No Breakfast Table complete without EPPS'S GRATEFUL-COMFORTING. COCOA The Most Nutritious and Economical. (log On Saturday the annual Temperance demon- stration of the Blodeuyn and Blaguryn Amman ￼ ^nte and • Good Templars wa? held at G^™aw nt" A procession marched through the J,e, y t- Gwauncaegurwen Silver Band anldi fb ^eVTm^a public meeting was held, de?? ????- Morgan, addresses being delivered by the R,evs, J. T<?yn Jones, R. 0. Hi marl' Swansea; and H. Hughes, Bnton }Wy. A committee meeting of the Cardiganshire Con- servative Association was held at Lampeter, Mr. F. C. Harford, Falcondale, presiding. The prin- cipal question for consideration was the proposed testimonial to the Prime Minister. It Was deci- ded to support the movement, and Capt. G. Fos- I.<;ett-Roberts (Aberystwith), and Mr Charles Lloyd (Waunifor) were appointed to represent the county at the forthcoming presentation, which will take place at the Albert Hall, London. It was decided to hold the annual meeting in the end of June at Aberyst,with. A committee composed of members of the Llltn- dilo Rural District Council and the Ammanford Urban Council, reported to the former body on Saturday last that they had considered tenders for carrying out the Loughor water scheme for a. supply of water for Ammanford, Llandebie Penv groes, (etc. Eleven tenders had been received and the committee recommended the acceptance ￼ that of Mr. Edward Powell, WIu?hurc??iS The recommendation was unanimously agreed ??- The amount was £ lo,/<0 1&. THE MEXICAN HAIR RENEWER. Is not a die. Prevents Hair falling off. Restores it to its natural colour. Prevents Dandruff, and is The best Renewer known. Should be on every Toilet-Table. Of all Chemists and Hairdressers Price 3s 6d per bottle. [447
CARMARTHENSHIRE ANTIQUITIES. I "CARED DOETH YR ENCILIONI (This rolutnn is rewced for Sotes and Quotes rtlaHng to the Ant'qn itic a ad Natural His ory of the i.'ounti/. toge iter to'te 'i i ansac iot 8 of the ('annaiihetis lire mtiq-iuriun Society ani Field Club. "] EDITED BY M. H. JONES. HIGH SHERIFF'S SOX PROCURES A MURDER, Llandilo r awr was in a state of high excitement -on the 14th June, 1601. What had happened? Thomas Williams and three others—two of them servants to the High Sheriff, Morgan John ap Harry, of Tregit), inquire—had murdered one William Johnes. A further exciting element was the fact that the Sheriff's son, Walter, about 20 years of age, had by procurement been a party to ttilti dastardly act. This lad, says the allega- tion of David Harry William, which document is amongst the State Papers, had always been of a lewd disposition and bad behaviour." Shortly after the murder Morgan John died, and the ,offica- of High Sheriff became vacant, when it was necessary to appoint some other gentleman to fill it for the remainder of the year. Walter, the lewd, thought he would like it, and made appli- cation accordingly. David Henry William had, however, to be reckoned with, he having drawn up his paper of exceptions and forwarded it to London. He sets forth that at the last sessions at Caermarthen the four men were indicted for the murder, and that Walter Johnes was sus- pected to have procured it. The men are to take their trial at the next sessions. Thifty articles were delivered against Walter at the' last Great Sessions, to Mr. Atkins and Mr. Oldsworth, jus- tices of the shire, wh'ch he has not answered." These things being so, David Harry Williams ends his honest straightforward document by saying: Walter Johnes is not a fit man to return a jury upon the trial of these murderers and being scar- cely 21 years of age is not fit to be a sheriff. Charles Vaughan. who is related to Walter Johnes, is now in election for the place." These exceptions answered their purpose, and Walter "of a lewd disposition" saw his relative ap- pointed as High Sheriff of Caermarthenshire. Charles Vanghan was son of Walter Vaughan, of Pembre, and married Elizabeth, daughter of "Griffith ap Lewis. On this event taking place he is described as of Pen-v-banc Isat, Abergwili afterwards he succeeded to Cwmgwili. GEO. EYRE EVANS. Aberystwyth, 17/5/05. OLD PENSARN AND ITS VICINITY. Mr. George Morris, Allegheny House, Melyn Iveath, has sent us some further particulars, which arrived too late to be included in his letter of last week. He writes I forgot to tell you that, when going through Ixm Hir, after passing through Sir Lewis Morris's wood, you will notice that the field on the right-hand side has a mound in the middle, which is called 'Golwg-y-byd.' I used to hear my father tell that on this mound there was formerly a light-house,' used as a beacon light. He could remember that in his young days there was part of the old building standing. I often heard him saying, too, that there used to be a road crossing a ford by Rhydy- gorse and coming out by Victoria Plance at Pen- sarn, and he described how in his young days, when he was in service at Llangain, thisfoad was always used by them in the time of liming, instead of going round the Town Bridge. If you do not know the course of this road I will send you a rough sketch of it, as he showed me many times the way it used to run." MR. H. C. TIERNEY wishes to add the following note: I take it that the mound to which Mr. Morris refers is the same which I have heard some of the neigh bours calling Cnwc-y-Garn." It is said to have been one of seven beacons which could be lighted on seven hills, so situated that each would be visible from all the others. There are still some traditions at Carmarthen about the road which led to a ford near Rhydygorse. BIBLIOGRAPHY. I In the Welshman for March 17th we gave a list of all the References to Carmarthenshire in the Archfeologia Cambreneis for the years 1884- 1900, as compiled in Mr. Francis Green's Index. Since then we have borrowed the late Mr. Alcwyn Evans' copy of Archdeacon D. R. Thomas' Index to the Arch. Camb. for the years 1846-1884, and from it we have compiled the remaining list. This completes the references to Carmarthenshire as found in that rich mine of antiquarian lore—the Arch. Camb.-ft-otii the very first year of its ex- istence down to 1900. Now, whatever solid work our newly formed Antiquarian Society will do in the way of writing Carmarthenshire's past his- -Wry, it will always be obliged to refer to, and depend more or less upon, what has already been published in the transactions of the Cambrian Archaeological Association. In Archdeacon Thomas' index it should be Doticed that the first Roman numeral refers to the Series, the second to the Volume, and the third figure to the page. But to facilitate matters I denote the volume by the year in which it was printed; and the following table is added to !¡,Ip readers to equate the new system with the old — Arch. Camb.— First Series— Vols. 1 to 9. Years, 1846-9. Second Series— V ols. 1-5. Years, 1850-4. Third Series— V ols. 1-15. Years, 1855-1869 Fcfurth Series— V ols. 1-14. Years, 1870- 1883. Fifth Series- V ols. 1-17. Years, 1884-1900. Sixth Series -Vols. 1—. Years, 1901-1905. Carmarthen Town- The Annual Meeting of the Cambrian Arch. Association in 1875. (1875, p. 387). The Archdeacons of, 1853, p. 70. Austin Priory of Saints Teilo and John. 1875, p. 406. The Black Book of, 1864, 262; 1869, 212; 1874, 173. Sir Stephen Bawcen buried at Carmarthen. Two tombstones sent thither by Edw. I. 1878, 12, 263. Mr. Alcwyn Evans. 1876,58; 1878, 87. Battle Abbey and Carmarthen. 1857. 398. Charters of, 1873, 174; 1878, 87. Chapel of St. Edward. 1875, 403. Chapels of SS Peter and Theodore. 1857, 398; 1875, 404. Early remains at, 1872, 362 (illustrated). Grey Friars. 1875, 403. Grey Friars. Original Documents, 1870. Maridunum or Muridunum ? 1859, 70. Priory of St. John, 1856. 332; 1857, 398. Walls. 1876, 64. If on Roman area, 1857. 217. Bridge. 1858, 212. Henry VIII.'s Act to repair decayed houses in- 1864, 91. Forces at the time of Spanish Armada. 1876, 73. Castle—built by Lord Hugh Mortimer. 1874, 101. Castle—granted to Black Prince. 1873, 161. Castle—William de Londres, Warden of- 1878, 85. Castle-Robert Walerand, Warden of- 1878, 261. Castle—Robert Tibetot, Governor of—1880, 52. Honour of—granted to Gilbert Earl Mare- schal. 1860, 88. Burgesses of St. David's in Pembroke- ought in war time to escort the Bishop of David's with the relics of the blessed David as far as Carmarthen. 1885, 67. If town was constantly inhabited. 1857, 66; 1858, 136. In time of Civil War. 1853, 68. Attacked by Owen Glendower. 1851,113. Place of Bishop Ferrar's Martyrdom. 1855 376; 1856, 263; Bishop of St. David's. 1858, 376 1859, 19. Adam-Abbot de Kermerden.1846, 469; 1876 35 Dr. William Wotton living at Carmarthen with Mr. Lord the Surveyor. 1846, 269. Carmarthenshire- Ancient and modern divisions of. 1856, 114. Lordships in-. 1857, 93; 1860, 293. Boundaries of 1858, 368; 1870, 144. Trade restraints in-. 1871, 244. Land Tax (- £ 450) in the year 1660 in—. 1873, 69. Arthurian localities. 1872, 270; 1874, 89. Discovery of weapons at Pantymaen in—. 1875, 19. 31 Inscribed Stones. 1875, 359 1876, 39; 1877, 138. j Antiquities of—. 1876, 236. Early printers in-. 1876, 238. t Sir John Perrott's Goods in-.1866, 308. Sir Robert Mansel, M.P. for-. 1873, 3o. Lands in, granted by Edward II. to Sir Lands in, Grimth ab HoweL 1878, 298. "Scandalous Ministers in-. 1881, 327. Hoi •semen raised by General Laugharne in —. 1882, 67. William. Lord Herbert, Steward and Chief Forester in-. 1875, 30. Compounders. 1861, 31. M Heraldry. 18f2, 318. Knights of Royal Oak in 1660. 1861, 32. Lost lake discovered. 1858, 107. Early remains in- 1877, 81. Carmarthenshire called a Comitatus by Edw. I 1860, 41. Gower annexed to.1870, 8. Original Documents (afterwards collected and reprinted in book form in 1878) viz., Caermarden Receytes, Valor Benefic. 1871. Caermarden Grey Friars. Caermarden, Petition from, in time of Edw. II. Caermarden Commission in 1343 opened I' at. Carmarthenshire Parishes Plate and Bells in. Gower Commotes transferred from Car- marthen. 1858, 370. Castles— Carmarthen. 1875, 403. Carnwyllan (-Swansea now). 1852, 16. Lordship of 1852. 13; 1856, 275. Carreg Cennen. 1851, 114; 1855, 295; 1857, 335; 1859, 69. Architecture of 1858, 10. Castell Moel. 1875, 105. Dinefor. 1851, 114; 1851, 304; 1875, 413. Captured by Sir Rees ap Meredith. 1862, 282. Dryslwyn. 1847. 233; 1865, 74, 176. 1850, 283. Grant of. 1878, 298. Kidwelly. 1846, 81, 189; 1850, 57; 1851, 325; 1852, 1; 1875, 412. Llandawke. 1875, 413. Llandovery. 1854, 294. Llangadock. 1854, 294. Rhydygors. 1852, 14; 1873, 106; 1880, 116. Inscribed Stones- At Dolau Cothi. 1856, 249; 1878. 321. Ei ndon" Stone. 1857, 318; 1871, 339; 1872, 162. Gellidywyll stone. 1876, 141. Henllan Amgoed stone. 1869, 297. Principal Rhys' Notes on Inscribed .Stones in Wales. 1873. Laugharne. 1876, 195. Llandawke. 1867, 343. Llandilo Vawr. 1858, 345; 1875, 193. Llandyssil. 1856, 143. Llangeler. 1872, 67. Loughor Ogham inscribed altar. 1869, 258. Trawsmawr stone. 1875, 407 ;,1876, 196. Kidwelly- Castle. 1846, 81, 189; 1850, 57. Com- pared with Oyetermouth. 1851, 325; 1852,1; 1875, 412. Built by Bishop Roger. 1878, 84. Charters. 1851, 324; 1852, 20; 1856, 27S: 1857, 1; 1878, 82. Church, 1856, HO; 1875, 411. Families in. 1852, 20. Old house in. 1858, 320. Lordship of. 1852, 3; 1864, 332. Mace. 1876, 182. Priory. Its original document. 1870, 2 7 Roger de Bosenho. constable of. 1863, 16i) Signet ring. 1846, 82. Token. 1852, 223. Tomb in. 1847, 321. Londres de of. 1852, 14; 1868, 346; 1878, 84. Edward II.'s Goods carried off by KidiVoUy men. 1863, 165. Laugharne- Charters. 1878, 99. Church. 1856, 331. Cross. 1876, 194. Inscribed stone. 1876, 195. Llandilo Vawr- Town and neighbourhood. 1858, 427. Annual meeting of Cambrian Arch. AMCC. in 1855. 1855, 292. Cross. 1859, 136. Inscribed stone. 1858, 345; 1875, 193. Llandovery- Antiquities near. 1854, 133. Castle. 1854, 294. Church heraldry. 1854, 207. Loventium. 1873, 113. Roman roads.1873, 126. Talley Abbey- Its Charter and lands. 1879, 161; 1880, 238. Abbot of. 1846, 24. Valor Benefic. Original document of. 1§70 Famous Country Houses— Abergwili Palace. 1875, 414; 1876, 236. Court Henry. 1855, 303; I860, 273. Cwrt Bryn y Beirdd. 1855, 296; 1858, 195. Derwydd. 1855, 296. Dolau Cothi. 1878, 320. Golden Grove. 1847, 233. Talardd. 1855, 296. Parish Churches- Abernant. 1869, 296. Gaio. 1880, 79. Gogofau Gold Mines. 1855, 299; 1878, 321. Cilrhedyn. 1862, 68. Conwil Caio. 1854, 119; 1855, 299; 1856, 321. Prehistoric remains at. 1878, 324; 1879, 4, 55, 178. Cynwyl Elfed. Roman coins found near. 1876, 77. Early remains at. 1877, 81. Eglwys Cymin. 1852, 259. Newcastle-Emlyn. 1855, 214; 1859, 346; 1861, 313. Sepulchral stone at. 1855, 115; 1874, 17; 1883, 251. St. Ishmael. 1860, 337. Llanarthney. 1875, 411. Llanboidy. 1875, 409 Llanddarog. 1861, 248. Llandawke. 1875, 413; 1867, 343. Llanddowror. 1866. 195. Llandebie. 1855, 281. Llandilo Abercowyn. 1857, 308. Llandyfnan (?). 1855, 296. Llanfair ar y bryn. 1873, 122. Llanfihangel Abercowin. 1847, 317; 1856, 332. Llangadock. 1855 307; 1854, 294. Llangan. 1872, 235. Called Llanguen in Buhez Santez Nonn." 1859, 152. Llangathen. 1846, 83, 370 1865, 73. Llangyndeyrn. 1881, 327. Llanstephan. 1846, 466; 1875, 404; 1865, 12:i. Pumpsaint. 1856, 207. Roman remains at. 1878, 320. Tumuli, Cromlechs, British Camps, etc.- Beddau Derwyddon in Carmarthenshire. 1855, 296. Buarth ddu. 1873, 137. Cam Goch Camp. 1853, 262; 1855, 306; 1856, 40; 1860, 97; 1875, 79. Carreg y Bwgi. 1878, 325: 1879, 58. Cilgwyn Maenhir. 1879, 317. Clawdd Mawr. 1875, 407. Craig Twrch. 1878, 325. Crug y Durn. 1875, 407. Dinas Bach. 1873, 136. Dinas Dinoethwy (?). 1877, 332. Grongar Hill. 1847, 233. Hendy Cromlech. 1872, 51. Llech Eiudon. 1855, 64; 1871, 339; 1872, 162. Penygaer. 1873, 136; 1875, 220; 1877, 230. Trawsnant Cistfaen. 1879, 59. Ystrad. Meini Llwydion. 1877. 86. Dolwilym Cromlech. 1872, 133; 1875, 409. Unclassified References- Church restorations by Earl Cawdor. 1856 331; 1881, 87. Cochion Pencarreg. 1854, 119. Battle of Coed Llathen (Llangathenp) 1872, 53; 1858, 246. Golden Grove Book. 1870, 256; 18.51, 338. Estates. 1881. 283. Gwendraeth Valley. 1852, 1. Vale of Towy. 1847, 231. Gwyn of Bryn Kir. 1849, 86. Herbert of Cwrt Henry. 1860, 273. Hirlas horn of Earl Cawdor. 1855, 309. Coin of Maes Gwyn. 1854, 132. Griffith ap Nicholas of Newton. 1865, 21; 1878, 200; 1876, 73. Park y Bulwark. 1859, 309. Penallt Priory. 1858, 320. Record papers re Sir Rhys ap Griffith of Dinefor. 1876, 69. Trebannau. 1873, 137. Vaughan of Golden Grove. 1881, 230. Via Julia Montana. 1854, 130. Williams of Edwinsford. 1859, 272. Ynys y Bordau. 1873, 135 Lord Cawdor's riding horse eaten by the French. 1881, 88. M. H. JONES.
The property is sworn to be of the value of P981 14s. Id. of Mr. John Walter Jones, of Ystrad House, near Llandovery, Carmarthen- s hire, who died on March 23. Probate has been granted to Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Owen, of Gollen House, Llandovery, the sister.
i I AR Hi RTHE i BOhOUiHS^ND THE PLEBISCITE. I I The manifesto issued by the Llanelly ministers in favour of a plebiscite to decide whether Mr Alfred Davies, M.P., or Mr Llewelyn Williams shall be the Liberal candidate for the Carmarthen Boroughs at the next General Election, is having a very mixed reception in the tin- plate town. Both the candidates have agreed to abide by the result of a poll ou certain conditions, one of the conditions in each case being the consent of the Liberal Association or the Radical Council. At Llanelly every Liberal in the town is a member of the Association, there being no subscription and no qualification for membership, except that of holding the Liberal faith. Some of the leading Liberals in the town who are making a IStand for the association resent the inter- ference of the ministers, who they say ought to be the first to back up the party organisation, and it will be somewhat difficult to reconcile them to the plebiscite proposal, though they say that they have no hesitation that the result would favour the association candidate. There are others, however, who, while admitting that the present executive was elected for the purpose of testing the feeling of the constituency in regard to the sitting member, and that the selection was made strictly in accordance with the rules, are appealing for an acceptance of the proposal in order to give unmistakable proof that the association decision is in unison with the wish of the majority of the Liberal electors. There are supporters of both candidates among the ministers, and this wing of the party interpret the ministers' action to mean a desire to prevent discord in the churches as much as to restore peace and unity within the party. I LETTER FROM MR. 1..1. WILLIAMS. Mr. Llewelyn Williams has sent the following letter to the Rev. Iona Williams, Llanelly, on the subject of the plebiscite of Liberal voters of the Ii Carmarthen Boroughs to decide who is to be the Parliamentary champion at the next election :— Dear Sir,—I am in receipt of your letter dated the 18th inst., enclosing a copy of the reply sent by Mr. Alfred Davies through his agent, Mr. Howell, to the ministers manifesto. I am ex- ceedingly sorry that Mr. Davies has not seen fit to accept. the ministers' proposal. Mr. Howell does, indeed, profess to accept it, but it is clear ) that he has either not understood what the pro- | posal is, or that he has deliberately decided to re- | fuse it under a specious form of apparent accept- ance. The ministers suggested a plebiscite of the Liberals of the constituency." I agreed, as far at- I could, to a plebiscite of the Liberal and Labour electors of the boroughs. Mr. Howell declines to accept any register other than the existing register of Parliamentary voters." In other words, he proposes that Conservatives should have the decisive voice in the selection of I' the Liberal candidate. Anything more farcical could not well be imagined. Though the proposal for a plebiscite has, there- fore, fallen to the ground, I hope the signatories to the manifesto will attend the conference of the ¡ Llanelly Liberal Executive and the Trades Coun- cil, which has been convened for next Thursday II night, and at which the whole political situation in the boroughs will, I trust, be dispassionately reviewed. May I in conclusion assure you and the other signatories how heartily I appreciate the motives which influenced you in making your appeal, and express my unfeigned regret that your efforts have not met with a more direct and immediateI; I success. I I am, yours faithfully, I W. LLEWELYN WILLIAMS. I I The Rev. Iona Williams, Llanelly.
aOUNOD'S "REDEMPTION" AT ST. PETER'S, I LLANELLY. I I On Tuesday, 16th inst., a grand performance of the new work, the World's Redemption," was given by St. Peter's Choir, assisted by a large ¡ body of the best vocalists of the town and district, I and accompanied by the Llanelly Orchestral Society, under the leadership of Mr. D. Thomas. The work was dedicated to the late choirmaster of St. Peter's, Mr. J W. Godsell, whose untimely death is so much deplored in the town, and as the I composer, Mr. Valentin Hemery, London, had declared his intention of being present at the performance, unusual interest was taken in the event. The choir, which numbered 200 voices, I was ranged on a raised platform, and as the ladies wore white dresses with a slight badge as a token ? of re6pect to the memory of their late conductor they, in conjunction with the Orchestral Society, presented a very effective appearance. A large and highly appreciative audience assembled to hear the concert, and it is the unanimous feeling of those present tbat?the rendering of the work was one of the greatest musical treats ever given in the town. The choir, of whom great things were expected, quite rose to the occasion, and un- doubtedly the presence of the composer had a stimulating effect upon them, as their singing was quite a revelation to many present, who seemed, by the attention they showed to the music, and by their unstinted applause, to enjoy to the full the j good thing provided for them. The choral sing- ing was remarkably fine, and revealed superior qualities of tone and blend, and attention to light and shade inseparably connected with the best musical culture. The conductor, Mr. J. B. Williams, inspector of schools, handled the choir and orchestra in such masterly fashion that the whole work was per- formed without the slightest hitch, and he is to be heartily congratulated on the result of his ardu- ous labours. The soprano was Miss Winifred Wynne, of the London concerts, eto., and Mr. Ineson, of Hereford Cathedral was the bass, and both did justice to their well-known reputations. Special praise is due to Mr. Richard Thomas for his beautiful and artistic singing, and his solo, Weary and Sad," was one of the gems of the performance. Respecting the contralto, Miss M. Braine, her singing caused a veritable sensation, as never before had such a lovely contralto voice been heard in the town, and the quality and power of expression in it stamp her as one of the greatest singers in the country. If for no other reason, we owe Mr. Williams a debt of gratitude for intro- ducing to us a singer whose performance will ever be remembered with the greatest pleasure by music lovers. Miss Davies performed the duties of accompanist in excellent style. At the close of the performance there were loud cries for the com- poser and conductor, who had to appear on the platform in response to the enthusiastic demands of the audience and performers. In the miscellaneous part of the concert a num- ber of new songs by Mr. Hemery were sung, and met with much acceptance Life's Thanks- giving," by Miss Braine and "Life c, Roses" by Mr. Thomas being received with most favour. A notable feature here was Gluck's "Che faro magnificently sung by Miss Braine, with orch tral accompaniment, and conducted by Mr. Hemery. It is expected that the nett proceeds, which are to be given to Mrs. Godsell, will amount to R50.
SEVERE PAIrl,'SIC, ICNESS, LOSS OF SLEEP, PERMANENTLY CUllED BY MOIfiiR SE-IGEIOS SYRUP. 1\Ir. Walter Bunch, Tobacconist, Snow Hill, Wolverhampton, writing on Nov. 10th, 1904, to the Proprietors of Mother Seigel's Syrup says"The cure wrought in me by Mother Seigel's Syrup has. I am tried to say, proved most thorough and permanent. After twelve yenrs or more I am still in good sound health I a fact which I think proves the worth of your excellent medicine. "I had endured all the tortures of in- digestion-severe pain, sickness, and loss of sleep, wlipn my brother who is a well- known Chemist in Birmingham, advised me to take the Syrup. Where doctors had hopelessly failed Mother Seigel's Syrup speedily and effectively cured, and as I say, that cure has been permanent." You can test the truth of this statement for one penny, by writing to Mr. Bunch, or you can prove for yourself the cirraftic 'ba[ue of Mother Seigel's Syrup for half-a-croTvn, by obtaining a bottle from your Chemist and taking it according to the directions. [234
CRICKET. I CARMARTHEN GRAMMAR SCHOOL V. I MR. E. W. REES' XI. The above match was played on the school ground on II Friday. The following are the wcores :— GRAMMAR SCHOOL. Mr Allen, c Jones, b Llewellyn 31 Mr Evans, c Evans, b Jones 4 Mr Coles, c Evans, b Jones 0 Mr Firth, c James, b Jones 0 Borar, not out 11 Evans, b Heweltyn 7 Marsden, b Llewellyn. 4 Roberts, c Evans, b L,ewellyn u Lewis, b Jones. 1 Richards, b Llewellyn. 1 Thomas, b Llewellyn 0 Extras 8 Total 67 E. W. REES' XI. Dr. W. T. James, run out 0 J. D. Evans, b Firth 3 M. J. Thomas, b Evans. 0 E. Walter Rees, 1 b w Evans 29 D. W. Jones, 1 b w Evans 4 E. Yorath, b Evans. 4 Jack Lewis, not out 2 J. Ll. Davies. c Marsden, b Evans. 0 G. P. Llewellyn. b Evans 7 « Emrys Thomas, run out 0 Carl Jones, b Evans 0 Extras 5 Total. 54 ) CARMARTHEN V. PONTARDULAIS. I On Thursday, 18th inst., Carmarthen met Pontardulais on the Parade ground. It will 1e remembered that last year Carmarthen were the only team who beat Pontardulais during the season, and hence keen interest was taken in the game. The homesters, who were minus seven of their best men—four beinjiat camp—batted first, but did not show to advantage, being all dismissed for 21. The visitors then took the wickets, and Olive and Sharp first bowled for Carmarthen. The for- mer was, perhaps, changed too often to have shown to advantage, and Pontardulais made 70 before being dismissed. Carmarthen did not deserve thus being beaten as their opponents showed no better skill in bat- ting though perhaps they were superior in bowl- ing. SPECTATOR. I
IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT- In the House of Lords on Tuesday, the 16th inst., a debate waa initiated by Lord Coleridge on the question of the importation of Chinese in- dentured labourers into the Transvaal. On be- half of the Government, the Duke of Marlbor- ough pointed out that since the introduction of the Chinese there had been a considerable increase in the number of the whites employed in the mines, whilst the treatment of the Chinese them- selves was characterised by fairness, and their con- ditions of life were excellent. The Marquess of Lansdownej replying to the criticisms by the Arch- bishop of Canterbury and others, stated that the experiment, which was not entered into by any means in a light-hearted manner, had produced the result hoped for by the Government. It had saved the mining industry from total ruin, whilst it had been unattended with any of those sinister consequences which had been predicted by the Opposition. In the Commons'the debate was continued on the Finance Bill, the second reading of which was carried by a Government majority of 56. At the commencement of the evening sitting the discus- sion on the Budget proposals was interrupted in order that the Thames Conservancy Bill might be taken, and the promoters—the Thames Conser- vancy Board-having agreed to certain modifica- tions in their scheme, the second reading of the proposed measure was agreed to without a diris- eion. In the House of Commons on the 17th inst., the Agricultural Rates Act Continuance Bill was passed through the committee stage, the amendment of Mr Lambert to make the Agricultural Rates Act a permanent, instead of a temporary measure, being defeated by a majority of 186. Mr Pretyman moved the second reading of the Government Ships Bill, which, he explained, proposed to make regulations for the proper conduct and discipline of the crews of ships under their charge, and to remove the disability under which they suffered at present of not being able to enter foreign ports. The motion was under discussion when the sitting was suspended. In the evening there was a discussion on a motion moved by Mr Lamont, having reference to the improvement of the West Indian Colonies, which the hon. member, however, withdrew after a sympathetic reply from Mr Lyttelton. In the House of Lords on the 18th inst., the business was of a purely formal character. In the Commons, Mr Keir Sardie asked the Prime Minister whether he was aware that arrangements had been made for a number of unemployed workmen in Leicester to begin a march to London on Sunday next to demand work from the Government, that arrangements were in progress for similar demonstrations from other large centres, and whether, in view of the hardships these men and their families were enduring, he would take the second reading and the remaining stages of the Unemployed Bill at au early date, so as to ensure that the measure should become law this action. Mr Balfour. whilst stating that he had every desire and expectation of seeing the Bill pass into law this session, expressed the opinion that such demonstrations of force as the hon member described were inimical, and not favourable, to the prospects of the Bill. The House afterwards went into Committee on the Navy Estimates, the discussion of which occupied the remainder of the afternoon and the whole of the evening sitting. In the House of Lords on Friday, the business was of a formal character, and only occupied a few minutes. In the Commons, the Land Values Taxation (Scotland) Bill, which provides that the site shall be separately valued from the buildings, was down fur second reading, and was debated for the whole of the sitting. An amendment for the rejection of the measure was defeated by a majority of 14, and the second reading of the Bill—which had been opposed by I the Lord Advocate, speaking on behalf of the Govern- ment was carried by a majority of 20. DISGRACEFUL "SCENES" IN THE HOUSE. I On Monday afternoon the House showed signs of excitement, which later on blazed forth into positive fury. Mr. Soares, a young Radical, asked Mr. Balfour whether, if the present Gov- ernment is in office next year it would authorise the British representatives to discuss with the Colonial representatives the question of mutual preferential trading. Mr. Balfour's renlv waR pointed and direct. Ministerialists cheered. Es- pecially enthusiastic was a little band of Tariff Reformers sitting below the Government gang- way. The Opposition became excited. Mr. T. Lough fired the inquiry whether Mr. Balfour was not bound by a pledge to do nothing during the existence of the present Parliament. I was talking of the Conference and not of this House," said Mr. Balfour. That was the rock on which the Government and the Opposition split. Mr. Balfour's position was that the Government would take no steps to adopt preference in this Parliament, and the Opposition took up the attitude that this meant that the sub- ject should not be debated by next year's Colon- ial Conference-a Conference which will meet in the ordinary course to discuss Imperial questions quite apart from any policy of preference. Then the Leader of the Opposition, spurred on by the vigorous shouts of the men behind him, began heckling the Prime Minister. C.-B.'s" stolid persistency and refusal to understand the situa- tion caused Mr. Balfour to show a touch of irrita- tion. Sir Henry was moved to indignation that while the Government admitted their obligations to the House, outside the House*they considered themselves free to take what action they liked. Mr. Balfour rapped back that, as Sir Henry dis- cussed preference every day on public platforms, surely he was allowed to answer. "Ah!" ex- claimed C.-B. but there is a difference be- tween discussion and inaction." Rapid interjections followed. C.-B. wanted to fasten on Mr. Balfour that the Government whilst doing nothing in the House, desired to take administrative steps outside which would have the effect of committing the country. Ardently Mr. Balfour resisted the suggestion that anything would be done to commit the country. Mr. Lloyd George intruded with the reminder that Lord Lansdowne had specifically declared that prefer- ence would not be submitted to a Colonial Con- ference till the Government had received a man- date from the country. Again Mr. Balfour re- peated that the Government could not bind next year's Colonial Conference or limit its discus- sions. On this C.-B could not restrain his anger. Quivering with wrath, he hurled the charge that Mr. Balfour was departing from the pledge in his Edinburgh speech. A warm repu- diation came. When Mr. Balfour made his Edin- burgh speech he wasn't thinking about next year's conference. What he said, and what he held to was that, in the present condition of public opin- ion, it would be neither possible nor right for the Government to adopt a system of fiscal reform un- 1 less the plan had been submitted to the country. The Opposition were noj- in an uproar. When Mr. Balfour declared that what he said to his party could not be regarded as a pledge to the Opposition, the Radicals scre.a.med. C.-B. pursued him, and each time he rose there was a yell from his supporters. A great cheer resounded when lie asked leave to move thz adjournment of the House to call attention t</ the Prime Mini- ster's statement that preference would he submit- ted to the Colonial Conference in 1906." "I never said that," interrupted Mr. Balfour sharply. ( May be," bawled tifty voices in correction of C.-B. "2\lay be submitted to the conference of 1906 before the country has had an opportunity of expressing its opinion," said Sir Henry in amendment. The whole of the Opposition sprang to their feet. Leave had been granted. The Radicals were noisy with glee. There were little patches of colour on Mr. Bal- four's cheek. He was not pleased with the turn -of things. He sat nursing his chin whilst mem- bers, talking loudly, tumbled toward the Lobby to discuss the situation and prepare for the big debate after dinner. So after nine o'clock the Opposition came down like a phalanx. When Mr. Balfour sauntered in- to the Chamber, lie was greeted with a long- drawn ironical cheer. The Prime Minister gathered his coat tails, and sat down with a smile. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was on the war path at once. His thunder had been carefully prepared. His notes were voluminous. Mr. Lloyd George dashed in with a Blue Book beneath his arm, and Mr. Winston Churchill came with a volume of Hansard. With newspaper extracts and Hansard quota- tions, the Leader of the Opposition aimed at prov- ing that before anything was done in altering our fiscal policy, Mr Balfour had declared there should be at least two elections, one to sanction the call- ing of a Conference and the other to see if the cquntry approved of the decisions of that Con- ference. That preference is likely to be discussed by the automatic Conference next year "C.-B." ascribed to Mr. Balfour the repudiation of a pledge. Toward the end Sir Henry showed signs of excitement. There was a suggestion that the country had been misled, followed by the vehe- ment allegation the Prime Minister had lowered the dignity and character of public life. The Radicals cheered vociferously. Then began a scene of such disorder as, with the exception of the notorious fight on the floor eleven years ago has rarely been witnessed. Mr. Lyttelton, the Colonial Secretary, rose to reply. The Opposition raised yells of Balfour, BaTtour." Mr. Balfour showed no disposition to respond. He lay back smiling genially upon the gentlemen oooosite. The Radicals showed they were intent on having none of the Colonial Secretary. When lie began a sentence they drowned his words with noisy mumbling. The Ministerialists answered with cheers, urging Mr. Lyttelton not to give way. For full five minutes Mr. Lyttelton stood, his hands behind his back, waiting for the hubbub to cease. When the shouting ebbed, he made an endeavour to proceed. Each time he was deluged with shouts of "Balfour, Balfour," "We won't hear you," and Don't be too slim." A Radical member, Mr. John Ellis, jumped up from the back bench. Shaking his fist toward Mr. Lyttelton, he bawled You have no authority." The MinisterialfSts were angered, and showed the Colonial Secretary had authority by giving him round upon round of cheers. The House was packed to its utmost capacity. The air was heated. Party passion was in full swing. It soon began to look as though we were in for an uproarious night. For five minutes without cessation the Opposition' maintained the din by screeching for the Prime Minister, with in- tervening shouts that the House was being in- sulted. "Let him defend his own honour," shouted one Radical. Quietly leaning his elbows on the brass fringed box which guards the corner of the table, the Colonial Secretary looked affably willing to re- main there till his opponents had become silent through sheer over-exertion. The Radicals worked in relays. When one batch showed signs of slack- ening, and the Colonial Secretary thought his opportunity had come, and he began with I would like, Sir," the tumult broke out afresh from another batch. The Opposition were d.etermined not to hear him. Mr. J. W. Lowther appealed to the Radicals to let the Colonial Secretary pro- oeed. "No, no," was the retort. Even the Deputy Speaker himself was interrupted. Mr. I John Ellis stood up again. He was pale with anger. He soon saw that what was sauce for the I goose would have to be sauce for the gander. Ministerialists yelled at him. He gesticulated violently. What he said it was impossible to hear I The Deputy-Speaker beseecKed better conduct. Mr. Ellis got his chance. Can you point to a single precedent," he demanded with heightened ¡ voice, when the honour of a Prime Minister has been challenged, and he has not risen to r»ply?" Mr. Lowther pushed the interrupter aside with the observation that that was no point of order. So r. Lyttelton stood up again. He was ner- vous now; the colour came and went from his cheek. I wish, Sir —and then there came bil- lows of interruption. Sit down, we don't want you," he was told. The confusion was deafening. When it slackened and became a subdued Babel, someone raked a laugh by calling Oh, do speak up!" "I can't hear a word you are saying," came the laughing sarcasm. Again and again Atr Lowther asked for silence. The reply was "Police police," from a little band of riotous Irishmen sitting below the gangway. In vain Mr. Lpwther warned the Opposition that the game they were playing was one which might lay them open to re- taliation. Flushed with excitement Mr Winston Churchill appeared on the scene. If the Radicals were not going to hear Mr. Lyttelton, the Ministerialists were not going to hear Mr. Churchill. A lonrr drawn groan escaped from the tightly wedged Government benches. It was like the rwnble of a stage crowd off." The groans rose and fell like a wave. Mr. Churchill was told to sit down. He buttoned his coat, folded his arms, and scowled upon his enemies. "Oh, call the police," com- mented an Irishman. Suddenly an idea hit the young man from Old- ham. He ran down the gangway, pushed past the lr eaders of the Opposition, and standing on the step of the Chair, began with violent gesture to address Mr. Lowther. The House became a pandemonium. Radicals thought it all a good joke. They Laughed uproariously. Ministerial- ists, shocked at this flouting of authority, protes- ted with vigorous shouts against the proceeding. IL-tving said his say, Mr. Churchill swung on his heel, dashed past his leaders, ran up the gang- way again, and sat down with a laugh of defi- ance. Mr. Lyttelton rose to make another attempt. It was futile. "Balfour! Balfour! Balfour!" came in a surge of yells. Then individual cries, such as play the game!" Send for the Horse uruaids, with the eager voice of the passionate Mr. John Dillon demanding, Are you going to st.and there all the night?" Ministerialists called Chaii-, Chair." They received a stentorian re- tort from Mr. Will Crooks, Order there, among the gentlemen party." The whole scene was a disgrace. In the noise we gathered Mr. Balfour intended to speak, but he was not gong to be forced to speak at a time lie was ntoht e Opposition. Mr. Hoyd-George who managed to obtain a moment's hearing, declared SU the House was entitled to an explana- tion. The Deputy-Speaker, who maintained mar- vellous coolness, observed he had not the slightest doubt the Prime Minister had an explanation, but that probably he was waiting until other mem- bers had taken part in the proceedings. Every now and then, as though from sheer waste of breath, the Opposition showed signs of quietening down. I think, Sir began Mr. ijyttelton. hurriedly, trying to deliver a sentence before his opponents had caught him up. But lie hardly got the three words out before the same mterruptions resounded. Send for the police, and Clear the House," was a suggestion from below the Opposition gangway. Mr .FitzAlan Hope, of Sheffield, who was sitting behind the Prime Minister, called the attention of the Speaker that Sir John Brunner was shouting for the police. Mr. Churchill declared that the best thing would be for Mr. Balfour to make his ex- planation. Oh, send for the police and clear the House," came in disgust from Mr. Dillon fol. lowed by Mr Flavin, who in harsh tones reminded the House he had once been removed by the police, and that it was now the time for someone else to be removed. Mr. Lyttelton stood his ground. He was not. going to be bullied Then came other interruptions, such as The Prime Minister is funking it and "o „ • °U have got the House n" No?t??'? 'D?l Thas hannened for fifty years, screeched Mr. Dillon o f7 botVsideSgAl^V^ dlWraCe' came shouts from boh 8ids. ?hn ?'V'? with leathern lungs 1 rmsed Ius VOIce above the uproar, by insisting ? t?h??t tt? herespons.biityand discredit of the who!e thing rested with the Prime Minister. Mr Low- ther pointed out that it was an unusual thing for the Opposition to dictate the order in which the Government speakers should address the House. "It is a very dangerous thing," he said signifi- cantly. The babel had now continued for a full half an hour without any prospect whatever of a ter- mination. Mr. Balfour regarded the whole pro- ) caedings good humouredly. He shrup-ged his shoulders and smiled. At last- Sir Henry Camp- be 11-Bannerman slowly pulled himself up to the table, I venture to make an appeal to the Prime -Minister, he began. A dozen Ministerialists in- ten uptecl him with the advioo, "Speak to your oni-n party." Then C.-B snapped out that the Prime Minister himself was responsible. Nothing could have angered the Ministerialists so much. 2\1r. Brodrick and Mr. Austen Chamberlain leaned forward in their places and seemed to be rebuk- ing the Opposition leader for his conduct. He" boomed Sir Henry, shaking his finger at the Prime Minister, is the sole cause of any dis- Pi-l iiie -I finic!tcl., ic, the sole cause of -iny dis- order. Mr. Balfour Iaughe<l. His friends thonght it no laughing matter. Name him, name him." they demanded. When C.-B. '? commeHcød a wriggling explanation they called Withdraw "I never meant to say that," pleaded Sir Henry, who had to stand and face a torrent of shouts. Withdraw, withdraw." There was a deafening cheer when Mr Bal- tour—evidently with reluctance—stood Up. He commented on the passion which had been shown. With ringing voice lie said that. never in his whole experience had he known Parliament re- fuse to listen to a. member of the Government, and that if such conduct were persisted in the House of Commons would be absolutely ruined, It is ruined," was the shout, followed by great dris-tf ur, bance. Mr. Balfour, with upraised hand- reminded them it was neither consistent with the rules of the House nor with justice that the criminal in the dock, which was supposed to be his position, should be invited to make his de- fence before he had heard the full accusation. With that he fliing himself back on the Treasury Bench. The Colonial Secretary stood up again with cat- calls and jeers flung at. him. For a full hour up- roar surged around him. Then the Deputy- Speaker jumped to his feet. It was perfectly obvious, he said, the House could not continue. He exercised the right which lav with him in ￼ of great disorder to adjourn the Houw. Ihe H/T ouse now stands adjourned, he pro- claimed in loud tones. Members on both sides jumped to their feet. There was cheering, yells, hissing, and renewed demands for the police. For just a moment it looked as though we might have a repetition of the fight of eleven years ago. Members, how- ever, hastened to the Lohby To talk things over* and the House was up at 10.25. There was an echo of Monday night's scene in the House of Commons on Tuesday. Sir H. Ciimnbell-Bannerman asked the Prime Minister, whether invic-w of the confusion created by the recent declaration of Ministers with re- gard to the fiscal policy, and in particular to the proposed Colonial conference, he would crive a day on which the Opposition might bring forward a vote of censure on the Government Sir William Hart-Dyke (U., Dartford). who was greeted with cries of Order and Sit down," asked the Prime Minister whether, in the pos- sible event of his giving facilities and another dis- cllssion taking place, he would make an appeal to the leader of the Opposition to offer, at all events- some expression of regret for his language. The Deputy-Speaker—I certainly heard a great deal of clamour and noise, but no expressions. which I think could be called insulting reached my ears. The Prime Minister said there were two ministers prepared to clear up any confusion if it existed j and were prevented from doing so by the dis- graceful scene which took place last night (re- newed Ministerial cheers). I did not notice that the right hon. gentleman (Sir H. Campbell-Ban- nerman) took any steps to prevent it. I have no objection to give time for further discussion of the matter provided that we shall have some undertaking that the debate shall take placeunder ordinary conditions of decency and fair-play (loud Ministerial cheers). Mr Lloyd George-Will the Prime Minister give that undertaking himself (Opposition cheers). No answer was given to this inquiry. The consideration of the Finance Bill was re- sumed. Mr Soares (Norfolk) moved an amendment with the object of reducing the tax upon tea from 6d. to 4d. per pound. The Chancellor of the Exchequer reminded the House that he had already substantially devoted his budget surplus to reducing the tea duty by 2d. This motion would sacrifice a further £ 2,250,000 of revenue. He could not possibly agree to it. Eventually the amendment to reduce the duty was rejected by 217 to 177 votes, a Government majority of 60. Clause 10 of the Bill, fixing the tea duty at 6d. was then carried by 215 votes to 157. On Clause 2, which provides for the oontinu- ance of the additional customs duties end draw- backs on tobacco, beer, and spirits, as provided by the Finance Act of 1900, Mr. Flynn (Cork, N.) moved to amend the clause by adding a proviso That the additional duty of 4d. p- pound imposed by Section 2 of the Finance Act, 1900, shall not ftpply to unmanu- factured tobacco imported into Ireland after July 1, 1905." The Chancellor of the Exchequer said that trusts and great combinations would, doubtless play a greater part in British trade than hereto- fore, and it would be necessary for the Govern- ment to watch their growth carefully, and pos- sibly to take steps to prevent a great private trust becoming a great public danger. But he did not think the condition had arisen yet. The proposed amendment would be frangly protective of Irish manufacture, and the Government was not prepared to accept a proposal of that kind. Mr. Flynn's proposal was negatived by 236 votes to 97. On the motion that Clause 2 stand part of tho Bill, Air. Lough (R., West Islington) moved the omission of this Clause altogether, on the ground that it re-imposed all the war taxes on beer, spirits, and tobacco. The Chancellor of the Exchequer was astonished to find this sympathy with the brewers from hon. gentlemen opposite (laughter). His budget this year was a non-contentious budget, but he was quite certain that if he had proposed to relieve the brewers by a remission of duties on beer, the Opposition would have objected (hear, hear). As regards the future, he would not prophesy, but in the present year he thought it was obvious he could not dispense with these additional duties. The clause was confirmed by 237 votes to 160- a majority of 77.