MORNING.—[BT LAMAN BLAXCJIAUD.] I Wake from your misty nests—instinctive wake, Ye fine, and numberless, and sleeping things! The Infant Saviour of all blossomings From heaven's blue womb hath passed and for the sake Of Earth, and her green family, doth make In air redemption and soft gloryings. The world, as though inspired, erectly flings Its shadowy coronals away, to slake A holy thirst for light: and, one by one, The enamoured hills-with many a startled del:, Fountain and forest—blush before the Sun Voices-and wings are up, and waters swell Andflower,y, like clustered shepherds, hare begun To ope their fragrant mouths, and heavenly tidings tell.
COMFORT AND CURRIE. I I regret, Mr. Chairman, sincerely, To learn from the speeches to-day, Provisions are selling so dearly, And all things in such a bad way I infer from the looks of each member He thinks that throughout '46, And even this present December, We shall be in a regular fix.' I shall have, I assure you, much pleasure In giving the poor-my advice As well as in moderate measure Distributing sago and rice: But they must'nt be nice in their eating Just now with the wolf at the door; Red herrings, they tell me, are heating, And barley-meal cheaper than flour. There's hardly a thing in creation May not be converted to food— Where's the use of so much education If cooking be not understood— On the banks of the Dnieper and Dwina You dine on the rump of a horse, A dog is a dainty in China, And rats are top-dish second course.' Captain Back in the North-polar regions Boiled his breeches and hashed his best hat; And owls are as tender as pigeons, And snakes look like eels, when they're fat: I, therefore, for all this disquiet, At present discern not a cause, Provided the poor change their diet, And we do not change the Corn Laws. I should not, Sir, so long have intruded On the time of the meeting to-night, Had I not, Mr. Chairman, concluded You would like to have matters set right: But before I sit down, I will mention, For the general good, a rccipe, It is, I believe, my invention, And certainly simple and cheap. "Take as much currie-powder or cayenne As covers a sixpenny piece— This will save you the trouble of weighing, And don't mind its making you sneeze— Put this in a pint of hot water, And take it the last thing at night— Half as much for your wife or your daughter —N. B. Keep the currie corked tight. I take it, and so does the Duchess, Before we retire to rest, And lately she taken too much has And wakes with a pain in her chest: We find that it quickens digestion, And warms us from head to the toes, Neither flatulence breeds nor congestion, And though red, doesn't redden the nose. Then away with this fuming and fretting, Better times 'tis our duty to hope- By-the-bye, I was nearly forgetting Curried water makes capital soup— And away with this whining and worry, Times are not half so bad as you think; Thank God! there is plenty of Currie, And plenty of Water to drink. -Examiner.
ON SUPERSTITION. No. 2. I OF THINGS LUCKY AND UNLUCKY. I (Concltldedjiom our last.) I x 15. The Turqoise has been long imagined to change its colour, as the wearer is in good or bad health. To this superstition the old English writers have numerous allusions. Swan in his Speculatum Mundi observes Turcois is a compassionate stone, if the wearer of it be not well, it changeth colour, and looketh pale and dim but increaseth to its perfectness as the wearer recovereth to health." So also "Old Ben" in his tragedy of Sejauns. And true as turquoise in the dear Lord's ring, Looklcell or ill with him." and Cartwrig-ht- Or fa itliful turqoises, which heaven sent For a discovery not a punishment, To shew the ill, not make, and to tell, By their pale looks, the bearer was not well." 16. It was an ancient superstition, that all sudden consternations of mind and sudden pains of body, as cramps, palpitations of the heart, &c. were ominous and presages of evil. Fore God, my left leg 'gan to have the cramp, And I apprehended straight some power had struck me With a dead palsy 17. The Dede or Dead Candle is a preternatural light, like that of a candle, seen under night, by the supersti- tious, and viewed as the presage of the deaths of some one. It is said, in the North of England, to be some- times seen for a moment only, either within doors or in the open air: and, at other times to move slowly from the habitation of the person doomed to death to the churchyard where he is to be buried. 18. The Dead Drop is another Scottish superstition, it is applied to a drop of water falling intermittingly and heavily on a floor, and is viewed by the superstitious as a premonition of death. 19. Dead Knock is a loud stroke as of a switch on the door or bed, the cause of which is unknown it is supposed by the common people to announce the death of the person who hears it. 20. If a candle burns blue it is a sign of ghosts and of death, and is consequently an ingredient in most of the ghost stories. 21. The winding sheet, in Scotland the dede spale, is the part of the tallow of the candle, which, from not being melted, falls over the edge in a semicircular form, By the vulgar it is viewed as a prognostic, that the per- son to whom it is turned will soon die. 22. If, in eating, you miss the mouth, and the food falls, it is very unlucky and denotes approaching sickness. 33. It is supposed extremely unlucky to have a dead body on board a ship at sea. 24. Children are deemed lucky to a ship; their inno- cence being by the sailors supposed to be a protection. To have a clergyman on board is very unlucky, unless we presume he be a chaplain. 25. When a person goes out to transact any impor- tant business, it is lucky to have an old shoe thrown after him. 20. It is lucky to tumble up stairs—perhaps because it is unlucky to tumble doicn stairs. Such is an imperfect catalogue of the common super- stitious notions regarding "lucky and unlucky." We may perhaps on a future occasion, proceed to consider as connected with the same subject, SYMPATHY." Queen Street. MEDICuS.
THE SOUTH WALES ATIIENEUM.—We have been favoured with a copy of a new cheap periodical, bear- ing the above title, which has lately been started at Swansea. Although fearing that it will not succeed (and this not from want of originality in the articles, but from the fact that provincial publications seldom command sufficient circulation to enable them to be carried on successfully for any length of time) yet we have no hesitation in wishing the promoters success. We extract a portion of an article entitled RAILWAYS IX WALES. Whatever may be the effect produced upon the world at large, by the many schemes for chequering its surface with railways, there can be but little doubt entertained by those who know anything of their operation in other countries, and the peculiar characteristics of our own, that their introduction here will be of signal and almost unalloyed benefit. Railways may be considered only subordinate to other great promoters of civilization, from the fact that they serve alone to bring into intimate con- nection the inhabitants of the same nation or continent, while navigation, commerce; and other promoters of this one great end of our life, introduce to each other nations far remote, and differing in all those essentials which cause changes in colours, manners, customs, and religion. This, though necessarily but to a limited extent, takes place with every increase of facilities for locomotion in every land, but more especially so here, as it will open to many (and alas that it should be in these days so many) a t: rra incognita; for how many are there of our metropolitan and other friends, who are accustomed to view Welshmen as semi-barbarians, living upon tops of mountains with few companions but goats, and few higher employments than manufacturing flannels, and breeding sheep to supply Welsh mutton to the London markets which mutton, by the bye, often, to our own private knowledge, has never been 60 miles beyond Paddington. V> ales, more than any other country, must feel these benefits of increased communication, especially in the agricultural districts, where, owing to the want of a knowledge of the English language, and the few books published in the Welsh, literature is far behind other parts of the Principality. And although here our limits forbid us dwelling on the subject, the question suggests itself, should the Welsh language be continued or other- wise ? To those within whose bosom the love of nature and nature's beauties, as seen in the dashing spray of the waterfall, the brilliancy of the mountain sunshine, and the endless diversify of picturesque valleys, and wooded slopes, with mountains rendered, if from no other source, interesting from the legends, with which every spot abounds the introduction of these enterprizes in the Principality, will be the opening up oY a vast, and to them, untrodden path of pleasure."
A Poo it LiFE SAVED BY HOLLOWAY'S PILLS, •—Jeremiah Laughlin, a porter about the quays of Dublin, was afflicted for years with shortness of breath, spitting of phiegm, night perspirations, and general weakness of body, want of appetite, sick head-ache, besides suffering much from the liver. This man was in the second stage of consumption and not expected to live three months, when he commenced the use of Hoilotvay's wonderful Pills, and by their means a lone he is now as strong, as hale, and as well as erer he •(v^4 ill Iiis
ODD FELLOWSHIP. IMPORTANT AND INTERESTING CORRES- PONDENCE BETWEEN THE REV. IIENRY NEWLAND, OF WESTBOURXE, SUSSEX, AND THE REY. SIR ERASMUS WILLIAMS, BART., OF MARLBOROUGH. To the Hon. and Rev. Sir Erasmus Williams, Bart., "lIa rlboru ugh. DEAft SIR,-At a meeting held last week at the Palace (Chichester) consisting of the clergy, magistrates, and other influential laymen of the county, for the pur- pose of taking into consideration the necessity of establishing a diocesan benefit society, it was suggested by me, who am an Odd Fellow, that, as that Order had already established itself in the county, it would be more advisable to make it the basis of any intended association than to found an entirely new society. It has been suggested to me that I ought to obtain accurate information on the following points, and as I have heard that you have both written and spoke on the subject, I trust you will not think that I am taking too great a liberty if I request you to answer these two questions :—1st. Is there anything in the constitution of Odd fellowship which renders it incapable of being made the basis of a church society ? and 2nd. What points require alteration, and what is it advisable to alter in order to mould it into such a form ? If you will be good enough to answer these questions, you will not only furnish us with information very likely to be of great use to the diocese, but you will also be promoting the interests of the society of which we both are members, by giving me an opportunity of making known its principles, for you must be aware that what- ever prejudice there is against us arises wholly, or at least principally, from ignorance. The meeting has requested the bishop to appoint a committee, of which his lordship is to be chairman, to examine into the whole subject. We (for I am one of the members) meet next week, and I trust I shall have received your answer by that day, but if you cannot answer it by that time, still answer it, because I do not think an affair of so great importance can be settled at one meeting. Yours faithfully, HENRY NEWLASD. Westbourne Vicarage, Einsworth, Oct. 11th, 1845 To the Rev. Henry Newland, Westbourne Vicarage, DEAR SIR AND BROTHER,—1 otter a tnousanu apologies for my seeming neglect of your note of Oct. lIth, but I really have been so much absent, and so much engaged in business, that I could not get sufficient leisure time to attend to it. As to your first question, Is there anything in the constitution of Odd-fellowship which renders it incapable of being made the basis of a church society ?" I must answer in the affirmative. A church society implies exclttsiveliegs-tl,at its members are exclusively church- men,and consequently that there is some test. Now, Odd-fellowship, like all the ordinary friendly societies, has no test. It is true that a member of the latter is bound to attend the church once a year or pay a fine, but the members of the former always go to church on the occasion of their processions, when bigotry and its almost necessary adjunct, persecution (" ignorantly in unbelief" of the holy principles of Odd-fellowship), stand not in the door-way to prevent their entrance. It might, reasoning a priori, have been thought that servants of the Lord Jesus who came to seek and to save the lost sons of Adam—that ministers, claiming their high calling of preaching the gospel to every creature, of teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus— that God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing, would hardly have set at nought those who approached them, seeking and desiring the ministry of reconciliation at their hands. Sad experience, however certifies to the contrary in too many instances. If Odd Fellows are bad men, are they not the objects of the peculiar care of a minister of Christ r and if they are good men are they not of his peculiar love* But what is gained by denying them Christian instruction ? and what Christianity is there in calling them Deists and other opprobrious names ? The best mode, as it appears to me, of carrying into effect the object in view is, that the clergy should join the Lodges in their respective neighbourhoods, and recommend their neighbours to join them, for it is an Institution eminently blessed of God, and we rely on God's grace for future blessings. I look upon Odd-fellowship as an Institution second only to Christianity, partaking largely of it, and holding nothing contrary to it as a vehicle of the most exten- sive benefit to the country, and as an engine of great power for raising the industrious and labouring classes —yea, all classes of the community to morality and virtue. I confess that I feel myself a better man from my connection with Odd-fellowship, and indeed a good Odd Fellow CANNOT be a bad man. Our rules and laws emanate from the mother Lodge at Manchester, and bind every Odd Fellow, whether in England, America, Australia, Germany, France, Ireland, or wherever the members of Odd-fellowship set up her standard of benevolence. Odd-fellowship honours all men, loves the brotherhood, fears God, honours the sovereign, and charity is the point on which, with all her array of virtues, she turns; and with love for her pole star, Odd- fellowship cannot be far in error. Your second question, what points require alteration, and what is it advisable to alter in order to mould it into such a form?" is so entirely dependent on the first, on which I have so much enlarged already, that a few words will suffice. I cannot conceive that any alteration short of the destruction of the first principles of the one or the other Institution in question can produce an amalgamation of the two but the nearest approach would be that of the clergy joining the Order of Odd Fellows, and giving it that support which it justly claims from the authoritative guardians of public nionils Men's minds vary their countenances --and God made both, and they cannot be brought to the line and to the plummet. Odd-fellowship is a com- mon ground on which persons of discordant opinions on religion and politics can meet, and do meet, in harmony and peace—in Friendship, Love, and Truth; and may God move the hearts of the clergy and all other good men to promote the welfare of this truly benevolent, but persecuted Institution, that peace and happiness, truth and justice, religion and picty may flourish and abound in our land. I remain, Rev. Sir and Brother, IVith great respect, Yours fraternally, E. H. G. WILLIAMS. Marlborough, Nov. 11, 1845. The following extracts from an article in the London Pioneer, (a journal devoted to the interests of Benefit Societies of all descriptions) relative to the above cor- respondence, will be read with interest:— If any additional arguments could have been re- quired for the purpose of convincing the members of the Manchester Unity of the vast importance and intrinsic value of their society, thoy are now amply supplied with them, by the publication of the very important corres- pondence between two of our clerical brethren and which appears in this week's PIONEER. NVe have cha- racterised the correspondence as important, not on ac- count of the station in society which both gentlemen are well-known so honourably to fill; but because they are significant of more than meets the eye, an indication of the direction in which we should look for the next attack upon the Independence, well-being, and utility of the Institution. The remarkabe contrast exhibited in the modes of thought, feeling and character between the two writers, will forcibly occur to the mind of every reader, and Sir Erasmus Williams deserves the thanks of every member of the Order, (Br. Newland, included), for his straightforward exposition of its principles, and his manly defence of its independence. The correspondence however, is but a small portion of the revelation we have to offer upon this subject, we feel bound by our sense of duty to make the members of the Order fully aware of the secret influence at work, and this we have no doubt will effectually destroy the hopes of those who may be seeking to reap where they have not sown." To gather where they have not strewed." At the last meeting of the Board of Directors, a voluminous mass of correspondence was read by Mr. Radcliffe, as the production of the Rev. Mr. Newland, and in that he appears to have done with Sir Erasmus. He there details most circumstantially, the progress of Odd-fel- lowship in the far west," the battles, sieges, fortunes he has passed through for some eignteen months in pro- moting its advancement. The second chapter of the work might be fairly headed-" The betrothment," seeing that it details how Odd-fellowship all coy and reluctant and without consent, first, had and obtained was introduced to the Bishop, Magistrates, and other influential Laymen" in the Episcopal palace at Chi- chester, by nr. Newland, how the Bishop and Magistrates and Laymen aforesaid trotted Odd-fellowship out for their especial edification, how they objected to her low parentage and vulgar cognomen, and finally how they declined the connection un less the lady should be re- baptised, by spiritual Godfathers and Godmothers. Here, however, it appears Br. Newland felt some little feeling of awkwardness, he was prepared to stand spon- sor, and furnished with the name, but it just. at that moment struck him it would be necessary to obtain the consent of the Guardian of the Lady. Hence earne the correspondence with the Board of Directors, and the I third chapter contains a learned dissertation on Lingard's History of the Anglo-Saxons," a proposition to alter the name of the Society to that of The Holy Brothcr- hootl of Guild Fellows of Eliglaiid and a request for the Board of Directors to constitute Br. Newland mi- nister-plenipotentiary, and furnish him the necessary credentials for carrying out and completing this Holy alliance." To this modest request (seeing that the Rev. gentleman is an Odd Fellow of some two years standing, and, consequently, thoroughly acquainted with the work- ing of the Institution, and the views and feelings of the members) the Directors returned a polite refusal, con- signing the manuscript to a quiet grave, amid the dusty and mouldering archives of Aytoun-strect, and there we should have been contented to let them slumber—until the receipt of the correspondence convinced us of the absolute necessity of substituting" rcsurgam" for" re- quiescat in pace" for we have yet to learn what amount of benefit is likely to result to the Order for this Xew- land" system, this hawking Odd-fellowship up and down our streets, beyond that of depreciating its value in the eyes of every thinking member of the community. If the whole of the light Rev. bench were disposed to enter our ranks, to come amongst us from an appreciation of our objects and a desire to farther our efforts for honest Independence in fact from the same kindliness of feel- illg and frank sincerity of heart, which so pre-eminently characterises Sir Erasmus Williams, and many of his reverend brethren, right glad would we hail such 411 accession of strength, believing as we do, that a more thorough union between the different sections of the community is absolutely essential for the security and welfare of the whole. The minister of Chi-is?t&the fol- lower of the lowly carpenter's son, can never bWtout of place, be he bishop, parish priest, or curate; whilst mingling with the artisan, and assisting in promoting his moral elevation by the force of precept and example, ennobling labour by infusing into its sons the dignity of the soul, inevitably resulting from the free-interchange of thought with the refined and educated labourers in the moral vineyard. Our warm-hearted advocate at Marl- borough, is a case in point. It is not parsonage, but participation that we require, and unfortunately, too many of the higher classes shrink with horror from the latter, they arc not yet prepared for that equality of privilege and purpose which Odd-fellowship requires. We warn our brethren to watch narrowly, and profit by this attempt at filching from them their inheritance, and making it the property of a section of religionists. Let there be one spot on the earth's wide surface sacred from sectarian strife—one neutral ground on which at least the doctrine and the practice of Christianity shall be upon a par. And may many Williams's be found to cultivate and water the spot for the production of a plenteous harvest."
TREMENDOUS COLLIERY EXPLOSION.—UP- WARDS OF THIRTY LIVES LOST AT RISCA. On Thursday morning we received a letter from a gentleman residing in the neighbouring county of Mon- mouth, containing an account of the most disastrous colliery accident-an explosion of what is popularly termed Fire Damp," by which it is supposed that from thirty to thirty-five lives have been sacrificed. The letter is dated January 14th, Wednesday evening, and is to the following effect I had occasion to pass near Risca this morning, and on approaching the place, was perfectly astonished and alarmed by hearing on all sides the wailing of lamenta- tion. I enquired into the cause of this extraordinary conduct, and was informed that at about half-past seven this morning a most terrific explosion of fire-damp had taken place at the Messrs. Russell's colliery, and in the pit known as The Black Vein Pit." At the time the fearful event occurred, and in the heading in which the explosion took place, it is said that from thirty to thirty-five men and boys were at work, all of whom, most melancholy to relate, it is supposed must have perished. At the time I was there-oiie o'clock- fourteen bodies had been brought up by the-exertions of the men who escaped, and who worked nobly and 13 of those were not burnt, but suffocated by what the colliers designate" the choke damp," a current of foul air which invariably follows an explosion in coallVolks the fourteenth—a boy—had evidently been killed by being driven by the force of the resistless blast against a tram, or, as some say, by being driven to the bottom of the shaft at the moment the tram was descending, which fell upon him and killed him. At this time— one o'clock-the men could not proceed further with their humane search for their unfortunate fellow work- men iu consequence of the noxious vapours which prevailed in that level, and which rendered it dangerous for any one to approach it. However, constant means were used to force fresh air into the works, and at three o'clock they intended renewing their search. An old collier told me that those at work in the level where the explosion took place could not have escaped with their lives. He also added, that many more would have been at work there had not pay-day been on Monday, and consequently several of the colliers had not returned to wor k as they were en j oviii?-? work, as they were enjoying a few days' respite from toil-usual upon these occasions. At the time of explosion, about one hundred and fifty men were at work in the pits but only the number before stated were engaged in that portion of the works in which the explosion took place, and to which, provi- dentially, its fatal and irresistible effects were confined. The explosion was not attended by any loud noise or report, for the men working in the adjoining outside stall (strange to say) merely felt a strong current or concussion in the air, which, however, alarmed them, and caused inquiries to be instituted, which led to the discovery that an accident had just taken place. Being aware that by remaining where they were they would be exposing their lives to the most imminent peril, they ran to the bottom of the shaft or pit, and so escaped from the noxious vapours which soon spread in all directions. The first nine men who were brought up were disco- vered nearly together and it is presumed were making the best of their way out, and endeavouring to protect themselves from the effects of the destructive vapour, engendered by the explosion, as some of them had their hats before their mouths but alas poor fellows, the poisonous exhalation was too powerful, and they perished. Who can think of their unhappy fate with calmness— without having his thoughts instantly directed to the homes thus made desolate by this awful visitation. I fancy that even now, at a distance from the spot, I hear the sorrowful-the heart-rending lamentations of the widow—the mother—the child, all bewailing in piteous tones their sudden and melancholy bereavement. One affecting anecdote was stated to me by one who was an eye-witness of the fact which it refers to, and which is as follows :-A man in running out of the works passed a boy, but generously stopped—seized the trembling little fcllow'in his arnis-rusiiing along with him to the foot of the shaft, and when drawn up to the surface discovered that he had saved his son's life. What language can describe the father's feelings ?-to see a child restored to him, whom he thought had perished and to be conscions that he was the happy instrument of that child's preservation. The man pro- ceeded towards his residence with his son in his arms, and endeavouring to soothe the child's agitated feelings, which were so shocked by the immensity of the danger that the poor little fellow was deprived of his reason. The widows and mothers of those who were missing were present, watching, with the most fearful anxiety, every movement near the pit's mouth, and refusing to be comforted. I saw a man leaning in speechless agony over the bodies of his two sons. In short, no words that I can command suffice to describe the agonising state of the place—most distressing to me as an uninter- ested spectator. The whole district is much excited as such a calami- tous event has never occurred here before. The spi- rited proprietors of the colliery in working their col- lieries have invariably, I was assured, used every pre- caution to guard against occurrences of this nature: the melancholy event must have been the result of causes over which they had no control. The heading in which the explosion occurred is about six hundred yards from the mouth of the pit. This is all the information I can give you at present. Mr. Russell, upon hearing of the accident, went to the spot, and rendered all the assistance in his power." I ( From another Correspondent.) It is our painful duty to record that a fearful event of the above nature, took place about eight o'clock on Wednesday morning, by which it is stated that about 36 human beings have been killed. It appears that about forty persons had been at work in the Black Vein Pit, when an explosion of the choke- damp took place, the disastrous result of which has been the sacrifice of life, heart-sickening to contemplate but lamentable as this fatality has been, there is good cause of thankfulness to know that the catastrophe has not been far more extended for had it not been that a great number of the miners were keeping holi- day, there would have been at least a hundred men sub- jected to the destroying influence of the explosion, and the poisonous gas evolved afterwards. The scene at the pit's mouth, when the victims of this dreadful visi- tation were being brought up, cannot be exaggerated in human language. The whole neighbourhood is a wide scene of affliction and lamentation. It is said that the appalling event was caused by carelessness on the part of some of the poor fellows, who, having received their pay on Monday, had been making merry for a couple of days. Death is in almost every dwelling of the poor throughout the works, and the wailings of be- reaved parents and orphans are heart-rending. By accounts which reached our office late on Thurs- day night, we learn that thirty-six men and boys, and four horses were killed by the explosion.—-Cardiff Guardian. [FURTHER PARTICULARS.] Tins distressing and awful catastrophe occurred about eight o'clock on Wednesday morning, but a short time after the men had descended the pit to work. The col- liery, called the Black Vein Pit, is situated about three- quarters of a mile from Risca-bridge, on the Machen side, opposite Risca. On descending the shaft, which is 144 yards in depth, levels branch off in opposite directions, the one going under Machen mountain, and known as the Mountain Side," and the other running under the river which flows down the valley between the two lines of hills, and known as the River Side." In each level, fifty or sixty men were at work, and those on the river side were out of danger, as were also several who were between the bot- tom of the shaft, and the spot where the fearful explosion took place, on the mountain side. It appears that all those within the range of the scorching and withering bias t-til ii-ty-fi ve in number—were killed one was burned to such an extent, as almost to destroy the human lineaments and three or four others but slightly. The others were suffocated, except otie-a lad named John Crook, who was killed by a carriage deecending on him, while the poor fellow was gasping for existence at the bottom of the shaft. Three horses were killed- one burned to ashes. The doors of the stalls were blown down, and much injury done to the works. About eight o'clock, a noise as of an explosion was heard by the men on the side, and a dense sulphureous vapour ascending the shaft, soon disclosed that the destroying agent-the colliers' blighting curse-had been doing the work of death below. Soon after the operations were commenced for taking out the bodies, no pen can depict, no language exagge- rate, the appalling scene around the entrance of this ca- vern of honors and no one that has heard them can ever forget the wail of the widow, the soul-given groan of the bereaved father, and the scream of frightened child- hood, as it clung around his hopeless mother, whilst body after body, with diversified death tokens, Plurima mortis imago," was revealed to the view of their distracted kindred Eleven were found close together and it is supposed they must have run to the spot from some distant part of the level, but that having fallen down from suffocation, they died were they were found. The corpses were brought out, five and six at a time, and moved imme- j (liately from the fatal spot to the houses of their soirowing relations.
MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE. 1 Her Majesty, Prince Albert, and the Court left Windsor Castle for London on Tuesday afternoon. Her Majesty held a Privy Council on Wednesday, at Bucking- ham Palace, when the royal speech on the opening of Parliament was finally settled. Wc are exceedingly happy to learn that the dispute relative to the rates alleged to be due on account of the Flemish Farm occupied by Prince Albert has been settled in the most amicable manner. The church- wardens and overseers having admitted the illegality of the rate, his Royal Highness has offered to pay, as a voluntary contribution to the parish, a sum equal to the rate to which the land in question would be liable. The Prince of Wales, as Duke of Cornwall, has given £ 100 towards the erection of a new church at Clandown, Midsomer Norton, near Bath. Letters from Hanover represent the illness of the King as much worse. His Majesty is in a state of extreme weakness, but still attends closely to public business. The Marquis of Tweeddale has subscribed 20,000 rupees for the purpose of establishing a collegiate insti- tution, founded on Christian principles, in the presidency of Madras, of which his Lordship is Governor. It is reported in military circles that the colonelcy of the 4th (King's) Regiment, now at Madras, will be con- ferred on the Marquis of Tweeddale, commander of the army in that district of British India. His lordship is father of the Marchioness of Douro. It is expected that Mr. Gladstone, Secretary of State for the Colonies, will be a candidate for the representation of Ripon, vacant by the promotion of the Irish Attorney- General to the Mastership of the Rolls. We have the pleasure to state that Lord Morpeth has given his honoured name to a document prepared by the Peace Society, recommending addresses from merchants and other classes in this country to similar classes in the United States, in favour of perpetual amity, and the reference of all points of misunderstanding to the arbitra- tion of disinterested p,-irties.-Leeds Mercury. J. H. Campbell, Esq., M.P., for Salisbury, has kindly given to the Mayor of that city £100 to be distributed to the poor of the town. This gentleman, by the death of his mother, now takes the name and arms of" Wyndham," with the estates of his late uncle, Wadham Wyndham, Esq., who for many years represented that city. Lord Harry Vane is said to have purchased the Hamp- den estates, in Buckinghamshire, so that a descendant of the famous Sir Henry Vane is now possessor of the inheritance of the great John Hampden. The restoration of the Marq uis of Londonderry's splendid scat at Wynyard Park is rapidly approaching completion. A magnificent conservatory is now erecting 1""1 on a large scale, and when finished will be one of the most elegant structures of the kind in the kingdom. Dr. Daly, Lord Bishop of Cashel and Waterford, con- tradicts the statement of Colonel Jones, saying that he had presented a gift of ESO,000 to his nephew, the Hon. 1r. Daly, on his marriage with Miss A'Court, and announces the interesting fact that he does not always intend to remain a bachelor bishop." There are still signs of a disjointed state of things in the Government of Sir Robert Peel. Lord Canning has retired from the Under-Secretaryship of Foreign Affairs, and is succeeded by the Hon. Mr. Smythe, the Tory representative for Canterbury, and a distinguished mem- ber of the Young England" party. The election of a member of Parliament for the borough of Buckingham, in the room of the late Sir John Chetwode, Bart., is expected to take place on Tuesday next. It is said, by persons who profess to speak with authority, that at the next election the Duke of Buckingham intends to withdraw his support from Sir Thomas F. Fremantle, Bart., that he is to find a seat elsewhere, and that the Marquis of Chandos is to supply his place. The sudden death of Mr. Isaac Cohen, brother of Mrs. Rothschild, excited much regret in London on Tuesday. He is reported to have left a quarter of a million. It is said to have been his rule to distribute 2.5 per cent. of his annual expenditure in unostentatious charity and he often assisted unfortunate members of the Exchange who merited support. It is understood that the Bishop of Lichfield has con- sented to ordain such pious laymen as shall have laboured two years satisfactorily in the capacity of district visitor or scripture reader, under the direction of an incumbent of a parish. The Bishop of Winchester, it is said, has adopted a similar plan. J. Bailey, Esq., M.P., for Worcester, regaled two thousand poor families in that city with substantial food on Christmas-day. Miss Martineau has published a letter announcing her unshaken faith in Mesmerism, and her wonderful success in practising it on others. In the Sheriff's Court, Red Lion Square, one day last week, at the commencement, the jury were sworn four times, four causes tried, and four verdicts recorded, in 20 minutes. The waiters of the Reform Club have forgotten the use of half-pence. The change there given for sixpence, in payment of a glass of soda-water (price three-pence), is three queen's heads. Private letters from Athens announce the opening of the Legislative Chambers on the 22nd of December, without any extraordinary incident. Three-fourths of the deputies were present, and almost all the senators. I The speech from the throne, which was delivered by the King, was generally approved. Accounts have been received from Posen of the 5th inst., which make no mention of disturbances in that duchy, announced a few days before. The Government was, however, under some apprehension, and the garrisons of Bromberg and St. Thorn had been reinforced. The export duty on Bohemian, corn has been raised, with orders to continue so until the 1st of June. The restoration of Eton College Chapel, including the enlarging of the choir, the erection of Gothic stalls, and a new screen, &c., at a cost of from £10,000 to £ 12,000 is to be proceeded with immediately. Mr. Braham has at length retired from public life, and announced his intention to give lessons in singing. I The Athenaeum says, the first organ, of which we have any distinct account, belonged to Julian the Apostate. It is said that just at the moment before the fall of the viaduct of Barentin, M. Lorgery, flour merchant, of Pavilly, was about to cross one of the arches in his cabriolet, when the horse stopped short and refused to pass. M. Lorgery struck him with his whip, but all in vain—he refused to stir. At the same moment the fall took place. The water of the river was poisoned with the quantity of lime that fell in, and a great number of fish came to the surface dead. At a late public meeting in Lancaster, one of the speakers told an anecdote of an old woman who kept a small shop in the country, and sold bread and other articles, and was always guilty of cheating her cus- tomers, by giving them light weight, except when it thundered; then she became alarmed, and gave them full weight. The increase in the number of houses built in Liver- pool has been beyond all precedent during the last two years no less than 2,450 having been erected in 1844, and the still more extraordinary number of 3,731 in 1845, to say nothing of the hundreds built beyond the boundaries. Lieutenant Hodder, Government emigration agent, reports that 55,570 peisons emigrated from Liverpool during the past year. The Derry mail-coach, on the night of Thursday week, was overturned through four blind horses having been put to it. The driver was killed on the spot, and several passengers and the guard were severely injured. On Christmas-day, a hedge sparrow's nest, containing one egg, was discovered amongst some bushes at Cus- worth, Yorkshire. The number of fires in ladon in 1845 was 707. The use of diseased potatoes in Ireland by the des- titute poor is becoming, as was expected, a fruitful source of fever and and disease. A fearful increase in the number of fever patients has taken place in the hospital of Fermoy. The Staffordshire collieries are all again in full and active operation. The partial strikes have satisfactorily terminated, and the men, it is said, appear perfectly contented. The Gazette contains an order in Council, directing the port of Newcastle, in New South Wales, to be hence- forward a free warehousing port, and that all privileges which are by law attached to free warehousing ports in any of Her Majesty's possessions abroad shall attach to the said port. Also a declaration by Her Majesty in Council, that a treaty is now subsisting between Her Majesty and the Republic of Peru. On Saturday, at Covent Garden market, there was a good show of new potatoes and cucumbers, and amongst the flowers were camelias, roses, hydrangeas, azalias, pelargoniums, heartsease, and violets. It was decided bv the Court of Common Pleas on Thursday, that leaving a notice on Sunday of claim to be put on the Parliamentary registry in the legal way was good when the 20th of July fell on a Sunday. The young wheat plants, it is said, arc looking very promising, and there has seldom been a better prospect at Christmas for the ensuing harvest than this year. It is stated that briefs to the amount of £ 50,000 have already been handed to leading counsel in railway cases. The Irish board of education are about to build thirty- two model schools, for training teachers, in the several counties of Ireland. Mrs. Sigourney, the celebrated poetess, took the pre- mium at the late fair of the American Institute, for the best pair of domestic silk stockings. The iron-masters, at their quarterly meeting in Bir- mingham on Thursday, adhered to last quarter's prices, — £ 10 a ton for bar-iron, and other kinds in proportion. Shropshire pig-iron was advanced from £5 to £ 5 10s. The demand for railway consumption continues to exceed the means of supply.—At Glasgow, a rise in the price of iron has recently taken place. Large quantities have been sold at 80s. to 83s. 6d. We regret to learn by the Gazette du Midi that a decided case of plague has been discovered in the lazaretto of Marseilles. The intelligence from Ireland represents the state of the county of Limerick as most alarming two murders had been perpetrated under circumstances of the most fearful outrage; the cause in each instance being con- nected with the letting of land. The robbery of fire- arms, the posting of rockite notices, and attacks by armed parties are rife. Colonel Mansel, commanding the garrison at Limerick, had been obliged to send out a strong force to disperse the insurgents who had assem- bled armed, and in great numbers, on the lands of Kuocksentrv, near Castlecoiuiell.
AMENDMENT TO THE ADDRESS. I In a letter to the electors of Norfolk, Mr. E. Wode- house, one of the members for that county, says—11 I beg leave to make known to yon that it is my inten- tion to submit the consideration of the following pro- position, by way of amendment to the address, on the opening of Parliament, on the 22d instant, should cir- cumstances seem to require it, viz. To assure Her Majesty that, though we believe that the indications of an approaching scarcity have been grossly exaggerated, if not wholly without foundation, we do nevertheless acknowledge that the mitigation of anything like a real scarcity ougnt at all times, and under all circumstances, to be the paramount matter of interest, so as to weigh down every other consideration and therefore it is that we feel it to be our bounden duty to declare, that we will most cheerfully accede to the adoption of any mea- sures which the Executive Government may initiate, as measures either of precaution or relief, and as applica- ble either to Ireland, or to any other part of the empire, which shall not in any way compromise the broad prin- ciple of protection to the native soil, from the heart of which the great mass of the population have hitherto, under God's blessing, through strange vicissitudes, been abundantly supplied, and from the decay of which they may be hereafter thrown into wretchedness, want, and ruin.'
I THE ARMY. The following are the terms referred to in article 28, 34, and 43 of the Army Warrant, lately issued, by which soldiers arc now enabled to obtain free discharges Cavalry. Infantry £ £ Under 5 years'actual service 30 20 After 5 years' actual service, with one distinguishing niark 25 18 After 7 years' actual service, with one distinguishing 15 10 After 10 years' actual seniee, with) two distinguishing marks; or, f 10 5 After 12 years'actual service, with ( I) one distinguishing inai-k After 12years actual service, with two distinguishing marks or, f r After 14 years' service, with one ? ? ???' distinguishing mark After 14 years' service, with two Free, with the right distinguishing marks; or ( of registry for After 16 years' service, with one i deferred pension distinguishing mark of 4d. a day. After 15 years' actual service, with three ctistinguilihing marks ?r Free, with the ri?ht Afterl6years'actualservice,with of registry for 2 distiqguishing marks, having | deferred pension possessed the second at least of Gd. L-day. twelve months J
A CONSIDERATE LANDLORD.—A few days ago, a person who occupies a farm under the Marquis of Westminster, in a township near Chester, waited upon that nobleman to represent to him that he could not afford to pay the rent which he was charged. The Marquis appointed a valuer to go over the farm, and the result has been, not only an annual reduction of £ 80 on the rent, but the noble-minded landlord has also forgiven his tenant arrears to the amount of E300. DISTRESSING STATE OF TRADE IN NOTTINGHAM.— A movement of no ordinary character has been made by the framework knitters in Nottingham, and its neigh- bourhood, owing to an attempt, by the manufacturers of hosiery goods, to evade the provisions of the Ticket Act," which came into operation on the 1st of the pre- sent month. A very general suspension of work has taken place, and hundreds of men are constantly parading the streets in small groups soliciting charity. Upward s of one hundred applied on Tuesday last to the guardians of the union for relief, but received no aid, as their case was not yet well understood by the board. It seems the principal clause of the Act provides that manufac- turers shall deliver tickets with the material to be wrought into hosiery goods, setting forth the quantity, quality, fashion, and price for each description of work made, for the purpose of preventing imposition, but that there is a determination, if possible, to evade this con- dition. A public meeting was held on Monday, in the Market-place, attended by a very dense crowd, almost all out of work, at which violent speeches were delivered, and resolutions passed, pledging the workmen not to rest satisfied until the law be fully complied with by the manufacturers in the town and neighbourhood. A sub- scription was also agreed upon, to be raised amongst such workmen as shall be employed and a wish ex- pressed tfeat an interview with the manufacturers should take place, in order that a systematic weight and price may be established for the future. The toiyii miagis- trates, it appears, have deferred acting at present under the Act, but on Wednesday a summons was granted at the Shire-hall to a man named Gillott, against one of the principal firms of the town (Messrs. Hurst, Sons, and Ashwell), for not giving a ticket as prescribed by the Act, to a workman, named John Linthwaite, and the case will be heard on Wednesday next. MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT. NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE, THURSDAY.—A fatal and melancholy accident occurred last night, or early this morning, at Gateshead Fell, about two miles from this town, which terminated in the death of Mr. Clark, of the highly respectable and old- established firm of Messrs. Clark, Plummer, and Co., flax-dressers, of this town. It appears the deceased had been dining with Mr. Matthew Plummer, the Chairman of the Directors of the Newcastle and Carlisle Itailway Company, whose son, Robert Plummer, was the partner of Mr. Clark, and was returning home to his residence, Ellison-place, in this town, cn horseback, the residence of Mr. Plummer being at Sheriff-hill, about three miles south of Newcastle. While proceeding along the road, the horse was frightened by some persons throwing water at each other from a water-trough placed at the road side, suddenly became unmanageable, and started off at full speed, when Mr. Clark was unfortunately un- able to retain his seat, and came to the ground with great force, falling on the lower part of his back. He was taken up in an insensible state, and conveyed to the nearest house, when medical aid was sent for but, on the arrival of Sir John Fife, he pronounced the case hopeless. The unfortunate sufferer rallied a little, and became so far sensible as to give an account of the acci- dent, which was committed to writing. He soon, how- ever, sank again, and, after suffering much pain expired in the course of the morning. It appears his bladder had been burst by the fall, and one of the jiip bones broken. The deceased gentleman was nearly 70 years of age, but enjoyed good health, and had been of active bu- siness habits through life. He was very generally res- pected, and his melancholy death has cast a gloom over a wide circle of friends. DIABOLICAL ACT.—A most diabolical attempt to injure a highly respectable family residing in the city of Oxford was made on the night of Friday last, between the hours of ten and eleven o'clock, but was most providentially frustrated. It appears that the policeman on duty, on the above evening, observed at a distance something attached to the front sittitig-rooni window of Mr. Samuel Quartermainc, who resides in Alfred-street, High-street. He immediately went to the window- shutter and took it down, when he discovered that it was of a combustible nature. He then took it into the house, and to the horror and consternation of Mr. Quartermaine and family it proved to be a petard, con- containing three and a half ounces of gunpowder, bound very tightly round with paper forty folds thick, and covered with string which had the appearance of having been dipped in turpentine, the whole weighing eleven ounces and a half. It was attached to the shutter by an awl similar to those used by harness- makers and shoe-makers, having the mark of wax-thread round the handle and upon further investigation it was discovered that the fusee had been lighted and had partially burnt the shutter, but fortunately, owing to the materials being damp, it did not explode. If it had, the consequences must have been dreadful in the extreme, as Mr. Quartermaine had all his family and a friend at his house that evening, who were sitting in the front parlour. Himself and daughter were occcupy- ir»g seats close to the window, and had the explosion taken place, they could not have possibly escaped with their lives. A reward of £100 has been offered for the discovery of the miscreant, and we hope ere long that he will be brought to condign punishment. Mr. Quar- termaine is a highly respectable livery stable-keeper, and is well known in the sporting world. LYNcir LAW ON A LADY-THIEF.—A young lady, whose name, on account of her respectable connections, we forbear to hint at, lately calling upon a milliner in Edinburgh, and, having made some trifling purchase, was about to depart, when one of the assistants whis- pered to her mistress that she had observed the lady secrete a valuable lace collar. The milliner instantly charged her customer with theft. She denied it; and the milliner insisted on her being searched, when the missing article was discovered in her muff. Now, madam," said the milliner, you have been guilty of a most disgraceful act, and I am determined you shall not escape unpunished. I give vou the choice of two things—either I will have you given up to the police, or you must submit to receive a sound whipping." Aftermany vain attempts to modify the anger of the dressmaker, the fair thief at last, with no very good grace, consented to submit to the latter alternative. A servant having been despatched for a pair of taws, with which she quickly returned, and all obstacles having been removed, the milliner proceeded to administer the well-merited punishment, which she did with a heart and a will, in the presence' and much to the enter- tainment of the assembled workwomen, who in turn "took" the taws. All parties being tired with the exercise, the lady, whose complexion was considerably heightened, was permitted to withdraw, and stepping into a noddy in which she had come (the cushion of which,we dare say, she by no means found too soft), was driven home, having got a lesson which we hope she will not soon forget, and which, no doubt, will operate as a warning to those ladies who cannot dis- tinguish between meum and tuum. INVISIBLE WIITING.-Tlie plan of writing with rice water, to be rendered visible by the application of iodine, was practised with great success in the corres- pondence with Jellalabad. The first letter of this kind received from thence was concealed in a quill. On opening it a small paper was unfolded, on which appeared only a single word, iodine." The magic liquid was applied, and an interesting despatch from Sir Robert Sale stood forth. — United Service Magazine. MEXICAN SALUTE.—The Mexicans salute their new- born infants in this manner:—"Child, thou art come into the world to suffer; endure, and hold thy peace." AMERICAN NEWS.—There is an important arrival froni America. The i-ely from America. The regular mail-packet has brought advices from the United States to the 1st instant, which throw considerable light upon the question of the Oregon Dispute. They contain many indications of a desire, both in the House of representatives and in the Senate, to go even beyond the hostile course pointed out in the Presidential Alessige. Bills had been intro- duced directly, infringing upon the treaty stipulations and resolutions for carrying out such infringements were left under debate. Nay, niore-Alr. Douglass, of Illinois, from the committee on Territories, had ac- tually introduced a measure for the extension of the United States Government over Oregon, till the joint occupancy is terminated which it authorises the Prosi- dent to make. Still the opinion prevailed that, after all there would be no war, beyond one of words, and that confined within the walls of Congress. It was confi- dently believed at Washington that a ncgociation would be forthwith re-opened. It is stated in a letter from that city—Not only have Mr. Pakenham and Mr. Buchanan been frequently closeted together, but also Mr. Pakenham and Mr. Calhoun while, in relation to the bill introduced in the House by Mr. Douglas, it is known that Mr. Pakenham has expressed his opinion to the effect that it would be a virtual possession of Oregon, and an infraction of the existing treaty." On the other hand, however, there is evidently an active war faction in Congress, and the measure they have introduced, and the speeches they have made, all breathe the fiercest spirit of hostility against England. The annexation of Texas has been finally arranged, and that country is now one of the States of the Union. The quietness with which this has come to pass at last is certainly most remarkable.-A tlas. THE KEY TO THE IRISH PROMOTIONS.—It has long been notorious that the Irish Chief Justice was anxious to retire, thinking himself ill-used by the Ministry, which had not vouchsafed a word in his defence when his conduct as to the O'Connell trial was impugned. But Ministers were not disposed to gratify this wish. They knew that the Chief Justice was as fit for work (if ever he was fit) as when appointed, and they felt that he had not earned his pension. Chief Justice Pennefather, then, might have had to toil on the bench for some time to come, but for the lucky accident that Mr. Gladstone was in want of a seat. The Duke of Newcastle having kicked out the Colonial Secretary, what was to be done ? Why, forthwith the case justifying Chief Justice Penne- father's retirement and pension is made out. The Master of the Rolls is moved up to the Chief Justice- ship, and Mr. Smith, the Irish Attorney-General, is appointed to the Rolls. This arrangement makes a vacancy for Ripon, the nomination of the borough of vacanc y f,)r Ripon, l ie no. Lord de Grey, into which seat Mr. Gladstone will slip with his usual invocation of blessings. In these arrange- ments the interests of justice have not been in the slightest degree consulted or considered. The only end and object was so to order the judgeships as to open a seat for Mr. Gladstone and if the Chief Justice had been the wisest, the best, the most useful judge that ever sat on the bench, Ministers would without a scruple have consented that the public should prematurely lose his services, to contrive to vacate a seat in a rotten borough for Mr. Gladstone. Everybody knows how the little old woman who could not get over the style, eventually, by a long chain of causation, got home that night; and it is by these Irish promotions that our little old woman finds her way to Ripon.— Examiner. THE SECRETS OF THE "TIMES."—The London cor- respondent of the Dundee Warder gives the following gossip concerning the journal :"—" Its long acknowledged superiority depends upon its leading writers being men not only of commanding talent but of mature years, profound sagacity, and extensive infor- mation. I mentioned some time since, that Stirling, after a brief and surprising burst of youthful vigour, was finally shelved. Barnes, too, has left the stage. Alsager, the city editor, and old Oxenford, the city correspondent, have retired, and their places have been filled by young men of brilliant parts, without solid in- formation, extensive experience, or deep sagacity. The commercial correspondent of the Times who has lately been astonishing the world by his freaks, is the same individual, I am assured, who pens their theatrical no- tices. A better critic there is not in London but the drama and the Stock Exchange are two subjects, wide as the poles asunder." Young Walter is generally understood to contribute the disquisitions on the poor- laws Disraeli supplies the sparkling articles on the general policy of the government, and on its individual members Thackeray, a member of the Reform-club, j and one of Punch's cleverest writers and caricaturists, is also a frequent contributor and the brilliant, but foun- dationless, article on the sinking of the American steam- frigate Missouri, was written by a Mr. Taylor. Delane is the general editor." THE DEFliNCT RAILWAY SCHEMES.—In the Times of the 17th of November, 1845, was inserted a list of rail way companies provisionally registered, 1,263 in number (exclusive of old lines) and the following list of such Welsh companies who failed to deposit their plans on the 31st of December, 1845, and are, there- fore, not prepared to proceed in the present session, appeared in the Times of Wednesday last Abergavenny and Monmouth. Birmingham, Merthyr Tydvil, and Aberystwyth. Birmingham, Newton, and Aberystwyth. Bristol and South Wales. Cameron's Steam Coal, and Swansea & Loughor. Chester and "Wrexham. Direct Brecon, Abergavenny, and Monmouth. Direct London and Milford Haven. Great Gwendraeth Vale and Welsh Junction. Great Welsh Central. Greal Welsh Junction. Hereford and Merthyr Tydvil. Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, South Wtles, and Worcester. Hereford and Trcgaron. Hull, Birmingham, and Swansea. Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol, and South Wales. Liverpool, North Wales, and Dublin. Llanellv Railway Dock. Manchester and Birkenhcad Continuation, & Mold, Ilhuabon, and North Wales. Manchester and Milford Haven. Merthyr and Swansea. Merthyr Tydvil and Hereford. Monmouthshire (Newport to Nantyglo.) Monmouth and Welsh Midland Junction. Montgomeryshire and Shrewsbury Junction. Newport, Builth, Aberystwyth, and Gloucester Junction. Newport and Merthyr Tydvil. North and South Wales Union. Oswestry and Bangor. Pontypool and Blaenavon. Pontypool and Port-Llanxfraith. Rhondda Vale and Neath and Taff Vales Junction. St. David's and London direct. Saundersfoot Railway and Harbour. Sheffield, Shrewsbury and South Wales. Shrewsbury, Herefordshire, and North Wales. Swansea, Neath, and Merthyr. Welsh South Midland. Worcester and Merthyr Tydvil. Non-deposited plans on the 31st of December, 879 Remaining from the list of the 17th of Nov., (for which plans were deposited o84 Total 1,263 Lines and branches in connexion with old or existing lines not in list of the 17th of Nov. 201 New lines, not in list of the 17th of November. 138 Total deposited 31st Dec. 1845, 719.
WEEKLY CALENDAR. I [ THE MOON'S CnA.XGM.-New Moon, on the 27th of January, at 9h. 23m. morn. The Moon rises, Jan. 24.- 4h. 53m. P.M. I Jan.. 7h. 19m. A.?. 25— 5h 5hn ft 29' J8Jh-' 22m- 26.- 6h. 39iii. 29. ￼ 26- 6h. 39m. ￼ j__ The Sun rises. I Clock before Sun. ￼ The San sets. Jan. 24. 7h. 52m 12m. 21 sec. 4h. 33m. 28. 7h. 4 in. 15 -see. 411, 40m. Jan. 2-5.-Conversion of St. Paul. Jan. 26.—Length of day, 8h. 4om. day's increase from the shortest day, 111. lin. day breaks, oh. 5lm. twilight ends, 6h. 35m. Jan. 30.—King Charles 1. Martyr. HIGH WATER AT THE FOLLOWING PLACES, I FOR TILL-: KNSLI^CR WEEK. I Llanelly Cardigan Tenby DAYS. I Car mar- and and Aberyst- tlieii Bar. Bristol. Milford wyth. JAN I H. M H. M. H. M. H. M. Saturday. 24| 2 3 3 48 2 48 4 18 Sitn(I,Ly 51 2 51 4 36 3 36 5 6 Monday ;1 3 39 5 21 4 24 5 54 Tuesday. 27i 4 27 6 12 5 12 6 42 Wednesday. 28, 5 ? 7 0 6 0 7 30 Thursday. 291 6 3 7 48 6 48 8 18 Friday .M 6 51 8 3S! 7 08 9 6
LONDON GAZETTE. I IBA!ŒRurTs.-(FrÙlay, .Jan. 16.)-T. L. Evill and T. Dowla s Vigo-street, cloth manufacturers.—I. Denning, Titchbourne-street, Westminster, watchmaker.—T. W. Hooper, Bathurst-street, Hyde-park gardens.—Alfred Bunnctt, Brid?c-housc-placc, Ncwin?ton-causewav, win- dow blind maker.—T. Caswell and T. Tindall, Northamp- ton, leather sellers.—F. ICerr, I -street, Marylebone, booksellcr.—W. Orchard, Portsea, buHd?r.—K. Stafford, Warnford-court, City, share-agent.—AV. Buckley, Hol. lingrove, Yorkshire, woollen cloth manufacturer.—W. Lawrence, Sheffield, stove ni an UfiL(t tire i,T *Clay, Long- roybridge, Berkshire, merchant.—Thomas Brown, Leeds, grocei-T. Williams, Bell Inn, Bristol, licensed victual- ler.—W. Maud, Liverpool, licensed victualler.—Peter Owen, Liverpool, miller. R. E. W alker, Liverpool, ship- broker.—J. Alldritt, Ilugeley, Staffordshire, ropemaker. BANKRUPTS.—(Tuesday, Jan. 20.)—W. Ward, auc- tioneer, Manchester.—T. P. Ilawley, chccsemongPr,- V,r. Baldwin, victualler, Notting-hill, Middlesex.—Sir John Ross, Knight, banker, York-road, Lambeth.—John H. Banks, copper-plate printer, Great Newport-street, Mid- dlcsex.-F. Glass, woollen factor, Basinghall-street, Lon- don. T. Dean, victualler, Chenies-street, Tottenham- court-road.- V. S. U. Lenormand, milliner, London.— J. Ricketts, grocer, Gosport.—Henry Fricker, innkeeper, SOllthamptoll.-C. Blackmore, tailor, Cork-street.—D. Marks, pen manufacturer, Ilounsditch.—William Griffin, jewcllet and silversmith, Cornhill.-J. Jarvis and James l tiicliester.- J Ita( I I)oiie, Rowley, silk manufacturers, Manchester.—J. liadbone, broker, Alcester, NVitrNvicksliire.-Iticlia r. d Paris, inn- keeper, Ragland, Monmouthshire.—J. Denbigh, wool- merchant, Bradford.—J. B. Gillett, dyer, Bradford.—R. Agars, draper, Kiiigstoii-iipoii-Ilull.-It. Kilpatriek and J. Smith, rope-manufacturers, Liverpool.—Dan. Wynne, innkeeper, Colwvn, Carnarvonshire.
AGRICULTUIli;, MARKETS, ,r. I (From the Mark Lane Express" of Monday- Though the natural effect of the uncertainty ?spc' the Corn Laws must have been to create great uneas,l-nesj among all classes of agriculturists, it is a singular -?t that supplies from the growers have for some week^» V^ been on a very moderate scale. At all the P'?cipa'P?o- vincial markets held during the week, the utmost uii,?fickiltv has been experienced in ctfecting sales of ???*? though, as before observed, the supplies brought '"? .? have not been by any means large, the tendo?'v ?j? have not been bv aiiy ii-ie,,ins lai-e has been decidedly downwards. The arrivals "? N"lleat coastwise into London have been small, only 1^ having been reported up to this (Saturday) evening ? Friday there was some slight addition to the (ji'anH?? Wheat on the Essex stands, and the inquiry beln 1 te as languid as earlier in the week, the turn was rat, erill w favour of buyers. The transactions in free Foreign' have been on a strictly retail scale no variation J however, taken place in the value of the article "lnre Monday holders having, on the whole, displayed llore firmness than might, under all circumstances, have '?? expected. The demand for Flour has, throughout the week, been excessively slow hitherto, however, th eto? quotation for town-manufactured has remained at 56s' per sack. Ship Flour has not supported its P''?"? value, some pressed sales having been made on Frida? at about Is. per sack below former terms. The arrl. \j5 of Barley, though not particularly large, have P10!j(J amply sureient to satisfy the immediate wants °f maltsters and distillers, and no one has shown any ￼ nation to take more than necessary for present purpo?. we are unable, therefore, to report the slightest imp?. ment either in the demand for or the value of this i!r?l", Malt has also been difficult of sale but the real scarC!.J of superior qualities has caused the finer sorts to co'MDTI130 relatively high rates. The market has been moder?' supplied with Oats, of home growth. S. S s. ii Wheat, En"?l., red 50 to 58 Oats, English feed 22 -t White 55 66 Potatoe 27 New, red -.)7 ouhQlImack. 20 -? Do white. 55 — 63 Scotch feed 23- Barley, Malting 32 33 Irish Galway. 2' -? Chevalier. 34—35 Dublin. 22—.j Grinding 24 26 Londonderry 22 —? Irish..?. 27 -'28 Waterford white 22-, Scotch 26—27 CIonmel. 22-? Beans, Tick new.. 31 — 33 SEED, Rape 27^- Harrow 33 — 37 Irish 22 £ 26/. per Peas, Boiling 41 — 42 Linseed, Baltic. 40 44 White 41 — 42 Odessa. 45 Blue 49 — 59 Mustard, white 10 —^ Maple 33 — 35 Brown.. per bulb' Malt, Brown. 47 50 Flour, Town-made I Chevalier 58 — 60 and best country ,« Kin?ston & Ware. 53—58 marks M Ja SutMk& Norfolk 52-53 Stockton 37 —f, !lye, new 31 — 33 Norf. & Sutl',)Ik..I Indian Corn 31 — 32 Irish 44- GENERAL AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN. Week ending Jan. 16.—Imperial—General WeekW Average,—Wheat, 56s. 3d; Barley, 31s. lOd Oat-215, 9d Rye, 33s. lid Beans, 36s. Sd Peas. 38s. lid. Aggregate Average of six weeks which governs Dllt1: —Wheat, 57s. 2d.; Barley, 32s. 5d. Oats, 23s. 3d., Rye, 34s. 4d.; Beans, 39s. 1d.; Peas, 41s. 2d. Duty on Foreign Corn.—Wheat, 15s. Od; Barley, 6s. Od; Oats, 5s. Od; Rye, 8s. 6d; Beans, 3s. 6d; peal, Is. 6d. LONDON AVERAGES. ? £ s. d. £ s. ￼ Wheat. 4,628 qrs.3 3 4 Rye. 5 qrs'IIS W h eat. 4,62S qrs.3 1 12 3 19 0 I Pets 96022 Barle'y.6,399 11210 Beans.. 911117 Oats .19,OO 1 3 9 Peas.. 960 2 4: PRICE OF BREAD. ,The prices of wheaten Bread in the metropolis <irS from 9d. to of household ditto, 7d. to Sid. per loaf. SMITHFIELD MARKET. During the past week the imports of live stock In? London have been on a very extensive scale, viz., 2". Oxen and Cows, and 300 Sheep, from Rotted,,m 10' Cows, 8 Oxen, and 1.50 Sheep, from Hariin?en and 49 Cows, 20 Oxen, and 370 Sheep, from Schiedam, in, gene- rally speaking, excellent condition; indeed, man y of the Cows have come to hand in ifrst-rlte order. To-day had on sale 360 foreign Beasts, and 420 foreign sheep, which attracted more than usual attention from the butchers, who purchased the whole on offer at priccS varying from JE16 10s. to JE23 10s. per head for the beasts, and 34s. to 44s. per head for the Sheep. We are informed that the foreign Beasts continue to carry large quantity of internal fat. At Hull, 40 Beasts, J Sheep, and 37 Pigs, have been received from Holland, nearly the whole of which have been forwarded into the manufacturing districts. The supply of Beasts, to-da)'* being comparatively small, and the attendance of btlyrs large, the Beef trade ruled steady, at, in some few stances, a trifling advance in the quotations. With SheeP we arc scantIly supplied for the time of year while Mutton trade was firm, at fully, but at nothing quotable beyond our last quotations. The number of Calves was small; while the Veal trade ruled steady, at late ratcs: Prime small Pigs moved off freely, at extreme figures, otherwise, the Pork trade was inactive. A STATEMENT & COMPARISON of the SUPPLIrg and PRICES of FAT STOCK, exhibited and sold ill SMITHFIELD CATTLE MARKET, on Monday, Jan. 1845, and Monday, Jan. 19, 1846. Per Slbs. to sink the offal. Jan. 20,1845. Jan. 19, lS^- s. d. s. d. s. d. s, dÓ Coarse & inferior Beasts. 2 8 to 3 0..2 to 210 Secondqualitydo. 3 2 3 6.. 3 2 3 Prime large Oxen 3 8 3103840 Prime Scots, &c. 40 42424 Coarse 8: inferior Sheep.. 2 10 323640 Second quaHtv do. 3 4 3 8 4 2 4 6 Prime coarse woolled do.. 3 10 4 08410 Prime S?uthdowndo.4 2 4 4.J 0 ?? Large coarse CaIN-cs. 38 424450 Prime small do 444 8..52 O± Large Hogs. 3 6 4231046 Neat small Porkers 444 6..48 o-1 BUTTER, BACON, CHEESE, AND HAMS. IrishButter,new cwt.s s. Cheese, perewt. s. ￼ Carlow, 93 — Double Gloucester.. 62 68 Slino. 92 — Single ditto 48 Banbridgc — — Cheshire 56 Cork, 1st. 98 — Derby -56 Waterford 94 American. 43 English Butter, Foreign ditto. 46 Dorset, p( r firkm.)4 Bacon, new 48 Foreign Butter, cwt Middle. — TT Prime .Fl'ieslaml. O 108 Hams, Irish 56 Do. Kiel 112 — Westmoreland 66- Fresh Butter, 16s per doz. York 66 70 PRICE OF TALLOW, &c. 1812. 1843. 1814. 1845. 1846. Stock this dav 3ô,9:n..29,91,l, .:n,!)74..35,982..25,376 Stock this day 36,99' Price of Y.C.. 48s.0d..47s. Od. ,41s.0d..39s.6d..43s.0d- to to f1 to to to :d. —s.Od..—s."d..41s.3d..40s.0d..4 °s.™- Deliver.lastweek 2,48 2,688.. 1,679.. 2,412.. 1,76,17 Do.from 1st June72,8X0..64,618..59,8 VI..58,107..64,9o7 Arriv. last week 739.. 944.. 1,.571.. 469.. 10cg D f 1 J "1 ,) ')8) j'}9 On) "J Do.from 1st June91,652..75,282..74,429..7-5,092..74,53 Price of Town. 51s.6d-50s.0à-44s.6d-44s. d—45s.6<^ METALS. £ s. d. £ s. d. IRON—bar Wales per ton 0 0 0 to 9 0 0 London 9 15 0 to 10 0 0 Nailrods. 0 0 0 to 10 10 0 Hoops (Staf.). 0 0 0 to 11 10 0 0 0 0 to 12 10 0 Sheets 0 0 Oto11 0 0 Bars. 0 0 0 to 11 0 0 Welsh cold-blast foundry pig 0 0 0 to 5100 Scotch pi, Clyde. 4 0 Oto 4 0 0 Russian, c, CND 0 0 0 to 15 10 0 PSI 0 0 0 to 16 0 0 Gourieff 0 0 0 to 14 10 0 Archangel 0 0 0 to 13 12 6 Swedish, on the spot 0 0 0 to 11 10 0 Steel, fat 0 0 0 to 16 10 0 kcs:s. 15 0 0 to 15 5 0 CoprEr.Tile. 00 Ot092 0 0 0 0 Ot091 0 0 Bestsclected. 0 0 0 to 96 0 0 Ordinary Sheets .lb. 0 0 0 to 0 0 1 j bottoms 0 0 OtoO 0 TIx-Com bloels ewt 0 0 0 to 5 3 0 bars 9 0 0 to 5 4 Refined. 00 Oto;) 7 6 Straits. 9 0 0 to 4 8 g Banca 0 0 Oto 410 TIN PLATES-Ch., IC.box 1 13 0 to 1 14 0 "IX 1 19 Oto 2 0 0 Coke, TC. 1 8 6 to 1 9 0 IX 114 6 to 1 15 0 LrAD-Sbeet ton 0 0 0 to 20 0 0 Pig renned. 000 to 21 0 0 COnIlnOTI 00 Oto19 00 Spanish, in bd. 0 0 0 to 18 0 0 American 0 0 0 to 171 0 SPELTEK.—(Cake) 20 0 Oto20 5 0 0 0 0 to 30 0 0 Qx:TCKSTT.VF.it lb 0 0 0 to 0 4 6 REFINED MET.YT ton 0 0 0 to 726
ADVERTISEMENTS AND ORDERS RECEIVED BY THE FOLLOWING AGENTS LONDON": Mr. Barker, 33, Fleet-street,; Messrs Nevf' ton 8: Co., Warwick-square Mr. G. Reynell, 42, Chan- cery-lane; Mr. Deacon, 3. Walbrook, near the Mansion Hous~: Mr. Hammond, 27, Lombard-street: W. Daw- son and Son, 74, Cannon-street; Mr. C Mitchell, Red Lion Court, Fleet-street: Messrs. Lewis and Lowe, 3, Castle-Court, Cornhill, London. AnEitvsT\vyTIi .Mr. Jenkins, Pri_nter, Great Dark- Gate Street. ATIERGAVENNY .Mr. C. R. Philips, Auctioneer- BRECON AfT- Willia "INS, Ship-street- BRTPOEND Nli-. Dav;(l BRTS-roT. Messrs. PV ■ .-ans,29,Clare-st CARHTEF Nlr. Bird, V Hfice. C audio ax Mr. Isaac T "S. Printer. DrnLix J.K. Johns' • Co.,Eden Quay* Fit H. Day; Victoria Place. LT.ANDTLO Mr. Thoma ■ RW-S, Stationer. L -k I T. Mr. Rees, I)v.i \gist. LLAXELLY Mr. Gawler. MILFOIID .Mr. Gwyther, Custom House. MERTHYR Mr. William Morris. NEWCASTLE-EMLYN Mr. AVilliam Jones, Printer. PEMBROKE Mr. R. C. Tn>weeks, Chemist. SWANSEA. Mr. Grove, St itioner, Wind-st. TENBY .A. lr. AValk-iiitoii, Chemist. And all Postmasters and Clerks of the roads. THIS PAPER IS REGULARLY FILED bv all the above agent" and also in London, at Peel's Coffee-IIouse, No.1] l' and 178, Fie et-stre et.-D vacon's Coffee-House, NN a, brook, and the Auction Mart. Printed ?nd Published in Gui)dh.?U s(h(' ￼ St. Peter, in the County of the Boro?h of Ctrmarl I en, by the Proprietor, JosEFH HEGINBOTTOI. of 1i^icton i,err?? ia Carmarthen aforesaid. FRIDAY, JAXUARY '23, 131).