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KING EDWARD THE SEVENTH,!I OUR NEW SOVEREIGN. j ) His Majesty Albert Edward, henceforward King of Great Britain and Ireland, and Emperor of India, was born at Buckingham Palace on the 9th I November, 1841, and created Prince of Wales and jEarl of Chester by patent under the Great Seal [on December 4 of the same year. He was baptised !at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on the ,25th ?a?ary, 1842. H? s early education was en- trusted to the Rev. Henry M. Birch, Mr. Gibbes, Mhe Rev. C. F. Tarver, and Mr. H. W. Fisher. ;Having studied for a session at Edinburgh, the Prince entered Christ Church, Oxford, where he 1 attended public lectures for a year, and after- twirds resided for three or four terms at Cam- bridge for the same purpose. Most of the sum- 'mer of 1860 was spent on a visit to the United 8tates and Canada, and, accompanied by Dean .Stanley, the Prince travelled in the East and !visited Jerusalem in 1862. Among the titles of A his Royal Highness at the time was that of Duke of Cornwall, by which he took his seat in the House of Lords in February, 1863. J On the 10th March, 1863, the Prince was mar- [ ried at Windsor to the Princess Alexandra of [ Denmark. In the winter of 1871, while staying [ with his family at Sandringham, Norfolk, the 'Prince was attacked with typhoid fever, which it was feared would prove fatal, but after several weeks' prostration he recovered, and on Feb- ruary 27, 1872, attended the memorable Thanks- giving Service in St. Paul's Cathedral. During 11875-6 the Prince went on an extensive tour through India. In company with the Princess he ] made a tour in Ireland in 1885, when he met with] ?a cordial reception. He evinced an active inter-I est in the promotion of a series of e hibitions 'held at South Kensington, and, despite consider-1 able opposition, succeeded in establishing the, J Imperial Institute. The Royal College of Music' ■ owes its establishment to the efforts of the ? Prince In 1893 he became a member of the Poor-' felaw Commission, and the following year did im- portant service to his country at ot. Petersburg,] whither he went on the death of the Czar in? November. In the Jubilee celebrations of 1897 he took a prominent part, especially in regard to the Prince of Wales's Hospital Fund for London. j A young man named Sipido shot at the Prince on April 4, 1900, as he was leaving the Nordj Station, Brussels, en route for Denmark. The* bullet missed the Prince. The honours conferred ? upon the Prince would, if enumerated, fill a con- | siderable space. He is Field-Marshal of the British Army, and holds a similar distinction inj the German Army. He is Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Freemasons of England, a position held since 1874. I Such is the briefest possible sketch of the out- standing incidents in the eventful life of Great Britain's King. The personality of his Majesty, has ever been before the British people. He is alj true Briton—proud of his country, gifted with] extraordinary tact, understanding the many- I sidedness of his subjects as few Englishmen can; 'understand them. A close student of contem-t porary history, and personally acquainted with alL the Ambassadors and chief Colonial Governors, 1 his knowledge of Imperial politics and secret in-; fluences that govern the world's history is excelled by that of no Englishman. His mind is extra-3 ordinarily quick in seeing and seizing a point, and, it has been a question with those whose intimacy ij enabled them to judge whether he, the late Lord: Randolph Churchill, or the Earl of Rosebery J :possessed the nimblest intellect. Amidst an Em-; pire's mourning for Victoria the Good, Edward; (VII., which will probably be the most popular; title with which he could ascend the throne, takes; 'up the sceptre dropped from the hands of Britain's; greatest and best-loved Queen. God save the; l.r' I  ? | Her Royal Highness Alexandra Caroline Marie? • Charlotte Louise Julie, who, as Princess of Wa!es,? has enshrined herself in the memories of all trueS Britons, is the daughter of Christian IX. of Den- mark, and was born at Copenhagen on December? ? 1, 1844. Since her marriage in 1863, she has bee dnceasing in good works for the benefit of the? p eo ple of his realm. Every good cause? ?has found in her a valued ally. Five ?children were born of the marriage,  .Albert Victor Christian Edward, Duke ofj ?Clarence and Avondale, born at Frogmore Lodge, ?near Windsor, Jan. 8, 1864, died 1892; Georg' I ?'Frederick Ernest Albert, Duke of York, born at Marlborough House, June 3, 1865; Louise Vie toria Alexandra Dagmar (Duchess of Fife), born ?at Marlborough House, February 20, 1867; Vic- toria Alexandra Olga Marie, born at Marlborough r.House. July 6, 1868; and Maud Charlotte Marie VictoTia (Princess Charles of Denmark), born a tMarlborough House, November 26, 1869. | THE FIRST COUNCIL. THE KING'S TITLE. I The toliowing appeared in the Court Circular .a Wednesday: St. James's Palace, January 23. The King held his first Council to-day at St. Jtmes's Palace. Previously thereto the Lords of the Council, of whom more than a hundred were 1esent, the Lord Mayor, aldermen and other ?of&cials of the city of London, who attended m their robes of omce, and other noblemen an?e?rdd gentlemen who were 'also present, approved a [proclamation proclaiming his Majesty as King Edward VII. The proclamation was signed by the members of the Royal family present, the Arch- (bishops of Canterbury and York, a large number lof other Privy Councillors, and by the Lord Mayor, a.nd other representatives of the city. At the "Council his Majesty made a declaration, which was ordered to be published, and his Majesty subsequently took and subscribed the oath for the security of the Church of Scotland. The Privy Council present were then re-sworn of his Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, and the Lord Chancellor, the Lord President, and the Lord Privy Seal took the oath of their respective offices. I A correspondent writes —The Privy Councillors iwere deeply impressed with the simple declara- f tions the King made. He had been moved with emotIon, an d so had they who listened. The' important thing to know was that he had chosen to be styled Edward VII., and not Albert I. He had produced no surprise, as the Queen did when she refused the first name of Alexandrina. The title he has chosen has the authority of historic continuity, and with that advantage it involves the negation of the highest ambitions a King might have to create rather than to preserve. Bu the reason the King gave for his choice was one that will bring him an instant gift of his people's gratitude. He was guided, he said, only by the Queen's wish. Albert-Albert the Good-was to be a name connected only with the dear memory of the Queen. He assured the Councillors that he would do his utmost to be worthy of his great position. The King spoke with an appreciation of the responsibility of his position, and every member of the august assembly was deeply moved by the King's touching words, which were spoken with manifest depth of sincerity. Appended is the full text of the speech as published in a supplement to the Gazette ":— Your Royal Highnesses, my Lords, and Gentlemen, this is the most painful occasion on which 1 shall ever be called upon to address you. My first and melancholy duty is to announce to you the death of My beloved Mother the Queen, and I know how deeply you, the whole Nation, and I think I may say the whole world, sympathise with Me in the irreparable loss we have all sustained. I need hardly say that My constant endeavour will be always to walk in Her footsteps. In under- K taking the heavy load which now devolves upon Me, I am fully determined to be a Constitutional Sovereign in the strictest sense of the word, and as long as there is breath in My body to work for the good and amelioration of My people. I have resolved to be known by the name of Edward, which has been borne by six of My ancestors. In doing so, I do not undervalue the name of Albert, which I inherit from My ever to be lamented, great and wise Father, who by j universal consent is I think deservedly known by the name of Albert the Good, and I desire that his name should stand alone. In conclusion, I trust to Parliament and the Nation to support Me in the arduous duties which now devolve upon Me by inheritance, and to which I am i etermined to devote My whole strength during the remainder of My life." I THE DUKE OF YORK'S TITLE. I The titles of Prince of Wales and Earl!S I of Chester do not descend to the Duke of York,11 ut may be conferred upon him at the King's!! pleasure. The dukedom of Cornwall, however, 'p?'e(,eini da to the son of a sovereign on succeeding S to the throne, and so the Duke of York maoyffl possibly style himself in future by the title of Duke of Cornwall and York. It is more than fl likely that the King will immediately confer fl the Princip&lity of Wales on his heir apparent. t LOCAL REMINISCENCES OF THE I KING. I Within the past thirty years or so the citizens of Chester have had several oppor- B tunities of according a loyal welcome to the Kintr, while Prince of Wales. Many of the fl older citizens will remember the first of those l occasions in October, 1869, when the Prince B opened the new Town Hall. On that occasion the Mayor (Alderman T. G. Frost) received the honour of knighthood. As soon as the formal f invitation from the Mayor to visit the city and perform the ceremony of opening the present handsome Town Hall was accepted by the Prince of Wales, arrangements were immediately commenced for giving the Royal couple, for it was then anticipated that the Princess would be present, a hearty welcome. A public meeting was held in the Music Hall where the Mayor (Mr., now Sir, Thomas Frost) announced his intention of subscribing XZW towards the general expenses, in addition to giving a dejeuner at the opening and a full dress ball in the evening. The meeting was a large one, and everyone seemed anxious to follow so good an example, the result being tha inearly X2,000 was subscribed in the room. lfl This sum was afterwards augmented by a sub- Iscription of £1,000 from the Marquis of West- J minster, and by contributions from the bishop, blergy, leading gentry, and tradesmen in the J city, until a sum of nearly X4,500 was realised. j A general committee was at once formed, and out of it sub-committees were created for the purpose of carrying out the arrangements for I giving a loyal welcome to the Prince and Princess. It was only about two weeks before the date of the Royal visit that all hope of the J Princess accompanying her husband was abandoned, the delicate state of her health for, bidding her undergoing the excitement which: a visit to the city would entail. For several days the municipal employes were occupied in the stupendous work of erecting three galleries in the Town Hall Square to accommodate three thousand people, and the streets and business premises throughout the city were decorated B in a most elaborate manner. On the arrival of the Prince business was entirely suspended The various lodges of Oddfellows, Courts of Foresters, and City Guilds took up their position on either side of the route from the I'Eastgate to the Railway Station. The pro- cession, consisting of the Mayer and magi-M istrates Sheriff, aldermen and councillors, the Ibishop: dean, clergy, and ministers of all !^denominations, was formed at the Old Palace, and proceeded to the railway station, headed by the band of the 6th Chester Rifle Volunteers. The Mayor (Mr. T. G. Frost) was arrayed in scarlet robe and gold chain of office, the Recorder (Mr., now Sir, Horatio Lloyd) in full bottomed wig and gown, the Sheriff (Mr. W. -Farish), also in his robes of office, and accom- jg 'panied by his chaplain (the Rev. J. F. Howson). [Others in attendance included the Prime [Minister, the Lord-Lieutenant (Lord Egerton lof Tatton), Earl Grosvenor and his son (Lord [Belgrave), Lord De Tabley, Sir Philip deB Malpas Grey Egerton, M.P., in the uniform of ,the Earl of Chester's Yeomanry Cavalry, and .Earl Grosvenor, wearing the uniform of the jsame regiment. The Prince, who was § iaccorded a most enthusiastic reception atth station by a tremendous concourse of people, was]! escorted to the Grosvenor Hotel by a detach- f f ment of the Earl of Chester's Yeomanry under J < the command of Lieut. W. Mavsmor Williams,?! |a guard of honour of the 4th King's Own, and j ?the local volunteers commanded by Colonel Humberston. The Prince, on entering the hotel, ?waa received in the vestibule by Lady Constance jj PGrosvenor and her two daughters. In the even- | ing the city was brilliantly illuminated. The day on which the Prince opened the Town Hall j t {was observed as a general holiday, and the streets were thronged by people from all parts iof the county. At the Grosvenor Hotel the Prince received representatives from various Masonic lodges in the county, and was presented I* with an address on their behalf by Lord de Tabley (the P.G.M. of the district). The address from the County of Chester j ?was afterwards presented to his Royal Highness in the hotel by Lord] ] Egerton of Tatton. At the opening ceremony, the Prince was presented with addresses of wel- ?come from the Corporation and citizens, the Dean a ?and Chapter of Chester Cathedral, the Roman g | Catholic Priesthood, and the Nonconformist min- I isters. After the ceremony the Prince was enter- f tained by the Mayor at a banquet, and subse- quently a ball was held in the Assembly Room of ,the new Town Hall. n ? The Prince of Wales paid his second visit to ?Chester on January 19th, 1886, on which occasion ?he was the guest of the Duke of Westminster at 3 Eaton Hall. Though the Prince's visit was of a3 private nature, the citizens, true to their loyal a traditions, did not allow such a conspicuous even, to pass without a demonstration and a marked if display of loyalty. Unfortunately, the Princess? was unable to accompany M.K.rL. to EatonZ through ill-health. The whole city w;?sM.?. less en fete on the arrival of his Royal Highness, and the city was elaborately decorated for the 2 occasion. The Prince, who was accompanied by. his sons (Prince Albert Victor of Wales and Prince George of Wales), was received at the railwav station by the Mayor (Mr. G. A. Dickson), in full insignia, and accompanied by the sword and mace- ] bearers, the Recorder (Sir Horatio Lloyd), the Sheriff (Mr. G. Dutton), the ex-Mayor (Alderman, C. Brown), and Aldermen Sir T. G. Frost, W.111, Johnson and Cartwr19ht, attired in their robes J etc., of office. After the Royal party had driven' [off a procession was formed to the Town HaU,? consisting of the members of the Artillery and irifle Volunteer Corps with their bands, the mem- j hbers and officials of the Corporation, and the] ?garrison troops, j When the Prince of Wales next paid a visit to Chester in June, 1893 the ancient city stood in the proud position of having just outside its gates th greatest agricultural show in the world-the 54th annual exhibition of the Royal Agricultural Society of England. His Highness, though de- sirous of making his stay in Cheshire as quiet as possible, was persuaded to receive an address, though with the briefest ceremony possible, at the base of the Town Hall steps. The Prince, iwho was accompanied on his visit by Prince Christian and Colonel Stanley Clarke, equerry-in- lwaiting, was the guest of the Duke of Westmin- ister at Eaton Hall, and he, of course, paid a visit ito the Royal Show, and attended a meeting of the Royal Society, of which he was a member, on the showground, and delivered a speech. ) In May, 1897, their Royal Highnesses the iPrince and Princess of Wales and Princess Vi ,toria passed through the city on a visit to the :Duke and Duchess of Westminster at Eaton, an loyal Chester fully maintained her ancient tra- 1 Iditions on that occasion. The citizens heartily co- operated with the Corporation in their Qffo to | [make the old city look as attractive as possible, rand gaily decked with bunting, the streets andl Rows have rarely presented a more attractive I appearance. The Royal party broke their journey to Eaton h? ?. ? ? ?- Town Hall, where they 'r";), ,r. Y the Mayor, Recorder, i u. ???-?.? and T, n Clerk, who wore their ? ''? onlca. and t*' ince was pre- sented by t 'villi ar ,s of welcome from the cn?o.up Tbttr R' ghnesses con- cluded the:? Yis.' ?? =-r'JU.i. nd Mrs. Glad- stone with & :11' Aft?r ben )tographed in' ? front of th: ''all Jvucn ) party rode onl the light 1 > r iiiiL>up tii r n the park to i,the Belgravo \'I.t"CT, the p nee and Prin-j if cess andsul(. and :1, :e and l' chess alighted. I The party r. carri!. to Hawarden, f Castle, whor. ,1" fd"j i women pen-t sioners w(,r, rg Gladstone's .1, home, while ranged in front of the Castle entrance was a guard of honour of the 2nd V.B. R.W.F., consisting of members of the Hawarden, Flint, Caergwrle, Mold, and Holywell Companies. With this exception no formality was observed, the visit being entirely 01 a private character. Mr. and Mrs. Gladstone and the members of their family received their Royal Highnesses in the Golden Wedding Porch, and the meeting was of an extremely cordial char-I acter, the Princess affectionately kissing Mrs.1 Gladstone. After lunch the Prince and Princess, and Mr. and Mrs. Gladstone were photographed in the Golden Wedding Porch. Mrs. Gladstone and the Prince were seated, and respectively behind them stood Mr. Glad- stone and the Princess. The group was a striking one, and it will linger long in the recollection of those who were privileged to witness it. At the Castle the leavetaking was of a touching description. The Princess said Good-bye, mother," to Mrs. Gladstone. and the venerable lady kissed her Royal Highness on the cheek. The last visit to Chester of the Prince of Wales was so recent as May in 1899. The Prince attended the race meeting each day, and stayed during the Races with Colonel and Mrs. Cornwallis-Wrest at Ruthin Castle. Though the visit to Chester was strictly of a private char- acter, his Royal Highness consented to receive the Mayor and a few civic representatives on his arrival, and was accorded a most enthusiastic reception by the citizens and the teeming thousands of visitors.





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