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THE FARMER S P A C E.

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ASPABAGTTS.

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j PARSNIP CULTTJBE. holes are made with it in the ordinary soil of the garden, exactly as seen in the drawing. These holes must be made when the ground is quite dry, and may be 3ft. deep and 6in. or 8in. in in circumference at the top. To fill them a com- post must be made up, and for the bottom 6in. of the hole it should be very rich. The mix- ture may consist of fine soil, a little sand, mould, and well-rotted manure, all passed through a iin. riddle, to remove stones. This may be enriched by the addition of a little manure or other fertilising ingredient and a little soot, which will help to keep away rust. To arm the top of the hole less manure should be used. Sow six or eight seeds in the mouth of each hole, covering about a jin. Thin out the plants when they have grown to a few inches in height, taking care to leave only one strong plant near the centre of each hole. The seed should be sown as early in February as possible. Parsnips must not be fed on the surface, as it induces side-growths on the roots and spoils their appearance. If feeding is done it should be by large holes made at some distance from the plants, and liquid manure is advisable. It greatly decreases the risk of the top or crown of the parsnip being destroyed if when half-grown ..mall quantity of clean sand is heaped over it. ASPABAGTTS. When this crop has not been attenr^d to already, it must be no longer neglected, says a writer in the Market Gardener. Where the plant is grown in raised beds some of the soil can be thrown into the alleys, and the beds re- ceive a good dressing of well composted manure. Some have been using peat-moss manure for this crop, but where the land is at all heavy it is much better avoided, as it is very apt to encourage eelworm, and asparagus is very susceptible to this trouble. During last season or two we have seen hundreds of plants entirely destroyed by the myriads of micro- scopic eelworms taking possession of the dor- mant buds. Probably the use of salt on the beds has in the past acted as a deterrent in the case of eelworm, and so has kept the plants aafe. An annual dressing of freshly-slaked lime will also do much to cleanse the beds of insect pests, and from 6cwt.. to lOcwt. per acre should be given a week or two before the farmyard manure is put on. Some heavy lands are badly infested with the underground black or black and-yellow slug. These pests are continually eating away the underground parts of plants Where these pests abound there is nothing like dose of vaporite for their clearance. This may be sown over asparagus beds to the extent of 3cwt. per acre. and if just pricked in as soon as sown will n!a.Ife it hot for the slugs. The manure may be left on the beds until February, when it should be forked in, or if the land works well it may be done at once. Where sea- weed can be obtained this may be laid on the beds to a thickness of Hin. In ca.ses where it is not desirable to put real manure on the beds 3cwt. kainit and 5cwt. basic slag to the acre may be put on at once, and in March, when the beds are dressed down or the rows are prepared for the spring work, a dressing of 2cwt. sulphate of ammonia may be given. Rich guano is ale., a good manure- for asparagus, but if it is not fish potash" it should always be supple- mented by lcwt. of sulphate of potash to 3cwt. or 4cwt. of the fish manure. PACKING NUTS AND OTHER PRODUCE, FOR EXPORT. A new method of packing and transporting fruit and other perishable produce has been re- cently tested, and its development is being watched with interest in Colonial fruit circles. The basis of the process is the use of a vacuum, and the inventor, Mr. Charles Blagburn, of An- tioch. California, says that by its use fresh pro- duce can be packed for three months without decay. Fruit will not continue ripening once it it put into the vacuum, and this fact permits of gathering when the conditions are the best. A large plant has been established at Antioch for tjie_unlimited production, ofvacuum boxes.. Air- iiagTii, recepcacics or practically any size are made, and when the fruit or other produce is placed in them the vacuum apparatus is applied and the air exhausted. Pure nitrogen is then forced in to produce an equilibrium, so that atmospheric pressure will not cause a collapse. Those behind the scheme claim that its adoption will greatly increase the fruit-growers' profits. A refrigerator car from San Francisco to New York involves an expenditure of J6150, while the promoters of this process claim that a car load of fruit can be forwarded across the continent for JB40, as fruit can be shipped in ordinary freight cars, without the necessity of refrigerator cars and ice. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. A. T. C."—Tho only way to procure the bulbs of the wild hyacinth lor bluebell is to dig them up from the woods or any other place where they grow; but that is a hard task, as the bulbs grow very deep. It is doubtful if they will stand transplanting, but you can got the bulbs of garden hyacinths, which are pretty when in bloom, though they are shorter in the bell, through any nurseryman, such as Carter's, Holborn, London, or Daniel's, Norwich.

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