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.¡ i SOLVA,




GARDEN GOSSIP. Weakly Chrysanthemums. aH collections of chryeanthemums there are, ^gentfrally, a few ge plants which are not as stlcong as one could wish. Tite newer varieties are often in great demand, and to m&el the demand propagation is carried on at express speed. In ordinary cases, where strong cuttings are selected and propagated in a comparatively cool tempera- ture, their strength is not only maintained but increased. Those propagated at express speed nre naturally weaker, and should be grown apart from the others, and given special treat- ment. The writer firmly believes in growing chrysanthemums under fairly cool conditions, Hut it is a mistake to expose newer sorts, which have been recently received from nurserymen, 118 much as those which have been grown at home. Place all new plants and naturally weakly varieties in a frame by themselves. Be extra careful in applying water, and do not ad- mit air quite as freely as to the stronger grow- ing varieties. Also, keep the plants in the frame a week or ton days lopger than the others, and when placed outside put them in a sheltered position. Preparing the Ground and Sowing.—To get the utmost value from annuals, the soil should be as efficiently prepared as ,for the choicest bedding plants or perennials. It is not, gener- ally speaking, necessary to manure the ground especially for them, as thev aje usually grown in borders of herbaceous plants, for whose re- ception the soil has been admirably prepared. But it is essential to dig if. deeply, make it moderately firm, end to have the top 2 or 3in. in a friable condition, so that there shall be no obstacles to progress in the form of stones or. hard lumns of earth. Then the sowing shonld be done very thinly, and the thinning carried out early, so that a sturdv growth shall be en- couraged from the outset, and the plants have every opportunity to develop their branching proclivities to the fullest degree. It is only by these means that one can bring out the extra- ordinary floriferousness of annuals. When the period of flowering arrives, the grower must be persistent in the labour of removing dying blos- soms to prevent the setting of seed. Fish Netting.—Those who grow fruit trees on walls appreciate the value of fish netting for purposes of protection. It is desirable that there should be a sufficiently large supply to allow of its being doubled when necessitv arises. French Beans.—We must not make the out- door sowing until the beginning of May, but a little time may be gained by sowing seeds in boxes under glass, with a view to subsequent transference to the open quarters. 0 0 0 Holly Hedges.-A really well" grown holly 'hedge is sornatung of which the owner may feel justifiably proud, and to which his friends will always be envious. The present is an ex- cellent time for clipping, ana the more care- fully the work is done the better. Mutilated leaves always look bad. • » • Helichrysums for Winter.—There are many people who do not care for go-called everlasting flowers, but their utility for winter decorations cannot be disputed, those who would have a supply of helichrysums, which are very beau- tiful and well varied in colour, must lose no time in sowing seeds thinly in boxes of light soil, in the greenhouse. The seedlings must he thinned, pricked off, and planted out in due course. Asters in Cold Frames.—The main supplies of Asters are usually sown in gentle heat, about the third week in March, but a sowing a month liter in cold frames will produce plants which will be especially welcome for late flowers. Asters arc now extremely varied in character, and we are constantly accessions of forms \Vh08e fiukability for decorative purposes is pronounced, and the longer we can have a fivpply of flowers the better. Use a light com- prfit. containing leaf mould that, has been rubbed ill rough a fine riddle, and sow the seeds very tbinlv. Climbing Nasturtiums For training up strings or covering trellises in town garden1*, no plants are superior to the climbing na«tur- tiums. Eren if the plants did not produce any flowers, they would be fully entitled to inclu- sion on account of the abundant, attractive leafage with which the growths are furnished and thev are so accommodating that they will grow utmost anywhere. The seeds should be covered to s, depitli of on.- inch or rather more, and if mowing if* done, thinning out to a dis- tance of at least five inches from plant to plant must. be attended to very early. < « Planting Ivn'es.—In town gardens walls and fences are apt to be great eyesores, and it is not always easy to find permanent occupants that will continue green throughout the year. One can always have the common ivy, but for low positions it is not particularly recommend- able, and except, when putting forth young growths not as chee.rFul as one could wish. As alternntives. the gold and silver variegated ivies are really admirable. They do not grow as rnpidlv. or yield such large leaves, but. if they are well looked after they make steady progrc" and invariably look attractive. The present is an excellent time to put, out wvll rooted, healthy plants from pots. Dig the soil deeply, work some f manure into the second spit if the ground is poor. and make the soil firm about the roots. Water must. h. nnpVed to the rools and the tops should the weather prove very dry during the I season of planting. < < Violas.—It. is a common error to defer the plan t in rr of tli»ve bedding plants are put out. WIfn this is the ttnd the soil is not n»tur*-lly perfectly ndnpted to them, they never flourish as well A thev ought to do. They should be prs4 out on that t.he rootn rwav be thoroughly ¡, before wea'her becomes hot and dry. Tlvv N'onire abundance of water in light soiVi during the summer. Fertilising TonRf,e-Tt is frequently im- perative to aid th" distribution of p6llen in tomato culture, and the most satisfactory method is to tan the stem of the bloom truss shnrply with a light -tick. This operation has the merit of simplicity, and is much more effec- tual than the use of a camel hair brush or other similar contrivance. • VeTet.aWe Marrows.—I? seeds are flown too qnd the rcs'dtant plants. for peveral "f¡ in Qmnl1 pctf*. giv. those-Sin. in diameter, the l^nrA«. mid eren the -tern- turn yellow, and th-, p'ant receives a rl-k. It is important that fh" plants are kept jjrowjn™ from tb-, very first. Wh ^re frames are available especially if a slight heat can be obtained from pipes or a ho'A-l—sow the in note, and place the Infl, i" the fraroKv A litrht. fibrins 10"1 thrf-o • ir!s. and le"" «oil one nart with a smnU ona-ti*v of "and will roaV" a suitnh'e Use 5-;Yt,h oofs and thoroughly 11-m, putting quite two inches of crocks or cifd-*r* in the bottom. Sow two near the centre in e-teli pot. and burv tl em a little more rt-n,v one inch n,pp. The soil hould be in a lJ1",rl:rnl state 11 regards' moisture, ns the seeds will decav if it is kept very wet. Pinch out the wakest plants. • « • Keep Them Growing.—Endeavour to procure rapid germination, and then keep the plants growing steadily right up to the time of planting ( them out. Prepare a good bed for them in a sunny corner, but do not make up a. large hof- bed of dry straw. If procurable, make up a l"d containing p'enty of rich maiiure. and af.o rich soil. The depth of such a bed should average two fept, and the centre the plants are should be raised a few inches above the rest of the surface. Put out the plants towards the end of May. and protect t.)i-m for a few datii and nights from the sun and cold. Moore's Vegetable Cream. Career's Trailing White, Long White. Long Green Striped, and Pen.. y-Byd are good varieties to grow. If only one it wanted, choose the last. » Planting Out Early Brussels Sprouts.—It is useless taking the trouble to sow the seed& in box give them valuable space in a hofhouse, and then allow the seedlings to remain starving im the boxes. The soil in prdinary boxes is t shallow, and the roots of the plants soon exhaust the goodness in it. Therefore, do not wait for a vacant space in the vegetable garden, but make up a temporary bed somewhere, placing the soil at least seven inches deep, and enriching it with some decayed farmyard manure; or, if a portion of the border is available, dig in some manure, and then transplant the Brussels sprouts at four inches apart all over the surface of the bed. If a few pea sticks are laid dl1 carefully amongtrt the plants, the la-iter will soon be?in to grow. Duuos rolt FLOWERS. Experiments that have been taking place are said to show that plants can be forced to grow with the aid of druge. They are fed on ether ox other potions for twenty-four or thirty-six hours until they are thoroughly permeated with the fumes. They then grow with the greatest rapidity. Easter lilies treated thus hane put out magnificent blooms in a. night, and narcissus flowers have doubled their size after a few hours' treatment.




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