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Detailed Lists, Results and Guides

CHESTER SCIENCE, ART AND TECHNICAL SCHOOLS. PRIZE DISTRIBUTION. DR* HODGSON ON DOMESTIC SCIENCE. The prizes and certificates awarded to the successful students at the Chester School of Science and Art and Technical Schools during the session 1899-1900 were presented by Lady Lettice Grosvenor, in the Town Hall on Friday evening. A large attendance in the Assembly Room was pre- sided over by the Mayor (Mr. H. T. Brown), and included Dr. W. Hodgson (of Crewe), the Mayoress, the Sheriff of Chester and Mrs. Edgar Dutton, Mrs. Keith Douglas, the Rev. J. F. Howson, Dr. Duff, Dr. Stolterfoth (chairman of the governing body), Messrs. G. A. Dickson, J. R. Rae, J. Williamson, R. Newstead, J. D. Siddall, G. R. Griffith (hon. sec.), James Williams (hon. treasurer), J. A. McMichael (headmaster of technical day school), W. G. Schroder (art mas- ter), John Dodd (clerk to governing body), &c.- Letters of apology for absence were received from the High Sheriff of Cheshire and Mrs. Roberts, the Bishop of Chester and Mrs. Jayne, Sir Thomas and Lady Frost, Mr. Henry Tollemache, M.P., Mr. Jas. Tomkinson, M.P., Mr. Rogers, Mr. Thomas Shepheard and Col. and Mrs. Dixon. Mr. Jas. Williams submitted the annual financial statement, which shewed a more satisfactory state of affairs than last year, as they had made a small profit out of the funds at their disposal on the year's working. The total cost of carrying on the work of the schools was £2,401 16s. 6d., and the total year's income from all sources £ 2,448 Os. 9d. The nett cost of working the in- stitution during last year was JE857 18s. 5d., after allowing for the earnings of the pupils. This was met by the grant from the Government duties of £ 750, the County Council contribution of J378, from Dr. Oldfield's Charity E70 2s. 8d., and from the Raikes Memorial Scholarship Fund of L6, making a total of JB904 2s. 8d., leaving a balance to the credit of the year's revenue account of J646 4s. 3d. That, however, had been absorbed in re- ducing the balance due to the bank incurred in former years, and of which there now remained still due to the bank a sum of JB505 18s. 9d. The grants earned by the -students were larger than those of any previous year by about five per cent. (Applause.) The annual report of the governing body on the work of the school, which was presented by Dr. Stolterfoth, stated that they had the satisfaction of being enabled once more to record an increase in the total number of students. It would be noticable that by far the largest numbers were in connection with the evening classes, and in view of the fact that the school was originally founded to increase the efficiency and technical skill of those engaged in the various trades of the city and district, it was a matter for congratula- tion. At the same time it was most important to bear in mind that a considerable proportion of the work done in evening classes was limited in scope by the insufficient preliminary training of many of the students. It was on this account that they must regard the technical day school as one of the most important departments of the insti- tution. In the evening classes they could not hope to do much beyond instruction, whereas in the day school they aimed at the far higher and more important work of education, i.e., the de- velopment of thinking powers and other faculties. The day school underwent an annual inspection by several inspectors of the Board of Education, South Kensington, on the results of which the annual grants were assessed. It was gratifying to know that the report was eminently satisfac- tory, and that the grant was higher than in any previous year. During the past session the grants from the day and evening classes, received for the work of the previous session, were assessed under the new regulations in the form of an attendance grant based on the inspector's report, coupled with the examination results, instead of as for- merly being grants on examination results pure and simple. The result was very satisfactory to the school, the aggregate grants being consider- ably in excess of those formerly obtained. The grants on the past session's work had not yet been awarded, but an equally satisfactory return was hoped for, as the examination results had been distinctly in advance of those obtained in former years. The new system of registration of at- tendances enforced by the Board of Education was exceedingly stringent-those who arrived late being marked absent-and as the grants depended directly on the number of attendances, the im- portance of regularity and punctuality must be impressed on all students. The subject of secondary (including science, art and technical) education had received very considerable atten- tion, in view of the legislation promised by the Government for the efficient organisation of local authorities for secondary education. The con- stitution of the local authority for secondary (in- cluding science, art and technical) education would, it was expected, shortly be the subject of legislation. The question was, therefore, a mat- ter of serious concern to the Technical Instruction Committees of the county boroughs, whose councils devoted all the funds derived from the local taxation (customs and excise) grant to the promotion of technical education and, in addition, in the great majority of instances, also levied rates for the same purpose. As by the terms of the Technical Instruction Act of 1889, the admin- istration of science and art education, including modern languages and commercial and agricul- tural subjects, devolved upon the county and borough councils, it would appear that these councils would be the proper authorities to en- trust with the further duties required in the ad- ministration of secondary education, acting by means of a committee upon which representative persons of educational, industrial and commercial experience would be co-opted by the City Council; reserving, however, to the Council, as representing the ratepayers, two-thirds of the total member- ship. It was clear, therefore, that the best inter- ests of secondary education demanded that, for educational purposes at least, the urban districts coterminous with the county borough should be regarded as within the province of the local authority, and be administered by it as the authority responsible for the establishment and control of secondary education in all its forms. The governing body tendered hearty thanks to the Corporation and the trustees of Dr. Oldfield's Charity for their financial support; also to the Free Public Library Committee for the use of books to the students. The governing body, in conclusion, referred to the steady and satisfactory progress of the schools. An increasing number of students was each year brought to the institu- tion, and the quality of the work done was surely if slowly rising. The comparatively small cost at which this great work was done fully justified the confidence with which it appealed for the hearty support of all within the area of its operations. The Mayor, in moving the adoption of the report and statement of accounts, congratulated the committee and the Board upon the result of the year's work. He understood the schools were now more than paying their own way. For the usm of £ 2,400, which was the entire cost of the work of the institution, an enormous amount of instruction was given, for as many as 2,136 persons were receiving instruction at the schools. He thought they would agree with him that the cost for such excellent instruction was extremely small One subject which he wished to call attention to was the instruction given to boys and girls in the elementary schools. He found that from the elementary schools com- paratively few boys availed themselves, or were allowed to avail themselves, of the advantages of the technical schools. The returns shewed that the manual training classes were attended by only 146 boys from the elementary schools— a number that seemed very small considering the large number of boys educated in elementary schools. The girls of the elementary schools, however, attended the domestic department class to the number of 334. He was somewhat struck with the great disparity in the numbers sent from the various elementary schools to take advantage of the opportunities at the science and art schools. The numbers varied from thirty to three. There might be good reasons for that which were unknown to him, but it seemed a thousand pities that the children from the ele- mentary schools should not avail themselves largely of the advantages which could be derived from the technical and domestic department classes. The Rev. J. F. Howson seconded the resolu- tion, which was carried. Lady Lettice having distributed the awards, Dr. Hodgson delivered an interesting address on various educational topics of the day. The whole scheme of the schools appeared to him to be a most excellent one. In Chester they had not any special industry which required very particular technical training such as would be found in many of the industrial centres of this country, and therefore it was necessary to en- deavour to get, as they appeared to have done, a good hold of the people in the way of general culture. He did not altogether like the word technical as it was used to-day, and probably a few years hence they would be able to restore the word to its proper meaning. Looking down the list of subjects taught at this institution, he found only one branch which could be strictly called technical, and that was the technological class. The bulk of their work was work of secondary education. They began with the con- tinuation classes. There were probably no classes more needed in populous centres than continuation classes, which got down to the brains of the people on the lowest rung of the ladder. Boys and girls who left school very early, sometimes to earn bread to support a family, had very few opportunities of getting more than a smattering of knowledge, which served them very slightly indeed, and it was a glorious sight for anyone interested in education to see people who had had few advantages able to benefit by instruction which would open out life to them in ever so much fuller a way than was possible without further educational train- ing. But they were going further still, and if he liked one portion of their work more than another for its usefulness it was the domestic classes. He was afraid they were not J so popular as they ought to be, and why he could not imagine. Wealthy people were comparatively independent of domestic culture, and anyone who could afford a good chef was fairly independent with reference to the cooking of food. But when they came to the middle class, and more particularly the working class, there arose a very serious question. The domestic question was becoming more important. Girls living in large towns, who worked in factories, neglected the very elements of domestic science which some day they might wake up to find was the most necessary thing in the world to know. He thought every girl, no matter how she might be placed, ought to know everything in domestio science. (Applause.) A girl might not have occasion to apply her knowledge practically, but, unless she was unusually placed, she would have I occasion to take some kind of oversight How few girls there were who seemed to have very much notion of the domestic sciences! Depend upon it, there was no peace in any house where there was very bad cooking. (Laughter and hear, hear.) He thought it was almost as important that a girl should learn dressmaking. It would certainly conduce, not only to the peace of the home, but very much to the beauty of domestic surroundings if all girls knew how to make the most of the very cheap dress materials which could be obtained nowadays. (Applause.) He was sure the domestic classes were doing more to improve the comfort and add to the beauty of many hundreds of homes than it was possible for them to realise. He had sometimes seen homes where girls and women attended domestic classes, and where there had been a vastly improved con- dition to that before advantage was taken of the classes in domestic science. (Applause.) With- out wishing to dictate to the committee, he sug- gested that the people who were trained in domestic science should have an elementary knowledge of sickness. Passing on to the sub- ject of secondary education, the speaker remarked that the institution was doing a great deal of work in that subject. All their evening classes, and especially the secondary day schools, shewed they were keenly alive to the requirements of the community. He hoped "they would be able to develop secondary education in the near future to a greater degree than they had been able to do in the past with the means at their disposal. They were often told that they were a long way behind continental countries, especially Germany, in matters of education. In the report of the governing body he was much struck with the emphasis they laid upon the difficulties in their evening classes on account of the lack of greater preliminary education. No doubt some of the difficulties in some of their evening classes were due to that lack of pre- liminary knowledge, and in the secondary day .schools they would supply the very basis of all that was best in preliminary knowledge—that was, they supplied the methods by which the brain would be cultivated. It was much better to teach a brain how to think than to fill it with facts. Facts, of course, were needed in educa- tional work, and there was still work for the "crammers." To teach brain culture and in- tuition was the work of secondary education. It was sometimes rather misgiving to find how brilliant minds that could absorb an enormous number of facts quickly and brilliantly ,rapidly went behind in the competition of life, and gave place to those who had been slower, but had made better use of their methods and used their brain in such a way that they began to think better. It was perfectly true that on the Continent a step in advance of this country had been made in this respect, that technical educa- tion started when secondary education finished. It was a pre-requisite for entrance into the best technical institutes in Germany that a leading certificate from the secondary school should first be obtained by the student, and they would readily understand that entry with a cultivated brain into the study of the technicalities of an industry was of very great advantage. It was not to be wondered at if some of our industries had not kept pace with the times, and it was necessary that there should be a much better use made of the cultivation of the brains of our youth in the principle of secondary education if we were to take our proper position in the com- petition with other nations in the business of this life. Referring to the new Secondary Education Bill, the speaker remarked that it would be mainly on the lines of that intro- duced last session, with some modifications. The tirst principle would have to be the creation of the new authority, and the proposal which found acceptance in the last Bill, and he believed still obtained in the mind of the Board of Education, was that the unit of area should be the County Council or the county borough. It was very important, if the best was to be done in the provision of secondary education, that large sums of money should be at the disposal of the authorities. He was glad the city of Chester handed over so much of the money to these schools which it received from the (local taxation revenues, but he had no doubt the committee could do with even a little more. He wished he could congratu- late this city upon doing as much as some of the smaller boroughs of the county. He thoughtjthe county of Chester and the city of Chester ought for some purposes of education to work in unison. Districts like Hoole and Newton, which had a special identity of interest with Chester, should in some way be united with the new, authority, which would be con- stituted in that city by the Bill for the purposes of providing secondary instruction. On the motion of Mr. G. A. Dickson, seconded by the Sheriff, a hearty vote of thanks was passed to Lady Lettice Grosvenor for her services.—Dr. Hodgson was thanked for his address on the initiative of Mr. McMichael, seconded by Mr. Schroder.—Mr. James Williams moved a vote of thanks to the Mayor for pre- siding, and to the Corporation for the use of the assembly room.-Mr. J. D. Siddall, in seconding, referred to the active part the Corporation took in the management of the schools. No less a sum than R20,000 had been spent entirely from voluntary contributions on tne erection of the Museum. He hoped the day was not far distant when the Corporation would help the institution by a grant of £ 300 a year, which was all that was required to carry on the work. -The Mayor, in reply, said if the necessity arose to rate Chester for the purposes of secondary education, he was confident the Corporation and the city at large would be most willing to rate themselves for so admirable a purpose. I PRIZE LIST. I TECHNICAL DAY SCHOOL. I PRIZE WINNERS. jonn Aioert Hester, President s prize tor the most successful science student, and certificates; Fred. P. Jones, commercial subjects, and certifi- cates; John McGivering, art work, and certifi- cates; Charles E. Morris, 4th form, and certifi- cates; Henry G. Sandfield, 6th form, and certifi- cates; Joseph F. Tallon, 5th form, and certifi- cates. Certificates were gained by the following:- Morton Frank Brown, Charles Butterworth, Thomas Peter Candeland, Reginald T. Cotterill, Norman J. Dandy, Fred Darlington, Norman Dixon, Arthur W. Dodd, Charles Colley Dudley, Henry G. Fearnside, John R. Gregory, George Edward Hewitt, Robert H. Johnson, John R. Jones, Warren Jones, William E. Jones, Richard Beniah Keane, Philip Hugh Lawson, Arthur H. Lodge, Gair Pickering, Edward S. Powell, Saml. Purcell Smith, Frank Stockton, Frank M. Tasker, John Percy Wansell, Arthur J. H. Wild, Harry Williams, William E. Woolley. I SCIENCE AND ART CLASSES. I PRIZE WINNERS. Reginald L. Barnett, physiography, and certifi- cates; Jessie Beswick. Vacation Sketching Club (elementary section), 1st prize, study of a flower; Marian Beswick, Vacation Sketching Club (ele- mentary section), 2nd prize, study of a flower; William Bithell, machine construction and draw- ing, and certificate; Margaret S. Bowers, electrical group, practical magnetism and electricity, and certificate. Thomas E. Chamber- el?ctricitoyr, thand (speed); Frank G. Cooke, 5th aggregate art prize, and certificates; Nessie Davies, Vacation Sketching Club (advanced section), lrst prize, landscape, 1st prize, study of the human figure; Thomas Davies, building con- struction (elementary), and certificates; Thomas M. Dutton, applied mechanics, and certificate; Henry Dew, building construction, and certifi- cate; Ethel Dye, Vacation Sketching Club (ele- mentary section, 2nd prize, s ketches in outline; Lionel Earlam, commercial arithmetic, and certifi- cate; Janet Errington, human physiology, and certificates; Arthur V. Ellison, practical inorganic chemistry, and certificates; John J. Evans, 1st aggregate science prize, building trades group, and certificates; Charlotte Evans, 1st art group prize (elementary), and certificates; John George Fergusson, magnetism and electricity, and certifi- cate; Jessie R. Furber, 7th aggregate art prize, Vacation Sketching Club (advanced section), 1st prize, study of trees, and certificates. Monica F. Gardner, medical and biological group, and certificates; John Frederick Halliday, business routine, and certificate; William Herbert Hope, bookkeeping, and certificate; Louie Johnson- Jones, Vacation Sketching Club (advanced section), study of animals; John Jenkyn Jones, 6th aggregate art prize, and certificates; H. Ivor Jones, 2nd aggregate science prize, and certifi- cates Sarah Laing, theoretical inorganic chemistry, and certificate; John Lomas, book- keeping, and certificate; Harry Mansley, 2nd art group prize (elementary), and certificates; Wm. Milton, engineering group prize (applied me- chanics), and certificates; Mary J. H. Monkhouse, pharmaceutical and chemical group prize, and certificates; James Mould, practical plane and solid geometry, and certificate; Mary Minshull, hygiene, and certificates; Patrick G. Nagle, Vacation Sketching Club (elementary section), 1st prize, sketches in outline, and certificates; Her- bert Partington, 3rd aggregate science prize, com- mercial group prize, and certificate; Thomas Henry Pate, shorthand, and certificate; John Bailey Piercy, 3rd aggregate art prize, Va- cation Sketching Club (advanced section) 1st prize, design for Vacation Sketching Club card, and certificates; Edward Pritchard, geometrical draw- ing and certificate; Edward Rimmer, national competition book prize for architectural design; Gertrude M. Siddall, national competition book prize for group in water-colours, and 2nd aggre- gate art prize, and certificates; Jas. A. Stevenson, the president's prize for the most successful art student of the session, Queen's prize for perspec- tive, Queen's prize' for modelling from life, prize in national competition for set of works, and cer- tificates; E. ivi. A. Thornthwaite, Randolph Caldecott Memorial prize (applied art prize, em- broidery and design), and certificate; Reginald A. Tait, machine construction and drawing, French and certificates; John Alex. Vincent, business routine and certificates; May Lightfoot Walker, 4th aggregate art prize and certificate; James Wedgwood, 3rd group art prize (elemen- tary) and certificates; Thos. Alfd. Williams, bronze medal in the national competition for archi- tectural design; Margt. J. Williams, teachers' group prize and certificate; Saml. Whitworth, botany. Certificates were awarded to the following:- Henry D. Adams, Wm. Rowe Aldis, Florence Andrew, Edward F. Andrew, Wm. C. Armstrong, Aruold Atherton, James G. Atherton, Geo. Leonard Atkinson, Herbert Bairstow, G. Wilfen- dale Ballance, Wm. E. Brown, Frances Bradshaw, Agnes M. Beswick, Rowland B. Brooks, Fred. G. Bennett, Harry Bowers, Florence Brewer, Arthur H. Bardsley, Louis John Benyon, Stephen Hy. Benyon, Lily Bianchi, John Fredk. Boulton, Ethel F. Catley, Lilian Corbett, Chas. W. Crosby, A. N. Coveney, Wm. Hy. Clegg, Robt. J. Cop- pack, Harold Corderv, Arthur C. Crowe, Henry C. Carter, Thos. D. Thornthwaite, Elsie Cummin, Lucy Cram, Charlie Chaloner, Nellie Christie, Margery Cockrill, Jas. Hy. Davies. Horace W. I Dutiou, Ifred. A. Jjaym, David Bicbard Daviw, I Gertrude Dodd, John Dodd, Alfred Edwin Dol- phin, Arthur Dryland, John Dunn, Beatrice Ed- wards, Ethel M. Evans, Alfred Evason, Wm. H. Ellis, May Edwards, Frank Flanagan, Ernest A. Farnworth, Cecil Foreman, Herbert George, Geo. Hy. Grant, John B. Gregory, Jos. Henry Griffith, Thos. W. Hodgson, Thos. Hetherington, Robt. W. Hunter, Edward Holland, John E. Harris, Florence E. Higgins, Annie Hayes, Albert John Hodgkinson, Lucy Edith Hawkins, Edith Holo- way, Eliz. E. Higgins, Evelyn Hewitt, Wm. Thos. Hill, Kate Hobson, Ernest Fredk. Howell, Keith Falconer Irving, Alice Maud S. Jones, Benjamin S. Jones, Charlotte B. Jones, Walter Jenkinson, John Bishop Jackson, Thos. Henry Knight, Horace S. Kirk, Tom Vincent Knowles, Wm. Jos. Levingston, Augustus H. Lawrence, Ellen Lewis, Wm. J. Mayers, Wm. Manifold, Edward J. Mansley, Edward J. Mills, John Minshull, Chas. Minns, Alpen McGregor, Margaret Eleanor Maher, Robt. Matthewson, Chas. E. Meacock, Annie Morris, John Moss, Henry Norcott, Chas. R. Nicholson, Florence Orrett, George Parry, George Parker, John D. Parry, Lily Piercy, John C. Parker, Dorothy Parkes, John H. Phil- lips, Samuel Hewitt Pritchard, Wm. P. Roberts, Oliver E. Reeves, Henry W. Roberts, Luke V. Roberts, James Raynes, Chas. B. Roberts, Harry P. Roby, Reginald E. Raynes, William Rogers, Fred. C. Sanders, Harold G. Stanway, Harold Sandford, Alexander Stevenson, John Sconce, Herbert Evans Seller, Sydney F. Sprang, Phillip Alburv Stubbs, Clara Jane Swindales, George Taylor, Albert Thompson, Geo. W. Tremlett, Irene Tanner, Albert Uren, Thos. Vickers, Amy Winfield, Arthur G. Weighill, Hugo Wolff, Sara Ward, Edward J. Williams, Harry Williams, Or- lando F. Windsor, Sarah E. W. Williams, Fredk. Williams, John Williams, George H. Williams, Emma F. Williams, Adelaide Webster, Ernest Walker, Wm. Henry Walters, Frank Warrington, Thos. Leonard Wood, Katherine Woollam, Frank Worrall, Thos. Horace Wynne, Ann J. Youde.



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