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CARMARTHEN, FRIDAY, JUNE 25. THE CANDIDATES FOR SOUTII WALES. 1-4 vÁ1.1.1 J..j') Ju 1 .1.L..L 1. Our columns present several addresses from various candidates for the suffrages of the electors of South Wales at the ensuing election. Of thone who offer themselves as the friends of the people— the advocates of progressive reform in our Insti- tutions—and base their claims to support upon the encouragement they have given to Liberal measures, we have comparatively little to say. They are all tried men and true," and, with one exception, will be re-elected without opposition. The only contest in South Wales with a view to unseat a Liberal member is in the Cardigan boroughs, where a Mr. Harford, of Bristol, has had the temerity to oppose that faithful and honest Reformer—Mr. Pryse Prysc, who for a quarter of a century has been the honored and worthy re- presentative of a grateful and admiring consti- tuency, distinguished no less for their enlighten- mcnt than for their firm and resolute adherence to the sacred principles of Liberty and Justice. That Mr. Harford has the most remote chance of duping and enslaving the electors to whom he has issued his stupid and unmeaning address, we most unhesitatingly, and on the best authority, deny. No! the men of Cardiganshire are too proud of their present representative—who has served them so long and so w en—to exchange him for so great a baby in political science, and withal, so inveterate a bigot—so uncompromising a Tory and monopolist, as this said Mr. Harford. He can oal.. hope for a few interested votes in Lampeter and Canlignl, and even these he would not have if the electors could be protected in the ex- ercise of their franchise. Shame upon the sys- tem which gives to men of influence and pro- perty the power of imprinting "tmitor 1" on the sotili of the wreixmed victims over whom they can exercise their cruel and detestable tyran- ny Mr. Harford is induced to come forward for the Cardigan boroughs because, forsooth, he has considerable property in Lampeter, and some oilier parts of Cardiganshire, and things that he has "a right to do what he likes with his Gum!" He has, however, been badly advised, and not- withstanding the absence of the ballot, will be sent home to his banking-house in Bristol, with his purse a little lighter, and his ambition a little humbled. So much for Mr. Harford: but what has become of Lieut. Col Copland, of Sloane-Street, London! A gentleman with this formidable name and appcnd-ge offered himself to the electors a fortnight ago in the Torv interest. He had been o'nlh{l by some wag to publish an address to them in the Carmarthen Journal, which we would have whipped our printer's devil for composing, and which, en passant, we have some authority for attributing to a higher personage in our cotem- poravy's office; but Lnut, Copland has slunk hack, like n, frightened cur, wic1¡ his tail nerwo.cn his legs, into his former insigiufican* nnd mys- terious existence in Sloane-Street 0 icorpora, 0 mores alias, Terrible times for the Tones But ire must pass on to observe that, although j there can he; no doubt of the privic'ples of all the Liberal candidates, yet we are somev.-ha!. sur- prised at ihe fetal absence of allusion to the great questions which agitate the country, and winch have obliged Ministers to appeal to flee people, in •every adlt-ess which has emanated from them, with the single exception of that of Sir J- J. Cutest. Mr. Child has, moreover, declared himself an advocate for a fixed duty on corn, but lie is a new j candidate. The omission has doubtless been mad e, > either inadvertently, or with a ne1'- to perspicuity; but we call upon *he e'octovs to demand from the hustings a full, e-ear, and explicit avowal of the opinion? of the. c:-V(id:d,ite* for representing them in Parliament, on the great question of monopoly, or no monopoly. This is a crisis almost unex- ampled in our history tens of thousands of our artisans (upon whose manufacturing industry the greatnessofour counuy mainlydepend.s)arefamish- j i'1" for want, of'food; our trade is paralbcdbv prohi bitive and unjust laws and our commercial great- ness is rapidly passing away: moreover, our agricultural labourers are ill-pud, and conse- quently, ill-fed; and our yeomanry arc impo- verished by grasping and insatiable landlords, who pretend anxiety for both the interests of labourers and tenants by upholding a law in which they themselves alone arc interested, and of which it has been correctly said that it was "born in violence and baptized in blood"—a law which starves the labourer and affords no real protection to the farmer—a law, in short, whose sole object is to afford protection to the land- owners at the price of injustice to all the other classcs of the community. The Queen and her Ministry have taken the side of the People—have declared their determination to exterminate this hydra-headed monster, MONOPOLY; and electors of South Wales, it is in consequence of this noble resolve, that you have now been appealed to ;— let not the opportunity, therefore, be disregarded: 'make those who offer to represent your opinions where alone they can have weight and influence, speak out; make them declare their sentiments on the great questions which are now agitating the country so that you may know whether they accord with your own. Mr. Child's determination to go to the poll has thrown the Pembroke Tories into great conster- nation, and we are assured that there is evcry prospect of his ultimate success. The consti- tuency of these boroughs have borne the yoke of bondage long enough to feel its galling effects, and if they do not avail themselves of the oppor- tunity which they now have of asserting and establishing their independence, their degradation will be complete. To them we would apply Mr. O'Connelhs favourite couplet:— Hereditary bondsmen, know ye not Who would be tree themselves must strike the blow." We musi hasten to bestow a passing notice on the only Tory addresses which express an opinion on the great measures of commercial reform proposed by Her Majesty's Ministers—those of Col. Trevor and Viscount Emlyn. The former candidate, after alluding (in a most ungrammatical piece of compo- sitions what he is pleased to term "the reekless and unprincipled attack" which he says the Government are endeavouring to make on the agricultural inter- ests, goes on to say that he is also strongly opposed to their "project of allowing slave-grown sugar to compete upon more favourable terms with our own free-grown commodity. 0, the canting hypo- crisy of these heartless and unprincipled Tories! In 1833, the Hon. Geo. Rice Trevor voted against the emancipation from slavery of the hapless sons of Africa: in 1841, to serve the base and malevolent purposes of his party, he can become the apparent friend of the negro, and whine and cant about the introduction of slave-grown sugar at something less than a prohibitive duty, whilst he consumes numberless other articles of slave produce with- out one gentle admonition of his tender conscience! "0, shame, where is thy blush ?" What does the Hon. Geo. Rice Trevor say to the fact that we lose £ C>,t)90,000 per annum bv the protective duties vr h ieii force us to buy sugar and coiTec from our I colonies ? How would he propose making up the deficiency of nearly £ 2,000.000 in our revenue? Doubtless, by additional taxation, or by sup- porting the expedient Sir Robert led in the advocacy of the very measures now proposed by our enlightened Goverrw.ent! Then; is some senseless allusion in the address we are commenting on to the necessity of continuing the differential protective duty on rotten and worthless Canadian timber, which we will not waste an obser- vation upon. But what does the Hon. George Rice Trcvor think of the fact that within the last two years 4,000,000 of quarters of wheat have been imported at a duty of from Is. to 2s. per quarter ? How can his unbounded philanthropy—which all but oozes out in crocodile tears at the thought of lowering the duty on slave-grown sugar—be hushed into silence when he knows that tens of thousands of the slaves of his withering monopoly arc pining for want of food in the land of his birth, and his sliding scale denies them bread until corn has risen to a famine price? Perhaps he quiets his easy conscience by endeavouring to believe that the price of corn governs the rate of wages. Stupid sophistry! the experience of nearly thirty years proves the contrary to be the case. It has been shewn, by a nice and convincing calculation, that when corn has been at the highest, wages have been at the lowest. What docs he think of the undeniable fact that in America, where wheat is 30s. a quarter, labourers can earn 4s. a day, whilst in Ireland, where wheat is GOs, a quarter, they can get but No falsehood is more naked than the assertion that dear bread brings high wages. But, perhaps the hon. gentleman will fall back upon his tenants, and talk of the ruin of the farmer. Now, there can be no doubt that a total repeal of the corn laws would oblige the land- owner to be less rapacious, and let his farms at fair and reasonable rents; but the fixed duty pro- posed can never have this effect, desirable as it would be. The amount named by Ministers is no doubt taken as the minimum, leaving a committee of the House of Commons to fix the proper sum, which would probably be 11)". or 1 lis. Ten shil- ¡ lings per quarter wonld not injure the landlord or tenant: the average cost of the importation of foreign corn being 45s., would prevent its being" sold (with the duty of 10s.) at less than GOs. a quarter, or 7s. G(1. a bushel (Winchester). But it is needless fo multiply facts: the Hon. Mr. Trevor, and every thinking man, knows as well at we do, that the Ministerial plan lor reforming our com- mercial code is founded oa common sense, jnstíLe, and humanity; and that whichever party may govern the destinies of this mighty empire, the measures which have sent Mr. Trevor back to his constituents, and which arc now agitating the whole kingdom, must, ere long, become the law of the land. We have only space to make one or two comments on the address of the noble Viscount, the candidate for Pembrokeshire, who sucked in Toryism with his mother's milk," and has evcr since been fed on Conservative pap. The only subject he alludes to is the Corn Laws, but he acknowledges the mutual dependence of the agri- culturalist and manufacturer on cach other. We point him, then, to the alarming state of our ma- nufactures, the result of our unjust and impolitic commercial regulations as to the importation of corn and other commodities of foreign produce. In 18.18 the Custom-house returns showed the value of goods sent abroad to amount to C exported increased nearly 11 per cent., us toil him that, the value increased less than three per cent. In otner words (t Las been correctly observed) the manufacturers were uuncUcd to submit to a reduction of seven per cent., or above four millions of money, in the value of t hese goods in two }cars but a vast quantify of their goods still remain unsold in foreign markets. Let it be borne in mind that this increased quantity of ex- ported goods has arisen from inability to sell them at home, not from an increased supply—it has arisen from more poverfv, not from more pro- I t ductioii. What say you to this, my lord? We should like to have your opinion. These facts are indeed stubborn things, and we are doubtless right in supposing that yon would "rather be excused," than called upon to express your sentiments on so grave a subject, with which you are evidently unacquainted. V> e have only to add. in order to complete our sketch of the candidates for South Wales, and their pretensions, that Lord Harloy, Lord Oxford' son, has come forward for Radnorshire in the Liberal interest, and that there is little doubt of his re- lieving Sir John Walsh from the future repre- sentation of that county.