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.OMf' ib'1\ry I



BRIEF HISTORICAL NOTICES IN REFERENCE TO ANGLESEY. fErjEVEXTtI KOriOE.] A.D. ]] 97.—Llewelyn ap lorwerth, having reigned three years, his undo, Din-id ap Owen, raised a great armv of Engtish and Welsh, with the view of wrestmg the Principatity from his nephew. On rooeiviug mforma- tion of David's Intention, Llewelyn left Anglesey with a powerful force, met him, and gave him battle, routed him, took him prisoner, and delivered him in safe cu9- tody. A.D. 1202 —AberSraw and Anglesey had great re- joicings. Llewelyn tookto himself a wife, JoM, daughter of King John. A.I). 1203.—Llewelyn despatched messengers from Aherm-aw to Kberate his oncie David, who, instead of living peaceably, and enjoying the liberty that was grant. ed him, fled to England, raised an army, with a view of dethroning his nephew Llewelyn met Mm, and over- came him, David returned to England, and died of grief. A.D. 1210.—LIewe)yn hearing that the King of Eng- land, with a mighty army, comprehending the whole English nation, and the Lords and Princes of South Wa)es, had reached Chester, intending to enter North Wales, with the determination to execute the severest vengeance upon the inhabitants, and not to let one living soul remain alive throughout the whole country. Prince Llewelyn was no sooner informed of these mighty pre- parations gainst him, than he issued forth his orders to the inhabitants of the Island of Anglesey, and to the Counties of Denbigh and Flint to remove for a time all their cattle and effects to Snowdon Hills, where they were sure to remain secure from their enemies. White snugly and securely encamped amid these impregnable natural fortresses they could sing :— The Banner of the chieftain, Far, far below us waves, The w;(r-horse of the shearman Cannot reach these lofty caves; The dark cloud wraps the threshold, Of Freedom's lastabode; For the strength of the hilts we bless Thee, Our God,—our father's God." A.D.1321.—While Prince Llewelyn was enjnylngthe comforts or his ";uaca at AberSnuv, his son Gryftydh, Absolom.)ike, rebelled aK.'inst bia father. The Prince was resolved to curb the iuso]ency of his son, and march- ed forth with a great army. The refractory so)), undis- mayed, made atl possible preparations to oppose his father, and (h'e\v np his forces to give him b:[He, but ivlien b) 'li armies were re:\(ly f()r a bloody engagement, the difference;) betwixt them, wora fortun:te)y seWed, and Gryt!dh.was prevailed upon to make submission to ¡ hi<> f,dler. The pj'illa recnmerl to Aher{¡'I'[\w, and after a fetv week' rfpose, w.n compeUed to ]e:tve his Palace, and march to .outh Waica, with a view of punishing young Khys, who had east ofthts aUegiancc to the Prince, and pllt Imnst']f ulldertheproLecliollof \Vi1!iamhr,;b.:tll, Earl of Pemhrok". Happily matters were adjusted A.D. 12ï.-1'iJi, w.M a yc.'u' of great tri.tl to Prince Llewelyn. The Princess of Wales, the daughter of King John, departed tuM life at Aberfr.'aw, and was buried, according to her own desire, upon thu sea short;, at a p'ace e died Llanhes, where the Prince in memory of her. founded a i-eli,.ioti-A house for the order of A'iendi- eantr'riars. A.D, ) 240,-Llewelyn (.he Great died April the Uth, 1210, ((!2.j ye.u's since i'.tis t.i'nt') having reigned six and tifty ye;ws, and wa3 buried wn,h great pomp at Conway Abbey.. Llewelyn was a Prince of great courage; prudent in contriving, and bold in execunngany martial adventure. During his reign, some of the sterner engagements be- tween the two Kingdoms were fought. He was a. great support to theWeis!), and no )e.Mapfagua to the Mf)g- lish. Hewasdeagn't.ed" Tae Great,"not from he extent of hi.. con(J\1e,s, but from the brilliant ability which achieved them against the enormous odds of the Hortn:u power. One<'nuss!ylugsde-iervetobore- corded. Henry Iff. was manifest In his chan.ies. Llewelyn on one occasion aHIoni.gomery, being s'.iewn a roll of the whole military forces of England, and threat- ened with excommunication by the Po;'c, if he persisted in continuing hostilities, calm)y replied, "I fear my brother'.sch;u'i(.Ies, (lie to fleiiiy 111.) more than 1 do all t!te armies of HngtMd, or the fulmi- uations of the Pope and Clergy."

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