THE CHARGE OF MURDER AT HOLYHEAD. The court was opened at half-past ten o'clock a.m., at which time a dense crowd had assembled, all demon- strating in their countenances deep anxiety to hear what had been announced ta take place the previous -day, namely, the trial of Thomas Walsh, 29, cattle drover, far the wilful mur- der of Patrick Hill, at Holyhead, on the 18th of Janu- ary, 1865. The prisoner, on being arraigned, pleaded Not Guilty in a trembling and pitiful tone. Mr. Melntyre and Mr. Hilton prosecuted, and Mr. Morgan Lloyd defended the prisoner. Mr. Melntyre, in stating the case to the jury, said that the prisoner at the bar stood charged before them upon one of the most serious offences that could be committed against the laws of any country, viz., the wilful murder of a fellow man. The enquiry upon which they were entering was one of serious conse- quence to the prisoner and to the public at large, be- cause whilst on the one hand the jury should take care that no man was unfairly or improperly convicted, so upon the other it was their bounden duty to attend to the evidence, and if it justified a conviction, how great soever the punishment might be, they had no alterna- tive but to find a verdict of guilty. He implored them to discard from their minds aill reports they had perchance heard out of court respecting the case, and to establish their verdict solely on the evidence that would be taken oil oath at the trial. The prisoner was indicted for having feloniously killed and wounded Patrick Hill, at Holyhead. The prisoner and the de- ceased were cattle drovers, and at the time the occur- ence took place they were expecting some pigs, in which they were interested, to arrive from Ireland. On the 17th of January last they were together at the Forester's Arms, in Holyhead, kept by Mr. Anthony Carroll, a most important witness in the case. The two appeared then to be on friendly terms. The prisoner was rather drunk, perhaps more than rather drunk, towards evening. The deceased was not so drunk as the prisoner. During the day, particu- larly in the evening, the prisoner had been playing at cards. They remained in the house from ten or eleven until it was closed, about midnight, when they left. They were out for some time. Mr. Carroll did not go to bad immediately after clearing the house, as he expected some persons by traiu. Meanwhile, the prisoner and deceased returned to the house and had some ale. They again departed, and again returned about half lieit three in the morning of the 18th (they expected the pigs about live o'clock), Walsh said he wanted some brandy, but Mr. Carroll refused, believing that he had had enough. Hill said he would "stand it," but Mr. Carroll declined to give any. They again departed into the street. Mr. Carroll heard them quar- relling he opened the door of his house, and saw them both in a fighting attitude. He separated them, and induced them to be quiet. They, however, rushed to each other a second time a scuffle took place, and both fell down. Whilst scuffling on the ground, Mr. Carroll heard Hill cry out, "Oh, lie has a knife," which were the last words he ever uttered. Mr. Carroll lifted Hill up, and took him t" his lodgings. Dr. Nicholson was sent for, and he discovered that Hill had six wounds on the back, but on making a post mortem examina- tion, a seventh was found on the left shoulder. Hill died shortly afterwards. The learned counsel concluded with a few impressive observations on the nature of the case. Mr. Carroll was nrst.calle<i. tie saici-i seep the Forester's Arms, Holyhead. I remember seeing the pri- soner Walsh, and the deceased, Hill, at my house on that evening. They were not sober, but the prisoner was the more drunk. We closed the hou about twelve o'clock, and the two went out to the next door. They appear- ed to be on very friendly terms. I heard them having a conversation about business—they were bath waiting for pigs to come by the steamer. I saw them again two hours afterwards. They returned to the house about three o'clock in the morning. They wanted me to sup- ply them with a glass of brandy each. I heard them having some words together. Hill, the deceased, said he could stand (that is, he could afford to pay for) a glass, 31 well as Walsh could, and Walsh said he could'nt. I then said I would'nt draw any more drink, whoever Would pay for it, and I told them to go home to their house. Wa'sh called Hill a prig, or something like that. In a minute or two after they had left, I heard them quarrelling outside. I immediately went out, and saw them in the act of fighting. I tried to separate them, and I succeeded in doing so for a moment. Hill had his coat off; but Walsh, who had two eoats, had both of them on. They began to fight again. I could not stop them. Hill had put on his coat, which was a small black one. I tried to separate them a second time, but I eould not do it. Walsh was tipsy, but not so much as to prermt him from standing. I saw Hill strike Walsh a heavy blow on theehest, and he told himtocomeon again, as he would give it" to him. Walsh did go on again; when r they closed together and began wrestling, and each tried to hit the other as well as he could. They went on wrestling, and boxing, and at last both fell together on the ground. I wel I t to them; but I cannot swear who was uppermost. I then heard Hill exclauu- He has a knife he has a knife-oh He said no more after that. I assisted Hill to get up and I asked Walsh if he had a knife ? He replied, "o." Walsh then pro. ceeded to his lodgings, at Campbell s, which was next door. When I spoke to Walsh I was in the act of lifting IIillup off the ground. I did not know that the knife was used at the time. The whole affair in the street lasted about two or three minutes. The deceased appeared as if he had been stunned. When he got to his lodgings, I took his clothes off to examine him, and I found two stabs then. I at once went for the doctor (Mr. Nicholson); but he died in a few minutes after the doctor arrived. I then went for Iuspector » llliams. When charged with the crime of stabbing the deceased, he said he kuew nothing at all about it. Cross-examined by Mr. Morgan Lloyd—-I have known Walsh and the deceased for some time. Hill, though a much lighter man, was a better fighter than Walsh- much better. Walsh is a noisy, good-natured sort of a fellow—full of impulse and excitement at the moment. Up to that evening they appeared to be really friends. The quarrel commenced by Hill saying he could stand drink as well as Walsh; and then Walsh said he couldn't, and called him a prig. Walsh had two coats on all the time, one of which was a very stiff one. I did not ex- actly see the commencement of the fight, as they had begun before I went out. The whole time was only be- tween two and three minutes. They were wrestling with each other when they fell. I saw Hill hit Walsh a very heavy blow upon the chest. My impression was that Hill was uppermost, but I cannot say for certain. They continued to struggle until Hill cried out. James Hamrock-I live with my father at Holyhead. Was in the town ou the 17th of January. Was called up at 4 o'clock in the morning by Hill and the last wit- ness. Procured a light, and went with Mr. Carroll for a doctor. Hill died shortly after the doctor arrived. The deceased was a very quiet man. He never spoke after he came into the house, in my hearing. Margaret Noble-I am the wife of W. Noble, and live at Station Place, in Holyhead. Knew the prisoner Walsh. During the night I heard a noise in the street, ond got up to the window. Saw several men on the street. Heard a voice which I knew to be Walsh's, and heard the other two men speaking, but did not know then who they were. Cannot speak as to the exact time when this happened. Heard a man shouting He has a knife-he has a knife but did not know who he was. Recognised Thomas Walsh, but they moved on, and soon went out of my sight. Walsh had gone down the town, and out of my sight. Cross-examined by Mr. M. Lloyd-Some one said, Do run away," or Let me run away, as I don't want to fight," but I don't know who it was. Re-questioued by Mr. Melntyre—It was not the pri. soner Walsh who said that-it was one of the other two men. James Hamrock, sen-I live at the Old Station Place, Holyhead; and the deceased, Hill, lodged with me. I saw Hill and Walsh at Mr. Carroll's house. Walsh was very drunk. I saw him (Walsh) playing at cards; but Hill did not do so. My house is about 50 yards from that of Mr. Carroll's. I saw Hill alive about 11 o'clock that evening, and oil the following morning at 5 o'clock he was lying dead upon the sofa. As far as I could judge, the two men always appeared to be on friendly terms, like any two other men. Edward Owen-I am an Inspector of Police at Holy- head. On the morning of the 18th of January I was fetched by Mr. Carroll, at about 5 o'clock, and I went with him to Mr. Campbell's house and found the pri- soner Walsh there. I told him I had a charge against him of stabbing a young man named Hill, when lie re- plied that he knew nothing about it. I searched him, but I found no knife, nor were there any marks of blood upon his clothes. When he was in the station I re- searched him, but found nothing of importance upon him. He then said to me that there had been a squab- ble between Hill and himself. At 11 o'clock in the morning he made a more lengthened statement. At that hour I heard a moaning in the prisoner's cell, and I went in to see what was the matter. He complained to me that the place was hard, when I replied that he would have to remain there, I then asked him was he aware that Hill was dead f when he said—no, he wasn't. When I told him he was dead, he burst out crying. He then said they had been to Carroll's all night playing cards, and that he had called Hill a little prig. He then struck him (Walsh) once, twice, three times, until he was down. He then told Hill if he did not go away he would kill him. He (Walsh) then drew out his knife and committed the deed. The prisoner then ad- ded-" I'll say the same words before my Maker, and: if I was upon the gallows—I've nothing more to say." l asked lipita where the knife was, when he replied that he had thrown it away. I have looked for it since, but I have not been enabled to find it. There were cuts in the deceased's coat—seven in number. Cross-examined by Mr. Morgan Lloyd—Walsk was in drink when I first went to him, and when I took him into custody. Yes, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon I heard him moaning in his cell; but when I opened the door he ceased moaning, and complained to me of the place being hard. When I told him that Hill was dead, he appeared to be in great grief. He appeared in a state of great grief and sorrow, and "repentance." Emelius Rowley Nicholson-I am a surgeon, and practice at Holyhead. At half-past 4 o'clock in the morning of the ISth of January last I was fetched to a man named Hill. Remained with him until he died. On examining him I found six wounds on the back, the greater number of which were under the left shoulder. (By the direction of the Judge, witness here shewed, on the back of a man, the position of the wounds on the body.) There was one between the shoulder blades. I afterwards made a post mortem examination, when I discovered another wound on the left shoulder. A very little blood had escaped externally. The sixth cut passed to the right of the left shoulder behind, to the right cavity of the chest, between the fifth and sixth ribs, thereby dividing the artery which runs between the fifth and sixth ribs. That was the wound which caused death, by bleeding into the cavity of the chest. The witness then detailed the nature and extent of the other wounds, which has already been given in the Chronicle. One of the wounds pierced the diaphragm, and was the worst of them all, with the exception of the sixth, which was the immediate cause of death. One wound was 3 inches in depth, and passed between the ribs (sensation in the court). The heai t and lungs were quite healthy. The sixth wound was the cause of death. I saw the prisoner at the police-station, and he complained to me that he was hurt. I examined the spot pointed out by him, but I could see no marks at all there. I thought the wounds were inflicted by a man who was underneath the deceased. I cannot conceive how they otherwise could have been inflicted. I do not know how long the knife was, but it must have been a narrow one. This was the case for the prosecution. Mr. Morgan Lloyd then rose to address the Court for the defence. He said he quite agreed with his learn- ed friend who opened the case that it was a most -im- portant one; and that it would be the duty of the Jury to dismiss from their minds everything which they had heard respecting it elsewhere; but they should come to their conclusion upon the evidence produced before them that day. In a case of that kind, and in a small county like Anglesey, rumours of all kinds were sure to be heard; and persons come to conclusions without having any grounds at all—or at least grounds which could be depended upon, and upon which they were not qualified to form any opinion at all. They (the jury) had had the advantage of hearing all the facts connected with the case that morning, and they were, therefore, in a position to come to a just conclusion. Now, the prisoner before them was charged with having commit- ted the crime of wilful murder—that of murdering his friend, Mr. Hill, the deceased. To substantiate the charge, it must be proved that the prisoner had malice towards the deceased, and that the deed was committed with malice aforethought. If no ill-will could be proved, and if it could be proved, on the other hand, that they had been friends up to a few minutes before the occur- rence took place, then it was not murder, but man- slaughter. Now, let the jury look at the antecedents of tile two men, the prisoner and the decased,-wbat did they find ? Why, that the two men had been firm friends, not merely acquaintances; they were together at Holyhead, pursuing the same business, although not under the same master; they were each expecting to hear from Dublin at the same time; they were in each others company and all the witnesses stated that, up to the fatal night, they seemed on the very best terms of friendship. The quarrel between them began all of a sudden, and did not last but only a few minutes,—how, then, could there be malice aforethought ? Could the Jury think, under the circumstances, that the prisoner was nursing a deadly vengeance in his bosom against the deceased, and took that opportunity of gratifying it ? Did not the grief and sorrow which the prisoner shewed when he became sober, and was told that his friend was dead, clearly prove that such a supposition could not be true ? The quarrel was commenced by the deceased, who said that he could afford to stand drink as well as the prisoner, which the latter denied. The landlord, Mr. Carroll, then refused to give them the brandy which they had called for, and doubtless that had a tendency not to make them better tempered. They went out and fought, and with what sad results the Jury had been told. But what proof was there at all of any intention to murder—of killing with malice aforethought" ? The deceased, although the younger and the slighter man, was b-y far the better fighter; and although it had not been proved in evidence, there were some circumstances which s eemed to imply that the fight was really com- menced .by the deceased. It was not known for a cer- tainty wh,') actu&Dy struck the first blow; but the de- ceased was seen to strike the prisoner a heavy blow upon the chest; and, according to the opinion of Dr. Nicholson, the prisoner must have been underneath when be used the knite. His LORDSHIP here intimated that he wished to ask a question of Mr. Carroll, which he had omitted to do on his first examination. He then called Mr. A. Carroll into the witness box. His LoitDsuip-Yoti said that you were not quite certain which of the two men were uppermost when they were struggling on the ground, but that your im- pression was that it was the deceased. Could you say in what position the man was lying which was uuder- neath Mr. Carron-The party who was underneath was ly- ing upon his back. Mr. M. Lloyd, continued—It seems to me that Hill was the first to strike; he had his coat off, and Walsh not only was not stripped, but had an under- coat aud top-coat on. What inference do you draw from that? Why, is it not that the man who had his coat off attacked the other, who had two coats on, in a sudden and surprising manner, and thatthe assailed was driven to defend himself? Because nobody in his senses would attack a man who is a better fighter than himself, with two heavy coats on ? What is the natu- ral inference you must draw, not having yourselves seen nor heard testimony regarding the commencement of the fight ? This is further shewn by the nature of the quarrel as described to you by Carroll before they left the house. The prisoner, it was stated, had called Hill a prig. There is no harm in that epithet of itself, but it seemed to have excited the anger of Hill, who took his coat off, and rushed at the prisoner. Then how did it occur that the prisoner inflicted the wounds upon Hill! You see, the whole matter took place in two or three minutes. Carrol separates them, but they begin to fight again, and Hill gave a very seriour. blow to the prisoner on the chest. They hustled, and fell to the ground. That is the evidence of Carroll. The consta- ble and the doctor were asked if there were any marks of violence upon Walsh, and they say, no. Why, gen- tlemen, it was very unlikely that there should be marks upon him; because, however hard he might have been beaten, no marks of violence would appear, unless Hill had some instrument in his hand. Walsh had two very thick and hard coats upon him, and it is no wonder the blows did not inflict a mark; but it might, as most pro- bably it did, hurt him very much. A man, you know, might receive a blow between the chest and the abdo- men, which would hurt him most painfully, without any outward signs of violence. Now let us look upon the men on the ground. This is really the most impor- tant part of the case, both for and against the prisoner. Carroll says distinctly that one was over the other, but would not undertake to swear which was the upper- most—being under the impression, however, that Hill was. Let us see what is the nature of the doctor's evidence on this point. He says the wounds must have been inflicted by a person lying under Hill. The J UIJGE-You ai'e rather straining the evidence. The doctor's words are, I think the wounds must have been inflicted," &P- Mr. Morgan Lloyd—I said must instead of think," -but still the effectof the evidence is the same. That is the opinion of the Doctor. Couple that with the evidence of Carroll; then I think I may use the word must," because, no doubt when a person says he cannot conceive of the possibility of the wounds being itiflicte(I except by a person lying undermost, the inference is that Hill was the uppermost. The JUDGJI-I have no objection for you to draw your inferences I merely called attention to the exact words of the Doctor. Mr. Morgan Lloyd—That, gentlemen, being so, how came the prisoner to inflict the wounds &t all. At the time, no doubt Hill had overpowered Walsh, and it is natural to suppose, although we have no evidence to be certain, that he held him down by his neckerchief or throat. Aud I ask if it is very unreasonable to suppose that the prisoner, suffering from the blow on the chest, and perhaps feeling very much hurt by falling on his back on a hard pavement, he under the excitement of momentary passion, took his knife out in self-defence. Although you have account of six or seven wounds hav- ing been inflicted, the time in which they were inflicted did not exceed one minute, and the prisoner himself had loW idea whatever of the consequences of the wounds. Supposing he was held on the ground, as I have intim- ated, by the throat, and in order to get himself released lie strikes Hill over the shoulders in any place that a common man would do, who was not possessed of a knowledge of the nature and anatomy of the human body. He simply inflicted the blows, (without any idea of their fatal consequences) almost instantaneously in order to send Hill away. Then, if you believe the wounds ware inflicted in a moment of passion, caused by the treatment or assault of deceased, the crime of Thomas W.alsh is manslaughter, and not murder. It is quite clear that the deed was committed in an instant, in a state of intoxication, when the prisoner had got the worst of the fight, and more than probably when he was seized by the throat on the ground. The prisoner has done a thmg he has ever since deeply repented. (The prisoner here gave a most heart-rending sigh and wept bitterly.) If it is murder, his life must be forfeited if manslaughter he will be severely punished, but still it will not be death. It is for you, gentlemen, to come to the conclusion as to the fate of this unfortunate man. I submit you cannot find him guilty of murder. His conduct before and after the occurrence has been the conduct of a man who under sudden provocation, committed an act he never dreamt of its consequences, and from that moment he has done nothing but repent. Pause awhile over the evidence of Inspector Owen. Had it not been for his testimony, there would not have been very much against the prisoner, even on a-charge of manslaughter, because the .case would have depended on the evidence of Carroll. Nevertheless Mr. Owen's evidence really is favourable to the prisoner, because it shews the penitential state of his mind. He was un- aware of the death of Hill, and when told of it,-he was overwhelmed with grief and burst into tears. Like a true penitent, he tells Mr. Owen how the fray had happened, and aggravated the case against himself rather than extenuated it. In fact, he accuses him- self more than anyone else did, he seems to have stated everything against himself, leavin g ont everything in his own favour. The learned Counsel concludea his speech by dwelling upon the prisoner's character, and called Hne;h Ralk, who stated-I em a farmer in Ireland. My farm is 500 acres in extent. I deal in pigs and cat- tle. The prisoner has been in my service fourteen years, and I never saw a more good,natured, industrious, and trustworthy man than him in my life. I have trusted him with sums of money varying from X2000 to £ 4000. (The witnees was deeply affected in giving his evidence, and the prisoner gave him a fond look, with tears on his face, as he stood in the box.) Wm. Flood, farmer, Joseph Hatfield, pig dealer, Man- chester, Joseph Robinson, railway clerk at Holyhead, and Nlr. Gibbling, another railway official of Dublin, gave testimony of the highest character. The JUDGE, in summing up, sold-Gentlemen ofthe Jury,-Tue prisoner, Thomas Walsh, is indicted for the wilful murder of Patrick Hill. I need not say a word to you about the importance of this enquiry. The pri- soner's life is in your hands, and so are the lives and security of the public. A great deal has been said al- ready as to the distinction between murder and man- slaughter, and I think it is opportune now to call your attention to that point before I go through the the facte of the case. It .is not necessary, in order to constitute the crime of murder that there should be an intention to kill; it is sufficient if there is an intention to inflict grievious bodily harm. Neither is it essential that the malice should be of long standing but if you believe the accused struck the deceased in hot blood (or in a sudden passion) andstabbed the deceased, then that is manslaughter only, and not murder. I am very sorry to say that this is the third time that I have been obliged to make state- ments bearing upon cases of this description in this part of Wales. Gentlemen, in considering your verdict, you should regard the protection of the public as much as the safety of the prisoner. His Lordship then read the evidence, drawing attention to all the im- portant points of the cue. It was of vital importance for them to satisfy themselves as to who gave the first b'ow. The fact that Hill was stripped shewed that he had meditated a fight. A fight certainly comprehended an interchange of blows, but the only distinct evidence of a blow being given, proved that Hill was the first to strike. The men were not sober, but drunkenness was no excuse for committing a crime. The evidence as to prisoner's character deserved perhaps more than ordinary consideration, having been given by men of great respectability. He did not wish to express an opinion on the ease—the responsibility of it was left in the hands of the jury. Concluding, he said-If you have a doubt upon your minds, I must tell you that the prisoner is not entitled to the benefit of a doubt, because prima facie the crime is murder unless the prisoner sa- tisfies you it is not; if he has satifled you on this point, it is for you to say so. I desire you will exercise your independent judgment, regardless of anything I have said, except so far as I have explained the law. The jury retired at a few minutes before one o clock to consider their verdict. The prisoner then began to cry in the most piteous manner, and had to be removed from the court. He appeared more composed on his re- turn into court five minutes afterwards, when the fore- man of the jury, amid breathless silence, returned a VERDICT OF MANSLAUGHTER, adding, that they believed the stabs were inflicted in self-defence, and they, therefore, recommended him to the merciful considera- tion of the court. Mr. Morgan Lloyd handed to the Judge two or three letters as to the prisoner's character, from magistrates in Ire-land. His Lordship then proceeded to pass sentence, an fol- lows :—Thomas Walsh, the jury have so far taken a fa- vourable new (If your eaae, that they have acquitted you of the crime of wilful murder. btill they have found you guilty of the crime of manslaughter. They have added the words, in self-defence," because, I suppose, they consider that in this offence you were not the original aggressor. At the same time, the use of the knife must be put down by severe punishment, But for the last words which accompanied the verdict, I should have inflicted upon you the same punishment as in two other eases in this circuit; as it is you must suffer many years of penal servitude. Therefore, the sentence I have to pass upon you is, that you be kept in Penal Servitude for 7 years. The prisoner thanked his Lordship, the jury, and the gentlemen who had conducted his defence. He was then removed, apparently in a very distressed state of mind. nOBBERr FROM THE PERSON, AT HOLYHEAD. Richard Owen, 20, labourer, was charged with stealing one half-sovereign, two half-crowns, the monies of Robert Hughes, from the person, at Holyhead. on the 6th of January last. Mr. Morgan Lloyd prosecuted, and the prisoner was undefended. It appears that on the day in question, the prosecutor (who is employed at Holyhead, but lives a few miles dis- tant) met the prisoner in the street, on the day in ques- tion. They went together to the Britannia public house; but before reaching there, prosecutor tumbled down, the prisoner at the time having hold of him Prisoner hand- ed to prosecutor a flask that had fallen out of his pocket; bnt the latter complained that he had also lost a calico bag, containing half-a-sovereigu in gold, and about ten shillings in silver. Prisoner defied all knowledge of this, but afterwards gave him two half- crowns. Subsequently prisoner went to a shop for half- an-ounce of tobacco, and tendered in payment half-a-sove- reign, saying it was a sixpence. The half-sovereign was eventually given to a police-officer, who took the prisoner into custody. After the case for the prosecution had been closed, the learned Judge called for the Surgeon of the Gaol, Robert Wynne Jones, Esq., who said he considered the prisoner a person of very weak intellect, almost an idiot. When asked by his Lordship what reason he had for arriving at that conclusion, the Doctor stated that he had heard the prisoner was subject to fits, though he had not seen him in such a state he dipped his nose in the salt cellar when eating his food, and had also eaten his food after mixing it with grease and tar. It further appeared that he had asked the Dr. "if he would be allowed to hang that man" (meaning Thomas Walsh, charged with the murder at Holyhead), adding that he would do it for less than anybody else." The jury under the direction of his Lordship, re- turned a verdict of Not Guilty, on the ground of in- sanity, and the prisoner was ordered to be detained in custody during Her Majesty's pleasure. This finished the business of the Assizes, and the court rose at two o'clock. We cannot close this report without bearing testi- mony to the excellent arrangements which were made and carried out under the immediate directions of the respected Under-Sheriff, John Williams, Esq. The court is a very small one, and the number of persons anxious to be present was very great, particularly on Friday (yesterday.) Still there was comparatively no confusion, although every nook and corner of the hall was filled, and the javelin men" were rendered of great practical use, as well as ornament. As at Bala, a space had been portioned out for the Reporters, so as to give them every possible facility for reporting the proceedings. COUNSEL. The following counsel were present in coxii-t :NfeKrs. Melntyre, Morgan Lloyd, Wynne Foulkes, Coxan, Trevor Parkins, Horittio Lloyd, Igiiatitis Williams, Hilton, and Talbot Smith.
RATING OF PORT PENRHYN. To the Editor of the North Wales Chronicle. Dear Sir,-I will reply to Mr. Gold Edward's letter as soon as I can get an opportunity, and have no hesitati on in saying that the facts will enable me to do so effectu- ally. Dear Sir, Yours trniv. LlanScdno, 24th March, 1865. H. BARBER.
Among the presentations to the Prince of Wales at the kvde on Wednesday were the following :-Mr, Bryan, G. Davis Cooke, high sheriff of Flintshire, on his appointment, by Sir G. Grey Captain Naylor Ley- land, Denbighshire Yeomanry, by tne Hon. S. Ponssuby.
——— BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH. LONDON CORN MARKET—FBIDAY. All articles steady at Menday's prices. LIVERPOOL CORN MARKET—FRIDAY. Strong market at Tuesday's prices, but scarcely so bri& WAKEFIELD CORN MARKET—FRIDAY. Wheat and barley a shilling dearer.
Mr. Manley Smith, of the Midland cirouit, is the new master in the Court of Queen's Bench. The second reading of lit. Baines's bill for extending the franchise in boroughs is fixed for May 3. Signor Mazzini's letters to Pope Pius IX. on the encyclical letter has reached a second edition. The King of the Belgians has decided on dismantling the fortifications of Ostend, which were constructed in 1445 and 1583. A Yankee has just taught ducks to swim in hot water, and with such success that they lay boiled eggs. Mr. E. L. Betts, of Preston Hall, Kent, a member of the firm of Peto, Betts, and Co., is a candidate for Maid- stone in the Conservative interest. Why ought you never to lend anything to a strict Roman Catholic! Because what is lent to him, he keeps.-Punch. It is said that an increase is about to be made in the number of German troops stationed in the .Duchies. On the 2nd inst., a Government steamer sunk near Cairo, United States, and 20 soldiers, besides women and children, lost their lives. Lord Bloomfield, British Ambassador at Vienna, has arrived at the Austrian capital at the expiration of his leave of absence. The Chester Courant says that Mr. P. S. Humberston has announced his intenticn not to offer himself as a candidate to represent that city in the next Parlia- ment. The Daily Telegraph says that a free pardon will be extended to Pelizzioni as regards the murder for which he has been condemned, but the prisoner will be imme- diately put upon his trial on a charge of stabbing the potman of the house where the affray took place. At the Lewes assizes, on Wednesday, a lady named Grant, the widow of an officer killed in Delhi during the Indian mutiny, was charged with arson. It was alleged that she had set fire to a house in Brighton which she was just leaving. The case occupied a long time. The jury returned a verdict of notguilty, which was received with a burst of applause. While unpacking a bale of Chinese cotton at Bacup, the other day, the men so employed discovered two gold coins, one about tht size of a threepenny-piece, and the other smaller, with holes punched through them, 'wrap- ped up in a piece of rag. Many silver pieces have also been found amongst this kind of .cotton, and a curious sheet of Chinese characters printed on a sort of straw paper, carefully folded, was found in a bale at Bacup last week. A rather singular trial for manslaughter has taken place in Sligo. Fxom the evidence it appeared that the deceased, who was a very poor man, went to the prisoner for medical advice, and was bled by him. The opera- tion was very unskilfully performed, however, the artery being divided. A fit of coughing came on, the bandage came off, and the poor patient bled to death. It was proved that the intention of the prisoner had been sim- ple kindness, and that he had refused any payment for his services, but he was found guilty of manslaughter, and sentenced to 3 months' imprisonment—a punish- ment which some may think rather severe for what was, after all, an accident. "MODBRH HISAPPROPRIATIONS,-K very slight atten- tion to the meaning of words would preserve ua from making infaaiots-of roses, of sage, or other herbs—and still more absurd, of beef into teas, but such kitchen errors are little worth noting. Far more offensive is absurd polysllabic affectation by which all sorts, kinds, and classes Lave become jdescriptions of things. This barbarism, which it would be amusing to attempt to translate into any civilised language, smacks strongly of man-millinery, and was probably invented by one of those persuasive orators who declaim to the ladies from behind their counters on muslins, silks, and ribbons. Let it return to the shop whence it came. Polite euphemism, the source of so many moral as well ai phi- lological misnomers, has introduced the practice of em- ploying the word limited in the sense of small or scanty. Its chief use was to stand as a screen before two things of which no honest man ought to be ashamed—poverty and school-keeping. Limited incomes-as if even the most enormous ones were unlimited—and limited num- bers of pupils were mincingly prattled of. While this contemptible fashion was still a novelty, a man of learn- ing, wit, and spirit, was thus condescendingly addressed on his introduction to a commercial Crossus of mean mind and silken phrase, I believe, Mr-, you have Mtminray for young gentlemen I" "I keep a boys' school, sir." A limited number, I presume." "No, all's fish that vomes to my net.Lucy Aikin's Me- moirt.
CARNARVON. GUILDHALL, March 20.—Before the |Mayor, Llewelyn Turner, Esq., Hugh Williams was charged with malicious damage at the Police Station, where be broke a window. He was very much bruised about the hand and arm. The Mayor said he thought there ought to be no glass in a cell. Fined 2s. 6d. and costs. Edwd. Lloyd, a most incorrigible fellow, and who came into court evidently under the influence of drink, was charged with being drunk and riotous on Sunday the 12th iust., at midnight. P. C. 16 said the prisoner was very drunk and riotous half-an-hour after midnight, he sent hiin home, and he returned in a short time afterwards, and again became riotous. P.C. No. 9 confirmed the last witness. The accused denied the charge, and accused all the po- lice of being drunk themselves. The Mayor severely commented on his base charge against the police, and to mark his sense of his continued misconduct, he committed him for three months. The fellow had onl) been released from gaol a few hours before he committed the offence. David Owen, carrier from Beddgelert (who did not appear) was charged by P.C. 16 with cruelty to two horses in a waggon in Carnarvon, on Castle-square. He stated they both had wounds on their breast, under their col- lars. Fined 10s and costs. Wm. Jones was also charged with cruelty to his horse. P.C. 16 stated that the horse had two large wounds under the collar. The defendant (an old man upwards of 80) said that lie and his poor old wife entirely depended on the horse for support, and that he could soon helll the bruises. Adjourned for 14 days. Rhoda Reed, wife of the sweep in Boot-street, was charged with threatening to assault Mary Jones alias Lester, a married woman living in the same street. Case adjourned. Both women are of a very questionable cha- cacter, as testified by the police. NEW WATER BILL.-Tile Committee of the House of Commons on this Bill, met on Thursday, in No. 24 Com- mittee Room of the House of Commons; The report of the referee not being ready, the consideration of the Bill was postponed until Monday next. It is a very unusual thing to record so severe weather at this period in March. Last Monday the quarrymen were unable to work, and some of the water wheels were completely frozen up the ice in many places being four inches thick. THE SEOOXTIDH TERRACE NUISANCE.The constant complaint of those living on the Terrace, in being nearly all day long annoyed by hordes of ragged and disorderly boys and girls, who make a practice of pilfering every garden flower they can get at, have now for their amuse- ment a large number of stones supplied them, which have been laid down by the Surveyor to mend the road. We would therefore caution the public not to walk oil the lower road, if they would wish to avoid a serious in- jury.
I AMLWCH. The Annual General Meeting of the Literary and Scientific Institution, was held at the Society's Hall, ou the evening of Tuesday, the 21st inst., the President, Thomas F. Evans, Esq, taking the Chair at seven o'clock precisely. After briefly reviewing the proceedings of the past year, the Chairman turned the attention of the members to the business of the evening, by proposing that a sub-committee of three should be appointed to exam- ine the bftllotting papers for the election of. officers of the Institution for the ensuing twelve months. While the examination proceeded in the committee-room, the meeting applied themselves to the disposal, by private auction, of the newspapers, periodicals, &c., for the com- ing quarter: Upon the announcement being made that the examining committee had ascertained the result of the ballot, the following list of officers was read to the meet- ing by the honorary librarian :—President, Benjamin Roose, Esq. vice-president, E. M. Hughes, Esq.; trea- surer, Mr. R. R. Storey; hon. sec., Mr. W. E. Llewel- lin hon. librarian, Mr. J. M. Williams curator of llIU- seum, Mr. J. C. Roose. Committee.—the Revds. A. R. Hughes and J. Richards, Messrs W. Jones, O. Jones, W. C. Paynter, T. F. Evans, T.J. Webster, and W. Bas- tard. Several new members were proposed and elected, and it was then proposed by B. Roose. Esq., and second- ed by W. H. Hughes, Esq., that the thanks of the meet- ing should be presented to the President and Officers of the Institution for the past year. The compliment was acknowledged by the chairman, in an effective and appro- priate speech, and after a few humourous remarks by Mr. Bastard, the meeting was brought to a close. It is ex- pected that the next twelve months will witness a great improvement in the manner of providing for the intel- lectual entertainment of the townspeople, at this Institu- tion.
I LLANDUDNO. I READING ROOM AND LIBRARY FOR THE WORKIXG CLASSES. A few weeks ago we pu blisheda report of a meeting,held at the Rectory, of several influential gentlemen connected with the town, for the purpose of discussing the above in- teresting question, and of agreeing upon a basis for sa- tisfactorily and efficiently projecting an Institution which would meet all the requirements of the large po- pulation now accumulated in Llandudno. On that oc- casion the great principle was affirmed of the desirable- ness of a broad and comprehensive organization, concen- trating the sympathy and support of all classes on the one object of promoting the public good; and a depu- tation consisting of the Rector of the parish, Colonel Walmsley, and Dr. Roden, was appointed to confer with a sooiety already existing, under the name of the Llan- dudno Literary Institute, in order if possible to amalga- mate the views expressed at that meeting with the ob- jects of the Literary Institute, and to take common ac- tion with them, with respect to the establishment of a Reading Room and Library for the Working Classes. The correspondence between the Deputation and the Committee of the Literary Institute, which has already been partially laid before the public, has not at present been attended with those happy results which we had hoped would have flowed from so promising a begin- ning. The following is the last communication which has taken place between the parties, —one member of the deputation being out of town "Llandudno, March 6th, 1865. "To ilhe Secretary of the Llandudno Literary Institute. Sir,—We beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, dated 1st March, enclosing copy of the resolution come to by your Committee, namely, that unless the gentlemen who met at the Rectory for the purpose of the formation of a Workmen's Library and Reading Room, will at once enrol themselves as members of the Llandudno Literary Institute, you decline the proffered amalgamation. We appeared before you as delegates from a large body, to ask an Institution now formed some years, and to whose members it was the wish of our meeting to shew due deference, whether you would work with us to raise funds for the formation of a Library and Read- ing Room for the use of the working classes of Llandud- no, on the broad basis of admitting to a participation in its benefits every well conducted man, without reference to station, nationality, or creed. Your reply is, that you will not permit us to do this, unless we join your Insti- tute. We deeply regret this answer; for, being simply de- legates, charged to ask a question and transmit a reply, we do not consider ourselves authorised to pledge any gentleman to becoming a member of a local society with whose aims and objects we are totally unacquainted, and whose existence was all but unknown to us when this movement was first made. Our object was to benefit the working men of Llan- dudno, to give them other places of resort than the pub- lic-house, to elevate and refine their tastes. We came before you, and honestly stated our wishes. We asked you to name three or four gentlemen from your body, we naming an equal number from ours, to form a sub- committee to carry out these views, and we further paid you the compliment of suggesting that the President of your Society should also be the President of the sub- committee. The meaning of the word may have been misun- derstood; for had that word which we purposely ap- plied to the small body of men undertaking the ma- nagement of the propused Library been properly appre- ciated, it would have been found to mean a small num- ber of men told off from a larger body, or, in other words,-a part or division of 't Committee; so that all who served on the sub-committee would have become, from the fact of so serving, members of the Committee of your Institute. This proposition, your Resolution tells us you cannot entertain. It therefore remains for us to retire from the discussion, which we now do; and to express our sincere good wishes for the continuance and prosperity of your Literary Institute. Signed. Hurii M. WALMESLET, T. C. RODEN." We have no doubt that the public generally will participate in this regret; but we venture to express a hope that a proposal pregnant with such vast benefits to the community, will not be suffered to fall to the ground from the want of an understanding among those who have shewn so much interest in it, which, as it ap- pears to tie, is very easy of attainment.
PORTMADOC. STEAM SAW MILL.—Some few months back we had the pleasure to notice, among some other improvements lately effected in this place, the erection of a Steam Saw Mill, specially fitted up with all the machinery and ap- pliances necessary for sawing purposes, and which we then predicted would be of great convenience to build- ers. It belonged to a company, composed of a number of private individuals in the Port; but despairing, we suppose, of its prospects, it was brought to the hammer on Friday week last, and the whole plant and machiner- ies were knocked down to the well known firm of Messrs. J. H. Williams and Sons, of the Britannia Foundry, for X1620. With the enterprise and spirit of the new pro- prietors we have no doubt the undertaking will prove a success. SERIOUS Accrl)EITT.-On Saturday last two sailor lads fell from the mast held of a schooner called Charlotte, wliiist engaged iu arringitig the rigging, which by some means got unfastened, whereby both were precipitated with great violence on the deck. One of the poor fellows sustained a severe fracture of the leg and arm—the other managed to get hold of a rope, which, though it gave w,ty, broke the force of the fall considerably, and he on!y sustained few slight bruises. Dr. Roberts was imme- diately on the spot, and through his skill the other young man, we hear, is progressing favourably.
TOWYN. EQUINOCTIAL GALES —On Saturday night and Sunday morning a perfect hurricane of wind was experienced in, this neighbourhood. The storm was at its height be- tween midnight and two o'clock a.m. The houses actu- ally shook from the force of the element. Many were- partially unroofed, aud the streets were strewed with slates on Sunday morning. The new out hnusen at the Cambrian Hotel Station road were completely stripped, and the slates blown in all directions. A stack of wheat was blown down at Perthetia, and another of straw at Penparc carried a long distance. A large ash tree at the entrance to Ynysymaengwyn mansion was snapped off in the centre, and plum trees, Ac., blown down at. Dolagwyn. Other disasters have also taken place, but we are happy to say we have not heard of any lives being lost. The frost has been very severe, and the cold i intense.
1- fflltecctUmwiS, Thomas Charlton Whitmore, Esq., of Apley Ptlrk, formerly M.P. for Briflgllorth, died suddenly last week. Whilst dressing for dinner, we understand, he fell down dead. Mr. W. E. Baxter, M.P. (says the Dundee Advertiser) has left London for Spain. We should not be surprised if his visit proves beneficial to the future commercial relationship between that country and iMiglaud. l'elissier, the Frenchman, charged with the murder of his parents, whose bodies were afterwards sent away in a box, has been found guilty, but with extenuating cir- cumstances, and has been sentenced to hard labour for life. During the late riots at Leeds, arising out of the im- prisonment of a cook for appropriating her master's dripping, a man was knocked down, trampled upon, and so severely injured that he has since died. A meeting has been held by the tenant farmers of Tipperary for the purpose of founding a "National Club," for the defence of free thought and action" against the attempts of the priesthood to control the one and unduly iuflueuce the other in matters strictly temporal." The Temps says-" Some English engineers have just arrived in Paris for the purpose of proposing to the government the construction of a Crystal Palace for the Universal Exhibition of 1867-" An interesting lot of treasure-trove, consisting of no less than 75n0 bronze Roman coins from the mint of the Emperor Constantine, has been discovered itr France. The Duchess de Moray, according to a Russian cus- tom, cut off her hair, and deposited it in the coffin, as she took her last look at the body of her husband. The late Duke de Morny conld not make a will, for any person in France having four children is not at liberty to devise his property. in that case the law makes a will for him. The King of Italy has invited, through a special de- putation, the King of Saxony to be present at the fetes in honour of Dante, which are to take place at Florence iu the month of May. Two singular incidents occurred on the drawing for the conscription three days back at Valognes (Manche). One young man, born without arms, drew his number from the urn with his foot, while another was so tall that he could not pass erect beneath the measurement standard. He was six feet seven in height. Koyal commissioners are nominated to inquire into the laws of Great Britain and Ireland with respect to the constitution and proof of contract of marriage, and also the laws i elating to marriage of British subjects in India and foreign countries. The Crown Prince and Princess of Prussia have gone for a visit to the Baltic seaport of Stettin. The Crown Prince has promised to open the Industrial Exhibition in that town on the 12th of May. On the 15th of May the prince will open the International Exhibition in the city of Cologne. Lord Houghton (M r. Monckton Milnes) says in are. cent letter to a friend-" I have been from the begining of the rebellion a staunch supporter of the Federal cause. I never doubted of its rights, and I never doubted of its success. I only wish there had been more public men of luhe same opinion in this country." A restless genius, who went to a quaker's meeting, af- ter bearing the decorous gravity as patiently as he could for an hour or two, at last declared he could stand it no longer. Why," said he, its enough to tire the very devil out." "Yes, friend," responded an elderly gentle- man, does thee know, that is exactly what we want." At York assizes, on Tuesday, the six men charged with having forcibly entered and taken possession of the premises of Mr. Barstow, at Askham Bryan, were found guilty, and each sentenced to a months' impri- sonment. They were further required to enter into their own surety of E 100 to keep the peace towards Mr. Bar- stow for their catural lives. The London Gazette says that British subjects who bad arrived in Rome with their passports duly vised by a Pontifical nuncio or consul will be able to depart with the sole visa of the Pontifical police, and consequently without the visa of her Majesty's consul, as was here to fore the case. The cure of Than-Saint Martin, France, in a recent discourse from the pulpit, said—" No person is allowed to touch the Papacy with impunity. Look at Napoleon I. He caused the Pope to be confined at Valence, but shortly afterwards he was in his turn exiled to a foreign land, and the Pope returned to his States. Those who prosecute Pius IX. may well end in the same way." Mr. Layard, Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs, writes as follows, to correct an error in the report of his speech in the House of Commons on Monday night I am made to state that if their property has been de- stroyed for the bona fide purposes of preventing it from falling into the enemy's hands, British subjects would have no right to compensation. It shouid be-no right to complain." A cargo of lead ore from the Tassan Mines, near Castleblayney, was shipped within the last few days at Dundalk for Chester River, valued at nearly £ 1000. This mine belong to the Great Northern Mining Com- pany of Ireland. A cargo from the same locality will be shipped next week from the Hope silver and lead mines. The Tassan and Hope mines employ at least 400 men at a high rate of wa-les.- Monaghan Standard. A young lady, the wife of a commercial traveller, was brought before a London magistrate on Monday, on a charge of stealing a watch belonging to a neighbour with whom she had been on friendly terms. The only evidence against her was that of the prosecutrix, who stated that during the night before she lost her watch she dreamt that it had been.stolen, and that she found it wrapped in a black shawl with red stripes, at the house of the prisoner." The magistrate at once discharg- ed the young lady, remarking that she left the court without a stain upon her character, and that the prose cator might possibly find dretming an eX1 e isive amuse- ment. ACTION TO RECOVER THE AMOUNT OF A SECURITY. -On Tuesday, at the Shrewsbury assizes, before Mr. Baron Pigott, the Shrewsbury Equitable Co-operative Industrial Society (Limited) brought an action against all innkeeper named Taylor, of Liverpool, on a guarantee fo r XIOO, alleged to have been given by him in favour of a man named Evans, who by means of it obtained the post of messenger to the society, at a salary ot Ltju a year. Some time after Evans had been in their service, deficiencies to the amount of upwards of ilOO were dis- covered and he was dismissed. Evans entirely denied that there were any deficiences, but the jury found verdict for the plaintiffs in the full amount of the se- curity. THE DUKE DE MORNV AND THE EmPER)R.-As soon as M. de Morny was dead, they sent word to the Em- peror. He came immediately, although it was but eight o'clock in the morning, accompanied by M. Rouher, whose first start in life was as a lawyer. The Emperor went immediately to the dead man' secretaire, and opening a drawer in it full of papers djsired that they should be packed up at once, so that he could take them back with him to the Tuileries. But this M. Rouher's professional conscience would not allow. The vestiges of such consciences are to be discerned long after all trace of the common generic moral conscience is obliterated. It cannot be done, Sire," said M. Rouher; "the law forbids it." But it must be done," said the Emperor. It is an impossibility, Sire, the law forbids it; and besides, what would the family say if afterwards papers relating to M. de Morny's property were missing, and it became known that I, the Minister of Justice, bound to enforce the law, stood by while they were abstracted ?" So the Emperor had to yield, and content himself with having seals affixed, with the solemn promise on the part of those concerned that the secretaire should not be opened, nor the papers exa- mined, except in his presence. Much wonder is excited as to the nature of the writings of which the Emperor is thus desirous to possess himself-" relating to the coup d'etat ?" an Oleanist correspondence f'-for the- state of political parties with regard to the exiled family is much such as it was with us in the reign of Queen. Anne, and there is great hedging" going on with re- gard to the succession.-Pall Mall Gazctt*.
Where. But about the knife. The prosecutor had said Wt, ill his opinion, the prisoner could not have pulled out his knife during the sculffe and as the scuffle only wed but a very short time he (Mr. Lloyd,) believed !w was the fact. How, then, came he to have a knife, and the knife, too, open at both ends ? The jury had beard it stated in evidence that the prisoner had lain d wn upon the sofa an hour before the scuffle took lace and likewise that a tobacco pouch had been found on the sofa when the steamer arrived at Dublin. There could be no manner of doubt, therefore, that his client bad been cutting up some tobacco with his knife when he was oil the sofa, and when the row began he must have had it in his hand. In such a case, and being under the influence of drink as had been proved by the Inspector of police, it was most probable he forgot the knife altogether, and that the wounds such as they were, resulted from pure accident, and if so, the jury WO\1ld have to acquit him altogether. Stress had been kid upon the fact that the two blades were open, one at each end. This of itself proved that he could not have contemplated murder, because in that case, if he uaed one blade to stab, the other would be sure to cut his own hand. It would have been very different had the blades been fastened, for then he might have used them right and left, but that was not the case, as they (the jury) could see for themselves. plr Lloyd here held up the knife for the Jury to see it, and said the blades were so loose that they would almost shut of themselves.] If it werejasked, but how came it. that the two bladeswere n 1 of course, he (the learned counsel) could not be ?.,d to 've a positive answer to the question, be- uie the law did not permit him to examine the pri- soner in his own defence but very probably he used the blade to cut the tobacco, and the other to scrape the pipe with. (Laughter). It was quite clear from the whole of the evidence that his client could have no in- tent to commit murder, or to do grievous bodily harm. The wounds which had been inflicted were so slight, that the prosecutor did not think it necessary to go to a doctor, until he returned to Holyhead, on the 1st of March! although there were plenty of good doctors in Dublin- IJ i, cHent, in fact, was incapable of doing much mischief, for lie was very tipsey at the time, and on the> following day, Sunday, he was delirious, and thehad to call iu the doctor to him. He maintained that no evidence had been produced to prove malicious intention, and he hoped the jury would acquit him entirely of the charge. [li< LORDSHIP then proceeded to sum up, which he did in the most minute and impartial manner; and afterwards explained the law bearing on the case, and which lie partially stated in his address to the grand iurv. They were to decide whether the prisoner inten- ded tn murder the prosecutor, or to disable him, or jaerelv to do him some grievous bodily harm. If the jury were not satisfied that he intended to do any of the above offences, then it would be for them to say whether he was not guilty of unlawful wounding. The ,iury then retired, and on their return into court, tliev brought in a verdict of Guilty of unlawful wounding" Francis Dillon, of Liverpool, then gave evidence as to character. He had known him he said for 20 years. He was a large green and provision dealer, and had always been a quiet man as all his neighbours could testii'v. Sentence deferred until yesterday, when he was or- dered to be imprisoned for six months, with hard labour. THE MANSLAUGHTER CASE AT CAERHEILIOG. The Grand Jury returned a "No True Bill" in the case of. Robert Hughes (on bail) and Robert Jones (un bail), who stood charged with the mauslaughter of Rowland Prytherch at Caergeiliog, on the 31st day of December last. His LORDSHIP said that after reading the depositions he quite agreed with the Grand Jury, as the evidence in the case was very confused. STEALING AT AMLWCH. "Xo True Bill" was returned m the case of Alonso Hamilton, 21, mariner, who stood charged with stealing one purse aud £ 3 10s. tid, the property and monies of David Davies, at Amlwch, on the 18th day of February, 1805, by reason of the said David Davies not attending to prosecute. Mr. Melntyre asked that the recognizances of the pro- secutor be estreated. In replv to a question put by the Judge, Mr. Melntyre said the prosecutor was a sailor, and he believed he would not attend the court, as he had gone with his vessel on a voyage. His LOKDSIIIP directed that the case stand over for a time in order to see whether the prosecutor would turn up or not. Later in the day, however, he ordered the prosecutor's recognizances to be estreated. (YESTERDAY) FRIDAY.