AMONG the lately-issued pamphlets of the Board of Agriculture (any of which may be obtained free of charge on application to the Board's Secretary at Whitehall), not the least timely or valuable is that on Winter Egg Production." Although it is not so easy a task in winter as it is in spring or summer to get hens to lay eggs, it is nevertheless a thing worth attempting, for in winter eggs are much dearer than at other times, and in order to work up a sound business the producer ought to be able to supply his customers' wants all the year round. The rules to be observed are simple, and some of them obvious: The hens kept must be of a productive strain, and bred, if possible, from several generations of good winter layers. The pullets to be kept must be hatched neither too early nor too late. The hens must not be over two years old, and must be kept in such a way as to ensure comfort. The food must contain a lot of the elements necessary for the formation of eggs, the repair of tissue, and the production of heat. During the season when eggs are cheap let the hens hatch two or three broods of chickens. As to the best breeds for winter laying, the heavy sitting varieties are commonly better than the small, non-sitting ones. Although the latter may often produce more eggs in the course of the year, they are not the best winter layers. As a rule Plymouth Rocks, Wyandottes, Orpingtons, Faverolles, and Langshans, when kept under favourable conditions, can be relied on for a regular supply of winter eggs. It is a pity that poultry breeders in this country give so little care to the strain they select, for strain is just as im- portant as breed. In a few years American egg- farmers have built up strains to lay 200 or even 250 eggs in the year. Individual records are kept by the use of "trap-nests" to test. the laying powers of large flocks of hens. Drones are then rejected and producers are bred together in order to secure producers. The laws of inheritance hold as truly with birds as with cattle, horses, or shoop. Pullets must be raised every year to replace part of the old stock, and these should be reared so as to lay at the opening of the winter. Different breeds begin to lay at different ages, from five to seven or eight months old. Pullets of many breeds if hatched in January or February begin to lay in June or July, and moult in October, and are thus spoilt for winter laying. On the other hand, if ohickens are hatched too late, or belong to a slowly-maturing breed, they will not lay in win- ter. From six to eighteen months is the most pro- ductive age. Very good poultry men keep their hens until they are two and a half years old, al- though some authorities say that they should be got rid of at the age of a year and a half, and re- placed by six-months-old pullets. One can hardly 4mtiirate the importance of housing hens well, or of shelter in winter, but they should not be shut up closely in ill-ventilated houses. There should be a good winter roosting house in a sheltered situation, and without any crevices to admit rain, ^dampness or cold draughts. It should be well lighted and ventilated, and ten cubic feet should be allowed to each bird. The hens should have a large open shed to wander about in during the day, instead of being allowed to mope or stand on one leg without exercise. The floor of this shed should be well littered with chaff, mill dust, loft sweepings, and the like, with some ungroimd corn buried in it. As to food, it must not be sup- posed that corn alone, or the meal made from it, will suffice. It is not sufficiently nitrogenous. Corn is all very well, but only when used in com- bination with milk, ground bone, clover, and "vegetables. The following method of feeding has been found to give the best results: In the morn- ing, about nine o'clock, the fowls are fed with a few handfuls of cracked Indian corn scattered in the scratching shed. About eleven o'clock they are given a full feed of mash—as much -as they will eat from troughs in half an hour. The mash is made thus: 301bs. of finely cut clover hay is steamed and mixed with 201bs. of barley-meal, 20 lbs. of Indian meal, 201bs. of bran, lOlbs. of cut green bone, and sufficient skim milk to form the whole into a stiff mash. This -is mixed a few hours before it is required for use, and is fed warm at the time mentioned. At mid-day a small quantity of wheat is thrown in the litter of the scratching shed—not enough to make a meal, but sufficient to keep the birds busily employed until evening, when they are fed with whole grain about an hour before roosting time. It is advis- able to use a variety of grains, not mixed to- gether, but a different one each evening.
COMPLIMENTARY DINNER TO MR. T. BLAND D/IVIES, CARMARTHEN. On Thursday night of last week a compliment- ary dinner was given at the Boar's Head Hotel by the Sports and Attractions Company in honour of Mr Thomas Bland Davies, the chairman of the Company, when some sixty five gentlemen awmbled. The chair was taken by Mr H. Brunei White, who, after the Royal toasts had been given, pro- posed the health of their guest in his usual happy manner, pointing out the various good qualities and willingness to help and further every good cause of their guest, and also the great interest which he took in promoting the success of the sports and attractions held in the town in recent years. The Rev. T. R. Walters, who was the only clergyman present, also spoke in eulogistic terms of Mr Davies' good qualities. The toast was musically honoured, For he's a jolly good fellow being heartily sung. Mr Davies replied in feeling terms, and spoke of the kindness which he had always received at the hands of the Committee, the happy times which he had spent amongst them, and the pleasure and instruction which he had experienced during his connection with the Committee. He was pleased to say that he had been fortunate in being able to be present at all the sports meetings held on the various Bank Holidays, about 23 in all, and he had also attended nearly all the Committee meetings held, and he was glad that their efforts had been the means of attracting thousands of people to the town each holiday, besides keeping the towns- people at home. He felt deeply the kindness shown him that evening, not only by the Sports Committee, but also by the gentlemen who had attended the dinner, the elite of the town be might say. He trusted that now that the Committee was dissolved the sports would not be allowed to drop, and he for one would be prepared to become guarantor for any Sports Committee started. During the course of the evening, Mr James Davies. J.P., Redholm, presented the guest with an enlarged photograph (nicely mounted in oak and gilt, suitably inscribed) of the members of the Committee, who had worked so harmoniously with Mr Bland Davies for the past three vears. Songs were sung by Mr David Davies, tioksbnrg Hall, Mr Edward Colby Evans, Mr H. Reeves, Mr Arthur Arthur, and Mr George Lewis In strumentai selections were given by Mr W. O. Minister (banjo solo), and Mr C. H. Mounsey (violin solo), who were loudly encored. The health of Mr C. Haydn Willams (late joint bon. sec.), and Mr A. J. Jones, the secretary, was given in felicitous terms by Mr Bland Davies, who spoke in the highest strain of the work done by them, and the toast was musically honoured. Mr C. H. Williams and Mr A. J. Jones suitably re- sponded, speaking in the highest terms of Mr Davies as a bnsiness man and a gentleman, and quoting figures as to thousands of visitors who visited Carmarthen on Bitik Holidays. The accompanist was Mr P. R. Daniel, A.R.C.O. The proceedings throughout were of an entirely jovial character, and were brought to a close at 11 o'clock by the National Anthem being suug by the entire company. It was moved by several speakers that it would be a great pity, now that this Com- pany was dissolved, not to endeavour to start on fresh lines, so that Carmarthen on holidays should reap the benefit which had been so great during the existence of the Committee, and the Chairman announced that one gentleman had promised to contribute £20 to form a nucleus if a fresh com- mittee were appointed which would include their late chairman (Mr Bland Davies), and secretaries. Mrs Olive catered in her usual able manner. The following was the menu :-Roast beef, boiled beef, roast turkey, bread sauce, bath chap, roast geese, apple sauce, roast fowl, roast hare. trifle, mince pie, apple tart, creams, jelly, stewed fruit, cheese and celery. f,,<
aOSPEL TEMPERANCE MEEETING AT CARMARTHEN. The weekly meeting of the Carmarthen Gospel Temperance Society was held at the Shire Hall, on Saturday evening last, when the building was packed. The programme for the evening was entrusted to Miss Buckley, and it was admitted by all persons that it was an excellent one, as will be seen below. The meeting commenced by singing a hymn, followed by a short prayer by the Rev. M. H. Jones, B.A., pastor of Water-street Chapel. The chair was taken by the Rev. Creigfryn Jones, pastor of the Welsh Wesleyan Chapel, who was supported by the Rev. T. Nevison Phillipson, Rev. M B. Jones, Mr Whicher, etc. Tne first item on the programme was a 'cello solo by Mr Gustave Jones, King-street (Miss Buckley accompanying on the piano) this was followed by a solo by Miss Polly Jones, Francis. terrace solo and chorus, Miss May Matthews, L L.C.M., Abergwili-road. Here the Chairman gave a capital address in the vernacular, in which he thanked Mr Gustave Jones for introducing for the first time this winter instrumental music in these meetings. He also referred to the drunken ness amongst women in their town, and said it was a deplorable sight to see such a state of things in Carmarthen. After the Chairman's excellent address, a solo was given by Miss Brockie, Guild- hall-square duet, Miss Wheldon aud Miss Gwladys Jones, King-street. At this juncture of Miss Hodges, Guildhall-square, gave an ex. cellent rendering (by request) of "The Haven," and received loud and tremendous applause for the recitation. An encore was sought by the audience, and in response Miss Hodges promised to give another recitation at a future date. Solo, "Remember now thy Creator," etc., Mrs J. H. Thomas. Mr Sam Thomas, guard, G.W.R., and Mr John Jeremy, signalman, G W.R delivered short addresses, after which Miss Elsie Evans, Francis-terrace, gave a soJo. Before the meeting separated, the Rev. M. H. Jones, B.A.. thanked Miss Buckley for providing such an excellent pro- gramme, and he was delighted to see Christian friends of different churches in the town coming forward to assist in carrying on those meetings. He maintained that Christian people of all churches ought to be more united in doing good, in the way they were endeavouring to do. The Rev. T. N. Phillipson closed the meeting by prayer.
I WHAT HOPE IS THERE? TO THE EDITOR OF THE WELSHMAN." SIR,-As a person very much interested in Labour problems it was with a certain amount of interest that I read Mr Llewellyn Williams' speech before the Carmarthen Trades and Labour Council last week. My intention in writing this letter is to show to the Labour men of Carmarthen and Llanelly the utter futility in expecting any real social reform that will go to the root of those con- ditions which cause the misery and privation so glaringly manifest at the present time by sup. porting either of the candidates now before the constituency. Before going any further, Jet me urge upon everyone that I state this in no pro. judiced spirit against either of the candidates. I speak from an independent standpoint, and have nothing to serve but the interests of truth and justice. My desire is to see men sent into Parlia- ment with a burning enthusiasm to remove the in. justices which prevent the majority of our men and women from leading anything like a decent life. It is my desire to see men elected as repre- sentatives of the people who will pledge themselves to allow working men the right to work, or, rather, the right to live," for it appears to me that it matters little whether a man has freedom of belief or freedom of speech or freedom of con- science so long as he has not the right to live. Now, sir, let us see what there is in Mr Williams' speech that would give any hope to a thinking working man who has made a profound study of Labour problems. I have read his speech care- fully, and in critically scanning every sentence have been led to the conclusion that there is absolutely no hope whatever. Ah! my friends, they talk a lot of platitudes, but these to an intelligent workman are as ashes in their mouths. They talk of the poverty and misery in the land, and when it comes to real practical reforms they are nowhere. The Liberal candidates' reforms, as far as I can see. can be ranged as follows Adherence to Free Trade, reform of national fiuanee, abolition of House of Lords, payment of members, manhood suffrage, amending the law relating to Trade Unions, free breakfast table, and Old Age Pensions. On the education question he says he believes in secular education. How that will suit the Non- conformists I do not know, but on this matter he is to be admired, as only by secular education will the questiou be settled. However. this by the way. I should like to know if there is to b? found än intelligent Labour man who wUl believe for a moment that the above reforms go to the root of our present troubles. Does any intt-Hi?ent Labour man think that there is any hope in Mr Willh1m8' reforms for the unemployed—those who are willing to work, but cannot get it, and who are starving in our large towns and cities? Hardly. 1 can- not believe it. Free Trade will not do it, because pauperism is on the increase, and what about the 12 million on the verge of starvation ? Reform of national finance will not do it. Abolition of the House ot Lords will not do it Neither will the other reforms do much to remove every pre- ventible poverty in the land." These only touch the fringe of the question. It is surprising to me how well our present political parties (Liberal and Tory) find a way to dabble with effects instead of going to the root of things. I declare U11. hesitatingly that the only solution of these deep- I rooted evils are to be found in the principles of the Labour Party. I am very sorry for Mr Williams' idea of the principles of the Labour Party. I happen to know something of Labour politics, and one prominent fact embodied in those principles is that it is useless to except real reforms from a party made up of landlords, capitalists, surveyors, lawyers, railway directors, brewers, and other financiers of the same class. And the Liberal Party is made up of such. What hope, then, can an unemployed workman expect from a candidate who belongs to such a j party ? In writing this letter, I am reminded of the 1| action of the Labour men of Mid-Glamorgan in rejecting Mr S. T. Evans' candidature at the next election and bring out their own man. Too many lawyers we have in the House of Commons whose I time is taken up in legal affairs. A Labour advocate, referring to Mr Evans' candidature, re- marked, "Mr S. T. Evans ia a K.C., who knows about as much of the lives and necessities of the miners of Glamorgan as they know about him, and the ease with which a hundred guineas can be earned in a hundred minutes And this fact can be applied to the present case with equal force. I can only say to the Labour men of Carmar- then and Llanelly that if they want real reforms they must trust to themselves, for Liberal em- ployers and those who are subservient to them, no more than Tory employers, will concede the just and reasonable demands which the Labour Party put forward. People might think the Liberal Party will do wonders when they get into power. They are making a huge mistake. The epoch of Liberalism is dead. Further, look at the voting of a recent Bill before Parliament the London Electric Powers Bill. Consider that nearly all the chief representatives of Liberalism voted for it, which was nothing more than a capitalistic dodge right through. But the mystery is explained when it is known that the promoters of the concern in- cluded such well-known representatives of Liberal- ism as R. Spence Watson. Sir Geo. Newnes, M.P., Sir James Joicey, M.P., Mr H. Gladstone, M.P., and Mr Tennant, M.P. Didn't they show their true colours? Moreover, what of the highly capitalistic nature of the recent converts to Liberalism, and the merchants and lawyers who are winning at the recent elections. Are they coming back to the Liberal Party to make it more Radical ? I doubt it. In conclusion, let me appeal to the Labour men in the Boroughs to concentrate their efforts in ex- tending their influence more than it appears to be, so that those working men, who are now outside the ranks, may be brought to act with them, for I am certain they will, when the real principles and work of the Labour Party are brought home to them. Leave the old orthodox parties alone; trust to yourselves you have the power to make a party of your own, independent of both of them Do not play any more the part of a political Lazarus, always expecting crumbs from the rich man's table. Arise! ye workers; put on thy armour, and remember that it is only by faith in your own might that the battle of economic freedom can be won. I am, &c., I A BELIEVER IN THE "RIGHT TO LIVE," I Oct. 31st, 1905.
DISTRICT INTELLIGENCE. I (For other District News see Page 7). i OARMARTHENHIRE. I LLARELLY. I MYBTKET SOLVED.—The Llanelly coroner (Mr Buck- ley Roderick) conducted an inquiry into the circum- stances surrounding the death of a young man named David Henry Griffiths, who died at the hospital on Fri- day last. Some sensational reports have been in circu- lation as to the deceased having been seriously as- saulted at Llangennech Fair. The evidence of Dr. J. L. Davies, however, proved conclusively that death was due to ursemic coma following upon chronic disease of the kidneys. The jury returned a verdict in accor- dance with the medical evidence. BAZAAB.—A bazaar in connection with the Presby- terian Church, Llanelly, was held at the Athenaeum Hall on Monday afternoon. Mr Dan Williams, J.P., I who presided, announced that their pastor, the Rev. Maurice Griffiths, M.A., had seut a cheque of Xloo towards the funds. The opening ceremony was per- formed by Mrs David Evans, Llangennech, who handed over a cheque on behalf of Mr Gwilym Evans, J.P., Westfa, for £100 as his fhst instalment, Mr Evans having promised to give 50 per cent. of the profits made at the bazaar. In addition Mrs Evans presented a cheque for one hundred guineas on behalf of her hua- band, Mr David Evans, J.P., D.L., Llangennech Park, one of the founders of the church.
I PtMB>R0KE8HlR £ I BEGELLY. I ENTERTAINMENT.—A bachelors' party was held at the above place in connection with the young men's society club on the 28th ult. The attend- ance was large, in spite of the bad weather. All expected were present by 7.45 p.m., and a start was made by 8 p.m. The programme was amus- ing, and arranged very tastefully, viz., singing, recitations, selections on musical instruments, and story telling. Everyone was kept in continual laughter. The musical instruments previously mentioned were of a varied strain, and some splen- did songs, lectures, and many a waltz were given. It was the first attempt to organise a party of this' sort. Some thought it a foolish thing. It puts the young ladies in a very discontented state, as has been previously mentioned in these columns, but they have parties too, cutting the line as we do. The party gave over at 10.45 p.m., after having had refreshments. A very good speech was delivered by a true follower, then came "God save the King," cheers, and so forth. It, was de- cided to have the next about the 10th of Novem- ber, unless another date is fixed by the committee. We sincerely hope that all believers in the move- ment will acquaint us with their readiness to join the next, on condition that they be approved of by the committee.
I ABERYSTWYTH. 10 T. J. Samuel. 814 Robert Doughton 796 Edwin Morris. 793 Fred Morgan. 710 Captain James 705
THE HUNTING SEASON. The opening meet of the Carmarthenshire Hounds took place on Tuesday last, the rendez- vous being the Guildhall Square, Carmarthen, as is customary. There was a large attendance of followers of the Hunt, whose assemblage was wit- nessed by a crowd of interested spectators. The weather conditions were fair, warm sunshine al- ternating smart showers, though the latter were fortunately absent during the time the horsemen and horsewomen foregathered. Amongst the company we noticed the popular M.F.H. and Mrs. R. H. Harries, St. Clears; Capt. Spence-Jones, M.F.H., Pantglas; Mr. T. Parkinson, Lieut. Parkinson, and Miss Parkinson, also Mrs. Parkinson and party on wheels; Mr. W. G. Morris, Coomb; Mr. E. H. James and the Misses Bath, Alltyferin Mr. T. E. Thomas, Tre- hale; Capt. Harries, Bryntowy Mr. W. J. Wil- liams, Picton Terrace Mr. R. R. Carver and Miss Carver, Wenallt; Mr. Jack Carver, Trecadwgan Mr. John Francis, Mr. Jack Francis, and Miss Francis, Myrtle Hill; Mr. Andrew, Swansea; Miss Brayshaw Miss Williams, Napier House; Mr. E. Prothero, Dolwilym; Dr. Bowen Jones, The Friary; Mr. D. H. Thomas, Starling Park; Mr. Percy Thomas, Derllys Court; Mr. J. Richards, Pantyrathro Miss Schomberg, Alltygog Mr. J. Anthony, Cilveithy Master Phillips Pibm r- Iwyd t Mr. D. Davies and Miss Davies, Boksburg Hall; Tom and Phil; also on wheels, Mrs. Olive, Mrs. J. F. Rees, Miss Rees, etc. Soon after eleven the Master sounded the horn and the cavalcade started off through Darkgate and Lammas Street, on to Maesvprior, where, before long reynard was a-foot. He broke at the usual corner, and made for Cwmaubach, thence to Ffynonsaint, and, apparently, he bolted for Penycoed dingle, but it was soon discovered through the scent that he had turned back, and got into Ffynonsaint and Cwmau bach. After much disturbance he broke cover, and appeared to be making for Derllys, but he dodged to the right, and went over Cwmmauro, at the back of Ffynonsaint. Thence he went on to the Plough and Harrow, Nantybwla, and Trevaughan Quarry where he got out of the reach of the hounds. This however, was only for a time. On being dis- turbed he crossed over to Llwynteg, and was soon after killed. The run was most enjoyable. Sportsmen and the public generally will be pleased to learn that the Otter Hounds which dur- ing the summer hunted the district under the ownership of the officers of the Shropshire Light Infantry, then stationed at Pembroke-Dock, have been acquired by a committee of gentlemen in- terested in the sport, and Mr. D. Prothero. Dol- wilym, has been prevailed upon to accept the mastership. A satisfactory subscription list. ba". been promised.
I EAST WILLIAMSONS YOUNG LADY INHERITS A LARGE FORTUNE.—We are much pleased to state that Miss Flossie Nich- olas, the eldest grandchild of Mr. Wm. John, The Back, East Williamston, Tenby, has, through the death of a very wealthy uncle in America, re- cently inherited the large sum of money amount- ing to £ 7,700. Although Miss Nicholas has un- expectedly become a. very wealthy young lady it will make no difference to her life, as she still in- tends to remain in her lowly position with her grand-narents at The Back as long as they need her companionship and help. This she earnestly hopes will be the case for many years to come. Miss Nicholas is very intelligent, and will doubt- less use her fortune in a very sensible manner. She is a very highly esteemed young lady, liked and respected by everyone who has the privilege of her acquaintance. All her relatives, friends, and admirers will doubtless be highly pleased to hear of her coming unexpectedly into a large fortune. It can be confidently predicted that money will not turn her head to pride, which is such a curse to many in this old world, and which, as we all know, is sure to have a fall sooner or later.
I HAVERFORDWEST. I RELIGIOUS EDUCATION AT WALWYN'S CASTLE.- At a meeting of the Pembrokeshire Education Committee at Haverfordwest the chairman (Mr. S. B. Sketch) said it had come to the knowledge of the director of education (Mr. H. H. James, B.A.), that a service was held in one of the schools of the county during school hours. Per- haps the better plan would be to ask him to in- quire and report.—Dr. Griffiths: It is a reflection upon all the schools if left like that. Can't we have the name of the school?—The Director said it was Walwyn's Castle National School. When visiting the school he saw the following entry in the log book: September 29th. This being St. Michael's Day, the rector had a short service and catechising in the school from 11.30 to 12 in place of the Scripture lesson." He thought it rather a strange proceeding, because the circular from the Board had done away with taking the children to church. But this was a new idea-taking the church to the school. It had never been done before to his knowledge. Rev. J. Phillips pro- posed that the director be asked to inquire and report This was agreed to.
I MAENCLOCHOB. u- I PRESENTATION.—On Thursday evening, the 12th ult., a. very interesting and pleasant gathering of the parishioners of Maenclochog and Llangolman Assembled at the former Parish Church for the purpose or presenting the Rev. D. Williams, B.A., who for the last four years has been curate-in- i charge of the combined parishes of Maenclochog and Llangolman. During his ministry here Mr. Williams, through his indefatigable energy and kindness of heart, had won the affection of all his parishioners, irrespective of party or creed, as was testified on the above occasion, when Church- men and Nonconformists alike showed their gener- osity and good feeling towards him. The chair was taken by Mr. A. Pritchard, Rosebush, who in an ae spee-ch expressed the regret of all pre- sent at the departure of the rev. gentleman from amongst them. Speeches were also delivered by Mr. o. Ll. Thomas, Mr. J. Howell, Mr. T. Phil- I lips, and Mr. D. L. Evans, after which the Chair- man called on Miss Howells, the organist of Maen- i clochog Church, to present Mr. Williams with an 18ct. gold watch, bearing the following inscrip- tion: "Presented to the Rev. D. Williams, B.A., by the Maenclochog and Llangolman Churches, 1905." Mr. Williams, in a touching speech, thanked all his kind friends for their generous and costly gift. It would always remind him of his many friends, and the happy time he had spent with them. Mr. Williams carries with him the best wishes of all his former parishioners for his future welfare and success in his new sphere of labour at Tumble, near Llanelly.—Communi- cated.
SAUNDERSFOOT. I TRIED TO SAVE GEN. GORDON.-Major General Sir Charles Wilson, R.E., K.C.B., K.C.M.G., F.R.S., who died at Tunbridge Wells on Wednes- day, was a. son of the late Mr. Edward Wilson, of Hean Castle, near Saundersfoot. When Sir Her- bert Stewart's little force set out from Korti on January 8th, 1885, for a hazardous but glorious march across the Bayuda desert, Sir Charles Wil- son accompanied it. To him Lord Wolseley had entrusted a letter for General Gordon, with orders that he should deliver it into the hands of the de- fender of Khartoum. There was no thought at that time of the possibility of his having to com- mand the desert column if Sir Herbert Steward should be killed or wounded seriously. Lord Wolseley had made other arrangements, which were shattered when Colonel Fred Burnaby fell fighting at Abu Klea. After Sir Herbert Stewart was wounded fatally in the second battle at Gubat the command devolved on Sir Charles Wilson in virtue of his seniority. Whether he delayed too long after Gordon's steamers had joined him, or simply took the common-sense precaution which circumstances demanded, is a question about I which differences of opinion will always exist. There was certainly nothing, says the Times," to justify the bitter attack made upon him because of his failure to reach Khartoum before it fell. A scapegoat was wanted to draw off attention from the blunders of others in higher authority, and he suffered acordingly. On January 24th, Sir Charles Wilson, having with him a few British soldiers in red coats, and less than 200 Sudanese, started for Khartoum. When, after encountering many diffi- culties, and fighting their way past Dervfsh bat- teries, the steamers got within sight of Khartoum I they were too late. The place had fallen two days earlier, and General Gordon was dead.
FOR CARMARTHEN READERS AND OTHERS. I [This column is for late events and local glean- ing?. A good deal of the more important Car- martaep,_nw.a will be found in page ?.] ARRIVALS. The 8.S. Mertbyr arrived on Monday with a cargo of maize for Mr J. B. Arthur. The next recital at Christ Church will be held on Sunday, December 10th, tor which event a first-rate programme is in preparation. ST. PETER'S CHRISTMAS TREE.—The annual St. Peter's Christmas Tree will take place on January 4th, 1906. A list of the stallholders will appear in the Welshman for next week. Sir George White has written promising to come to Carmarthen to unveil the memorial to the fallen heroes in South Africa which is being erected in Guildhall Square. The ceremony is expected to take place early in December. John Mitchell, an ostler engaged at the King's Arms, Priory Street, was on Saturday lait moving a cart across the road, when he was knocked down by the Whitemill motor-car, and sustained in- juries of a severe nature, including a large cut on the head. CONEERT.—A grand concert will held at the Assembly Rooms. Carmarthen, on Nov. 9th. Some of the most well-known artistes will appear. The proceeds are towards enabling Mr W. Evans. Market Lodge, Carmarthen, to undergo treatment at a Sanatorium. ALLEN'S GREAT WALK.—The following telegram reached Mr Davies, manager of Oliver's Boot Stores, on Thursday (yesterday) morning regarding C. W. Allen's walkjreferred to in another page — Allen taken seriously ill cannot give exhibition walk in your town on Saturday." It is sighed by an official. CARMARTHENSHIRE INFIRMARY.—The Secretary begs respectfully to acknowledge the receipt of the following :-— £ 3 3s. Nazareth Baptist Chapel, Whit- land 78 6d, Libanus Church, Llaullawddog; 12s 8d, Capel Cendy Church J63 7s 6d, Llanllwni Church; il 16s 3d, the Workmen of Pembrey Copper Works; £215s, the Workmen of Kidwelly Tinplate Co., Ltd. periodicals, Mr R. James (Bridge street), Miss Lloyd (32, The Avenue). Miss Spurrell (King-street). Miss Hughes (Ty-Hawddgar), and Mr H. Blagdon Richards. DEPARTURE.—Mr Tom Rees, of Nantycaws, who recently completed his apprenticeship as junior reporter on the Welshman, left on Saturday last for Swiusea, where he has secured a post on the Cambria Daily Leader. Previous to his departure he was the recipient of a handsome writing case, subscribed for by the members of the staff and employees, with whom he had worked for the last four years. We heartily wish him success on his career. Mr Rees also received from his friends at Philadelphia a gold chain and inscribed pendant. H OCKRY. TwQ matches were played on the Carmarthen ground (Picton Court Field) last week, both resulting in a win for the home side. Carmarthen were at home on Thursday to the Swansea Y.M C.A. Club, and after a good game ran out victors, scoring 2 goals to their visitors' 1. L Morris and J. C. < "fiS scored for the home side.-On Saturday the Oystermcutli Club were the opponents, and a fast, exciting game was anticipated. The first half of the ¡!a.me proved to be greatly in favour of Oystcrrroiith, and when the interval was reached the score read: Oyster- month, 1 goal, Carmarthen, nil. After changing ends the home team altered their tactics, and soon quite iout-clasged their opponents, D. J. Davies scoring four goals in a ding-dong fashion, and at the call of time the score was: Carmar- then, 4 goals; Oystermouth, 1 goal. Carmarthen team Goal, O. Bowen full-hacks, D. Francis and P. Annand half-backs, W. Williams W. Evans, and L. Morris; forwards. Roberts, Yorath, O'JSul- livan, Carl Jones, D. J. Davies. CATTLE SALE. On Wednesday last a very important sale of Shorthorn cattle (bulls, cows, and heifers), was held at, the Market Place. Car- marthen, by Mr D H. Thomas (Messrs Lloyd and Thomas), auctioneers, Quay-street,, Carmarthen, under the auspices of the South Wales Shorthorn Breeders' Association. Appended are the buvers and prices :-White bull (Mr Herbert Howells, Llandre, Llangendeirne), Mr Jones. Tvreithir, Pontyberem, 15} £ gns. Golden Grove Star (Mr D. H. Thomas. Starling Park). Mr Griffiths, Glan- cydrich, Llandilo, 24gns. Warwick Lad (Mr J. Allen Thomas, Haverfordwest). Mr Davies, Samson, Pembroke. I3gns.: Roval Derwent 3rd (Mr J. Lloyd Thomas. Abergwili). Mr W. Morris. Llan- gain, 12gns.; King (Lord Dynevor. Llnudilo), Mr Evans. Cwmdwyfran. 13gns. Scottish Victor (Mr J. Lloyd Morgan). Mr Evans. Cefnhernin, 22gns. Lord Lieutenant (Mr J. Lloyd Morgan), Mr Griffiths, Glanbryndenfeirn. Llandilo. 25gns. Monographer II. (Mr T. Bowen Davies. Golden Grove; Mr Griffiths. Cricbmaer, Pembroke, 16gns. Rejected (Mr T. Bowen Davies, Golden Grove), Mr James, Conwil, 23gns. Billv (Mr Edwin Morgan, Cwmffrwd) Mr James. Honey Crown, Neyland, 15gns. Towy Excelsior 90341 (Hr i Footman, Havodwen), Mr Evans, Sodston, Narberth, 34gus. Towy Czar (Mr Footman, Havodwen), Mr J. Williams, Tiegarou, 17gns.; Pioneer (Mr T. E. Davies, Llanegwad), Mr Hy. Lewis, Pentowyn, 18gns. Nobleman (Mr T. E. Davies, Llanegwad), Mr Rogers, Clogyfran, 20gns; Lord of the Manor (Mr. J. Lloyd Morgan), Mr. Lewis, Clomendy, 18t gns. Count Calenig (Mrs. Evans, Llanelly), Mr. Thomas, Bwlch, St. Clears, 17t gns. Moonlight (Mrs. Evans, Llanelly), Mr. Williams, Limestone Hill, Llangendeirne, 7 i gns. Glan Cherito (Mrs. Evans, lanelly), Mr. Ed- wards, Waunfwlchan, Llangunnock, 5 gns. Heather Bloom (Mr. T. Bowen Davies), Mr. Thomas, Maesyprior, Carmarthen, 10-1 1 gns. Towy Baronet (Mr. Fotman, Hafodwen), Mr. E. G. Protheroe, Tygwyn, Pembrey, 141 gns. Sirdar (Mr. J Griffiths, Llandefeilog), Mr. Davies, Aber- cothi, 25 gns.; Snowball (Mr. J. Griffiths), Mr. Thomas, Yrynis, Llandilo, 16-1 gns. Cardinal (Mr J. Griffiths), Mr. Thos. Jones, Old Abbey, Pont- rhydfendigeid, 18 gns. Major (Mrs. A. Edwards, Llanddarog), Mr. Hancock, Henllan, Whitland, 171 gns.; Cashier (Lord Dynevor), Mr. Morgan, Caemawr. Manordeilo, 17 gns. Improver (Mr. D. James, Clynsiw), Mr. Walters, Berllan, Llan- arthney, 7 gns. Star of Morning (Mr. J. Lloyd Morgan), Mr. Thomas, Penlan, LLanddowror, loSt gns. Governor Swell (Mr. D. Evans, Kidwelly), Mr. Lewis, Morfabach, Laugharne, 10 gns. Con- queror (Mr. D. James, Clynsiw), Mr. Jeremy, Tre- fynys, Carmarthen, 8 gns. Spectator (Mr. J. Stephens, Llanddarog), Mr. Griffiths, Bwlchtrapp lOt gns. Prince (Mr. T. Thomas, Nantgaredig), Mr. Anthony. Kidwelly, III gns. Tudor (Mrs. A. Edwards, Llanddarog), Mrs. Davies, Penrhiwfin gen, Talley, 7 gns. Charles II. (Mrs. Edwards), Mr. Evans, Llanvfri, Llandilo. 7 gns. Major (Rev E. Thomas, Llanegwad), Mr. Evans, Hurst Farm, Laugharne, 7 gns. Marmicn (Mr. J. Lloyd Mor- gan), Mr. Walters, 'Llanarthne, 5l gns. Hasty 2nd (Mr. Lewis, Cillefwr), Mr. Evans, Penlan, 3 gns. Chancellor III. (Mr Lewis), Mr. Williams, Glasfryn, 21 gns. Cherry Ripe II. (Col. Gwynne Hughes), Mr. Stephens, Whitelera, Llanddarog. 9 gns. Gipsy Princess (Mr. J. E. Fotman), Mr. Evans, Llandarog, 14 gns. Colonel (Mr. W. Wil- liams, 'Llwynpiod), Mr. Geo. Hitchins, Boxpole Pembroke, 17 gns. Star Light (Mr. Williams. Llwynpiod), Mrs. Davies, Hendy, Llangain, 12 gns. Union Jack (Mr. Williams), Mr. Thomas, Werncorgan, Llangain, 19! gns.; Rose East wick V. (Mr. D. Williams, Nant), Mr. D. James, butcher, Carmarthen, 14 gns. The market was filled with farmers and buyers, and the sale WllS in all ways entirely satisfactory.
I WESTERN WARD. Mr. Tierney al so desires to thank those ladies and gentlemen who voted for him in the Western Ward Considering the influences that were used against him, he thinks it no small honour that 380 electors in one ward should have been in favour of making him their representative on the Town Council in order to advocate equal treat3 ment for the schools of all parties.
t LAMPETER. Samnel Davies Jones (0) 231 Charles Evans, raerchstit, (L) 216 DpLvid Davies. blacksmith (L) 192 Evan Hughes Davies, ironmonger (C). 181 Evan Davies. retired police-sergeant (C).. 155 John Abel Weaver (L) 142 Thomas Jones, tailor and draper (C) Iff
PEMBBOKE. Ivor Ward Davies 371 Rees Philips 315 F. P. Tombs 273 Non-elected. J. W Penney 232 H. OirlPbv 217 1 W. T. Nay-riø 171 There were a 180 three vacancies at Pembroke- Dock, caused by the terms of office of Mews Wm. Phillip? (mayor), Wm. Smith, and J. Lawrfnoe terminating" There were four candidates, and the results were I William Phillips 834 John Lawrence 814 1 William Smith. 652 I William Evans 629 I Th:= .¡ 629
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HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. THE CARMARTHENSHIRE HOUNDS will meet on Tuesday, the 7th inst., at Blaeuwain. and on Fri- day. the 10th inst., at Croesyceilog: each day at 11. THE PEMBROKESHIRE HOUNDS will meet on Mon- day. the 6th inst., at The Racecourse, Haverford- west, and on Thursday, the 9th inst., at Roch Bridge each day at 10 45 a.m. THE TIVYSIDE FOXHOUNDS will meet on Mon- day, the 6th inst., at Giltachweu, at 11.15: and on Thursday, the 9th inst, at Pantyderri Gate, at 10.45. MR. LLOYD PRICE'S HARRIERS will meet on Tuesday, the 7th inst.. at Clynglas, near PeDcader, and on Friday, the 10th inst, at Iron Gate, Talley Mountain each day at 10 30. THE PLASGELER HARRIERS will meet on Wed- nesday, the 8th inst, at Bwlchclawdd, and on Saturday, the 11th inst., at Dolmaen Finger Post,- by Llandyesul; each day at 11 a.m. THE DOLWILYM BEAGLES will meet on Saturday, the 11th inst., at Duffryn Brodyn, at 11.
BIRTHS. DAYIRS-On the 29tb nit., at 23, Orchard-street, Carmarthen, the wife of. Mr John Davies, of a son. DAvIEs-On the 30th ult., at 36. St Catherine- street, .Carmarthen, the wife of P.C. Daniel Davies (No. 4). Boro" Police Force, of a son. JAMES—On the 29th nJt.. at 38. Oxford-street, Monntain Ash, the wife of Mr A. O. James of a son DEATHS. DAVIES-On the 25th ult.. at 20. Denton-road Canton. Cardiff, Mary, the dearly beloved wife of Mr Richard Davies. and second daughter of the late Mr David Davies, currier, of Carmarthen, agpri 60 vears. DAVIES On the 31st nlf at The Walk, Handilo, Agues, the eldest daughter of the &v. William Davies, aged 31 years. EVANS On the 23rd ult., at Llandovery, j Ehzbeth, widow of th? late Mr Daniel Evan& (road contractor), aged 71 years.
PENFFORDD. I MINISTERIAL.—The Rev. Benjamin Jones, the recently-ordained minister of Penffordd and Gwastad has just returned to Tredegar, Mon- mouthshire, whence he received a unanimous call to take charge of an English Church in the place. He was minister of Penffordd and Gwastod for about 3 years, and his work was crowned with success everywhere. We hope and trust he will be happy and successful again in his new home.
I CARDIGANSHIRE. CARDIGAN. I RESTORATION OF MANOR DEIJI CHURCH.—The re-opening after restoration of the old Parish Church of Manor Deifi, North Pembrokeshire, has just taken place, the preachers on the occa- sion being the vicar of Newcastle-Emlyn (Rev. J. Powell, R.D.), and the Rev. Griffith Thomas, Car- marthen. The present rector (Rev. D. Ambrose Jones, M.A.) undertook during last summer to renovate the church, which had been closed for many years. The edihoe was re-roofed and cleaned, and it now looks attractive. It contains a very beautiful Norman font, and during the restoration a very interesting window was dis- covered on the south side. It is early Norman, and some think it might have been an old squint window. The well-known bard Alun lies buried at Manardelfi, and within the chancel is a monu- ment erected to his memory. The chalice dates from 15-i,. and is considered one of the finest. in the county of Pembroke, being valued at JE150. The rector has worked with his own hands a great deal in order to carry the restoration through. On the re-opening day the church was crowded, and the services very hearty.
I CARMARTHEN MUNICIPAL ELECTION NOTES I THE POLLING. Eastern Ward- *Rev. Jos. Harry (Nonoon.) 500 *Mr. L. D. Thomas (Noncon.) 483 *Mr. W. Isaac (Noncon.) 478 Mr. Walter Spurrell (Ch.) 454 Western Ward— Mr. J .Lloyd (Ch.) 453 Mr. Wm. Crossman (Nonoon.) 408 Mr. J. Morgan (Ch.) 401 Mr. A. J. Jones (Noncon.) 386 Mr. H. C. Tierney (Ch.) 380 The first three in each ward are elected < < The conversion of places which ought to be sacred for public worship into meeting places for the expounding of secular politics is a great blot upon Nonconformity, and such a procedure is absolutely abhorent to the feelings of devotional and truly religious people. As usual, upon the eve of a municipal election, the evening service at the Tabernacle Chapel was turned into a political meeting, the pastor (Rev. E. U. Thomas), in what was supposed to be a sermon, delivering himself of his party views on the situation in South Africa. Afterwards he referred to the municipal election, and warned his hearers not to split their votes, but to vote in "our ward." as he described the Eastern Ward. for the Rev. Joseph Harry, Mr. L .D. Thomas, and Mr. Isaac. He then called upon Mr George Morgan to give a political speech, he being a town councillor, and conversant with the inner workings of that body. Mr. Morgan, in the course of a peculiar address, in which he spoke of Mr. Isaac as a large employer of labour, and urged them to vote for him and Mr. L .D. Thomas, but above all not to forget Mr. Harry, asked What were they looking for after Tra- falgar? They were looking for the Victory, and after seeing the Victory they looked for Nelson." "And," he added; "Mr. Harry is our Nelson," and he suggested that a testimonial ought to be given to Mr. Harry for what he had done! < < < It is stated that when Nelson was mentioned, some one unfeelingly called out De Wet," the speaker evidently wishing to remind Mr. Morgan and his hearers that Nelsopi never deserted his cause, and always stood to his guns, while De Wet was an elusive customer, and-shall we say?- never stood for the same ward twice. The im- pression created by the proceedings is exemplified by the fact that one member of the congregation, a true Liberal, asserted that on this oocasion he would not vote for one of the candidates who were posing as Liberals, while another person, on reach- ing the lobby, gave vent to her feelings by de- nouncing the business as Disgraceful to talk Solitics in the House of God." And when one heam of such irreligious behaviour as the above, and that the Minister asserted that politics in the pulpit are more sacred to me than the Com- munion." all sincere followers of tihe Master, who eschewed politics, and urged "brotherly love and good fellowship," will agree that it is dis- graceful. Nonconformist ministers blind themselves to the fact, that all the members of their congregations do not think alike, and still less do the different sects hold opinions cf unvarying similarity. A lifelong Nonconformist recently protested in a London contemporary against the fallacy propa- gated by preachers and certain members of Far- liament that Nonconformists were of one mind, or nearly so, and he stated that the former sought by this means a popularity which they failed to obtain as religious teachers, while the latter naturally desired to strengthen their political party. He referred to a discussion which had been going on as to whether Christian ministers ought to criticise the Bible, and observed that to his mind it is equally important to discuss whether they ought to publicly take part in political party questions, seeing that by so doing they were caus- o doing they were catir- ing heart-burning and dissension in their churches and communion. » This is sound common-sense, and the sooner these political preachers realise that they can no longer lead their flocks by the nose, the more har- moniously will they live with them and their neighbours. Time was when the minister was the only member of a community who had any sort of education, and then people naturally looked to him for guidance on any and every subject, but nowadays, when education is v ithin reach of everyone, the people are competent to think for themselves, and within a verv few vears the preacher-politician will, like Othello, find his occu- pation gone. By such proceedings as recorded above people are daily driven into a position of doubt and disbelief in the sanctity of their office, and more and more come to look upon the minis- try as a profession in which there is a constant struggle by its members for supremacy over their fellows and over the opposing ts. Evidently, however, there are still quite a large number of people in Carmarthen who are ignorant enough to be led by the nose by the white-tie brigade. » < In each ward the poll was a remarkably heavy one, probably the heaviest on record. There are in the Eastern 1,011 voters, and of those no less than 903 deposited papers in the ballot box, while in the Western, where there are 909 electors. 810 cast their votes. Whereas in one ward last year Mr. Joseph Williams headed the poll with 480 votes, the Rev. Joseph Harry's total exceeded this by twenty, while in the other ward, the num- ber polleu for the lowest candidate this year was one in exerts of the third elected last year, and Mr. Sopp who was at the top, received less than 400 votes, to be accurate. 399. In the Eastern Tard the Church and Conservative vote went solid for Mr. Spurrell, who had the assist- ance of several cross votes, some of which, it is stated shewed the peculiar split of Harry and Spurrsll. The Nonconformists work e d very hard for th» former, being determined that he should he returned, and some fear for his position no •doubt accounts for the plumpers, which carried him to the top, it being rumoured that the Con- [ sevvatives were going to assist the others in the endeavour to oust him. Only fiv-3 votes separated Messrs. Thomas and Isaac, and fr. Spurrell was 24 votes below the latter. The majority of the Rev. Joseph Harry over Mr. Spurrell was 4G. In the Western Ward the three Chu?h candi j the Western t h i-ee ca-n d i- dates can pride themselves upon the fact that whatever the electors did, they Morked as lov* illy, together as any three in Carmarthen before. The huge majority of Mr. J. Lloyd included only fiv plumpers, but he was the recipient of quite a number of cross votes. A very common ballot paper was Lloyd, Morgan, and Crossman. showin r, that a good many voters put personal feeling be- fore party and principle. It is not altogether sur- prising, seeing that Mr. Crossman comes of a strong Conservative family, and is supposed not to be an extreme partisan. Mr. A. J. Jones's third attempt resulted, as we anticipated, though he received 16 more votes than on the last occa- sion. The net result is a gain of one seat for the Conservatives. Not satisfied with their Sunday political gather- ings, the Nonconformists held ir (derate! y -att en ded meetings on Friday and Tuesday evenings- The principal speaker at the latter was, apparent- ly, Mr. William Rees, popularly known as Will Caprish." In a voice reminiscent of a fog-horn he wanted to know what became of the £ 4,000.000 that was put by every week, and every year by the Government, and he expounded his views from th? platform with remarkable effect. His sentiments seemed to be chiefly expressed in the word "misability," the frequent recurrence of which convulsed his audience with laughter. He was ultimately prevailed upon to resume his ;eat, his problem of where the money vent to, remain- ing unsolved. One of the humours of the election was the fol- lowing letter, which was addressed to Mrs. M. A. Davie6 (next to Mrs. 'Yynch'), Water Street, Carmarthen :— Guildhall, Carmarthen. 31st. Dear Madame,— We the undersigned Beg to see your pre-' sence at above and on the other hand a Motor Car will arrive at your door at 12 a.m. punctually Trusting you will do your endevours for us, We have the honour to be Yours very obediently, A. J. J. H- per A. Walkers Tory Party.- Mrs. M. A. Davies.
MUNICIPAL ELECTION. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "WELSHMAN."] SIR,-I shall be glad if you will kindly allow mø space to thank all those who voted for me at the election on Wednesday in many cases at great in- convenience to themselves. The result clearly shows that the candidates opposed to me by no means represent the views of the whole body of Nonconformists in this constituency. Yours obediently. I WALTER SPURRELL. 1 Carmarthen, Nov. 2, 1905.
LLANDOVERY. *S. H. Price 224 *R Thomas. 224 'T. Phillips 17Si J. Evans 150 Non-elected. -G. Mortoo. 98
TENBY. OC. W. R. Stokes (C) 44ff *F. W. Gregory (C) 420 T. Tucker (C) 349 J. Trusoott (C) 347 Ron-elected. T. J. Edwards (L1 301 *S. Prout (L) 292 W. Thomas (L) 284 *J. Davies (L) 276 .The Conservatives gain two seats. The election wad fought on local iAAuef;, the chief being the litigation in which the town has been involved lately. The four elected members approve this litigation.
I HAVERFORDWEST. Isaiah Reynolds 6P6 J. H. BMhop 616 W. J. Jones (mayor). 602 G. M. Phillips. 563 H. 294 H. Millw Non-elected. 294 The four old mem hers were retured. The contest wae not fought on political lines.
cate," has long called for determined treatment. It is a question on which largely depends the future prospects, or we might almost say, the future existence of England and the whole Brit- ish Empire. In comparison with it our little party Revolts," our military re-organisations, our tariff reforms, and the other subjects which we wrangle over sink into insignificance. In the presence of it our little political squabbles remind one of Nero fiddling while Rome was burning.