Our library Stable. OUR OWN FinLsiDE. -London: Wm. Mackintosh, Pa. ternoster-row. This is a young periodical, not having been before the public, as yet twelve months. It is of the same class as Good Words," and the Sunday at Home; and is edited by the Rev. Charles Bullock, Rector of St. Nich- olas, Worcester. Like the publications we have named, it has a religious and moral tone; and its contents are adapted to the Sabbath, as well as for every-day read- ing it differs from them in one respect,—they are un- gectarian, whilst" Our Own Fireside supports Church of England views, and advocates Church of England principles: that is, the principles of that, section of the Church to which Mr. Bullock belongs,—the Low, or Evangelical, division. There is fiction, philosophy, natural history, poetry, and criticism, in its pages; and we see some of our contemporaries praise, very highly, the tale of Well Married," by Mrs Clara L. Balfour. As the chapters in the number now on our table, form the first portion we have seen of that tale, we can offer no opinion of it,-as we are not fond of beginning to read works of fiction in the middle of the story. -A paper entitled a Trek in Natal," from the journal of Mrs. George Hamilton Gordon—gives u. some interesting particulars of the mode of travelling in that country; and the subject is to be continued. We take from it the following description of an African waggon and driver Our waggon, after the South African style, is large and cumbrous, with a canvas covering, or tent, as it is called, and drawn by a span of twelve long horned oxen. Each of these has its peculiar name, which is perpetually being shouted out by the drivers. Colbert,' Plebat,' Scotland,' 'Artaveld,' Asman,' are some of the names with which we are now quite familiar. Their only har- ness is a wooden yoke over the neck, by which the two hind ones are attached to the pole, and the others, in pairs, to the long chain or trek. Our towtur driver April,' is a most characteristic-looking Kaffir. He is very black, with hair hanging in a number of short woolly tails, much like a housemaid's mop, sparkling eyes, and a wide mouth, often displaying, by a broad grin and merry laugh, a set of the whitest teeth. He speaks a few words of broken Euglish. The first day he was much amused at nurse's fears for our safety, and exclaimed—' Me too much laugh! Me too much laugh His dress consists of an old black wide-awake, in which are stuck some long feathers, very much after the fashion of an old Italian brigand, a short coat, and the outya-which consists of a number of tails or strips of dried skin dangling before and behind, suspended from a belt round the waist, ordinarily forming the only dress of the Natal Kaffir. A leather strap on his arm, and a pair of ox-hide garters on his bare polished leg, complete our driver's costume. Many of his coloured brethren are much smarter. The hair is worn worked up into most extraordinary shapes, sometimes looking like a small saddle on their heads, and at other times like a soldier's cap, surmounted by a leather ring, in which are stuck little ornaments, such as paper kives, stillet- toes, &c." ST. GEORGE'S ILLUSTRATED MAoAziNs.-London A. Hall and Co. This is a new periodical: and really we cannot say that it is wanted, for there appears to be quite as many shilling periodicals in the market as can find readers. It is as good as the St. James's," or Temple Bar,"—but not better. Two tales are commenced in it, My Friend Carl," by the author of Dr. Jacob and Lady Raven's Folly," by the author of The Chain of Des- tiny,"—and most of the other papers belong to the claita of fiction. One "A Walk through Sicily," gives us some pleasant glimpses of that island. Here is one of j them. The writer has been conducted, by a young wo- man, daughter of the landlady of the house where he passed one of his nights in Sicily, to the top of a hill, from whence, he was told, one of the most splendid prospects in Sicily was to be seen." Arrived at the summit," he says,—" I beheld a landscape, or rather a panorama, of almost unrivalled variety and magnificence. The sun had set, but the west still glowed with all that fervid splendour, which in southern latitudes, charac- terims the close of a summer's day, and the whole earth beneath was draped with those exquisite illusions which are created by the mingling of light with obscurity. Far away, on the hedge of the horizon, old dreamy towers and church spires reared their dusky masses against the rich red sky; which all the interval between them and the immediate foreground, was thickly dotted with ham- lets, convents, scattered homesteads, churches and groves, with small silver streams glittering in the faded light. It is worth undergoing the toil of climbing a hill, to be rewarded with such a prospect. The ST. JAMES'S MAGAZINIC .-London: W. Kent and Co. This is one of the best numbers we have seen of this periodical. It has the commencement of a tale by Miss Viodo., Only a Clod," which we think we shall like, as well as any we have yet read of that lady's produc- tions. There is, also, the commencement of another tale, Working in the dark," by Paul Feval; and a con- tinuation of the Dipplebury Scandal;" with seven miscellaneous papers-of which, we prefer, the Ad- ventures of a Queen's Messenger, and a "Week in War- wickshire and several pieces of poetry, better than the avenge. We recommend those who think England has no natural charm, and that they must wander abroad to meet with fine and pictureque scenery, to read "A Week in Warwickshire. There is much in that eouflty worth seeing; and so there is in every county In the kingdom. Warwick, the county town, was the last place the writer visited. As he approached it, Impreg- nable Warwick, massive and dark, flanked by its heavy walls, seemed to frown sternly upon the babbling Avon. Warwick Castle is to architecture, what the elephant is to animals-ungraeoftil, heavy; but of stupendous strength, built on a rock, which it equals in solidity and firmness." "Of allthe remains of the grand old feudal times, Warwick Castle claims pre- eminence. The unwieldy armour of the famous Guy is there to confute sceptics; and there, too, are shewn his porridge-pot, his wonderful flesh fork, and a rib of the Dun cow, the pith of her horns, and a tusk and shoulder blade bone of the wild boar. There, too, is Guy's tower; and from it you may look over a bright panorama, far as the eye can see, and count innumerable castles, and halls, and churches, and villages. It is such a view as none but a level country can present. You get War- wickshire at a glance; only a little distance lies its so- litary fashionable town, Leamington, with its boulevards and bath-houses; its archery and cricket-grounds." Southwards, there is Charlecote, embowered in trees; and, beyond it, Stratford; while, if you look immediately down, your eye rests upon vener- able walls and roofs, upon which centuries have sown moss and lichen till they are all green and gold. It was with such a view, that my happy week in Warwickshire ended." The CoRNHitL MAQAZINS. London: Smith and Elder. Miss Thackeray (the authoress of Cousin Phillia," and "Elizabeth,"—commences a new tale in this num- ber—" Wives and Daughters." The Lovers of Bally. vookan," is, also, a new tale, of which the first part is given. Margaret Denzil's History" is continued, and, we think drawing near its close. There is a brief, but succinct historical and topographical account of "Monaco;" "The Limited Enlistment Act," and the Morality of the Doctrine of Averages," are somewhat dry reading; but the account of the Tyrol Jubilee in 1863," is fine. Here is a scene at the church of Juns- bruck, the capital of Tyrol. "It was Saturday evening; and the Franciscan, or Court Church, was full of persons going to confession. That church is never without a congregation, silent, so- lemn, and patient; the crowned and sceptred shapes, which dwarf the name by their size, of emperors and queens, Rudolf and Arthur of Britain, Godfrey with the crown of thorns, and Queen Philippa, and Cunigunde, and other dames and heroes many, whether of history or f.tble, with the form af royalty apparelled, Kaiser Maximilian kneeling among them, on his gigantic mar- ble tomb, which yet is not his tomb. The faint light of the infrequent lamps before two or three shrines, gives an unreal mystic look to the, by day, too substantial images of bronze; and the air seems full of the low in- articulate whisperings of priest and penitent. All about are peasants, staring amazed at this great band of myste- terious champions that the art of Ludivico del Ducasum- moned forth, 300 years ago, to keep watch and ward around the hunters of the Tyrol. The rustics move about slowly, and you see many kneeling at the feet of, and perhaps praying to, these strange memorials of per- sonages half-enveloped in romance, or occasionally, and more fittingly, crossing themselves before the tomb of Hofer, as though he were a saint TEMPLE BAB.—London Temple Bar Office, 122, Fleet- street. This is a capital number of "Temple Bar;" which would be richly worth the shilling if it contained only the interesting article on Sir Laseelles W raxall's Me- moir of Queen Caroline Matilda, of Denmark; whose brief life was full of strange vicissitudes; and whose honour, and truth Sir Lascelles has ably vindicated. The three tales,—" The Doctor's Wife," by Miss Brad- don; Broken to Harness," by Edmuud Yates; and "Paid in Full," by Henry J. Byron,—are continued: and their are five other papers,—all good,—with one poetical effusion, which we quote. It is by Mortimer Collins. I MT THRUSH. All through the sultry hours of June, From morning blithe to golden noon, And till the star of evening climbs The gray-blue East, a world too soon, There sings a thrush amid the limes. God's poet, hid in foliage green, Sings endless songs, himself unseen Right seldom come his silent times. Linger, ye summer hours serene! Sing on, dear thrush, amid the limes! Nor from these confines wander out, Where with old gun bucolic lout Commits all day his murderous crimes Though cherries ripe are sweet, no doubt, Sweeter thy song amid the limes, May I not dream God sends thee there, Thou mellow angel of the air, Even to rebuke my earthlier rhymes With music's soul, all praise and prayer Is that thy lesson in the limes I Closer to God art thou than I His minstrel thou, whose brown wings fly Through silent ether's sunnier climes. Ah, never may thy music die I Sing on, dear thrush, amid the limes THE FISHERMAN'S MAGAZINB. -London; Chapman and Hall. This is a new publication, as the number before us, for the month of August, is the fifth one. The table of contents is a good and varied one, and many of the arti- cles are well-written, and are of great practical value to all lovers of the rod and line. All the writers seem to be veteran practitioners, and a mass of valuable infor- mation is given to Piscators, and in relation to rivers in England, Scotland, and Wales. Notes and Queries," and Fishing Gossip and Notes of the Month," are par- ticularly interesting. The Book of the Pike article is continued, the author of which is Mr H. Cholmonde- ley-Pennell, the Editor; and a paper is supplied by the Rev. M. R. Barnard, in which he raises the question- Will salmon and sea-trout attain to full growth in fresh water 1 From the writer's experience in Norway, he is inclined to believe that thty will, and particularly in ex- tensive pieces of water, where they can obtain plenty of fold, and he strongly urges his brother piscators to to make the experiment, The magazine is well-printed on first-class paper, and altogether, presents a respectable appearance. We cordially recommend it to all lovers of the gentle art." Williams's GUIDE TO LLANDUDNO. This is a re-print of a very valuable little book, pub- lished by Mr. Williams, Chemist, Church Walks, Llan- dudno, and who is the agent in Llandudno for the Original Directory," issued in connection with this pa- per. We have carefully examined its contents, and we must say that no visitor to Llandudno, and to the ad- jacent parts of Wales, should neglect having a copy in his carpet-bag; for it will supply him with every infor- mation he can possibly require, and which he will find considerable difficulty in obtaining in so clear and com- plete a form, in any other publication with which we are acquainted. It contains a well-written history of Llandudno, and of Conway and its celebrated castle, and also of Dyganwy Castle, on the Banks of the Conwy; descriptions of all the mansions, churches, antiquities, and all places of note and historical interest; the best and easiest way of making excursions to all the spots usually visited by tourists, in the Snowdonian range of mountains, with a short description of each place—what to see, and how to see it. Its title, in our opinion, is something of a misnomer; for although it is to all in- tents and purposes, A complete Guide to Llandudno," it is a great deal more, for it is equally a "Guide" to Conway, Llanrwst, Penmaenmawr, Llanberis, Capel Curig, &c.: and therefore, might justly have been en- titled A Complete Guide to the Tourists Visiting Llandudno and the most renowned spots in Snowdonia." The historical parts are written and compiled by the Rev. R. Parry, Congregational Minister, and breathe throughout a most patriotic feeling for the fame, honor, and glory of the Mother Land "—a feeling of the most absorbing kind with the great majority of the Cymry. In addition to matters ordinarily treated of in Guides, it contains interesting papers on scientific subjects pe- culiar to the locality, by eminent persons, namely, on the "Climate of Llandudno," by Dr. Nicholls, who in- sists that the town is eminently calculated for a salubri- ous winter residence; Geology, by the Rev: W. S. Sy- monds, F. G.S.; Botany, by Peter Inchbald, Esq,, Hud- dersfield; Seaweeds, by Mr. Sykes. Plas Qwynedd, ,wha has appended a list; Marine Zoology, by F. Drabble, Esq., Llandudno; Entomology, by C. S. Gregson, Esq., Liverpool, and R. Rimmer, Esq., Dumfries; Ornitholo- gy, by Peter Inchbald, Esq., Huddersfield; Concholo- gy, by Mrs. Sykes, Plas Gwynedd, and on Reptiles, by Mr. Inchbald, HuddersneM. We repeat that this Guide is complete of its kind, and no visitor should be without it. There are a num- ber of wood-cut illustrations of celebrated places but, barring; that they are tolerably good representations, they possess no particular merit. The Preface, too, is clumsily written, and is by far the worst piece of liter- ary composition to be found in the entire book. The ABBOW. No. I. London: J. C. Hotten, Pic- cadilly. Some" tricks of trades," or of the coterie connected with it, were played off to bring the first number of this periodical into notice. It was advertised as "The Ar- row," to appear once a fortnight; then as "The Arrow," a periodical which was to give utterance to entirely original views on politics, art, science, music, the drama, ¡\c.¡" and also to "CODtam a cartoon on the mOIIt fitting political event, besides other illustrations," On Wed- neiday, the 3rd inst., it was advertised as being pub- lished on Thursday it was reviewed in the Standard, and on that day and the next advertisement appeared in several papers, stating that The Arrow contained an original poem by A. Tennyson, Esq." On Saturday, the 6th, we met with Mother advertisement, informing the public that the poem alluded to was not an original poem by the poet laureate, but a parody on one oi his productions. These various announcements naturally excited some curiosity; and our London bookseller in- forms us that numerous inquiries were made of him, which made him to apply to his agents, but no one had seen the Arrow;" and to a direct application at Hot- ten's publishing house, the reply was, that it would not be published till Monday, the 8th inst. Some time that day it appeared-and for sixpence the purchaser re- ceived a small demy 4to of 8 pages, one of which was blank, and a second was filled with advertisements. If the five pages of letter-press (the 6th page is a cartoon) were of real metal-if genius and talent pervaded the few articles such a limited space could contain-why even in this cheap age, those who wish to encourage true and genuine merits would not object to expend sixpence, once a fortnight, on this new periodical. But as a li- terary work, it does not rise one degree above the penny Fun, or Comic Ntua; and dull as Punch is in his old age, he is still as sharp and pungent as the Arrow, which, we predict, will not live many weeks—unless it greatly improves. If noticed at all, we should have dismissed the 1I}.:c. row" with a very brief critique, but for the attempt made to excite an interest respecting it—an interest it does not deserve. We have noticed the prelimanary advertisements. These have been followed by a letter in the Standard of the 10th inst., stating that The Arrow" is merely the re-production of Tht Owl. a periodical which had only a few weeks existence; and the writer of this letter begs to draw attention to the parallel which exists between it and the famous Anti- Jacobin Review." That periodical, he truly informs his readers, was a weekly journal of poetry and prose, es- tablished by that admirable Crichton of litterateurs, Canning, to aid Mr. Pitt's ministry against their ad- versaries, by the weapons of satire. Gifford was the editor; the principal contributors, besides Canning him- self, were Lord Liverpool, Frere, George Ellis, and Whittaker; and the publisher was Wright, of Picea- dilly." This is true enough; and we may add that Palmerston also lent the Anti-Jacobin the aid of his pen, and keenly satirized the Whigs in more than one etia- sion. The utmost mystery was observed in the issue" of the Anti-Jacobin, says the correspondent; the contri. I butors leaving their papers on Wright's table, and an amanuensis copying them, in order "that the various handwritings might not be recognised at the printers. The "immoderate language" in which the contributors indulged at last, we are told, obliged Mr. Pitt to inter- fere, and the Anti-Jacobin, "after a short, but merry life of about 8 months, ceased to exist." This, the corres- pondent says, is a parallel case with that of 7he Owl, only from the ashes of the latter has risen, phoenix- like, The Arrow" Well, and the weekly Anti-Jacobin was succeeded by the monthly Anti-Jacobin Review, which, as a supporter of Tory principles, existed several years. This fact the correspondent overlooked. We have heard that the defunct Owl was the production of some of the War Office clerks; and it was'.intimated that it was suspended, because they were "gone on their summer excursions." This may be so; but as there is no parallel between clerks in the War Office, and men holding the position of Canning and Liverpool-or Pal- merston and Ellis—so there is not the most distantly conceivable parallel between the talent of the Anti- Jacobin and that of the defunct OUll, or its successor, "The Arrow." The Anti-Jacobin had also an object- the defence of the ministry; the Owl certainly evinced no decided purpose; and the Arrow" appears to have none. It satirizes the Whigs, but so it does the Tories; and its aim or object no one can tell. The editor tells us "it is not published for the purpose of supplying an obvious want.' It prefers setting up as a luxury, not as a necessity;" and to constitnte it the former it must be- come much more pungent than it is at present. In the five pages of letterpress which the first number contains, there is one clever contribution-the poem to which Banting's crusade against corpulence has given rise. That we quote- I "ON CORPULENCE. The town's in a panic, from peer to mechanic, Since Banting has issued his Tracts for the Times; That queer publication made such a sensation, That corpulence now seems the greatest of crimes. Folks fancy good-feeding a proof of ill-breeding, And stick to low diet through thick and through thin, Till they find their best coats, and trowsers, and waist- coats, Are perfectly 'done for,' if not 'taken in.' Each day it grows harder to find a good larder, And lean diners-out will, of course, suffer most; For those who are thinnish won't care to diminish What little they've got for the sake of the host. But the House of Correction will grant them protec- tion, Supposing society starves them out-ht; Where pickles and stealers, and all evil dealers, Are feasted like aldermen, morning and night. Sincerely we pity our friends in the city, And Mansion-house banquets act short in their prime, Where 'mid roses and myrtle, the love of mock-turtle, 'Now melts into sorrow, now maddens to crime.' If I were a sheriff I'd never be terrified Into adopting the Banting side tone; For I'd throw up my station in their corporation, Before they induced me to part with my own I "If you wish to grow thinner diminish your dinner, And take to light claret instead of pale ale; Look down with an utter contempt upon butter, And never taste bread till its toasted—or stale. You must sacrifice gaily, six hours or so daily To muscular exercise, out-door and in, While a very small number devoted to slumbei, Will make a man healthy, and wealthy, and thin I Take to mental exertion-fight shy of diversion— (Remember the proverb says- Laugh and grow fat); You may venture securely on Punch, becanse nurely There can't be much fear of your laughing at that. There's one thing remaining to finish your training, Suppose that your corpulence cling to you Oil], At night, after supper, read Martin F. Tupper-- If that should not answer, I don't see what will." We did not intend to write so much about The Ar- row" when we began and now we must, in justice, add a few words more. The contributor to Mr. Bright's paper, the Morning Star, who writes under the character of The Flaneur," alluding to this periodical, says- that" it is a very nice publication for those persons who revelled in the playful pungery of the ever-to-be-la- mented Satirist, or delighted in the pure humour of the defunct Town." Now dull and deficient in genius and talent, as the "Arrow" undoubtedly is, it contains none of the vices of the two periodicals named; and, there- fore, the disgraceful imputation should not be fixed upon it. BRITISH ARMY AND NAVY REVIEW. No. II. London: 9, Waterloo Place, Pall Mall. When we wrote our notices of the magazines last week, our publisher had omitted to send us the second No. of this periodical, which" e have now before us. It is scarcely equal to No I. The best articles are the 2nd chapter of Lee's second year of campaign in defence of Richmond," and Quits at the Finish." The other ar- ticles are useful, but they art excessively dull reading, and there are too many of them for one number. There is no subject referred to that does not demand attention, but we fear most readers will not like so much of utility forced upon them at once. They will require something more of amusement than they will find in the Review." If read only for utility-to ascertain what the position of the army and navy really is, and to learn how that position may be improved-then the "British Army and Navy Review" will exactly answer the purpose. The articles entitled Army prize," Our recruiting I system," "The Navy as it is," and "The English and French dock-yard systems," are all useful, and should be read by military and naval men. From that on the navy, we have great pleasure in copying the concluding paragraphs. The navy in its present state, if w,t what we would altogether desire, is, nevertheless, a most efficient arm. Among the 102 flag officers on the list, there are ad. mirals equal to any emergency-men of unquestionable nerve, experience, and undoubted ability. The same may be said of the captains, and of all other active officers; and it would be difficult tq find in any other profession, civil or military, at home 5r abroad, an equal number of individuals of superior ability. The officers are, as a rule, gentlemen by birth and education; in fact, it has been said, that the navy is the most aris- tocratic service under the Crown, tliere being more sons of members of the aristocracy in proportion to the num- ber than even in the army. Lata, wars have shewn, most conclusively, that for moral ind physical courage naval officers never stood higher. This fact has been displayed in India, where British officers and men, led by Peel and Lotheby, took part ii, every fray; in China —where, under Seymour and Hope, gallant deeds have been performed; in Japan-unie: Kuper, recently— where our squadron performed a feat of more thin or- dinary difficulty, and brought a powerful prince to his senses; and lastly, in New Zealand—where noble blood was spilt like water, to the deep regret of many; but all tending to shew that there need be no fear of degene- racy; and that whenever the opportunity presents itself, naval officers and nava! seamej will emulate the deeds of the heroes who have gonq before them. It would not be just to one of the moit meritorious corps under tih* crown, were we to diw%» this subject without special reference to the Royal Marines, forming a very important branch of the navy. Whatever honours are gained by the navy are invariably shared by these gal- lant sea-soldiers. Hand-in-hand go the red and blue jackets; and it is ever found that the marines fully sus- tain their historical character for loyalty, zeal, and steadiness. The Royal Marines number about 17,000; and a finer body, it is universally admitted, there is not serving the Queen." This is well-merited praise, both of sailors and ma- rines, in which we are certain our readers will readily concur. We have several other periodicals on the table, of which our notice must be very brief. GOOD WORDS, continues to be one of the best and cheapest works of its class. In the August number, Our First Week in New Zealand," and The Streets of Paris, are the most interesting articles, next to Mrs. Henry Wood's "Oswald Cray." The SUNDAY AT HOME and LEISURE Hourt maintain their character. Harlock Chase," in the latter, is a well told, most interesting story; and there is much good and agreeable reading in both periodicals. One of the best stories of the day, if not the best, "Lord Oakburn's Daughters," by Mrs. H. Wood, is publishing in ONCE A WEEK; and the" Adventures in the Wilds of the Connemara," are full of remarkable events. There are also several short tales in the monthly part; and a variety of articles on miscellaneous sub- jecta. The EVENTS OF THE MONTH is one of the most use- ful periodicals; as preserved on the book-shelf, it will remind you, in the future, of the events of the post The letters from" Upper Egypt;" "Rachel's Secret" Something about the Composers," The Gold Mines of British Columbia," and "Fitted for the Work, and best Fitted to tell of it," are papers which raise the cha- racter and increase the interest of this periodical. In the historical part of this magazine, the parliamentary debates are very carefully abridged; and will be a great help to a future historian, as the well compiled digest will save him the labour of time, which an inspection of the files of the Times, or the pages of Hansard, would demand. We have no room for extracts from these magazines, though all afford extracts well-suited for the columns of a newspaper. Books and Periodicals for Review to be sent to W. C. Stafford, Esq., No. 79, (late No. 4) York Road. Lam. beth, S., our London agent for the literary department of the Chronicle.
RURAL ECONOMY. I I NO. lo-SANITARY PRECAUTIONS. I When under this heading, we, on the 7th May, directed attention to the paramount importance of cleanliness in every part of our houses, habitations, and dwelling places, we little expected the necessities of our advice would be so generally made manifest. At Llan- dudno, as our columns weekly testify, there has been a regular sanitary war, which the "officer of health" has been unable stop. Penmaenmawr has had its peat holes partly pointed out, while Bangor, Carnarvon, Ruthin, Denbigh, Conway, Llanrwst, have had the short comings of their drainage, or water supply, or both, made fully manifest. Whether these simple announce- ments and grumblings will be sufficient for the season, or whether, as of old, when the rains restore our supply of water, and flush our drains, we shall sunk again into the usual apathetic indiference is not for us to deter- mine, but certain it is if we do not set our houses in order while there is yet time, we may very safely pre. pare to garner the usual harvest, aud see our now popular watering places sink into that comparative oblivion which always accompanies indiference and the neglect of nature's laws and requirements. It is not so many years since Bath was the most fashionable of fashion- able bathing places, and the most healthy town in England. But how is it now ? Let a death rate of 25 in each 1,000 within the last three months answer the question. Bath, however, is peculiarly situated, and if we say the larger portion of the sewerage of the town passed into the river which runs through the most popular part, we should not far exceed the truth. Now, it is quite possible that the sewerage of a town thinly populated may pass into a river without doing any ma- terial injury to the atmosphere, but when the popula- tion becomes quadrupled, or even increased to a larger extent, the propriety of sending such an accumulation of fetid matter to the river is another and a very different thing. Thus the Thames when we first knew it 30 years ago, was comparatively a clean stream, but since Hounalow has been joined to London by a chain of houses, each sending its sewerage to the Thames, and when in addi- tion we recollect the Same thing has happened on the Surrey side of the river, it is impossible for any think- ing person to look upon such an increase of population without knowing the cause of the stench and pollution which compelled the Houses of Parliament to sit with closed doors and windows, and the metropolitan board of works to throw hundreds of tons of lime into the river to deodorise the water and abate that stench which otherwise might have carried disease and death into the houses of thousands in the "Great I etropolis." Just the same thing must happen in the sea-board towns now so rapidly rising in the coast of Wales unless means for efficient drainage and water supply are in each case immediately provided. The drainage or sewage of a village may accumulate without appreciable injuiry to the inhabitants, so long as it is thinly populated, and the four winds can play freely through it, but let the resi- dences increase in number, and the filth accumulate and very soon diseases will increase also, thus the use and decay of many once fashionable watering places may be traced to the apathy and indifference of the residents. But a year or two back Eastbourne had the unenviable notoriety of hastening visitors and residents to that town from whence no traveller returns," —in fact, it was the pest hole of the southern coast, and all for the want of drainage. The Time8 leader of Saturday last in some remarks on the Registrar-General's report for the quarter just closed has put the drainage question in such a strong light that we are sure we cannot do a greater service to our marine readers than to give a few extracts from it. The remarks will be found not only worth studying but of acting upon. The returns of the Registrar-General appear appro- priately at the close of eastr quarter to balance our accounts with nature, as the Chancellor of the Exchequer balances our accounts with man. The rate of births, deaths, and marriages is as important an element in our well-being as the activity of commerce and the vitality of the income-tax. We have, therefore, wisely become as solicitous abont the one as about the other. It is wonderful, indeed, to reflect upon the extent to which the country now carries out the ancient maxim of know thyself.' The virtue of self-examination is prac- ticed by the public to an extent which in other matters would more than satisfy the most exacting divine; or, to take another illustration, we weigh, and measure and sound ourselves every quarter as anxiously as a disciple of Mr. Banting watches his gradual metamorphosis. The energy of the Registrar-General, moreover, prevents us from falling into a mere routine set of inquiries in the department he presides over. He examines us from different points of view, and often draws attention to some unexpected peculiarity. In the report before us, for example, he has taken occasion to construct a table of the mortality in the principal English watering-places, and to deduce some useful advice. The flocks of holy- day people, therefore, who are now migrating, like a yp e" p'! ;d,?, to the coast, may this year discover upon infallible authority which, on the whole, is the most healthy retreat that England can afford them. A more opportune piece of information could hardly have been furnished at this season. We venture, however, to pre- mise a caution that the public should not follow the example often set by too curious inquiries into their health, and vex themselves with anxious debates on the treatment they should adopt. So long as people go for a change of air and take a holyday, it does not much matter, except in extraordinary cases, whither they go; almost any place will refresh them, and there are, in. deed, many persons who scarcely get away from London at all who are just as healthy as those who have their two or three months' holyday in the year. The returns we are about to describe are valuable principally for the watering-places themselves, by reminding the more un- healthy among them of their failure and urging them to better management. The healthiest place, then, by far, of all the favour- ite holyday retreats in England is the Isle of Wight. The mortality during the last three months was only at the rate of 15 in the 1,000, the lowest rate at any other watering place being 16. This has, indeed, been a more than usually healthy quarter in the island, but on an average of ten years, from 1851-60, its death-rate was only 17, while that in every other watering place but one was 18, and when the rate in the majority of 26 se- lected places was 20 and more. Next to the delightful island in the scale of health for the last three months comes the district about Newton Abbot, including Daw- lish, Torquay, and East and West Teignmouth, in which the rate was K. But on an average of ten years the rate in this district rises to 18, and its place is taken by Eastbourne, which, indeed, on the average, appears as healthy as the Isle of Wight, the annual rate in both being 17 in the 1,000. As the disaster at Eastbourne last year has, we believe, been wisely turned to account by the inhabitants as an opportunity for reconstructing their whole drainage, they have every reason to antici- pate the continued honour and profit of being one of the healthiest spots in England. For the last three months, however, Eastbourne, with Cheltenham, cotnes third in the scale, with a rate of 17. Next, with a rate of 18, come the districts about Worthing, Lowestoft, and Hfiv combe. At the rate of 19 follow the districts of Kendal and Tenby. A rate of 20 prevails at Tunbridge and Tunbridge-wells, Dover, Brighton, Malvern, Buxton. It is, unfortunately, difficult to deduce any argument from this as to the justice of the strictures which in- duced the population of Tunbridge-wells the other day to break the windows of the obnoxious physician who maligned their town; for the returns we are considering relates to districts, not towns, and their accuracy, there- fore, for any particular spot within the district may be more or less uncertain. As the rate of 21 come Wey- mouth, Warwick and Leamington, and Aberystwith; at 22, Scarborough and Bangor; at 23, Tlianet, iueltid- ing Ramsgate and Margate, and Whitby; at 24, Haat- ings, Anglesey, and Clifton; the latter, however, in- cludes a part of Bristol city and workmen. Lastly, the high death-rate of 25 in the 1,000 prevailed during the last three months at Yarmouth and Bath. As we have already suggested, it would be erroneous to deduce from these curious figures an absolute con- clusion as to the comparative healthiness of these differ- ent neighbourhoods. The proper use to which the returns should be applied is to warn the places with a high rate of mortality to attend to their drainage and other sanitary arrangements. The Registrar-Genera, points out that this is a duty which watering places are frequently reluctant to discharge. They are, perhaps, inclined to rely on the advantages of their situation, and the rudest and most unscientific means of drainage are often resorted to. As the Registrar observes, it appears strangely unreasonable to pour into the sea aU the filthy sewage of a town like Hastings or Brighton, to be churned in the waves in which the visitors bathe. If we were not accustomed to it, it could not but be disgusting to see the sewage at low water pouring over the very sands over which, perhaps, we bathe at the next high water. Besides, those long dirty tubes which crawl over the sands as the tide goes down, like vast un- clean centipedes are an essentially nauseous spectacle, and when wind sets on the shore the sea-breeze is often anything but salubrious. The substances which are so oftensive on the beach would fertilize the disinfection chalk soils surrounding so many of our watering places; and we hope the day will soon come when we shall cease to pollute either the sea or the rivers with matter that was meant to fertilize the earth. The Registrar remarks that English watering places are on good sites, and have many advantages over those abroad, and he looks forward to the day when England will be the sanitarium of the Continent, as the Isle of Wight seems to be of England. Expense laid out in good drainage would b« sure to be repaid, and when the Registrar asks, 'Why is the mortality of Ramagate and Margate still 23 why is the mortality of Hastings and Clifton 24 ? the inhabi- tants of these towns ought to set about answering his question. When we examine more particularly the rate of mortality in different districts, we find that the south- eastern division, including the counties of Kent, Surrey, Hampshire, and Berkshire, maintains its character of being tae healthiest part of England, and its death-rate for the last quarter was even below its favourable average. The most unhealthy counties are Cheshire, Lancashire, and Yorkshire; but while the mortality in the two former counties is decreasing that of York- shire is rising, and that while the great prosperity of the county is unmistakeably proved by a vary high marriage and birth rate. The Registrar laments over the perversity of the greatest county of England, which, with no want of medical or engineering skill, and with still less want of enterprise and spirit, exposes its valleys to the inundation of ill-constructed reservoirs and its towns to the more deadly ravages of fevers. He notices, however, another remarkable instances where plentiful work, good wages, and cheap provisions coincide with the prevalence of destructive epidemics. This is nearly always the case in rapidly rising neighbourhoods, which attract a large population before there is any means of providing for their health and comfort. This evil is al- most unevitable at first, but Yorkshire ought to be able now to afford both the money and the time to supply the necessity. It is a disgrace to a population which claims to be the most acute and the thriftiest in Eng- land to be wasting, like spendthrifts, for want of ordi- nary care, the abundant resources supplied by their nu- merous marriages and births." How far we, in Wales, may take these remarks with profit to ourselves, it is not our object now to shew, but we should particularly recommend them to the study of the residents of our watering places, and at the same time advise them to see to the drainage of their I resnective towns while there is yet time. r RURICOLA. i August 10tb, 1864. RURICOLA.
THOUGHTS. I The Pftst I How like a dream appears the retord, of the paot. How lrall the items too olt bave proved round which our hopel are cMt Bound wh?h!? tendril of the heart In hypterhourt have twin'd When those we loved and trusted most-the faithful and the kind The Paat I What visions at those words tome thronging through the heart What m?or?ct the crM. and joy. In "Mch we bore a part: The sunny hours of childhood the happiness of home. Bow like an angel's wings of light, such memories to us come I Who hath not sighed. who hath not smiled almost unconsciously, Yet known no gladness in the smile, no misery lu the sigh. Rome dream of youth had paused away, and left a void behind, Whose seam would still remain to prove some wound had there been joined. Time is the power that only can tear from our eyes the veil That false friends wear when their own hearts from M they would conceal: Time on?proY??h? true heart'1 links can twine when we hare known lUt ti!e h? thorns amidst the jt~s we fondly deemed our own. The Present! all that we can claim would we redeem the put, Au atom in our thread of life still fleeting as the last; The breath we draw, the air we breathe, can scarce be called our own, 8UU mM?we weep in riper years the seeds In youth we're sown. he Future t How the spirit loves to dream of what may be, To raise in air the castle-walls whose charm is mystery Put I Prevent 1 Future wondrout three f our dreams of joy are given To Utt tho soul from earthly things and fix our hopes In Heaven. London, 8th August, 18M. JlllTA. I
ON LLANFAIRFECHAN. I The beauteous scenery around Enchants the stranger's eye. The loveliness of this little tale Attracts the passer by. The majestic mountains high above In tow'ring beauty stand. This scene so simple yet so sombre Seems touched by fairy's wand. The mighty Ocean rolling beneath Against its golden sand Comoletes the grandeur of thh Iweet scene To Willym's native land. ASritio or Em*.
U CYNHYRCHIOV BYR-FYFYR ARWEST FARDDOL LLYN GEIRlONYDD. EGLYNION I GOF GOLOFN TALIESIN. Hon ddengys hen lys le iesin,—bu n byw Ben Beirdd v Gorllewin Glenvdcl Geirionydd a'u rhin 11 wylusent ddawn Taliesin. Oedd frl2 cin cmteflgion pioagl dysg, Venigol dad beirddion Mae ï enw, aï o(llan rnwynioD. I fyw'n hwy na'r golofn hon. r. MAx, I 0. WILUVMS, WAUtfFAWR. Henffych i'r hen awenydd—o'r Wannfawr, Ni fu 'rioed ei eilvdd: A cha glod a eerch gwledydd, Drwy i ddawn yn mhen draw ei ddydd. T. MAX. I BKONFRAITH." Rhed bond-i Nimrod Beano—a'i glo(I gwir, Fel fjwladjfarawl (ivnirr>: Tr& jl Brrmfraith yn ard:hio Ei flwsig ar brenfrig bio I "IEINWEN MON." MM" Mdnwen Men" yn Uoni-a'l donian Trydanol bob cwmni; T A chp.(Iw wne:i benw hi-'n gof gyneg Y lwyegar seres pan lysg Eryri. I <,GWE^^DDOLEI^- "Qwenddolen" fun na ddyls- dy wyneb D'wynu man y delft; Fab ifanc fo h<?b Efa, Dyn&rofn—&rdamyr&
I LIVERPOOL ASSIZES. I AOOOTT 13TH. I (Before the LORD CHIEF JUSTICE and a special Jury.) I I REGINA V. JONES AND ANOTHER. I This was an indictment for a misdemeanour in a breach of the Foreign Enlistment Act (59 George III., cap. 69) against two gentlemen named Jones and Highat, carrying on business in partnership in Chapel-street, Liverpool, as ship store dealers, and moved into the Court of Queen's Bench. The Attorney-General of the County Palatine (Mr. James, Q.C.) and Mr. V. Lushington appeared for the Crown; Mr. Temple, Q.C., and Mr. Baylis were for the defendant Jones; and Mr. Brett, Q.C., and Mr. Mellish, Q.C., for the defendant Highat. The ATTORNEY-GENERAL, on rising, said that he had the honour to appear before the jury on the part of the Crown to conduct a prosecution against the defendants, under an Act of Parliament, passed in the year 1819, to enable Government to maintain a strict neutrality be- tween belligerent Powers. He need hardly tell them that the interests of this country require that we should hold ourselves faithfully and steadfastly apart from the quarrels and contests of others, and it behoved every one to take care that there should be no violation of her Majesty's proclamation published at the commencement of the American war against taking any part in the struggle, and to provide against difficulties which might involve this country in war. It is a matter of history that in 1863 a vessel was lying in the Clyde, owned by British owners, registered in the name of Mr. Bold, who was a partner of the two defendants, and named the Japan. She left the Clyde, and in the Channel fell in with a small steamer, which she took in tow, and on ar- riving off Brest the steamer disengaged herself and paddled away, and the Japan came to an anchor. At night the steamer returned and brought alongside war- like stores-guns, powder, and shot, and the night was spent in transferring these from the steamer to the Japan. The latter's name was then changed to the Georgia, she came under the command of Lieutenant Maury, and made a voyage as far as the Cape of Good Hope, acting as a vessel of war or privateer in the Con- federate service, and taking and sinking ships carrying tbe Federal flag. Not till two months after commencing this system of ravages was the legal ownership of the vessel changed, and Mr. Bold ceased to be the owner upon the register. He would undertake to say that there could not be a greater scandal upon this country than that such a proceeding should go unquestioned, and Government, therefore, felt called upon to vindicate its character and position faithfully, and called upon the jury as faithfully to discharge their duty in the matter. Mr. Jones and Mr. Highat being partners with Mr. Bold, proceeded to hire persons to serve on board this vessel. They resorted for the purpose to the Sailors' Home, as a likely place where they could be procured, and men met with there were told to go to the defen- dant's office. On going there they were engaged to serve in the Japan, and received instructions to be at the stage at a particular time, where they would be tak- en on board a ship bound for the Clyde. On assembling at the place they received checks with numbers from Highat, and were called on board by him by means of their numbers, and they were then conveyed to the Ja- pan. Then that took place with regard to the move- ments of that vessel which he had related. Jones was on board at the time that Lieutenant Maury, dressed in the Confederate uniform, took the command, and told the men the service they were intended for. Together they induced the men, with an offer of a £10 bounty, and pay-notes for their family were given them, made payable at the defendant's office in Liverpool, and they were there subsequently actually paid. It was there- fore puerile to say that the defendants were not cogni- zant of everything in connexion with the ship, and of her being in the Confederate service. Tn the autumn theoGeorgia returned to the coast of France, and the men came over here and resorted to the defendant's of- fice to inquire if they could be re-employed, and they received fresh instructions there in regard to doing so, and a fresh sum of money. The learned Attorney-Ge- neral then read the section of the Act of Parliament directed against enlisting, or attempting to enlist, men for a foreign belligerent service, and pointing out that the position of the present belligerent Powers was simi- lar to that on the occasion when the Act was passed— the revolt of the Spanish colonies,—and concluded by de. manding at the hands of the jury that assistance which the Government were entitled to expect. A seaman named Francis Glassbrook was then called, who proved that he had been in her Majesty's Naval Reserve, and signed articles for the Japan under the cir- cumstances narrated by the Attorney-General. He got a month's advance-note from a lad at the defendants' office, and receivod directions to muster at the Greenock boat. He there saw Highat, and received his number as related. There were 10 or 12 others besides himself. They were conveyed to the Japan. She was a screw steamer with two masts, brigrigged, round stem, and figure-head. He there found his kit, which had been left in Liverpool, at the defendant's office. Two nights were occupied in taking in the stores off Brest, and Jones was there the whole time, walking about and making himielf very "conspicuous," so that he took him for the I captain, but he could not specify more particularly any. thing which he said or did. He was standing by Cap. tain Maury when he announced that the vessel was going to sail under the Confederate flag, and invited all to join, offering 94 10s. a month, and a Xio bounty for three years of the war. About 25, including the witness. accepted, and a great many declined. Gla-isbrook signed fresh articles when Jones was present, and gave his £10 bounty to him to convey to his wife, Jones leaving in a small steamer. The Georgia then sailed for the Cape of Good Hope, and took and sank vessels. On his return in November he went to the defendant's office, but it appeared, on cross-examination, that he was immediately picked up by a detective named M'Guire, who took him to the American Consul, and his subsequent visits to the office were made at their request, he being bribed by 94 lois. a month, the same wages he received in the Georgia, to "walk about" and pick up information, which he said he found much pleasanter than smelling gun- powder in the vessel. Other men, who had been engaged for the same service, named Conolly, Stanley, and Matthews (whose cases were included in the indictment, each appro- priating about 17 counts to himself), gave very similar evidence. At the conclusion of the evidence for the Crown it was submitted on the part of the defendants that there was no case, as the offence must be proved to have been committed in her Majesty's dominions, whereas the evidence went to show an offence committed off Brest. The Chief Justice thought that even if the men when they left England had no intention to enlist to the Con- federate service, and were afterwards induced to do so, the defendants would come within the Act if they pro- cured them, to go in order to get them to enlist off Brest, but he allowed the defendants to raise the point in the event of their being convicted and brought up for judgment. Mr. Temple addressed the jury for the defendant Jones, and Mr. Brett for the defendant Highat, and forcibly contended, among other things, that the wit- nesses for the prosecution were not to be believed; and that the defendants, when the vessel left Greenock, might not have known the object for which she sailed, or that they intended only to deliver her over to the purchasers. The Attorney-General, in his reply, directed the atten- tion of the jury to tbt. eiycumatance of the vessel and the steamer which took out the defendant Jones on board being off Brest together, and other circumstances tending to fix the defendants with the unlawful intent, and powerfully appealed to the jury by their verdict to show that England would do her duty in punishing an infringement of the law, and not to be led away by any prejudice or leaning to the defendants, respectable mer- chants at Liverpool, if they were satisfied from the evi- dence of their guilty intention. The Chief Justice, in summing up, said that it was plain three persons had enlisted, and that after the arti- cles had been signed at Liverpool they received numbers and directions from the defendants and were put on board the Greenock steamer by Highat; that Jones met them there, and afterwards went out in the small steam- er to Brest which supplied the Georgia with warlike stores, and that she afterwards captured nine vessels. There was no doubt of the purpose of the Georgia, and that England was bound to observe a strict neutrality. It was suggested that the defendants had proceeded in- nocently. Possibly they might, but it would be for the jury to say, looking at all the circumstances, if they had. The witnesses were, no doubt, open to observa- tion, but that Mr. Bold was not called by the defendants, and they were bound to act on the evidence if it carried reasonable conviction. There were certain points of law, but not sufficient to stop the case, and if they thought thedefendants procured those person to go abroad for the purpose of being enlisted they would find the defendants guilty. The jury retired to consider their verdict, and in a quar- ter of an hour returned into court, finding a verdict of Guilty against both defendants as to the counts for ori- ginally inducing them to go to Brest and be engaged, but on those counts which charged the defendants with inducing the men to go back to Havre to resume their employment they found the defendant Highat Guilty and A equ itted Jones. The Chief Justice observed that if it should be held to be necessary to show an intent on the part of the persons enlisted when they left this country for Brest, the defendant Jones would be entitled to a general verdict of acquittal. On being brought up for judgement next term the 1_ points of law will be dismissed.
I BANGOR AND BEAUMARIS UNION. The ordinary fortnightly meeting of the Board of Guardians was held in the board-room, on Wednesday last, when, owing partly to a fair being held on that day at Llangefni, the following members only were present: —Mr G. Simpson, in the chair; Rev. T. J. Williams, Messrs. W. T. Rogers, Wm. Hughes, Rowland Parry, and John Jones, Beaumaris. The valuation lists.-A letter was read from Mr. Owen, the clerk to the Pwllheli Guardians, stating that the valuation lists in that union had not been completed, and also that he did not think they would be before next March. A letter was likewise read on the same subject, from the Conway Union, intimating that when the lists were approved, a copy of them would be for- warded to Bangor. Pauper removals.-The clerk read a circular transmit- ted to him from the Poor Law Board on the subject of pauper removals. A year or two ago the number of years a person must reside in a parish to render him irremoveable was reduced from 5 years to 3 years, but the period which any pauper may have resided in his ewn parish was not to be counted. During the past ses- sion of Parliament, this clause was amended, and it is enacted that in the computation of the time of residence that the period of his residing in his own pariah shall not be excluded. Empty houses and rating.-The following letter from the Poor Law Board, which was read, will explain itself. Poor Law Board, Whitehall, 9th August, 1864. Sir, I am directed, by the Poor Law Board, to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 26th ult., in which you enquire whether, in case of new property becoming occupied in a short time after a rate has been made, and a supplemental valuation list in reference to the same has been allowed, and the rate for such proper- ty, by itself, can be legally made. The board directs me to state that there is no legal authority for making a new rate in regard to any particular property, under the circumstances referred to. I am, &c., C. GILPIN, secretary. To John Thomas, Esq., clerk to the Bangor and Beaumaris Union. Blindness.-A tidily-dresaed middle-aged man from the parish of Llanddaniel Fab, Anglesey, was brought be- fore the guardians, and requested them to assist him in being sent to the Blind Asylum, in Liverpool, so that he may be there enabled to learn some trade to support himself afterwards. He intended, he said, either to learn matting or basket making. As the application was deemed a reasonable one, the board at once granted it, and the necessary orders were given to the clerk to have him admitted into the said asylum. jVuisanccs at Itienai Bridge.-The following letter was read from Dr. Thomas, Menai Bridge Westberry Mount. Sir,—I beg again to call the attention of the Board of Guardians to the nuisances of this place. This hot weather, the stench is most offensive; and as Captain Holt is absent, and not likely to return for another fornight, perhaps it would be desirable that another person should be appointed to inspect the place. Yours truly, RD. mTHOMAS. The Chairman remarked that Mr. Thomas did not specify what the particular nuisances were of which he complained; and if they did exist, it seemed a little strange that no one appeared to have discovered them but himself. The Rev. T. J. Williams observed it was very proba- ble the nuisances Mr. Thomas referred to were just before his own house, where there were a cow house and a large dung heap, and also a house of convenience which he believed belonged to no one in particular but to the public in general. He also believed that Mr. Thomas also complained of visitors and tourists who bathed in the Straits before the houses, but of course with thi. uuisance, the board had nothing whatever to do. He thought it very likely that the dung-heap wai a nuisance. Mr. Rogers said he of his own knowledge knew that the Menai Bridge town abounded in nuisances, for it was the worst drained town, he should think, in the country, and there was no main sewer at all. It cer- tainly did require to be attended to. After a little further conversation, it was decided that the town should be inspected by Mr. Lewis Edwards, the relieving-oiffcer, who was ordered to make a report to the board by their next meeting, the amount of pay' ment for the same to be decided upon then. This motion was made by Mr. Rogers, and seconded by Mr. R. Parry. Financial, &c.-Balanee in the treasurer's hand- 9702 0s. Id. Amount of cheques signed, X812 5s. 9d. Out-door relief, 205 lis. 9d.; irremoveable poor, iC204 16s. Od.; non-settled poor, 946 15s, Od. Number of paupers in receipt of relief at the last meeting, 2410 in the corresponding week of last year, 2580; of these, 405 were able-bodied, 1149, not able-bodied, and 856 children. Number of inmates in the Workhouse, 68; conreeponding week of tat 1.1 74. :1 i,() rC