CARMARTHEN AND CARDIGAN RAILWAY COM- PANY. A meeting of the shareholders of the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway Company was held at the offices of the Company, 4, Great Queen-sireet, Westminster, ou the 20th instant, at which the following Directors were present:— J. R. Lewes Lloyd, Esq., chairman of the Company; the Hon. W. H. Yelverton, John Lloyd Davies, Esq., M.P., J. Propert, Eq. and amongst the shareholders were John Parry de Winton, Esq., the senior partner of the firm of Messrs. Wilkins and Co., bankers; J. Tolley, Esq., &c. Captain Lloyd presided. The Chairman briefly addressed the meeting on the po- sition of the Company, and referred to the report about to be laid before them as containing all such information as under the circumstances they were prepared to lay before the shareholders. The notice convening the meeting was read by the Se- cretary of the Company. The following Report of the Directors was then read :— Report of the Directors to the Third Half-yearly General Meeting of the Shareholders of the Carmarthen and Gar- digan Railway Company. In accordonce with the intimation contained in the Report presented in August last, and which was adopted by the meeting of shareholders, your Directors have had a survey made by Mr. Brunei, and have deposited a Bill for deviating the line between the Myrtle Hill Station and Llandyssil. This deviation will so much economise the construction as to enable the Company to diminish the capital from £ 300,000 to £ 200,000. The bill has already passed standing orders, and no op- position is anticipated to its progress. "The Directors have procured payment from Mr. Fitzwil- liams of the £ 8.000 for which a verdict was obtained at the last Summer Assizes, and also of X4,000, the amount of the deposit upon his shares. "They have also pursued their claim against the other shareholders in arrear, and are taking active measures for discharging the obligations of the Company, and placing the finances in a satisfactory position. A balance sheet is appended to the Report, showing the moneys already received and expended. So soon as the bill shall have passed, the Board hope to make arrangements for the immediate construction of the line. 11 (Signed) JAMES R. LEWES LLOYD, Chairman. "4, Great Queen-street, Westminster, 20th Feb., 1856." Mr. de Winton stated that before the Report was adopted he wished to be informed as to the necessity of making the deviation, as mentioned in the Report. Mr. Lloyd Davies, in reply, stated that it was with a view to save expense and to accommodate the town of Carmar- then. Mr. de Winton expressed himself satisfied with the ex- planation, and then enquired as to the estimated cost for procuring the act in the present session for the proposed deviated line. Mr. Baxter, the solicitor to the Company, stated that the total expense could not be named at present, as it depended upon whether there would be any opposition to the bill. Mr. de Winton then said he wished to be informed for himself and other shareholders as to several items in the balance sheet laid before them, and the cause of so large an amount being expended in advertising, &c. The Hon. Mr. Yelvtrton informed Mr de Win'on that these expenses were incurred before Mr. Lloyd Davies and himself joined the board, but that having been incurred they had no alternative but to pay them and that for the future the strictest economy would be used consistent with the proper working of the Company Mr. de Winton, upon looking through the balance sheet, said he found a sum of money charged for Directors' tra- velling expenses, and enquired what the amount was for. The Chairman having gi\en a satisfactory explana- tion, Mr. de Winton asked if the Directors had charged any- thing for their attendances, or whether their services were gratuitous ? Mr. Lloyd Davies stated that up to the present time they had not received anything for attendances, nor for the present did they intend taking anything, until the bill now before Parliament had received the Royal Assent, and the construction of the line commenced. Mr. de Winton enquired as to the further liabilities of Company, and called upon the Solicitor to state whether proceedings were taken against the defaulting shareholders for the payment of their calls now in arrear. On being assured by Mr. Baxter (the Solicitor to the Company) that every exertion and great vigilance was being used in adopting legal measures against the share- holders now in arrear, and that no exception would be made in favour of any shareholder, Mr. de Winton expressed himself perfectly satisfied with the explanation, and proposed "That the Report of the Directors be now received and adopted," which was se- conded by J. Tolley, Esq. J. R. L. Lloyd, Esq., and John Propert, Esq., the teUno? Directors, having offered themselves for re-election, Mr. de Winton moved, and Mr. Tolley seconded, "That the re- tiring Directors be re-elected." Messrs. Clifton and Tolley were elected Auditors for the shareholders. 0 On the motion of Mr. de Winton, it was resolved that the best thanks of the meeting be given to the present Directors of the Company for their exertions.
j- J'" .¡. LLANELLY LOCAL BOARD OF HEALTH. The usual fortnightly meeting of this board was held on Saturday last, in the Town-hall, when the following mem- bers were present—Messrs. Ben. Jones, in the chair, R. T. Howell, R. Glascodine, David Morris, R. B. Jones, and J. R. Cook. Mr. R. T. Howell read the resolution passed at the last meeting, requesting Mr. Ben. Jones to act as vice-chairman in the absence of the chairman. Mr. Jones acceded to the request, and commenced the business of the meeting by reading the minutes of the last, which were verified. The vouchers then ordered for pay- ment were examined and found correct. The balances in the Treasurer's hands appeared to be f328 Is. 5d. The minutes of the Sanitary Committee were read and confirmed. The plans of Mr. Thomas for a house to be erected in Hall-street, were approved. The Surveyor was requested to prepare amended esti- mates of the drainage near the Custom House, and report on the drains at the Wern and Cilwrfa. The minutes of the Estate Committee were read and confirmed. The Surveyor submitted plans and estimates of the sug- gested spring doors and raised seats for the Town Hall. Mr. R. B. Jones objected to the raised seats being con- structed. He thought it would spoil the appearance of the hall. Mr. R. Glascodine also objected, when it was resolved that the Estate Committee should consider the subject, and report upon It as there existed a difference of opinion. The minutes of the Highway Committee were read, from which it appeared that the Collector's books having been examined, showed that 19 3s. of Highway Rate, and £ 22 3-1. 5d. of Special District Rate had been collected since the last meeting. Mr. Buckley, by the permission of the Chairman, said that he had seen in the reports of the local papers, state- ments which had been made respecting an encroachment at Goring Bridge, which he was prepared to deny, having made no such encroachment as represented. He had two or three witnesses who were prepared to prove the assertion. When he dug the foundation of his brewery, he sent for the Surveyor, and pointed out to him the boundary of his pro- perty, and a member of the Board also saw the foundation. The Surveyor at that time stated .that he had not gone within two feet of the boundary. Mr. Thomas, builder, said that Mr. Buckley sent for the Surveyor two or three times to inspect the boundary, and the Surveyor stated that he might come further out into the read, as he was not near the boundary in any part. Mr. Buckley said he also had another witness, who was unable to attend through illness. It appeared to be the impression that he bad given and taken but this was not so. If he had not been quite sure he would not have sent for the Surveyor. The Chairman said the Surveyor might state what he thought of it, but the matter had come before the Highway Committee, and it was a part of their duty to report upon it, and it was also in the reports of the Clerk and the Surveyor, which had been laid before them. Mr. Buckley said the report had been published, and he considered they unj ustly reflected upon him. The road was not a public one, and he should like to know on what ground the Board were proceeding with the question. The Chairman asked the Surveyor some questions, when Mr. R. B. Jones objected to the course as being irregular, and he thought the surveyor should not be so questioned. Mr. Buckley observed that w hen erecting the building he did not consider it a highway. A bridge had been built over the river, and two houses erected, but he did not think that a reason why he should give up his property. Mr. R. B. Jones said it was a case on which they wished to obtain Counsel's opinion. Mr. Buckley thought that if a case was going for Coun- sel's opinion the Board should be put in possession of the true facts. There were statements made which were not correct. Mr. R. B. Jones said he did not consider the statements incorrect, and thought the accusation improper and un- courteous to the Board; besides, they were not bound to believe Mr. Buckley's opinion to be correct. The Chairman said they had certain public duties to perform, and as this question emanated from the Highway Committee it had better be referred to them. Mr. R. T. Howell thought it would be better to give special instructions to the committee to deal with the ques- tion. Mr. Buckley said it was strange the building should have been erected three years without any objection until now. He merely came before the Board respectfully to correct what he considered a wrong statement. There was also an intimation that he had appropriated a sluice belonging to the Board; but it was not so. The sluice was a new one made by Mr. Thomas, the wood of which was entirely new. Mr. Thomas confirmed this statement, having made the sluice himself. Mr. R. B. Jones again objected to this mode of proceed- ng, as being highly improper. The Chairman said that the reports which had appeared iwere the views of the individual members, and the Board was not responsible. Mr. Howell observed that this was liD open court, and any ratepayer had a right to attend but he thought pre- vious notice should have been given in this case. Mr. Buckley said he felt obliged to Mr. Howell, and if that course had been suggested to him he should have been glad to do so, but he was not aware that it was necessary. He considered- that the course he had adopted was the --1.. 100_ fn htm Mr. R. T. Howell suggested that any one having a com- munication or complaint to make to the Board should write to the Clerk. The Chairman then read a letter from M. C. W. Nevill, in favour of a Mrs. Gulstone who applied to the Board for the remission of her. rates, she being a widow and having a son sixteen years of age who was a cripple, and unable to earn anything. In answer to the Board, Mr. Isaac, the collector, stated that he believed her incapable of paying the rates. The Board granted her application. The following cheques were drawn, and the meeting djourncd :-Gas Company, t32 5s.; J. Downing, L8; Mr. GaUot, 112 Us.; Welshman, Ll Ils. Michael Griffin, £1 16s.; B. Thomas, E,5 6s. Jonah Davies, less £ 5— £ 25 Knight & Co., printing, 92 17s, &c.
"I'. "I'l?'ll" "I" "r" HAVERFORDWEST CHARITIES. A meeting of the trustees of Sir John Perrott's Charity was held at the Council Chamber on Wednesday last. Trus- tees present—Messrs. William Owen, James Higgou, John Phillips, William Rees, and J. R. Powell. The following letter from John Harvey, Esq., was read 5, Victoria-place, Haverfordwest, Nov. 8 185.i. MY DEAR SIR,—May I beg you to be the medium of offering to the trustees of Sir John Perrott's charity the accompanying portrait of that noble knight whose memory should be held in such high respect by every inhabitant of our ancient town and county of Haverfordwest. Believe me, my dear sir, yours most truly, James Summers, Esq., JOHN HARVEY. The chairman said he had much pleasure in presenting the likeness, which was a copperplate engraving on a small scale, neatly framed and glazed, taken from the original painting in the possession of Sir John Pakington, Bart, M P., the present proprietor of the estates of Sir John Per- rott in this county. Mr. Rees moved, that the thanks of the trustees be given toMr. Harvey, for his munificent gift, and that it be sus- pended in the Council Chamber, as a memorial of the gallant knight whom it represented, and who had been such a liberal donor to the town of Haverfordwest. Mr. Phillips seconded the motion, which was carried unanimously. The treasurer produced his accounts from the 11th of April last, to the 20th of February inst., which were audited, when a balance of jE66 10s. 2d. was found to be in the treasurer's hands. It appears that the arreared of interest upon the two bonds for L300 and E200 given by the water commissioners for money advanced to them by the trustees of this charity, had not been paid, amounting together to Z215. Mr. Powell then proposed that application be made to the water commissioners for immediate payment of the interest due. Mr. Higgon seconded Mr. Powell's motion which was carried nem con. The sale of Wolesdale lands to Lewis Mathias, Esq., having been confirmed by the charity commissioners for such a sum in consols as would produce the annual income to the charity of J670 per annum, the transactions was to be completed to-day, but some difference arose as to the proportion of the January dividends on the stock invested by Mr. Mathias, to be repaid to him, he being entitled to the rents of the lands from Michaelmas only. After some discussion as to the terms of the contract, it was moved by Mr. Poweli, and seconded by Mr. John Phillips, that Mr. Mathias be allowed a proportion of the half-year's dividend due in January last, on the stock in- vested by him on the 9th of November last, from the 5th July last up to the said 9th November, less a due proportion of the rents of the purchased premises at jE70 per annum, from the 29th of September last to the said 9th of November last. Mr. Rees moved an amendment to the effect that Mr. Mathias was not entitled to a portion of the dividends under the terms of his contract, inasmuch as he was entitled to the reiiti ond profits of the purchased estates from Michaelmas, and did not invest his purchase money in the funds until the 9th of November last. The amendment not being seconded, the original propo- sition was carried. It was ordered that application be made to the trustees of the Tabernacle chapel and the owners of the garden adjoining, for permission to widen the street there, and that if such consent be given, that the same be carried out by the committee appointed for widening the streets at the expense of the trustees. Mr. James Lloyd, carpenter, was appointed surveyor of the charity property, to perform all the ordinary work re- quired to be done by a carpenter, in the repair of houses, &c., under the superintendence of the committee, at an annual salary of X7. Orders were made for payment of sundry demands, and the meeting broke up. HAWARD'S CHARITY. A meeting of this charity took place on the same day. Tiustees present—Messrs. James Iliggon, William Owen, J. Ll. Morgan, William Rees, John Phillips, Geo. Rowe, and Thomas Rowlands. The charity consists of an annuity of £20 per annum, ehsiged upon the Manor of Merton, in Surrey, under the will of the donor, and which was directed by him to be ap- plied towards the augmentation of the revenue of the hos- pital of Haverfordwest where he received the first part of his education. Down to the year 1819, the annuity was regularly paid to the chamber-reve of the corporation, who distributed the same amongst poor burgesses and burgesses widows in sums of forty shillings each, but in that year payment of the annuity was discontinued, and in the year 1814 the corporation instituted proceedings in the Court of Chan- cery, to recover payment of the arrears. In 1827 Mr. Tate, the owner of the property charged, paid up all arrears amounting to X170, and the suit was therefore not pro- ceeded with, but after such payment had been made, Mr. Tate's solicitor served the London agents of Mr. James Phillips, the then Town Clerk, who conducted the suit for the corporation with a notice not to pay the money over to the trustees of the charity, on the ground that Mr. Tate had paid it into his own wrong, and was not liable to the payment during the life of a Mrs. Dorrell, tenant for life of the property. Mr. James Phillips accordingly retained the money in his own hands until the year 1835, when it was paid over to the treasurer of the corporation, less the sum of j6124 9s. 5d. retained by him for costs of the suit. The corporation, although the payment of the annuity was stopped, continued to pay the old recipients of the charity the accustomed donation down to the year 1833 and it appears that their payments to the recipients alone amoun- ted to £31193. beyond their receipts, (after giving credit for the E170 so paid to Mr. Phillips,) besides the sum of iCI24 Os. 5d. paid to him as costs in the suit, making together 1156 8s. 5d. overpaid by the corporation. In the year 1851, an information was again filed in the Court of Chancery by the Attorney General, against Mr. Tate, to re-establish the charity; and in November, 1853, a decree was pronounced, directing payment of six years' arrears of the annuity, and ordering the future payment thereof by the defendant, Mr. Tate. The corporation having claimed to be repaid by the trustees the amount of their advances on account of the charity the latter applied to the charity commissioners for their direction in the matter, who advised that the claim could not properly be entertained by the trustees until the right of the corporation to be reimbursed, for those advances should be legally established, And this meeting was called for the purpose of considering the matter and administering the funds in hand, when a request was made by the corporation that the trustees should apply to the charity commissioners for permission to pay the sum o-f 173 19s. 2d. the balance of arrears of the annuity received from Mr. Tate to the corporation, in dis- charge of their claims for payments made. Mr. William Owen, the chairman of the meeting, said it appeared to him that if the corporation had not adopted, those proceedings which cost them X124, the charity would have been lost to the town, and in justice, the corporation should be repaid. Mr. Rowlands asked if the matter had not been submit- ted to the charity commissioners for their opinion. Mr. Owen: Yes, and they say we cannot pay unless the claim be legally established. Mr. Rowlands Can that be done ? I place myself under the guidance of the charity commissioners, and whatever they direct I am prepared to act upon. Mr. Rowe enquired how the corporation would be repaid the difference between the amount advanced by them and the zC73 19s. 2d., which they asked for, assuming that that sum were paid to them ? Mr. Rees said, the payment for law costs amounted to £ 124 8s. 5J., and the proceedings so taken resulted in the recovery of the arrears of the annuity then due, and whilst the corporation were seeking to establish the charity, they actually paid to the recipients i31 odd more than they ul- timately received. They now say to the trustees as you have 2d. in hand, we are willing to take that, and to forego the difference. They do not ask us to do anything illegally, but to make application to the charity commissioners for their consent to the payment being made. Mr. Rowe moved that application be made to the cha- rity commissioners for their permission to pay the corpora tion the sum of £31 19s., amount paid by them to the alms-people. He thought it only fair and just. Mr. Owen seconded the motion. Mr. Rowlands moved that the year's annuity of E20 be distributed amongst the inmates of the lower alms-honse, in compliance with the advice given by the charity commis- sioners. Dr. Morgan But how, as our nominees or nominees of the council ? Mr. Rowlands: As our own nominees—the council cfave nothing to do with it, they are divested under the Muni- cipal Act. Mr. Owen said the trustees had no option in the matter -the old women were in the alms-house, and the money must be distributed among them. Dr. Morgan said it was a matter which should be dis- cussed, as this was their first meeting. Virtually the transaction would be that of distributing so much money amongst the nominees of the council. Mr. Rowlands: Of course it would if the corporation were allowed to have their own way-the black coat affair for instance. It was ultimately agreed that the sum of 920 (less char- ges fur books, &c.,) should be distributed amongst the inmates of the lower-almshouse. NICIIOLL'S CHAItITY.-Tiie I-ame gentlemen, as trustees of this charity, distributed the sum of S6, the income thereof, amongst puor women residing in the parishes of St. Mary and St. Martin.
_n- The prisoner Mochan who was at the last quarter Oessio-is of the county of Pembroke, convictcd of breaking into a house at Begelly, and sentenced to six month's imprison- ment, was on Friday last liberated from prison by an order from the Secretary of State, who. it appears, on the facts of the case being fully stated to him in the form of a petition, prepared by prisoner's attorney, Mr. William _petition imd done wrongi n
THE SUICIDE OF MR. SADLEIR. I ADJOURNED INQUEST. On Monday morning the adjourned inquiry into the cir- cumstanccs connected with the death of Mr. John Sadleir, M.P., for Sligo, was held before Thomas Wakley, Esq., the coroner for the Western Division of Middlesex, at the workhouse, Hampstead. Mr. Manning, the solicitor, at- tended to watch the proceedings on behalf of the relations and friends of the deceased. Mr. Manning said he would state the course he would suggest for adoption. The letters that had been ordered to be produced were now brought forward in pursuance of the coroner's summons. Mr. Keating produced the letter* addressed to him, and the letter addressed to lrq. James Sadleir by Mr. Sadleir, was also present. He (Mr. Manning), under ordinary circumstances, would sugges- lhat these letters should not be read but, considering the nature of the inquiry, he should not press that objec- tion. Mr. Anthony Norris, of 2, Bedford-row, solicitor, who was examined on the last occasion, was recalled, and stated that he left Mr. Sadleir a little after eleven o'clock on Saturday night. He remained with Mr. Sadleir half an hour, during which time he received a telegraphic message from Dublin, relative to the affairs. of the bank. It did not appear to make any deep impression upon his mind. He read it and threw it over to witness to read. The letter witness now produced is in the handwriting of Mr. Sadleir. The Coroner-Be kind enough to produce that letter. Mr. Norris said that before he did so might state that he had taken the advice of counsel, who had recommended him to put in a copy with the names of certaiu persons mentioned struck out, more especially as those persons had nothing to do with the inquiry. The Coroner-I must have the original. The letter was handed in. The Coroner having looked over it, said every word of it should be read, except names of certain parties who were ment ioned. Several of these persons were said to be ruined by the villany of Mr. Sadleir and if they were not quite ruined, the publication of their names would com- plete their misery. Mr. Norris then read the following letter:— Saturday night. I cannot live. I have ruined too many. I could not live and see their agony. I have committed diabolical crimes unknown to any human being. They will now ap- pear, bringing my family and others to distress, causing to all shame and grief that they should have ever known me. 1 blame no one but attribute all to my own infamous villany. and hundred others have been ruined by my villany. I could go through any torture as a punish- ment for my crimes. No torture could be too much for such crimes, but I cannot live to see the tortures I inflict upon others." J. SADLIEH. Telegraph to-and others when you read this." The Coroner-did Mr. Sadlier say anything to you about any property he had received on Saturday ? Witness—No, but he told me that some shares had been sent up to his house. The Coroner—Did he say what had been done with them ? Witness—Yes, he said he had them there. Mr. n. Keating, M P. for Waterford, was next called. lie said he was most intimately acquainted with the late Mr. Sadlier. The last written communication he received from him was on last Saturday week about eleven o'clock in the morning. He received two letters. He saw him in the City about five o'clock the evening before. It was at the offices of Messrs. Wilkinson, No. 2, Nicholas-lane. There was a great deal of excitement about him, in con- sequence of the failure of the Tipperary Bank. He heard in the morning that one of Mr. Wilkinson's firm was going to Dublin, but he did not know that it was anything in connexion with Mr. Sadleir's affairs. In justice to himself, he (witness) felt bound to say that it was a very painful thing for him to be compelled to produce the letters as he looked upon them as private and confidential. The Coroner said that it was in evidence that in all pro- bability these letters were written after halt-past 11 o'clock on Saturday night, and were probably amongst the last acts of the deceased. The Coroner, after looking at the letters, said he saw the names of two persons mentioned their names should not be mentioned unless they wished it. He saw one of those gentlemen in the room, and as the letter acquitted him of any blame or participation in Mr. Sadleir's frauds, probably it would be as well that the names should be read. I Ir. Keating, after remarking that the names of the gen- tlemen should be mentioned, read the first letter, which was as follows:- "Feb. 16, 1856. "Dear Robert,—James sent me over his title-deeds of Coolnamuck and Kilconnell. I have not used the deeds in any way. I gave Gurney a letter from James, entrusted to me by him, which J. Gurney had sent to him. This letter cannot be acted upon by J. Gurney without my brother's express authority. J. SADLEIR. R. Keating, M.P." T. Uzeilli has a bank bill, E2,000 on which nothing i. due. It should be at once cancelled. If, on Monday, the bank is to be saved, t8,200 must be paid to East Kent Railway for £2 orders £6,200 and the 12,000. Y,2,000 must be paid into Glyn's, to meet order at sight issued to-day. At Carrick, Gurney knows the orders falling due on Thursday. All are advised, save the one for £ 6,200 in my favour. This must be taken up on Monday, not being advised. I cannot live. Ili. S." Mr. Keating then read the sesond letter, which was as follows 1, Glo'ster^kerrace, 16th February, 18.56. Dear Robert,—To what infamy have I come, step by step, heaping crime upon crime, and now I find myself the author of numberless crimes of a diabolical character, and the cause of ruin and misery and to disgrace to thousands, aye, tens of thousands. Oh, how I feel for those on whom all this ruin must fall! I could bear all punishments; but I could never bear to witness the sufferings of those on whom I have brought such ruin. It must be better that I should not live. "No one has been privy to my crimes. They spring from my own cursed braiu alone. I have swindled and deceived, without the knowledge of any one. Stevens and Norris are both innocent; and have no knowledge of the fabrication of deeds and forgeries by me, and by which I have sought to go on in the horrid hope of retriev- ing- It was a sad day for all when I came to London. I can give but little aid to unravel accounts and tran- sactions. There are serious questions as to my interest in the Grand Junction and other undertakings. Much will be lost to the creditors if these are not fairly treated. The Grand Junction, the East Kent, and the Swiss Railways, the Rome line, the Coal Company, are all liable to be entirely lost now, so far as my assets arc con- cerned- 11 I authorise you to take possession of all my letters, papers, property, &c., &c.,in this house and at Wilkinson's and at 18, Canon-street. Return my brother his letters to me, and all other papers. The prayers of one so wicked could not avail, or I would seek to pray for those I leave after me, and who will have to suffer such agony, and all owing to my cri- minal acts. Oh, that I had never quitted Ireland. Oh, that I had resisted the first attempts to launch me into speculations. "If I had less talents of a worthless kind, and more firmness, I might have remained as I once was, honest and truthful, and I would have lived to see my dear father and mother in their old age. I weep, and weep now, but what can that avail. "J. SADLEIR." Mr. Keating, on reaching that part of the letter which related to Mr. Sadleir's father and mother, cried bitterly, and a profound sensation was created amongst all present. He said he had received a letter from Mrs. Sadleir (a sister- in-law of the deceased), enclosing the letter which Mr. Sadleir wrote to her the day before he died. It was as follows James is not to blame. I alone have caused all this dreadful ruin. "James was to me too fond a brother, but lie is not to blame for being deceived and led astray by my diabolical acts. Be to him at this moment all the support you can. "Oh, what would I not suffer with gladness to save those whom I have ruined. My end will prove at least that I was not callous to their agony." A telegraphic message which was received by Mr. Sadleir while Mr. Norris was with him on Saturday evening, was handed in. It was as follows :— Telegraphic message from James Sadlier, 30, Merion- square, South Dublin, to John Sadlier, Esq., M.P., Reform Club, Pall-mall, London. All right at all the branches, only about a few small things refused her. If found X20,000 to X30,000 over here on Monday morning, all is safe." The Coroner- Who is in possession of the house in Gloucester-place Mr. Keating—The servants under my direction. The Coroner-It was said in evidence on the last occa- sion, that there were three letters to Mr. Keating. Mr. Keating—One was for Mr. Norris when he sent the other two. The Coroner—When yon saw Mr. Sadlier at Messrs. Wilkinson's was anything said about deeds ? Mr. Keating—I don't recollect. Mr. Josiah Wilkinson of the firm of Wilkinson, Gurney and Stevens said-On Saturday Mr. Sadlier came and spoke to me about some business. He was in a state of great excitement about the Tipperary Bank. He came to me on Saturday week last, and suggested that I should raise some money to help the Tipperary Bank, and he showed me some letters he had received from Ireland, on the subject of its wants. He had several plans and schemes by which he thought I could assist him in raising money. I told him I could not assist him, as his schemes were not such that I could enter into. lie then became very excited. He put his hand to his head, and said if the Tipperary bank should fail or stop it would be entirely owing to him. That if it failed it would be the ruin of hundreds and thousands. He walked about in a very excited state. He urged me to try to help him. It ended in this, that I was unable to as- sist him in the plans he had for raising money. Mr. Stevens went over to Dublin at my suggestion to register a deed which I had received from Mr. Sadlier. The Coroner-Did that deed turn out as you expected ? Witness—No. The Coroner—Was it a forgery ? Witness—Yes, it was The Coroner-I have been informed that some money which was in Mr. Sadlier's pocket is missing. Witness-I don't know anything about it of my own knowledge. The Coroner-IIave you heard anything about zCI,350 ■ A,,| which is Witness—I have heard so. I am told that such a sum was paid to him that afternoon, but I know nothing further about it. I may add, that since his death I attribute the excitement he displayed in IUJ office partly to the failure of the Tipperary Bank, and partly to my having insisted j upon sending over my deed for registration in Dublin thit night.. The Coroner—Have you any other property of Mr. Sadlier's in your possession ? Witness—Nothing but some papers and plans of little or no use. I may explain how it was I came to have the deed. lie frequently asked me to pay sums of money for him, which I did, and he paid me back, and sometimes fresh money for other purposes. When the sum in which he became indebted to me became large, and as he wanted fresh advances, I asked him for some security. He gave me the deed I have spoken of, and when I found the Tip- perary Bank was in difficulties, I determined to register it before it could be claimed by the creditors. It purported to be an estate under the Encumbered Estates' Court. The Coroner-Was it se;,Ied ? Witness-- Yes, with the seal of the Court. The Coroner—And signed ? Witness—Yes, by two commissioners twice signed, and twice signed by two witnesses. The Coroner- Were the signature genuine ? Witness—Neither of them. The Coroner—Was the seal genuine ? Witness—Yes, the commissioners admitted it. I assume that it was taken off some other document. In reply to further questions from the coroner, Mr. Wil- kinson said he had seen in print that there were a great many forged deeds in existence, but he had not heard of any of them. He had seen a great many of iNIr. Sadlier's j lately, and they were all genuine except that which he un- fortunately possssed. He did not think that matters were so bad as Mr. Sadliers's letters seemed to imply. The Coroner said it would be a question for the jury to consider, whether Mr. Sadlier did really commit the exten- sive forgeries and frauds alluded to, or whether they were mere delusions. The question with regard to property was was very important for if Mr. Sadlier destroyed himself in sound mind, all his property, his goods and chattels, would be forfeited to the Crown. Up to the present time he (the Coroner) saw no signs of insanity but if it could be proved that these documents were written under the delusion that he committed villanies which he never committed, that would be positive proof that he committed suicide in an unsound state of mind. It was due to the deceased, his friends, and to the public at large, that there should be a further adjournment. The Jury expressed themselves desirous of further evi- dence upon this point, and after some discussion the inquiry was adjourned for a fortnight. (From the Times.) Death is the last punishment which the justice of man can award to the greatest criminal. When the moment of enforced agony is over, and the guilty spirit is dismissed to the judgment seat above, there is an end of all vindictive- ness and all animosity. There must, however, be no con- fusion of the eternal difference between right and wrong— no maudlin palliation of great crimes, because the best among us have often tripped and sometimes sinned. Let us at least abhor vice if we do not always avoid it. Let us, indeed, be sterner critics upon ourselves than upon our fellow-creatures; but no false commiseration or com- plaisance should bind us to silence when a country is startled with the rumour of a great crime because the cri- minal has expiated his guiit by a violent death. Our rea- ders must have already perceived that we are speaking of the suicide of John Sadleir. It is not for the purpose of denouncing the individual, nor of giving additional puh- licity to his disgrace, that these observations are intended. The fact of his violent and horrible death and the history of his crimes are alieady so notorious that nothing we could say could add to his dishonour. If we remark upon the tragical end of his career at all, it is as a protest against that fearful spirit of speculation which is the vice of our times; it is that others may see in his frite something akin to that which awaits themselves when they are driven to the end cf their shifts and contrivances-when they have exhausted the suggestions of cunning and the resources of crime. The bankrupt's despair, the felon's cell, the cold bed of the suicide on the damp moor, must be reached at last, the fitting termination to a life only supported by the plunder and miery of others. John Sadleir does not stand alooe in his guilt and in his shame. The criminal records of the last year can show the names of men who stood as high or higher in the world's eye, but of which we now forbear to speak, from very pity for their fallen estate. Hundreds, we fear, of persons in this metropolis, and in the large mercantile towns of the kingdom, are engaged in the same perilous traffic. It needs but a reverse and an opportunity, and why should they hesitate to follow in the footsteps of the most keen-witted and unscrupulous of their predecessors ? The proceedings of the adjourned coroner's inquest, which we publish this day, do not throw much additional light upon the nature of the embarrassments which drove John Sadlier to despair. Letters of his, written a few hours before he sallied out on his fatal expedition, were produced, but they inform us of little beyond what was already known. This is their general tetiour I cannot live. I have ruined too many. I could not live and see f their agony. I have committed diaboiical crimes unknown to any human being. They will now appear, and bring my family and others to distress shame, and grief that they should ever have known me. I blame no one, but attribute all to my own infamous villany. Such, as will be seen by our report of this day, is the general tenour of these letters, which are written in a spirit bordering on distraction. It is, however, sad to know that the self-accusations are not the mere suggestions of a diseased brain. It is true that the writer was guilty of diabolical crimes it is true that he has swindled and forged to a fearful extent it is to be feared-as he himself says—that he has been the cause of permanent misery to thousands of unoffending people. Let us not deceive ourselves, nor, out of false pity for the wretched author of all this sorrow, endeavour to palliate the atrocity of his act. If the heinousness of crimes be measured by their consequences, the man who carries disaster, if not absolutely ruin, into a hundred families is stained with deeper guilt than the mere ruffian who attacks life. The report is that, when the full extent of his vil- lanies is known, it will be found that, in one form or another, he has swindled the public to an amount little short of half a million. It would seem marvellous to those who have not been under the unfortunate necessity of watching the course of modern speculation how a man who, probably, started in the world without any fortune at all could involve himself and others to such an extent. In Sadlier's case, however, it must be considered that, in- dependently of the ordinary resources of the speculator, he was enabled, from his official position, to commit many crimes without fear of an immediate discovery which ano- ther man could not have attempted without instant detec- tion It would be as yet premature to suggest any precise estimate as the limit of his defalcations. When a man is in a position to forge title-deeds, railway shares, and mortgages to an indefinite amount, there need be little limit to his operations. lIe is also charged with having fraudulently assigned away deeds held in trust by him to an enormous extent. As a forger he seems to have been re- markably successful, and it is said that the signatures of the Irish Encumbered States' Commissioners have been so skilfully executed that no one, however familiar with their handwriting, could distinguish between the forgeries and the genuine signatures. At the close of last week it was added that many forgeries on private individuals had been already made out, and that the discovery of many more was anticipated. On the whole, this seems the greatest crash made by any single Individual in recent times. We purposely avoid dealing with what may be called the "picturesque" features of this remarkable case. We have no wish to dwell upon the despair of the detected forger, and his last ghastly walk to the heath where he was about to lay his life. Burglary and murder have been interest- ing" ere this, but let nothing of this kind be attempted now. We would wish to hear the crimes of John Sadleir spoken of with wholesome and universal abhorrence, but let even indignation si)are his unhonoured grave; let there be no morbid dwelling upon the last scenes of his life nor upon his closing agony. He has already appeared at the bar of that Almighty Judge before whom we must ail of us one day stand; to that tribunal let him be left. If words of ours would avail, we must deprecate all further and un- necessary prying into the secrets of the family even by the Coroner and his jury. It is surely proved that John Sad- leir died by his own hand, being unable to hear the shame of exposure and the consequence of his crimes. What has the public to do with the distracted letters addressed by the suicide to his relatives in the last moments of liisea- eer ? One sentence from these contains the whole moral of his guilty life and tragical death:—Oh! that I had ?.S's'? </<e?/?<!?<?/'?<0 ?<?C/t me /? ?CC!?<<OM! There are many of the English public who would do well to lay seriously at heart the dying words of John Sadleir. (From The Times City Article.) The undertakings with which Mr. Sadleir was chiefly connected were the Royal Swedish Railway, the East Kent Railway, and the London and County Bank. lIe was also greatly interested in the Tipperary Joint-Stock Bank, of which his brother, the member for Tipperary, was chair- man, and he also acted as receiver, or agent, for some Irish landlords. Urgent inquiries are consequently being made as to the special nature of his transactions in relation to each of these bodies. As regards the Royal Swedish Rail- way, of which he was the chairman, it appears to have been ascertained without doubt that he has issued an im- mense amount of the shares and obligations of the compa- ny without authority, aithough with genuine signatures. Whether he has put forth any which are forgeries seems not yet to have been clearly established. The capital of the company is 1416,071, in £5 shares, on which it enjoys a guarantee from the Swedish government of 4 per cent. in- terest and 1 per cent sinking fund, aud the shares are pay- able to name or to bearer, at the option of the shareholder. A considerable number were forfeited for non-payment of calls, and some time back, in order to avoid unnecessary sacrifices, the company obtained power to raise XIOO,000 on debentures or obligations. They required the signatures of two directors and the secretary, and Mr. Sadleir, having obtained possession of the unissued quantities for the pur- pose of completing them with his signature, seems to have got rid of them in the Stock Exchange, or in any quarter where he could raise money. The nominal amount thus made away with is reported to range between £ 200,000 and £ 300,000, although probably the advances he received upon them were not more than a fourth or a third of that total. The actual extent of overissue will, it is expected, be speedily made public, the directors having instituted an inquiry, which has been carried on by Messrs. Broom and Co., the accountants, and the results of which will be com- municated to a general meeting of the shareholders, which has just been summoned for Friday next, at the London Tavern. With regard to the East Kent Railway, it is stated that, with the exception of some arrears of calls, Ir. Sadleir is not directly indebted-to that undertaking. In his capacity of deputy-chairman, however, he induced the board to de- posit £ 8,000 of their unemployed capital with the Tippera- ry Bank on deposit notes, which fell due at the beginning of last week and were dishonoured. In the case of the London and County Bank it is affirmed that no loss whatever has been sustained. Mr. badleir was chairman of that coui- 1 — P.. a aVI"pnt. nnon suffi- cient securities. Many reports having been in circulation to a contrary effect, it is understood that, in order to remove all doubt on the subject, the three new directors, Messrs. Nicol, Iloghton, and Laming, who were last week added t.) the bonrd, having required that the securities in question should be examined and reported on by some independent solicitor, assisted by the solicitors of the bank, and that a resolution to that effect was passed on Tuesday, afternoon. The validity of the deeds held by the company from Mr. Sadleir is stated to have been fully tested by registration. In relation to the Tipperary Joint-Stock Dank, it appears that this establishment was promoted by Mr. Sadlier in 1838, its head office being at Clonmel, with eight branches in the district. Although it paid dividends at the rate of 6 per cent, it seems to have ma(e no return of the number of its partners, the amount of its shares, or its paid up capital, and, with the exception of one or two families, the share- holders are said to be persons of limited means. The fami- lies in question are alleged to be fully able to meet the claims that will fall upon them, but it is probable that the ruin or distress which will nevertheless be inflicted in this quarter was among the chief causes of the pain and self-re- proach described in Mr. Sadlier's letters. The most serious features of fraud remain still to be adverted to-namely, those committed by means of his opportunities as agent for the landed estates of noblemen and others, and also by direct forgeries of title-deeds. The trust property made away with is supposed to be extremly large ,and many deplorable circumstances are likely to arise in this part of the history, the full scope of which will pro- bably never come before the public. At present many of the sufferers are themselves ignorant of the position in which they stand, and most likely several months must elapse before all the actual facts can be unravelled. As respects the forgeries of title-deeds from the Encumbered Estates Court, it is satisfactory to be able to state that only two cases have thus far been discovered, although very general inquiries have been made by some leading solicitors in Dublin. IN one of these, so far from the forgery having been perfectly executed, the attempt is described to have been such as could not for a Illouent deceive the eye of any Irish solicitor conversant with the practice of the Court, sinoe it was deficient in no less than four requisites, one of them being a certificate of the Commissioners for payment of the purchase money. The other case was a conveyance of part of the Portarlington estate, which was probably in better form. Beyond these cases it is questioned if any will be found.
I A NEW MARTYR. It is three hundred and ten years since the death of Luther, and we find the persecuting principles of Popery the same no,.v is they were then. In the last few months the cases of Zezule, confined in a mad house in Prague, since twenty-two years, on a account of his Protestant faith, and of Ubaldus Borzinsky, the author of the remarkable letter to the Pope on the immoralities in the monasteries in Austria, confined in Gortz, in Illyria, in order to prevent his carrying out his intention of joining the Protestant Church, have been brought before the public. That the Roman Church should persecute those who wish to leave her communion can surprise no one; and that she equally persecutes those who wish a reIormät ion of her ritual and principles, is also a characteristic of this false Church. The circumstances connected with the forcible expulsion from Rome of the Abbe Laborde, on the evening before the promulgation of the decree respecting the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary, on account of his protest against the same, are well known. The last number of the Obseroateur Catiiolique, a periodical edited by pious and learned Catholics opposed to this doctrine, and to the infallibility of the Pope, gives us an account of a new martyr, Braulio Morgaez, of the Order of the Dominicans, doctor of theology and formerly professor of theology in the University of Alcala de Hendres, in Spain. Dr. Morgaez is confined in Madrid for having written a work against the Immaculate Conception, under the title: "Doctrinal Judgment upon the Pontifical Decree of December 1, 1854." In a letter dated the 22nd of last month from Madrid, he writes: On December 14th, I was imprisoned by order of the vicar of the archbishop, declared by him suspended from every priestly office, placed under the guard and care of a priest of this house of St. Vincent-de-Paul, and who is, I am informed, although wearing" the habit of this secular order, a member 01 the Order of the Jesuits. Neither my age, which is sixty- j six, neither a paralysis from which I suffer since four years, neither the cold which reigns in my cell and is very injurious to my health, have had auy weight with the archbishop's vicar. I requested to be transported into a hospital, and even into a regular prison, where I should be better off than here, but no attention has been paid to these requests. No judgment has been pronounced against me, and yet the clergy cry with all their might, that I am a heretic, worthy to be burnt, and worthy of the flames." This old man further writes: "Let us suffer for the holy Church of God in opposing the profane novelties that men would introduce, and whose portrait the apostle has depicted in 2 Timothy iii. Let us put on the armour of faith which is not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds The last words of Dr. Morgaez in a postscript to the letter, are "Consider me as a victim destined to death. However painful the recital and reading of such facts as the foregoing are, yet there is this consolation, that they prove that Gospel truth is beginning to show itself more openly in Spain, and which facts already known corroborate. A Spanish advocate has lately published a work similar to that of Dr. Morgaez, which has not been prohibited, but is sold openly for the Popish clergy cannot so easily put down a layman as one of their own order, and from what we know of the present religious state of Spain, we doubt not that there is great truth in what Dr. Morgaeza writes Many think as I do, but they venture not to raise their voice, fearing the tyranny of the ecclesiastical authorities."—Christian Times.
Major General Sir James F. Love, the Lieutenant Governor of Jersey, suddenly left that island for England last week, in consequence of a despatch received from the government. The prospectus has been issued of another joint-stock bank to be called the West Metropolitan, with a capital of ?300,000, in £ 100 shares. Lord Torrington is the chairman, and it is proposed to undertake the business of army and navy agency as a distinct department. THE RUSSIANS IX Asi.A French merchant has just arrived here from Triflis, by the way of Alexandropol and Kars. It appears certain that the Russians are preparing to invest our city in the spring. They are already occupied in disciplining the Armenian and Georgian levies. The regular army of the Caucasus consists at present of about 80,000 men. Of this 10,000 are in Tiflis, 10,000 are stationed so as to serve as a protection against Schamyi, 10,000 watch the army of Omer Pacha, and the remaining 50,000 are close to ourfrontier, under the command of General Mouravieff. In addition to these forces they will have in the spring 20,000 new troops, more or less d iscipliiied. -Letter from Ju"~eroc.m (Jan. 29 ) LOIDON "GUINEA MEN."—London nourishes swarms of men who get themselves appointed on boards of direc- tors, for the sake of the guinea fee received at board meetings. In a recent trial in the Court of Queen's Bench, some one was named as an East India merchant." Ob, no," said a witness, he's only a guinea man." Impostors like these, in high places, are the curse of public companies. JUSTICES OF THE PEACE.—A bill introduced by Mr. Colvile and Mr. II. Seymer (to come to operation on the 1st January, 1857,) enacts that no person shall be capable of being a justice of peace unless he possess an estate in land of the clear yearly value of -EIOO, or unless he be entitled to such an estate in right of his wife, or unless he possess an interest in personal property of E300 a year, or derive £ 300 a year from an office or pension under Government, or unless he possess a mixed qualification of E300 a year altogether. 1:50 is the penalty for acting as justice of the peace while not duly qualified, to be recover- able in the County Court. This act extends not to peers, members of the Privy Council, judges, eldest sons of peers, or eldest sons of persons qualified to serve as members of the House of Commons for a county or riding; nor does it affect certain office holders. Attorneys, solicitors, and proctors are especially disqualified to act as justices of the peace duringjthe practice of their profession. ELEGANT Aurs Fon LADIES.—With this very attrac- tive title a new book has just appeared, which every father should forthwith place in his daughter's hands. It treats upon every art and accomplishment, and is supetbly illustrated throughout, many of its pages containing several beautiful engravings. Altogether, a more useful or elegant book does not exiss, price 3s. 6d., richly gilt. As a companion volume in elegance, we may mention a new Edition of 11 Bechstein's Handbook of Cage-Birda" (price 2s. 6d.) which should be bought by all who keep birds, or happen to feel interested in feathered favourites. Another book of rare merit is just ready, called the Wife's Own Book of Cookery," the possession of which will secure a good dinner with the most slender means. Over 250 descriptive illustrations adds to the utility and value of this work, which also contains above 1500 ori- ginal receipts for dishes that may be got up in any house- hold, price 33 6d. These are suitable gift-books, the presentation of which, under any circumstances, must be truly acceptable. Published by Ward and Lock, 150 Fleet Street, London. DIPLOMATIC Gossip.-We believe we may state with coondencethatonthe conclusion of peace Count Madem will be appointed as the representative of the Court of St. Petersburg in London, and that Baron Brunow will be accredited as Russian Minister at Paris. We announce that his Excellency Count Colloredo, the Minister of Aus- tria, is about to terminate his diplomatic relations with the Court of St. James. His Imperial Master requires, we un- derstand, his Excellency's services in another scene of surpassing and enduring interest, and perhaps, we may add, difficulty. We will not dwell on the subject at this moment further, but only express what we are sure will be the general feeling of sorrow that English society is about to be deprived of the presence of an eminent individual who, throughout his career in this country, has by his integrity, his truthfulness, his thorough gentlemanlike qualities, endeared himself to all classes. Some have at times complained that Count Colloredo was unnecessarily reserved. We do not recognize the truth of this objection but we are sure that all must acknowledge that no foreign Minister ever yet entered in our circles who has conducted himself in a more irreproachable manner, and who will leave us more honoured in our memories.-Pre-ys;
THE CRIMEA. CRIMEA, Feb. 10. The northern forts still keep up their fire upon Sebas- topol. The gun-boats, which had been at Kinburn, have re- turned to Kamiesch fur repairs. An order of the day, issued by General Coiirington from lialaklava, warns the English oHicers to provide themselves with equipment, in order to be ready for marching. The English army appears very eager for the continuance of the war. MARSEILLES, Feb. 23. The Thabor has arrived from Constantinople her dates are-from the Crimea, the 12th Constantinople, the lith instant. The despatches will be forwarded. The firman conceding their rights to the Christian sub- jects of the Porte has been signed, and will be speedily published. On the 11th of February Foit Alexander (in Sebastopol) was blown up and entirely destroyed. In the Crimea the weather was mild, and the health of the troops excellent.
TURKEY. PRESENTS FROM THE SULTAN TO THE EMPRESS EUGENIE AND QUEEN VICTORIA. MARSEILLES, Feb. 23. By the Thabor, which left Constantinople on the 14th, Aali Pacha has been charged by the Sultan to transmit to the Empress Eugenie and Queen Victoria two diadems in brilliants. -Besides the horses, of which mention has already been made, the Sultan has also sent to the Emperor Napoleon, a sabre, mounted with precious stones.
PERSIA. MARSEILLES, Feb. 23. Mr. Murray has taken the direction of Bagdad. THE PERSIAN ARMY MARCHING ON HERAT. PARIS, Saturday. The Russian Journal of the Caucasus states that the Persians are marching on Herat, and are concentrating at Aderbeidjam an army which has become necessary for their defence against the English.
I FRANCE. ) PARIS, Feb. 22. The question of the article of the Steele inserted in the Moniteur, and of the paragraph in the Constitulionnel of yesterday, stating that the official journal had committed a mistake, is assuming more importance than people sup- posed. A Cabinet Minister has, it is said, threatened tO resign, and the editor of the Constitntionnel, no doubt an equally important personage, has actually done so. I have already alluded to the subject more than once, but, as the matter is looked on in a serious light, I think it proper to give you the latest, and, as I am assured, the most correct version. It appears, then, that some days back The Times published an article containing certain statements which were believed to induce the inference that the Emperor was inclined to lean towards Austria, and perhaps Russia, during the conferences. The article produced a consider- able, and by no means an agreeable effect on the mind of the Emperor. It occupied his thoughts for a day or two, and at one moment it was expected that a semi-official communication would notice the remarks of The Times. Before any resolution was adopted, an article appeared in the Siiele which was intended as a reply, and which dis- puted the probability of an Austrian, much less a Russian partiality. A few days after another article appeared in the Siiele, pulling to pieces the Russian pleading of the Journal des Debats, The reply to the Orleanist journal was manly, spirited, and patriotic but there were some paragraphs which were considered to be of a revolutionary colour, and which, moreover, advocated the restoration of nationalities." The matter was talked over by the Em- peror with the Minister of State, M. Fould; and he ex- pressed his desire that the article of the Siiele should be inserted in the non-official part of the Moniteur. Now, the article meant by the Emperor (so, at least, the story goes) was not the "nationality" one in reply to the Bcbats, but the previous one in reply to The Times. It was, however, the former which was inserted it produced no small effect on some of the newly-arrived plenipoten- tiaries, and it was followed by a fall at the Bourse. It is the misfortune of the Minister of State that people will believe, in sp:te of all you can say to the contrary, that certain things which occasionally appear in the official, journal are not there by accident. I think the opinion is unfounded, but so long as a member of the Cabinet is be- lieved to continue a connexion with the great banking firm of the same name, no small portion of the public will be liable to draw erroneous conclusions. The Emperor was much annoyed when he saw the article of the Siiele thus paraded about by the Moniteur, and, as it were, adopted by the Government, and which could not fail to give offence at such a moment as this. The editor of the Constitution- nel was informed on enquiry by another member of the Cabinet that it was by mistake the Moniteur produced the obnoxious article; and, though the former had no autho- rity for publishing that fact, yet, believing that he had, he inserted this denial in his paper. On seeing this denial, M. Fould, whose authority is supreme over the Moniteur, got angry, and threatened to resign if a contradiction to the contradiction of the Constitutiounel was not inserted in the Moniteur. The counter-contradiction was inserted, which censured the Constitutionnel, and the result is that its principal editor has thought it his duty to resign. PARIS, Feb. 24. M. rrokesch, the Austrian Internuncio, has forwarded from Constantinople a memorandum of his views concern- ing the organisation of the Principalities, which subject will be discussed at the Congress if the main objects of the treaty are first agreed upon. It is also possible that a revi- sion of the Vienna treaty of 1815 will occupy the attention of the Plenipotentiaries, in which several articles exist which subsequent events have rendered absurd.
RUSSIA. BERLIN, Feb. 25. A Cabinet courier has arrived here with despatches for Count Orloff at Paris. Another Hussian courier is expected. An Imperial ukase permits the importation of salt into Russia by the Austro-Moldavian frontier and Odessa, on payment of a duty of 19 kopecks per pood. A letter from St. Petersburg, of the 13th, in the Consti- tutionnel, says Nothing positive is publicly known on the subject of the private instructions given by the Emperor Alexander II. to Count Orloff, but the general report is, that the plenipo- tentiary, although he represent^ the old Russian party, has received orders to make every concession compatible with the honour of the country, and not to annoy the Con- ferences with difficulties of detail, which cannot be solved when amours propret? are concerned. The Czar is said to have observed on this occasion, Set aside the inflexibility of principles of an old policy, which, after two centuries, requires a change and so long as guarantees incompatible with the honour of the Russian flag shall not be demanded from you, do not hesitate to agree to some necessary sacri- fices. I give my approval of them beforehand. I moreover know that I have confided the defence of the interests of the empire to one of its first warriors, and that they will be well defended I feel assured that you will not go further than is proper. My desire to pacify Europe is sincere— very sincere. Second it; for we sow seed for the future." Such are, I will not say the textual, but a summary of the general instructions given by the Czar to his representative at the Peace Conferences. The widow of Marshal Paskiewitsch is still ill. She is preparing to return to Berlin, where she only came to see her husband for the last time. The Empress-Mother, Fedorowna, is suffering more and more from a complaint which has baffled all the skill of her medical attendants. For the last few days in particular her nervous attacks have become very violent. Yesterday the Imperial family were thrown into alarm by one of those violent periodical attacks which the enfeebled constitution of her Majesty cannot long resist. It is, however, hoped that the atten- tion she receives will tend to falsify the prediction of the august patient that she shall not live to see the anni- versary of her husband's death. The illness of the Empress-Mother has put an end to all the Court recep- tions, and to the rejoicings which followed the marriage of the Grand Duke Nicholas. All the members of the Im- perial family are plunged into deep affliction by seeing the complaint of her Majesty making such rapid progress. Two general officers have just been sent off, one to the Crimea, and the other to Asia. The Emperor heard with astonishment that, notwithstanding his adhesion to the propositions of Austria, the generals in chief of the two expeditionary corps continue the contest with fresh vigour. It is said that the mission of these generals is to moderate this warlike ardour.
i PREPARATIONS FOR DESTROYING THE SUNKEN RUSSIAN S ii ips.- A letter from Inkerman of the 7th, in the Fresse iV Orient, says Preparations are now being made for the total destruction of the Russian vessels sunk in the harbour of Sebastopol. This operation, some persons say, will be performed by throwing very heavy shells, so that they shall drop perpendicularly on the vessels, and by bursting knock the vessels in pieces. These vessels, however, must be by this time half destroyed by the sea-worm, the teredo novalis, which is peculiar to the Black Sea. In order to J give an idea of the ravages committed by this little insect, I may mention the case of the English steamer Gertrude, which has never quitted the Black Sea since the commence- rnentof the war. She has been employed in the service of the port for the daily wants of the army. The captain lately received orders to return to England, but he replied that in consequence of the ravages made by this worm on his vessel, she was not in a fit state to undertake the voyage. I This insect finds its way between the copper and the bottom8 (j of the vessels, and then eats into the wood. The English have sought a remedy for the evil, and have made experiments on the Caradoc, the Banshee, and the Telegraph. One side of their bottoms have been covered with a ￼ ? -,? and 1 the other left in its usual state, ?k(?-Liid of giira, and ,er ,t certa i n time the latter part was covered with a layer of what resembled moss, and the vessels answer the helm better on one side than I I I on the other. "use experiments, however, were not com- plete, as the above vessels have not remained constantly ia tbe Black Sea." ii