completely equipped, converging upon them from every point of the compass ?" They might have sold their lives dearly and perished in the field; but perish they must had resistance been determined upon Lee therefore, having met with a generous enemy, who offered him terms which, under the circumstances, were fair and honourable, instead of calling upon him to sur- render unconditionally, yielded to his fate; and on Palm Sunday accepted the conditions offered by Grant. It was, no doubt, hard thus to close the campaign he had entered upon with lively hopes. He might have terminated it more gloriously by fighting, and added 10,000 more lives to those already sacrificed; but he acted much more in the spirit of a Christian by declin- ing to fight when victory was impossible; and he has not sullied his career by signing terms which, instead of making his men prisoners of war, enable them to return to their homes, where they will not be molested unless they break their parole. And what home will many of them have to return to I Except in the interior, where the enemy have not yet penetrated, the houses are devastated, the fields are bare, the gardens are wild; whilst scarcely one fa- mily in the Seceded States but has to mourn the loss of relatives or friends! And the future is still uncertain. Lincoln appears determined to exact complete submis- Non so galling to the Southern heart; and he has closed all the ports of Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, and Texas, thus doing his best to continue the country in that impo- verishment and desolation which his troops have caused. The proclamation declaring the ports of the above states and territories closed was followed by another, to the effect, that if Federal vessels of war in foreign ports continue to be subjected to the restrictions now imposed upon them, vessels of foreign states will receive the same treatment in United States ports. These procla- mations are inconsistent, says that hitherto unscrupu- lous defender of Federal policy, the Morning Star. The first, closing to foreign ships the ports of the late Confederacy, is a virtual acknowledgement that a state of war still exists, and that it would be inconvenient and impolitic to permit to foreigners privileges only con- sistent with a state of peace. The second, on the other hand, claims from foreign nations all those advantages and concessions of peace for national vessels, which the United States are not prepared to concede to foreigners in the shape of commercial vessels." Nothing can be more inconsistent-more unjust; and as Abraham Lin- coln has a motive in every thing he does, we strongly suspect that the last proclamation is especially aimed at England, with a view of causing renewed discussions and differences that may lead to war. We learn that there are still 123,000 Confederates in arms—viz., about 10,000 guerillas, 40,000 under Gen. Johnston in North Carolina, 15,000 irregular cavalry under General Forrest, 20,000 under General Gordon, Grainger defending the lines from Meridian, Mississippi, to Augusta, Georgia, 8,000 at Mobile under General Gardner, and 30,000 under Gen. Kirkby Smith in Texas, which could be increased to 60,000 in case of in- vasion. These different corps may be concentrated in Texas, and cause the North many lives, and much time and money to subdue them. But they could not ul- timately succeed; and it ia to be wiahed, as the Con- federacy must yield, that it may do so without any fur. ther loss of life. It is heroic to stake your life for your country's good; but when it isevijent that the odds are so great that sucoess is not merely improbable, but impossible, it is wisest to submit. Such are the circum- stances under which the South is now placed. The North has triumphed; and we deeply regret the fate of the Confederates, who have resisted wonderfully, when we recollect the odds against them now, when victory is no longer in their power, the best thing they can do, if Mr. Lincoln offers at all reasonable terms, is to lay down their arms.












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