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RURAL LIFE. BY A SON OF THE SOIL. A "Two MnmTE" CHURN. At the recent show of the Smithfield Club great interest was taken in a new churn which was shewn by a noted East Anglian firm, and Atnee then I have been able to get a sketch of it, ea well as some details of what is certainly a marvellous dairy appliance. Its mechanism is so simple that anyone can work it with ease, and it 18 built on a substantially-constructed pitch-pine frame, 6trongly stayed, and thus preventing vibration. The body of the churn is octagonal in ehape, built of the best oak, and well finished. It is fitted with cast-iron ends, forming stuffing- boxes and bearings all in one casting, and the .1 ends are interchangeable. The main spindle is niade of best mild steel, running in roller-bear- ings, driven by machine-moulded or machine-cut gear. The spur-wheel is also fitted with roller- bearings, and gears on to a pinion, increasing the speed to 400 revolutions per minute. The churn is fitted with glands and stuffing-boxes, effectu- ally to prevent the cream from passing through the gland-bearings. A balance fly-wheel is fixed to the end of the main spindle, which ensures great smoothness of running, and largely in- creases the ease with which the dashers can bo turned. The last-named are most simple in con- struction, and can be easily removed for cleans- ing purposes and for the extraction of butter. The time taken in churning is considerably A WONDERYCYL CHUHST. I lessened on account of the air-valves, which per- mit the circulation of air through the cream, and at the same time cause the butter to have excel- lent keeping qualities, a detail of the utmost im- portance. The average time taken to produce butter is from one and a-half to two minutes. A WORD ON MINOBCAB. Minorcas are next to the Leghorns in laying qualities. They are in appearance very similar to the Leghorns. Their general outline is, in fact, that of the latter, but with more length of body and heavier in mould. They are one of the most profitable breeds of poultry for the farm. Their flesh is while or light coloured and fine grained. Their chief advantage is their egg production. They are non-sitters and year- round layers. As winter layers they are ex- ceptionally good when kept under fairly favour- able circumstances. While the Leghorns sur- pasa them in the number of eggs laid, the Minorcas' eggs are larger and equal the output in bulk. Their eggis are white and average eight to the pound. They lay from fourteen to fifteen dozen a year. Being of an active and restless disposition they keep in splendid condi- tion and make good foragers. They are hardy, easily raised, and mature quickly. There are three principal varieties—the Black Minorcas, the White Minorcas, and the Rose Comb Minorcas. The latter are usually black. The only objection that is made to the Black Minorcas is that their large oomb9 are easily froten in cold climates. Tlx? Rose Comb Minorcas entirely overcome this objection. Standard males 'olb. fenwiles 6jlb. As to classi- fication they belong to the Mediterranean class. A BANTAM HOUSE AXD SCEATCHING SHED. The illustration given of a cheap and useful Bantam-house and scratching-shed will interest keepers of poultry at this time of the year. It is made of tongued, grooved, and planed match- BANTAM HOOBE AND SCRATCHING SHED. I boards, on strong framing, the roof being covered with selected weather boards, planed and rebated. There is an outside nest-box, but no floor; while such fittings as perches and a slide to the entrance make it very complete. The front of the scratching-shed is covered with lin meah best galvanised wire-netting; while the root is covered with planed weather boards. The 4ft" Jon&> 3ft. wide, and 5ft. 4in. high • wnile the size of the scratching-shed is 6ft. by 3ft. by 3ft. The two houses cost 35s., and they can be painted with rot-proof composition for 2&. 6d. extra. A PLOUGH AND SOWER. I am greatly obliged by the kindly note sent to me by a Hull correspondent with reference to notioes of certain novelties which have appeared in this column, and if he will supply me with dates I will try to let him have further details of the appliances about which he wants informa- tion. I think the illustration which is given tnis week will interest him, for most farmers admit that in certain circumstances they would like to Plough in seed corn on very light land, thus giving the plant a firm 6eed bed. Also, in late wheat sowing, to be able every day to sow, with- out extra labour, all the land that is ploughed; w"Ue, in unfavourable weather, the see<l can bo and harrowed as soon as the weather pcr- Corn put in in this way can be hoed as as drilled corn, and by iwing this inven- ~,on hand-sowing is dispensed" with. Every kind corn can be 60wn with this apparatus, and for cowing Peas and Beans, even when manure is A PLOUGH AND SOWER. ploughed in, it can be uceci to sow at the same time. The Beans, if required, can be dropped in bunches, so that they may be hoed; the appa- ratus is simply hooked on to an ordinary plough, and can be taken off when it is not required. THE UTILITY POULTRY CLUB'S LAYING COMPETITION. The Twelve Months' Competition has now run for three months, and the figures for the period are available. Twenty pens of six birds -each are taking part in the teat, and the birds are under the direct supervision and management of Mr. E. W. Richardson, the hon. secretary of the club, at his farm at Rayne, near Braintree, Essex. The pens are all housed separately, and have dupli- cate grass runs. Trap nests are used, so that the laying of every bird is faithfully recorded. The following arc the figures for the first three months, ending December 31st: (1) White Wyan- dottes, 245; (2) ditto, 193; (3) W. La Bresse, 186; (4) W. Wvandottes, 183; (5) ditto, 182; (6) Buff Rocks, 177; (7) W. W yandottes, 173; (8) W. Leg- horns, 168; (9) W. Wvandottes, 160; (10) Buff Rocks. 159; (11) W. Wvandottes, 136; (12) ditto, 123; (13) Houdans, 117; (14) Barred Rocks. 116; (15) Black Wyandottes, 111; (16 W. Leghorns, 99; (17) ditto, ta: (18) Buff Rocks, 63; (19) W. Leghorns. 57; (20) Partridge Wvandottes, 20. No great alterations have taken place in the position of the leading pens, except tl>e pen of La Bresse —that has moved from eighth to third. The ninth p^n has gone up seven places, and the second, twelfth, and tlrrteonth pens five places. The pen at the top If\ eighty-nine eggs during the month, as cg-iinft 107 last month, when it was also first. Better laying has come from those pens that did only fairly, or even badly, in the previous months; thus the ninth pen laid 115 eggs (a record for the competition), or an ave- rage of nineteen eggs per bird. The twelfth pen laid ninety-six eggs, and the thirteenth ninety- three, both those pens only laying •ome two dozen eggs during the previous two months; a bird in the former of these pens laid twenty- seven eggs, while another bird in the same pen has not laid an egg! The weather until late in the month was mild and generally wet. and the dry but cold weather that followed was accom- panied by bitter east winds and some snow. The birds. however, remain in good health. Unfor- tunately, some are mouiting-mostly Leghorns, CUT CLOVER VOB FOWLS. An ordinary chaff-cutter would do to cut clover hay into suitable lengths for fowls. The stuff could be etored in bulk in a dry place, or, when cut, in sacks. A handful of the dry material will be ample for three or four adult fowls. When one has the requisite quantity of the cut clover hay for the birds' masn, have it soaked in boiling water for ten or twelve hours, and then mix it with soft food. The Avln following information, which will doubtless prove of service, appeared in an American con- temporary a few years since: "Experience has often demonstrated the value of clover for egg- producing. Clover has just the material im it to form egg-shell, hence it becomes an essential part of every ration given to the fowls. It may not be generally understood that there are nearly 301b. of lime contained in each 1,0001b. of clover. The hens and pullets fed daily with clover will consequently prove better egg-layers than those denied it The clover hay should be given to fowls in winter in quantities sufficient to satisfy them; and to make them eat more it is desirable sometimes to prepare it in various ways. Cook and chop it. and mix it with meal or other stuff. This will sometimes induce the hens to consume a great amount of clover everv day. Cut into short lengths and mixed witn warm mash, and then given only as fast as the fowls will clean it up every day, is probably the most economical way to supply the clover. Some people cut the second crop of clover and plaoe it in the poultry-yard for the birds to eat and scratch over at pleasure This of itself is all right, but it is rather wasteful. More than half the clover will be lost, and the fowls do not actually eat much more than the leaves. The stalks contain most of the lime, and these should be prepared so that the birds will oon- sume them. Of all the foods that can be raised on a farm for poultry, clover is not only the best, but probably the cheapest, and a field of it is as essential to success as a pasture field is noceesarv to the success of dairying." Clover hay should be placed in a vessel at night and covered with boiling water. Cover the vessel tightly, so us to retain as much steam and mois- ture as popsible. Let it stand until the morning, and use both the clover and the liquid when pre- paring the mash. All correspondence affecting thia columanhoun be addressed to A Son of the Soil," Gale of the Editor of this journal.
FAIRS AND MARKETS. PEMBROKE DOCK, Friday, Jan. 24th. -CesEa lid. to Is. per lb.; ducks 3s. to 3s. 6d. faeJi; fowls 2s. 6d. to 3s. 6d. each; rabbits ad. to 9d. each; beef 6d. to lOd. per lb.; mutt m Bd. to lOd.; pork 8d.; butter Is. ld. to Is. 3d. per lb.; eggs 8 for Is. WHITLAND, Friday, Jan. 24th.—There was a fair attendance and supply, butter in casks realising from Is. Ogd. to Is, ld. per lb., whilst pound rolls varied from Is. ld. to Is. 2d. Eggs 13 to 14s for Is. Rabbits, 7d. each. Live fowls, 4s. to 4s. 6d. per couple. Dressed poultry 9jd. to lOd. per lb. Beef 7d. to SLl., mutton Ed. to 9d., and veal and pork 6d. to 7d. j er lb LLAN^iILO, Saturday, Jan. 25th.—Fm ill l-ittex Is. 2d. and Is. 3d. per lb., tub ditto is. 2d.; Australian butter Is. 2d.; cheese (ratli3r fri'aice) -Welsh 5&d. per lb., Caerphilly Md.; turkeys, trussed Is. per lb.; geese, trussed 111.; dinks, trussed lOd.; beef-prime joints ttd. iiier ci-.ts 8d. and 8 £ d.; mutton (very scarce) lOL; v«al— best joints 8d., other cuts 7d. and 7ed pork 8d.; game—pheasants 5s. and rs. till. I "r Liac"; hares 3s. and 3s. 6d. each; rabbits tfd. and ¡Od. each. CARMARTHEN, Saturday, Tar ifcth. An average supply of commodities were jn cfler to-day. Quotations :-Cask .,ultir Is Hd to Is. 3d. per lb.; fresh ditto Is. 3d. to Is; <:(L- atessed poultry-fowls 4s. to 5s. 6 1. (II r couple, ducks 2s. 9d. to 4s. 6d. each; ease 5s. 6d. to 7s. 6d.; turkeys 6s. 6d. to 8s.; eggs 10 ior l £ cheese 37s. 6d. to 41s. per cwt.
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SEASONABLE TOPICS. (From the "Mark Lane Express.") WAR AGAINST RATS. Respective generations of humanity have tried tried their best to keep down rats, but the never-ending warfare is now being made a public matter, and we read in the daily Press what a national danger the rodents are be- coming, and the consequent necessity of exter- mination. Just so; and as farmers we hold no plea for rats; in fact, we could very well dis- pense with their unwelcome company, but we know something of the pests, and extermination is by no means an easy matter. This view is shared by Mr. W. Andrews, who in his pro- fessional capacity has been fighting rats for nearly thirty years in the service of the Royal Albert and Victoria Docks, and his contention is that all we can hope to do is to keep them < under. This, we know, is all that farmers have been able to do up to now, and the) would gladly welcome any effective mode 01 extermination, if such a thing is possible. For our own part we think the rat plague might be reduced considerably if more combined efforts were made in the shape of organised clubs such as exist in some villages, which give payment and prizes to their members at perio- dical meetings for rats' tails presented on the above occasions. Under the auspices of these clubs .thousands of rats are destroyed every year, and if there were more of them the num- ber would be considerably increased and the plague would be reduced in proportion. THE POTATO TRADE. The sharp frosts experienced of late have had their effect on the supply of potatoes in the markets, and with smaller quantities on hand the prices have shown a marked upward ten- dency. Indeed, we may look upon potatoes as being amongst the good things in the crops of last year. Compared to 190<5, the quantity grown was considerably less than in the pre- vious season, and the average yield per acre somewhat smaller, while in 1906 the area under potatoes was greater than last year, according to the returns of the Board of Agriculture. Nothing, however, gives an impetus to the planting of potatoes like a good market, and it is quite likely that the acreage will be in- creased again next season. As for prices, well, potatoes have been a good trade ever since the crops were lifted, and not a long spell of frost would be needed to make them very dear. What the price will be later on-say, in May- remains to be seen, but everything points in the direction of something high; and in an- ticipation of this there is no anxiety on the part of growers to dispose of their stocks. As for seed potatoes for planting purposes, the rank and file of growers do not make many inquiries about these until the back of the winter is broken- and the chances of sharp frosts are reduced, but there is every probability of planters having to pay more for seed than they did last year. ENGINES ON FARMS. Not so long ago it was only on large, well- equipped farms that one saw an engine for such work as grinding, cutting chaff, etc., and cumbersome and costly contrivances they were, but the modern engineer has anticipated the requirements of the farmer in this direction, and there are now quite a number of handy little oil engines in the market that are mo- derate in price, reliable, easy to manipulate, and economical in the way of saving labour. It is in the implement yards at the shows where the engineer brings his wares before the notice of the farmer, and it is through seeing beautifully made engines at shows doing their work so easily and simply that men are in- duced to invest in one of these contrivances. Rarely do they repent it, and never if the farm is one where there is a good deal of power wanted for cutting and grinding, and the sight of a horse going round and round in a kind of circus ring and working the chaff-cutting inside the building is gradually growing less com- mon. One thing, of course, is essential with an engine-namely, to understand it and know how to work it. This does not require any great fund of engineering skill, for in the con- trivances of to-day simplicity is a feature, but it is when its working parts are neglected or allowed to get dirty that the farm engine begins to give some trouble. FARMERS AS POULTRY KEEPERS. "Farmers do not shine as bright lights in the poultry world." This, by the way, is an opin- ion expressed by a correspondent in these col- umns recently, and without any wish to hurt the feelings of any enthusiastic farmer poultry- keepers, we must say that there is a good deal of truth in the remark. As a matter of fact farmers, perhaps the majority of the fraternity, do not take their poultry keeping seriously enough. In other words, the returns from the poultry is looked upon as being something of a by-product, very much the same as the fruit from the orchard, and fowls are kept more as a matter of course rather than an essential part of the concern. Whether the poultry really pays or not is more than many a farmer could tell you, because no accounts are kept, and the mixed, mongrel nature of scores of farm- yard flocks is proof sufficient that not much attention is paid to breeds and strains. But if poultry on the farm is to be really profitable- and there are no conditions more suitable r it-it must be treated as a branch of the whole concern, like the stock, horses, sheep, and pigs. There is poultry keeping and poultry keeping, but there is a great difference between them. In one case the poultry is kept, or cultivated if you like, on the best lines with a view to profit, and in the other the fowls are merely kept-nothing more. CULTIVATION AND MANURE. Time is moving slowly along, every day is a little longer than its predecessor, and we feel that the sun gets warmer, if only just a little up to the present. The outlook is hopeful, and the higher prices obtained of late for farm produce acts as an incentive for us to spare no efforts in order to get as much from the gro ind as possible. To do this the farmer needs the aid of manure, part of which he produces < the place and the other part he gets in cca- centrated form from the artificial manure mer- chant. The latter costs money, but it is all essential commodity and cannot be dispensed with in the farming of to-day. Just so; t t manure is not everything, and cultivation stands for a great deal. Indeed, the word manure is derived from "manoeuvre," which means to till by hand, i.e., cultivation. How much manure is wasted through faultiness in cultural operations, and what part does good cultivation, deep tilth, and a fine seed-bed play in the successful growth of farm crops? Cul- tivation alone is not enough, neither is manure, but when the forces of both are brought to play in conjunction the best results are ob- tained. A Pennsylvania man has devised a machine to date hen's eggs, so that the purchaser may ascertain their age at a glance. His scheme is to provide a nest to which is attached a rubber chute, which conveys the egg to the dating appliances. The chute is arranged Vith rubber stops to lessen the speed of the egg as it rolls merrily on its way. The dating attachment is operated by clockwork, and one grinding will .keep it running a year, As the egg reaches the dater it is caught in a clutch and held in place While the stamp fs applied. The egg then runs into a basket.
LADIES' LETTER. WOMEN AND SMOKING. American women have never taken to smok- ing in public places, as is commonly seen in the restaurants and hotels of London and Paris. One is inclined to think that few women love tobacco for its own sake, and if they smoke it is probably out of bravado. Perhaps they be- lieve there is a certain amount of charm in the gesture of raising the two fingers to the mouth and coquettishly blowing out the smoke. The American woman, however, who is usuall-. well-balanced, appears to have looked with contempt upon such blandishments, and until- recently she was never seen smoking in th( better class, hotels and restaurants of New York. Now that she has begun to do 130 the authorities contemplate forbidding women to smoke in public places. It is a matter which would probably be better left to the good taste of the public, as interference is apt to provoke resentment, and when offenders real- ize that it is not good form for women to smoke in public, they usually leave off. SERVANTS' CHARACTERS. Giving a servant a character that is not strictly accurate is a rather common failing among mistresses. It is unfair to the next em- ployer, and it is not unattended by risk, as is evidenced by damages having been received against a mistress, upon whose recommenda- tion a servant obtained a situation as a lady's maid, and took tos tealing. The position is of course, Often one of great difficulty. The mistress may suspect and even know that a servant is pilfering, but is unable to prove it, and in any case unwilling to prosecute. She dismisses the servant, and if asked for a character, is placed on the horns of a dilemma. If she mentions her suspicions she lays her- self open to an action for defamation, while silence may and probably will bring trouble on the next employer. She therefore mostly makes a compromise with herself, and glosses over all failings as far as she can. The result is very often not satisfactory to the next em- ployer, but then the last mistress is apt to re- gard that of less importance than the risk of laying herself open to an action for defamation or slander. SPRING HEADGEAR. Early spring millinery is making its ap- pearance, and the crowns of many models are closely packed with small flowers, such as for- get-me-nots, violets, primroses, and tiny rose- buds. The brims are draped with wide silken scarves, knotted behind, the long ends falling over the hair on to the shoulders, and very much after the fashion of the floating veil. The new straws are wonderful, some looking very like masses of delicate lace, while others again closely resemble a heap of shavings. Fashionable milliners are as usual, making their own shapes, which they "build" upon their customers' heads, but those among us who are unable to afford so costly a procedure, need not despair, for never perhaps has there been such a wide choice in the matter of ready- made shapes, as that offered us at the moment. WRIST RUFFS. For day wear our sleeves end at the wrists, and to be quite correct they should be finished off there, with ruffs of fine lace. Needless to say, this particular mode is somewhat bother- some, as, despite the fact that the ruffs are everlastingly catching or dipping into some- thing, they must always, of course, be fresh and dainty. HOW TO WASH LACE. To a pint of warm water, a few drops of liquid ammonia should be added, and the lace doused about in the basin, until perfectly clean. It should then be rinsed in clear water, gently squeezed in the hands, and laid smooth- ly upon a well-padded ironing board. The ironing process should be accomplished over a larger sheet of muslin, and with irons only moderately hot. With regard to tinting white lace, a device which puts in the shade all tea or coffee baths, is as follows: Enclose the lace in folds of newspaper, carefully sealing them so that no air can penetrate, and stow it away for a few months. When unpacked and brought to light the lace will be found to have acquired the very desirable "old ivory" shade of real old lace. AIRY FAIRY FABRICS AND HEAVY TRIM- MINGS. The alliance of fragile fabrics goes merrily on, and without doubt it is a very charming one. For example, a simple robe of crepe de Chine inset with heavy lace and trimmed with bands of fur is delightful, and one in which a woman looks her very best. Great care, of course, is necessary in the selection of the airy-fairy material. It must be strong, as well as fragile-looking, and quite able to bear the weight of the trimmings. Otherwise such a gown is constantly "breaking away," a pro- cedure which spells annoyance, and, incident- ally, a short life to the pretty robe. LITTLE VELVET COATS. On many of the spring velvet coats, hailing from Paris, head trimmings are in evidence. So far as these particular little wraps are con- cerned, the idea is a success, but one trembles to think what indifferent dressmakers and tailors will make of the mode. Undoubtedly they will speedily take the notion up, and kill it off-so far as well-dressed women are con- cerned—therefore for this reason, the woman who can afford but few changes will do well to pass it by. +
SOCIALIST'S MORALITY. At East Ham Town Hall on Sunday, Mr. Vic- tor Grayson, M.P., said that, as a Socialist, he had no hesitation in saying that it was more honourable, manly, and much more preferable to thieve than to starve. He would honour a thief who had the individuality to say, "I am born; I will live"; but he looked down upon the man who starved and allowed his wife and children to starve.
P. G. WILLIAMS, Grocer, Fruit, Rabbit and Egg Merchant, Station Road, LETTERSTON. Groceries and Fruits of the Best Quality at lowest Prices. Delivered free by own Cart. Best prices given for Habbits, Eggs, etc. Cart will any address upon receipt of Post Card. Sole Agent for the Home and Colonial wonderful Tea at Is 6d per lb. Trial order solicited. 24 j 80-52 W.THOMAS&SONS 15, DEW STREET, HAVERFORDWEST. Churn and Butter Works. Also all kinds of Dairy and Brewing Utensils Manufacturers. Repais neatly, and promptly executed at very moderate prices. Call and inspect hie stock before placing yours orders elsewhere. 24 ja26.
j AN ACCIDENT IN THE HAYFIELD. At Pembroke Dock County Court last Wed- nesday, John Skone, labourer, of Pembroke, sued William Freeman Hitehings, coal mer- chant, of Pembroke, for £7 under the Work- men's Compensation Act, in respect of an acci- dent which occurred in a hayfield on July 18th. The defence was that at the time of the acci- dent Skone was not in defendant's employ, but was a trespasser, and further that the accident, was caused by the intoxication of Skone. Mr. R. D. Llowless appeared :or plaintiff, Mid Mr. F. S. Reed defended. Plaintiff, who said that he was 69 years of ige, said that on July 17th he was engaged by, Mr. Hitchings to work in a hayfield. He wa*: .ngaged to mow some grass, and was em- i ployed by a man named Wm. Griffiths, who was in ilr. ,itchings' employ. On July 18ih ] plaintiff went to the field again. He was asked! to help to make the rick and went on. Defen- > dant was "pitching up" to plaintiff, when he overbalanced and fell from the rick, severely in- juring himself. He had had a pint of beer that flay, but it was a very hot day and was too hot to drink. (Laughter). His Honour said that on a hot day they were more likely to drink. Mr. Lowless: How much did you drink. I can't tell you, sir, I didn't keep any account. Plaintiff added that there was plenty of beer about, but he was not drunk. After the acci- dent he was unable to work for three months. Plaintiff went to see Mr. Hitchings, who told him he would get no compensation out of him. Later on he met Mr. Hitehings, who told him to go to his house. He went to the house and the housekeeper sent him to Mr. Reed's office. A clerk offered him 5s. 3d. and gave him a paper to sign, which he refused to do. Plain- tiff's average earnings were El a week, and he claimed for 10s. a week for 14 weeks. In answer to Mr. Reed, plaintiff said that he did not see Mr. Hitchings on the 17th. On the day of the accident he had some beer, but he denied that he lit his pipe on the rick. He lay down on the rick, but he did not go to sleep. He had been working at stone-breaking previous to the accident, and sometimes earned no more than ls. 9d. per day. Dr. A. Hurrell Style spoke to attending de- ceased, who had fractured his breastbone. Defendant was called, and denied that he had on this occasion employed Skone to do any work for him. Defendant was not in the hay- field on July 17th, and he had not authorised anyone to employ Skone on his behalf. On July 18th he went to the field. There were a number of volunteers in the field when the hay was being made. William Griffiths was called and denied en- gaging Skone to do any work on behalf of defendant. The latter met him and told him he had promised to work for Mr. Hitchings. He went in the field on the 17th and used the scythe for a bit, but soon buckled it up, and then went home. He did not employ Skone on July 18th either. There were a lot of volunteers in the field, and they all had some beer. It was customary in Pembroke. His Honour: The custom is that everyone who can come in, picks up a fork, goes after the beer, and then leaves. Witness, continuing, said that Skone paid a lot of attention to the beer. He also lit a pipe, laid back on the rick, and went to sleep. Skone was drunk, he should say. Charles Griffiths and Arthur Griffiths also gave evidence, and the latter said that he thought Skone was a "bit rocky." This, he explained, meant the worse for drink. Evidence was also given by John Scarfe. His Honour gave judgment for plaintiff for L3 5s.
HAVERFORDWEST PETTY SESSIONS Shire Hall, Monday.—Before T. H. Thomas (mayor), Dr. Greenish, Messrs. T. Lewis James, C. C. Saies, T. R. Dawkins, Isaiah Reynolds, and Hugh J. P. Thomas. DRUNK, ETC. John John, of Prendergast, was summoned for being drunk in Prendergast on the 4th inst. The last conviction against him was in 1902. —Fined 2s. 6d., no costs. Thomas Phillips, rag and bone collector, Quay Street, was summoned at the instance of P.S. James with drunkenness in Bridge Street on the 23rd inst. The officer persuaded him to go home, and later in the day the officer was called to the lodging-house to quell a dis- turbance defendant was making with a woman. —Fined 7s. 6d. and costs. Alice John, of Quay Street, was summoned for "simple drunkenness" in Bridge Street on the 3rd. She pleaded guilty, and a previous conviction at Pembroke last November was put in. In answer to a question defendant said she was "a Haverfordwest girl," and was born near the kilnes.—Fined 7s. 6d. inclusive. NO LIGHT. George Lewis, farmer, Churchill, was sum- moned for driving a horse and cart without a light at 5.45 p.m. on the 6th inst. on the Port- field Road.—P.C. Phillips proved the case, and the defence was that he had been unexpectedly detained in town.—Fined 2s. inclusive. CHARGE OF NEGLECT. Ann Hughes, now of Prendergast Hill, but formerly of Quay Street, and of Holloway, Haverfordwest, was summoned for unlawfully and cruelly neglecting a girl of 8 years, of whom she is guardian, to the injury of the child's health. Deputy Chief Constable James said he visited the defendant's home at Prendergast Hill on January 2nd, and there found a girl of 8 years of age, named Anna Maria Jeffreys, whom the defendant had adopted many years ago. The girl was suffering from a wound on the right ankle. Defendant was absent. The room was very dirty, and the child was poorly clothed. He went again with Dr. Williams, who exam- ined the child. He had spoken to defendant several times about having the child out very late at nights. He had since had a letter from Dr. Williams, telling him to take immediate steps to rescue the child from the neglect of the defendant. The child was now in the Infirmary. In reply to the defendant, the Deputy Chief Constable said the child was not clean, and the bedding was black. Dr. Williams said he examinedthe little girl. She was sitting in front of the fire with her leg on a stool. The ankle had a rag round it, and removing this he found a WOUL. of the nature of a discharging abscess on the ankle. The whole leg was swollen. He saw the child again on the 14th, when he found the leg was contracting upwards, and as he feared further deformity of the leg, he advised her removal to the Infirmary, which was done. At the Infir- mary she was weighed, and was three stones and three lbs in weight, with a height approxi- mately of 3ft Hi or four feet. The normal weight of a child of her age was three stones lOlbs, and height, 3ft 10ins. The child was pale, ill, and badly nourished. James Rees, school attendance officer, said he had reported the defendant for neglect. It was stated that the child was adopted by defendant's husband when only a fortnight old, and the defendant said she was paid 3s. 6d. per week. It was the, child of Florence Helena Jeffreys, who had since married a man named Laugharne. ? Defendant asked what would be done with the child. Would ehe come back to her? ( The Deputy Chief Constable said when the child was fit to be discharged from the Infir- mary. he should apply to the Guardians to adopt her, as the defendant was not fit to have the care of her. The Mayor said they found the defendant guilty of neglect, and she would have to come up for sentence in three months time. The Clerk, addressing the defendant, advised her to keep away from the child. If she did that and gave no trouble the sentence would be light, but if she interfered it might be heavy. Defendant: Can't I see the child? The Clerk: You had better keep away.
TENBY HUNT MEETING. With three National candidates on view, visi- tors to Tenby on Thursday were favoured, and as the weather was delightfully spring-like, all enjoyed themselves, despite the fact that only one favourite scored. Kirkland was looking very fresh and well, and, though carrying plenty of flesh, was going faster than anything at the end of the Corporation Hurdle, the 1906 winner of the steeplechase blue riband receiving quite an ovation when he passed the post. The meeting was one of the most successful ex- perienced at Tenby for some years. Details:— 1.30.-The TOWN SELLING HANDICAP STEEPLECHASE of 40 sovs.; winner to be sold for 50 sovs. Two miles. Roman Fruit H. Burford 1 Euscene Mr. O. Anthony 2 Funny Wag L Anthony 3 Also ran: Michael (G. Green). Winner trained by Dudley Hill, Ross. Betting: 7 to 4 on Eoscene, 5 to 2 agst Funnv Wag, 6 to 1 agst Roman Fruit, and 8 to 1 agst MichaeL Funny Wag just in front of the favourite was the order for half the journey, when Eoscene showed in front, but was headed by Roman Fruit between the last two fences, the latter winning by eight lengths; two lengths between second and third. There was no bid for the winner. 2.10—The CORPORATION HURDLE RACE of 40 sovs; the second to receive 2 sovs. Two miles. 11 1 Molapo I. Anthony 1 11 1 Shelsley .G. Green 2 10 11 Kirkland w. F. Mason 3 Also ran: Lara (V. Francis), Graceful Lady (Mr. J. R. Anthony), Springfield Thrush (G. Morris), Lord Worman (Mr. A. Thomas), and White Tree (J. Hunt). Winner trained by R. W. Smith. Betting: 6 to 4 agst Shelsley, 7 to 4 agst olapo, 7 to 2 agst White Tree, 8 to 1 agst Lara, and 100 to 8 agst any other. Lord Worman jumped away, with Molapo, Lara, and Graceful Lady in close attendance, and so they ran for a mile, where Molapo took up the running, followed by Shelsley, Lara, and Kirkland, and never afterwards being headed won by two lengths; six lengths divided second and third. Lara was fourth, White Tree fifth, Graceful Lady next, and Springfield Thrush last. 2.40—The KNIGHTSTON SELLING HURDLE RACE of 40 sovs.; the second to receive 2 sovs.; winner to be sold for 50 sovs. Two miles. 11 6 Reptile.I. Anthony 1 11 10 Jedella J. Hunt 2 11 5 -die Violet Mr. J. Walker 3 Winner trained by R. W. Smith. Betting: 5 to 2 on Jedella, 4 to 1 agst Edie Violet, and 6 to 1 agst Reptile. Edie Violet made the running from Jedella and Reptile for a mile and-a-half, where Je- della drew to the front, but Reptile, coming with a wet sail from the last hurdles, won by three. lengths; six lengths divided second and third. The winner was sold to Mr. Beauchamp for 50gs. 3.20—The TENBY STEEPLECHASE of 40 sovs.; the second to save entrance. Two miles. 11 11 Loop Head F. Mason 1 12 7 Dathi I. Anthony 2 10 7 Fidessa Owner 3 Winner trained by Donnelly. Betting: Evens on Fidessa, 5 to 2 agst Dathi, and 3 to 1 agst Loop Head. Fidessa cut out the work until clearing the open ditch the second time, where he dropped out, and Loop Head, getting the best of Dathi from the last fence, won by twelve lengths; the same distance separated second and third. 3.50—The DEER PARK HUNTERS' HANDI- CAP STEEPLECHASE of 40 sovs.; the second to save entrance. Three miles. 11 2 Borodino. Mr. C. H. R. Crawshay 1 12 5 Whitcliffe I. Anthony 2 Winner trained privately. Betting: 5 to 4 on Whitcliffe, who fell at the first fence, and Borodino finished alone.
r LLYCADW A CiilKTAIN CURB for^aS^IL- MENTS of the EYE. Tho" LL YGDllm" Bemedies 4 RE prepared onlv from invaluable recipes, long in the possession of an old Welsh family, by < hom they were greatly treasured and strictly guarded. Prepared from rare and potent herbs found grow- ing among the upland valleys and lofty mountains of Wales, these remedies, whilst perfectly simple and harmless, have effected most wonderful cures per- sons who have completely lost their eyesight have been entirely restored to perfect vision, and all the various diseases and weaknesses of the eyes have been, and are every day, cured by these most simple and efficacious remedies. They are now offered to the public, post free, as follows:— LLYGADW OINTMENT, Is lid per box, postage lid. LLYGADW MEDICINE, Is lid per bot- tle. postage 4d. Or 2s 3d complete, postage 4d. Full directions each package. To be obtained only from EBENEZER REYNOLDS, Middle Mill, SOLVA, S. Wales. no22-13 j BOROUGH OF THE TOWN AND COUNTY OF HAVERFORDWEST. FAIRS FOR 1908. The FAIRS for 1908 will be held as fol- lows, unless unforseen circumstances shall make an alteration necessary:— JANUARY .Tuesday 14th. FEBRUARY .Tuesday, 11th. MARCH Tuesday, 17th. APRIL .Tuesday, 14th. MAY .Tuesday, 12th. JUNE (wool and stock).Tuesday, 9th. JULY Tuesday, 14th. AUGUST Tuesdav. 11th. SEPTEMBER Monday, 7th SEPTEMBER Tuesday, 22nd OCTOBER .Monday, 5th. OCTOBER (hiring) Tuesday, 20th. NOVEMBER Tuesday. 10th. DECEMBER .Tuesday, 15th. THE PIG FAIRS Will be held on the day after the Cattle Eairfl. Dealers and others attending the Haveard- west Fairs arc hereby cautioned against" the practice of Laeetrating with a Knife o<r other Instrument for the purpwe of Marking any animal, and Notice is Hereby Given that, un- der Statue 12 and 13 Vienna, Cap. 92, all persons found Lacerating any Animal will be tial.'e to a Penalty of £5. T. H. THOMAS, Mayot. THE SLADE TIMBER YARD, FISHGUARD. J. M. ~G~UILD, (Late W. Williams & Son.) Timber Merchant, AS a large and varied stock of Good Boild- T 01D& Tvlm^«r <in Pitch-pine, White and Spruce), Flooring Boards arid Match- boards, Yellow Pine, Spruce, Archangel Wlnte. American White Wood, Carolina Pine and Oak- Mwn Boards, Prepared Mouldings, comprising Architraves, Sashes,Sills, Skirting Boards, &Z also Split ane Sawn Roof and Ceiling T-nrffrT Wire-cut and other Nails. Speciality Welsh Oak, Ash, and Elm, Shafts, Spokes, aud Felloes, Shovel aDd Matfcxs Sticks, Ladders; Cart Material cut to sSe. Wheelblocks turned and rates and Barrows made to order. Estimates given to supply Buildings. OFFICES—SLADE, FISHGUARD. Brodog Timber Yard, Fishguard. W. MORGAN & SON, Beg to Inform the public geiitrajiy ttia: Liiey have OPENED BUSINESS as TIMBER MERCHANTS, And have now In stock all kinds of Timber, also general Building Materials. Sawing (brV Gas Power) done on the Premises. ORDERS RESPECTFFLLT SOUCITED. fel-61. Havertordweri and St. David's. HE City Hotel ^tamibus or Brake will, until further notioe will run on Saturdays between St David's, and Haver- fordwest, leaving St. David's at 7 a.m. re- turning from Haverfordwest on the arrival of the 2.40 train. Fares 2s. 6d. Extra charge for luggage. G. MABTIN, Proprietor. EVERY WOMAN Should send two stamps for our 32 page Illus- trated Book, oonaining valuable information how all Irregularities and Obstructions may be entirely avoided or removed by simple means. Recommended by eminent Physicfens as the only Safe, Sure and Genuine Remedy. Never FaNs Thousands of Testimonials. Established 1862. MT. P. BLANCH ARD, Dais- ton Lane, London. p8fe07. ANNUAL SALE. CENUINE REDUCTIONS .11 Dress Materials. BLOUSE FABRICS, HOUSEHOLD ARTICLES, &C. PATTERNS and SALE PRICE LIST together with Ordinary PRICE LIST (clearly showing HEAVY REDUCTIONS). Post Free. Need not be returned. LUTAS LEATHLEY & CO., Dept. 2A, The Warehouse, ARMLEY, LEEDS, TO CORRESPONDENTS. It is of the utmost importance that cor- respoadents should send in their cbmmunications as promptly as pos- sible. Otherwise, insertion is yery improbable. Note Our Address :— Pembroke County Guardian, Ltd., Old Bridge, Haverfordwest. BEST ivi ltq HOF8. .u brewed from pur noted Malt always keeps well, drops 'bright quickly, and tho gr&vitj is far higher than,what is derived from ordinary Malt. GEORGE & PALMER SON, Merchants Haverford-ypsfe <