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THE FARMER S P A C E. Rural life B A SON OF THE SOIL. "THERE ^AHLIAS *BOM CUTTINGS. °*n be no doubt as to the cheapness of stock CU.ttinkrs 85 a method of getting together fl0r-, 0 dahlias, and as several prominent *he m'Aj? PrePared to send out selections from note « Februar7 until the end of March, cannnf k °W as *° treatment of cuttings for com P'ace- If dahlias are intended %nd nnl P' Sround must be well dug the oiL. ve,r.Ised during the previous winter, at korsft r«e me adding a liberal quantity of good dun<» ?anurfe- although, if the soil is light, cow SrounH Pre-arable. About the end of May the ^eds again be stirred, and laid off in Ween Wlc^e- with an alloy 1ft. in breadth be- takes • Into these beds a double row of ■way. 'lla7 D« placed, about 2$lt. apart each little' r«n 6 avera&e» the tall ones may be a S°me ore a"d the dwarf ones a little less. *^e Dlarowers prefer a greater distance between JtiOit n-tthe space given has proved to be before" 1 -0' Tho stakes must be firmly fixed the The best time to get the plants When 6 ■ April and beginning of May. be imrv^j0111'' from the nursery, they should Placed potted into 4 or 5-inch pots, and Rre^nk °n a moderate hotbed or in a warm plant« <?us<)> rare being taken not to allow the tend tto become dry, as the slightest check will After throw them into bloom prematurely. RTaHi 11 third week of May they should be dane^*hardened off, and planted out when all bo rJl,l Jr0st '1 Past- w„hich. in Scotland may Ireai^oned as after the first few day in June, yuent waterings, occasionally with liquid DAHLIAS FROM CUTTINGS. O.-Dahlia cutting as taken from plant. prepared for insertion. Inanure, tying and thinning the shoots, will en- 'be attention of the cultivator till the be- Kmning Gf August, when the buds will be ap- J~Tann £ A good mulching of well-decomposed la u be of great service now. If very i r £ blooms are wanted, only four or five tranchos should be left on each plant, and all ati excee<ling two or three at the end of each in 01 |*b°u^ be removed. A few lateral shoots < be allowed to grow, which will carry flowers tli °?" When the flowers begin to expand, be all the better of a little protection to e wea,ther, a piece of board or tin nailed _the top of a stout stake answering the pur- Pose very well. Some prefer boxes with glass J*8- Should dahlia cuttings appear flagged received, place them for a short time in «ter of a temperature of 60deg. or so. Pots ™*y then be filled with very sandy soil, and if j^™bs. (2in.) are used, one cutting may be PJ^ced in the centre of each pot. If 3-in. or 4-in. Pots be used, six cuttings may be inserted round ue edges. Make the soil rather firm and give • slight watering, and afterwards plunge the Pots in a slight bottom heat. Shade from the 8 rays, but do not cover up quite close if the •nnosphere is at all moist, as they are apt to off if so treated. In fourteen to twenty- one days they should all be nicely rooted, and ready to pot off singly into small pots, and again transferred to bottom heat. RED-POLLED CATTLE. I have again been asked to give a line regard- Ing red-polled cattle, a breed of which the Prince R H^a^8' ^°n A- Fellowes, and Lord fwthschild are very great admirers. The herd of last-named nobleman is well and widely RED-POLLED COW Jnjpwn; it was started essentially from a dairy Point of view, and the average yield for one year was published, with a view to demonstrating the "apabifities of the herd in that direction. Out of total of seventy-four cows, thirty-six were in the during the whole of the year, and in twelve Inonths their milk yield was 271,5931b., an aVrage for each cow of 7,544ilb. Numerous Prizes were won in the show yard and also in j*P?n milking tests, two of the biggest triumphs prizes at the London Dairy Show in suc- cessive years. Such testimony requires no up on my part, and as one of the best preeds for dairying purposes the red-polled can honestly recommended. ON PABSNIPS. For general crop parsnips should be sown in February or March in rows 16in. to 18in. apart. e seed being placed lin. deep, and oovered "ith fine soil. Deep, well-cultivated land it ry to secure a good parsnip crop, and nd which was heavily manured for the previous erop is best, as land freshly manured does not Produce the best jhaped roots. To grow par- •niPs for exhibition, a deep, rich, and well- drained soil is necessary. If the soil is of a ^iyey nature, it will be better to make up a bed forced earth to the required depth than to •«empt to grow them in such. A trench may made, sav 30in. deep and 18in. wide for a ■ingle row, and a layer of well-rotted manure Placed in the bottom and mixed with the soil e trench should then be filled up with good of a friable nature and the seeds sown. The l^ethod, however, which is adopted by all the Jjest growers is clearly shewn in the appended lustration. A large dibble is procured, and L



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