A SPARTAN LEAVING HIS MOTHER. I Thy country calls thee my son, Farewell, The clarion t iugs through vale and dell. The clashing ot armu through the city souuds The pawing of war-horse on the grounds Of proud Sparta show thyself a worthy son light till breath fails thee and yield to none, lAt it it, vet i- age be said A SparUii ylehls not till he be dead Bravelv stretch thv hand against the foe. And let hereafter thy children know The deeds by ne'er yielding fathers done, The victories gained, the battles won. And before the bright an.) inching steel Let proud Athenian crouch and kneel; Let opposing Persian lick the dust, Aa every foe of Sparta must: Leave not thy strong shield in victor's hand, Leave it not in hostile foreign land, Rather on it let thy corpse be laid, Tha"n bof tthv foe that his arm be staid,^ HODour with brave deeds thy native country, Honour the breast which nurs'd and nouush d thee; Let thy mother in her old ago rejoice To hear the people with applauding voice Praising thy mighty deeds and work. renown d The trumpet and the clarion sound, Now once more to thee I say adieu, Behave as a Spartan ought to do. A SPWO or JEJTITF.
THE LONDON SPARROW IN WALES. A %vidow*d sparrow, young and gay, Well made, but rather spare, Who lived in most luxurious way, On shrubs in Portman Square; Who hopped about in Ke|ent s Park, And flew frotn lime to larch Who daily had a jolly lark Upon if o Niarble Arch This London sparrow feeling 111 From too much smoke and care. Thought much he'd like to visit hbyl, And sniff some sea-bred air One August mom he took a hop, In verv heavy rain, To Huston and on carriage-top lie travelled by the train, The country he'd ne'er seen before, Nor sea, nor mountains fine, He d duly rambled by the shore Of Thames or Serpentine So when the train the sparrow hurled Along the sand-born sea, lie thought the rivers of the world Had all got loose and free I From off his perch on carriage-top, At Rhyl he first came down Then took a long inspection-hop Through all that pretty town But though he many sparrows saw, Not one flew lip to speak, Ihey seemed to fear the London claw, And dread the London beak. So off he flew from pretty Rhyl Full thirteen miles an hour. And did not rest his wings until He came to Penmaenmawr; The i.,reat Orme's Head he just had seen, When to a friend he said, "Who could this lir. oime have been, With such a monstrous bead t For if his head be such a size, What must his body be!" And then he asked, 'mid much surprise, His comb and brush to see! Next on a luggage van he hopped, %(I stood there till the train At lovely Llanfairfechan stopped, Then off he hopped again. A Taffv sparrow, fat and big, The Cockney saw alight, He shewed him to a vacant twig, And left him for the night; His friend at break of day he sought, And led him to the sea And when he saw the sand he thought Brown sugar it must be! Ho stretched his wings, and down he New With longing open beak; Then gave a greedy peck or two. And then a choking squeak The Taffy sparrow 'gan to cry, And think he'd lose his guest; He feared his Cockney friend would die Of sand upon the chest! A slight emetic set him straight, And soon he walked about, In confidence he told his mate Ma does n't know I'm out! She knows my brain the lasses rock In everlasting whirls; I really cannot stand the shock Of long-hair'd, curly girls! To sweet Llatidudno next he went, And oft to Conway flew A week he in Llandudno spent And left there black and blue; A sea-gull there, superb and grand, In most ungentle terms. The sparrow warned from off his and, And ate his breakfast worms! For quite a week or even more, He crouched beneath a shrub; So ill he felt, so very sore, He could'nt touch a grnb I A lady sparrow flying near Beheld his sorry plight. She hopped beside him, pretty dear, And nursed him day and night I At first he could'nt eat a fly, So tender were his gums But in a week he thought he'd try Minced worms and moistened crumbs Miss TaffVd steal, and poach and beg; On loaves she oft encroached, She got him many a Bantam's egg, And these no doubt were poached I To brace his spine and tone his lungs. She gave him hips and haws: They couid nt speak each other's tongues, So talked upon their claws When he grew well his fingers cried. You've given my heart a twister, Will you be mine ?" In Welsh she sighed «' I'm your deceased wife's sister I" The likeness he distinctly saw. And scarce for grief could speak, She had her mother's taper claw. Her falher's high. bred beak The disappointment made him sad, And caused a great relapse His svstem broke, itud then she had To bind it up with straps! The strap that seemed to bind him best, And soonest bring him round, One evening in Miss Taffy's nest The London sparrow found This was a cousin, brown and stout, With feathers nicelv brushed He stretched his claws, and held them out, And into them she rusbed By sighs and winks and sundry nods, The question great be popped; They chirrupped love on stones and sods, And simpered as they hopped! A honeymoon in pleasant way, Then spent this happy pair; And after seeing Bangor, they Returned to Euston Square. With his Mamma, a fat old bird, She shook a hearty claw, And, strange to say, it is averred, She liked her nia'-in-law Their pleasures all were unalloyed, lie had no bills to pay Unbritiled freedom she enioyed, And all her work was play. She thought him best of sparrow-men, Though poor he neer would beg; He muffled up the knocker when She laid her first-born egg! To all his friends, both rich and poor. To SM. he never faits, If ye'd a healthy wife procure, Uo seek her out in Wales I Now all yc English visitors, Ye Scotch and Irish rare, Who enter open Cambrian doors, And sniff the Welshman's air, If ye would sail the sea of life, And weather all its gales, lie sure ye take a Taffy wife, A pretty girl from Wales Llanfairfechan. R. ST. J. CORBIT.
LLINELLAU At farwolaeth Mr. Charles Richardson," Star Vaults, Bangor, yr bwn a fu farw yn Calcutta, lOfed o Oorpb., 1804, yn 21 mlwydd oad Yn naear bra eklron y cloddiwyd ei fedd, Yn eithaf pellafoedd yr India; Mae coflo ei wyneb yn ysii fy hedd, Amhosibl anghofio Calcutta. Charles llkhardson! y bachgen caredig a lion, Sirioldeb a wisgai 'i wynebpryd, Rhyw bur gyfeillgarwch a lanwai ei fron. Bob amser oedd lawen ei yspryd. Bywlogrwydd a phertrwydd oedd ynddoyn bod, Ffraethineb yn for o hyawdledd Lie bynag y byddai enillai eu clod, A'u gcirda am dalent a bonedd. Ond cwympodd i'r beddrod! aibreuddwyd yw byn t Ai tybed fod gwir yn yr hanes Y Iwyn amheu'r dystiolaeth, nes myned yn syn, A galar yn chwyddo fy raynwes, Bn farw o gyrhaedd llaw dyner ei fam, Mae ei fara yn amddifad o'i bachgon Gwaith ofer i'w gofyn i'r nefoedd paham Y'i dodwyd yn mynwes daiaren? Hyd at ei oer feddrod, 0 na chawn ni Fyn d unwaith uwchben ei oer wily, I dywallt fy nagrau, i godi fy ngri, Cofleidiwnbriddellau bedd Charley." ROBYN WYN.
LINES Written on the death of the only son of Robert and hiny Uwls, Flu mynydd, Llanfechell, Anglesey, who died in the 25th year ot hiB so. Use ein hoff Robert Tnmn hadd- am enyd )Jewn inynweat yn gorwedd Daw drwy wyrth o byrth y bedd I felus dir gorfoledd; J'uela I wlad yr hapua wledd, I nofio mewn tangnefedd; Hafoidd n wych fydd ei wedd-gyd Ion, Yno *>i wy goron «i dwgwedd, NlCAVDBB.
our library abtt. ENOCH ARDEN. &C. By Alfred Tennyson, D.C.L., Poet Laureate. London: Edward Moxon & Co., Dover- street. This poem had been long announced, and under dif- ferent titles; but the public is in possession of it at last; and we doubt not that it has been eagerly read, for the name of the Laureate is sufficiently attmctive- I and we get so little poetry now, really worth taking the trouble to peruse, that we look to anything frf)ul Ten- nyson's pen with "great expectations." "Enoch Ar- den" will sustain the Laureate's fame, but it does not increase it. There is the same melodious flow of lan- guage, the same happy vein of thought, the same plea- sant rhythm, and the same deep feeling, that runs through the other works of the author; but we don't like the tele he tells. The scene lies in a seaside village, where Annie Lee, The prettiest little damsel in the port, And Philip Wray, the miller's only son, And Enoch Arden, a rough sailor's lad, Made orphan by a winter shipwreck, play'd Among the waste and lumber of the shore, Hard coils of cordage, swarthy fishing nets, Anchors of rusty fluke, and boats up drawn, And built their castles of dissolving sand To watch them overflow'd, or following up And flying the white breaker, daily left The little foot-print daily washed away." Both boys cherished a love for Annie; each called her "his little wife;" and they quarielled, as many boys have done before them; Enoch, from being the stronger, always coming off victor in any struggle. Then would Philip, his blue eyes All flooded with the helpless wrath of tears, Shriek out, 'I hate you, Enoch And at this The little wife would weep for company, And pray them not to quarrel for her sake, And say, she would be little wife to both." And so she was; but we wish the poet had caused her to become so, if at all, in a different way.—The feeling of childhood and boyhood, in the two youths, ripened and strengthened as they grew to manhood. And when The new warmth of life's ascending sun Was felt by either, either fix'd his heart On that one girl; and Enoch spoke his love, But Philip loved in silence; and the girl Seem'd kinder unto Philip than to him; But she lov'd Enoch, tho' she knew it not, And would, if ask'd, deny it." Enoch married her, and they had seve.i years of happy life. Two children were boru, a boy and girl, and all went happily for some time. Then misfortune came. An accident injured Enoch, from the effects of which, however, he recovered but his trade fell off; his wife bore him a third child, a sickly boy and all seemed gloomy; when the captain of a vessel, who knew and valued him, offered to take him a voyage to China as boatswain; and he resolved to go. Annie remonstrated, Yet not with brawling opposition, But manifold entreaties, many a tear, Many a sad kiss by day and night renew'd (Sure that all evil would come out of it) Besought him, supplicating, if he cared For her, or his dear children, not to go. He not for his own self caring, but for her, Her and her children, let her plead in vain; So grieving held his will, and bore it thro' He reasoned, argued with her, and held out pleasing anticipations of better times. Hopefully she heard, And almost hoped herself; but when he turn'd The current of his talk to graver things In sailor fashion roughly sermonizing Oil Providence and trust in Heaven, she heard, Heard and not heard him; as the village girl, Who sets her pitcher underneath the spring, M using on him that used to fill it for her, Hears and not hears, and lets it overflow." The parting of Enoch with his children, especially with the sick one, sleeping in bed, is narrated in few words, but with deep feeling. Annie would have raised the sleeping child, but Enoch said, Wake him not; let him sleep; how should the child Remember this ?' And kissed him in his cot. But Annie, from her baby's forehead dipt A tiny curl, and gave it; this he kept Through all his future." Ten years pass away. The sick child dies; Annie and her surviving children are reduced to poverty. Philip Wray, who is a wealthy and thriving miller, and has never forgotten his early love, is very kind to her. At length, hearing nothing of her husband and believing him dead, she became the wife of Philip but happiness at first was far distant, for "Never merrily beat Annie's heart, A footstep seemed to fall beside her path, She knew not whence; a whisper on her ear, She knew not what; nor loved she to be left Alone at home, nor ventured out alone. What ailod her then that, ere she entered, often Her hand dwelt lingeringly on the latch, Fearing to enter; Philip thought he knew; Such doubts and fears were common to her state; Being with child but when her child was born, Then her new child was as herself renew'd, Then the new mother came about her heart, Then her good Philip was her all-in-all, And that mysterious instinct wholly died." Time passes—Annie is happy, for she has every com- fort around her; and little dreams that her first love, her first husband, is still living. He bad been wrecked, with two companions, in Chinese waters, and cast upon an island, the description of which is, we think, the most beautiful passage in the poem. "The mountain wooded to the peak, the lawns And winding glades high up, like ways to Heaven, The slender coco's drooping crown of plumes, The lightning flash of insect and of bird, The lustre of the long convolvuluses That coil'd around the stately stems, and ran Ev'n to the limit of the land, the glows And glories of the broad belt of the world, All these he saw but what he fain had seen He could not see, the kindly human face, Nor ever hear a kindly voice, but heard The myriad shriek of wheeling ocean-fowl, The league-long roller thundering on the reef, The moving whisper of huge trees that branch'd And blossom'd in the zenith, or the sweep Of some precipitous rivulet to the wave, As down the shore he ranged, or all day long Sat often iu the seaward-gazing gorge, A shipwrecked sailor, waiting for a sail; No sail from day to day, but every day The sunrise broken into scarlet shafte Among the palms, and ferns, and precipices; The blaze upon the waters to the east; The blaze upon his island overhead; The blaze upon the waters to the west; Then the great stars that globed themselves in Heaven, The hollower-bellowing ocean, and again The scarlet shafts of sunrise—but no sail." A sail does come, and conveys him home But to what a home. His cottage deserted, and his Annie the I wife of another; these are the greetings which await him. He hears the tale from lliriam Lane, who keeps the village inn, and where he is unrecognised and he sees, without being seen himself, the wife of two lius bands" in her happiness. Philip, the slighted suitor of old times, Stout, rosy, with his babe across his knees; And o'er her second father stoop'd a girl, A later but a loftier Anna Lee, Fair-haired and tall, and from her lifted hand Dangled a length of ribbon and a ring To tempt the babe, who rear'd his creasy arms, Caught at and ever miss'd it, and they laughed; And on the left hand of the hearth he saw The mother glancing oft towards her babe, But turning now and then to speak with him, Her son, who stood beside her, tall and strong, And saying that which pleased him, for he smiled." This happiness Enoch resolves not to interrupt. He remains in the village, living at the inn, supporting him- self by his labour, and no one recognizing him, whilst he resolved Not to tell her, never to let her know." He tells his sad tale, however, to the widow Lane on his death-bed, especially referring to his dead child. And now there is but one of all my blood, Who will embrace me in the world to be; This hair is his; she cut it off and gave it, And I have borne it with me all these years, And thought to bear it with me to my grave; But now my mind is changed, for I shall see him, My babe in bliss; wherefore, when I am gone, Take, give her this, for it may comfort her; It will moreover be a token to her That I am he." The third night after this, When Enoch slumbered, motionless and pale, And Miriam watched, and dozed, at intervals, There came so loud a calling of the tea That all the houses in the haven rang. He woke, he rose, he spread his arms abroad, Crying with a loud voice, A sail! a sail I am saved aud so fell back, and spoke no more. So passed the strong heroic soul away. And when they buried him, the little port Had seldom seen a costlier fuueral." So ends Enoch Arden; who, we think, is wrougly styled a man of strong heroie soul." To entitle him to that epithet he should have died as he had lived -un- known and not by sending the well-reme:nbered token to Annie, embittered all the remainder of her life; though she had only been guilty of an involuntary fault. We like the poetry, but not the tale. There are several other poems in the volume of dif- ferent degrees of merit. Aylmer's Field, a story of 1723," as a tale is not more pleasing than Enoch Arden, whilst as a poem it is inferior. "Sea Dreams" is better; and The Grandmother" better still. She is telling a tale to her gr--iid-child-aud old passions, and old feel- ings revive fresh in the memory. For I remember a quarrel I had with your father my dear, All for a slanderous story, that cost me many a tear. I mean your grandfather, Annie; it cost me a world of woe, Seventy years ago, my darling; seventy years ago!" The May Queen" is, however, the best of the short poem3; though there i. much merit in the humourous, ballad of The Northern Farmer," in which the Lau- reate shews himself master of the north coun'.ry dialect. Nor is the nursery forgotten. For that domestic apart- meut, where little loves and little graces nestle, we have a fitting song in LITTLE BIRWB. I What does little birdie say In her nest, at peep of day ? Let me fly, says little birdie, Mother, let me fly away. Birdie, rest a little longer, Till the little wings are stronger. So she rests a little longer, Then she flies away. What does little baby say I In her bed, at peep of day ? Baby says, like little birdie, Let me rise and fly away. Baby sleep a little longer, Till the little wings are stronger. If she sleeps a little longer, Baby too shall fly away." Mr. Tennyson gives us, at the end of his volume some, experiments" which he has made in versifying in classic metres. These experiments are failures. Not so his translation of the close of the 8th book of the Iliad" into English verse. With an extract frota that notice we close our review of this new production of the Laureate, and turn from Our Library Table" till an- other week has passed its round. So Hector said, and sea-like roar'd his host; Then loosed their sweating horses from the yoke, And each beside his chariot found his own; And oxen from the city, and goodly sheep In haste they drove, and honey-hearted wine And bread from out the houses brought, and heap'd Their firewood, and the winds from off the plain Roll'd the rich vapour far into the heaven. Add these all night upon the bridge* of war Sat glorying; many a fire before them blazed; As when in heaven the stars about the moon Look beautiful, when all the winds are laid, And every height comes out, and jutting peak And valley, and the immeasurable heavens Broke ol)en to their highest, and all the stars Shine, and the shepherd gladdens in his heart. So many a fire between the ships and stream of Troy, A thousand on the plain and dose by each Sat fifty in the blaze of burning fire; And champing golden grain the horses stood Hard by their chariots, waiting for the dawn. t Or, ridge, t Or, more literally, "And eating hoary grain and pulse the steeds Stood by their cars, waiting the throned morn." LLANDUDNO AS IT WAS, AND AS IT IS. Liverpool. Egertou Smith and Co. This is a pleasantly written little pamphlet, by Lieut. Colonel Walmaley, who resides in the neighbour- hood of Llandudno, and who, it will be remembered, took such a warm and manly interest in the fate of poor Major-Serjeant Lilley, and which reflected so much upon his good feeling and love of justice. Llandudno as it was is from a description written in the year 1849, before the modern Llandudno, with its good and spacioui hotels, shops, and public buildings, came into existence, and will be perused both by visitors and the inhabitants, with much pleasurable curiosity, as it will enable them to compare the state of the "Queen of the Western Coast" at the present with what it was a few years ago, and the contrast is striking enough. The sketches are written in a free, off-hand, pleasant style and are characterized by truthful simplicity and correctness of detail. The little book should be purchased by every person who visits Llaududno/ind itwould bean admirable gift-book to their English friends at home, who may have some thoughts of paying a visit to North Wales. They will then be enabled to learn whilst in their own drawing rooms, what kind of a place Llandudno is, and what they are likely to see when they arrive there. We have no doubt but it will have a very large circulation. THE ACT PROVIDING FOR SUPERANNUATION ALLOWANCES TO OFFICERS OF UNION AND PARISHES, 27 and 28 Vic., c., 42), with introduction and Notes by R. Cecil Aus- tin, Esq., of Gray's Inn, Barrister-atlaw-Knight and Co., Fleet-street.. We have risen with satisfaction from the perusalof this little volume. It is very comprehensive on the subject of which it treats, and with its introduction and notes, valuable both to the officers who have to become recip- ients of its benefits and to the Guardians who have to confer them. By this Act superannuation allowances may be made by the Guardians to any officer whose whole time has been devoted to the service of the Union or Parish who shall become incapable of discharging the duties of his office with efficiency by reason of perman- ent informity of mind or body or of old age. Upon his resigning or otherwise ceasing to hold his office, an an- nual allowance not exceeding in any case two-thirds of his then salary this allowance not to be assignable, and not to be granted on the ground of age unless the officer shall be 60 years of age and served in some Union or Parish for 20 years at the least; but no grant can be made without one month's previous notice to be special- ly given in writing, to every Guardian of the Union or Parish of the proposal to make such grant and the time when it shall be brought forward. The provisions of this Act will thus exclude unworthy characters from its advantages, and will in general act as a stimulant to good conduct on the part of the officers. Books and Periodicals for Review to be sent to W. C- Stafford, Esq., No. 79, (late No. 4) York Road. Lam. beth, S., our London agent for the literary department of the Chronicle.
In this department as a full and free expression of opinion of accorded to correspondents, the Editor wishes it to be dis- tinctly understood, that he holds himself responsible for none. All letters should be accompanied by the name and address of the writer, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. I
MENAI BRIDGE. I To tht Editor of the North Wales Chroniele. I Sir,- I am most happy to inform you that the rfew remarks on the Menai Bridge Clock, that appeared late- ly in the CnituNicrLe, have proved effectual to answer their purpose—to remedy the disease, and to set right what was wrong.. At present the clock is carefully attended to, instead of being a snare, and it goes with correctness and regu- larity in comparison to what it did before and it is a credit to the maker, Mr. Joyce, of Whitchurch. It is a great convenience to the neighbourhood, and speaks well for the liberality of Lady Willoughby de Broke, by whom it was presented, and proves at the same time that the people of Menai Bridge regard the giver by do- ing their duty towards the gift. Now, Sir, as the previous remarks have answered their purpose, allow me to call the attention of the inhabit- ants of this village, and others who have business con- nections therewith, to a few points that I consider well worthy of their notice. In the first place, as to the City of Dublin Company's Landing-stage and Pier-head." It is well known that the said Company have for many years, with their steamers, engrossed the principal traffic of the station between here and Liverpool; and I may Bay (as others have already said) that the cash paid as expenses, &c., upon this line every year have brought in uncommonly good interest. It is also well known to everybody that knows anything about this place how deficient, incon- venient, and dangerous is the condition of their landing place. Only notice the Prince Arthur, crowded with passengers, arriving at low water; she cannot come within five or six yards of the stage, the result being that the passengers are obliged to land in boats on the muddy shore, or stay in the steamer for an hour or thereabouts, until the tide comes in to float her to the stage. The numerous accidents, also, which have happened from time to time in this place testify to the truth of this statement.. But, without going any further on this point, I beg to say that the said Company ought to have ,some im- provements made without delay in the Landing-stage, which would most decidedly be a great blessing to tra- vellers, and beneficial to the village in general. The next point I wish to call the attention of the peo- ple of Menai Bridge to is this. The poverty of the vil- lage, as it regards villas and cottages suitable for visi- tors, and residences and lodging-houses for the summer season, is a fact which we must acknowledge. All our edifices, both dwelling-houses and public buildings, (with the exception of pne or two) have been built in a man- ner which is perfectly destitute of any architectural skill and taste, and this not only as to those which were erect- ed in the days of our forefathers, but even those in the present day, which we may say are about to be com- pleted, but will never be complete; and by reason of this discreditable fact, I don't hesitate to say that it is im. possible to express the loss we suffer year after year. Numerous are the parties that have been here already this season seeking a suitable residence for the sum- mer months, and were obliged to see elsewhere for them. Now, Sir, before I conclude, allow me to ask those who feel anyinterest in the success and welfare of Menai Bridge, is it impossible to make any arrangements with the landowners of Plasnewydd, Craig-y-don, and Cad- nant Estates to let some portions of their land, upon reasonable terms, in Building Lots !BaY that plot be- tween the Moorings and Craig Gwen, on the Cadnant Estate, and the Ty'nycaeau and adjoining fields on the I'la-mewydd and Craigydon estates. These portions are most beautifully situated, and command splendid view3 of the Carnarvonshire range of mountains, the Great Orme's Head, and Puffin Island, and the Menai and Britannia Bridges. They are close to the side of the Menai Straits, and are suitable for sea bathing. Hoping that these remarks will attract the attention of the people of Menai Bridge, I remain, Sir, Yours respectfully, FERRYMAN. August 30th, 1864. ￼ FERRnIAN. I
I THE COUNCIL OF YR EISTEDDFOD" AND GWILYM TAWE. To the Editor of the North Wales Chronicle. Sir,—May I be allowed, through your columns, to ask the public to suspend, for a few days, their opinion of my conduct in regard to the unjustifiable attack made upon me at the General Meeting of the Eisteddfod Committee, on Friday last, and reported in your paper. Being now on a holiday tour through North Wales, and not having necessary papers with me to refer to, I am compelled to delay replying until my return home, which reply your readeis and the public will find satis- factory. I am, Sir, Your obedient servant, I W. MORRIS, (Qwilym Tawe). September lBt, 1864.
I THE LLANDUDNO EISTEDDFOD- I To the Editor of the North Wales Chronicle. SIR,- Y ou state in your impression of to-day, that a concert was held in the Pavilion,on Friday, but were not aware with what success it passed off. I can assure you that a more badly managed affair never was. First of all, it was stated on the bills that the concert would commence at 7 30, whereas it commenced at 5 30; and so myself and friends were disappointed of the com- mencement, not being aware of the alteration made at the last moment. Neither was the programme kept to, or in any way observed; and the attendance was but very thin. The cheering came almost entirely from the peo- ple on the stage; and on its being proposed that another concert should be held on Saturday (to-day), scarcely a dozen hands were held up by the audience. I do not think the public ought to be so duped by the managers. I can only way, a concert in my school- room, by a few country folks, was far better performed. One other point I wish to notice, and that is, the truth of the letter by your correspondent, on "Cruelty, to Animals in Llandudno." I witnessed a few days ago a man on horseback, riding at a reckless pace near the Market-place, knock a little boy down, run over him, and coolly go cn. I am, Sir, Yours respectfully, A CORNISH PARSON I I Llandu:lno,AugU8t 27,1M<. CORN1SH PARSON I
A UNIVERSITY FOR WALES. I To the Editor of the North Wales Chronicle, I Sir,—Permit me to say a few words in reference to the letter of the Rev. H." Owen, on the above subject, in your last. I am glad to find that he, like myself, is indisposed to engage in controversy. Weare told that the good and learned Prelate, who presides over the See of Bangor, has endorsed Mr. Owen's opinions on the question of a University for Wales. I am sure that the promoters of the movement will feel unfeigned 'sorrow at this announcement, and that they will only see the need of additional zeal and earnestness on-their own part, when deprived of the sympathy and aid of so influential and excellent a man as the Loid Bishop of Bangor. We are anxious that the grounds of our movement should not be misapprehended. We are not seeking Collegiate. and University privileges for Wales, from an opinion that Oxford and Cambridge are not the best schools of training for those who can command the means (although even upon this point very different views are held by men of eminence), but becauso the young men of Wales cannot, in any adequate number, command the means, or obtain the privileges. The feir, who form exceptions, may still go to the elder Universi- ties, but the many, who are now deprived of University education, by reason of its expense and restrictions, have to be provided for in some other way. This is what we are seeking to accomplish. Your reverend correspondent will permit me to as- sure him that he is greatly mistaken in supposing that Churchmen will not extend their support to an insti- tution based upon the principles of the London Univer- sity and the Queen's College in Ireland." The majority of our committee are faithful Churchmen. The first subscriber of zEI000 to our Fund is a Churchman; and second subscriber of £1000 is a Churchman also. Some eight or niue members of Parliament on our Committee are Churchmen, In this we find very great satisfaction, since it demonstrates beyond doubt that our scheme is so catholic, and so fair to all parties, as to command the approval and confidence of the most enlightened and pa- triotic men. As to the University of London, your correspondent cannot have forgotten that one of the most learned of Welsh Bishops, and one of the soundest of Churchmen, has for many years been a member of its Council-a Council almost without exception made up of members of the established Church, and having at its head so judicious and true-hearted a nobleman as the Right Hon. the Earl of Granville. The Queen's Colleges and University in Ireland, are quite as strongly supported by Churchmen as is the University of London. I hope these facts, which with further detail might be made far more telling, will suffice to satisfy unprejudiced minds that we are attempting nothing which faithful members of the Church of Eng- land need be afraid of countenancing. We are only desirous of obtaining means for the instruction of the greatest number possible of our able and respectable youth in sound knowledge. The Church of England is not such a frail institution--based on such a shaky foundation in the hearts of her friends, that the further enlightenment of the people will endanger her safety. To almost every iota of the doctrinal Articles of the Church, I cordially adhere myself, and I apprehend no danger whatever to the faith embodied in them from the increase of schools and the progress of scientific and general knowledge. Besides, have we not a guarantee for the safe custody of theological truth in the nume- rous clergy of Wales of different Evangelical Churches, and in the many theological seminaries of the land ? Indeed, the proposed University itself will contribute to the same effect: for one of its subjects for examina- tion will be the evidences of the Christian religion. But if Mr Owen, and others who may think with him -all of whom we are prepared unfeignedly to respect, even for their conscientious disapproval of our work- think that no education can be wholesome except what is under the direct and exclusive control of one body of Christians, ex gr., the Church of England, then we can only say that snch a sentiment, however honest and conscientious, is, in our opinion, totally incapable of being practically carried out without injustice in a country where the Church of Christ is divided into many churches. Education in the olden time became the care of one church, because of the fact that only one church existed. It is still, to a great extent, naturally, the care of the Church; but it must henceforth be the care of the Church as a body, spiritually one, but in ex. ternal constitution and mode of action presenting many varieties. We have no escape from this except by the abandonment of the Protestant principle of the right of private judgment, and foicible conformity to one ec- clesiastical policy. Cannot Christian men submit to the necessity of circumstances, and join hands in promoting the education of the people ? Mr. Owen, in his paper read at Bangor, if I mistake not, argued that we have in Wales an adequate edu- cational supply for our youth. I am bound to take his own interpretation of his own words. He now explains that he had no thought of dealing with education or educational institutions, generally," but that he meant throughout "ifrst-class" and University education, and "in this respect maintained that the youths of the Principality already enjoy equal advantages with their English fellow countrymen." But the youth of Wales have no University or first-class Collegiate Institutions at all. Mr. Owen, must, therefore, be understood to say that the youth of a country, which has no Univer- sity or first-class colleges at all, already enjoy equal ad- vantages with those of a country where all those ad- vantages are possessed." It is our impression that Wales has as good and just a claim to Collegiate and University education as Ire- land or Scotland; and that a Government which expended a hundred thousaud pounds in erectlug three Queen's Colleges in Ireland, and sends thither, some £20,000 annually for high-class education (in addition to some £ 3u0,000 per annum for common school educa- tion) and has recently supplemented the income of the already wealthy Universities of Scotland with £ 20,000 per annum, will not deem it a waste of public money to make for once a moderate grant to Ivales. I aui, Sir, Yours truly, Ang. 29,1864. THOS. NICHOLAS. I Ang. 29, 1864.
A UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGES FOR I WALES. A select and influential preliminary meeting to con- sider the above important subject, and to receive a deputation from the London Committee, consisting of Dr Nicholas and Hugh Owen, Esq., of London, was held on Monday evening last, at the Normal College, Bangor. The llev. J. Phillips, the Principal of the College, presided. The CHAIRMAN, in a brief address, stated the object of the meeting, pointing out the importance of the work in hand to the welfare of the principality. There could be no doubt, he said, about the need and value of edu- cation. Still, differences of opinion might exist as to the desirability of a university for Wales. Gentlemen pre- sent would be at liberty to ask any questions of the deputation; and he hoped such statements would be made as would satisfy the minds of all present. Dr. NICHOLAS explained the nature of the university sought to be established, together with the reasons which weighed with the committee in favour of the scheme. A university, technically speaking, was a cor- poration constituted by authority of the crown, and empowered to examine and' confer degrees. The great universities of Oxford and Cambridge had an aggregation of colleges for the education of young men; but the colleges were not, properly, the universities. The Scottish universities combined both elements in one. The necessities of modern timeb had given birth to a new principle, which was developed in the University of London, where no provision is made for teaching: but young men, educated elsewhere, are received as candi- dates for examination and the honours due to scholar- ship. At first, some forty or fifty oolleges, belonging to different bodies of Christians, scattered all over the king- dom, whose course of education was considered satisfac- tory, were also associated with the university by affili- ation," and thereby privileged to send up their alumni for examination. In this respect an alteration hits recently been made, as some think, greatly to the damage of the reputation of the university; and young men are now received as candidates for its degrees from all schools whatever, and even from private study. Another phase of the university is seen in the recently formed Queen's University," in Ireland. Here the young men to be examined have their e(li,catton pro- vided for in three Queen's Colleges of Belfas c, Cork, aud Galway all built and endowed by Government; open to students of all denominations, on equal terms, and imparting the most superior education at a very moderate outlay. It is conceived that this principle would suit Wales. Two colleges-one for North and one for South Wales, in addition to the colleges of various denominations already existing—would constitute a teaching apparatus highly respectable, and sufficiently strong to furnish a large body of well-prepared candidates for the examina- tions and honours of the university. That Wales needed and deserved such a boon was abundantly evident. We had half the population of ly, and not a single Scotland; but Wales had no university, and not a single high-class college, while Scotland had four universities, together with a large number of superior colleges, where above 4,000 of her sons were under continual instruction. Wales, too, was becoming daily more important in point of trade and manufacture, wealth and population. While it might be true that an advantage was gained by send- ing young men to England for education, it was evident from facts that comparitively few were being sent. Even the University of London, though open to all parties without distinction, exerted little influence on the Principality, mainly because it supplied no educating machinery. Wales required a provision near home for the education, of its numerous youth of the upper middle, and higher classes, at a cost corresponding with the means of the country, and on a principle adapted to the liberty of thought and variety of creed prevailing among the people. We had large numbers of young men, of superior intellect, thirsting for knowledge, and quite incapable of obtaining it. Such cases were daily increasing, and would continue to increase, and at a more rapid ratio, as the enterprise, wealth, and population of the country advanced. It was obvious that, from the want of collegiate education similar to that possessed by all other sections of the kingdom, the influence and dig- nity as well as the real strength of Wales greatly suffered. A province where education was confessedly so low could claim no consideration in the kingdom.— Then, that Wales deserved the succour of the Govern- ment in this matter was beyond question. Wales was a loyal and peaceful province. Its people were virtuous and industrious, almost beyond example. Perhaps, if they had been given to political clamour and anarchy, like the Irish, something had long been done for their benefit, as was the ease with the latter people. Nothing, however, had been done for Wales, and nothing would be done till Wales put in her claim. While great edu- cational institutions were supplied for Ireland at a building cost of a hundred thousand pounds and about £ 20,000 per annum for current expenses, in addition to what was spent on common school education, and in addition to the University of Dublin; and while the already rich universities of Scotland received an annual grant of zC20,000 from our exchequer, towards all of which "poor Wales" was a contributor-poor Wales herself was left notoriously destitute, and apparently forgotten. The movement they had set on foot was intended to remedy this state of things. Mr. Hugh Owen, of London, one of the honorary secretaries of the University for Wales, remarked that after the able and clear statement made by Dr. Nicholas as to the advantagesthatwouldaccrueto the Welsh nation by the establishment of a university, he should confine himself to the consideration of the means to be adopted for obtaining the funds necessary for carrying out the undertaking. It is estimated that a sum of not less than X50,000 will be required to be raised from the people for the purpose of establishing two university collegef,- one for North Wales and the other for South Wales. Besides this amount the committee relied on receiving a liberal pecuniary grant from the Government—a grant in proportion to those made to the educational institu- tions of England, Ireland, and Scotland. Their efforts will be directed in the first instance to the raising of a voluntary fund; and he was happy to say that he had been encouraged by receiving promises of various sums amounting in the whole to about L3,000-Mi-. William Williams, M.P., contributing ZCIOOO, Mr. Thomas Savin £ 1000 and a site for the North Wales college. The committee had confidence that it only needed to satisfy those in our country to whom Providence had entrusted great wealth, that the object was eminently deserving of theirsupport to induce them to send in their contributions. The committee attached the utmost importance to en- listing the sympathies of all classes of the community in favour of the undertaking; and with that view they were about to issue short addresses, and to distribute them freely and extensively among the middle and working classes. These addresses will fully explain the nature of the institutions proposed to be established, and the advantages which they will confer on the country. They will be placed in the hands of suitable persons in each locality for distribution and, concurrently with the issue of such addresses, steps will be taken for form- ing local committees, with secretaries and treasurers, whose functions will be to organize means for making, within a certain week to be fixed, a simultaneous canvass of the whole of the Principality. The central committee will not fail to avail themselves of the Press of Wales, which is ever ready to lend its powerful aid to every object calculated to benefit the country and they will also be glad to promote the holding of public meetings, and invite the clergy, ministers df religious denomina- tions, and other persons of influence, to assist at such meetings in enforcing the claims of this undertaking to the warm sympathy and liberal support of all classes of the people. The committee feel that as yet they have done but little but they are deeply impressed with the importance and magnitude of the work, and are deter- mined, with the help of Almighty God, to do their ut- most to secure its accomplishment. Several other gentlemen addressed the meeting, and a free discussion on the merits of the movement ensued, the result of which was that the following resolutions were unanimously adopted:— 1. That this meeting deeply sympathizes with the proposal to establish a University for Wales, and under- takes to form a local Committee for assisting in carrying out the proposal. 2. That preparatory to the formation of a local Com- mittee for the city of Bangor, it is desirable to seek the co-operation of the Bishop of the Diocese, and that the deputation from London, consisting of Geo. Osborne Morgan, Esq., Hugh Owen, Esq., and Dr. Nicholas, the Secretary, be requested to seek an interview with his Lordship for that purpose.
A housekeeper in a gentleman's family at Weymouth committed suicide by cutting her head nearly off. On the following day her master, while bathing, was taken in a fit, and was drowned. His butler, who was in the water with him, was so frightened that he sank also, and was nearly drowned. A waterspout burst off Brighton on Sunday last, the 21st.
BANGOR AND BEAUMARIS BOARD OF GUARDIANS. The ordinary fortnightly meeting of this Board was held iu the Board Room on Wednesday last, when the following Guardians were present :— C. Bickuell, Esq., Chairman Geo. Simpson, Esq., Vice-Chairman Honble. H. W. Fitz Maurice; Messrs. Rowland Parry, John Roberts, E. P. Evans, Win. Wil- liams, Geo. Owen, Hugh Hughes, W. Hughes, Evan Roberts, Jno. Sennar, T. Morris, Jno. Williams, W. T. Rogers, Hugh Roberts, Rd. Evans, Ilobt. Williams, Thos. Hughes, W. Williams, and Roger Evans. The CHAIKMAN read the minutes of the last meeting. The New Guardians.—The CHAIRMAN announced that the following Guardians had been elected for the Bangor and Beaumaris Union—For Bangor Mr. Thos. T. Parry, Mr. Evan Pugh Evans, and Mr. Robt. Roberts LIan: deg;ti-)Ir. William Evans, and Mr. Bennet Thoruas Llanfaes—Mr. J no. Owen; Llanfihatigei-tyn-syhvy— Mr. John Jones; and fur LlaDliechid-NJr. Thomas Morris. The CHALBMAJF congratulated Mr. E. P. Evans on his election, and said the Guardians were very glad to see him amongst them once again. The New County Asse,sytteizt.-Tiie CHAIRMAN remark- ed that he saw from the minutes of the last meeting that replies had been received from Pwllheli and other Parishes which were unsatisfactory. In his opinion there had been a great deal of delay aud laxity on the part of several of the Unions in the matter of the New Assess- ment, and he believed that the New Prison, in Carnar- von, would be built before they were all completed. Now this was very hard, and particularly as it affected the Parish of Bangor. Mr. ROWLAND PARRY agreed with the remarks made by the Chairman, and suggested that the Board memor- alize the Magistrates oil the subject, at the next Qarter Sessions in order to compel the different Unions to com- plete the New Valuation. The CLBRK (Mr. J. Thomas) stated, he believed the Magistrates had power invested in them to compel the completion of the Valuation. Transfer of a Pauper.—The CHAIRMAN read a letter from the North Wales Lunatic Assylum in which it was stated that no transfer of the lunatic pauper, Rd. Jones, had been made or ordered, from the Bangor and Beau- maris Union to that of Anglesea. The Clerk was in. structed to write to the A ngleea Board, and to request that the transfer be made at once. Tlte Inspector's Report.- At the last meeting, the Re- lieving Officer for Bangor, Mr. Lewis Edwards, was ap- pointed to inspect the nuisances said to exist at Menai Bridge, &c and to report on the same to the Board. The following is a copy of the Report :— To the Chairman, and the Board of Guardians of the Bangor and Beaumaris Union. Gentlemen,—As my time will expire, as an Inspec- tor of iN ijisances for the Parishes of Bangor, Llanfair- fechan, and Aber, on the 8th proximo, I beg to inform you that most of the nuisances complained of have been removed, with the exception that the privies in some dis- tricts have not been completed. The village of Treiufryn is also in a better state, more particularly the property of the Honble. Colonel Pennant. As it regards Menai Bridge, the nuisances complained of by Dr. Thomas, namely, the cowhouse, the pigstve and the privy, all opposite to his house, and which are very near to the highway, and which in my opinion encroach on the parish road, have all been cleaned. The privies in gener- al were very dirty, and the drains were complained of in some cases. I am, &c., L. EDWARDS." Lewis Edwards was then called in and stated in reply to questions put to him by the Chairman that the cow- house and the pigstye were now empty aud that they and the privy had been well cleaned so that now he did not consider that they constituted a nuisance. He thought they all encroached upon the highway, but he did not direct the attention of the local Surveyor to the subject. As it regarded the property belonging to Col. Pennant, he had written to Captain Iremonger and called his notice to the matter. Mr. RoGtm EVANS begged to be allowed to make a few observations in reference to the nuisances said to exist at the Menai Rridge. Mr. Rogers had stated at the last meeting of the Boarc1, that Menai Bridge was the worst place, as regards nuisauces, in the Union. Now Mr. Rogers must have made a mistake in the matter from some cause or other. The town was built upon a rock, and some 12 years, ago, as many of them could re- member, a main drain was cut below the road, and now there were side drains running into it from ditierent parts of the town. The remarks of Mr. Rogers had hurt the feelings of the inhabitants of Menai Bridge very much, because they tended to injuire the town in' the eyes of the Visitors. As regarded the encroachment on the highway, Mr. Price the owner of the property had been served with a summons, and he had employed a lawyer to defend his claim, as the buildings had been on the same spot as now for the last 40 years or so. He did not believe himself that the cowhouse, &c., did en- croach, as the road was wider in that place than it was in many other parts. The CHAIRMAN said, the Inspector had reported that no nuisances did exist there now, and that statement would put the Menai Bridge people right with the Visi- tors. As to the question of the encroachment, he did not think the Board had any power to deal with it. The CLERK remarked that by the Sanitary Act a nuisance was defined as being something which was in- jurious to health, and not somethingwhich merely offend- ed the eye. At a subsequent stage of the meeting, Dr. Thomas and At a subse q uent Mr. Evans (Bankruptcy lawyer, Liverpool) came into the Board Room, to complain of the same nuisance. Mr. Evans said the privy was right in front of his drawing room, and therefore it was exceedingly disagreeable. The CHAIRMAN said, he was afraid the Board had no power to interfere in the matter other than to see that the privy &c. were kept clean, and were not permitted to be a nuisance, and which he said the Board would do. With their removal they had nothing whatever to do. Mr. Thomas and Mr. Evans then withdraw. A Refractory Paupe)-A woman named Grace Hughes, a pauper inmate of the house, was called in to be reprimanded by the Chairman for having committed an assualt upon Williams, the Porter. It appears that she slapped him in the fane, and the Master had been told by a gentleman to take her before the M agistratea for the assault; but'as the offence was committed only the day before, he thought it best to bring the matter before the Guardians for them to deal with the case as they might determine. Grace, who proceeded to dis- cribe how it all happened, was cut short in her oration, by the Chairman, who told her that if she or any other of the inmates of the house assaulted any of the officers again, they would certainly be sent before the Magis- trates. Mr. Williams, the Porter, applied for a week's leave of absence, which was granted, after some questions had been put to the master, who undertook to do his duties whilst he was away holidaying it. The Master stated that certain repairs were required in the house; and Mr. Rowland Parry and Mr. Ro er Evans were requested to inspect the house to aseeitain whether or not the repairs were really required. Financial.—Balance in the Treasurer hands— £ 325 lIs. 5d. Amount of cheques to the Relieving Officers, jE457 amount of arrears due from the different Parishes, X1630 14s. Od. (calls all due in a week's time Out-re- lief for the past fortniglit-X203 19s. I Od. irretnovealilo poor, X2o4 4s. od. non-settled poor, X50 4s. Od. No., in the Workhouse 64 corresponding week of last year, 62.
On The Preston Guardian states that the Rev. S. J. C. Adamson, late incumbent of Padiham, has, with his usual liberality, offered to give £4,000 towards the erection of four churches, one to be built in each of the following places :—Padiham, Symonstone, Hapton, and Higham. The Leiciston (Maine) Journal says there are a couple of spinsters in Green—monomaniacs in their way—who have been trying to see how many cats could be mul- tiplied from one pair. They began with one pair when the rebellion broke out, and as the kittens haffe grown and multiplied their number now reaches the alarming sum of 440 cats and kittens. DREADFUL DEATH IN A WELL.—A short time since, a well-sinker, named Perier, was being let down into an old well, nearly 60 feet deep, at Haute-Savoie, for the purpose of effecting some repairs, and had already reach- ed within a short distance of the bottom, when a stone at the side, on which he had for a moment placed his foot, gave way end brought with it the whole of the masonry work lining the sides of shaft. Assistance was promptly obtained, and after about 14 hours' labour, nearly 20 feet of the stones and rubbish were removed, and the voice of the unfortunate man could be heard although closely pressed by the ruins, he had not received any serious injuries, and was able to breathe freely. Two mornings after, the removal of the rubbish was so far advanced that the workers had reached with- in six feet of Perier, and some broth was passed to him through an elastic tube. The work had, however, now become more dangerous. Twice the shoring partially gave way, and the clearing-out of the materials had to be recommenced. On the evening of the next day the labourers in the well called out that the unfortunate man was at length reached, and at the same time asked for a cord to be let down, in order to draw him to the surface. Another moment and he would have been rescued, but the sides once more gave way, the man again disappearing beneath the stones. Three hours later the rubbish had been cleared from Perier's head and shoulders, but it was now too late, as he had suc- cumbed from suffocation, after remaining buried for 86 hours.