HEX HANES. THOMAS EVANS, PENYFEIDR, YN MHLWYF TREFGARN-FAWK, YN NGHYD A'l DEULU. [GAN H. EVAMS, CAEKFAKCHELL.] PENNOD V. Pan yn 17 mlwydd oed, prentiswyd ef yn saer maen ac adeiladydd gyda ei gefn- b C5 der. Syrthiodd i ychydig o ddifrawaeri gyda chrefydd ar ol hyr. am dro. Yr oedd yn byw rnewn lie digrefydd iawn y pryd hwnw, a'r bobl yn dueddol iawn i yfed gormod o ddiodydd meddwol. A thrwy I y fed ymddyddanion ac esiamplau drwg yn llygru moesau da, o ddirfyg gwyliadvvriaeth dygwyddodd dau beth a barodd lawer o fiinder a gofid iddo yn ol Haw, ac a'i ham- ddifadodd o gysur crefydd am amser hir. Yr oedd un dyn yn y gwaith yn hoff iawn .o'r ddiod feddwol, a tbeulu lluosog ganddo, ac mown rhyw ymddyddan dywedodd J. Evans wrtho am fyn'd i'r dafarn ac yfed ihyw faint, y talai ef am dano. Aetb yntau ac yfodd werth tua Is 6c o porter; a phan welodd ef ar ol hyn yr oedd yn feddw a chlaf iawn. Ac yn fuan ar ol hyn pwelcdd y gair hwnw yn Hab. ii, 15, "Gwae a roddo ddiod i'w gymydog," ac j aeth yn dywydd enbyd ar ei gydwybod. Yr amser bwnw befyd yr oedd yn rhyfel enbyd rhyngom a Ffraino ac er dyagelweh rbag cael ei dynu i'r militia, anogwyd ef i ymofyn rhwymysgrif prentis. Ac yn Hwlffordd, pan yn cael byny, yfodd ormod o ddiod feddwol gyda rhyw gvvmpeini, ac er na tbynodd sylw neb arall, teimlodd ysgafnder yn oi ben, a cbafodd befch an- c, hawsder i fyn'd gartref. Daeth euogrwydd ar ei gydwybod, ac ofnodd fyn'd i BwI- flordd at ei frodyr crefyddol. Ac yn lie tnyn'd at Oen Duw, yr hwn sydd yn tynu ymaith bechodau y byd," aeth i grwydro a chyfeiliorni fel dafaa. Aeth yn gyntaf i Tregethyn (Keeston) i wrando yr Aimibynwyr, ond wedi bod yno am dro, ac beb gael dim tawelwch i'w feddwl, aeth oddiyno i Aberbach y libos i wrando pobl y Tabernacl, ond yr oedd rhywbeth yn eisiau yiio wed'yt. Yna aeth am dro i Bont Newgal i wrando y Bedyddwyr, ond yr oedd yr. euogrwydd yn aros. r ol hyny bu yn myned i Gastell y Garn i wrando y Wesleaid, ond yr oedd rbywbetb yn eisiau yno wed'yn. Yna prynodd lyfr gweddi newydd, ac aeth i Eglwys y Plwyf, -a dywedai y gweddiau a'i holl egni yn uwcb na neb ond yr oedd yr euogrwydd yr aros o hyd. Yna aeth ar y Fabbathau a'i Feibl ganddo allan i'r tnaesydd a phen y graig, ond yr oedd yn methu cael dim cysur i'w enaid clwyfus yr oedd yn teimlo gwae Duw uwch ei ben o hyd, yr oedd yn ofni ei fod wedi pechu yn anfaddeuol. Pan yn yr agwedd wrthgiliedig hon o ran -ei ysbryd, yr oedd ail gapel y Methodistiaid yn Tyddewi yn cael ei agor, a rhywfodd neu gilydd aeth ef yno o Nolton. Y bregeth gyntaf a glywodd yno oedd gan David Bees, Llanfynydd, ond ni chafodd ef rldim neillduol trwyddi. Ar ei ol daeth Ebene/er Morris, a phregesh iddo ef oedd yn cyfrif bono tra fu byw. E-i destyn oedd Heb. x, 25, Heb esgeuluso eich cyd- gynulliad eicb huD&ii>> megys y mae arfer rhai." Yi oedd yn dangos y fath bechod jnavvr oed X esgeuluso moddion gras. "Yr oedd yn nen bechod oddiar ddyddiau yr Apostolion hyd yn awr. Yr oedd y rhai oedd yn euog o hono yn dirmygu y daioni a,'r tiriondeb mwyaf, ac yn dangos yr anmharch mwyaf at y Gwaredwr. Y mae lesu Grist; wedi addaw, 'Lie bynag y byddai dau neu dri wedi ymgynuli yn ei enw i fod yn eu canol.' Ond yr oedd ym- ddygiad yr esgeuluswr yn dweyd, I Beth I waeth genyf fi pwy fo yn bresenol, nid af fi yno.' Yrcedd yr esgeuluswr yn gwneyd a allai i ddiystyru a dibenu moddion gras yn ei ardal. Pe byddai pawb felly, ni byddai achos gan Fab Duw yn y byd-yr oedd yn digaloni ei frodyr-yr oedd yn felldith yn ei deulu ac yn yr ardal yr oedd yn byw ac yr oedd yr Apostol yn rhestru y pechod o esgeuluso moddion gras y nesaf at y pecbod anfaddeuol." Yr oedd ei gydwybod yn taranu yn ddychrynllyd o dan y bregeth hon, ac yr oedd yn gorfod ymguddio o olwg Mr Morris. Yr oedd yn meddwl fod ei lygaid yn gweled trwyddo, a phenderfynodd i ddychwelyd at ei frodyr i'r Hen Lofft," eostied a gostiai iddo ao yr oedd yno y Sabboth canlynol yn ddigon boreu erbyn y cyfarfod wyth o'r gloch, a chafodd dder- byniad serchog, heb wybod nad yn yr Hall yT oedd wedi bod. Nid oeddent hwythau yn yr Hall yn gwybod nad oedd yn myned i Hwlffordd yn gyson. Cafodd nerth i ddilyn yn ddifwlch trwy ei oes faith o hyny -allan, ond ni chafodd dawelwch a chysur i'w feddwl am yn agos i bedair blynedd ar ol yr ymwneyd byny a'r diodydd meddwol, byd nes oedd y diweddar William Morris (o Gilgeran y prtd hwnw) yn pregethu yn yr Hall ar y geirlau hyny, "A thi a elwi ei enw Ef lesu, oblegid Efe a wared ei bobl oddiwrth eu pechodau." 0 dan y bregeth bono cafodd olwg ar Waredwr. 0 Ciliodd ei fodryb a'i mherch, a'i gefnder (ei feistr bellach) yn llwyr oddiwrth grefydd yn fuan, a dyoddefodd ef lawer o'u gwawd filu dirmyg o achos ei grefydd, ond ni wnaeth y cwbl ond peri iddo lynu yn fwy V?iTfgog wrthi. Aeth ei gefnder at grefydd agos yr un amser ag ef, a bu am dro yn odyn sobr a gweithgar. Yna dechreuodd pellwair a phechod, a thramgwyddo wrth Etholedig-aeth-mai llafur ofer oedd ceisio byw yn dduwiol, os nad oedd wedi ei ethol ac o ddrwg i waeth yr aeth, nes myned i seiyllfa druenus iawn. (I'w barhau.)
"WHY DON'T YOU SELL FATHER?" Mr. Thomae-Ryan, in the course of an amus- ing address to a gathering of Acton cabmen in Acton Priory Schools Central Hall, told an anecdote of a costermonger who, after hard drinking, signed the pledge and prospered. 41 The first money he saved from knocking off the bottle he spent in getting his hair cut. This kind of extravagance went on until they'd ffaved enogigh to buy a moke.' Oh! she was a dai=v Jinny they called her, and they kept her "in the parlour downstairs—yes, that's a fat-wlile they lived overhead. The kids just dnted on Jinny. But one morning when they came downstairs Jinny was gone. They asked their mother about her. "'Jinny's sold,' she said sorrowfully; 'your father's broke the pledge and drinking again!' But, mother,' cried the kids. Jinny didn't do it; why don't you sell father?'"
The Rev. David Thorne Evans, one of the oldest ministers in the Methodist Connexion, died at Swansea on Friday in his seventy-fifth year. He was a native of Llanarth, Cardigan- sline and after fourteen years' ministration in Pembrokeshire, went to Swansea in 1871. For .30 years he was secretary of the South Wales Home Missions of the connexion. He was one of four brothers who were ministers in the same body. The mission grew and prospered whilst he was its agent, and in 1887, when lie resigned the agency, the number of sta- tions iiad increased Irom about twenty to over 60. He travelled continually aL over Wales, and was, therefore, very well known.
AGRICULTURE. INTERESTING POINTS !H WOOL PRODUCTION. In the course of the 'lecture before the Rye and District Farmers' Club at Rye, near Hastings, Professor Barker, of the Bradford College, spoke as follows on wool Dea-ing with English races of sheep, the lecturer in the first place noted what are termed "feathered" and "fringed" types, stating that such were not to be commended from the point of view erf. uniformity of the staple. Double cuts in shearing were equally disadvantageous. With reference to the ques- tion of the eternal" black sheep," which was supposed to bring luck to the flock, the lecturer recommended either the total elim- ination—perhaps a dilFicult thing in the case of such flocks as the Wensleydale, where b-ack specimens tend to recur-or a develop- ment of the black sheep and its organisation into flocks on the lines at present carried' out in certain of our Australian colonies. A curious point in comparing English and Colonial wools was noted—viz., that while Australian wools may be best judged in the grease, English, wools are difficult to judge in the grease—probably owing to the fact that lustre is usually the predominant factor. Thus the Kent custom of allowing some time to elapse between washing and shearing certainly renders the wood more difficult to judge. The special shearing of the lambs at (say) four months to obtain a special length of ,)I e- h s custom prevailing in both Kent and Sussex- is worthy of note, especially if carried out according to the requirements of the manufacturer. With reference to the packing of the wool, certain fraudulent prac- tices have prevailed, which, in the long run, are not to the advantage of the farmer. The fleeces should be cleaned from all dung, etc., and packed as neatly as possible. As to dipping," it should be noted there are two distinct types of dip. The first might be termed an "insect-killing" dip: the sec- ond a "wool getting-up" dip. Both in a sense might be regarded as necessary evils, but it would perhaps not. be a bad thing if judges at agricultural shows paid less at- tention to the fuzzy appearance engendered by certain of the latter type of dips. Referring to vegetable matter in wool, Pro- fessor Barker noted four types. Firstly, vegetable matler present in the wool owing to the iiafi-irdi conditions under which sheep are reared. In English wools, straw, etc., p- e-ent he greatest difficulty- Sheep should not be turned into straw between washing and shearing, neither should straw be allowed on the turnip field unless the land is very heavy and it is absolutely necessary to put them on. Secondly, there is vegetable mat- ter present in the wool through careless sweeping up. elc. This might be got rid of bv ca-eful sorting, although this necessi- tated extra cost. Thirdly, vegetable matter present in the wool through the fleeces being tied with band. This is very difficult to eliminate, being usua lv, if not always, in the fibrous form. Fourthly, vegetable matter getting into the wool from the inside of the sheetings owing to the riuping open of the bales is probably of less freqrent occurrence than the other types, and very little additional care might eliminate this form of contain- ination.
THE PROFITABLE TEAM. SELF-SUPPORTING. The profitable tsam should be made self- supporting in considerable measure other ways than in the return given in its daily toil, even by way of breeding as regards the mares, and in growing into money, so to say, as regards the geldings, instead of. as is too of'en the case, growing out of money or go- ing down-hill while on hand. Well man- aged, a team on the farm may be a source of profit, but badly managed is a ruinous thing, and has helped materially to strand many a farmer in these hard times. You can only ksep about four horses for Lloo So-n a inu: wherefore half a score run to £ .2 0 a year—a considerable sum. This even does not include losses through illness or mor- taj-,i t y. n Such losses are liable, perchance, to befall on the best regulated establishment, au+ -n° l« £ ommonIy where bad management obtains. Therefore, such a heavy tax may the team be on the average mixed farm tnat n behoves us to try and make a little money out, of it otherwise than by its daily oil. as beforesa;d. But to make the best of his team the farmer needs to be A GOOD JUDGE IN HORSEFLESH aU t^r where Tisclom is lacking all sotts of mistakes are made. It is needful to kiioii, a good horse when one sees one, and to be abJ to netect good or bad Doint men, though, within mv mind's evl whi apnear to have fallen to the situa+ion «o to say. almost from the days of youth-men vh have appeared capable'in every p^' er ar SuchWmP de-"ect Peculiarities at a gla ce' enn?7 t ^i ^u\te.sure- other abilities being equal to make their horses pay. Thev not afl/ nn°W a 1about eq^'nes, but they gener ally are equal to holding their own with the crafty dealer that is for ever e-PtYi™ the best of the green hand, while holdinf out to him (the vendor) that he £ v*™ thmg Jf farmer who hreeds horses to any extent should pass through the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons in the days of his youth, only that i/ he d d so he would, I assume, turn un the farming and follow the veterinary profession. Not on v would veterinary knowledge be 'exceed P in ™a,na.ging his horses, but all other stock of the farm in health or disease but, as novelists say, I am digress- mg. BROOD MARES. I have found that on an average mixed farm it is practicable to keep a few brood mares in the team-the mistake is made in ore doi-g it. What the wealthly horse-breeder teLLs reads all very well on paper anent breed- lng a lot of high-c:ass Shires from idle mares and exhibiting and selling them for a hat- ful of monev but that will not work out in practice. The agriculturist has other fish Kentlv amf +tf'S hFSt hls farm TO vvork dili- gently, and then as a secondary conside~a- tion to try and breed a few foals to heln pay the rent. And he must not keep mares to hreed alone—all must bv thAir their daily bread. Where^sa • ''half0? score working horses are required, 'five or Vx of them may we.l consist of really good all l'keh abr°«Yma«s- four of tlfem will _keij, according to averaee luck, annua'lv prove ln foal There will alwavs be the geldings and barren mares to hold the team am? fhp lW++en the mares fal1 out t0 foal, year if reqi'redma5' E°°d deal of the year if required. Most of the busy work of the farm is got over after autumn wheat planting-that is, against winter, and then two or three of the m-foal ma.res may, as a ruile, be turned off to grass for the season, even until foaling time. They cost very little keeping, and rarely do amiss by way of mis-carriage under such natural conditions. If I have had any very especially valuable in-foal mare, I have taken care that she should never en- ter a stable or yard after being turned away upon the approach of winter, even until sPring* 1A No corn is needed out in the open nern, and, if there is plenty of grass, precious little fodder—only a little hay in time of frost and snow or when the grass goes off. There ™ay likely be required one or two of the breeders for winter work to help get over the plough- ing and carting, and such help they may well render so long as there oe a carter m evidence with gumption, and who bestows reasonable care on his charges. In^ brief, in-foal mares may either take their place in the team or not", as is desired so long as they get a rest a little before foaling, and, say for six weeks afterwards, not but ere now I have been obliged to bring in a mare to regular work as soon as three weeks after foaling, and even then no harm has resulted. Hence the mares on any farm may be made to e pay well, but there must be really good management all round. GELDINGS. I am of the opinion that the breaking in of the colt and working it aL the days of its life, even until the sands of its honr- glass stanct snu," is not me Dest way 10 manage it. You cannot keep a profitable team like that, because it is a sinking fund. Rather break in the two-year-old; if bred on the farm it saves buying it. Work it with due care until it gets past its years of colthood, and then it may prove a rare help in the team for several years-indeed, take above its share of labour to ease the in-foal mare. But at six years old it will have arrived at its best, as we farmers term it. Then is the time to sell. And then it is that if the owner be- a young, green farmer, he has to look out, or cme coper will come round and draw a chalk on hiü-bctter him in the bargain—for the c-hafferer of not over- good repute is sure to be on the look out. A handsome six-year-old wagon horse, with size, stamina and "square" all round, is valu- able, and the breeder of such needs to keep his eyes open to get. al. the animal is worth. And very likely whether Gr not that last ten- pound note is realised makes ali the difference as to whether the team turns out profitable or otherwise. Then judgment is pot only needed to tell when one has a valuable herse, so as to draw the last sovereign i-, is worth, but needed to see when there be a screw loose or any peculiarity which renders it desirable for him to sell as best he may, and not let a customer pass who bids anything there or thereabouts what the animal should fetch. Of all things to guard against he who aspires to keep a profitable team must see to it that he has not screws," over-aged, or middling stock about. NEW ENTRIES—THE FILLY. Making new entries in the team is import- ant work. Great shrewdness and unerring judgment are absolutely essential here. Tak- ing the filly first, she should give promise of making a rare good brood mare. In wind and limb she should be sound and suffi- cient, and that beyond a doubt. There must be no atavism or taint of hereditary lame- ness in the blood. She should be free from vice as far as one can tell or her breeding can tell. She ought to possess that activity that shall make her a useful slave as well as a useful breeder, while there must be naught wanting in constitution. It needeth not to tell the average farmer that a fLly without deep, well-sprung ribs, a strong loin, wide lrips, and legs with plenty of bone in them will never make a good brood mare; and if she has not plenty of the right sort of hair on her legs, there will be complaints made anent her progeny not being all they should be in this connection. COLTS. In selecting the colt as a two-year-old to break in tor the team, it is necessary to hold steadfastly in view what, its career is to be. It is required, we assume, to make a useful slave for a few years, and then a useful slave for a few years, and then sold to fetch a big sum of money fur town work. Wherefore, like the filily, it must be sound, and bid fair to hold sound. It must possess size, handsome appearance, and un- questionable legs—indeed, must be up to the mark generally. As regards its blood, it does not matter a jot so long as its ancestors were sound, but anything dicky there, any herditary lamenesses are liable to crop up at any time, and have a handsome six-year- old horse unsaleable through having a side- bone or a bog spavin, or through being wrong in any other way, is exceedingly regrettable, and spoils the profits from the team sadly. There is no doubt but farmers are far too careess in what fillies or co.ts they break into the team. They trouble little about what defects mere may be already—less what de- fects may be liable to befall hereafter. But there comes a day of awakening, and yet possibly the faults are such as might have been foreseen by searching investigation; but here again shrewd judgment is much required, as wel. as painstaking. COLOUR. This important matter I have left till last, and it is certainly far too little thought about. It is all moonshine to say that a good horse is never of a bad colour, and the old saw has done harm enough and to spare. The fady-coloured equine may possibly be able to do as hard a day's work as the black, the brown, or the dark chestnut, but it very likely may not—is hardly the one, at all events, to come again the next day. Fady colours and delicate constitution go together very often, while such shades or blazing marks are never admired by the spirited purchaser, or any other buyer for that matter. The important dealer will not be long telling you about it if you have a fady chestnut, midd.ing brown, a piebald, light grey, or cream-coloured horse to sell, and certainly those best firms who pay high figures for their drayers will not countenance bad colours, or very rarely. Then, upon the principle of holding every feature up to top quality and missing no advantage, a farmer is foo.ish to breed from peculiar-coloured mares, or to admit strange- coloured entries into his team-colts or fillies —when There is plenty of choice, and plenty to pick from is one of the privileges of he who breeds. But, dear me! how many of the most promising fillies, best brood mares, and highest-class colts are sold just to bring in a ittle extra money over what less orthodox stock would, and so the team becomes all the poorer, and the team owner too, eventually.— Novus Homo"—in the "Farmer and Stock- breeder."
UNITED COUNTIES HUNTERS' SOCIETY, The annual meeting of the United Counties Hunters' Society, comprising the counties of Carmarthen, Glamorgan, Pembroke, and Car- digan, was held at the Ivy Bush Royal Hotel, Carmarthen, on Saturday, Lieutenant-Colonel J. R. Howell, Pergwyn, presiding over a large attendance. Mr. J. C. Harford, Falcondale. Lampeter, was unanimously elected chairman lor the ensuing year, and in apologising for his late arrival at the meeting, he had a tilt at Carmarthenshire County Council over the con- dition of their roacls. He had thought of motoring up to Carmarthen, but, unfortu- nately. the roads from Lampeter were totally impassable. J Mr. Grismond Philipps, Cwmgwilly, was unanimously re-elected hon. secretary to the society. Mr. D. H. Thomas and Mr. J. H. Daniel were re-appointed treasurer and auditor re- spectively, .while the countv committees we>e re-elected, with the addition of Mr. Wynford Pmlipps, M.P., Pembrokeshire, and Captain Webley iJryse, Cardiganshire. Mr. Jack Fran- ces, Carmarthen, was added to the field com- mittee of the show. Discussion ensued upon the prize-list, the society deciding that, with a view of encour- aging tenant farmers, that an additional prize of zP,5 be offered them for the best brood mare calculated to produce a hunter. Mr. Dudley Drummond thought iiiis was a step in the right direction, as he was re- cently speaking to a Board of Agriculture in- spector, who complained of the scarcity of brood mares throughout the country. Mr. John Anthony advocated the discon- tinuance of the one-year-old colt or fiilv class, as he thought they were being pampered at a time when they were not properly matured, and ought to be running about. The society, whilst sympathising with the proposal, thought it unwise to discontinue the class. The balance-sheet showed that the society had a balance in hand at the bank of E119.
4 FAIRS AND MARKETS. BUTTER. Carmarthen, Saturday, March 24.-There was a fair supply of butter in the market to- day, which realised llfd to Is per lb., and basket butter Is Id to Is l^d. Whitland, Friday, March 23.-There was a fair attendance and supply, butter in casks realising from Is to Is. ld per lb., whilst butter in pound rolls varied from Is Od to Is Id per lb.; eggs, 18 for Is; live fowls, 4s to 4s 6d per couple; dressed poultry, 9d to 9 £ d per lb.; beef, 8d to 9d; mutton, 8d to 9d; veal and pork, 6d to 7d per lb. CATTLE. Monmouth, Monday, March 26.-Trade at this fortnigrtly market felt the influence of the cold snap of weather, and the supply was short. Business was moderate, except in the pig trade, which was good. The follow- ing prices were obtained by Messrs. Nelmes, Poole, and Atkins:—Heifers from E12 2s 6d to Z17 17s 6d; bullocks from R.14 5s to R-16; fat calves, £3 13s to £5 7s; store calves, £2 2s to R,2 lis; wethers from 34s to 38s; ewes from 33s to 36s; English couples from 48s to 68s; porker pigs from 35s 6d to 39s; and oaconers from £4 to z5. The poundages were returned as follows:—Best beef 6gd to 64a P^r lb, secondary sorts 5kd to Sid per lb; veal from 8id to 8|d per lb; wether mutton from 8 £ d to 9d, ewe from 6 £ d to 7d per lb; porker pigs from 10s to 10s 6d per score, baconers 9s per score.
NOT COMING BACK. PEMBROKE DOCK MAN'S INTERESTING ACCOUNT. The following will interest every one in Solva. It is the open-hearted statement of one of our ne'ghbours in Pembroke Dock:- The case of Mr. Thomas Rees, of 85, Law Street, Pembroke Dock, proves how thorough and lasting cures by Doan's backache kidney pi.Is are. We give first his original state- ment, made in December of 1901:— For some years I was a great sufferer from kidney complaint; the pains m my back and loins were dreadful. When I stooped I had a great bother to get upright again, because of these backaches. I also had urinary troubles, 1he secreions being thick and most painful in passing. I didn't fet any relief until I commenced using Doan's backache kidney pills. Within a few days r,f commencing wiih these pills my back was easier and I felt better in every way. I continued taking the medicine, and very soon I was restored to good health. I am grate- ful for the wonderlul benefit I have received from Doan's pil s, and shall always take a pleasure in recommending them to others who suffer as I did. (Signed) Thos. Rees." And now we give Mr. Rees' confirmation of his tesimonial, made after a lapse of 17 months:—"On May 9th, 1S03, he said to our representative, who called on him to see whether he had kent well; "I am glad to say that your Doan's pills cured me so thor- oughly and completely that I have had no re.urn of my old trouble since, but I always keep a lrvx of the pi Is in mv house, for T find them such a splendid help after a day's work. 1 1')1 so fully satisfied with Doan's pills that I have recommended them to my friends, and I shall always speak highly of the medicine when I find an opportunity." If you are ill, write and fully describe your case to us. We shall be pleased to give you the best advice in our power, free of charge. You can depend upon your letter being treated in strictest confidence. Doan's backache kidney pi Is are two shillings and ninepence per box (six boxes for thirteen shillings and nine; ern e). Of atl: chemists and sto-es, or post free, on receipt of price, direct from Foster-MeClellan Co., 8, Wells S re t, Lo don, W.
BY A SON OF THE SOIL. SriiMEB SHOW OP FLOWERS. A West London correspondent who writes me from Scarborough with reference to the suburban garden which has been so bare in the summer can take heart, for there is a very wide choice of plants which he can plant or grow from seed for blooming throughout the season he mentions. At the. same time, I must admit that it i" rather difficult to rdvise without, falling back on the bedding plants such as Geraniums, Verbenas, Calceoiarias, and Lobelias but there are plenty of others which make a good. show, such as early Phlox. Madonna Lilies (if his soil will grow this beautiful flower), .Petunias. Canterbury B(-Ils. out ear1"tlw common lari- golds, Shiriey Poppies, Sweet Williams, Snap- dragons, Mignonette, Patfisies, border Pinks, early Stocks, Candy-tuft. Honesty, and London Pride, Roses, of course, must be included. Suburban gardens can be jnade very beautiful by a. very little outlay,' will readily give any further particulars if will I write to me again. v THE PAISAM. I dioulcl have thought that my correspondent, "A C. would have known better than to have aid that his seedsman was unab!e to supply Balsams. He must- have made a mistake, for there is no more popular half-hardv annual for greenhouse decoration. The seed should be A BEAUTIFUL POT PI.ANT. I sown in March, and a month later for succes- sion, in a brisk heat, and pricked off iuto small pots. They should be growu in light and rather rich soil, shifting them on as soon as the pots arc filled with roots. The Balsam requires an abundance of water and liquid manure as soon as the roots fill the pots. LINCOLNSHIRE BUFF FOWLS. The so-called Lincolnshire Bull is old-estab- lished, and has been known in Lincolnshire for many years. It is not recognised as an exhibi- tion fowl, and until the buff Orpington made its appearance it was comparatively unknown outside tiie county that gave its name, except as a good all-round farmer's breed. Scores have been sold in London markets as stable fowls, and many clean-legged specimens have been disposed of by um. rupuloufc deafer- .° buif Orpingtons. Some strains of the latter variety are said to have had Lincolnshire blood infused into them. There is not a standard of excel- lence for it; in fact, it clasiies too much with tho buff Orpington ever to be able to hold its place in the show pen, the two varieties only differing in legs, those of the Lincolnshire being a tr:5!e longer and slightly feathered. If you ever saw any of the first imported buff Cochins, or, as they were called, Shanghais, then you saw what is now known as the Lincolnshire Buff. Years ago the fanners and poultry- keepers of Lincolnshire bred fowls of the Dorking type, but finding them unsuitable for the climate and surroundings they ran Mooney cocks with their hens and v hen the buff Cochin boom was on. males of that breed were mated with their hem, The desire was to obtain a breed of good all-round fowls, the cockerels of which would grow woil for table, and the pullets be good layers. Lincolnshire Buffs are much longer legged, of slimmer bui'd, and carry much less leg feathering than do Cochins. From such crossing as we have mentioned, and taking into consideration the fact that no attention whatever was paid to the colour and the mark- ings of the plumage, it is easy to understand that the breed will not "throw true." and that all sorts of specimens may be produced from even the best mated pen. A BREEDING KERNEL. The kennel of which an illustration is given has been especially designed for the brd&ding of dogs up to the size of bulldogs. In fact, after a choice inspection of a kenntfl tft which my at- tention was lately drawn, I have m hesitation in saying that there could be r arrange- ment for a dog of the inactive stamp of ie national breed than that incorporated in the kennel named. It is roomy, and is provided with a breeding couch of a particularly good pattern; while there is plenty of room for both dam and young family-when the latter arrive-without either being crammed into a space far too small for the progress of the latter. The arrangement for ventilation is also very good—in fact, no de- tail has been missed in the construction of the ¡ A BREEDING KENNEL. I kennel, and I know of no other so complete. The price is reasonable, and instead of being an un. sightly adjunct to a stable-yard Of the back gar- den, as so many kennels are, it is quite a neat and well-built structure. THE CAMELLIA IN THE OPEN AiR. Although it is quite true that the Camellia will stand with impunity a greater degree of cold than the common Laurel, the Laurustinus. and other shrubs which are generally considered hardy, yet the main stems and the stoutei branches are, nevertheless, susceptible to injur) from severe frosts, says a writer in Gardening Illustrated. The Camellia and similar hard- wooded plants are liable in very severe winters to have their main stems and stronger branches not only cracked, but split into longitudinal shreds. All that is necessary to protect the plant at this weak point is to closely enwrap the stem with straw or hay-bands, laying at the same time & little Fern or other loose material over the roots. The portions of the stems near the ground are always the most liable to suffer, while the leaves and smaller branches will bear any amount of frost with impunity, always, of course, pro- vided the stems are protected as just advised. In some cases the foliage comes down close to the ground, this protecting the stems from injury. Such was the case in the Royal Horticultural Gardens at Chiswick, where there used to be several fine plants in a border facing the north. As regards culture, there is very little to be said. Give the Camellia the -shade of a north wall pro- tected from hewind and a well-drained border. Let the soil be firmly rammed round the roots in planting, then watered for a time, till the plants get established. June is the best month to plant them out, and care should be taken to well har- den off the plants before placing permanently in the open air. No greater can be made than planting them in a shady "nook." In such a position they are no doubt protected, but that would prove anything but beneficial in the end, free exposure in summer promoting free flowering and ripening up the wood to withstand frost. MIDDLE WHITE PIGS. There is a good deal of uncertainty as to what constitutes a middle white pig. The middle white is a recognised breed, just as properly a* is either the large white or small white, but there are many pig owners and others who n- tertain a strong suspicion as to the actual dis- tinctiveness of this so-called variety. There are many who contend that the middle white is neither more nor less than an under-sized large white, and although this assertion undoubtedly exaggerates or misrepresents the individuality of the middle white race, there is possibly a good dna.1 of truth underlying it. The are unques- tionably in existence to-day herds of middle white pigs as pure and distinctive, in pedigree as any herd of large whites, Berkshire, Tamworths. or any other breed, and in which ro alien blood from either of the other white species has been introduced for many generations. Yet the strik- ing similarity not only in colour but in conforma- tion and general appearance of the large and middle white varieties lends a good deal of sup- port to the theory that some breeders at least designate their pigs large or fiddle white ac- cording to the size which the animals attain. How far this convenient practice is pursued it would be difficult to say, but it might be worth while for those interested in pig breeding to carefully inquire. The middle white is perhaps as worthy of recognition as the large white, pro- vided that it is bred on strict ixP'Rree lines, end its ranks are not subject to bo Rwe!lecl by t.ho addition of under-sized animals of large white strains. But its supporters and owners cannot be too rigid in preserving the b^d absolutely free from introductions of the kind' not merely for the reason that the influence .9* large white blood would prove prejudicial to the purity and utility of the variety, but on utility principle that the breed would ncces8arily suffer, and at the same time fulfil a less useful purpose if its ranks were to bo mado a COllvenient re- ceptacle for misgrown animals of a larger variety. ( A PATENT CHIMNEY COWL AND VENTILATOR. I have had inquiries for a chimney cowl and ventilator, and. having seen several patterns. I do not think my correspondent can go far wrong bu'](1 in allowing his builder to fit up tiie cottages j j with the chimney and ventilator of which I give an illustration. The invention is the outcome of a long experience of all the best-known methods of curing smoky chimneys. The greatest di £ Q- A CTIIirvEY COWL AND VENTILATOR. culty lias been in devising a combined fine and line chimney-pot which could be ,<iJy :epr and kept in working order without the necessity of going c:i to tiie roof. This can be done by the use of the cowl and ventilator illusira.!ed. AQUATIC AND BCG PLANTS. We are asked by several rcadc-rj for a few directions for planting hardy water lilies, bul- rushes. &c.. says a correspondent in the Field. Vt here there is r it is not difficult to. make a water garden, but no water gardening is effect- ive that is not done on natural lines. Cement tanks, formal pits, whilst they may be serviceable !n providing accommodation for water-loving plants, can never be made to look pleasing. Wo have seen excellent results obtained by diverting a small stream, opening it out into swamp and lakelet, and then planting it with tiie right kinds of plants. There is less difficulty in making a water garden where a pond is available. Thp essential thing to do is to follow nature in the disposition of the plants. If the side- are not shallow, thev must he made so by lowering the soil near the water to form an irregular and shal- low margin. In this many plants will thrive, such as Japanese and English Iris, A torus. Arundo. Alisma, Butomus. CaUhas, Sedces. Horsetails, Ferns, especially Osmunda. Gunner a, Richardia, Juncus, Bog Myrtle, Primula japo- mea. and P. rosea (on margin near wster)..Cynri- pedium spectabile. Saxifrasra peliair. Tlodgersia podophy'la, Sarracenia., Spir«?a. Tr-aiins, &c. Those are moro or less bold in character. Then there a-ro hosts cf small plants which would be perfectly happy in or close to the water edge, such as Grass of P:¡.rl1;:¡'l" Coiten Grass. Loose- strife. Daffodil. Sisyrinchinm. Water Polygonum. Fritillaria, C ax ii, Hottonia, Water Mint, Trillium, Dog Bean. 1-:c, In the deeper water must be planted the Nymphreas. Nuphars Bulrush (Scirpus lacn- stris). Reed Mace (Typha). Apon0g-et,j, and in sheltered situations the stately Nelumbium might be tried. Tiie material available fov the creation of a charming water garden is abundant and varied, but everything depends on judgment in its selection and the taste shewn i;-¡ the di'-posi- tion of the plants used. The wise plan, we say again, is to < opy natur?. The best time to plant is during March end the first week in April. Plants with good root- stocks may be sunk in position by attaching a heavy stone to them; but if the soil at the bottom i-- not good, then the plants s.bon'd be set in good soil in shallow baskets and lowered into position. Nymphx-a^. if choice, should always be treated in this way. C-onr.non plants that do nnt die easily may be e.ive!op*d in clay and throv. n into the water. F fish or birds ars likely to be troublesome good-sized stones should be put over the foii alter t.j« plants are in. The newer Nymphroas. which are costly, and. when first received from the dealers, smail. should, if possible, be started in pots in a tank or large tub in a greenhouse, and planted in tho open towards tho end of June, by which time they should be well rooted and have a few natural leaves. TIley ,dJl);¡)d be put in:o baskets of (rnod '0': before lowering them into position in the pond. An correspondence affecting this column should be addressed to A Son of the Scil," care of the Editor of this journal.
The death of his Honour Judge Gv-i.ym Williams took place at his residence, Manor, near Cardiff, on Sunday m. rr.r/.r.
must get at Blood the is the Life! It is the Strength. It is Everything. Everybody, yourself included, is liable to a long list of Diseases. WHY ? Because our impure air, impure water, impure food, impure surround- ngs generate impurities in the BLOOD. Vvhen the Blood is vitiated, RASH, PIMPLES SORES, BOILS, SCURVY, ECZEMA, IRRITATIONS, ITCHINGP BAD LEGS. CANCER, KING'S EVIL, RHEUMATISM, NEURALGIA, SCIATICA, and a host of other mental and physical evils become possible. Most of the ailments we suffer from can be prevented by keeping the BLOOD PURF, I The evidence of thousands is forthcoming to prove that HUGHES'S Blood PILLS Purify the Blood, and KEEP IT PURE. you suffer from HEADACHE, INDIGESTION, BACKACHE, BILIOUSNESS, WIND, DESPONDENCY, CONSTIPATION, PILES, BAD LIVER, WEAK NERVES STOMACH, KIDNEY, and NERVE TROUBLES, Remember that the Boor of the mischief is in the Blood. You must get at the Blood before you do real good. HUGHES'S BLOOD PILLS have an immedi ate action upon the Blood and the whole system. TRY THEM. LOOK NONE FOR THIS GENE TRADE MARK WITHOUT ON EACH IT. Box. They are sold by all Chemists and Stores at Is. lid., 2s. 9d., 4s. 6d., or send value in stamp OJ* P.O. to maker, JACOB HUGHES, M.P.S., L.D.S., Manufacturing Chemist, PENARTH, Cardiff. HAVE YOU TRIED GOMERS BALM? It is a Salve for every wound, with marvellous properties in curing and healing all kinds of Sores. Skin Rash, Eczema, Burns, Scalds, Scurvy, Gal lings in Children and Women, Piles, Scabby Heads, Chaps, Ringworm, Stiff Joints, Irritations and Inflammations of all kinds. Noted for IS" BID LEGS. TRY IT. Sold by all 1 Chemists and Stores al Is. lid., or send value in stamps or P.O. to maker JACOB HUGHES, M.P.S., L.D.S., PENARTH Cardiff. Ask for GOMER'S BALM," and see that the nam Jacob Hughes "is on each box, without hich none is genuine. Cupiss' Constitution Balls. TESTIMONIALS. ) HORSES. For Grease, Swelled Legs, Winston Hall, Cracked Heels, Coughs Stonham. Colds, Sore Throats, They are the best Disordered Liver, Broken remedv for Grease anil Wind, Influenza, LOBS cf Sw eYl e d Legs t APPetite« &c &c- Horses. CATTLE. WILLIAM LONG. For Hide-bound, Staring —— Coat, Hove or Blown Sutton Farm, Distemper, Epidemic, Sur Bovton. feit, Condtioniug, Pre- lniK, troubled with conrin^. I gRve one F-Iff p Hall at two cufferent For Rot or Fluke.' and for tiroes, and the result ge m Health, Aaei«. was a perfect care. t0 jD,0 r>0E(2,»,on_ R. C-CRY. T-ouring in LvkiiibF,, &e. Prepared upwards of 50 years by the late FRANCIS CUPIDS. M.R.C.V.S., DISS, NOBPCLK Sold in packets Is 9d and 3s 6d each. 7 smaii packets 10s 6d, or 7 large 2ls., by Chemists and Medi cine Vendors, or from Proprietor, THE WILDERNESS DISB, on receipt of amount. j All Goods Advertised on this Page are Sold by the following: T. LEWIS, FISHGUARD. A. DAVID, ST. DAVID'S. f. MEYLEE, FISHGUARD. D. L. LLEWELLIN. GOOD WICK. T. M. PHILLIPS, II'WEST. T. D. MEYLER, MILFOKD HAVEN G. H.APPLEBY, NEW MILFORD. H. A. WILLIAMS, LETTEKSTON. G. H. LLOYD, SOLVA. Veterinary Specific FOR HORSES, CATTLE, SHEEP, PIGS, &c | • The above Remedy is so effective in euch a number c' diseases, that it may be considered A MEDICINE CHEST IN ITSELF. AL It is specially recommended to Farmers as a most valuable Remedy in COLIC, SCOUR, &0. And unlike ctner remedies for Colic, it does not prove an irritant if Inf.a^:m^n u Fever is present. ALBERT DAVID, '1" í. j Saint David's. [ A SAFE AND PERMANENT REMEDY FOR ALL < SKIN AND BLOOD DISEASES, j | F YOU SUFFER FTJOM ANY I'iSEASE clue to an impure state of th<> | j | Iiiood, you should u .st the value < 'iarke's Blood Mixture, the worM-l'ain«d [• A JJiood Pui-iiisr *nd Restorer. It ia warranted to ciearse the hlo.v! fr-in r } all impurities, from whatever cu >'■-•■ iwm'uj. For EczCSia, Sc-ofnia, f | Pcurvv. Bad Legs, Abscesses, Jt-iocd Pciscu, Glandular Swellings. | Rheumatism Blotches, Blackheads, Pimples, and i Sores of all kinds it is a Safe and Permanent Remedy. B E^tor of ttie "rAM'iY UOCTOK." says:— | V.'e have seon hosts of letters li*i riuir testimony tbo rruiy vor.-]«rful rorM r efrocte-1 by Ol.irrc- Wood Mixture. It is HIT finest 3J' H! Purifier • I. T Sri.-TIRE f. oti«l M«.vliea] Sfe:" liuve brought to an.] v e can v.-ith the utmost.outiUtnioe g I-HI-oniinenii i< to our subscribers I.)K* (IUWH- freneralh- j? —— — L THE W&RLD-FA 82BI&&D PifRlFiEJR, I | Can be cl tained of s2i CLcinists cni Stores, 2/9 per Lcrtie. ji Can be cl tained of s2i CLcinists cni Stores, 2/9 per Lcrtie. ji BEWARE OF WCSTKLESS IMITATIOMS. j ,ï'l.C- ¡t!;J" -7 -7 U BABY'S Pal s:: A Op IEc 'Feet it. -t U Gums 0 PC,: WITH wr It is very agreeable to the taste Prevents inflammation and Convulsions. No Narcotics Price Is. 11d. Made only by BARCLAY & SONS, Ltd., 95 Farringdon Street, London, And Sold by All Chemists. COUGHS AND COLDS ■■■ ■ II. ,!■».. • Pulmonic Linctus cures coughs. Pulmonic Linctus warms the chest. Pulmonic Linctus stops,, i i e tickling. Pulmonic Linctus aids the breathing. Pulmonic Linctus cuts the phlegm. Pulmonic Linctus restores the voice. Pulmonic Linctus soothes the throat. Pulmonic Linctus relieves asthma. Pulmonic Linctus relieves bronchitis. Pulmonic Linctus relieves after one Pulmonic Linctus cures when others Jail. Pulmonic Linctus has cured others. Pulmonic Linctus will cure you. Pulmonic Linctus is obtainable onh- iran— THOMAS MEYLER, Chemist, Fishguard. Sent anywhere post paid on receipt of stamps. One sze and one price-One shilling. I have used your Balsam for my children with 1 I great success; and have known your valuable S Remedy for more than THIRTY YEARS. | School House, East Markham, Newark. 8 Mr. J. H. Hall, Jan., 1902. I FOR 35 YEARS J lm' A& m A HAS BA Lam CURED, Sold everywhere, 9\4.. 11.. It. 6d. U COUGH & COLD. Mr. W. H. Shaw, Sept., 1902. 73, Ashbourne Road, Liverpool. We always have a bottle in the house, having proved its efficacy times without number.
UNSOLICITED. (ORIGINAL OPEN FOR INSPECTION). 215, Oxford-street, Pontycymmer, Dec. 16th, 1905. Dear Sir,—Please send me a pot of your No. 2 Ointment. I have a great faith in it. If you look back I liave had yonr valuable ointr ment since Nov. 27, 1903, to pat on my breast. It has done wonders on me. My breast has come all right by now. It did ache for a long time after I had the water out of it. I use to have pain right round my left side up to my shoulder effected from my breast. My left side was going cold full of shivers. But thank you very much for your valuable ointment. I feel quite well now, and my breast is quite supple. You can use these words as truth. Now I am going to try this ointment on the side of my son. He is suffering this few months, growing too fast I think, he is only 16 and 4 months. He complains cf his side, and I think there is a little swelling there so I want to try a pot of No 2. If you got something better I am willing to try it, and I am sending 2s 9d for Yours faithfully, MIIS JEREMIAH MORGAN. The relative strengths of the Mannina Oint- ment (Trade Mark) are described and known as follows :-No. 1, full; No. 2, medium; No. 3, mild. No. 1, the most powerful variety, is to be used in Cancerous growths of all kinds, such as cancer of the breast, up. etc., and also for Tumors, etc., at 2s Od, 4s 6d, and 8s 6d per pot. No. 2. This is a milder form than No. 1, and is to be applied in cases of Ulcerated Legs, Carbuncles, Fistula, foul wounds of every de- scription, Poisoned Hands, etc., Abscesses, Scalds, Burns, Erysipelas. Scurvy, etc., at Is ld, 2s 9d, and 4s 6d per pot. So. 3, being of a still milder nature than No. 2 is to be used for al 1 skin diseases, such as Eczema, Psoriasis, Ringworm, Chapped and Bleeding Hands, Chilblains, Itch, Mange, etc., at Is 1 d, 2s 9d, and 4s 6d per pot. SCHEDULE OF CURES. Cancerous growths in the Breast, Bleeding Canecr in 11w Neck, Ulcerated and Virulent Ion Leir, poisoned llund, Eczetna, from Bin h, i Abscesses after Vaccination, l.VdtMit U-uer-s t'u Hands. Blood Poison on Foot, Ulcerated r- and Lczema, Virulent Abscess on leg, Blood Poison in Hand, Foul Wound oil Leg, &c. The Omtnifiit "L»l^u;evi lLeal mc M. j nina" O rtment Co., Maiij Stieet, Mshgnar- r from Mr. Thos. Lewis cbfcn.isr, Filigii ,I-. F. D. Philiips, h'tverford^est; M. A. NVuIitunR, Let e -10 Albert Divid, St. l)»virr<»: J, Wil mnif, • or. ppm.: T. Meyler, c!-pmiet, Fishguard; and P. I Llewellyn, che.iiiBv, uo. avuek, &c. r-
—IIHBIf l ■ITBDa—• Chapped Hands, Chilblains, rough OP chafed skin. IS II can be easily remedied and tiie I f I g irritation promptly relieved by fill applying at bed-time | i 11 "i" ;ALVERT || Carbolic Ointment. IE It assists nature to effect 3 0;8; || cure, not only by its healing, c'dt E| also its antiseptic value—keeping I the broken skin in a healthy state. B A reliable household remedy for out; iv-rs, 1 bruises. scalds, piles and most skin a:snts. I Sold in jars or tins, 13d. c.ica, 0)' C'<,ts I Made by F. C. CALVERT L Co.. Manchester. B I A M O L IB THE BEST R.ESMEJ31T YET DISCOVERED FOR Indigestion Heartburn. Flatulence. Liver and Kidney Disorders. —:—0—:— PREPARED ONLY BY H. A. WILLIAMS, CHEMIST, LF- TTE RSTO N Wtrybodr know. that AacrhL 2 AmLk N** )r is ua ad=irable food. the niceft and most nutritioUG beyerage for the bren.k;&Rt tahle. It Is made in a ulo,neut tu boiling water tr u -ii. tlrci its munt&Lnlns < t nUues OQOOA I (0 cWo