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.-------RURAL LIFE. ;".....-
RURAL LIFE. BY A SON OF THE SOIL. A NEW HANDYMAN'S TOOL. The hint of which I give an illustration is so ingenious and yet so simple that it is marvel- lous one has never heard of it being put to prac- tical use before. It is another idea for which I am indebted to our ingenious American cousins. The device must, of course, be carefully made, and then it will enable one with accuracy to de- termine the centres of round bars, discs, and, in fact, any object of a oircular form. A piece of square brass rod about eight inches long is bent to form approximately a right angle. both legs being of equal length. A strip cf brass (A) is soldered to the ends of the legs. Equidistant be- tween points X Y make a mark B. Another brass strip B of same size as A is soldered in place as shewn, being careful to have edge C exactly on the line B and over the angle D. Fig. 2 shews TO FIND CEXTRES IN EORJTD WOTI. tnefhod of using the devicc. Simply place it on the end of the bar or shaft; make a mark with scratch awl; give a quarter turn, and make an- other mark. The intersection of tne lines will give the exact centre. THE DOG LICENCE. Though the reminder is late, care should be taken to see the law on dogs is obeyed to the letter. A good many people are under the im- pression that a licence is transferable, but this is quite a misconception, as the Chancellor of the Exchequer recently explained in the House of Commons. No rnattor what time of the year a dog comes into hIS master's possession, he must pay the tax, which only franks him up to De- cember 31st of each year. Even if one keeps a dog for another person, a writer in the Daily Telegraph says, it is necessary to have a licence, and there is no such thing as compounding for a large kennel. A puppy. it is hardly necessary to say, is exempt until it reaches the mature ago of six months, when in the eyes of the law it beoones a dog. I advise my readers not to try to dodge the revenue officials. It really is not worth while. THE POINTS OF THE AIREDALE. I have much pleasure in acceding to the re- quest of my oorrespondent A. H.—for the points of this magnificent terrier, of which I give, as a typical example, a sketch made from a photograph in The New Book of the Dog," publication by Messrs. Cassell, that should be in every dog-lover's possession. The following is the standard accepted by th.e Airedale Clubs: (1) Head.—Long, with flat, skuii, but not too broad between the ears, narrowing slightly to the ayes, free from wrinkle; stop hardlj visible, a TYPICAL AIREDALE TERRIER. I and cheeks free from fulness; jaw deep and powerful; lips light; ears V-shaped, with a side carriage; nose black; eyes small and dark. The neck should be of moderate length and thick- ness, gradually widening towards the shoulders and free from throatiness. (2) Shoulders long and sloping well into the back; chest deep, but not broad. (3) Back short, strong, and straight. (4) Hindquarters strong and muscular; hocks "ell set down; tail set on high, not curled. (5) Legs straight; feet small and round, with Rood depth of pad. (6) Coat hard and wiry, not ragged; straight and close. (7) Colour.—Head and ears. with the excep- tion of dark markings on each side of skull, tan, the ears being a darker shade than the rest. The £ 8 up to thigh and elbows also tan; the body olack or dark grizzle. (8) Weight.-Dogs about 401b. to 451b.; bitches slightly less. Some of these points are open to .critioism, but they will serve as a fair guide. SUPPLEMENTING THE ROBBE. In spite of a perfectly natural reluctance among farmers to displace the services of the horse in any way by mechanical power, there is no doubt that the agricultural motor is slowly coming to be looked upon as a necessity on the big farms. It seems to me that the small far- mer will find it even of greater value to him, al- ti though he would not have enough work to jus- tify the heavy outlay. If some scheme, however, can be devised by which a number of men can share a motor between them, as is now done in many cases as regards implements, and if it can AN AGBICTJLTUEAL MOTOR. found convenient to arrange so that two of "e joint owners do not want to use it at the ame time, it would prove itself a valuable in- vestment. It is needless to say that one compe- nt person would have to be appointed to take c arge ajj ^meSi j noecj not mention ,J1.ses to which it is possible to put such a machine as that shewn in my drawing. It will ? rf6 6nouSh j* I say that it ought, to assist, not to Qo away with, those animals which have served anan so long and so faithfully. STRAWBEHBIES BY FORCING. A correspondent who wrote me some time ago Will remember my promise to deal later with the forcing of Strawberries. Plants in pots which i. ^ell-ripened, plump crowns may now be +V.^ F ln<x> heat. It is obvious, however, that «< u- r.y started into growth the more .^v. their development and subse- oiitaincr ?.nd Amateur Gardening, in dis- earlv AU advises not to begin too for v. 64 pi-t carmot usually be set apart „.rawberry forc>ng, but a batch of plants 0t „ xcell^nt results if placed upon a top They muj-j. e^ntly Parted vinery or Peach house, each pot amP^e room, say, 2in. between Wash the not "fi I?e^r t^le glass as possible, ing qt^rters, and^lii £ °re,vanking them to forc" off a little of +v, ? dead leaves. Scrape Stick, and replace ?+ with a Pointc<l with bone meal, if ■, a loam mixed evidence dip the plants W ^is ™ insecticide previous to hous^n!^ £ -n°E sufficient if a" temperature ,w 50deg. is maintained. 6 of not more than SOFT-SHELLED EGGS The trouble complained of by "<<,j „ i, ,ii t j-is vVestfield 13 probably due to lack of the materials which are necessary to assist the hen in forming her eggs. All poultry should have a regular supply of cal- cined oyster shell, well smashed up after beine heated, or old mortar and other builder's Tefuse is useful. Even the dried shells of eggs used in the household can be powdered up firiel,J ånd
THifl PEMBROKE COUNTS: GUARDlAJNT7 is the BEST Paper for All "WANTS" Advertisements, I _000_ -< -< "c. BICY (2LES I 0\ J IH? T") If A ST? Ch n ^0/ I H I /Jft. I J B 0 g » I dream of punctures, so frequently have they to set to » Mi JaL Ji JOL A. jEk M -» jj work mer,ci;g them. A pair of extra-durable outer t Pi Sfj? covers-witi1 some rea! substance in tliem — such as we" j 1| can supply, will not only free you unconscious moments VMS. IE i wu ^§ £ 8. from the Cyclist's Nightmare, but also prevent many 1^^ < lt\ "~jgl an afternoon's ride being utterly spoilt. Leave your K" m9 AND bicycle with us for an hour and we will fix a pair on MJv & F- GREEN TH SHBOP.YCIJE M E3STAMBLL.SD. I S. & F. GREEN, Cycle Depot, Haverfordwest.
; .~FARM NOTES.
FARM NOTES. The sudden disappearance of the snow and frost was almost as disappointing to farmer* as to those engaged in skating. Farm work. owing to the mild autumn, is so far advanced that farmers could have put up with a week or two of arctic weather to pulverize the land, and to enable the work of carting manure on the land to be proceeded with. According to L an old tradition, which compares a fall of snow r in its beneficial effects on land with a coat of lime, snow actually enriches the land. The theory is that snow brings with it abundance of nitrogen from the air, which in due course, improves the fertility of the land. Rain also supplies nitrogen in a less degree, so that the farmer is amply compensated for the slight dis- comfort which is experienced during a fall of snow or rain. The benefit of a fall of snow is seen in the improved verdure, of the pastures after the thaw, and the improvement in the appearance of the autumn eown wheat after snow, is most marked. The season so far has been a favourable one, the excessive rainfall at the end of December supplying a store of moisture which is not in excess of requirements, and which will go far to counterbalance any injury which may be done by too dry a spell of weather later on. The land is too wet for stubble ploughing, and ley ploughing is not usually commenced before February. There is, however, plenty of work on the farm attending to the wants of live stock, and driving out manure when prac. ticable. On dairy farms the use of decorticated cake will compensate for the deficiency in milk, and produce richer cream, and when butter sells at 16d. per lb. this is a considera- tiorf. The thermometer is not used in the dairy as much as it ought to be. The milk, before being put through the separator, should be tested to s.üe that it is at the proper temperature or the machine will not do its work properly, and cream will come out with the separated milk. Churning is often prolonged in cold weather. because the thermometer is not used to seo that the proper temperature is attained before churning. The quality of the butter is also affected by long churnings, and too low a tem- perature of the cream. The use of the weighing machine in the barn is quite as important as the thermometer in the dairy. Food supplied to stock should be weighed, and the cost of feeding thereby as- certained. Lambing time will soon be here, and the ewes should have dry food. and rock salt placed within their reach. A little extra at. tention at this time will be rewarded by a flush of milk at lambing time, and healthy vigorous lambs. S. W. DAWKINS. January 9, 1909.
BLAND and SOIN Carriage Builders: HAVERFORDWEST. Steam Factory, Old Bridge, Haverfordwest Havertordwest and St David'e. T HB, City Hotsjl Omnibus or Brake will JL until further notice will run on Saturdays between St. David's and Haver- fordwest, leaving St. David's at 7 a.m., return- ing from Haverfordwest on the arrival of the 2.40 train. Fares 2a. Bd. Extra charge for luggage. G. MARTIN* Proprietor.
FARMING IN 1908.
FARMING IN 1908. HORSES. Shire Horses have been in keen demand dur- ing the year, and the best average for the home sales of the current year was realised by Lord Rothschild, at Tring, when 35 head made an average of iP,266 13s. Last year the best average of the year was iEl48 18s. for fifty- one head At Lord Rothschild's sale three- year-old stallions made 800 guineas, the high- est price of the year. At the same sale the best prices for two year old stallions and for yearl- ing stallions was also realised—i.e., 460 guineas I and 900 guineas. The top price of the year for three-year-old fillies, 620 guineas, was also made at this sale. The next best average was Z106 19s. 10d., realised by Sir A. Henderson, Bart., for twenty head sold at Peterborough. At the sale held on the last two days of the Shire Horse Show no fewer than 139 breeding animals were disposed of at an average of Elll 14s. 7d. Suffolk horses, whose breeding is confined to the Eastern Counties, have been in good de- mand, for at the Royal Show three stallions averaged £84. At the annual sale at Ipswich stallions made up to 88 guineas, tiiree-year-old fillies to 75 guineas, two-year-old fillies to 70 guineas. Hackneys, as was the case last year, have had a year of a highly-satisfactory character. At top of the average list is that notable sale held by Mr. H. Le Marchant, at which 35 head gave an average of 4100 4s. The top price for two-year-old stallions for the year was realised at it—i.e., 690 guineas. Brood mares made up to 400 guineas, and two-year-old fillies, 255 guineas-also the top-price of the year. Mr. H. B. Evans' sale, with an average of E82 8s. 6d. for thirty-four head was equally successful. Mr. R. Whitworth averaged £ 78 12s. for forty-nine head, and his top price was 460 guineas for a yearling stallion- Mr. R. Scott averaged £ 75 8s. 3d. for seventeen head, Mr. H. Morse, £60 2s. 10d. for thirty-six head, Sir G. Greenall, JE60 Is. Id. for thirty-six head, with 450 guineas, the top price of the year, for three-year-old fillies. For well-mannered hunters, the demand re- mains a keen one; 500 guineas is the best price we have noted, a large number making from 400 guineas to 350 guineas, and a great crowd realising from 150 guineas to the latter price. Amongst the averages one may mention as in- dicative of many, PZOO lis. 3d. for eight of Major Mair's, Z288 15s. for Mr. W. J. Larnach and Viscount Castlereagh, e273 for the late Lord Chesham, Z262 10s. for the Countess of Chesterfield, E250 15s. for the Marquis of Lin. lithgow. The demand for ponies has been a remarkably keen one, for instance, Sir J. Barker, Bart., M.P., realised an average of L45 lis. 6d. for fifty-seven head. At Messrs. Jones and Sons' sale at Dinarth, such prices as the following were made:—135 guineas for two-year-old stal- lions, 115 guineas for brood mares, 200 guineas for three-year-old fillies, 135 guineas for two. year-old fillies, and 225 guineas for driving ponies. f TLE. The Shorthorn sale record is a lengthy one, so that we can only touch upon the salient figures. At the head of the average list this year, of those sales at which cattle of various ages and sexes were included, stands that real- ised by Mr. A. T. Gordon, i.e., £ 98 6s. 4d. for twenty-two head, with 600 guineas as the top price for bull calves, and an average of Z303 19s. 6d. for four of this age, and 20 guineas as the top price for heifer calves, three of which realised iCll2 10s. The late Mr. S. Hill's heard averaged for forty-six head, £92 12s. 2d., the females making up to 230 guineas, with an aver- age of iE59 6s. 8d., 210 guineas being paid for a yearling bull, and 240 guineas for a heifer. At the annual sale held by Mr. W. Duthie, at Collynie, the remarkable average of £235 14s. was realised for 14 bull calves, with the top price at 620 guineas, the highest price bull calf of the year, and L131 2s. 10d. for ten heifer calves, at which the highest price for these during thfpyear was also realised—i.e., 260gs. The public sales were well supplied, and prices ruled high. In the Royal showyard at New- castle ninety-three head were sold for the very excellent average of £79 5s. 10d. At the .9 Birmingham Spring Sale individual prices and averages are published. It would be better in the interests of the breed as whole if in every sale such detailed records wer6 placed at the service of the breeders. 459 animals were sold, realising an average of P.51 3s. 5d. Of these 349 were bull calves, and the gave an average of £54 9s. 9d. Lincoln Red Shorthorns have been in keen demand at the April Bull Fair; 187 head aver- aged £28 8s. 8d., and the top prices realised include 180 guineas for the Exors. of T. B. Freshney, 69 guineas for Mr. F. Scorer, 97 guineas for Mr. G. E. Sandars, 76 guineas for Mr. R. Roberts, 60 guineas for Mr. T. Wallis. Aberdeen-Angus cattle maintain their popular- ity. Sir J. Mecpherson Grant's sale of thirty- one head for an average of £47 7s. was the best average for sales of this description during the past year, cows making up to 100 guineas, and heifers 85 guineas. Among Hereford cattle the best home sale average of which particulars have been found was Mr. C. Blatherwick's, at which 56 head averaged E20 9s. 7d. The Earl of Coventry sold 36 head at JE19 17s. 6d. The sales of Sussex cattle are notable for the dispersal of that great herd of the breed owned by the late Earl of Derby, at which 144 head gave an average of iEl7, bulls making up to 61 guineas, cows and calves to 54 guineas, two-year-old heifers to 40 guineas, and yearling heifers to 21 guineas. Among Devons, Mr. C. E. Norrish's sale aver- age is the best we have found for the home sales of this breed, thirty head making an average of Z37 3s. 9d. The females realised up to 115 guineas, and the bulls to 33 guineas. Mr. E. Bryant's average for 18 head was £27 16s. 6d. At Mr. Bond's sale some gooa prices were real- ised, including 62 guineas for bulls, 81 guineas for cows and calves, and 50 guineas for cows. The South Devon sales were very successful all through the year. Amongst the better prices realised were 70 guineas for yearling bulls at the Totnes April sale. Jerseys, taken as a whole, have sold well, the best average fo the year being realised by the Duke of Connaught, who sold 33 head at an average of £ 26 13s. 10d., cows making up to 46 guineas, and balls up to 29 guineas. The Guernsey sale record is a small one; Mr. Ozanne's average for 24 head, E179 was the best, bulls making up to 20 guineas, and cows to 31 guineas. SHEEP. Long wool sheep have been in fair demand this year, but export buyers are becoming more and more particular upon the question of pedigree. Lincolns have not experienced such a keen inquiry. Last year's top price was L945 paid by Messrs. Dean for one of Mr. Henry Dudding's rams. This year these gentlemen themselves received the top price of the year, i.e., 165 guineas for their first prize yearling at the Royal Show. Mr. Dudding's top price fol- lowed closely after this, i.e., 160 guineas. Amongst the other leading prices of the year was 120 guineas for Mr. J. Pear's, 110 guineas for Mr. J. E. Caswell's, 70 guineas for Mr. T. Caswell's, 64 guineas for Mr. G. Marris's, and 61 guineas for the late Mr. R. Fisher's. Among other Longwool breeds, Cotswolds have made up to Ms guineas, while Leicesters have aver- aged 4= for ten with a top price of iE22 10s. t The Down breeds have done better than the Longwools. Oxfords especially have had a good yetir, and they appear to be growing in popu- larity. Mr. J. T. Hobbs made the best average for the year, Z20 Is. 3d., realised at his annual home sale, for forty-nine head of yearling rams, at which the top price of the season, P-135, was realised. Messrs. J. and S. Treadwell averaged £ 16 3s. 6d. with 44, guineas as the top price. Mr. H. W. Stilgo's 25 gave an average of P,13 17s, with 47 guineas as the top figure, and several other individual prices were made of between 30 and 40 guineas. The best price for ram lambs—and a record ene, too, for the breed- was 52 guineas paid for one of Mr. R. W. Hobbs and Son, at Oxford Fair, where 33 head averaged klO 15s 5d. Among Southdowns the sale of the season was unquestionably the dis- persal of the Duke of Devonshire's noted flock. Here most of the top prices of the ye^r #were realised. That for yearling ewes, 19 guineas, with an average of £ 7 5s. 7d.; four-tootli ewes, 16 guineas, with £ 5, 4s. 6d.; six-tooth ewes, 16 guineas, with £ 6 2s. '6d.; flock ewes, 10 guineas, with i23 16s. 2d.; ewe lambs, £4 Is., with £ 2 7s. lOd.; yearling rams, 80 guineas, with £ 16 2s. 7d.; and ram lambs, 44 guineas, witn £ 7 19s. 3d. Hampshire Down sales were not so numerous as in some former years. The best average of the year was that realised by the late Sir W. ■ G. Pearce's well-known flock, 872 head making an average of £3 148. shearling ewes selling at from £3 16s., four-tooth ewes from £9 5s., six- tooth ewes from L4 4s., flock ewes from £3 2s., and ewe lambs from L3 10s. Mr. C. Bugg aver- aged from his flock of 757 head £3 10s. 6d. at the Royal Shiw sale. Mr. H. C. Stephens made 50 guineas, the top price, and those sold gave the capital average of £23 4s. Turning to that other important section of the Hampshire Down sale record—i.e., thoses ales at which a portion of the ram lambs are let and the remainder sold, we come across as the top average a not- able one, E20 10s., realised at Britford Fair. Ten of these lambs were let at from 170 guineas and gave an average of iC67 17s. Mr. H. C. Stephens's sale gave an average of E17 for sixty head let and sold. The top price for the let lambs, ten in number, was 65 guineas, these averaged £33 3s. 6d. The best price for the selling lambs was 60 guineas. Turning to those sales at which large lambs were sold and not let, the best average was that for sixty-seven head at the late Sir W. G. Pearce's sale, with the top price of 125 guineas. Shropshires made the heading prices of 170 guineas for Mr. T. S. Minton, 130 guineas and 121 guineas for Mr. M. Williams, 80 guineas for Sir Richard Cooper, and 65 'guineas and 50 guineas for Mrs. W. F. Inge, all realised at the Royal Show sale, where 38 head gave the grand average of iE33 2s. Mr. Minton, at his home sale, averaged £18 3s. 6d., with 55 guineas as the top price. Suffolks made some satisfac- tory prices. Two shear rams made up to 42s guineas; for one of Mr. H. E. Smith's. An average of £10 15s. 3d. was realised by Mr. A. J. Smith for 14 yearling rams. The best price for ram lambs noted during the year was 77 guineas, realisedb y Mr. H. E. Smith at the Ipswich Fair. Among Kent or Romney Marsh, as was the case last year, Mr. Charles File, made the top price of the year-130 guineas for a ram sold for New Zealand-his best five averaging something over 70 guineas, and his nineteen making an average of 436 10s. 5d. Devon Longwools made up to 20 guineas and South Devons to 35 guineas, whilst amongst Dorset Horn sheep, ram lambs made up to 30 guineas. PIGS. The demand for pedigree pigs remains keen, and good prices were realised. At Lord Elles- mere's sale of Large Whites 120 head averaged £ 10 9s. 3d.; the best price for boars was 66 guineas, the top price of the year of this or any other breed of pigs. Another boar made 46 guineas, sows up to 18 guineas, and gilts up to 44 guineas. Messrs. Wherry, whose 81 aver- aged £7 10s. 6d., with 23 guineas as the top price for boars, 18 guineas for sows, and 18 guineas for gilts. Mr. C. Spencer, at Holywell, who averaged £6 10s. Bd. for seventy-eight head, realised 50 guineas for a gilt, the top price of the year; his boars made up to 30 guineas. Among Berkshire-the best sale averages of the year was Mr. Arthur Hiscock, juno's, at Motcombe, at which forty-five head gave the average of £10 lis. 5d., boars making up to 20 guineas, sows to 28 guineas, and gilts to 34 guineas, the latter being the top price of the yoar. The Duke of Devonshire's sale was a good one, ninety head making an average of 97 17s 6d. Mr. R. W. Hudson's sale pro- duced the top price for sows during the year (41 guineas), and his eighty-eight head gave an average of E7. Mr. N. Benjafield's sale realised £6 15s. 6d. for thirty-four head, with 27 guineas as the best price for boars, the top price of the year. The Tamworth Sale record is not a lengthy one, but some good prices have been made. At Mr. R. Ibbotson's^eale 121 head averaged £6 2s. 6d., boars making 15 guineas, gilts the same figuile, and sows 28 guineas. Among large blacks the best sale average was Mr. J. H. Kingwell's, at which 89 head averaged £ 3 18s., boars making up to Hi guineas, and sows to 13 guineas. The Lincoln- shire Curly-coated pigs have but one sale re- ported, and that a good one—i.e., the joint sale held at the Lincoln County Show, at which forty head realised an average of L10 17s. 7d., boars making up to 50 guineas, sixteen of them giving an average of £ 12 12s. 7d. THE SHOW SEASON. The agrcultural shows of the year have pretty generally been favoured with good weather and the early summer shows were generally fortunate in this respect, but many of the one- day fixtures at the latter end of August and the beginning of September experienced wind ani wet, although those at the later end of ni ber and at the beginning of October weri m'-re favourably treated. The county show season, wh.:ch 1;e;n:t v. iih the Oxford and Somerset meetings, was cf a very successful character, the Batti ii-I vVest Show at Dorchester was with almost uWl weather, and a fine show of South ^ounzry breeds and produce was the result. The Royal Show at Newcastle eclipsed ary- "thing yet previously attained by the Society; agriculturally speaking, the show was t h' Limst ever got together in this country, whilst the exceptionally brilliant weather had a rt-maik- able effect upon the attendance, '.i lie ent-xnitr s sum taken in gate money left a profit on tie whole exhibition somewhere about £ 12,000. The Royal Lancashire exhibition >j,Ja!j,Olr, ter worthily maintained the prestige of tl is terprising society, but the Great Yorkshire Srow which took place this year at Talifax, v ao by no means so good as we have s'n it The International Horse Show «.hicn t Ol: place at Olympia for the second yar in ,i)e- cession was quite a success. It A,).l fce. < gain held at Olympia next year, but II is thought that it may migrate to Italy for 1910.
I DON'T BE DISHEARTENED if your home baking has not been a success. Try again! but use BORWICK'S Recipes and BORWICKIS Baking Powder, and your cakes, pastry, &c., will in future be deliciously light, digestible and appetizing.
FAIRS AND MARKETS. I
FAIRS AND MARKETS. I XARBERTH, Thursday, January 7th.-Butter (in pounds), Is. 3d. to Is. 4d. per lb.; ditto (in cask). Is. Id. per lb.; live fowls. 4s. to 4s. 6d. per pair; ditto ducks, 4s. 6d. to 5s. per pair; rabbits, 7d. each; eggs, 12 for Is.; beef, 7d. to 9d. per lb.; mutton and lamb, 9d. to lOd. per lb.; pork. 7d. per lb. PEMBROKE DOCK, Friday, January 8th.— Ducks. 3s. to 3s. 6d. each; fowls, 2s. 3d. to 2s. &(-I.: rabbits, lOd. to Is.; beef, 8d. to 10d. per lb.; mutton, 8d. to 9d.; lamb, 7d. to 8d.; pork, 7d. to 9d.; veal. 9d. to lid.; butter, ls. iid. to Is. 3d.; cheese, 8d.; eggs, 8 and 10 for Is.; potatoes, lbs. for Is. W HITLAXD, Frday, January 8th.—There was a fair attendance and supply for this sea- son of the year. QutationsButter, cask Is. Old. to Is. Id. per lb., pound rolls Is. Id. 2 to 1: I'd. eggs, Is. per dozen; rabbits, 7d. each; live fowls, 4s. to 4s. 6d. per couple; dressed poultry, 9d. to 9Ad. per lb.; beef 7d. to 8d., mutton 8d. to 9d., veal and pork 6d. to 7d. CARMARTHEN, Saturday, January 9th.—A very small supply of butter was on sale to- day. Ruling prices:-Cask butter Is. 2d. to Is. 3d. per lb., fresh butter Is. 4d. to Is. 5d. per lb.; dressed poultry—fowls 4s. to 6s. per couple, ducks, 3s. 3d. to 4s. each; geeste Is. per lb., turkeys Is. Id. per lb.; eggs, nine for Is.; cheese, 47s. per ewt. LLANDILO, Saturday, January 9th.—Quota- bons :-Fresh butter Is. 2d. ahd Is. 3d per lb., tub ditto Is. 2d. per lb.; cheese-Welsh 6gd. per lb., eream or Caerphilly, 8d. and 8ad. per lb.; eggs, 9 for Is.; poultry-live turkeys 8s. each, trussed Is. per lb.; trussed geese, lid. per lb.; live ducks 3s. to 3s. 3d. each, trussed lid. per lb.; live chickens or fowls 5s. a couple, trussed 10d. per lb.; beef (a good supply)— prime joints 9d. per lb., other cuts 8d. and 8id. per lb.; lamb and mutton, 9d. per lb.; pork, 8d. per lb.
ASTOUNDING VALUE Ml DAVIES' SPECIAL BROWN SOAP. I I THIS SOAP Since its introduction I is commanding a large and ever in- creasing Sale, which speaks for itself. I I Every Laundress and Housewife should use it. PER 4 BAR 2 lbs 2 2 This soap can be obtained from:- VINCENT DAVIES, PROVISION STORES, BRIDGE STREET, » B AVERFORDWEST. HAVE YOU HAD YOUft HOLLOWAY'S U ALMANAC FOB Series of V f\m Articles on I MUM ■ "Marvels of the I J World." Beautifully I Illustrated. A Com- I prehensive Medical •T J Guide. A Calendar ■ 1 1 replete with Dates I ol important Events. (CONTAIN8 I"* I A Fm Railway 1 Traveller's Insur- 1 Traveller's Insur. >LnC* £ 2l>Qn '°r AND MANY OTHER INTERESTING FEATURES SENT FREf; On receipt of Post Card addressed to THOMAS HOLLOWAY, 78 New Oxford St., LONDON, w.o" THE SLADE TIMBER YARD FISHGUARD. J. M. GUILD, (Late W. Williams & Son.) Timber Merchant, HA8 a large and varied sto;k of Good BuihS ing Timb-.r (in Red Pitch-pine, WhiU and Sprue?), Fl oring Hoards ifld MAteh boards, Yellow Pine, Spruce Arcbangal White. American White Wood, Carolina Pine and Oak sawn Boards, Prepared Moulding* ccmpriBini Architraves, Sashes, Sills, Sk-Tting Boaftit .tc, also Split and Sawn Roof and Ceiling Lathii Wire-cut and other Nails. Speciality-Welsh Oak, Ash, and Elm, Shafts Spokes, and Felloes, Shovel and Mattock Stick* Ladders; Cart Material cut to size Wheelhlock3 turned and Gates and Barrow. made to order. Estimates given to supply Buildings. OFFICES.—SLADE, FISHGUARD. r Broduy Timber Yard, Fishguard. W. MORGAN & SON, B. to iDforru the public generally that they have OPENED BUSINESS as TIMBER MERCHANTS. And have now In etock all kinds of Timben also general Building Materials. Sawing (fcy Gas Vower) done on the Premises. ORDERS RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED. j A PERFECT POLICY. 8 The Corporation insures against i ALL Sickness and ALL Accidents and returns 50% of all premiums 0 paid to non-claimants. It is th only Policy of the kind. Write for Prospectus now. OTHER SCHEMES. DRUGGISTS 9 BURGLARY. THIRD PARTY COUPON. INDEMNITIES. CYCLE. CONTRACT. SOLVENCY aDd FIDELITY GUARANTEES WRITE FOR PROSPECTUS. Head Office 104 WEST GEORGE STREET, GLASGOW. A. REGINALD POLE. Gen. Manager. A. REGINALD POLE. Gen. Manager. I£ THE FAMOUS CABL:EJ T:EJ.A. The proprietors of the Famous Cable Tea write:— In consequence of the reduction in Tea Duty of One Penny per pound, we have decided, as from May 14th, 1906, to reduce the Wholesale price of the Famous Cable Tea One Penny per pound, but the Retail price will be changed from 2 2 per lb. to 2/ This will leave a smaller profit to the Retailer, but the Retailer must look for his compensation in in- creased sales. This popular Tea; at the popular pria of 2/ should have a largely increased sale, as the Proprietors are determined to keep the quality fully up to the standard. Our Local Agents, MESSRS. WM I JOHN and SON, Quay Street, Haverfordwest, supply the Famous Cable Tea, in lOlb. and 201b. and 501b. Boxes, and to whom all your Orders should be sent. P. G. WILLIAMS Grocer, Fruit. Rabbit and Egg Merchant, Station Road, LETTERSTON, Groceries and Fruits of the Best Quality at lowest Prices. Delivered free by own Cart. Best prices given for Rabbits, Eggs, etc. Cart will call at any address upon receipt ct a Poet Card. Sole Agent lor the Home and Colonial wonder- ful Tea at ls. 6d. per Jib. Trial order solicited. 24ja-61 MERRYWEATHERS' iiAND FIRE PUMP Still the Simplest. Best, anff Most RQlicr.jle FIRE EXTINGUISHER. P 1 ■ Nothing to get out of order. jj H | 2■ Nothing to corrode. 3- Nothing to explore lr "ffl 2540 out of the 4199 • lr tiEfe$! London Fires were rxtin- § §;l guished in one year Ly these two*! Purnps_ — p CASTLf |P Write or call— 63, LONG ACRE, W.C., LONDON. IMPORTANT TO FARMERS. To assure the safest and best-feeding of all Stock, use the celebrated ALBICNCAKES. For CALF-REARING the ALBION CALF MEAL has no Eqnal. r AGENT:— T A. ROGERS, Butter Merchant, Dark St., Haverfordwest. CAKE STORES: King's Arms Hotel, XTr T 0 fO t" <y
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mixed in the soft food. If soft-shelled eggs con- tinue after these necessaries have been supplied to the hens. special treatment- is necessary. The trouble may be due to over-fatted condition of the ovaries. The food in that case should be re- duced, and Glauber -Its added to the drinking water. If inflammation of the ovarium is be- lieved to be the cause, pilk should be given daily made of one grain of calomel and one- twelfth of a grain of tartar Gmetic. It is im- portant that the shells of eggs intended for incu- bation .:hali bo strong, especially when the eggs have ro stand the hen's twenty-one days' pres- sure, and it may bring fatal results to the whole set if one i. bro!:cu. IN THE APIARY. Some ago I mentioned the need of pro- ■TKli.'ig food for the bees during winter. Syrup is the food substitute given by bee-keepers, but liquid food must not be given while cold weather confines bees to their hives. The only safe food now and for the next three months is soft candy, which should be made or bought ar.d placed direct upon the top bars of the brood frame. Upon the cake of candy place a lot of warm wraps, flannel rugs, or chaff cushions- anything of a woolly nature that is a bad con- ductor of heat, and, therefore, according to ordinary notions, a warm covering. Breeding will commence again in strong colonies in a few weeks' time, and will proceed slowly until the queens are in full lay, which will be when the weather is warm and the bees are revelling in the multitude of opening flower-buds. The at- tention during early breeding is simply to see that the supply of food is kept up, and, if neces- sary, to give artificial pollen in the shape of pea- flour. Bees must have a food composed of honey and pollen when working and feeding grubs. If the latter is scarce, the best substi- tute, says "Expert" in the Agricultural Gazette, is pea-flour, which can be given near the hive, or mixed with the candy cake. PARAFFIX FOR INSECT DESTRUCTION. Though often it is used carelessly, when dam- age not good is a result, paraffin by proper ap- plication may be a most reliable insecticide. For plants under glass the following preparation is Tecommcndd Two ounces of iron sulphate, dissolved in six pints of water; one ounce of quicklime, slaked and made into milk, and then strained; sixteen liquid ounces of paraffin and six ounces of potassium sulphide dissolved in nine gallons of water; the whole to be well stirred. This mixture may be used as a fungi- cide as well as an insecticide, and it should be applied in the form of spray. One of the best of the emulsions for general use with trees and shrubs of all kinds both during winter and spring is that known as the Woburn wash, to which Reference has more than once been made in thisf/fcolumn. It is prepared by dissolving one and a-half pound of copper sulphate in eight gallons of water in a wooden pail, adding to it half a pound of fresh lime; this should be pre- viously slaked and made into a milk with water. running it in through a piece of sacking so as to eliminate grits; the mixture is then churned with five pints of paraffin, two pounds of caustic soda are added, and the whole made up to ten gallon^ All correspondence affecting this column should be addressed to A Son of the Soil," care of tha Editor of this journal. -0