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----! RURAL LIFE. !


RURAL LIFE. BY A SON OF THE SOIL. I A GARDENING NOTE. The time Is now ripe for the sowing of the Seed of annuals, of which Lavia Elegans is one of the most attractive, but it may be continued until the end of March, or even the middle of April. There are, of course, exceptions to the rule in the case of half-hardy annuals. Zinnias and marigolds, for instance, should not be sown before the middle of March; while ten- week stocks can be sown with perfect safety as early as the middlo of January. The finest asters, I may add, are produced from seeds sown the first and second weeks in April; as a rule, they should not be sown earlier. The most useful soil for raising plants from seeds, under glass, is composed of about equal parts of good rich loam, leaf-mould, and well-decayed manure from an old hot-bed, thoroughly incorporated with a sufficiency of coarse sand to render the whole fairly porous. In filling pots, pans, &c., with soil, it is of the first importance, after providing ample drain- age, that the soil should be pressed down firmly before sowing the seeds; this will secure a more even moisture, and greater certainty of germina- tion, than can be had by sowing on a loose and porous surface. Sow the seeds thinly, distribu- ting as evenly as you can, and cover as lightly as possible with a sprinkling of fine soil, and after submitting them to a slight pressure from LATIA ELEGANS. such as the bottom of a flower-pot, give them a careful watering and place in a gentle heat, When the young plants come up, placa them as near as possible to the light, and give them on all favourable occasions a fair quan- tity of air, carefully avoiding, however, their exposure to the keen, drying cast winds so often prevalent in spring. When the plants have reached a size at which they can be handled, the choicer varieties should be care- fully pricked out into pots, pans, boxes, &c., and placed in the greenhouse close to the glass, or in frames, where on fine warm days they can have the full benefit of air and sun. This will enable them to make good sturdy plants with plenty of roots, that will transplant well, and produce an abundance of handsome flowers. ANALYSIS OF AN EGG. On examining the analysis of eggs by various authorities, we find that they contain an average of about 13 per cent. of proteids— flesh-forming matter; 10 of fat—heat-producing matter; 2 of salts-chiefly bone-forming matter; and 75 per cent. of water. It may not be gene- rally known that a chick is almost, if not en- tirely, formed from the white of the egg, and that the yolk remains on the outside of the body of the chick until a short time before it emerges from its shell. It then passes into the bird through its vent, and is used as food. The proteids in the yolk nourish the chick, and the fat supplies ihe heat and force. The fat of an egg is in the yolk. In this there is a wonderful natural provision, because fat contains about 80 per cent. of heat-producing matter ready for immediate use. Oilv fat, such as that which is found in an egg, is the most easily digested of all heat-producing matter. A USEFUL DAIRY TABLE. The worker of which I give an illustration is recommended for dairies of medium size. It rolls out the butter into a fluted layer by a for- ward movement, and acrain' rolls or lumps it up bv a backward movement ready for rerolling, thereby ensuring not only its being ucrfict^T