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CHESHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. A meeting of the Cheshire County Council was held on Thursday. At the commencement of the proceedings Alderman John Thompson was voted to the chair. I ELECTION OF CHAIRMAN. 4. 1..1_ n' .•liuiTiiUii itiomas Jbeeley moved there-election of Colonel Dixon to the chair, and remarked u. at. he was sure no better choice could be made, lor Colonel Dixon conducted the proceedings with urbanity and firmness, and with an absence of any- thing likely to cause friction. (Applause. I Dr. Atkinson seconded, and the propoSlUill was unanimously carried. Colonel Dixon, in returning thanks, alluded to the kindness, courtesy and forbearance he had re- ceived from the members. Referring to the new Education Bill, he expressed the op.nion that the Council would undertake the duties thai wou.d be imposed upon them in the same spirit that they had discharged their other duties. (Hear, hear.) On the proposition of Colone: France-Hayhurst. seconded by Sir Joseph Verdin, Aiderman Thomas Beeley was re-elected vice-chairman. THE CORONATION. I The Chairman remarked that every small village and public body in the country seemed to be going to celebrate the Coronation, and ho thought it only right they shouid do something as a Council. The tinance Committee had already put aside £ 1,000 for the purpose. He proposed that the chairmen of the standing committees be elected a committee to take the whole matter into con- sideration, and see what shou.d be done and what money should be spent. Alderman Beeley seconded, and the proposition was carried. It was also decided to send an address of con- gratulation to the King. TUBERCULOSIS AND MILK. I 1 I- -1 1\1r. John ihompson, in moving the adoption l of the report and accounts of the Upton Lunatic Asylum, referred to the question of tuberculosis. I They would remember that in 1899 they slew ) almost the whole of the milch cows at the Asylum, and the results for the two last years were striking. Whereas in 1899 there were 27 deaths from phthisis at the Asylum, in 1900 there was 12, and in 1901 11. The average for 11 years was 15.2, but since these cattie were removed, and j others pronounced free from tuberculosis were I Dougnt, tne results were remarkable. The per- centage of deaths from phthisis to the total nam- ber of deaths for last year was 9.6, as against an average for the last eleven years of 19.2. The average percentage of deaths to the average nam- ber resident for the eleven years was 2.7, and the average for last year was 1.1, which was about ore- half. Whether that was the result of their efforts to stamp out tuberculosis he could not say, but it was striking. Dr. Hodgson (Crewe) said the Council was at first criticised for their action in causing the cattle to be killed, but the large reduction in the num- ber of tubercular cases was ample compensation for the cost incurred. Mr. George Cooke said the cows should be tested at least once a year. Mr. Thompson said their present herd was sub- jected to a test three years ago, and there had been no signs of the disea.se in the oows that had been killed subsequently. Dr. Hewitt asked if the patients were iso-iitc-d as much as possible. Mr. Thompson replied that they tried to isolate them as much as possible. The report and accounts were carried. IMPORTANT SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME. A lengthy statement by the organising secre- tary for technical instruction was submitted con- cerning the grants made by the Board of Educa- tion to aid local efforts in founding local scholar- ships in science and art. The grants are on the conditions that they are awarded on the results I of a competition, and that a sufficient sum is provided for the special purpose of tho scholarship or exhibition by the contributions of living persons. The scholarships will enable managers of a local fund to provide for successful candidates pursuing their studies for one, two or three years at a day school where more advanced instruction is given. The Board of Education offers to assist such scholarships as follows: -For the first year of tenure by a grant of E4; for the second ye-ar by one of and for the third year by one oi ;E--O. The grants are made on the condition that, the I managers of the local fund shall contribute each year £ 5 in respect of each scholar, and lodge this sum annually with the Board of Education be£œ-c April 5th in each year. In order that the Council might avail themselves of these grants, it would be necessary to make a special grant out of tho rates under the Technical Instruction Act equal to £5 per head on the scholarships offered in two classes. He suggested that the County Council should provide for the first year 100 scholarships at £ 5 each, making £ 500; for the second year 200 at JB5 each, making £ 1,000; and for the third and succeeding years £ 1,500. For That contribu- tion they would receive from the Board of Educa- tion JB400 the first year, £ 1.100 the second year, and £ 2,100 the third year. Mr. C. E. Thornycroft moved that the Technical Instruction Committee be authorised to take ad- vantage of the scheme, and that the coft be charged against the county fund. The cost, as approved by the committee, would be for the three vears— £ 550 in 1S03, £ 1.100 in 1904, and i ;61.650 in 1905. The proposition was seconded. Mr. J. Charlton Parr alluded to the proposal that the committee should allow special aid to pannts in poor circumstances, to erH.b:(, tbem to kc-cp their children at school, especially for the third year. That seemed to him an entirely new departure and new principle, and there were j questions involved. It looked like a bribe to parents to send their children to school. It ^ould be rather difficult to judge which were the neces- sitous parents, and which cases were to be subsi- dised. He suggested that they should let. the matter stand over until they saw how they were affected by the Education Bill. I Dr. Hodgson hoped the proposa: wo Jo be car- ried. The grant would be some little compensation to parents for the loss they would suffer through not having their children's services. Secondary education was wanted in this county as mucn, if not more. than in most counties. This scheme would enable bovs to risa to the universities. Dr. Hewitt strongly supported the proposal, and pointed out that one most important effect oi this increase of scholarships would be the improvement of the local secondary schools, as they wou.d be providing them with the very class of pupils they required. Many children in the elementary schools who had obtained scholarships had gone to the universities and distinguished themselves there. The Council had secured very hand- some contributions to the education of the county from a great number of the urban authorities throughout the county. MM;y 01 them had taxed themseh-e$ to the Tj?i srn-unt ¡ aHowed, and he hoped the county v.c ??i?,?.w shew its confidence in its own Tec.'ti:?: J n- 1 structicn Committee, and in the Beard of EGuca- tion, and its desire to promote education by giving them the necessary amount, He hoptd there would be no question of anything xd the form of a bribe they wanted to put the matter in the form of such assistance as would ensure the solid education of those who were arable to attain such an education. The proposition was carried. NO SWINE FEVER. I Mr. C. B. Davies (Ea.rdswiek HalJ" in moving the adoption of the Diseases of Animais Act Com- mittee, explained that there had been no oxitrreak I of swine fever in the county since the.* last meet- ing. (Hear, hear.) RIVER POLLUTION. I LANCASHIRE AND CHESJliKE's GOOD EXAMPLE. I Arising out of the proceedings of the ivvers Mersey and Irweii Watershed Joint Committee, Dr. Hewitt said there had been an improvement- over the whole ground with respect to river pollu- tion. Manchester, Sa-lford, Oldham, Bury aDd Rochdale were all taking steps to make the.r sewage system thoroughly efficient, and the manu- facturers throughout the district had met ti-eni in a very willing way. It was satisfactory that Lan- cashire and Cheshire had set an example to the H-5t of the coantrv. They were in advance of the West Riding and the R:bMe. which were the on:v other committees. They be'?lejed tfie d come when the Government would see fit to extend the committees to the rest of the country. FERTILISERS AND FEEDING STUFFS. I Mr. C. B. Davies referred to the small extent to which farmers availed themselves cf the facilities for obtaining analyses under the Fertilisers and Feeding Stuffs Act, 18S3, and sug- gested that the Council should send e e lit cirrrilars on the subject to the secretaries c: various 1 agriculture: departments in C-hesr.irc. Ci-C- svg- getion was adopted. THE MAIN ROADS. ALDERMAN 1SECKFTT S RETIREMENT. I Alderman Joseph iseckctt. in moving tne adoption of the minutes of the Main Roads Com- mittee. expressed his regret that he nad been compelled to give up the chairmanship, a peti- tion he had held for thirteen years. Since 1821 the total expenditure on roads, etc., had been ES folJows :-Hural main roads, £ 531,395; urban main roads. £ 514.873: county and hundred bridges, £ 47.887 making a total of £8;4,156. The Chairman moved a resohtticn th?nk?g Mr. Beckett for his management -?f tLe Y.oa¿¡ and expressing regret that he had tho?pht necessary to resign the chairmanship. Mr. S. H. Sandbach (Malpa,) seconded, and remarked that some Americans who had landed at Birkenhead recently asked him if all the roaus in England were as good for cycling as those in Cheshire. (Hear, hoar.) The proposition was carried "y.:h acc-&:r»atK-n. A motion by Mr. Raffles Bulley, seconded ty Mr. Charles Birchall, to the effect that £2.00Q to be paid the Wallasey District, Council in con- sideration of certain roads should be increased tc £ 4,000, was defeated. HEALTH OF THE COUNTY. J IFANT MORTALITY. ) Dr. Vacher, medical officer of health, submitted his preliminary report. Giving the proportion of persons to an acre, he stated that there was a great difference in the density of population in the various district =. In Altrincham there were moie than 25 person = to an acre, in e,, up- wards of 19. and in Kcole upward? cf 16. while in many rural districts there was but one person in several acres. The estimated population o! the whole administrative county in the middle of 1901 was less than 1 (0.93) person to an acre. The number of births registered -a~t vear was 15,764. and the number of deaths 9.436. The birth-rate was 2.3 below the exceptionally low birth-rate of the whole country, and the death- ra.te was 1.3 below the exceptionally lew death- rate of the whoIo country. The death-rate in the Cheshire borousrhs was. however. 0.4 hicher than the death-rate in the 33 great towns cf England and Wales. The mortality from ihe seven zvmotic diseasp*. except fever, was lower in Cheshire than in the whoJe country. As reta^rded fever, the Cheshire mortality was equal to tha", in the larsre towns, and just above that in. the whole country. Referring to the nrevf,>reei of infant mortality, Dr. Vacher the :Aortic was very large in the borough of DukiriSeld (281 per 1,000), Nortnwich urban district \228 par 1,000), and the borough of Staiybridge i221 per 1,000-, while in some districts, sucn as Sandbach, and Buglawton, it was exceptionally low. I ha Public Health Committee nad resoived that in all cases where the county mecuea-i officer was oS opinion that the intent mortality wa.s nigh the cierk should call th", attélHHJU vI the sanitary inspector thereto and enquire wnat steps iiao been taken to reduce it, and Suggested that much good couid be accomplished in leUUtallg mt'.iiili mortality by inducing ladies to visit the hoboes of the poor and instruct the mother in iho feeding, care and management of young children. The isolation Hospitals Act Sub committee re- corded their opinion that the -establishment cf a sanatorium, or sanatoria, lor tne treatment ai consumption would be tor the benefit of &() community, and instructed the cierk to invite representatives from all local sanitary autnori- ties and boards of gTiardians in the county to a oonference with the committee. Aiderman Dr. Hewitt said he was glad to sea that tne borough of Hyde nad within the last few days sanctioned the appointment of a lady inspector to undenake this particular branch of work. The committee were convinced that t"e autnorities ol Dukinfield, Hyde and Staiy bridge would not relax their efforts WiLli a view of re- ducing the rate of infant mortality. He was glad also that Staiybridge Corporation had recom- mended that steps be taken to provide an isola- tion hospital for that important portion of the OCULty. THE BUDGET. THE NEW RATE. ihe Chairman ot the finance committee (JJr. Atkinson) submitted the new budget, in which ne stated that the county rate for several years pa-st had averaged 5d. or d. in the £ and other years even reacned 6d. or ojd., but this year tbe committee were satisfied thM tney would be able to meet all the general requirements of the county with the help of a rate of 4d. in the £ The county debt at present Etood at a sun# below (by over £ 2,000) the sum at which it stood last year. It was now at £ 128.887. Proceeding, he said the County Council acoounts, whic closed on the 31st March ]a"t" have been made up by the accountant and now disclose a balance carried over of £62,753 Is., whicn, after the de- duction of the liabilities, and allowing for the technical education balance and "suspense ao- counts, on account of the past year; has left the available balance of upwards 01 which, | as before mentioned, has been carried into the budget for the new year. The oash payme?to during last year (excluding what are called transiers) amounted to the sum of £ 265,731 138- 7d. (as will be seen by the statement in the agenda), comparing with the expenditure for the year ended 31st March, lb. 1. ol :41.056 bs. 4d., or a difference of £24,075 7s. 3d. over that year, which was occasioned by "capital expenditure" on the new works at Parkside Asyium. polios stations, magistrates' rooms, and police pay and other matters. The new budget now submitted shews the gross amount cf the estimated ex- penditure on all accounts (excluding loans and Pobce Pension Fund) at £ 518,211 8«., and to meet this the following is the estimated incoma: Balances from last year, ?25,288 7s. Id. tc be received from sundry sources—fees, fines, and exchequer account, half pay of police, agricul- tural rates, etc., £ 90,824 7s. lid. exchequer con- tribution aocount-from the Government on account of licences and estate duty grant and customs and excise, and from sundrv sources. £ 129,837 3s.-L246,M Ms.; leaving ce?ci.- to be met by rates, viz. from COUlHy rate £43,60 10s. 2d, from general and Jocal pc?ce rs*ea £ 24.000 19s. 10d.-E72?161 10,?.; Mt?i JB518,2H 8s. He proposed that a county ra-teof?d. in the £ be lnied for the pu'po-es cf the county J for the ensuing Rix months, a.nd ihM pr-cepts be j ts?ued aooordmgly; that a ?eccrat pchce rate of of a penny in the £ be Ufor the pur- poses of the police force for the ensuing six I months, to be collected and paid with the county rate; that the following local police rates be levied for the ensuing six months, the same to be oolIected and pajd with the ccunty rale,- Broxtcn district at 5 of a penny in the j6 Altrincham |, Eddisbury Nantwch > Cre-;e li Middlewich t North Wirral Scuth Wirral 4. Dukinfield Prestbury Stcckport Run- com Mr. James Tomkin^on, 3.t.P., saccnded and it was carried. I CHESHIRE MILK AND LIVERPOOL I OFFICIALS. WIth reference to the rcoent prose cntion of a. Cheshire farmer in connection with the supply of milk from his dairy when tuberculosis was alleged by the Liverpool authorities to lxivc been in existence on his farm, the Council was asked to sup- port the folilovvmg resolution;" That, a,s in the optmon of this committee an injustice has been done to the farmer. in question by reason of the Liverpool Corporation stopping the supply of milk when tuber- culosis could not be founa prevalent among the cattle on the farms from which the mill: was sup- plied, the clerk be 'nstructed to suggest a c. -?re-ce between representative^ the Liverpool Co-??-on and representatives of this commutes to discuss the procedure adopted by the Corporation in (a,) the analysis of milk supplied to Liverpool from larms, &c., in Cheshire (b) the notification cf the result thereoi to the farmers, &c.: and (c; the svste.m adopted by the Corporation officials in the inspection of farms, &c. And in the event of the Corporation agreeing to discuss the foregoing points the following be the repre.sentativea of this committee on such conference, viz. :-Dr. D?vid Basil H(wiLt, chair- man of the Pubhc Health Committee C E i Thoycroft, Mr. Geo Coo? Mr. C. B. Da-. '<? Th(,-n-;cr,ft, Mr. Coc),l-e, :,Ir. C. B. D,, t,, and 4y- john EmberWn. ?l Th. THE EDUCATION BILL. Mr. j. F. Cheetham had giv. n notice of ibe following Council dorjio. the lack in the Education Bill now hdc re Parlia- ment of adequate and effective prov^ion for the organisation and extension of secondary and higher education and that it deprecates the hindrance to the progress of that all-ixnportnnt which, m the event of the passing of the Bill as it now stands, would seem only too likely to result from the imposition, ab. the mandate of newly constituted authorities not directly responsible to the rate pav" ers, of a preferential and unlimiteel charge unon the rates for the maintenance of elementary edueatiua throughout the county area." The opinion was expressed by Mr. Piatt Kiggina and others that it. would be a mistake to discuss the principle of the Bill now that it bc.d p- itm second reading, and eventually it was lvo'v.-d that a special meeting of the Council shouid be called to oonsider the Bill as it affcctod the Council from an administrative point of view.

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